Results for 'Archaeology'

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  1.  72
    Agency in Archaeology.Marcia-Anne Dobres & John E. Robb (eds.) - 2000 - Routledge.
    Agency in Archaeology is the first critical volume to scrutinize the concept of agency and to examine in-depth its potential to inform our understanding of the past. Theories of agency recognize that human beings make choices, hold intentions and take action. This offers archaeologists scope to move beyond looking at the broad structural or environmental change and instead to consider the individual and the group. The book brings together nineteen internationally renowned scholars who have very different, and often conflicting, (...)
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  2.  60
    Archaeology and Cognitive Evolution.Thomas Wynn - 2002 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (3):389-402.
    Archaeology can provide two bodies of information relevant to the understanding of the evolution of human cognition – the timing of developments, and the evolutionary context of these developments. The challenge is methodological. Archaeology must document attributes that have direct implications for underlying cognitive mechanisms. One example of such a cognitive archaeology is found in spatial cognition. The archaeological record documents an evolutionary sequence that begins with ape-equivalent spatial abilities 2.5 million years ago and ends with the (...)
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  3. Archaeology and Critical Feminism of Science: Interview with Alison Wylie.Alison Wylie, Kelly Koide, Marisol Marini & Marian Toledo - 2014 - Scientiae Studia 12 (3):549-590.
    In this wide-ranging interview with three members of the Department of Philosophy at the University of Sao Paolo (Brazil) Wylie explains how she came to work on philosophical issues raised in and by archaeology, describes the contextualist challenges to ‘received view’ models of confirmation and explanation in archaeology that inform her work on the status of evidence and contextual ideals of objectivity, and discusses the role of non-cognitive values in science. She also is pressed to explain what’s feminist (...)
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  4.  13
    Integral Archaeology: Process Methodologies for Exploring Prehistoric Rock Art on Ometepe Island, Nicaragua.Ryan Hurd - 2011 - Anthropology of Consciousness 22 (1):72-94.
    A process-based approach to archaeology combines traditional third-person data collection methods with first- and second-person inquiries. Drawing from the traditions of cognitive archaeology, transpersonal psychology, and ecopsychology, this mixed-methods approach can be thought of as a movement toward a more holistic or “integral” archaeology. By way of example, a prehistoric rock art site on Ometepe Island, Nicaragua is explored from the inside (through the researcher's lucid dreaming incubations) as well as in relationship with the researcher's embodied presence (...)
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  5.  14
    Re-Constructing Archaeology: Theory and Practice.Michael Shanks - 1987 - Cambridge University Press.
    INTRODUCTION The doctrines and values of the 'new' archaeology are in the process of being broken down; for many they were never acceptable. ...
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  6.  13
    Science, Conservation, and Stewardship: Evolving Codes of Conduct in Archaeology.Alison Wylie - 1999 - Science and Engineering Ethics 5 (3):319-336.
    The Society for American Archaeology (SAA) has developed an extensive body of ethics guidelines for its members, most actively in the last two decades. This coincides with the period in which the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) has taken a strong stand on the need for its affiliates to develop clear. enforceable codes of conduct. The ethics guidelines instituted by the SAA now realize the central recommendations of the AAAS, and in this they illustrate both the (...)
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  7.  85
    Foucault's Historiographical Expansion: Adding Genealogy to Archaeology.Colin Koopman - 2008 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 2 (3):338-362.
    This paper offers a rereading of Foucault's much-disputed mid-career historiographical shift to genealogy from his earlier archaeological analytic. Disputing the usual view that this shift involves an abandonment of an archaeological method that was then replaced by a genealogical method, I show that this shift is better conceived as a historiographical expansion. Foucault's work subsequent to this shift should be understood as invoking both genealogy and archaeology. The metaphor of expansion is helpful in clarifying what was involved in Foucault's (...)
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  8.  68
    Interpreting Archaeology: Finding Meaning in the Past.Ian Hodder (ed.) - 1995 - Routledge.
    Interpretive Archaeologies provides a forum for debate between varied approaches to studying the past. It reflects the profound shift in the direction of archaeological study in the last fifteen years. The book argues that archaeologists must understand their own subjective approaches to the material they study as well as recognize how past researchers imposed their value systems on the evidence they presented. The book's authors, drawn from Europe, North America, Asia and Australasia, represent many different strands of archaeology. They (...)
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  9.  5
    Theory, Locality, and Methodology in Archaeology: Just Add Water?William H. Krieger - 2012 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 2 (2):243-257.
    Continuing the work of the ‘Vienna Circle’, philosopher Carl Hempel created explanatory models to ground scientific inquiry in logic and empirical truth. Beginning with the physical sciences, he explored the application of these models to the social sciences as well. Terrestrial archaeologists incorporated Hempelian concepts by calling for global changes in archaeological methodology. These changes, explicitly designed to maximize data collection, were developed using particular idiosyncratic geographical cues that would undermine archaeology if implemented in other contexts. In this article, (...)
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  10.  2
    Towards a Media-Archaeology of Sirenic Articulations Listening with Media-Archaeological Ears.Wolfgang Ernst - 2015 - Nordic Journal of Aesthetics 24 (48).
    Media archaeology is not just a methodological claim but first of all a research practice of media culture. The case study described in this text is meant to demonstrate that archaeoacoustics can be applied to cultural aesthetics as well. The research expedition of April 2004 exploring the sonosphere of the Li Galli islands facing the Italian Amalfi coast measured the sonosphere of the acoustic theatre where the Homeric Sirens are supposed to have sung, resulting in surprising findings about the (...)
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  11.  75
    Archaeology After Structuralism: Post-Structuralism and the Practice of Archaeology.Ian Bapty & Tim Yates (eds.) - 1990 - Routledge.
    Introduction: Archaeology and Post-Structuralism Ian Bapty and Tim Yates i If it recedes one day, leaving behind its works and signs on the shores of our ...
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  12. Trac 97 Proceedings of the Seventh Annual Theoretical Roman Archaeology Conference, Which Formed Part of the Second International Roman Archaeology Conference, University of Nottingham, April 1997.Colin Forcey, John Hawthorne, Robert Witcher & International Roman Archaeology Conference - 1998
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  13.  43
    Gender and Archaeology: Contesting the Past.Roberta Gilchrist - 1999 - Routledge.
    Is gender determined by biology, society or experience? How have notions of gender and sexuality differed in past societies? Addressing such questions, Gender and Archaeology is the first critical introduction to the field of gender archaeology as it has evolved over the last two decades. It examines the impact of feminist perspectives on archaeology and shows the unique insights that gender archaeology offers on topics like the sexual division of labor, issues of sexuality, and the embodiment (...)
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  14.  22
    Reclaiming Archaeology: Beyond the Tropes of Modernity.Alfredo González Ruibal (ed.) - 2013 - Routledge.
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  15.  29
    Archaeology and the Origins of Philosophy.Robert Hahn - 2010 - State University of New York Press.
    Part I: Archaeology and Anaximander's cosmic picture : an historical narrative -- Anaximander, architectural historian of the cosmos -- Why did Anaximander write a prose book rationalizing the cosmos? -- A survey of the key techniques that Anaximander observed at the architects building sites -- An imaginative visit to an ancient Greek building site -- Anaximander's cosmic picture : the size and shape of the earth -- The doxographical reports -- The scholarly debates over the text and its interpretations (...)
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  16.  46
    The Archaeology of Contextual Meanings.Ian Hodder (ed.) - 1987 - Cambridge University Press.
    This companion volume to Archaeology as Long-term History focuses on the symbolism of artefacts. It seeks at once to refine current theory and method relating to interpretation and show, with examples, how to conduct this sort of archaeological work. Some contributors work with the material culture of modern times or the historic period, areas in which the symbolism of mute artefacts has traditionally been thought most accessible. However, the book also contains a good number of applications in prehistory to (...)
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  17.  13
    Posing Questions for a Scientific Archaeology.Terry L. Hunt, Carl P. Lipo & Sarah L. Sterling (eds.) - 2001 - Bergin & Garvey.
    This volume addresses the need to describe the world so that archaeology can have theory built as historical science.
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  18. The Scope and Limits of Biological Explanations in Archaeology.Ben Jeffares - 2003 - Dissertation, Victoria University of Wellington
    I show how archaeologists have two problems. The construction of scenarios accounting for the raw data of Archaeology, the material remains of the past, and the explanation of pre-history. Within Archaeology, there has been an ongoing debate about how to constrain speculation within both of these archaeological projects, and archaeologists have consistently looked to biological mechanisms for constraints. I demonstrate the problems of using biology, either as an analogy for cultural processes or through direct application of biological principles (...)
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  19.  18
    Theory and Practice in Late Antique Archaeology.Luke Lavan & William Bowden (eds.) - 2003 - Brill.
    This volume explores the theoretical frameworks, methodology and field practice suited to late antique archaeology.
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  20.  33
    Critical Traditions in Contemporary Archaeology: Essays in the Philosophy, History, and Socio-Politics of Archaeology.Valerie Pinsky & Alison Wylie (eds.) - 1989 - Cambridge University Press.
    EDITORS' INTRODUCTION Perhaps the single most broadly unifying feature of the early new archaeology was the demand that archaeologists not take the aims and ...
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  21.  2
    Archaeology in the Making: Conversations Through a Discipline.William L. Rathje, Michael Shanks, Christopher Witmore & Susan E. Alcock (eds.) - 2013 - Routledge.
    This book comprises conversations about archaeology among some of its notable contemporary figures.
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  22. Theory and Explanation in Archaeology the Southampton Conference /Edited by Colin Renfrew, Michael J. Rowlands, Barbara Abbott Segraves. --. --. [REVIEW]Colin Renfrew, M. Rowlands, Barbara Abbott Segraves & Theoretical Archaeology Group - 1982 - Academic Press, 1982.
     
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  23. Theory and Explanation in Archaeology the Southampton Conference.Colin Renfrew, M. J. Rowlands, Barbara Abbott Segraves & Theoretical Archaeology Group - 1982
     
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  24.  23
    Images, Representations and Heritage: Moving Beyond Modern Approaches to Archaeology.Ian Russell (ed.) - 2006 - Springer.
    Recent archaeological theory has show that images of the past have carried a particularly strong resonance within modern social groups. This volume explores the immeasurable impact that the phenomenon of archaeology has had on the representation of the past in the modern world. Modern society’s ‘archaeological imagination’ conceives of archaeology as a producer of images of the past which become representations of modern group identities. If archaeology is utilized by public groups to construct and represent identities, then (...)
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  25.  6
    Appropriating the Past: Philosophical Perspectives on the Practice of Archaeology.Geoffrey Scarre & Robin Coningham (eds.) - 2012 - Cambridge University Press.
    Machine generated contents note: 1. Introduction Geoffrey Scarre and Robin Coningham; Part I. Claiming the Past: 2. The values of the past James O. Young; 3. Whose past? archaeological knowledge, community knowledge, and the embracing of conflict Piotr Bienkowski; 4. The past people want: heritage for the majority? Cornelius Holtorf; 5. The ethics of repatriation: rights of possession and duties of respect Janna Thompson; 6. On archaeological ethics and letting go Larry J. Zimmerman; 7. Hintang and the dilemma of benevolence: (...)
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  26. Holy Ground Theoretical Issues Relating to the Landscape and Material Culture of Ritual Space Objects : Papers From a Session Held at the Theoretical Archaeology Group Conference, Cardiff 1999.A. T. Smith, A. Brookes & Theoretical Archaeology Group - 2001
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  27.  23
    Archaeology and Modernity.Julian Thomas - 2004 - Routledge.
    This is the first book-length study to explore the relationship between archaeology and modern thought, showing how philosophical ideas that developed in the seventeenth to nineteenth centuries still dominate our approach to the material remains of ancient societies. It discusses the modern emphasis on method rather than ethics or meaning, our understanding of change in history and nature, the role of the nation-state in forming our views of the past, and contemporary notions of human individuality, the mind, and materiality. (...)
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  28.  5
    Interpretive Archaeology: A Reader.Julian Thomas (ed.) - 2000 - Leicester University Press.
    This volume gathers together a series of the canonical statements which have defined an interpretive archaeology. Many of these have been unavailable for some while, and others are drawn from inaccessible publications.
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  29.  47
    Time, Culture, and Identity: An Interpretative Archaeology.Julian Thomas - 1996 - Routledge.
    This groundbreaking work considers one of the central themes of archaeology, time, which until recently has been taken for granted. It considers how time is used and perceived by archaeology and also how time influences the construction of identities. The book presents case studies, eg, transition from hunter gather to farming in early Neolithic, to examine temporality and identity. Drawing upon the work of Martin Heidegger, Thomas develops a way of writing about the past in which time is (...)
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  30. A Plurality of Pluralisms: Collaborative Practice in Archaeology.Alison Wylie - 2015 - In Jonathan Y. Tsou, Alan Richardson & Flavia Padovani (eds.), Objectivity in Science. Springer Verlag. pp. 189-210.
    Innovative modes of collaboration between archaeologists and Indigenous communities are taking shape in a great many contexts, in the process transforming conventional research practice. While critics object that these partnerships cannot but compromise the objectivity of archaeological science, many of the archaeologists involved argue that their research is substantially enriched by them. I counter objections raised by internal critics and crystalized in philosophical terms by Boghossian, disentangling several different kinds of pluralism evident in these projects and offering an analysis of (...)
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  31. Knowing the Past: Philosophical Issues of History and Archaeology.Peter Kosso - 2001 - Humanity Books.
  32.  23
    Thinking From Things: Essays in the Philosophy of Archaeology.Alison Wylie - 2002 - University of California Press.
    In this long-awaited compendium of new and newly revised essays, Alison Wylie explores how archaeologists know what they know. -/- Preprints available for download. Please see entry for specific article of interest.
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  33. Reading the Past: Current Approaches to Interpretation in Archaeology.Ian Hodder - 2003 - Cambridge University Press.
    The third edition of this classic introduction to archaeological theory and method has been fully updated to address the rapid development of theoretical debate throughout the discipline. Ian Hodder and Scott Hutson argue that archaeologists must consider a variety of perspectives in the complex and uncertain task of "translating the meaning of past texts into their own contemporary language". While remaining centered on the importance of meaning, agency and history, the authors explore the latest developments in post-structuralism, neo-evolutionary theory and (...)
     
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  34.  20
    On The Rise of the Aesthetic Mind: Archaeology and Philosophy.Elisabeth Schellekens - 2015 - Aisthesis. Pratiche, Linguaggi E Saperi Dell’Estetico 8 (1):113-122.
    Moving from a critical assessment of some recent attempts to define the arts in terms of adaptations, spandrels, by-products and, moreover, calling into question the continued development of the concept of the "aesthetic" in the frame of contemporary interdisciplinary research projects, the main aim of this paper is to highlight some of the ways in which archaeological objects can, at least in some respects, testify to the manifestation of the modern aesthetic mind.
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  35. Applying Evolutionary Archaeology a Systematic Approach.Michael J. O'brien & R. Lee Lyman - 2000
     
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  36.  6
    Islamic Positivism and Scientific Truth: Qur’an and Archeology in a Creationist Documentary Film.Baudouin Dupret & Clémentine Gutron - 2016 - Human Studies 39 (4):621-643.
    The ambition of “scientific creationism” is to prove that science actually confirms religion. This is especially true in the case of Muslim creationism, which adopts a reasoning of a syllogistic type: divine revelation is truth; good science confirms truth; divine revelation is henceforth scientifically proven. Harun Yahya is a prominent Muslim “creationist” whose website hosts many texts and documentary films, among which “Evidence of the true faith in historical sources”. This is a small audiovisual production which, starting from some archeological (...)
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  37. Social Theory and Archaeology.Michael Shanks - 1987 - University of New Mexico Press.
     
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  38. Working at Archaeology.Lewis Roberts Binford - 1983 - Academic Press.
  39. Philosophy and Archaeology.Merrilee H. Salmon - 1982 - Academic Press.
     
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  40.  5
    Archaeology Through Computational Linguistics: Inscription Statistics Predict Excavation Sites of Indus Valley Artifacts.Gabriel L. Recchia & Max M. Louwerse - 2016 - Cognitive Science 40 (8):2065-2080.
    Computational techniques comparing co-occurrences of city names in texts allow the relative longitudes and latitudes of cities to be estimated algorithmically. However, these techniques have not been applied to estimate the provenance of artifacts with unknown origins. Here, we estimate the geographic origin of artifacts from the Indus Valley Civilization, applying methods commonly used in cognitive science to the Indus script. We show that these methods can accurately predict the relative locations of archeological sites on the basis of artifacts of (...)
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  41.  3
    Epistemological Issues Raised by a Structuralist Archaeology.Alison Wylie - 1982 - In Ian Hodder (ed.), Symbolic and Structural Archaeology. Cambridge University Press. pp. 39-46.
    Insofar as the material residues of interest to archaeologists are cultural and, as such, have specifically symbolic significance, it is argued that archaeology must employ some form of structuralist analysis (i.e. as specifically concerned with this aspect of the material). Wylie examines the prevalent notion that such analysis is inevitably 'unscientific' because it deals with a dimension of material culture which is inaccessible of any direct, empirical investigation, and argues that this rests on an entrenched misconception of science; it (...)
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  42.  8
    Musicality in Human Evolution, Archaeology and Ethnography.Anton Killin - 2014 - Biology and Philosophy 29 (4):597-609.
    This essay reviews Iain Morley’s The Prehistory of Music, an up-to-date and authoritative overview of recent research on evolution and cognition of musicality from an interdisciplinary viewpoint. Given the diversity of the project explored, integration of evidence from multiple fields is particularly pressing, required for any novel evolutionary account to be persuasive, and for the project’s continued progress. Moreover, Morley convincingly demonstrates that there is much more to understanding musicality than is supposed by some theorists. I outline Morley’s review of (...)
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  43.  2
    Introduction: Archaeology, Linguistics, and the Andean Past: A Much-Needed Conversation.David Beresford-Jones & Paul Heggarty - 2012 - In Archaeology and Language in the Andes. pp. 1.
    This volume is a collection which includes the text of papers presented at the September 2008 Cambridge Symposium on Archaeology and Linguistics in the Andes. The Cambridge symposium sought to bring together the disciplines of linguistics and archaeology, in order to dispel a number of popular myths about the language history of the Andes. This introductory chapter first sets out the structure of the book and introduces its component chapters. Thereafter it clarifies briefly a number of principles from (...)
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  44.  7
    Marketing Archaeology.William H. Krieger - 2014 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 17 (5):923-939.
    In the 19th century, ‘scientific archaeologists’ split from their antiquarian colleagues over the role that provenience (context) plays in the value of an artifact. These archaeologists focus on documenting an artifact’s context when they remove it from its original location. Archaeologists then use this contextual information to place these artifacts within a particular larger assemblage, in a particular time and space. Once analyzed, the artifacts found in a site or region can be used to document, to understand, and explain the (...)
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  45.  3
    Forensic Archaeology.Natasha Powers & Lucy Sibun - 2013 - In Paul Graves-Brown, Rodney Harrison & Angela Piccini (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of the Contemporary World. Oxford University Press. pp. 40.
    Forensic archaeology, the application of archaeological methods in a criminal framework, has undergone a rapid process of acceptance and development. From the initial occasional involvement of archaeologists in the search for and recovery of murder victims in the late 1970s, to the general acceptance of archaeological methods, such as shallow level geophysics, this chapter provides a brief history of forensic archaeology in the United Kingdom and beyond. It outlines the ways in which an archaeologist’s understanding of formation processes (...)
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  46. Archaeology at the Interface: Studies in Archaeology's Relationships with History, Geography, Biology, and Physical Science.J. L. Bintliff & C. F. Gaffney (eds.) - 1986 - B.A.R..
     
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  47. Archaeology and Heritage an Introduction.John Carman - 2002
     
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  48. Technology and Social Agency: Outlining a Practice Framework for Archaeology.Marcia-Anne Dobres - 2000 - Blackwell.
  49. Beyond Subsistence Plains Archaeology and the Postprocessual Critique.P. G. Duke & Michael Wilson - 1995
     
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  50. Digital Archaeology Bridging Method and Theory.Thomas L. Evans & Patrick T. Daly - 2005
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