Results for 'Aristotelianism'

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  1. Aristotelianism in the Philosophy of Mathematics.James Franklin - 2011 - Studia Neoaristotelica 8 (1):3-15.
    Modern philosophy of mathematics has been dominated by Platonism and nominalism, to the neglect of the Aristotelian realist option. Aristotelianism holds that mathematics studies certain real properties of the world – mathematics is neither about a disembodied world of “abstract objects”, as Platonism holds, nor it is merely a language of science, as nominalism holds. Aristotle’s theory that mathematics is the “science of quantity” is a good account of at least elementary mathematics: the ratio of two heights, for example, (...)
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  2. On Aristotelianism and Structures as Parts.Patrick Toner - 2013 - Ratio 26 (2):148-161.
    Aristotelian substance theory tells us that substances have structures (read: forms) as proper parts. This claim has recently been defended by Kathrin Koslicki who dubbed it the ‘Neo-Aristotelian Thesis.’ Strangely, Aristotelianism has not yet been universally embraced by philosophers – partly because some of its claims, such as the Neo-Aristotelian Thesis – are viewed by some as counterintuitive at best. In this paper, I argue for Aristotelianism by showing its philosophical usefulness: specifically, I put it to use in (...)
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  3.  76
    How Aristotelianism Can Become Revolutionary: Ethics, Resistance, and Utopia.Alasdair Macintyre - 2008 - Philosophy of Management 7 (1):3-7.
  4.  89
    How Aristotelianism Can Become Revolutionary : Ethics, Resistance, and Utopia.Alasdair MacIntyre - 2011 - In Paul Blackledge & Kelvin Knight (eds.), Philosophy of Management. University of Notre Dame Press. pp. 3-7.
  5. Medieval Aristotelianism and the Case Against Secondary Causation in Nature.Alfred J. Freddoso - 1988 - In Thomas V. Morris (ed.), Divine and Human Action: Essays in the Metaphysics of Theism. Cornell Up. pp. 74-118.
    Central to the western theistic understanding of divine providence is the conviction that God is the sovereign Lord of nature. He created the physical universe and continually conserves it in existence. What's more, He is always and everywhere active in it by His power. The operations of nature, be they minute or catastrophic, commonplace or unprecedented, are the work of His hands, and without His constant causal influence none of them would or could occur.
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  6.  44
    Contemporary Aristotelianism.John R. Wallach - 1992 - Political Theory 20 (4):613-641.
  7. Semirealism or Neo-Aristotelianism?Stathis Psillos - 2013 - Erkenntnis 78 (1):29 - 38.
    Chakravartty claims that science does not imply any specific metaphysical theory of the world. In this sense, science is consistent with both neo-Aristotelianism and neo-Humeanism. But, along with many others, he thinks that a neo-Aristotelian outlook best suits science. In other words, neo-Aristotelianism is supposed to win on the basis of an inference to the best explanation (IBE). I fail to see how IBE can be used to favour neo-Aristotelianism over neo-Humeanism. In this essay, I aim to (...)
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  8.  25
    Can Aristotelianism Make Sense of Perihelion–Aphelion Orbits?Louis Groarke - 2016 - Studia Neoaristotelica 13 (2):121-168.
    In general historical treatments, one often encounters the idea that Kepler’s and Newton’s discovery of elliptical planetary orbits marked a decisive break with tradition and definitively undermined any possibility of an Aristotelian approach to physics and astronomy. Although Aristotle had no understanding of gravity, I want to demonstrate that elliptical orbits were a refinement of earlier models and that one can produce an Aristotelian account of elliptical orbits once one corrects his crucial mistake about gravity. One interesting side-effect of this (...)
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  9. Revolutionary Aristotelianism.Kelvin Knight - 2011 - In Paul Blackledge & Kelvin Knight (eds.), Virtue and Politics: Alasdair Macintyre's Revolutionary Aristotelianism. University of Notre Dame Press.
     
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  10. Cultural Aristotelianism: An Explication and Defense.Reid Blackman - unknown
    The view that dominated the last century claims that ethical thought requires thinking of some things – e.g. pleasure, knowledge, virtue – as good “full stop,” or good simpliciter . Traditional Consequentialists, for instance, argue that moral evaluations of acts, motives, etc . are grounded in facts about the simple goodness of that which those things bring about. Similarly, some rational intuitionists think that claims about what one has reason to do are grounded in facts about what is good simpliciter (...)
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  11.  22
    Aristotelianism and the Longevity of the Medieval World View.Edward Grant - 1978 - History of Science 16 (2):93-106.
  12.  38
    The Aristotelianism of Bacon's Novum Organum.Robert E. Larsen - 1962 - Journal of the History of Ideas 23 (4):435.
    'dealing with a special problem and limited in its proof. . .shows how Aristotelian Bacon was in his methodology'; Vickers 1992, 505 dislikes intensely.
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  13. Platonism and Aristotelianism in Mathematics.Richard Pettigrew - 2008 - Philosophia Mathematica 16 (3):310-332.
    Philosophers of mathematics agree that the only interpretation of arithmetic that takes that discourse at 'face value' is one on which the expressions 'N', '0', '1', '+', and 'x' are treated as proper names. I argue that the interpretation on which these expressions are treated as akin to free variables has an equal claim to be the default interpretation of arithmetic. I show that no purely syntactic test can distinguish proper names from free variables, and I observe that any semantic (...)
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  14.  15
    Contextualizing Platonism and Decontextualizing Aristotelianism in the Ontology of Music.Nemesio García-Carril Puy - 2020 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 78 (2):183-196.
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  15.  39
    Aristotelianism and Modernity: Terence Irwin on the Development of Ethics.John Skorupski - 2012 - European Journal of Philosophy 20 (2):312-337.
  16.  12
    Aristotelianism Versus Communitarianism.Kelvin Knight - 2005 - Analyse & Kritik 27 (2):259-273.
    Alasdair MacIntyre is an Aristotelian critic of communitarianism, which he understands to be committed to the politics of the capitalist and bureaucratic nation state. The politics he proposes instead is based in the resistance to managerial institutions of what he calls 'practices', because these are schools of virtue. This shares little with the communitarianism of a Taylor or the Aristotelianism of a Gadamer. Although practices require formal institutions. MacIntyre opposes such conservative politics. Conventional accounts of a 'liberal-communitarian debate' in (...)
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  17.  20
    The Aristotelianism of Locke's Politics.J. S. Maloy - 2009 - Journal of the History of Ideas 70 (2):235-257.
  18.  5
    The Aristotelianism of Eustratios of Nicaea.Antony C. Lloyd - 1987 - In Vivian Nutton, Jutta Kolesh, H. J. Lulofs & Jürgen Wiesner (eds.), Kommentierung, Überlieferung, Nachleben. De Gruyter. pp. 341-351.
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  19.  24
    Aristotelianism in John of Salisbury's Policraticus.Cary J. Nederman & J. Brückmann - 1983 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 21 (2):203-229.
  20.  25
    Aristotelianism in John of Salisbury's.Cary J. Nederman & J. Brückmann - 1983 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 21 (2).
  21.  2
    Medieval Aristotelianism and its Limits: Classical Traditions in Moral and Political Philosophy, 12th-15th Centuries.Cary J. Nederman - 1997 - Variorum.
    This volume deals with the development of moral and political philosophy in the medieval West. Professor Nederman is concerned to trace the continuing influence of classical ideas, but emphasises that the very diversity and diffuseness of medieval thought shows that there is no single scheme that can account for the way these ideas were received, disseminated and reformulated by medieval ethical and political theorists.
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  22.  13
    Aristotelianism: Basis and Obstacle to Scientific Progress in the Middle Ages.Matthias Schramm - 1963 - History of Science 2:91.
  23.  14
    Aristotelianism in the Renaissance.Heinrich Kuhn - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  24. Reconsidering Surrogate Decision Making: Aristotelianism and Confucianism on Ideal Human Relations.Ruiping Fan - 2002 - Philosophy East and West 52 (3):346-372.
    The rise in the recent Western pattern of surrogate decision making is not a necessary result of an increase in the number of elderly with decreased competence; it may rather manifest the dominant Western vision of human life and relations. From a comparative philosophical standpoint, the Western pattern of medical decision making is individualistic, while the Chinese is familistic. These two distinct patterns may reflect two different comprehensive perspectives on human life and relations, disclosing a foundational difference that can be (...)
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  25.  68
    Values and Virtues: Aristotelianism in Contemporary Ethics.Timothy Chappell (ed.) - 2006 - Oxford University Press.
    After 25 centuries, Aristotle's influence on our society's moral thinking remains profound and he continues to be a very important contributor to contemporary debates in philosophical ethics. This collection showcases some of the best new writing on the Aristotelian notion of virtue of character, which remains central to much of the most interesting work in ethical theory.
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  26.  89
    Aristotelianism and the Soul in the Arabic Plotinus.Peter Adamson - 2001 - Journal of the History of Ideas 62 (2):211-232.
  27.  28
    The Mechanisation of Aristotelianism: The Late Aristotelian Setting of Thomas Hobbes' Natural Philosophy.Cornelis Hendrik Leijenhorst - 2002 - Brill.
    This book discusses the Aristotelian setting of Thomas Hobbes' main work on natural philosophy, "De Corpore (1655).
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  28.  13
    Aristotelianism and the Origins of "Political Science" in the Twelfth Century.Cary J. Nederman - 1991 - Journal of the History of Ideas 52 (2):179-194.
  29.  87
    From Aristotle to Marx: Aristotelianism in Marxist Social Ontology.J. Pike - 1999
    Examining the ontological commitments that Marx and later Marxists inherited from Aristotle, this book shows why ontological commitments are important. It also explains the Aristotelian reading of Marx, linking this to a critique of analytical Marxism and the philosophy of later Lukacs.
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  30.  11
    Aristotelianism and Libertarianism.Richard Kraut - 1997 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 11 (3):359-372.
    In Liberty and Nature, Rasmussen and Den Uyl use an Aristotelian conception of the human good to provide a foundation for libertarianism. Their principal argument is that intelligence and virtue are necessary ingredients in every flourishing human life, but since these are not goods that the state can distribute to individuals, governments can play only a modest role in promoting the common good. The state best promotes the well?being of its citizens by allowing them to, pursue happiness in a manner (...)
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  31.  10
    Stoic Physics and the Aristotelianism of Posidonius.Eduardo Boechat - 2016 - Ancient Philosophy 36 (2):425-463.
  32.  1
    Thomas Aquinas and Radical Aristotelianism.Fernand van Steenberghen - 1980
    Revisions of three lectures given at Catholic University of America in March 1978. Includes bibliographical references and indexes. Introduction.--The first lecture, Eternity of the world.--The second lectures, Monopsychism.--The third lecture, Rationalism.
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  33.  88
    Powers and Capacities in Philosophy: The New Aristotelianism.John Greco & Ruth Groff (eds.) - 2012 - Routledge.
    "Powers and Capacities in Philosophy" is designed to stake out an emerging, discipline-spanning neo-Aristotelian framework grounded in realism about causal powers. The volume brings together for the first time original essays by leading philosophers working on powers in relation to metaphysics, philosophy of natural and social science, philosophy of mind and action, epistemology, ethics and social and political philosophy. In each area, the concern is to show how a commitment to real causal powers affects discussion at the level in question. (...)
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  34.  10
    Thomism and Aristotelianism.John Wild & Harry V. Jaffa - 1953 - Philosophical Review 62 (3):447.
  35.  26
    The Meaning of "Aristotelianism" in Medieval Moral and Political Thought.Cary J. Nederman - 1996 - Journal of the History of Ideas 57 (4):563-585.
  36. Uninstantiated Properties and Semi-Platonist Aristotelianism.James Franklin - 2015 - Review of Metaphysics 69 (1):25-45.
    A problem for Aristotelian realist accounts of universals (neither Platonist nor nominalist) is the status of those universals that happen not to be realised in the physical (or any other) world. They perhaps include uninstantiated shades of blue and huge infinite cardinals. Should they be altogether excluded (as in D.M. Armstrong's theory of universals) or accorded some sort of reality? Surely truths about ratios are true even of ratios that are too big to be instantiated - what is the truthmaker (...)
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  37.  9
    Thomism and Aristotelianism: A Study of the Commentary by Thomas Aquinas on the Nicomachean Ethics.Harry V. Jaffa - 1952 - University of Chicago Press.
  38. Towards a Reassessment of British Aristotelianism.Marco Sgarbi - 2012 - Vivarium 50 (1):85-109.
    Abstract The aim of the paper is to reassess the role of British Aristotelianism within the history of early modern logic between the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, as a crucial moment of cultural transition from the model of humanistic rhetoric and dialectic to that of facultative logic, that is, a logic which concerns the study of the cognitive powers of the mind. The paper shows that there is a special connection between Paduan Aristotelianism and British empiricism, through the (...)
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  39. Aristotelianism.Burns Tony - 2010 - In Mark Bevir (ed.), Sage Encyclopaedia of Political Theory. London: Sage. pp. 71-77.
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  40.  37
    Galileo and Pisan Aristotelianism: Galileo's De Motu Antiquiora and the Quaestiones De Motu Elementorum of the Pisan Professors.Mario Helbing & Michele Camerota - 2000 - Early Science and Medicine 5 (4):319-366.
    The group of writings entitled De motu constitutes Galileo's earliest writings on dynamics. These manuscripts are usually dated to the years 1589 to 1592, when Galileo taught mathematics at the University of Pisa. Among their characteristics, the application of dynamic principles of Archimedean hydrostatics to the problem of motion stands out, as does their anti-Aristotelian tone. This paper tries to embed these writings within the cultural context in which they were created by documenting their link to the debate over the (...)
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  41. Padua Aristotelianism: An Appraisal. Randall Jr - 1960 - Atti Del XII Congresso Internazionale di Filosofia 9:199-206.
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  42. Paduan Aristotelianism Reconsidered.John H. Randall Jr - 1976 - In Paul Oskar Kristeller & Edward P. Mahoney (eds.), Philosophy and Humanism: Renaissance Essays in Honor of Paul Oskar Kristeller. Columbia University Press.
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  43.  55
    There is Something About Aristotle: The Pros and Cons of Aristotelianism in Contemporary Moral Education.Kristján Kristjánsson - 2014 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 48 (1):48-68.
    The aim of this article is to pinpoint some of the features that do—or should—make Aristotelianism attractive to current moral educators. At the same time, it also identifies theoretical and practical shortcomings that contemporary Aristotelians have been overly cavalier about. Section II presents a brisk tour of ten of the ‘pros’: features that are attractive because they accommodate certain powerful and prevailing assumptions in current moral philosophy and moral psychology—applying them to moral education. Section III explores five versions of (...)
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  44.  52
    Aristotelian Marxism/Marxist Aristotelianism.Ruth Groff - 2012 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 38 (8):775-792.
    I argue that Aristotelians who are sympathetic to the critique of liberal moral categories put forward by Alasdair MacIntyre ought to avail themselves of Marx's analysis of capitalism in Capital, Volume 1. Broadly speaking, there are two reasons for such a recommendation. First, Marx's account shows capitalism to be the sociological substrate for the evisceration of particularity that so concerns MacIntyre and other Aristotelians. I offer an explanation for why MacIntyre seems not to appreciate this. Second, Marx's own thinking is (...)
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  45. The Foundations of Neo-Aristotelianism: Critical Notice of Michael Thompson, Life and Action.Talbot Brewer - 2009 - Philosophical Books 50 (4):197-212.
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  46.  21
    Animism, Aristotelianism, and the Legacy of William Gilbert’s De Magnete.Jeff Kochan - 2021 - Perspectives on Science 29 (2):157-188.
    William Gilbert’s 1600 book, De magnete, greatly influenced early modern natural philosophy. The book describes an impressive array of physical experiments, but it also advances a metaphysical view at odds with the soon to emerge mechanical philosophy. That view was animism. I distinguish two kinds of animism – Aristotelian and Platonic – and argue that Gilbert was an Aristotelian animist. Taking Robert Boyle as an example, I then show that early modern arguments against animism were often effective only against Platonic (...)
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  47.  7
    Aristotelianism, Pegis, and the Summa Contra Gentiles, II, 56.John Yardan - 1961 - New Scholasticism 35 (3):369-372.
  48.  17
    Life and Mind: Varieties of Neo-Aristotelianism: Naive, Sophisticated, Hegelian.Andrea Kern - 2020 - Hegel Bulletin 41 (1):40-60.
    In his treatment of subjective mind, Hegel argues that the development that characterizes the vital process of a human individual is logically unique in that it dissolves the contradiction between two logical determinations that characterize any vital activity: the contradiction between the ‘immediate singularity’ of the subject of this process and its ‘abstract generality’. Hegel employs the term Bildung to characterize any vital activity that has this form. The idea that the distinction between human life and non-human life is a (...)
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  49.  47
    Thomism and Aristotelianism: A Study of the Commentary by Thomas Aquinas on the Nicomachean Ethics.Harry V. Jaffa - 1979 - Greenwood Press.
    A Study of the Commentary by Thomas Aquinas on the Nicomachean Ethics. Reprint of the edition published by the University of Chicago Press, Chicago. Includes bibliography and index.
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  50. Aristotelianism, Apriorism, Essentialism.Barry Smith - 1994 - In Peter Boettke (ed.), The Elgar Companion to Austrian Economics. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgard. pp. 33-37.
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