Results for 'Aparajito Basu'

123 found
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  1.  7
    Chemical Research in India (1876–1918).Aparajito Basu - 1995 - Annals of Science 52 (6):591-600.
    The first Indian institution for scientific research was founded in 1876. The period 1876–1918 was a time of gestation for Indian chemistry, in which pure research gradually replaced the need-based, result-oriented research formerly promoted by the British regime. This formative period in Indian chemistry came to an end after the First World War and was succeeded by a rapid expansion of chemical research. The educational and political background against which these changes took place, and the influence of European chemistry on (...)
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  2. The Moral Basis of Prosperity and Oppression: Altruism, Other-Regarding Behaviour and Identity: Kaushik Basu.Kaushik Basu - 2010 - Economics and Philosophy 26 (2):189-216.
    Much of economics is built on the assumption that individuals are driven by self-interest and economic development is an outcome of the free play of such individuals. On the few occasions that the existence of altruism is recognized in economics, the tendency is to build this from the axiom of individual selfishness. The aim of this paper is to break from this tradition and to treat as a primitive that individuals are endowed with the ‘cooperative spirit’, which allows them to (...)
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  3. Beyond the Invisible Hand: Groundwork for a New Economics.Kaushik Basu - 2010 - Princeton University Press.
    One of the central tenets of mainstream economics is Adam Smith's proposition that, given certain conditions, self-interested behavior by individuals leads them to the social good, almost as if orchestrated by an invisible hand. This deep insight has, over the past two centuries, been taken out of context, contorted, and used as the cornerstone of free-market orthodoxy. In Beyond the Invisible Hand, Kaushik Basu argues that mainstream economics and its conservative popularizers have misrepresented Smith's insight and hampered our understanding (...)
     
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  4.  1
    Prelude to Political Economy: A Study of the Social and Political Foundations of Economics.Kaushik Basu - 2003 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Mainstream economics was founded on many strong assumptions. Institutions and politics were treated as irrelevant, government as exogenous, social norms as epiphenomena. As an initial gambit this was fine. But as the horizons of economic inquiry have broadened, these assumptions have become hindrances rather than aids. If we want to understand why some economies succeed and some fail, why some governments are effective and others not, why some communities prosper while others stagnate, it is essential to view economics as embedded (...)
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  5. What We Epistemically Owe To Each Other.Rima Basu - forthcoming - Philosophical Studies.
    This paper is about an overlooked aspect—the cognitive or epistemic aspect—of the moral demand we place on one another to be treated well. We care not only how people act towards us and what they say of us, but also what they believe of us. That we can feel hurt by what others believe of us suggests both that beliefs can wrong and that there is something we epistemically owe to each other. This proposal, however, surprises many theorists who claim (...)
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  6. The Wrongs of Racist Beliefs.Rima Basu - forthcoming - Philosophical Studies:1-19.
    We care not only about how people treat us, but also what they believe of us. If I believe that you're a bad tipper given your race, I've wronged you. But, what if you are a bad tipper? It is commonly argued that the way racist beliefs wrong is that the racist believer either misrepresents reality, organizes facts in a misleading way that distorts the truth, or engages in fallacious reasoning. In this paper, I present a case that challenges this (...)
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  7. Doxastic Wronging.Rima Basu & Mark Schroeder - 2019 - In Brian Kim & Matthew McGrath (eds.), Pragmatic Encroachment in Epistemology. Routledge. pp. 181-205.
    In the Book of Common Prayer’s Rite II version of the Eucharist, the congregation confesses, “we have sinned against you in thought, word, and deed”. According to this confession we wrong God not just by what we do and what we say, but also by what we think. The idea that we can wrong someone not just by what we do, but by what think or what we believe, is a natural one. It is the kind of wrong we feel (...)
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  8. Can Beliefs Wrong?Rima Basu - 2018 - Philosophical Topics 46 (1):1-17.
    We care what people think of us. The thesis that beliefs wrong, although compelling, can sound ridiculous. The norms that properly govern belief are plausibly epistemic norms such as truth, accuracy, and evidence. Moral and prudential norms seem to play no role in settling the question of whether to believe p, and they are irrelevant to answering the question of what you should believe. This leaves us with the question: can we wrong one another by virtue of what we believe (...)
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  9.  18
    Reconsidering Instrumental Corporate Social Responsibility Through the Mafia Metaphor.Jean-Pascal Gond, Guido Palazzo & Kunal Basu - 2009 - Business Ethics Quarterly 19 (1):57-85.
    The purpose of this paper is to critically evaluate the instrumental perspective on Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) in practice and theory by relying on sociological analyses of a well known organization: the Italian Mafia. Legal businesses might share features of the Mafia, such as the propensity to exploit a governance vacuum in society, a strong organizational identity that demarcates the inside from the outside, and an extreme profit motive. Instrumental CSR practices have the power to accelerate a firm’s transition to (...)
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  10.  44
    The Ethical Backlash of Corporate Branding.Guido Palazzo & Kunal Basu - 2007 - Journal of Business Ethics 73 (4):333-346.
    Past decades have witnessed the growing success of branding as a corporate activity as well as a rise in anti-brand activism. While appearing to be contradictory, both trends have emerged from common sources – the transition from industrial to post-industrial society, and the advent of globalization – the examination of which might lead to a socially grounded understanding of why brand success in the future is likely to demand more than superior product performance, placing increasing demand on corporations with regard (...)
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  11. The Curve Fitting Problem: A Bayesian Approach.Prasanta S. Bandyopadhayay, Robert J. Boik & Prasun Basu - 1996 - Philosophy of Science 63 (3):272.
    In the curve fitting problem two conflicting desiderata, simplicity and goodness-of-fit, pull in opposite directions. To this problem, we propose a solution that strikes a balance between simplicity and goodness-of-fit. Using Bayes' theorem we argue that the notion of prior probability represents a measurement of simplicity of a theory, whereas the notion of likelihood represents the theory's goodness-of-fit. We justify the use of prior probability and show how to calculate the likelihood of a family of curves. We diagnose the relationship (...)
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  12.  3
    The Mind in the Object—Psychological Valuation of Materialized Human Expression.Robert Kreuzbauer, Dan King & Shankha Basu - 2015 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 144 (4):764-787.
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  13.  53
    Dialogic Ethics and the Virtue of Humor.S. Basu - 1999 - Journal of Political Philosophy 7 (4):378–403.
  14.  41
    Theory-Ladenness of Evidence: A Case Study From History of Chemistry.Prajit K. Basu - 2003 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 34 (2):351-368.
    This paper attempts to argue for the theory-ladenness of evidence. It does so by employing and analysing an episode from the history of eighteenth century chemistry. It delineates attempts by Joseph Priestley and Antoine Lavoisier to construct entirely different kinds of evidence for and against a particular hypothesis from a set of agreed upon observations or data. Based on an augmented version of a distinction, drawn by J. Bogen and J. Woodward, between data and phenomena it is shown that the (...)
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  15.  47
    The Moral Basis of Prosperity and Oppression: Altruism, Other-Regarding Behaviour and Identity.Kaushik Basu - 2010 - Economics and Philosophy 26 (2):189-216.
    Much of economics is built on the assumption that individuals are driven by self-interest and economic development is an outcome of the free play of such individuals. On the few occasions that the existence of altruism is recognized in economics, the tendency is to build this from the axiom of individual selfishness. The aim of this paper is to break from this tradition and to treat as a primitive that individuals are endowed with the , which allows them to work (...)
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  16.  32
    Why Local Riots Are Not Simply Local: Collective Violence and the State in Bijnor, India 1988–1993. [REVIEW]Amrita Basu - 1995 - Theory and Society 24 (1):35-78.
  17.  15
    Review: The Philosophy of Spiritual Life. [REVIEW]Arabinda Basu - 1962 - Philosophy East and West 11 (4):255 - 259.
  18.  11
    A Question of Begging.Dilip K. Basu - 1986 - Informal Logic 8 (1).
  19.  73
    A Review of “Into the Jungle: Great Adventures in the Search of Evolution”. [REVIEW]S. K. Basu & A. Goyal - 2010 - World Futures 66 (6):455-457.
  20.  15
    Reducing Concern with Self: Parfit and the Ancient Buddhist Schools.Ananyo Basu - 1997 - In Douglas Allen & Ashok Kumar Malhotra (eds.), Culture and Self: Philosophical and Religious Perspectives, East and West. Westview Press. pp. 97--109.
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  21.  36
    Aiming the Canon: National Emergency and the Errant Courses of the Literary.Manisha Basu - 2005 - Theory and Event 8 (1).
  22.  25
    Family Systems and the Preferred Sex of Children.Ananya Basu & M. Das Gupta - 2001 - In N. J. Smelser & B. Baltes (eds.), International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences. pp. 8--5350.
    This is a broad overview of how the prevalent family systems in the developing world influence sex preference for children. Son preference is evident in the data in East Asia and South Asia, and in the Middle East and North Africa, where patriarchal family systems make sons more valuable than daughters to parents in terms of economic, physical, and emotional sustenance. In sub-Saharan Africa, Latin America and Southeast Asia, there is little difference between the levels of support parents can expect (...)
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  23.  5
    The Women's Movement in India Today-New Agendas and Old ProblemsThe History of Doing: An Illustrated Account of Movements for Women's Rights and Feminism in India, 1800-1990Fields of Protest: Women's Movements in IndiaReinventing Revolution: New Social Movements and the Socialist Tradition in IndiaTwo Faces of Protest: Contrasting Modes of Women's Activism in IndiaWomen and Right-Wing Movements: Indian Experiences. [REVIEW]U. Kalpagam, Radha Kumar, Raka Ray, Gail Omvedt, Amrita Basu, Tanika Sarkar & Urvashi Butalia - 2000 - Feminist Studies 26 (3):645.
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  24.  17
    Information and Strategy in Iterated Prisoner's Dilemma.Kaushik Basu - 1977 - Theory and Decision 8 (3):293.
  25.  52
    Russell on Denoting.Dilip K. Basu - 1983 - Analysis 43 (2):65 - 70.
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  26.  15
    Communitarianism and Individualism in African Thought.Ananyo Basu - 1998 - International Studies in Philosophy 30 (4):1-10.
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  27.  4
    An Analysis of Phonon Emission as Controlled by the Combined Interaction with the Acoustic and Piezoelectric Phonons in a Degenerate III–V Compound Semiconductor Using an Approximated Fermi–Dirac Distribution at Low Lattice Temperatures.A. Basu, B. Das, T. R. Middya & D. P. Bhattacharya - forthcoming - Philosophical Magazine:1-16.
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  28.  26
    Acknowledgment of External Reviewers for 2003.Joel Andreas, Amrita Basu, Fred Block, Davis John Boli, David Buchbinder, Fred Cooper, Clifton Crais, Bronwyn Davies, Frank Dobbin & Bruce G. Carruthers - 2004 - Theory and Society 33 (1):133-134.
  29.  2
    Legal Framework for Small Autonomous Agricultural Robots.Subhajit Basu, Adekemi Omotubora, Matt Beeson & Charles Fox - forthcoming - AI and Society:1-22.
    Legal structures may form barriers to, or enablers of, adoption of precision agriculture management with small autonomous agricultural robots. This article develops a conceptual regulatory framework for small autonomous agricultural robots, from a practical, self-contained engineering guide perspective, sufficient to get working research and commercial agricultural roboticists quickly and easily up and running within the law. The article examines the liability framework, or rather lack of it, for agricultural robotics in EU, and their transpositions to UK law, as a case (...)
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  30. Histoeical Persepectives of Liberation in Hinduism.Arabinda Basu - forthcoming - Journal of Dharma.
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  31.  17
    A Review of “Into the Jungle: Great Adventures in the Search of Evolution” Carroll, Sean B. San Francisco, CA. Benjamin Cummings, 2008 (XI+ 206 Pp.,£ 13.99, Paperback (Soft Cover), ISBN: 978-0-321-55671-4). [REVIEW]S. K. Basu & A. Goyal - 2010 - World Futures 66 (6):455-457.
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  32.  9
    Word Extraction and Character Segmentation From Text Lines of Unconstrained Handwritten Bangla Document Images.Mita Nasipuri, Mahantapas Kundu, Subhadip Basu, Nibaran Das, Samir Malakar & Ram Sarkar - 2011 - Journal of Intelligent Systems 20 (3):227-260.
    In this paper, a novel approach for word extraction and character segmentation from the handwritten Bangla document images is reported. At first, a modified Run Length Smoothing Algorithm, called Spiral Run Length Smearing Algorithm, is applied for the extraction of words from the text lines of unconstrained handwritten Bangla document images. This technique has helped to overcome some of the drawbacks of standard horizontal and vertical RLSA techniques. SRLSA technique has been applied on the Bangla handwritten document image database CMATERdb1.1.1 (...)
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  33.  40
    Book Reviews. [REVIEW]Werner Menski, Carl Olson, William Cenkner, Anne E. Monius, Sarah Hodges, Jeffrey J. Kripal, Carol Salomon, Deepak Sarma, William Cenkner, John E. Cort, Peter A. Huff, Joseph A. Bracken, Larry D. Shinn, Jonathan S. Walters, Ellison Banks Findly, John Grimes, Loriliai Biernacki, David L. Gosling, Thomas Forsthoefel, Michael H. Fisher, Ian Barrow, Srimati Basu, Natalie Gummer, Pradip Bhattacharya, John Grimes, Heather T. Frazer, Elaine Craddock, Andrea Pinkney, Joseph Schaller, Michael W. Myers, Lise F. Vail, Wayne Howard, Bradley B. Burroughs, Shalva Weil, Joseph A. Bracken, Christopher W. Gowans, Dan Cozort, Katherine Janiec Jones, Carl Olson, M. D. McLean, A. Whitney Sanford, Sarah Lamb, Eliza F. Kent, Ashley Dawson, Amir Hussain, John Powers, Jennifer B. Saunders & Ramdas Lamb - 2005 - International Journal of Hindu Studies 9 (1-3):153-228.
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  34. The Curve Fitting Problem: A Bayesian Approach.Prasanta S. Bandyopadhayay, Robert J. Boik & Prasun Basu - 1996 - Philosophy of Science 63 (5):S264-S272.
    In the curve fitting problem two conflicting desiderata, simplicity and goodness-of-fit, pull in opposite directions. To this problem, we propose a solution that strikes a balance between simplicity and goodness-of-fit. Using Bayes' theorem we argue that the notion of prior probability represents a measurement of simplicity of a theory, whereas the notion of likelihood represents the theory's goodness-of-fit. We justify the use of prior probability and show how to calculate the likelihood of a family of curves. We diagnose the relationship (...)
     
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  35.  30
    Quine on Logical Truth.Dilip Kumar Basu - 1971 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 9 (4):341-343.
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  36.  19
    Begging the Question, Circularity and Epistemic Propriety.Dilip K. Basu - 1994 - Argumentation 8 (3):217-226.
    In this paper we shall try to understand what it is to beg the question, and since begging the question is generally believed to be linked with circularity, we shall also explore this relationship. Finally, we shall consider whether certain forms of valid argument can go through smoothly in anepistemio context without begging the question. We shall consider, especially, the claims of the disjunctive syllogism in this regard.
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  37.  18
    ‘But What’s the Use? They Don’T Wear Breeches!’: Montaigne and the Pedagogy of Humor.Sammy Basu - 2014 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 46 (2):1-13.
  38.  9
    Novel HDPE–Quasicrystal Composite Fabricated for Wear Resistance.Ankush Kothalkar, Amit S. Sharma, Krishanu Biswas & Bikramjit Basu - 2011 - Philosophical Magazine 91 (19-21):2944-2953.
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  39.  7
    Handheld Mobile Device Based Text Region Extraction and Binarization of Image Embedded Text Documents.Dipak Kumar Basu, Mita Nasipuri, Subhadip Basu & Ayatullah Faruk Mollah - 2013 - Journal of Intelligent Systems 22 (1):25-47.
    . Effective text region extraction and binarization of image embedded text documents on mobile devices having limited computational resources is an open research problem. In this paper, we present one such technique for preprocessing images captured with built-in cameras of handheld devices with an aim of developing an efficient Business Card Reader. At first, the card image is processed for isolating foreground components. These foreground components are classified as either text or non-text using different feature descriptors of texts and images. (...)
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  40.  16
    Emergence of Norms in a Society of Heterogeneous Agents Influenced by the Rules of Cellular Automata Techniques.P. Chakrabarti & J. K. Basu - 2010 - Emergence: Complexity and Organization 2 (3):481-486.
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  41.  3
    A Demographic Study of Mirpur: A Village in Coastal Midnapore District, West Bengal.Amitabha Basu, Ranjan Gupta & Kalyan K. Bhattacharya - 1980 - Journal of Biosocial Science 12 (2):227.
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  42.  12
    The Sadhana of Plotinus and Sri Aurobindo.Arabinda Basu - 2002 - In Paulos Gregorios (ed.), Neoplatonism and Indian Philosophy. State University of New York Press. pp. 9--153.
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  43.  3
    Dislocations in Recrystallized Aluminium Crystals.B. K. Basu & C. Elbaum - 1964 - Philosophical Magazine 9 (99):533-536.
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  44.  26
    Book Reviews and Notices. [REVIEW]Robert Menzies, Julius Lipner, Pradip Bhattacharya, Christian K. Wedemeyer, Carl Olson, Kate Brittlebarik, Karen Pechilis Prentiss, David Carpenter, Anne E. Monius, Robin Rinehart, Patricia M. Greer, John Grimes, Srimati Basu, Lorilai Biernacki, Reid B. Locklin, Srimati Basu, Michael H. Eisher, Doris R. Jakobsh, Steve Derné, Gail M. Harley, Gavin Flood, Frederick M. Smith & Ariel Glucklich - 2002 - International Journal of Hindu Studies 6 (1):75-110.
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  45.  5
    Dialogic Ethics and the Virtue of Humor.S. Basu - 1999 - Journal of Political Philosophy 7 (4):378-403.
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  46. In a Crazy Time the Crazy Come Out Well: Machiavelli and the Cosmology of His Day.S. Basu - 1990 - History of Political Thought 2 (2):213-39.
  47. Spiritual Experiences and Integral Realization.Arabinda Basu - forthcoming - Journal of Dharma.
  48.  5
    A House Full of People.Edward C. Dimock & Romen Basu - 1969 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 89 (4):825.
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  49.  21
    Book Reviews and Notices. [REVIEW]Srimati Basu, Heather T. Frazer, Dermot Killingley, James Blumenthal, Anne M. Blackburn, Roy W. Perrett, Kees W. Bolle, Donald R. Davis, Mariko Namba Walter & George W. Spencer - 2002 - International Journal of Hindu Studies 6 (3):319-337.
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  50.  7
    [Book Review] Two Faces of Protest, Contrasting Modes of Women's Activism in India. [REVIEW]Amrita Basu - 2000 - Feminist Studies 26 (3):645-660.
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