Results for 'Annika Kanckos'

95 found
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  1.  3
    A Note on Gentzen’s Ordinal Assignment.Annika Kanckos - forthcoming - Archive for Mathematical Logic:1-6.
    Gentzen’s height measure of the 1938 consistency proof is a cumulative complexity measure for sequents that is measured bottom-up in a derivation. By a factorisation of the ordinal assignment a top-down ordinal assignment can be given that does not depend on information occurring below the sequent to which the ordinal is assigned. Furthermore, an ordinal collapsing function is defined in order to collapse the top-down ordinal to the one assigned by Gentzen’s own ordinal assignment. A direct definition of the factorised (...)
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  2.  10
    Consistency of Heyting Arithmetic in Natural Deduction.Annika Kanckos - 2010 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 56 (6):611-624.
    A proof of the consistency of Heyting arithmetic formulated in natural deduction is given. The proof is a reduction procedure for derivations of falsity and a vector assignment, such that each reduction reduces the vector. By an interpretation of the expressions of the vectors as ordinals each derivation of falsity is assigned an ordinal less than ε 0, thus proving termination of the procedure.
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  3.  3
    The Influence of Conscience in Nursing.Jensen Annika & Lidell Evy - 2009 - Nursing Ethics 16 (1):31-42.
    The influence of conscience on nurses in terms of guilt has frequently been described but its impact on care has received less attention. The aim of this study was to describe nurses' conceptions of the influence of conscience on the provision of inpatient care. The study employed a phenomenographic approach and analysis method. Fifteen nurses from three hospitals in western Sweden were interviewed. The results showed that these nurses considered conscience to be an important factor in the exercise of their (...)
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  4.  16
    Variants of Gödel’s Ontological Proof in a Natural Deduction Calculus.Kanckos Annika & Paleo B. Woltzenlogel - 2017 - Studia Logica 105 (3):553-586.
    This paper presents detailed formalizations of ontological arguments in a simple modal natural deduction calculus. The first formal proof closely follows the hints in Scott’s manuscript about Gödel’s argument and fills in the gaps, thus verifying its correctness. The second formal proof improves the first one, by relying on the weaker modal logic KB instead of S5 and by avoiding the equality relation. The second proof is also technically shorter than the first one, because it eliminates unnecessary detours and uses (...)
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  5.  2
    Annika Hand, Christian Bermes, Ulrich Dierse : Schlüsselbegriffe der Philosophie des 19. Jahrhunderts und Christian Bermes, Ulrich Dierse : Schlüsselbegriffe der Philosophie des 20. Jahrhunderts. [REVIEW]Rudolf Lüthe - 2018 - Philosophischer Literaturanzeiger 71 (3):278-283.
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  6.  25
    Review of Annika Thiem, Unbecoming Subjects: Judith Butler, Moral Philosophy, and Critical Responsibility[REVIEW]Catherine Mills - 2008 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2008 (12).
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  7.  75
    Animal Morality: What It Means and Why It Matters.Susana Monsó, Judith Benz-Schwarzburg & Annika Bremhorst - 2018 - Journal of Ethics 22 (3-4):283-310.
    It has been argued that some animals are moral subjects, that is, beings who are capable of behaving on the basis of moral motivations. In this paper, we do not challenge this claim. Instead, we presuppose its plausibility in order to explore what ethical consequences follow from it. Using the capabilities approach, we argue that beings who are moral subjects are entitled to enjoy positive opportunities for the flourishing of their moral capabilities, and that the thwarting of these capabilities entails (...)
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  8.  62
    Supra-Personal Cognitive Control and Metacognition.Nicholas Shea, Annika Boldt, Dan Bang, Nick Yeung, Cecilia Heyes & Chris D. Frith - 2014 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 18 (4):186–193.
    The human mind is extraordinary in its ability not merely to respond to events as they unfold but also to adapt its own operation in pursuit of its agenda. This ‘cognitive control’ can be achieved through simple interactions among sensorimotor processes, and through interactions in which one sensorimotor process represents a property of another in an implicit, unconscious way. So why does the human mind also represent properties of cognitive processes in an explicit way, enabling us to think and say (...)
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  9.  99
    Using Discourse to Restore Organisational Legitimacy: 'CEO-Speak' After an Incident in a German Nuclear Power Plant. [REVIEW]Annika Beelitz & Doris M. Merkl-Davies - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics 108 (1):101-120.
    We analyse managerial discourse in corporate communication (‘CEO-speak’) during a 6-month period following a legitimacy-threatening event in the form of an incident in a German nuclear power plant. As discourses express specific stances expressed by a group of people who share particular beliefs and values, they constitute an important means of restoring organisational legitimacy when social rules and norms have been violated. Using an analytical framework based on legitimacy as a process of reciprocal sense-making and consisting of three levels of (...)
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  10.  40
    Ontological Confusions but Not Mentalizing Abilities Predict Religious Belief, Paranormal Belief, and Belief in Supernatural Purpose.Marjaana Lindeman, Annika M. Svedholm-Häkkinen & Jari Lipsanen - 2015 - Cognition 134:63-76.
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  11.  3
    Examining the Win‐Win Proposition of Shared Value Across Contexts: Implications for Future Application.Annika Voltan, Chantal Hervieux & Albert Mills - 2017 - Business Ethics: A European Review 26 (4):347-368.
    This article examines the concept of creating shared value as articulated by Michael Porter and Mark Kramer, in non-Western and Western contexts. We define non-Western contexts as those in so-called “developing” countries and emerging economies, whereas Western ones pertain to dominant thinking in “developed” regions. We frame our research in postcolonial theory and offer an overview of existing critiques of CSV. We conduct a critical discourse analysis of 66 articles to identify how CSV is being cited by authors, and potential (...)
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  12.  9
    Dialogism in Corporate Social Responsibility Communications: Conceptualising Verbal Interaction Between Organisations and Their Audiences. [REVIEW]Niamh M. Brennan, Doris M. Merkl-Davies & Annika Beelitz - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 115 (4):665-679.
    We conceptualise CSR communication as a process of reciprocal influence between organisations and their audiences. We use an illustrative case study in the form of a conflict between firms and a powerful stakeholder which is played out in a series of 20 press releases over a 2-month period to develop a framework of analysis based on insights from linguistics. It focuses on three aspects of dialogism, namely (i) turn-taking (co-operating in a conversation by responding to the other party), (ii) inter-party (...)
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  13.  12
    Segmenting Dynamic Human Action Via Statistical Structure.Dare Baldwin, Annika Andersson, Jenny Saffran & Meredith Meyer - 2008 - Cognition 106 (3):1382-1407.
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  14.  40
    Unconscious Manipulation of Free Choice in Humans.Andrea Kiesel, Annika Wagener, Wilfried Kunde, Joachim Hoffmann, Andreas J. Fallgatter & Christian Stöcker - 2006 - Consciousness and Cognition 15 (2):397-408.
    Previous research has shown that subliminally presented stimuli accelerate or delay responses afforded by supraliminally presented stimuli. Our experiments extend these findings by showing that unconscious stimuli even affect free choices between responses. Thus, actions that are phenomenally experienced as freely chosen are influenced without the actor becoming aware of the manipulation. However, the unconscious influence is limited to a response bias, as participants chose the primed response only in up to 60% of the trials. LRP data in free choice (...)
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  15.  2
    Framing Social Problems in Social Entrepreneurship.Chantal Hervieux & Annika Voltan - 2018 - Journal of Business Ethics 151 (2):279-293.
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  16.  1
    Modification of Brain Oscillations Via Rhythmic Light Stimulation Provides Evidence for Entrainment but Not for Superposition of Event-Related Responses.Annika Notbohm, Jürgen Kurths & Christoph S. Herrmann - 2016 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10.
  17.  9
    Infants’ Understanding of Everyday Social Interactions: A Dual Process Account.Gustaf Gredebäck & Annika Melinder - 2010 - Cognition 114 (2):197-206.
  18. Decision Science: From Ramsey to Dual Process Theories.Nils-Eric Sahlin, Annika Wallin & Johannes Persson - 2010 - Synthese 172 (1):129-143.
    The hypothesis that human reasoning and decision-making can be roughly modeled by Expected Utility Theory has been at the core of decision science. Accumulating evidence has led researchers to modify the hypothesis. One of the latest additions to the field is Dual Process theory, which attempts to explain variance between participants and tasks when it comes to deviations from Expected Utility Theory. It is argued that Dual Process theories at this point cannot replace previous theories, since they, among other things, (...)
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  19. Body, Space and Time-and Their Influences on Trustful Relationships in the Classroom.Annika Lilja - 2013 - Indo-Pacific Journal of Phenomenology: Lifeworld Approach for Empirical Research in Education-the Gothenburg Tradition: Special Edition 1 13:1-10.
  20.  65
    Minimal Varieties of Involutive Residuated Lattices.Constantine Tsinakis & Annika M. Wille - 2006 - Studia Logica 83 (1-3):407-423.
    We establish the existence uncountably many atoms in the subvariety lattice of the variety of involutive residuated lattices. The proof utilizes a construction used in the proof of the corresponding result for residuated lattices and is based on the fact that every residuated lattice with greatest element can be associated in a canonical way with an involutive residuated lattice.
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  21.  23
    Democracy at its Best? The Consensus Conference in a Cross-National Perspective.Annika Porsborg Nielsen, Jesper Lassen & Peter Sandøe - 2007 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 20 (1):13-35.
    Over recent decades, public participation in technology assessment has spread internationally as an attempt to overcome or prevent societal conflicts over controversial technologies. One outcome of this new surge in public consultation initiatives has been the increased use of participatory consensus conferences in a number of countries. Existing evaluations of consensus conferences tend to focus on the modes of organization, as well as the outcomes, both procedural and substantial, of the conferences they examine. Such evaluations seem to rest on the (...)
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  22. Understanding Risk in Forest Ecosystem Services: Implications for Effective Risk Management, Communication and Planning.Kristina Blennow, Johannes Persson, Annika Wallin, Niklas Vareman & Erik Persson - 2014 - Forestry 87:219-228.
    Uncertainty, insufficient information or information of poor quality, limited cognitive capacity and time, along with value conflicts and ethical considerations, are all aspects thatmake risk managementand riskcommunication difficult. This paper provides a review of different risk concepts and describes how these influence risk management, communication and planning in relation to forest ecosystem services. Based on the review and results of empirical studies, we suggest that personal assessment of risk is decisive in the management of forest ecosystem services. The results are (...)
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  23.  12
    Validation of a German Version of the Ethical Leadership at Work Questionnaire by Kalshoven Et Al.Barbara Steinmann, Annika Nübold & Günter W. Maier - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  24.  21
    A Peace Treaty for the Rationality Wars? External Validity and its Relation to Normative and Descriptive Theories of Rationality.Annika Wallin - unknown
    If we know that certain ways of making decisions are associated with real-life success, is this then how we should decide? In this paper the relationship between normative and descriptive theories of decision-making is examined. First, it is shown that the history of the decision sciences ensures that it is impossible to separate descriptive theories from normative ones. Second, recent psychological research implies new ways of arguing from the descriptive to the normative. The paper ends with an evaluation of how (...)
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  25.  4
    Feasibility of Group Schema Therapy for Outpatients with Severe Borderline Personality Disorder in Germany: A Pilot Study with Three Year Follow-Up.Fassbinder Eva, Schuetze Maren, Kranich Annika, Sipos Valerija, Hohagen Fritz, Shaw Ida, Farrell Joan, Arntz Arnoud & Schweiger Ulrich - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  26.  31
    Normal Derivability in Classical Natural Deduction.Jan von Plato & Annika Siders - 2012 - Review of Symbolic Logic 5 (2):205-211.
    A normalization procedure is given for classical natural deduction with the standard rule of indirect proof applied to arbitrary formulas. For normal derivability and the subformula property, it is sufficient to permute down instances of indirect proof whenever they have been used for concluding a major premiss of an elimination rule. The result applies even to natural deduction for classical modal logic.
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  27. Nurses' Attitudes Towards People with Dementia: The Semantic Differential Technique.Karl-Gustaf Norbergh, Yvonne Helin, Annika Dahl, Ove Hellzén & Kenneth Asplund - 2006 - Nursing Ethics 13 (3):264-274.
    One important aspect of the nurse-patient relationship is nurses’ attitudes towards their patients. Nurses’ attitudes towards people with dementia have been studied from a wide range of approaches, but few authors have focused on the structure of these attitudes. This study aimed to identify a structure in licensed practical nurses’ attitudes towards people with dementia. Twenty-one group dwelling units for people with dementia at 11 nursing homes participated in the study. A total of 1 577 assessments of 178 patients were (...)
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  28.  66
    Is Egocentric Bias Evidence for Simulation Theory?Annika Wallin - 2011 - Synthese 178 (3):503-514.
    Revised simulation theory allows mental state attributions containing some or all of the attributor's genuine, non-simulated mental states. It is thought that this gives the revised theory an empirical advantage, because unlike theory theory and rationality theory, it can explain egocentric bias. I challenge this view, arguing that theory theory and rationality theory can explain egocentricity by appealing to heuristic mindreading and the diagnosticity of attributors' own beliefs, and that these explanations are as simple and consistent as those provided by (...)
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  29.  19
    Emergent Programme Theories of a National Quality Register - a Longitudinal Study in Swedish Elderly Care.Annika Nordin, Boel Andersson Gäre & Ann-Christine Andersson - 2017 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 23 (6):1329-1335.
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  30.  10
    Anaesthesia Care of Older Patients as Experienced by Nurse Anaesthetists.Annika Larsson Mauleon, Liisa Palo-Bengtsson & Sirkka-Liisa Ekman - 2005 - Nursing Ethics 12 (3):263-272.
    This article analyses problem situations in the context of anaesthesia care. It considers what it means for nurse anaesthetists to be in problematic situations in the anaesthesia care of older patients. Benner’s interpretive phenomenological approach proved useful for this purpose. Paradigm cases are used to aid the analysis of individual nurses’ experiences. Thirty narrated problematic anaesthesia care situations derived from seven interviews were studied. These show that experienced nurse anaesthetists perceive anaesthesia care as problematic and highly demanding when involving older (...)
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  31.  6
    Investigating Executive Functions in Children with Severe Speech and Movement Disorders Using Structured Tasks.Kristine Stadskleiv, Stephen von Tetzchner, Beata Batorowicz, Hans van Balkom, Annika Dahlgren-Sandberg & Gregor Renner - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  32.  16
    Using Statistical Models of Morphology in the Search for Optimal Units of Representation in the Human Mental Lexicon.Sami Virpioja, Minna Lehtonen, Annika Hultén, Henna Kivikari, Riitta Salmelin & Krista Lagus - 2018 - Cognitive Science 42 (3):939-973.
    Determining optimal units of representing morphologically complex words in the mental lexicon is a central question in psycholinguistics. Here, we utilize advances in computational sciences to study human morphological processing using statistical models of morphology, particularly the unsupervised Morfessor model that works on the principle of optimization. The aim was to see what kind of model structure corresponds best to human word recognition costs for multimorphemic Finnish nouns: a model incorporating units resembling linguistically defined morphemes, a whole-word model, or a (...)
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  33.  2
    Understanding Social Engagement in Autism: Being Different in Perceiving and Sharing Affordances.Annika Hellendoorn - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  34. Schmittian Shadows and Contemporary Theological-Political Constellations.Annika Thiem - 2013 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 80 (1):1-32.
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  35.  2
    Get Out of Here, Quick! Problems with Transparent Labels on Glass Doors.Annika Boldt, Birgit Stürmer, Robert Gaschler, Annekathrin Schacht & Werner Sommer - 2013 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 19 (3):241.
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  36.  19
    Unbecoming Subjects: Judith Butler, Moral Philosophy, and Critical Responsibility.Annika Thiem - 2008 - Fordham University Press.
    Introduction -- Part one : Challenges to the subject -- Subjects in subjection : bodies, desires, and the psychic life of norms -- Moral subjects and agents of morality -- Part two : Responsibility -- Responsibility as response : Levinas and responsibility for others -- Ambivalent desires of responsibility : Laplanche and psychoanalytic translations -- Part three : Critique -- The aporia of critique and the future of moral philosophy -- Critique and political ethics : justice as a question.
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  37.  46
    The Distinction Between Internal and External Validity.Johannes Persson & Annika Wallin - unknown
    Researchers often aim to make correct inferences both about that which is actually studied and about what the results generalize to. The language of internal and external validity is not used by everyone, but many of us would agree that intuitively the distinction makes a lot of sense. Two claims are commonly made with respect to internal and external validity. The first is that internal validity is prior to external validity since there is nothing to generalize if the findings obtained (...)
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  38.  31
    Smart People Who Make Simple Heuristics Work.Annika Wallin & Peter Gärdenfors - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (5):765-765.
    To evaluate the success of simple heuristics we need to know more about how a relevant heuristic is chosen and how we learn which cues are relevant. These meta-abilities are at the core of ecological rationality, rather than the individual heuristics.
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  39.  5
    Rethinking Scientific Responsibility.Annika Forssén, Eivind Meland, Irene Hetlevik & Roger Strand - 2011 - Journal of Medical Ethics 37 (5):299-302.
    Researchers should be made co-responsible for the wider consequences of their research focus and the application of their findings. This paper describes a meta-reflection procedure that can be used as a tool to enhance scientific responsibility and reflective practice. The point of departure is that scientific practice is situated in power relations, has direction and, consequently, power implications. The contextual preconditions and implications of research should be stated and discussed openly. The reflection method aims at revealing both upstream elements, such (...)
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  40.  13
    Actively Open-Minded Thinking: Development of a Shortened Scale and Disentangling Attitudes Towards Knowledge and People.Annika M. Svedholm-Häkkinen & Marjaana Lindeman - 2018 - Thinking and Reasoning 24 (1):21-40.
    Actively open-minded thinking is often used as a proxy for reflective thinking in research on reasoning and related fields. It is associated with less biased reasoning in many types of tasks. However, few studies have examined its psychometric properties and criterion validity. We developed a shortened, 17-item version of the AOT for quicker administration. AOT17 is highly correlated with the original 41-item scale and has highly similar relationships to other thinking dispositions, social competence and supernatural beliefs. Our analyses revealed that (...)
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  41.  54
    Why Internal Validity is Not Prior to External Validity.Johannes Persson & Annika Wallin - unknown
    We show that the common claim that internal validity should be understood as prior to external validity has, at least, three epistemologically problematic aspects: experimental artefacts, the implications of causal relations, and how the mechanism is measured. Each aspect demonstrates how important external validity is for the internal validity of the experimental result.
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  42.  9
    Does Causal Knowledge Help Us Be Faster and More Frugal in Our Decisions?Rocio Garcia-Retamero, Annika Wallin & Anja Dieckmann - unknown
    One challenge that has to be addressed by the fast and frugal heuristics program is how people manage to select, from the abundance of cues that exist in the environment, those to rely on when making decisions. We hypothesize that causal knowledge helps people target particular cues and estimate their validities. This hypothesis was tested in three experiments. Results show that when causal information about some cues was available, participants preferred to search for these cues first and to base their (...)
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  43.  5
    Ein Fortpflanzungsmedizingesetz für Deutschland.Henning M. Beier, Martin Bujard, Klaus Diedrich, Horst Dreier, Helmut Frister, Heribert Kentenich, Hartmut Kreß, Jan-Steffen Krüssel, Annika K. Ludwig, Eva Schumann, Thomas Strowitzki, Jochen Taupitz, Christian J. Thaler, Petra Thorn, Claudia Wiesemann & Hans-Peter Zenner - 2018 - Ethik in der Medizin 30 (2):153-158.
    ZusammenfassungDie rechtliche Regelung der Fortpflanzungsmedizin ist dringend reformbedürftig. Das Embryonenschutzgesetz von 1990 erfasst die neuesten technischen Entwicklungen nicht, ist in manchen Bereichen unstimmig und lückenhaft, setzt die betroffenen Frauen, Paare und Kinder unnötigen gesundheitlichen Risiken aus, erschwert paradoxerweise die Durchsetzung von Kinderrechten und erzeugt Gerechtigkeitsprobleme und Rechtsunsicherheit für die betroffenen Paare und die behandelnden Ärztinnen und Ärzte.Das Embryonenschutzgesetz enthält zudem nur strafrechtliche Verbote. Diese erlauben keine angemessene Reaktion auf die medizinische Entwicklung und den gesellschaftlichen Wandel und werden der Komplexität der (...)
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  44. Involving the Public—Participatory Methods and Democratic Ideals.Annika Porsborg Nielsen, Jesper Lassen & Peter Sandøe - 2004 - Global Bioethics 17 (1):191-201.
  45.  18
    Skepticism: Genuine Unbelief or Implicit Beliefs in the Supernatural?Marjaana Lindeman, Annika M. Svedholm-Häkkinen & Tapani Riekki - 2016 - Consciousness and Cognition 42:216-228.
  46.  18
    From Meehl to Fast and Frugal Heuristics - New Insights Into How to Bridge the Clinical-Actuarial Divide.Konstantinos V. Katsikopoulos, Thorsten Pachur, Edouard Machery & Annika Wallin - unknown
    It is difficult to overestimate Paul Meehl's influence on judgment and decision-making research. His 'disturbing little book' Clinical versus Statistical Prediction: A Theoretical Analysis and a Review of the Evidence is known as an attack on human judgment and a call for replacing clinicians with actuarial methods. More than 40 years later, fast and frugal heuristics - proposed as models of human judgment - were formalized, tested, and found to be surprisingly accurate, often more so than the actuarial models that (...)
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  47.  11
    Science and Proven Experience : A Swedish Variety of Evidence-Based Medicine?Johannes Persson, Niklas Vareman, Annika Wallin, Lena Wahlberg & Nils-Eric Sahlin - unknown
    A key question for evidence-based medicine is how best to model the way in which EBM should “[integrate] individual clinical expertise and the best external evidence”. We argue that the formulations and models available in the literature today are modest variations on a common theme and face very similar problems. For example, both the early and updated models of evidence-based clinical decisions presented in Haynes, Devereaux and Guyatt assume that EBM consists of, among other things, evidence from clinical research and (...)
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  48.  10
    Against Boredom : 17 Essays on Ignorance, Values, Creativity, Metaphysics, Decision-Making, Truth, Preference, Art, Processes, Ramsey, Ethics, Rationality, Validity, Human Ills, Science, and Eternal Life to Nils-Eric Sahlin on the Occasion of His 60th Birthday. [REVIEW]Johannes Persson, Göran Hermerén & Eva Sjöstrand - unknown
    in Undetermined Table d’Hôte Ingar Brinck: Investigating the development of creativity: The Sahlin hypothesis 7 Linus Broström: Known unknowns and proto-second-personal address in photographic art 25 Johan Brännmark: Critical moral thinking without moral theory 33 Martin Edman: Vad är ett missförhållande? 43 Pascal Engel: Rambling on the value of truth 51 Peter Gärdenfors: Ambiguity in decision making and the fear of being fooled 75 Göran Hermerén: NIPT: Ethical aspects 89 Mats Johansson: Roboethics: What problems should be addressed and why? 103 (...)
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  49.  13
    From Meehl to Fast and Frugal Heuristics : New Insights Into How to Bridge the Clinical–Actuarial Divide.Katsikopoulos Konstantinos, Pachur Thorsten, Machery Eduard & Annika Wallin - unknown
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  50.  2
    Nursing Assistants Matters-An Ethnographic Study of Knowledge Sharing in Interprofessional Practice.Annika Lindh Falk, Håkan Hult, Mats Hammar, Nick Hopwood & Madeleine Abrandt Dahlgren - 2018 - Nursing Inquiry 25 (2):e12216.
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