Results for 'Ariel Jonathan Roff��'

1000+ found
Order:
  1.  12
    Dynamic Homology and Circularity in Cladistic Analysis.Ariel Jonathan Roffé - 2020 - Biology and Philosophy 35 (1):21.
    In this article, I examine the issue of the alleged circularity in the determination of homologies within cladistic analysis. More specifically, I focus on the claims made by the proponents of the dynamic homology approach, regarding the distinction between primary and secondary homology. This distinction is sometimes invoked to dissolve the circularity issue, by upholding that characters in a cladistic data matrix have to be only primarily homologous, and thus can be determined independently of phylogenetic hypotheses, by using the classical (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  2.  21
    Optimality Models and the Propensity Interpretation of Fitness.Ariel Jonathan Roffé & Santiago Ginnobili - 2020 - Acta Biotheoretica 68 (3):367-385.
    The propensity account of fitness intends to solve the classical tautologicity issue by identifying fitness with a disposition, the ability to survive and reproduce. As proponents recognized early on, this account requires operational independence from actual reproductive success to avoid circularity and vacuousness charges. They suggested that operational independence is achieved by measuring fitness values through optimality models. Our goal in this article is to develop this suggestion. We show that one plausible procedure by which these independent operationalizations could be (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  3.  22
    Genetic Drift as a Directional Factor: Biasing Effects and a Priori Predictions.Ariel Jonathan Roffé - 2017 - Biology and Philosophy 32 (4):535-558.
    The adequacy of Elliott Sober’s analogy between classical mechanics and evolutionary theory—according to which both theories explain via a zero-force law and a set of forces that alter the zero-force state—has been criticized from various points of view. I focus here on McShea and Brandon’s claim that drift shouldn’t be considered a force because it is not directional. I argue that there are a number of different theses that could be meant by this, and show that one of those theses—the (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  4. Contrastando reconstrucciones con herramientas computacionales: una aplicación a la cladística.Ariel Jonathan Roffé - 2020 - Dissertation, Universidad de Buenos Aires (UBA)
  5.  24
    Theoricity, observation and homology: a response to Pearson.Ariel Jonathan Roffé, Santiago Ginnobili & Daniel Blanco - 2018 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 40 (3):42.
    An interesting metatheoretical controversy took place during the 1980’s and 1990’s between pattern and phylogenetic cladists. What was always at stake in the discussion was not how work in systematics should be carried out, but rather how this practice should be metatheoretically interpreted. In this article, we criticize Pearson’s account of the metatheoretical factors at play in this discussion. Following him, we focus on the issue of circularity, and on the role that phylogenetic hypotheses play in the determination of “primary (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  6.  10
    ¿Son los genetistas de poblaciones inductivistas estrechos?Ariel Jonathan Roffé & Santiago Ginnobili - 2017 - Scientiae Studia 15 (2):263.
    Es una opinión extendida que la teoría de la selección natural, tal como fue formulada originalmente por Darwin de manera “cualitativa”, ha sido reemplazada por una versión cuantitativa superior, brindada por la genética de poblaciones. En este artículo se discute contra esa tesis, sosteniendo en cambio que ambas teorías son complementarias, no sucesivas. Para ello, se introduce una línea de argumentación novedosa, que toma su inspiración en la crítica al “inductivismo estrecho” de Hempel. Se sostiene que los genetistas de poblaciones (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  7.  4
    La paradoja de Skolem.Ariel Jonathan Roffé - 2014 - In Eduardo Alejandro Barrio (ed.), Paradojas, paradojas y más paradojas. pp. 245-260.
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  8.  10
    Reconstructor: A Computer Program That Uses Three-Valued Logics to Represent Lack of Information in Empirical Scientific Contexts.Ariel Jonathan Roffé - 2019 - Journal of Applied Non-Classical Logics 30 (1):68-91.
    ABSTRACTIn this article, I develop three conceptual innovations within the area of formal metatheory, and present a computer program, called Reconstructor, that implements those developments. The first development consists in a methodology for testing formal reconstructions of scientific theories, which involves checking both whether translations of paradigmatically successful applications into models satisfy the formalisation of the laws, and also whether unsuccessful applications do not. I show how Reconstructor can help carry this out, since it allows the end-user to specify a (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  9.  9
    Drift as Constitutive: Conclusions From a Formal Reconstruction of Population Genetics.Ariel Jonathan Roffé - 2019 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 41 (4):55.
    This article elaborates on McShea and Brandon’s idea that drift is unlike the rest of the evolutionary factors because it is constitutive rather than imposed on the evolutionary process. I show that the way they spelled out this idea renders it inadequate and is the reason why it received some objections. I propose a different way in which their point could be understood, that rests on two general distinctions. The first is a distinction between the underlying mathematical apparatus used to (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  10.  4
    Drift as constitutive: conclusions from a formal reconstruction of population genetics.Ariel Jonathan Roffé - 2019 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 41 (4):1-24.
    This article elaborates on McShea and Brandon’s idea that drift is unlike the rest of the evolutionary factors because it is constitutive rather than imposed on the evolutionary process. I show that the way they spelled out this idea renders it inadequate and is the reason why it received some objections. I propose a different way in which their point could be understood, that rests on two general distinctions. The first is a distinction between the underlying mathematical apparatus used to (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  11.  4
    El estatus fáctico de la cladística: aportes desde una reconstrucción estructuralista.Ariel Jonathan Roffé - 2020 - Metatheoria – Revista de Filosofía E Historia de la Ciencia 11 (1):53-72.
    The present work analyzes the controversy within biological systematics regarding the status of cladistics. The use of the parsimony method for phylogenetic reconstruction has been defended by appealing to a methodological principle of simplicity, as well as to empirical principles that external to systematics. I propose new kind of approach, which consists in considering it an empirical theory, thus justifying its application by its empirical success. To defend this point, a formal structuralist reconstruction of cladistics will be provided, which will (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  12.  3
    The meta-theoretical status of ZFEL.Ariel Jonathan Roffé & Santiago Ginnobili - 2019 - Humanities Journal of Valparaiso 14:57-73.
    In a recent book, McShea and Brandon argue that the observed diversity and complexity of life are explainable by a principle they call the “zero-force evolutionary law” or “ZFEL”. Although this principle would be implicit in many explanations given by biologists, it would have never been made explicit. Assuming that this idea is interesting, and that the authors are right, we will discuss the metatheoretical way in which they present said principle, as being a part of probability theory. This allows (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  13.  22
    Correction to: Theoricity, observation and homology: a response to Pearson.Ariel Jonathan Roffé, Santiago Ginnobili & Daniel Blanco - 2018 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 40 (3):43.
    Due to an unfortunate turn of events, the family name of the first author was erroneously published as ‘RoffÕ’ in the original publication. The correct representation of the first author’s family name is listed above and below.
    Direct download (4 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  14.  4
    La deriva genética como fuerza evolutiva.Ariel Jonathan Roffé - 2015 - In J. Ahumada, N. Venturelli & S. Seno Chibeni (eds.), Selección de Trabajos del IX Encuentro AFHIC y las XXV Jornadas de Epistemología e Historia de la ciencia. Córdoba, Argentina: pp. 615-626.
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  15.  2
    La inconmensurabilidad entre las teorías planetarias de Ptolomeo y Copérnico: dos enfoques contemporáneos.Ariel Jonathan Roffé - 2015 - In J. Ahumada, N. Venturelli & S. Seno Chibeni (eds.), Selección de Trabajos del IX Encuentro AFHIC y las XXV Jornadas de Epistemología e Historia de la ciencia. Córdoba, Argentina: pp. 605-614.
  16.  1
    Reseña de McShea, Daniel W. y Robert N. Brandon, Biology’s First Law: The Tendency for Diversity and Complexity to Increase in Evolutionary Systems, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2010, 184 pp. [REVIEW]Ariel Jonathan Roffé - 2013 - Metatheoria 4:113-119.
    En este ambicioso libro, el biólogo Daniel W. McShea y el filósofo de la biología Robert N. Brandon desafían las explicaciones explícitas encontradas en la litera-tura acerca del origen de la diversidad y la complejidad en los seres vivos. Estas explicaciones recurren en su mayoría a la acción de la selección natural, como ser, a la selección diversificadora/disruptiva, a la selección de niveles superiores favoreciendo a especies/clados con mayor propensión a la especiación, o a las ventajas de una mayor división (...)
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  17.  4
    Sobre la capturabilidad de teorías informales en sistemas axiomáticos formales.Ariel Jonathan Roffé - 2014 - Cuadernos de Filosofía 62:65-75.
    El objetivo de este artículo es analizar qué quiere decir capturar una teoría (se utilizará la aritmética como ejemplo paradigmático) por medio de un sistema axiomático formal. Se considerarán para ello dos enfoques, que pueden denominarse “semántico” y “sintáctico”, tanto en términos de sus ventajas como de sus limitaciones. El enfoque semántico (presupuesto por Barrio y Da Ré en este volumen y expuesto en la primera sección), entiende la expresabilidad como una restricción de la clase de los modelos; se muestra (...)
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  18.  11
    Systemic Analysis and Functional Explanation: Structure and Limitations.Andrea Soledad Olmos, Ariel Jonathan Roffé & Santiago Ginnobili - 2020 - In Lorenzo Baravalle & Luciana Zaterka (eds.), Life and Evolution: Latin American Essays on the History and Philosophy of Biology. pp. 209-229.
    How questions and why questions interact in complex ways within biological practice. One of the most fruitful accounts to think about this relation is the widely known systemic approach, which has its origin mainly in the works of Robert Cummins (1975, 1983). As we will show, this approach effectively manages to capture much of what biologists do, especially in areas such as molecular biology, neuroscience and neuroethology. Our aim with this work is to discuss the metatheoretical status of the presuppositions (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  19. Jack Reynolds and Jonathan Roffe, Eds., Understanding Derrida. [REVIEW]Edvard Lorkovic - 2006 - Philosophy in Review 26 (3):168-172.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  20.  11
    Against a Metaphysical Understanding of Rejection.Mariela Rubin & Ariel Roffé - 2018 - Principia: An International Journal of Epistemology 22 (1):189-202.
    In this article, we defend that incorporating a rejection operator into a paraconsistent language involves fully specifying its inferential characteristics within the logic. To do this, we examine a recent proposal by Berto for a paraconsistent rejection, which — according to him — avoids paradox, even when introduced into a language that contains self-reference and a transparent truth predicate. We will show that this proposal is inadequate because it is too incomplete. We argue that the reason it avoids trouble is (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  21.  1
    Inconsistent Heuristics in Theory and Practice.Ariel Felner, Uzi Zahavi, Robert Holte, Jonathan Schaeffer, Nathan Sturtevant & Zhifu Zhang - 2011 - Artificial Intelligence 175 (9-10):1570-1603.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  22.  8
    Contemporary Perspectives on the Meaning, Roles, and Implications of Chance in Evolution. [REVIEW]Ariel Roffé - 2018 - Science & Education 27 (9-10):1003-1016.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  23.  1
    Reseña de McShea, Daniel W. Y Robert N. Brandon, Biology’s First Law: The Tendency for Diversity and Complexity to Increase in Evolutionary Systems, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2010, 184 Pp. [REVIEW]Ariel Roffé - 2013 - Metatheoria – Revista de Filosofía E Historia de la Ciencia 4:113--119.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  24. The Revolutionary Dividual.Jonathan Roffe - 2008 - In Anna Hickey-Moody & Peta Malins (eds.), Deleuzian Encounters: Studies in Contemporary Social Issues. Palgrave-Macmillan.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  25. Dos usos de los modelos de optimalidad en las explicaciones por selección natural.Santiago Ginnobili & Ariel Roffé - 2017 - Metatheoria 8 (1):43-55.
    Resumen -/- El objetivo de este trabajo consiste en analizar las relaciones entre los modelos de optimalidad y la selección natural. Defenderemos que esas relaciones pueden dividirse en dos tipos, en tanto hay dos tipos de explicaciones seleccionistas, que llamaremos “históricas” y “ahistóricas”. Las explicaciones históricas revelan como una población dada adquiere un rasgo que es adaptativo en ese ambiente e involucran muchas generaciones, variación, etc. Las explicaciones ahistóricas, explican por qué, en determinado momento, ciertos tipos de organismos tienen un (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  26.  2
    The Key Role of Underlying Theories for Scientific Explanations. A Darwinian Case Study.Daniel Blanco, Ariel Roffé & Santiago Ginnobili - 2020 - Principia: An International Journal of Epistemology 24 (3):617-632.
    A given explanatory theory T falls into circular reasoning if the only way to determine its explanandum is through the application of T. To find an underlying theory T′ that determines T′s explanandum helps us save T from this accusation of circularity. We follow the structuralist view of theories in presenting and dealing with this issue, by applying it to particular theories. More specifically, we focus on the relationship between the Darwinian theory of common ancestry and the determination of homologies.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  27.  1
    Dos usos de los modelos de optimalidad en las explicaciones por selección natural.Santiago Ginnobili & Ariel Roffé - 2017 - Metatheoria – Revista de Filosofía E Historia de la Ciencia 8:43--55.
    El objetivo de este trabajo consiste en analizar las relaciones entre los modelos de optimalidad y la selección natural. Defenderemos que esas relaciones pueden dividirse en dos tipos, en tanto hay dos tipos de explicaciones seleccionistas, que llamaremos “históricas” y “ahistóricas”. Las explicaciones históricas revelan como una población dada adquiere un rasgo que es adaptativo en ese ambiente e involucran muchas generaciones, variación, etc. Las explicaciones ahistóricas, explican por qué, en determinado momento, ciertos tipos de organismos tienen un mayor éxito (...)
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  28. Wolff, Jonathan: Filosofía política. Una introducción, Barcelona, Ariel, 2001.E. Ruiz - 2002 - Daimon: Revista Internacional de Filosofía 27:189.
    No categories
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  29. Alain Badiou, Saint Paul-The Foundation of Universalism Reviewed By.Jonathan Roffe - 2004 - Philosophy in Review 24 (1):5-7.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  30. Christian Kerslake, Deleuze and the Unconscious Reviewed By.Jonathan Roffe - 2007 - Philosophy in Review 27 (6):408-410.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  31. Jacques Rancière, Short Voyages to the Land of the People Reviewed By.Jonathan Roffe - 2004 - Philosophy in Review 24 (2):148-149.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  32. Duality in Permutation State Spaces and the Dual Search Algorithm.Uzi Zahavi, Ariel Felner, Robert C. Holte & Jonathan Schaeffer - 2008 - Artificial Intelligence 172 (4-5):514-540.
  33. 790 ACKNOWLEDGMENT Ariel Cohen Ann Copestake Robert Cummins.Helen de Hoop, Paul Dekker, Donka Farkas, Ted Fernald, Tim Fernando, Bart Geurts, Jonathan Ginzburg, Brendan Gillon, Barbara Grosz & Pat Healey - 2001 - Linguistics and Philosophy 24:789-790.
  34. An Invitation to Philosophy.Jack Reynolds & Jonathan Roffe - 2004 - In Jack Reynolds John Roffe (ed.), Understanding Derrida. Continuum. pp. 1--5.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  35.  14
    Select Interviews From the INS Annual Meeting—Keith Humphreys, Tom Insel, Uma Karmarkar, Carl Marci, Ariel Cascio, Winston Chiong, Frederic Gilbert, Cynthia Kubu, and Jonathan Pugh.Nathan Ahlgrim, Kristie Garza, Carlie Hoffman, Sarah Coolidge & Ryan H. Purcell - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 10 (1):62-68.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  36. II—Jonathan L. Kvanvig: Millar on the Value of Knowledge.Jonathan L. Kvanvig - 2011 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 85 (1):83-99.
    Alan Millar's paper (2011) involves two parts, which I address in order, first taking up the issues concerning the goal of inquiry, and then the issues surrounding the appeal to reflective knowledge. I argue that the upshot of the considerations Millar raises count in favour of a more important role in value-driven epistemology for the notion of understanding and for the notion of epistemic justification, rather than for the notions of knowledge and reflective knowledge.
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  37.  80
    II—Jonathan Dancy: Moral Perception.Jonathan Dancy - 2010 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 84 (1):99-117.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  38.  76
    A Jonathan Edwards Reader.Jonathan Edwards - 1995 - Yale University Press.
    Prepared by editors of the distinguished series The Works of Jonathan Edwards, this authoritative anthology includes selected treatises, sermons, and autobiographical material by early America’s greatest theologian and philosopher.
    Direct download (3 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  39.  73
    Spinoza in Twenty-First-Century American and French Philosophy: Metaphysics, Philosophy of Mind, Moral and Political Philosophy.Jack Stetter & Charles Ramond (eds.) - 2019 - London: Bloomsbury Academic.
    Contributors: Steven Barbone, Laurent Bove, Edwin Curley, Valérie Debuiche, Michael Della Rocca, Simon B. Duffy, Daniel Garber, Pascale Gillot, Céline Hervet, Jonathan Israel, Chantal Jaquet, Mogens Lærke, Jacqueline Lagrée, Martin Lin, Yitzhak Y. Melamed, Pierre-François Moreau, Steven Nadler, Knox Peden, Alison Peterman, Charles Ramond, Michael A. Rosenthal, Pascal Sévérac, Hasana Sharp, Jack Stetter, Ariel Suhamy, Lorenzo Vinciguerra.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  40. The Complete Works of Aristotle the Revised Oxford Translation /Edited by Jonathan Barnes. --.Jonathan Aristotle, J. A. Barnes, W. D. Smith & Ross - 1984
  41.  16
    Helping Medical Students to Find Their Moral Compasses: Ethics Teaching for Second and Third Year Undergraduates.S. Roff - 2004 - Journal of Medical Ethics 30 (5):487-489.
    The paper describes a two week course that has been offered as a special study module to intermediate level undergraduate medical students at Dundee University Medical School for the past five years. The course requires students to research the various aspects of ethical dilemmas that they have identified themselves, and to “teach” these issues to their colleagues in a short PowerPoint presentation as well as to prepare an extended 3000 word essay discussion. The course specifically asks students not to disclose (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  42. Particularism in Question: An Interview with Jonathan Dancy.Jonathan Dancy, Andreas Lind & Johan Brannmark - unknown
    Jonathan Dancy works within almost all fields of philosophy but is best known as the leading proponent of moral particularism. Particularism challenges “traditional” moral theories, such as Contractualism, Kantianism and Utilitarianism, in that it denies that moral thought and judgement relies upon, or is made possible by, a set of more or less well-defined, hierarchical principles. During the summer of 2006, the Philosophy Departments of Lund University (Sweden) and the University of Reading (England) began a series of exchanges to (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  43. J. S. Mill's Liberal Utilitarian Assessment of Capitalism Versus Socialism: Jonathan Riley.Jonathan Riley - 1996 - Utilitas 8 (1):39-71.
    John Stuart Mill argued, in his Principles of Political Economy, that existing laws and customs of private property ought to be reformed to promote a far more egalitarian form of capitalism than hitherto observed anywhere. He went on to suggest that such an ideal capitalism might evolve spontaneously into a decentralized socialism involving a market system of competing worker co-operatives. That possibility of market socialism emerged only as the working classes gradually developed the intellectual and moral qualities required for worker (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  44. Taking Property Rights Seriously: The Case of Climate Change: Jonathan H. Adler.Jonathan H. Adler - 2009 - Social Philosophy and Policy 26 (2):296-316.
    The dominant approach to environmental policy endorsed by conservative and libertarian policy thinkers, so-called “free market environmentalism”, is grounded in the recognition and protection of property rights in environmental resources. Despite this normative commitment to property rights, most self-described FME advocates adopt a utilitarian, welfare-maximization approach to climate change policy, arguing that the costs of mitigation measures could outweigh the costs of climate change itself. Yet even if anthropogenic climate change is decidedly less than catastrophic, human-induced climate change is likely (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  45. Review of Practical Shape: A Theory of Practical Reasoning, by Jonathan Dancy. [REVIEW]Jonathan Way - forthcoming - Ethics.
  46. Millian Qualitative Superiorities and Utilitarianism, Part I*: Jonathan Riley.Jonathan Riley - 2008 - Utilitas 20 (3):257-278.
    Arrhenius and Rabinowicz have argued that Millian qualitative superiorities are possible without assuming that any pleasure, or type of pleasure, is infinitely superior to another. But AR's analysis is fatally flawed in the context of ethical hedonism, where the assumption in question is necessary and sufficient for Millian qualitative superiorities. Marginalist analysis of the sort pressed by AR continues to have a valid role to play within any plausible version of hedonism, provided the fundamental incoherence that infects AR's use of (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  47.  29
    Rights and Social Choice: Is There a Paretian Libertarian Paradox?: Jonathan Pressler.Jonathan Pressler - 1987 - Economics and Philosophy 3 (1):1-22.
    In 1970 Amartya Sen exposed an apparent antinomy that has come to be known as the Paradox of the Paretian Libertarian. Sen introduced his paradox by establishing a simple but startling theorem. Roughly put, what he proved was that if a mechanism for selecting social choice functions satisfies two standard adequacy conditions, there are possible situations in which it will violate either the very weak libertarian precept that every individual has at least some rights or the seemingly innocuous Paretian principle (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  48.  1
    The Philosophy of Jonathan Edwards From His Private Notebooks.Jonathan Edwards - 1955 - Westport, Conn., Greenwood Press.
    Originally published posthumously in 1955, Harvey G. Townsend's Philosophy of Jonathan Edwards reprinted some of Edwards' most important early compositions on natural philosophy, Of Being and The Mind, and collected nearly two hundred Miscellanies entries, some of them published here for the first time. In his introduction, Townsend points to Edwards' radical idealism that derived from Christian Platonism and John Locke rather than George Berkeley, as commonly thought. Townsend's work represents an important sourcebook for Edwards' writings, and his introduction (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  49. Cognitive Penetration, Perceptual Learning and Neural Plasticity.Ariel S. Cecchi - 2014 - Dialectica 68 (1):63-95.
    Cognitive penetration of perception, broadly understood, is the influence that the cognitive system has on a perceptual system. The paper shows a form of cognitive penetration in the visual system which I call ‘architectural’. Architectural cognitive penetration is the process whereby the behaviour or the structure of the perceptual system is influenced by the cognitive system, which consequently may have an impact on the content of the perceptual experience. I scrutinize a study in perceptual learning that provides empirical evidence that (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   22 citations  
  50. The Nature of Hope.Ariel Meirav - 2009 - Ratio 22 (2):216-233.
    Both traditional accounts of hope and some of their recent critics analyze hope exclusively in terms of attitudes that a hoper bears towards a hoped-for prospect, such as desire and probability assignment. I argue that all of these accounts misidentify cases of despair as cases of hope, and so misconstrue the nature of hope. I show that a more satisfactory view is arrived at by noticing that in addition to the aforementioned attitudes, hope involves a characteristic attitude towards an external (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   55 citations  
1 — 50 / 1000