Results for 'Anterior cingulate'

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  1.  49
    The anterior cingulate cortex, akinetic mutism, and human volition.Paul E. Tibbetts - 2001 - Brain and Mind 2 (3):323-341.
    The anterior cingulate cortex (ACC)has been identified as part of a supervisoryattentional network for selecting alternativemotor programs in response to top-down corticalprocessing, particularly in situationsinvolving conflicting cognitive tasks.Bilateral lesions to the ACC may be causallyassociated with akinetic mutism, where patientsare unable to voluntarily initiate responses.The clinical and neuroanatomical evidence forthis presumed causal association is examined atlength. However, given the many reciprocalprojections between cerebral, motor, limbic andparalimbic structures within the executivesupervisory network, the association ofvoluntary behavior with a particular structure(the (...)
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  2.  38
    Dorsal anterior cingulate cortex modulates supplementary motor area in coordinated unimanual motor behavior.Avisa Asemi, Karthik Ramaseshan, Ashley Burgess, Vaibhav A. Diwadkar & Steven L. Bressler - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  3.  45
    The Role of the Anterior Cingulate Cortex in Prediction Error and Signaling Surprise.William H. Alexander & Joshua W. Brown - 2019 - Topics in Cognitive Science 11 (1):119-135.
    In the past two decades, reinforcement learning has become a popular framework for understanding brain function. A key component of RL models, prediction error, has been associated with neural signals throughout the brain, including subcortical nuclei, primary sensory cortices, and prefrontal cortex. Depending on the location in which activity is observed, the functional interpretation of prediction error may change: Prediction errors may reflect a discrepancy in the anticipated and actual value of reward, a signal indicating the salience or novelty of (...)
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  4.  77
    Anterior cingulate cortex-related connectivity in first-episode schizophrenia: a spectral dynamic causal modeling study with functional magnetic resonance imaging.Long-Biao Cui, Jian Liu, Liu-Xian Wang, Chen Li, Yi-Bin Xi, Fan Guo, Hua-Ning Wang, Lin-Chuan Zhang, Wen-Ming Liu, Hong He, Ping Tian, Hong Yin & Hongbing Lu - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
    Understanding the neural basis of schizophrenia (SZ) is important for shedding light on the neurobiological mechanisms underlying this mental disorder. Structural and functional alterations in the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC), dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC), hippocampus, and medial prefrontal cortex (MPFC) have been implicated in the neurobiology of SZ. However, the effective connectivity among them in SZ remains unclear. The current study investigated how neuronal pathways involving these regions were affected in first-episode SZ using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). (...)
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  5. Conflict monitoring and anterior cingulate cortex: an update.Matthew M. Botvinick, Jonathan D. Cohen & Cameron S. Carter - 2004 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 8 (12):539-546.
    One hypothesis concerning the human dorsal anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) is that it functions, in part, to signal the occurrence of conflicts in information processing, thereby triggering compensatory adjustments in cognitive control. Since this idea was first proposed, a great deal of relevant empirical evidence has accrued. This evidence has largely corroborated the conflict-monitoring hypothesis, and some very recent work has provided striking new support for the theory. At the same time, other findings have posed specific challenges, especially (...)
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  6. Anterior cingulate cortex participates in the conscious experience of emotion.Richard D. R. Lane, Ahern E., Schwartz G. & Yun G. E. - 1998 - In Stuart R. Hameroff, Alfred W. Kaszniak & Alwyn Scott (eds.), Toward a Science of Consciousness II: The Second Tucson Discussions and Debates. MIT Press.
  7.  21
    Anterior cingulate cortex and the expected value of control.Shenhav Amitai, Botvinick Matthew & Cohen Jonathan - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  8.  33
    Dorsal Anterior Cingulate Cortices Differentially Lateralize Prediction Errors and Outcome Valence in a Decision-Making Task.Alexander R. Weiss, Martin J. Gillies, Marios G. Philiastides, Matthew A. Apps, Miles A. Whittington, James J. FitzGerald, Sandra G. Boccard, Tipu Z. Aziz & Alexander L. Green - 2018 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 12.
  9.  10
    Significance of the anterior cingulate cortex in neurogenesis plasticity: Connections, functions, and disorders across postnatal and adult stages.Moawiah M. Naffaa - 2024 - Bioessays 46 (3):2300160.
    The anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) is a complex and continually evolving brain region that remains a primary focus of research due to its multifaceted functions. Various studies and analyses have significantly advanced our understanding of how the ACC participates in a wide spectrum of memory and cognitive processes. However, despite its strong connections to brain areas associated with hippocampal and olfactory neurogenesis, the functions of the ACC in regulating postnatal and adult neurogenesis in these regions are still insufficiently (...)
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  10. Emotional processing in anterior cingulate and medial prefrontal cortex.Amit Etkin, Tobias Egner & Raffael Kalisch - 2011 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 15 (2):85-93.
  11.  36
    22 Anterior Cingulate Cortex Participates in the Conscious Experience of Emotion Richard D. Lane, Eric M. Reiman, Geoffrey L. Ahern, Gary E. Schwartz, Richard J. Davidson. [REVIEW]Beatrice Axelrod & Lang-Sheng Yun - 1998 - In Stuart R. Hameroff, Alfred W. Kaszniak & Alwyn Scott (eds.), Toward a Science of Consciousness II: The Second Tucson Discussions and Debates. MIT Press. pp. 2--247.
  12.  24
    Intentional communication and the anterior cingulate cortex.Oana Benga - 2005 - Interaction Studies 6 (2):201-221.
    This paper presents arguments for considering the anterior cingulate cortex as a critical structure in intentional communication. Different facets of intentionality are discussed in relationship to this neural structure. The macrostructural and microstructural characteristics of ACC are proposed to sustain the uniqueness of its architecture, as an overlap region of cognitive, affective and motor components. At the functional level, roles played by this region in communication include social bonding in mammals, control of vocalization in humans, semantic and syntactic (...)
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  13.  10
    Intentional communication and the anterior cingulate cortex.Oana Benga - 2005 - Interaction Studies. Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies / Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies 6 (2):201-221.
    This paper presents arguments for considering the anterior cingulate cortex as a critical structure in intentional communication. Different facets of intentionality are discussed in relationship to this neural structure. The macrostructural and microstructural characteristics of ACC are proposed to sustain the uniqueness of its architecture, as an overlap region of cognitive, affective and motor components. At the functional level, roles played by this region in communication include social bonding in mammals, control of vocalization in humans, semantic and syntactic (...)
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  14. Cognitive and emotional influences in anterior cingulate cortex.George Bush, Phan Luu & Michael I. Posner - 2000 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 4 (6):215-222.
    Anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) is a part of the brain's limbic system. Classically, this region has been related to affect, on the basis of lesion studies in humans and in animals. In the late 1980s, neuroimaging research indicated that ACC was active in many studies of cognition. The findings from EEG studies of a focal area of negativity in scalp electrodes following an error response led to the idea that ACC might be the brain's error detection and correction (...)
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  15.  23
    Theories of anterior cingulate cortex function: Opportunity cost.Clay B. Holroyd - 2013 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (6):693-694.
    The target article highlights the role of the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) in conflict monitoring, but ACC function may be better understood in terms of the hierarchical organization of behavior. This proposal suggests that the ACC selects extended goal-directed actions according to their learned costs and benefits and executes those behaviors subject to depleting resources.
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  16.  23
    Effects of anterior cingulate lesions on sequential behaviors.N. R. Remley, D. C. Wilson & G. L. Snethern - 1981 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 18 (6):334-336.
  17.  45
    The Dorsal Anterior Cingulate Cortex Modulates Dialectical Self-Thinking.Fei Wang, Kaiping Peng, Yang Bai, Rui Li, Ying Zhu, Pei Sun, Hua Guo, Chun Yuan, Pia Rotshtein & Jie Sui - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  18.  41
    Nonconscious processing, anterior cingulate, and catatonia.Rajendra D. Badgaiyan - 2002 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (5):578-579.
    A composite cognitive model of a neuropsychiatric condition should integrate clinical symptoms with the impairments of cognitive information processing. A model of catatonia, for example, should emphasize deficits of nonconscious information processing that impair a patient's ability to use implicit motor feedback for execution and termination of a voluntary motor activity.
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  19.  13
    Unit activity of anterior cingulate cortex in differential conditioning and reversal.Michael Gabriel, Steven E. Saltwick & Joseph D. Miller - 1977 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 9 (3):207-210.
  20. Cognitive and emotional influences in anterior cingulate cortex.Bush G., Luu P. & Posner Mi - 2000 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 4 (6):215-220.
    Anterior cingulate cortex {ACC} is a part of the brain's limbic system. Classically, this region has been related to affect, on the basis of lession studies in human and in animals. In the late 1980s, neuroimaging research indicated that ACC was active in many studies of cognition. The finding from EEG studies of a focal area of negativity in scalp electrodes following an error response led to the idea that ACC might be the brain's error detection and correction (...)
     
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  21.  38
    GABA Concentrations in the Anterior Cingulate Cortex Are Associated with Fear Network Function and Fear Recovery in Humans.Nina Levar, Judith M. C. van Leeuwen, Nicolaas A. J. Puts, Damiaan Denys & Guido A. van Wingen - 2017 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 11.
  22.  13
    Anodal Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation of Anterior Cingulate Cortex Modulates Subcortical Brain Regions Resulting in Cognitive Enhancement.Ahsan Khan, Xin Wang, Chun Hang Eden Ti, Chun-Yu Tse & Kai-Yu Tong - 2020 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
    Transcranial direct current stimulation has been widely utilized in research settings and modulates brain activity. The application of anodal tDCS on the prefrontal cortex has indicated improvement in cognitive functioning. The cingulate cortex, situated in the medial aspect of the prefrontal cortex, has been identified as a core region performing cognitive functions. Most of the previous studies investigating the impact of stimulation on the prefrontal cortex stimulated the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, however, the impact of stimulation on cingulate has (...)
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  23.  90
    Short-term meditation increases blood flow in anterior cingulate cortex and insula.Yi-Yuan Tang, Qilin Lu, Hongbo Feng, Rongxiang Tang & Michael I. Posner - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  24. Motivation of extended behaviors by anterior cingulate cortex.Clay B. Holroyd & Nick Yeung - 2012 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 16 (2):122-128.
  25.  25
    The level of frontal-temporal beta-2 band EEG synchronization distinguishes anterior cingulate cortex from other frontal regions.M. Kukleta, P. Bob, M. Brázdil, R. Roman & I. Rektor - 2010 - Consciousness and Cognition 19 (4):879-886.
    Recent findings indicate that complex cognitive functions are organized at a global level in the brain and rely on large-scale information processing requiring functional integration of multiple disparate neural assemblies. The critical question of the integration of distributed brain activities is whether the essential integrative role can be attributed to a specific structure in the brain or whether this ability is inherent to the cognitive network as a whole. The results of the present study show that mean values of the (...)
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  26.  19
    Spatial and Temporal Distribution of Information Processing in the Human Dorsal Anterior Cingulate Cortex.Conor Keogh, Alceste Deli, Amir Puyan Divanbeighi Zand, Mark Jernej Zorman, Sandra G. Boccard-Binet, Matthew Parrott, Charalampos Sigalas, Alexander R. Weiss, John Frederick Stein, James J. FitzGerald, Tipu Z. Aziz, Alexander L. Green & Martin John Gillies - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    The dorsal anterior cingulate cortex is a key node in the human salience network. It has been ascribed motor, pain-processing and affective functions. However, the dynamics of information flow in this complex region and how it responds to inputs remain unclear and are difficult to study using non-invasive electrophysiology. The area is targeted by neurosurgery to treat neuropathic pain. During deep brain stimulation surgery, we recorded local field potentials from this region in humans during a decision-making task requiring (...)
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  27.  28
    Persisting through subjective effort: A key role for the anterior cingulate cortex?Kristin L. Hillman & David K. Bilkey - 2013 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (6):691-692.
    One shortcoming of Kurzban et al.'s model is that it is not clear how animals persist through subjectively effortful tasks, particularly over a long time course. We suggest that the anterior cingulate cortex plays a critical role by encoding the utility of an action, and signalling where efforts should be best directed based on previous and prospected experience.
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  28.  23
    The effects of neurochemical balance in the anterior cingulate cortex and dorsolateral prefrontal cortex on volitional control under irrelevant distraction.Ai Koizumi, Hakwan Lau, Yasuhiro Shimada & Hirohito M. Kondo - 2018 - Consciousness and Cognition 59:104-111.
  29.  15
    Meditation reduces pain-related neural activity in the anterior cingulate cortex, insula, secondary somatosensory cortex, and thalamus.Hiroki Nakata, Kiwako Sakamoto & Ryusuke Kakigi - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  30.  16
    Evidence for a close relationship between conscious effort and anterior cingulate cortex activity.Christoph Mulert, Elisabeth Menzinger, Gregor Leicht, Oliver Pogarell & Ulrich Hegerl - 2005 - International Journal of Psychophysiology 56 (1):65-80.
  31.  43
    Depressive symptoms related to low fractional anisotropy of white matter underlying the right ventral anterior cingulate in older adults with atherosclerotic vascular disease.Kelly R. Bijanki, Joy T. Matsui, Helen S. Mayberg, Vincent A. Magnotta, Stephan Arndt, Hans J. Johnson, Peg Nopoulos, Sergio Paradiso, Laurie M. McCormick, Jess G. Fiedorowicz, Eric A. Epping & David J. Moser - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  32.  17
    Dysfunctional Activation and Brain Network Profiles in Youth with Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: A Focus on the Dorsal Anterior Cingulate during Working Memory.Vaibhav A. Diwadkar, Ashley Burgess, Ella Hong, Carrie Rix, Paul D. Arnold, Gregory L. Hanna & David R. Rosenberg - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  33.  35
    Outcome Uncertainty and Brain Activity Aberrance in the Insula and Anterior Cingulate Cortex Are Associated with Dysfunctional Impulsivity in Borderline Personality Disorder.Jørgen Assar Mortensen, Hallvard Røe Evensmoen, Gunilla Klensmeden & Asta Kristine Håberg - 2016 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10.
  34.  30
    Impaired rapid error monitoring but intact error signaling following rostral anterior cingulate cortex lesions in humans.Martin E. Maier, Francesco Di Gregorio, Teresa Muricchio & Giuseppe Di Pellegrino - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  35.  15
    Children With Dyslexia and Typical Readers: Sex-Based Choline Differences Revealed Using Proton Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy Acquired Within Anterior Cingulate Cortex.Tzipi Horowitz-Kraus, Kelly J. Brunst & Kim M. Cecil - 2018 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 12.
  36.  51
    A pain by any other name (rejection, exclusion, ostracism) still hurts the same: The role of dorsal anterior cingulate cortex in social and physical pain.Matthew D. Lieberman & Naomi I. Eisenberger - 2006 - In John T. Cacioppo, Penny S. Visser & Cynthia L. Pickett (eds.), Social Neuroscience: People Thinking About Thinking People. MIT Press.
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  37.  22
    Reproducibility of Neurochemical Profile Quantification in Pregenual Cingulate, Anterior Midcingulate, and Bilateral Posterior Insular Subdivisions Measured at 3 Tesla.Nuno M. P. de Matos, Lukas Meier, Michael Wyss, Dieter Meier, Andreas Gutzeit, Dominik A. Ettlin & Mike Brügger - 2016 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10.
  38. Posterior cingulate, precuneal and retrosplenial cortices: Cytology and components of the neural network correlates of consciousness.B. A. Vogt & Steven Laureys - 2006 - In Steven Laureys (ed.), Boundaries of Consciousness. Elsevier.
    Neuronal aggregates involved in conscious awareness are not evenly distributed throughout the CNS but comprise key components referred to as the neural network correlates of consciousness (NNCC). A critical node in this network is the posterior cingulate, precuneal, and retrosplenial cortices. The cytological and neurochemical composition of this region is reviewed in relation to the Brodmann map. This region has the highest level of cortical glucose metabolism and cytochrome c oxidase activity. Monkey studies suggest that the anterior thalamic (...)
     
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  39.  9
    Cingulate and thalamic metabolites in obsessive-compulsive disorder.Joseph O'Neill, Tsz M. Lai, Courtney Sheen, Giulia C. Salgari, Ronald Ly, Casey Armstrong, Susanna Chang, Jennifer G. Levitt, Noriko Salamon, Jeffry R. Alger & Jamie D. Feusner - unknown
    Focal brain metabolic effects detected by proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) represent prospective indices of clinical status and guides to treatment design. Sampling bilateral pregenual anterior cingulate cortex (pACC), anterior middle cingulate cortex (aMCC), and thalamus in 40 adult patients and 16 healthy controls, we examined relationships of the neurometabolites glutamate+glutamine (Glx), creatine+phosphocreatine (Cr), and choline-compounds (Cho) with OCD diagnosis and multiple symptom types. The latter included OC core symptoms (Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale (...)
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  40.  70
    Contrasting roles for cingulate and orbitofrontal cortex in decisions and social behaviour.M. F. S. Rushworth, T. E. J. Behrens, P. H. Rudebeck & M. E. Walton - 2007 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 11 (4):168-176.
    There is general acknowledgement that both the anterior cingulate and orbitofrontal cortex are implicated in reinforcement-guided decision making, and emotion and social behaviour. Despite the interest that these areas generate in both the cognitive neuroscience laboratory and the psychiatric clinic, ideas about the distinctive contributions made by each have only recently begun to emerge. This reflects an increasing understanding of the component processes that underlie reinforcement- guided decision making, such as the representation of reinforcement expectations, the exploration, updating (...)
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  41.  10
    Effects of Sub-threshold Transcutaneous Auricular Vagus Nerve Stimulation on Cingulate Cortex and Insula Resting-state Functional Connectivity.Yixiang Mao, Conan Chen, Maryam Falahpour, Kelly H. MacNiven, Gary Heit, Vivek Sharma, Konstantinos Alataris & Thomas T. Liu - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Transcutaneous auricular vagus nerve stimulation, a non-invasive alternative to vagus nerve stimulation with implantable devices, has shown promise in treating disorders such as depression, migraine, and insomnia. Studies of these disorders with resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging have found sustained changes in resting-state functional connectivity in patients treated with low frequency taVNS. A recent study has reported reductions in pain scores in patients with rheumatoid arthritis after a 12-week treatment of high-frequency sub-threshold taVNS. However, no studies to date have examined (...)
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  42.  33
    COMT Val158Met genotypes differentially influence subgenual cingulate functional connectivity in healthy females.Chris Baeken, Daniele Marinazzo, Stephan Claes, Guo-Rong Wu, Peter Van Schuerbeek, Johan De Mey, Robert Luypaert & Rudi De Raedt - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8:91612.
    Brain imaging studies have consistently shown subgenual Anterior Cingulate Cortical (sgACC) involvement in emotion processing. COMT Val158 and Met158 polymorphisms may influence such emotional brain processes in specific ways. Given that resting-state fMRI (rsfMRI) may increase our understanding on brain functioning, we integrated genetic and rsfMRI data and focused on sgACC functional connections. No studies have yet investigated the influence of the COMT Val158Met polymorphism (rs4680) on sgACC resting-state functional connectivity (rsFC) in healthy individuals. A homogeneous group of (...)
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  43.  98
    Investigating the Precise Localization of the Grasping Action in the Mid-Cingulate Cortex and Future Directions.Zebunnessa Rahman, Nicholas W. G. Murray, Jacint Sala-Padró, Melissa Bartley, Mark Dexter, Victor S. C. Fung, Neil Mahant, Andrew Fabian Bleasel & Chong H. Wong - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    ObjectiveTo prospectively study the cingulate cortex for the localization and role of the grasping action in humans during electrical stimulation of depth electrodes.MethodsAll the patients with intractable focal epilepsy and a depth electrode stereotactically placed in the cingulate cortex, as part of their pre-surgical epilepsy evaluation from 2015 to 2017, were included. Cortical stimulation was performed and examined for grasping actions. Post-implantation volumetric T1 MRIs were co-registered to determine the exact electrode position.ResultsFive patients exhibited contralateral grasping actions during (...)
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  44.  6
    Brain Response to a Knee Proprioception Task Among Persons With Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction and Controls.Andrew Strong, Helena Grip, Carl-Johan Boraxbekk, Jonas Selling & Charlotte K. Häger - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Knee proprioception deficits and neuroplasticity have been indicated following injury to the anterior cruciate ligament. Evidence is, however, scarce regarding brain response to knee proprioception tasks and the impact of ACL injury. This study aimed to identify brain regions associated with the proprioceptive sense of joint position at the knee and whether the related brain response of individuals with ACL reconstruction differed from that of asymptomatic controls. Twenty-one persons with unilateral ACL reconstruction of either the right or left knee, (...)
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  45.  29
    Mózg a wiara. Neuronalne korelaty przekonań religijnych.Magdalena Senderecka - 2016 - Zagadnienia Filozoficzne W Nauce 61:165-188.
    Are there brain differences between believers and nonbelievers? In order to investigate the effect of religious beliefs on cognitive control, Michael Inzlicht and his collaborators measured the neural correlates of performance monitoring and affective responses to errors, specifically, the error-related negativity. ERN is a neurophysiological marker occurring within 100 ms of error commission, and generated in the anterior cingulate cortex. The researchers observed that religious conviction is marked by reduced reactivity in the ACC, a cortical system that is (...)
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  46. Resting state glutamate predicts elevated pre-stimulus alpha during self-relatedness: A combined EEG-MRS study on 'rest-self' overlap.Yu Bai, Timothy Lane, Georg Northoff & et al - 2015 - Social Neuroscience:DOI:10.1080/17470919.2015.107258.
    Recent studies have demonstrated neural overlap between resting state activity and self-referential processing. This “rest-self” overlap occurs especially in anterior cortical midline structures like the perigenual anterior cingulate cortex (PACC). However, the exact neurotemporal and biochemical mechanisms remain to be identified. Therefore, we conducted a combined electroencephalography (EEG)-magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) study. EEG focused on pre-stimulus (e.g., prior to stimulus presentation or perception) power changes to assess the degree to which those changes can predict subjects’ perception (and (...)
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  47. The Neuronal Correlates of Indeterminate Sentence Comprehension: An fMRI Study.Roberto G. de Almeida, Levi Riven, Christina Manouilidou, Ovidiu Lungu, Veena D. Dwivedi, Gonia Jarema & Brendan Gillon - 2016 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10:178942.
    Sentences such as "The author started the book" are indeterminate because they do not make explicit what the subject (the author) started doing with the object (the book). In principle, indeterminate sentences allow for an infinite number of interpretations. One theory, however, assumes that these sentences are resolved by semantic coercion, a linguistic process that forces the noun "book" to be interpreted as an activity (e.g., writing the book) or by a process that interpolates this activity information in the resulting (...)
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  48.  15
    Childhood Threat Is Associated With Lower Resting-State Connectivity Within a Central Visceral Network.Layla Banihashemi, Christine W. Peng, Anusha Rangarajan, Helmet T. Karim, Meredith L. Wallace, Brandon M. Sibbach, Jaspreet Singh, Mark M. Stinley, Anne Germain & Howard J. Aizenstein - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13:805049.
    Childhood adversity is associated with altered or dysregulated stress reactivity; these altered patterns of physiological functioning persist into adulthood. Evidence from both preclinical animal models and human neuroimaging studies indicates that early life experience differentially influences stressor-evoked activity within central visceral neural circuits proximally involved in the control of stress responses, including the subgenual anterior cingulate cortex (sgACC), paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus (PVN), bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BNST) and amygdala. However, the relationship between childhood adversity (...)
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  49.  20
    Brain and faith. Neural correlates of religious beliefs.Magdalena Senderecka - 2016 - Philosophical Problems in Science 61:165-188.
    Are there brain differences between believers and nonbelievers? In order to investigate the effect of religious beliefs on cognitive control, Michael Inzlicht and his collaborators measured the neural correlates of performance monitoring and affective responses to errors, specifically, the error-related negativity. ERN is a neurophysiological marker occurring within 100 ms of error commission, and generated in the anterior cingulate cortex. The researchers observed that religious conviction is marked by reduced reactivity in the ACC, a cortical system that is (...)
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  50. Minding mammals.Adam Shriver - 2006 - Philosophical Psychology 19 (4):433-442.
    Many traditional attempts to show that nonhuman animals are deserving of moral consideration have taken the form of an argument by analogy. However, arguments of this kind have had notable weaknesses and, in particular, have not been able to convince two kinds of skeptics. One of the most important weaknesses of these arguments is that they fail to provide theoretical justifications for why particular physiological similarities should be considered relevant. This paper examines recent empirical research on pain and, in particular, (...)
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