Results for 'Anthropomorphism'

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  1. Anthropomorphism and Analogy in Psychology.Kathleen V. Wilkes - 1975 - Philosophical Quarterly 25 (April):126-137.
    This article defends psychology and psychoanalysis against the accusation that their use of anthropomorphism in descriptions of brain and mind reintroduces the 'little man in the brain' and generates a viciously circular analysis. It queries the clarity of the concept 'anthropomorphic', And argues that many predicates which are allegedly 'characteristically human' are freely and literally attributable to machines, Parts of the brain, Etc.; this merely points out the unsurprising fact that non-Humans often perform tasks which humans can also perform. (...)
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    Critical Anthropomorphism and Animal Ethics.Fredrik Karlsson - 2012 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 25 (5):707-720.
    Anthropomorphism has long been considered a cardinal error when describing animals. Ethicists have feared the consequences of misrepresenting animals in their reasoning. Recent research within human- animal studies, however, has sophisticated the notion of anthropomorphism. It is suggested that avoiding anthropomorphism merely creates other morphisms, such as mechanomorphism. Instead of avoiding anthropomorphism, it is argued that it is a communicative strategy that should be used critically. Instances of anthropomorphism in animal ethics are analyzed in this (...)
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  3.  54
    Anthropomorphism and Anthropomorphic Selection—Beyond the "Cute Response".James A. Serpell - 2002 - Society and Animals 10 (4):437-454.
    This article explores the origin and evolutionary implications of anthropomorphism in the context of our relationships with animal companions. On the human side, anthropomorphic thinking enables animal companions' social behavior to be construed in human terms, thereby allowing these nonhuman animals to function for their human owners or guardians as providers of nonhuman social support. Absence of social support is known to be detrimental to human health and well being. Therefore, anthropomorphism and its corollary, pet keeping, have obvious (...)
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  4.  39
    Beyond Anthropomorphism: Attributing Psychological Properties to Animals.Kristin Andrews - 2011 - In Tom Beauchamp & R. G. Frey (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Animal Ethics,. Oxford University Press. pp. 469-494.
    In the context of animal cognitive research, anthropomorphism is defined as the attribution of uniquely human mental characteristics to animals. Those who worry about anthropomorphism in research, however, are immediately confronted with the question of which properties are uniquely human. One might think that researchers must first hypothesize the existence of a feature in an animal before they can, with warrant, claim that the property is uniquely human. But all too often, this isn't the approach. Rather, there is (...)
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  5.  7
    The Possible Role of Companion-Animal Anthropomorphism and Social Support in the Physical and Psychological Health of Dog Guardians.Timothy A. Pychyl & Nikolina M. Duvall Antonacopoulos - 2010 - Society and Animals 18 (4):379-395.
    While previous research suggests that individuals who humanize their companion animals may have insufficient human social support , researchers have not examined the relation between companion-animal anthropomorphism and the health of animal guardians while taking into consideration their human social support levels. It was hypothesized that dog guardians with low levels of human social support would have poorer health if they engaged in high rather than low levels of anthropomorphism, while the health of dog guardians with high levels (...)
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  6.  54
    Anthropomorphism, Anthropectomy, and the Null Hypothesis.Kristin Andrews & Brian Huss - 2014 - Biology and Philosophy 29 (5):711-729.
    We examine the claim that the methodology of psychology leads to a bias in animal cognition research against attributing “anthropomorphic” properties to animals . This charge is examined in light of a debate on the role of folk psychology between primatologists who emphasize similarities between humans and other apes, and those who emphasize differences. We argue that while in practice there is sometimes bias, either in the formulation of the null hypothesis or in the preference of Type-II errors over Type-I (...)
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  7.  8
    Anthropomorphism & Anthropectomy as Friendly Competitors.Caleb Dewey - forthcoming - Philosophical Psychology:1-22.
    Principles help comparative psychologists select from among multiple hypotheses that account for the data. Anthropomorphic principles select hypotheses that have the most human–animal similarities while anthropectic principles select hypotheses that have the most human–animal differences. I argue that there is no way for the comparative psychologist on their own to justify their selection of one principle over the other. However, the comparative psychologist can justify their selection of one principle over the other in virtue of being members of comparative psychology (...)
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  8.  51
    Anthropomorphism.Sarah Stebbins - 1993 - Philosophical Studies 69 (2-3):113-122.
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  9.  17
    Why so FURious? Rebuttal of Dr. Fiona Probyn-Rapsey's Response to Gerbasi Et Al.'S Furries From A to Z (Anthropomorphism to Zoomorphism)”.Kathleen C. Gerbasi, Laura L. Scaletta, C. Nuka Plante & Penny L. Bernstein - 2011 - Society and Animals 19 (3):302-304.
    This is a rebuttal to Fiona Probyn-Rapsey’s criticisms of the original furry research conducted in 2006 and published in 2008. Her focus on gender identity disorder misses the main point of the study, which was that it was the first empirical study to collect data scientifically and report findings on the furry fandom, an often misrepresented subculture.
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  10.  33
    Comments on Anthropomorphism.David R. Hilbert - 1993 - Philosophical Studies 69 (2-3):123-127.
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  11.  23
    The Agency Theory of Causality, Anthropomorphism, and Simultaneity.Marco Buzzoni - 2014 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 28 (4):375-395.
    The purpose of this article is to examine two important issues concerning the agency theory of causality: the charge of anthropomorphism and the relation of simultaneous causation. After a brief outline of the agency theory, sections 2–4 contain the refutation of the three main forms in which the charge of anthropomorphism is to be found in the literature. It will appear that it is necessary to distinguish between the subjective and the objective aspect of the concept of causation. (...)
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  12.  23
    Anthropomorphism, Parsimony, and Common Ancestry.Elliott Sober - 2012 - Mind and Language 27 (3):229-238.
    I consider three theses that are friendly to anthropomorphism. Each makes a claim about what can be inferred about the mental life of chimpanzees from the fact that humans and chimpanzees both have behavioral trait B and humans produce this behavior by having mental trait M. The first thesis asserts that this fact makes it probable that chimpanzees have M. The second says that this fact provides strong evidence that chimpanzees have M. The third claims that the fact is (...)
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  13.  24
    Encountering Anthropomorphism.Richard Allen & S. May - unknown
    On Anthropomorphism concerns itself with performances and artworks that explore the complex of interesting and mutually contradictory ideas located under the umbrella term, ‘anthropomorphism’. On the one hand, it is used to refer to something that resembles a human, and on the other hand it refers to our natural tendency to read human characteristics in the non-human object or animal. Moreover, an interrogation of the concept of anthropomorphism, especially as it is found in contemporary performance, suggests that (...)
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  14. Anthropomorphism: A Definition and a Theory.Stewart E. Guthrie - 1997 - In R. Mitchell, Nicholas S. Thompson & H. L. Miles (eds.), Anthropomorphism, Anecdotes, and Animals. Suny Press. pp. 50--58.
     
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  15.  48
    Anthropomorphism, Primatomorphism, Mammalomorphism: Understanding Cross-Species Comparisons.Brian L. Keeley - 2004 - Biology and Philosophy 19 (4):521-540.
    The charge that anthropomorphizing nonhuman animals is a fallacy is itself largely misguided and mythic. Anthropomorphism in the study of animal behavior is placed in its original, theological context. Having set the historical stage, I then discuss its relationship to a number of other, related issues: the role of anecdotal evidence, the taxonomy of related anthropomorphic claims, its relationship to the attribution of psychological states in general, and the nature of the charge of anthropomorphism as a categorical claim. (...)
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  16.  46
    Anthropomorphism, Anecdotes, and Animals.R. Mitchell, Nicholas S. Thompson & H. L. Miles (eds.) - 1997 - SUNY Press.
    This is the first book to evaluate the significance and usefulness of the practices of anthropomorphism and anecdotalism for understanding animals.
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  17.  3
    Anthropomorphism and Anthropomorphic Selection—Beyond the "Cute Response".James Serpell - 2003 - Society and Animals 11 (1):83-100.
    This article explores the origin and evolutionary implications of anthropomorphism in the context of our relationships with animal companions. On the human side, anthropomorphic thinking enables animal companions' social behavior to be construed in human terms, thereby allowing these nonhuman animals to function for their human owners or guardians as providers of nonhuman social support. Absence of social support is known to be detrimental to human health and well being. Therefore, anthropomorphism and its corollary, pet keeping, have obvious (...)
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  18.  79
    Anthropomorphism in Science.Joseph Agassi - manuscript
    ANTHROPOMORPHISM is an inveterate tendency to project human qualities into natural phenomena—consciously or not. The standard and most important variant of anthropomorphism is animism which sees a soul in everything in nature. Before entering into the role of anthropomorphism in the history of science, let us consider a few important and usually neglected logical aspects of the idea.
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  19. Anthropomorphism and Anecdotes: A Guide for the Perplexed.Robert W. Mitchell - 1997 - In R. Mitchell, Nicholas S. Thompson & H. L. Miles (eds.), Anthropomorphism, Anecdotes, and Animals. Suny Press. pp. 407--427.
     
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  20. Anecdote, Anthropomorphism, and Animal Behavior.Bernard E. Rollin - 1997 - In R. Mitchell, Nicholas S. Thompson & H. L. Miles (eds.), Anthropomorphism, Anecdotes, and Animals. Suny Press. pp. 125--33.
     
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  21. Conditioned Anti-Anthropomorphism.Colin Allen - unknown
    How should scientists react to anthropomorphism (defined for the purposes of this paper as the attribution of mental states or properties to nonhuman animals)? Many thoughtful scientists have attempted to accommodate some measure of anthropomorphism in their approaches to animal behavior. But Wynne will have none of it. We reject his argument against anthropomorphism and argue that he does not pay sufficient attention to the historical facts or to the details of alternative approaches.
     
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  22. Anthropomorphism, Apes, and Language.H. Lyn Miles - 1997 - In R. Mitchell, Nicholas S. Thompson & H. L. Miles (eds.), Anthropomorphism, Anecdotes, and Animals. Suny Press. pp. 383--404.
     
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  23. Amorphism, Mechanomorphism, and Anthropomorphism.Emanuela Cenami Spada - 1997 - In R. Mitchell, Nicholas S. Thompson & H. L. Miles (eds.), Anthropomorphism, Anecdotes, and Animals. Suny Press.
     
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  24. Why Anthropomorphism is Not Metaphor: Crossing Concepts and Cultures in Animal Behavior Studies.Pamela J. Asquith - 1997 - In R. Mitchell, Nicholas S. Thompson & H. L. Miles (eds.), Anthropomorphism, Anecdotes, and Animals. Suny Press. pp. 22--34.
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  25.  27
    Development, Purpose, and the Spectre of Anthropomorphism: Sundry Comments on T. L. Short's Peirce's Theory of Signs.Mats Bergman - 2007 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 43 (4):601 - 609.
    T. L. Short's Peirce's Theory of Signs offers a strong interpretation of semeiotic, advocating a developmental and naturalistic position. This commentary examines some of the main features of Short's approach, raising a number of critical questions concerning the growth of Peirce's thought and the problem of anthropomorphism. First, two possible weaknesses in Short's account of the development of semeiotic, connected to the treatment of the "New List of Categories" and the role of the index, are noted. Next, the menace (...)
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  26.  5
    Sweeping Anthropomorphism Under the MAT.P. De Jesus - 2016 - Constructivist Foundations 11 (2):216-218.
    Open peer commentary on the article “Lived Experience and Cognitive Science Reappraising Enactivism’s Jonasian Turn” by Mario Villalobos & Dave Ward. Upshot: Villalobos and Ward reappraise enactivism’s “Jonasian turn” and discover an untenable anthropomorphism at its core. As a corrective to this, the authors propose a Maturanian-inspired account of experience that could accommodate central enactive insights while avoiding anthropomorphism. In this commentary, I will delve a bit deeper into Villalobos and Ward’s treatment of anthropomorphism. In so doing, (...)
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  27.  5
    Modern Anthropomorphism and Phenomenological Method.P. Gaitsch - 2016 - Constructivist Foundations 11 (2):220-221.
    Open peer commentary on the article “Lived Experience and Cognitive Science Reappraising Enactivism’s Jonasian Turn” by Mario Villalobos & Dave Ward. Upshot: As a reply to the criticism that anthropomorphism and modern science are incompatible, targeting Jonasian phenomenology and Varelian enactivism, I suggest considering the concept of modern anthropomorphism, which seems prima facie compatible with the pluralistic situation of today’s life sciences. My further claim is that the phenomenological method is intrinsically linked with this sort of anthropomorphism.
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  28.  30
    Development, Purpose, and the Spectre of Anthropomorphism: Sundry Comments on T. L. Short's.Mats Bergman - 2007 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 43 (4).
    : T. L. Short's Peirce's Theory of Signs offers a strong interpretation of semeiotic, advocating a developmental and naturalistic position. This commentary examines some of the main features of Short's approach, raising a number of critical questions concerning the growth of Peirce's thought and the problem of anthropomorphism. First, two possible weaknesses in Short's account of the development of semeiotic, connected to the treatment of the "New List of Categories" and the role of the index, are noted. Next, the (...)
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  29.  2
    A Speaking Piglet Advertises Beef: An Ethical Analysis on Objectification and Anthropomorphism.Madelaine Leitsberger, Judith Benz-Schwarzburg & Herwig Grimm - 2016 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 29 (6):1003-1019.
    The portrayal of animals in the media is often criticised for instrumentalising, objectifying and anthropomorphising animals :53–79, 1997; Lerner and Kalof in Sociol Q 40:565–586, 1999; Stewart and Cole in Int J Multidiscip Res 12:457–476, 2009). Although we agree with this criticism, we also identify the need for a more substantiated approach to the moral significance of instrumentalisation, objectification and anthropomorphism. Thus, we propose a new framework which is able to address the morally relevant aspects of animal portrayal in (...)
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  30.  7
    Examining the How and Why of Anthropomorphism[REVIEW]Chad Gonnerman - 2008 - Metascience 17 (3):419-423.
    A review of Lorraine Daston and Gregg Mitman (Eds.), Thinking with Animals: New Perspectives on Anthropomorphism, 2005.
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  31. Anthropomorphism, Common Sense, and Animal Awareness.H. A. Herzog & S. Galvin - 1997 - In R. Mitchell, Nicholas S. Thompson & H. L. Miles (eds.), Anthropomorphism, Anecdotes, and Animals. Suny Press. pp. 237--53.
     
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  32.  13
    Anthropomorphism: Cross-Species Modeling.Sandra D. Mitchell - unknown
    There has been a recent resurgence of interest in anthropomorphism, attributable to both the rise of cognitive ethology and the requirements of various forms of expanded, environmental ethics. The manner and degree to which non-human animals are similar to human beings has thus become a focus of scientific research and a necessary component to our decisions to act morally. At its basis, anthropomorphism involves claims about the similarity of non-human objects or beings to humans. Critics of anthropomorphism (...)
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    Evaluating Science on Epistemic and Moral Grounds (Formerly, Putting Anthropomorphism in Context).Karen Arnold - manuscript
    In recent years several philosophers of biology have proposed a pluralistic approach to science. In The Disorder of Things, John Dupré argues for a version of pluralism. Pluralists of all breeds must deal with a familiar class of worries that are routinely expressed at the suggestion of any move away from monism. One such worry is that pluralism is a relativistic position in which "anything goes" in science. In this paper I examine Dupré's proposals for saving his pluralism from the (...)
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  34.  1
    Animal Rights and Moral Philosophy; Thinking with Animals: New Perspectives on Anthropomorphism.Niall Shanks - 2006 - Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 97:194-195.
    Julian H. Franklin. Animal Rights and Moral Philosophy. xix + 151 pp., bibl., index. New York: Columbia University Press, 2005. $35 .; Lorraine Daston; Gregg Mitman . Thinking with Animals: New Perspectives on Anthropomorphism. vi + 230 pp., table, notes, index. New York: Columbia University Press, 2005. $49.50 (cloth.
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  35. Anthropomorphism and Interpretation of the Qur’Ān in the Theology of Al-Qāsim Ibn Ibrāhīm: Kitāb Al-Mustarshid. Edited with Translation, Introduction and Notes.Binyamin Abrahamov - 1996 - Brill.
    This edition and annotated translation of al-Qāsim's Kitāb al-mustarshid includes a discussion of anthropomorphism and interpretation of the Qur’ān in the theology of the Zaidite imam al-Qāsim ibn Ibrāhīm . Al-Qāsim's methods of interpretation are put forth and analyzed in light of early Qur’ānic exegesis.
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  36. Anthropomorphism and the Study of Animal Language.J. Kiriazis & C. Slobodchikoff - 1997 - In R. Mitchell, Nicholas S. Thompson & H. L. Miles (eds.), Anthropomorphism, Anecdotes, and Animals. Suny Press. pp. 365--369.
     
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  37. Taking Anthropomorphism and Anecdotes Seriously.Robert W. Mitchell, Nicholas S. Thompson & H. Lyn Miles - 1997 - In R. Mitchell, Nicholas S. Thompson & H. L. Miles (eds.), Anthropomorphism, Anecdotes, and Animals. Suny Press. pp. 3--11.
     
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  38. Anthropomorphism in Mother-Infant Interaction: Cultural Imperative or Scientific Acumen?Robert L. Russell - 1997 - In R. Mitchell, Nicholas S. Thompson & H. L. Miles (eds.), Anthropomorphism, Anecdotes, and Animals. Suny Press. pp. 116--22.
     
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  39. Anthropomorphism, Anecdotes, and Mirrors.Karyl B. Swartz & Sian Evans - 1997 - In R. Mitchell, Nicholas S. Thompson & H. L. Miles (eds.), Anthropomorphism, Anecdotes, and Animals. Suny Press. pp. 296--306.
     
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  40.  1
    Anecdotes and Critical Anthropomorphism.Gordon M. Burghardt - 1988 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (2):248.
  41. The Myth of Anthropomorphism John Andrew Fisher.John Andrew Fisher - 1996 - In Colin Allen & D. Jamison (eds.), Readings in Animal Cognition. MIT Press.
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  42. Images of Animals: Anthropomorphism and Animal Mind.Eileen Crist - 2000 - Journal of the History of Biology 33 (1):213-215.
     
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  43.  3
    On Seeing Human: A Three-Factor Theory of Anthropomorphism.Nicholas Epley, Adam Waytz & John T. Cacioppo - 2007 - Psychological Review 114 (4):864-886.
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  44.  23
    Anthropomorphism and Anthropodenial.Frans B. M. de Waal - 1999 - Philosophical Topics 27 (1):255-280.
  45.  59
    Beyond Anthropomorphism: Attributing Psychological Properties to Animals.Kristin Andrews - 2011 - In Tom L. Beauchamp R. G. Frey (ed.), Oxford Handbook of Animal Ethics. Oxford University Press. pp. 469--494.
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  46. Thinking with Animals: New Perspectives on Anthropomorphism.Lorraine Daston & Gregg Mitman - 2005 - Journal of the History of Biology 38 (3):624-626.
     
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  47.  3
    Anthropomorphism in Social Robotics: Empirical Results on Human–Robot Interaction in Hybrid Production Workplaces.Richert Anja, Müller Sarah, Schröder Stefan & Jeschke Sabina - forthcoming - AI and Society:1-12.
    New forms of artificial intelligence on the one hand and the ubiquitous networking of “everything with everything” on the other hand characterize the fourth industrial revolution. This results in a changed understanding of human–machine interaction, in new models for production, in which man and machine together with virtual agents form hybrid teams. The empirical study “Socializing with robots” aims to gain insight especially into conditions of development and processes of hybrid human–machine teams. In the experiment, human–robot actions and interactions were (...)
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  48.  55
    Anthropomorphism and Anthropodenial.Waal Frans B. M. De - 1999 - Philosophical Topics 27 (1):255-280.
  49. Anthropomorphism.A. Horowitz - 2007 - In M. Bekoff (ed.), Encyclopedia of Human-Animal Relationships. Greenwood Press. pp. 60--66.
  50.  7
    Furries From A to Z (Anthropomorphism to Zoomorphism).Kathleen C. Gerbasi, Nicholas Paolone, Justin Higner, Laura L. Scaletta, Penny L. Bernstein, Samuel Conway & Adam Privitera - 2008 - Society and Animals 16 (3):197-222.
    This study explored the furry identity. Furries are humans interested in anthropomorphic art and cartoons. Some furries have zoomorphic tendencies. Furries often identify with, and/or assume, characteristics of a special/totem species of nonhuman animal. This research surveyed both furries and non-furry individuals attending a furry convention and a comparison group of college students . Furries commonly indicated dragons and various canine and feline species as their alternate-species identity; none reported a nonhuman-primate identity. Dichotomous responses to two key furry-identity questions produced (...)
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