22 found
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  1.  22
    Should Extremely Premature Babies Get Ventilators During the COVID-19 Crisis?Marlyse F. Haward, Annie Janvier, Gregory P. Moore, Naomi Laventhal, Jessica T. Fry & John Lantos - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (7):37-43.
    In a crisis, societal needs take precedence over a patient’s best interests. Triage guidelines, however, differ on whether limited resources should focus on maximizing lives or life-years. Choosing between these two approaches has implications for neonatology. Neonatal units have ventilators, some adaptable for adults. This raises the question of whether, in crisis conditions, guidelines for treating extremely premature babies should be altered to free-up ventilators. Some adults who need ventilators will have a survival rate higher than some extremely premature babies. (...)
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  2.  29
    Pediatric Participation in Medical Decision Making: Optimized or Personalized?Maya Sabatello, Annie Janvier, Eduard Verhagen, Wynne Morrison & John Lantos - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (3):1-3.
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  3.  81
    Are newborns morally different from older children?Annie Janvier, Karen Lynn Bauer & John D. Lantos - 2007 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 28 (5):413-425.
    Policies and position statements regarding decision-making for extremely premature babies exist in many countries and are often directive, focusing on parental choice and expected outcomes. These recommendations often state survival and handicap as reasons for optional intervention. The fact that such outcome statistics would not justify such approaches in other populations suggests that some other powerful factors are at work. The value of neonatal intensive care has been scrutinized far more than intensive care for older patients and suggests that neonatal (...)
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  4.  18
    Delayed Withholding: Disguising Withdrawal of Life Sustaining Interventions in Extremely Preterm Infants.Annie Janvier & Keith J. Barrington - 2022 - American Journal of Bioethics 22 (11):43-46.
    The extremely preterm infant, born before 28 weeks of gestational age, has been the focus of much ethical discussion. These infants have a significant risk of mortality and morbidity, and it is not...
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  5. Neonates Are Devalued Compared to Older Patients.Keith Barrington, Carlo Bellieni & Annie Janvier - 2016 - In Annie Janvier & Eduard Verhagen (eds.), Ethical Dilemmas for Critically Ill Babies. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
     
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  6.  21
    Empirical Over Theoretical Ethics: Choosing What Matters to Patients and Families.Annie Janvier & Marlyse F. Haward - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (3):54-56.
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  7.  18
    Counseling parents at risk of delivery of an extremely premature infant: Differing strategies.Marlyse F. Haward, Annie Janvier, John M. Lorenz & Baruch Fischhoff - 2017 - AJOB Empirical Bioethics 8 (4):243-252.
    Background: It is not known how neonatologists address the affective and cognitive loads on parents deciding whether to resuscitate infants born extremely preterm. This study explores expert neonatologists' views on these decision-making processes and their own roles in counseling parents. Methods: Semistructured interviews asked internationally recognized experts to share their perspectives on perinatal consultations. Their responses were subjected to thematic analysis. Results: Eighteen of 22 invited experts participated. Approximately equal numbers reported employing a physician-driven approach, a parent-driven approach, and a (...)
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  8.  25
    Ethical Dilemmas for Critically Ill Babies.Annie Janvier & Eduard Verhagen (eds.) - 2016 - Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
    For a minority of children managed in the NICU, there is a need for more complex technologic assistance in order to sustain life, mitigate a more chronic debilitation from a pervasive life-limiting condition, or provide a bridge from life-sustaining therapy to a more semi-permanent treatment such as organ transplantation. This chapter will address two major types of technology assistance for infants and children—tracheostomy and assisted home ventilation, and dialysis—and the myriad complications and considerations that they raise. Some attention to why (...)
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  9.  25
    The Dilemmas of Artificial Wombs: Conventional Ethics and Science Fiction.John D. Lantos & Annie Janvier - 2023 - American Journal of Bioethics 23 (5):82-85.
    Five years ago, remarkable animal experiments on artificial womb technology (AWT) at Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP) got us thinking about the ethical for premature babies. We recognized...
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  10. When Do We Become a Person and Why Should It Matter to Pediatricians?Annie Janvier & Amélie Dupont-Thibodeau - 2016 - In Annie Janvier & Eduard Verhagen (eds.), Ethical Dilemmas for Critically Ill Babies. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
     
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  11. Case Study: Just Another Test?Herbert J. Bonifacio & Annie Janvier - forthcoming - Hastings Center Report.
     
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  12.  17
    Perpetuating Biases and Injustice Toward Preterm Infants.Marlyse Haward, Mark Mercurio & Annie Janvier - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics 17 (8):27-29.
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  13.  10
    Arrogance-Based Medicine: Guidelines Regarding Genetic Testing in Children.Annie Janvier & Barbara Farlow - 2014 - American Journal of Bioethics 14 (3):15-16.
  14.  8
    Commentary.Annie Janvier - 2010 - Hastings Center Report 40 (1):14-14.
  15. How Babies Die and Why This Is Important to Clinicians, Researchers, and Parents.Annie Janvier & Eduard Verhagen - 2016 - In Annie Janvier & Eduard Verhagen (eds.), Ethical Dilemmas for Critically Ill Babies. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
     
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  16.  7
    How Much Emotion Is Enough?Annie Janvier - 2007 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 18 (4):362-365.
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  17.  9
    In Support of SUPPORT: Ignorance and Mistrust Can Harm Babies and Families.Annie Janvier - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics 13 (12):43-44.
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  18.  20
    Medically Vulnerable Clinicians and Unnecessary Risk During the COVID-19 Pandemic.Annie Janvier & John D. Lantos - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (7):13-14.
    Volume 20, Issue 7, July 2020, Page 13-14.
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  19.  16
    What Is an “Appropriate Code”?Annie Janvier & Keith Barrington - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (11):18-20.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 11, Issue 11, Page 18-20, November 2011.
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  20. Who Makes It to the NICU? The Association Between Prenatal Decisions and Neonatal Outcomes.Annie Janvier & Amélie Dupont-Thibodeau - 2016 - In Annie Janvier & Eduard Verhagen (eds.), Ethical Dilemmas for Critically Ill Babies. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
     
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  21.  18
    Ethics and the Importance of Good Clinical Practices.Katherine E. Nelson, Annie Janvier, Pamela G. Nathanson & Chris Feudtner - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (1):67-70.
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  22.  14
    Addressing Moral Distress: lessons Learnt from a Non-Interventional Longitudinal Study on Moral Distress.Trisha M. Prentice, Dilini I. Imbulana, Lynn Gillam, Peter G. Davis & Annie Janvier - 2022 - AJOB Empirical Bioethics 13 (4):226-236.
    Moral distress is prevalent within the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) and can negatively affect clinicians. Studies have evaluated the causes of moral distress and interventions to mitigate it...
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