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Annemarie Kalis
Utrecht University
  1.  48
    Brain Disorders? Not Really: Why Network Structures Block Reductionism in Psychopathology Research.Denny Borsboom, Angélique O. J. Cramer & Annemarie Kalis - 2019 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 42:1-54.
    In the past decades, reductionism has dominated both research directions and funding policies in clinical psychology and psychiatry. The intense search for the biological basis of mental disorders, however, has not resulted in conclusive reductionist explanations of psychopathology. Recently, network models have been proposed as an alternative framework for the analysis of mental disorders, in which mental disorders arise from the causal interplay between symptoms. In this target article, we show that this conceptualization can help explain why reductionist approaches in (...)
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  2.  45
    An Anscombean Perspective on Habitual Action.Annemarie Kalis & Dawa Ometto - 2019 - Topoi 1.
    Much of the time, human beings seem to rely on habits. Habits are learned behaviours directly elicited by context cues, and insensitive to short-term changes in goals: therefore they are sometimes irrational. But even where habitual responses are rational, it can seem as if they are nevertheless not done for reasons. For, on a common understanding of habitual behaviour, agents’ intentions do not play any role in the coming about of such responses. This paper discusses under what conditions we can (...)
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  3.  49
    Weakness of Will, Akrasia and the Neuropsychiatry of Decision-Making: An Interdisciplinary Perspective.Annemarie Kalis, Andreas Mojzisch, Sophie Schweizer & Stefan Kaiser - 2008 - Cognitive, Affective and Behavioral Neuroscience 8 (4):402-17.
    This article focuses on both daily forms of weakness of will as discussed in the philosophical debate and psychopathological phenomena as impairments of decision making. We argue that both descriptions of dysfunctional decision making can be organized within a common theoretical framework that divides the decision making process in three different stages: option generation, option selection, and action initiation. We first discuss our theoretical framework, focusing on option generation as an aspect that has been neglected by previous models. In the (...)
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  4.  20
    Reductionism in Retreat.Denny Borsboom, Angélique O. J. Cramer & Annemarie Kalis - 2019 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 42.
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  5.  73
    Self‐Control as a Normative Capacity.Annemarie Kalis - 2018 - Ratio 31 (S1):65-80.
    Recently, two apparent truisms about self-control have been questioned in both the philosophical and the psychological literature: the idea that exercising self-control involves an agent doing something, and the idea that self-control is a good thing. Both assumptions have come under threat because self-control is increasingly understood as a mental mechanism, and mechanisms cannot possibly be good or active in the required sense. However, I will argue that it is not evident that self-control should be understood as a mechanism, suggesting (...)
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  6.  61
    Failures of Agency: Irrational Behavior and Self-Understanding.Annemarie Kalis - 2011 - Lexington Books.
    This book explores classic philosophical questions regarding the phenomenon of weakness of will or ‘akrasia’: doing A, even though all things considered, you judge it best to do B. Does this phenomenon really exist and if so, how should it be explained? Nacht van Descartes -/- The author provides a historical overview of some traditional answers to these questions and addresses the main question: how does the phenomenon of 'going against your own judgment' relate to the idea that we are (...)
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  7. Why Option Generation Matters for the Design of Autonomous E-Coaching Systems.Bart Kamphorst & Annemarie Kalis - 2015 - AI and Society 30 (1):77-88.
    Autonomous e-coaching systems offer their users suggestions for action, thereby affecting the user's decision-making process. More specifically, the suggestions that these systems make influence the options for action that people actually consider. Surprisingly though, options and the corresponding process of option generation --- a decision-making stage preceding intention formation and action selection --- has received very little attention in the various disciplines studying decision making. We argue that this neglect is unjustified and that it is important, particularly for designers of (...)
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  8.  16
    Ideals Regarding a Good Life for Nursing Home Residents with Dementia: Views of Professional Caregivers.Annemarie Kalis, Maartje H. N. Schermer & Johannes J. M. van Delden - 2005 - Nursing Ethics 12 (1):30-42.
    This study investigates what professional caregivers working in nursing homes consider to be a good life for residents suffering from dementia. Ten caregivers were interviewed; special attention was paid to the way in which they deal with conflicting values. Transcripts of the interviews were analysed qualitatively according to the method of grounded theory. The results were compared with those from a similar, earlier study on ideals found in mission statements of nursing homes. The concepts that were mentioned by most interviewed (...)
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  9.  15
    Mentale toestanden in de psychologie.Annemarie Kalis - 2014 - Algemeen Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Wijsbegeerte 106 (3):197-206.
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  10.  45
    Improving Moral Judgments: Philosophical Considerations.Annemarie Kalis - 2010 - Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 30 (2):94-108.
    In contemporary moral psychology, an often-heard claim is that knowing how we make moral judgments can help us make better moral judgments. Discussions about moral development and improvement are often framed in terms of the question of which mental processes have a better chance of leading to good moral judgments. However, few studies elaborate on the question of what makes a moral judgment a good moral judgment. This article examines what is needed to answer questions of moral improvement and development. (...)
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  11.  15
    Niet alleen voor de geest: perspectieven voor de geesteswetenschappen - Verslag van een workshop gehouden te Utrecht, van 12-14 april 2012. [REVIEW]Marcus Düwell, Annemarie Kalis & Katrien Schaubroeck - 2013 - Algemeen Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Wijsbegeerte 105 (1):55-58.
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  12.  12
    Control Over Our Beliefs? A Response to Peels.Annemarie Kalis & Katrien Schaubroeck - 2018 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 26 (4):618-624.
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  13.  9
    'Early Stage' Instrumental Irrationality: Lessons From Apathy.Annemarie Kalis & Stefan Kaiser - 2018 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 25 (1):1-12.
    As we all know, people often do not do what would be the rational thing to do. Both psychologists and philosophers have long been interested in explaining this aspect of the human condition. Also, the relation between everyday irrationality and pathological breakdowns of rationality is a familiar topic of discussion in psychiatry. It is not merely the failures themselves that present interesting questions; there is also the hope that, by understanding when and why we violate rational norms, we might get (...)
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  14.  24
    Folk Psychology as a Causal Language.Annemarie Kalis & Denny Borsboom - 2020 - Theory & Psychology 5 (30):723-8.
    According to Oude Maatman (2020), our recent suggestion (Borsboom et al., 2019) that symptom networks are irreducible because they rely on folk psychological descriptions, threatens to undermine the main achievements of the network approach. In this article, we take up Oude Maatman’s challenge and develop an argument showing in what sense folk psychological concepts describe features of reality, and what it means to say that folk psychology is a causal language.
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  15.  18
    Hoe zaagt men van dik hout planken? Een essay over publieksfilosofie.Annemarie Kalis - 2016 - Algemeen Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Wijsbegeerte 108 (2):225-238.
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  16.  21
    Lubomira Radoilska, Ed. , Autonomy and Mental Disorder . Reviewed By.Annemarie Kalis - 2013 - Philosophy in Review 33 (3):222–225.
  17.  17
    No Intentions in the Brain: A Wittgensteinian Perspective on the Science of Intention.Annemarie Kalis - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  18.  11
    Narrative Truth and Cases of Delusion.Annemarie Kalis - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 3 (4):87-89.
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  19.  16
    The Cognitive Underpinnings of Option Generation in Everyday Life Decision‐Making: A Latent Variable Analysis.Johannes Leder, Jan A. Häusser, Stefan Krumm, Markus Germar, Alexander Schlemmer, Stefan Kaiser, Annemarie Kalis & Andreas Mojzisch - 2018 - Cognitive Science 42 (8):2562-2591.
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  20. Neo-Aristotelianism: Virtue, Habituation, and Self-Cultivation.Dawa Ometto & Annemarie Kalis - 2018 - In Matthew Dennis & Sander Werkhoven (eds.), Ethics and Self-Cultivation. Historical and Contemporary Perspectives. Routledge.
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  21.  50
    Tailor-Made Pharmacotherapy: Future Developments and Ethical Challenges in the Field of Pharmacogenomics.Johannes Van Delden, Ineke Bolt, Annemarie Kalis, Jeroen Derijks & Hubert Leufkens - 2004 - Bioethics 18 (4):303–321.
    In this article ethical issues are discussed which play a role in pharmacogenetics. Developments in pharmacogenetics have a large impact on many different practices such as clinical trials, the practice of medicine and society at large. In clinical trials, questions rise regarding the exclusion of genetic subgroups that may be non- or poor-responders to the experimental drug. Also, the question is asked how pharmaceutical companies should deal with their growing knowledge about the relations between genetic variation and adverse effects. Moreover, (...)
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