Results for 'Aristotelian realism'

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  1. Aristotelian Realist Philosophy of Mathematics.James Franklin - 2014 - Palgrave MacMillan.
    An Aristotelian Philosophy of Mathematics breaks the impasse between Platonist and nominalist views of mathematics. Neither a study of abstract objects nor a mere language or logic, mathematics is a science of real aspects of the world as much as biology is. For the first time, a philosophy of mathematics puts applied mathematics at the centre. Quantitative aspects of the world such as ratios of heights, and structural ones such as symmetry and continuity, are parts of the physical world (...)
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  2. Aristotelian Realism.James Franklin - 2009 - In A. Irvine (ed.), The Philosophy of Mathematics (Handbook of the Philosophy of Science series). North-Holland Elsevier.
    Aristotelian, or non-Platonist, realism holds that mathematics is a science of the real world, just as much as biology or sociology are. Where biology studies living things and sociology studies human social relations, mathematics studies the quantitative or structural aspects of things, such as ratios, or patterns, or complexity, or numerosity, or symmetry. Let us start with an example, as Aristotelians always prefer, an example that introduces the essential themes of the Aristotelian view of mathematics. A typical (...)
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  3.  54
    An Aristotelian Realist Philosophy of Mathematics: Mathematics as the Science of Quantity and Structure, by Franklin, James: Hampshire: Routledge, 2014, Pp. X + 308, £63. [REVIEW]Catherine Legg - 2015 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 93 (4):837-837.
  4.  19
    Critical Realism and Causality: Tracing the Aristotelian Legacy.Stephen Pratten - 2009 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 39 (2):189-218.
    Rom Harré's generative account of causality has been drawn on heavily by advocates of critical realism. Yet Harré argues that critical realists often exaggerate the extent to which powerful causal explanations of social phenomena can be developed. Certain proponents of critical realism have responded to Harré's criticisms by suggesting that it is useful to consider the relevant issues in relation to the familiar Aristotelian classification of four causes. In this paper I contribute to this debate and pursue (...)
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  5.  7
    How Should We Conduct Ourselves? Critical Realism and Aristotelian Teleology: A Framework for the Development of Virtues in Pedagogy and Curriculum.Bushra Sharar - 2018 - Journal of Critical Realism 17 (3):262-281.
    ABSTRACTFaced with the marketization of Higher Education in England, pedagogy is under pressure in ways that often undermine lecturers’ deeply held values. For instance, this pressure results in the reduction of significant aspects of teaching to narrow metrics and requires universities to operate within intrusive structures that subordinate their pedagogical aims to profit-orientated objectives. In this paper, I analyse the way that people can preserve their agency in this pedagogical context. I guide my analysis with a framework that combines critical (...)
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  6.  23
    James Franklin: An Aristotelian Realist Philosophy of Mathematics: Mathematics as the Science of Quantity and Structure.Peter Forrest - 2015 - Studia Neoaristotelica 12 (1):105-109.
  7.  24
    Review of An Aristotelian Realist Philosophy of Mathematics. [REVIEW]Max Jones - 2015 - Philosophia Mathematica 23 (2):281-288.
  8.  22
    An Aristotelian Realist Philosophy of Mathematics: Mathematics as the Science of Quantity and Structure by James Franklin. [REVIEW]Jude P. Dougherty - 2015 - Review of Metaphysics 68 (3):658-660.
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    An Aristotelian Realist Philosophy of Mathematics: Mathematics as the Science of Quantity and Structure.William Lane Craig - 2015 - Philosophia Christi 17 (1):225-230.
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  10. Scientific Reporting, Imagination, and Neo-Aristotelian Realism.Michael W. Tkacz - 2004 - The Thomist 68 (4):531-543.
     
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  11.  10
    Human Nature as a Source of Practical Truth: Aristotelian–Thomistic Realism and the Practical Science of Nursing.Beverly J. B. Whelton - 2002 - Nursing Philosophy 3 (1):35-46.
    This discussion is grounded in Aristotelian–Thomistic realism and takes the position that nursing is a practical science. As an exposition of the title statement, distinctions are made between opinion and truth, and the speculative, productive and practical sciences. Sources of opinion and truth are described and a discussion follows that truth can be achieved through knowing principles and causes of the natural kind behind phenomena. It is proposed that humans are the natural kind behind nursing phenomena. Thus, human (...)
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  12.  11
    Human Nature as a Source of Practical Truth: Aristotelian–Thomistic Realism and the Practical Science of Nursing.Beverly J. B. Whelton Rn - 2002 - Nursing Philosophy 3 (1):35-46.
  13.  10
    Human Nature as a Source of Practical Truth: Aristotelian-Thomistic Realism and the Practical Science of Nursing.Beverly J. B. Whelton RN - 2002 - Nursing Philosophy 3 (1):35-46.
  14. The Viability of Aristotelian-Thomistic Color Realism.Christopher A. Decaen - 2001 - The Thomist 65 (2):179-222.
     
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  15.  28
    Classical Realism and Aristotelian Essentialism.David McGraw - 2006 - In Paolo Valore (ed.), Topics on General and Formal Ontology. Polimetrica International Scientific Publisher. pp. 297.
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  16. Aristotelian Predicables, Universality and Realism. The Logic of Comparison in Topics as Denying the View That Aristotle Was a Realist.Giampaolo Abbate - 2011 - Philosophica -- Revista Do Departamento de Filosofia da Faculdade de Letras de Lisboa 38:7-32.
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  17. Suarez, Francisco Conception of Metaphysics+ Descriptive and Revisionary Philosophy and the Medieval Aristotelian Tradition of Realism-a Step in the Direction of Mentalism.Jje Gracia - 1991 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 65 (3):287-309.
     
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  18. Music and Metaphysics.Saam Trivedi - 2008 - Metaphilosophy 39 (1):124–143.
    In this article, I assume that musical works are abstract types, and I raise and address a new question concerning musical ontology that may take the types view at least a step further: When do musical works cease to exist? I then propound my view about musical works as types, which is somewhat like the Aristotelian Realist position concerning universals. Next, I address some objections to that view. Finally, I provide some grounds for rejecting alternative views that see Western (...)
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  19. Philosophy, Mathematics and Structure.James Franklin - 1995 - Philosopher: revue pour tous 1 (2):31-38.
    An early version of the work on mathematics as the science of structure that appeared later as An Aristotelian Realist Philosophy of Mathematics (2014).
     
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  20.  29
    Anthropocentric Realism About Values.Bryan Van Norden - 2014 - In Chenyang Li & Peimin Ni (eds.), Moral Cultivation and Confucian Character. Albany, NY, USA: State University of New York Press. pp. 65-96.
    31 The choice of human goals cannot be completely subjective, because 32 there are some (even ones that motivate many humans) that are simply 33 unintelligible as ultimate goals. For example, wealth is rational as an 34 intermediate goal, a means to achieving some further end, but it is simply 35 unintelligible to suggest that wealth is an ultimate goal in itself. Second, 36 we have seen that some things are reasonable to pursue as aspects of 37 our ultimate goals (...)
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  21. Realism in the Desert.Achille C. Varzi - 2014 - In Massimo Dell’Utri, Fabio Bacchini & Stefano Caputo (eds.), Realism and Ontology without Myths. Cambridge Scholars Press. pp. 16–31.
    Quine’s desert is generally contrasted with Meinong’s jungle, as a sober ontological alternative to the exuberant luxuriance that comes with the latter. Here I focus instead on the desert as a sober metaphysical alternative to the Aristotelian garden, with its tidily organized varieties of flora and fauna neatly governed by fundamental laws that reflect the essence of things and the way they can be, or the way they must be. In the desert there are no “natural joints”; all the (...)
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  22. What Generates the Realism/Anti-Realism Dichotomy?Jesse M. Mulder - 2012 - Philosophica 84 (1):53-84.
    The most basic divide amongst analytic metaphysicians separates realists from anti-realists. By examining certain characteristic and problematic features of these two families of views, we uncover their underlying metametaphysicalorientations, which turn out to coincide. This shared philosophical picture that underlies both the realist and the anti-realist project we call the Modern Picture. It rests on a crucial distinction between reality as it is for us and reality as it is in itself. It is argued that this distinction indeed generates the (...)
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  23. Metaphysical Realism as a Pre-Condition of Visual Perception.Stephen J. Boulter - 2004 - Biology and Philosophy 19 (2):243-261.
    In this paper I present a transcendental argument based on the findings of cognitive psychology and neurophysiology which invites two conclusions: First and foremost, that a pre-condition of visual perception itself is precisely what the Aristotelian and other commonsense realists maintain, namely, the independent existence of a featured, or pre-packaged world; second, this finding, combined with other reflections, suggests that, contra McDowell and other neo-Kantians, human beings have access to things as they are in the world via non-projective perception. (...)
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  24.  12
    Critical Realism and Common Goods.Mark Hoipkemier - 2016 - Journal of Critical Realism 15 (1):53-71.
    This article puts critical realism in conversation with the classical Aristotelian concept of the common good. This concept plays an essential explanatory role in Aristotelian thought, not only a normative one, and so it has something to offer critical realism, which in turn can provide a sound metatheory for common good reflection. It is argued that accounts of emergence based on causal powers and common purpose are compatible and mutually enlightening. Critical realism can develop a (...)
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  25. VII—Naive Realism and Diaphaneity.Craig French - 2018 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 118 (2):149-175.
    Naïve Realists think that the ordinary mind-independent objects that we perceive are constitutive of the character of experience. Some understand this in terms of the idea that experience is diaphanous: that the conscious character of a perceptual experience is entirely constituted by its objects. My main goal here is to argue that Naïve Realists should reject this, but I’ll also highlight some suggestions as to how Naïve Realism might be developed in a non-diaphanous direction.
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  26. Antirealist Expressivism and Quasi-Realism.Simon Blackburn - 2006 - In David Copp (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Ethical Theory. Oxford University Press. pp. 146--162.
    Expressivism is the view that the function of normative sentences is not to represent a kind of fact, but to avow attitudes, prescribe behavior, or the like. The idea can be found in David Hume. In the 20th century, G.E. Moore’s Open Question Argument provided important support for the view. Elizabeth Anscombe introduced the notion of “direction of fit,” which helped distinguish expressivism from a kind of naive subjectivism. The central advantage of expressivism is that it easily explains the motivational (...)
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  27.  18
    A Realist Conception of Truth.Frederick F. Schmitt & William P. Alston - 1997 - Philosophical Review 106 (4):617.
    Alston begins his exposition of the realist conception of truth in chapter 1 with a roughly Aristotelian formulation: “A statement is true if and only if what the statement says to be the case actually is the case”. This condition has the drawback that it defines truth via illocutionary acts; yet, as Alston argues, propositions are the most basic truth-bearers. Alston therefore turns to the universalized T-schema for a condition that characterizes the truth of propositions without mentioning illocutionary acts: (...)
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  28.  79
    Must Realists Be Skeptics? An Aristotelian Reply to a Darwinian Dilemma.Micah Lott - 2018 - Philosophical Studies 175 (1):71-96.
    In a series of influential essays, Sharon Street has argued, on the basis of Darwinian considerations, that normative realism leads to skepticism about moral knowledge. I argue that if we begin with the account of moral knowledge provided by Aristotelian naturalism, then we can offer a satisfactory realist response to Street’s argument, and that Aristotelian naturalism can avoid challenges facing other realist responses. I first explain Street’s evolutionary argument and three of the most prominent realist responses, and (...)
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  29.  15
    On the Prospects for Aristotelian Character Education.Daniel Lapsley - 2016 - Journal of Moral Education 45 (4):502-515.
    The prospects for Aristotelian character education is considered. Seven important claims that should win wide acceptance are reviewed; and also two challenges that are impediments. I argue many of the assumptions of ACE turn out not to be distinctive. The conflation of realism and naturalism is ill-considered, and the account of phronesis will need additional clarification to be helpful to educators, as will the specific recommendations on offer. I conclude with a suggestion that Dewey offers a powerful, empirically (...)
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  30. Moral Character Versus Situations: An Aristotelian Contribution to the Debate.Anna Marmodoro - 2011 - Journal of Ancient Philosophy 5 (2).
    In everyday life we assume substantial behavioural reliability in others, and on the basis of it we talk of people as acting “in character” and “out of character”. This common assumption seems intuitively well founded. But recent experiments in social psychology have generated philosophical controversy around it. In the context of this debate, John Doris challenges Aristotle’s well known and influential view that people’s behavioural reliability with respect to acting virtuously is underpinned by character traits, understood as settled and integrated (...)
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  31.  42
    Passion and Reason: Aristotelian Strategies in Kierkegaard's Ethics.Norman Lillegard - 2002 - Journal of Religious Ethics 30 (2):251 - 273.
    Both Aristotle and Kierkegaard show that virtues result, in part, from training which produces distinctive patterns of salience. The "frame problem" in AI shows that rationality requires salience. Salience is a function of cares and desires (passions) and thus governs choice in much the way Aristotle supposes when he describes choice as deliberative desire. Since rationality requires salience it follows that rationality requires passion. Thus Kierkegaard is no more an irrationalist in ethics than is Aristotle, though he continues to be (...)
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  32.  66
    The Importance of Metaphysical Realism for Ethical Knowledge: Douglas B. Rasmussen.Douglas B. Rasmussen - 2008 - Social Philosophy and Policy 25 (1):56-99.
    In this essay, I consider whether the alleged demise of metaphysical realism does actually provide a better way for defending the cognitive status of ethical judgments. I argue that the rejection of a realist ontology and epistemology does not help to establish the claim that ethical knowledge is possible. More specifically, I argue that Hilary Putnam's argument does not succeed in making a case for ethical knowledge. In fact, his account of the procedures by which our valuations are warranted—the (...)
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  33.  33
    Aristotelian Metaphysics and the Distinction Between Consciousness and the Real World in Husserl and Ingarden.Jeff Mitscherling - 2010 - Polish Journal of Philosophy 4 (2):137-156.
    While Ingarden makes only infrequent reference to Aristotle, The Philosopher’s presence can be discerned throughout his published works. Perhaps mostsignificantly, when Ingarden returned to work on Controversy over the Existence of the World in 1938, he immersed himself in the study of Aristotle’s Metaphysics, and the entire framework of Controversy appears to have been inspired by reflection on central Aristotelian concepts. Ingarden’s understanding of the Aristotelian conception of the relation between form and matter, and indeed the Aristotelian (...)
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  34.  65
    Ontology and Realism About Modality.Crawford L. Elder - 1999 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 77 (3):292 – 302.
    To be a realist about modality, need one claim that more exists than just the various objects and properties that populate the world—e.g. worlds other than the actual one, or maximal consistent sets of propositions? Or does the existence of objects and properties by itself involve the obtaining of necessities (and possibilities) in re? The latter position is now unpopular but not unfamiliar. Aristotle held that objects have essences, and hence necessarily have certain properties. Recently it has been argued that (...)
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  35.  34
    Chateaubriand’s Realist Conception of Logic.Frank Thomas Sautter - 2010 - Axiomathes 20 (2-3):357-364.
    I present the realist conception of logic supported by Oswaldo Chateaubriand which integrates ontological and epistemological aspects, opposing it to mathematical and linguistic conceptions. I give special attention to the peculiarities of his hierarchy of types in which some properties accumulate and others have a multiple degree. I explain such deviations of the traditional conception, showing the underlying purpose in each of these peculiarities. I compare the ideas of Chateaubriand to the similar ideas of Frege, Tarski and Gödel. I suggest (...)
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  36.  33
    Descartes and the Aristotelian Framework of Sensory Perception1.Joseph W. Hwang - 2011 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 35 (1):111-148.
    The primary aim of this paper is to provide a new account of Descartes’s positive philosophical view on sensory perception, and to do so in a way that will establish a hitherto unnoticed continuity between his thought and that of his scholastic Aristotelian predecessors on the topic of sensory perception. I will argue that the basic framework of the scholastic Aristotelian view on sensory perception (as traditionally understood) is operative within Descartes's own view, and then reveal some insights (...)
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  37.  72
    Metaphysical Accounts of Modality: A Comparative Evaluation of Lewisian and Neo-Aristotelian Modal Metaphysics.David Chua - unknown
    In this essay I comparatively evaluate two realist metaphysical accounts of modality: David Lewis’ (1986) genuine modal realism (GMR), and neo-Aristotelian modal realism (AMR) as put forth by Alexander Pruss (2011). GMR offers a reductive analysis of modal claims of possibility and necessity in terms of claims quantifying over concrete worlds and counterparts, and is in this way committed the existence of a plurality of concrete worlds other than the actual world; AMR, on the other hand, offers (...)
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  38.  41
    On the Possibility of Realist Dialetheism.Luis Estrada-Gonzáles - 2014 - SATS 15 (2):197-217.
    Realist dialetheism is the view that there are contradictions in reality. One argument against this idea says that it is impossible because it has to make room for the possibility of a trivial reality, which is metaphysically impossible. Another argument against it says that the metaphysical structure of reality is such that it is impossible to have contradictions in it. I argue here that both arguments fail to establish the impossibility of realist dialetheism because they are based on a misconception (...)
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  39.  61
    Johannes Sharpe's Ontology and Semantics: Oxford Realism Revisited.Alessandro Conti - 2005 - Vivarium 43 (1):156-186.
    The German Johannes Sharpe is the most important and original author of the so called "Oxford Realists": his semantic and metaphysical theories are the end product of the two main medieval philosophical traditions, realism and nominalism, for he contributed to the new form of realism inaugurated by Wyclif, but was receptive to many nominalist criticisms. Starting from the main thesis of Wyclif's metaphysics, that the universal and individual are really identical but formally distinct, Oxford Realists introduced a new (...)
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  40.  4
    Neo-Aristotelian Biofunctionalism.Diego Zucca - 2018 - Discipline Filosofiche 28 (1):291-234.
    Current biological sciences standardly ascribe proper functions to biological parts, traits and mechanisms. In addition, realism about proper functions has an important space within the ongoing debate in philosophy of biology. Functional ascriptions are often conceived of as tracking objective, observer-independent higher-level features of the inquired object, rather than merely depending on a methodological, descriptive or epistemic attitude. In this paper, I argue for a realist account of proper bio-functions based on standard causal explanations of an organism’s behaviour: such (...)
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  41.  23
    The Truth-Value of the Aristotelian 'Areti'.Ioanna Patsioti-Tsacpounidis - 2008 - Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 2:165-172.
    This paper examines the concept of ‘areti’ as encountered in the Aristotelian ethical system in order to establish its relationship to the modern concept of virtue as well as to that of moral truth, that is, to identify its truth-value. I intend to show that the Aristotelian ‘areti’ as a developed state of character and as an advanced stage of ethical understanding entails moral truth. ‘Areti’ as a good-in-itself possesses an intrinsic value which reflects moral truth, and as (...)
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  42.  47
    Realistic Idealism: An Aristotelian Alternative to Machiavellian International Relations.Pedro Alexis Tabensky - 2007 - Theoria 54 (113):97-111.
    In this paper I criticize political realism in International Relations for not being realistic enough, for being unrealistically pessimistic and ultimately incoherent. For them the international arena will always be a place where a battle of wills, informed by the logic of power, is fought. I grant that it may be true that the international political domain is a place where such battles are fought, but this alleged infelicitous situation does not in and of itself entail the normative pessimism (...)
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  43.  19
    What Are We to Understand Gracia to Mean? Realist Challenges to Metaphysical Neutralism.Gregory Bassham - 2007 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 81 (3):512-514.
    This book provides a series of challenges to Jorge J. E. Gracia’s views on metaphysics and categories made by realist philosophers in the Aristotelian and Thomistic traditions. Inclusion of Gracia’s responses to his critics makes this book a useful companion to Gracia’s Metaphysics and its Task: The Search for the Categorial Foundation of Knowledge .
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  44.  6
    Aristotelian Temporal Passage.Tony Roark - 2005 - Philosophical Writings 28 (1).
    The central challenge for the temporal realist is providing a coherent analysis of temporal passage, the apparent ‘flow’ of time from earlier to later. I show here how the account of time Aristotle presents in Physics IV could serve as a basis for just such an analysis, for his view is immune to the standard stock of objections levelled by twentieth century philosophers. And although his account is itself subject to a damning objection, I believe that the troublemaking element might (...)
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  45.  6
    Realistic Idealism: An Aristotelian Alternative to Machiavellian International Relations.Pedro Tabensky - 2007 - Theoria 54:97-111.
    In this paper I criticize political realism in International Relations for not being realistic enough, for being unrealistically pessimistic and ultimately incoherent. For them the international arena will always be a place where a battle of wills, informed by the logic of power, is fought. I grant that it may be true that the international political domain is a place where such battles are fought, but this alleged infelicitous situation does not in and of itself entail the normative pessimism (...)
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  46.  8
    Realism and Necessity.Ronald Jager - 1965 - Review of Metaphysics 18 (4):711 - 738.
    Professor Veatch's writings have a special significance here. In recent years he has been more concerned than most to accept this responsibility, and more concerned than many to insist upon its importance. Drawing out some of the implications of his earlier Intentional Logic and still—as then—relatively unconcerned about the fate of any particular necessary truth, he has attempted to relate a realistic doctrine of necessity to some non-realistic doctrines. His is, it should be remarked, not a realism which for (...)
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  47.  7
    Classical Realism and the Integration of Knowledge.Francis H. Parker - 1961 - Review of Metaphysics 14 (3):543 - 564.
    The theses maintained in Professor Martin's work are of two quite different types: theses about the natures and interrelations of the various kinds of knowledge and theses about the true philosophy and the false ones. The true philosophy is classical realism, the philosophy of "the Aristotelian-Aquinas tradi- tion". What is the relation between these two kinds of theses, between Mr. Martin's theory of the order and integration of knowledge, on the one hand, and his classical realism, on (...)
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  48.  95
    What Is "Realism"?Hilary Putnam - 1975 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 76:177 - 194.
  49.  26
    Theory, Realism and Common Sense: A Reply to Paul Churchland.John J. Haldane - 1992 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 93:321-327.
  50. Η σύγκρουση της αριστοτελικής αρετής με το σύγχρονο πολιτικό ρεαλισμό.Vasileios Vranas - 2017 - Conatus Journal of Philosophy 2 (1):13-20.
    Η αρετή κατά την Αριστοτέλη αποτελεί το μέσο για την πραγμάτωση του ανωτέρου όλων των αγαθών, της ευδαιμονίας. Η θέση αυτή είναι διάχυτη σε μεγάλο αριθμό έργων του όπως στα Πολιτικά, στα Ἠθικὰ Νικομάχεια, στα Ἠθικὰ Εὐδήμεια και στα Μεγάλα Ἠθικά, όπου ο Αριστοτέλης, όχι μόνο κατονομάζει την αρετή ως το ύψιστο αγαθό, αλλά προβαίνει ταυτόχρονα σε μίαν εις βάθος ανάλυση, ξεκινώντας από τον διαχωρισμό της σε δύο επιμέρους συνιστώσες. Έτσι, προκύπτει η διανοητική αρετή και η ηθική αρετή, όπου η (...)
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