Results for 'Aristotelianism'

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  1.  65
    Aristotelianism in the Philosophy of Mathematics.James Franklin - 2011 - Studia Neoaristotelica 8 (1):3-15.
    Modern philosophy of mathematics has been dominated by Platonism and nominalism, to the neglect of the Aristotelian realist option. Aristotelianism holds that mathematics studies certain real properties of the world – mathematics is neither about a disembodied world of “abstract objects”, as Platonism holds, nor it is merely a language of science, as nominalism holds. Aristotle’s theory that mathematics is the “science of quantity” is a good account of at least elementary mathematics: the ratio of two heights, for example, (...)
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  2.  47
    Towards a Reassessment of British Aristotelianism.Marco Sgarbi - 2012 - Vivarium 50 (1):85-109.
    Abstract The aim of the paper is to reassess the role of British Aristotelianism within the history of early modern logic between the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, as a crucial moment of cultural transition from the model of humanistic rhetoric and dialectic to that of facultative logic, that is, a logic which concerns the study of the cognitive powers of the mind. The paper shows that there is a special connection between Paduan Aristotelianism and British empiricism, through the (...)
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  3. Aristotelianism.Burns Tony - 2010 - In Mark Bevir (ed.), Sage Encyclopaedia of Political Theory. London: Sage. pp. 71-77.
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  4.  12
    A Whole Lot of Misery: Adorno's Negative Aristotelianism.F. Freyenhagen - forthcoming - European Journal of Philosophy.
    To read Adorno as a negativist Aristotelian was always going to be controversial. It is, thus, unsurprising that the common critical concern running through the three reviews assembled here is the Aristotelianism I ascribe to Adorno. I am immensely grateful for these generous and thoughtful contributions, and in what follows I will try to do justice to the concerns they raise. I focus on the ascription of Aristotelianism as the major concern, but I also discuss related and wider (...)
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  5.  28
    There is Something About Aristotle: The Pros and Cons of Aristotelianism in Contemporary Moral Education.Kristján Kristjánsson - 2014 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 48 (1):48-68.
    The aim of this article is to pinpoint some of the features that do—or should—make Aristotelianism attractive to current moral educators. At the same time, it also identifies theoretical and practical shortcomings that contemporary Aristotelians have been overly cavalier about. Section II presents a brisk tour of ten of the ‘pros’: features that are attractive because they accommodate certain powerful and prevailing assumptions in current moral philosophy and moral psychology—applying them to moral education. Section III explores five versions of (...)
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  6. On Aristotelianism and Structures as Parts.Patrick Toner - 2013 - Ratio 26 (2):148-161.
    Aristotelian substance theory tells us that substances have structures (read: forms) as proper parts. This claim has recently been defended by Kathrin Koslicki who dubbed it the ‘Neo-Aristotelian Thesis.’ Strangely, Aristotelianism has not yet been universally embraced by philosophers – partly because some of its claims, such as the Neo-Aristotelian Thesis – are viewed by some as counterintuitive at best. In this paper, I argue for Aristotelianism by showing its philosophical usefulness: specifically, I put it to use in (...)
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  7. Semirealism or Neo-Aristotelianism?Stathis Psillos - 2013 - Erkenntnis 78 (1):29 - 38.
    Chakravartty claims that science does not imply any specific metaphysical theory of the world. In this sense, science is consistent with both neo-Aristotelianism and neo-Humeanism. But, along with many others, he thinks that a neo-Aristotelian outlook best suits science. In other words, neo-Aristotelianism is supposed to win on the basis of an inference to the best explanation (IBE). I fail to see how IBE can be used to favour neo-Aristotelianism over neo-Humeanism. In this essay, I aim to (...)
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  8. Virtue and Politics: Alasdair Macintyre's Revolutionary Aristotelianism.Paul Blackledge & Kelvin Knight (eds.) - 2011 - University of Notre Dame Press.
    The essays in this collection explore the implications of Alasdair MacIntyre's critique of liberalism, capitalism, and the modern state, his early Marxism, and the complex influences of Marxist ideas on his thought. A central idea is that MacIntyre's political and social theory is a form of revolutionary--not reactionary--Aristotelianism. The contributors aim, in varying degrees, both to engage with the theoretical issues of MacIntyre's critique and to extend and deepen his insights. The book features a new introductory essay by MacIntyre, (...)
     
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  9.  32
    Cultural Aristotelianism: An Explication and Defense.Reid Blackman - unknown
    The view that dominated the last century claims that ethical thought requires thinking of some things – e.g. pleasure, knowledge, virtue – as good “full stop,” or good simpliciter . Traditional Consequentialists, for instance, argue that moral evaluations of acts, motives, etc . are grounded in facts about the simple goodness of that which those things bring about. Similarly, some rational intuitionists think that claims about what one has reason to do are grounded in facts about what is good simpliciter (...)
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  10.  2
    A Whole Lot of Misery: Adorno's Negative Aristotelianism.Freyenhagen Fabian - 2017 - European Journal of Philosophy 25 (2):861-874.
    To read Adorno as a negativist Aristotelian was always going to be controversial. It is, thus, unsurprising that the common critical concern running through the three reviews assembled here is the Aristotelianism I ascribe to Adorno. I am immensely grateful for these generous and thoughtful contributions, and in what follows I will try to do justice to the concerns they raise. I focus on the ascription of Aristotelianism as the major concern, but I also discuss related and wider (...)
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  11.  7
    Can Aristotelianism Make Sense of Perihelion–Aphelion Orbits?Louis Groarke - 2016 - Studia Neoaristotelica 13 (2):121-168.
    In general historical treatments, one often encounters the idea that Kepler’s and Newton’s discovery of elliptical planetary orbits marked a decisive break with tradition and definitively undermined any possibility of an Aristotelian approach to physics and astronomy. Although Aristotle had no understanding of gravity, I want to demonstrate that elliptical orbits were a refinement of earlier models and that one can produce an Aristotelian account of elliptical orbits once one corrects his crucial mistake about gravity. One interesting side-effect of this (...)
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  12. Human Nature, Flourishing, and Happiness: Toward a Synthesis of Aristotelianism, Austrian Economics, Positive Psychology, and Ayn Rand's Objectivism.Edward Younkins - 2010 - Libertarian Papers 2:35.
    This article presents a skeleton of a potential paradigm of human flourishing and happiness in a free society. It is an exploratory attempt to construct an understanding from various disciplines and to integrate them into a clear, consistent, coherent, and systematic whole. Holding that there are essential interconnections among objective ideas, the article specifically emphasizes the compatibility of Aristotelianism, Austrian Economics, Positive Psychology, and Ayn Rand’s Objectivism arguing that particular ideas from these areas can be integrated into a paradigm (...)
     
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  13. Revolutionary Aristotelianism? : The Political Thought of Aristotle, Marx, and MacIntyre.Tony Burns - 2011 - In Paul Blackledge & Kelvin Knight (eds.), Virtue and Politics: Alasdair Macintyre's Revolutionary Aristotelianism. University of Notre Dame Press.
  14.  33
    Instantaneous Change and the Physics of Sanctification: "Quasi-Aristotelianism" in Henry of Ghent's Quodlibet XV Q. 13.Susan Brower-Toland - 2002 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 40 (1):19-46.
    In Quodlibet XV q.13, Henry of Ghent considers whether the Virgin Mary was immaculately conceived. He argues that she was not, but rather possessed sin only at the first instant of her existence. Because Henry’s defense of this position involves an elaborate discussion of motion and mutation, his discussion marks an important contribution to medieval discussions of Aristotelian natural philosophy. In fact, a number of scholars have identified Henry’s discussion as the source of an unusual fourteenth-century theory of change referred (...)
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  15.  10
    The Impact of Aristotelianism on Modern Philosophy (Studies in Philosophy and the History of Philosophy, Vol 39).Riccardo Pozzo - 2006 - Review of Metaphysics 3 (235):563.
    In this volume, thirteen distinguished scholars consider the impact of Aristotelianism on modern philosophy. Spanning the last five centuries, the articles examine Aristotelian issues present in the writings of late scholastic, Renaissance, and early modern philosophers, such as: Vernia, Barbaro, Cajetan, Nifo, Piccolomini, Zabarella, Galileo, Campanella, Semery, Leibniz, Rousseau, Kant, Hegel, Nietzsche, Husserl, Heidegger, Wittgenstein, and Gadamer. The contributors pay particular attention to the role of the five intellectual virtues set forth by Aristotle in book VI of the Nicomachean (...)
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  16.  2
    Aristotelianism in the Philosophy of Mathematics: A Journal of Analytic Scholasticism.James Franklin - 2011 - Studia Neoaristotelica 8 (1):3-15.
    Modern philosophy of mathematics has been dominated by Platonism and nominalism, to the neglect of the Aristotelian realist option. Aristotelianism holds that mathematics studies certain real properties of the world – mathematics is neither about a disembodied world of “abstract objects”, as Platonism holds, nor it is merely a language of science, as nominalism holds. Aristotle’s theory that mathematics is the “science of quantity” is a good account of at least elementarymathematics: the ratio of two heights, for example, is (...)
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  17.  8
    The Moment of No Return: The University of Paris and the Death of Aristotelianism.Laurence Brockliss - 2006 - Science and Education 15 (2-4):259-278.
    Aristotelianism remained the dominant influence on the course of natural philosophy taught at the University of Paris until the 1690s, when it was swiftly replaced by Cartesianism. The change was not one wanted by church or state and it can only be understood by developments within the wider University. On the one hand, the opening of a new college, the Collège de Mazarin, provided an environment in which the mechanical philosophy could flourish. On the other, divisions within the French (...)
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  18.  3
    Aristotelianism Versus Communitarianism.Kelvin Knight - 2005 - Analyse & Kritik 27 (2):259-273.
    Alasdair MacIntyre is an Aristotelian critic of communitarianism, which he understands to be committed to the politics of the capitalist and bureaucratic nation state. The politics he proposes instead is based in the resistance to managerial institutions of what he calls 'practices', because these are schools of virtue. This shares little with the communitarianism of a Taylor or the Aristotelianism of a Gadamer. Although practices require formal institutions. MacIntyre opposes such conservative politics. Conventional accounts of a 'liberal-communitarian debate' in (...)
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  19.  9
    Instantaneous Change and the Physics of Sanctification: "Quasi-Aristotelianism" in Henry of Ghent's.Susan Brower-Toland - 2002 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 40 (1).
    In Quodlibet XV q.13, Henry of Ghent considers whether the Virgin Mary was immaculately conceived. He argues that she was not, but rather possessed sin only at the first instant of her existence. Because Henry’s defense of this position involves an elaborate discussion of motion and mutation, his discussion marks an important contribution to medieval discussions of Aristotelian natural philosophy. In fact, a number of scholars have identified Henry’s discussion as the source of an unusual fourteenth-century theory of change referred (...)
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  20. Timothy Chappell (Ed.), Values and Virtues: Aristotelianism in Contemporary Ethics.Elvio Baccarini - 2007 - Rhizai. A Journal for Ancient Philosophy and Science 2:389-394.
    Review on Timothy Chappell , Values and Virtues: Aristotelianism in Contemporary Ethics, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 2006.
     
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  21. Revolutionary Aristotelianism.Kelvin Knight - 2011 - In Paul Blackledge & Kelvin Knight (eds.), Virtue and Politics: Alasdair Macintyre's Revolutionary Aristotelianism. University of Notre Dame Press.
     
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  22. A Whole Lot of Misery: Adorno's Negative Aristotelianism-Replies to Allen, Celikates, and O'Connor.Freyenhagen Fabian - 2017 - European Journal of Philosophy 25 (3):861-874.
    Can one both be an Aristotelian in ethics and a negativist, whereby the latter involves subscribing to the view that the good cannot be known in our social context but that ethical guidance is nonetheless possible in virtue of a pluralist conception of the bad? Moreover, is it possible to combine Aristotelianism with a thoroughly historical outlook? I have argued that such combinations are, indeed, possible, and that we can find an example of them in Adorno's work. In this (...)
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  23. New Perspectives on Aristotelianism and its Critics.Miira Tuominen, Sara Heinämaa & Virpi Mäkinen (eds.) - 2014 - Brill.
    New Perspectives on Aristotelianism and Its Critics traces Aristotelian influences in modern and pre-modern discourses on knowledge, rights, and the good life. The contributions offer new insights on contemporary discussions on life in its cognitive, political, and ethical dimensions.
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  24. The Influence of Aristotelianism on the Explanation of Action by Thomas Aquinas and Raymund Lullus.Peter Volek - 2011 - Filozofia 66 (1):11-23.
    The paper examines the influence of aristotelianism on the explanation of action by Thomas Aquinas and Raymund Lullus. The main focus is on the basic elements of this influence, on the originality of the thought of Thomas Aquinas and Raymund Lullus, on their different interpretations of action in comparison with aristotelianism, and on reasons leading to different ways of accepting aristotelianism.
     
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  25. Flourishing & Happiness in a Free Society: Toward a Synthesis of Aristotelianism, Austrian Economics, and Ayn Rand's Objectivism.Edward W. Younkins - 2011 - Upa.
    This book emphasizes the compatibility of Aristotelianism, Austrian economics, and Ayn Rand's Objectivism, arguing that particular ideas from these areas can be integrated as a potential paradigm of human flourishing and happiness in a free society. It constructs an understanding from various disciplines into a clear, consistent, and systematic whole.
     
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  26.  2
    Interests Without History? Some Difficulties for a Negative Aristotelianism.O'Connor Brian - 2017 - European Journal of Philosophy 25 (3):854-860.
    This paper focuses on 3 features of Freyenhagen's Aristotelian version of Adorno. It challenges the strict negativism Freyenhagen finds in Adorno. If we have morally relevant interests in ourselves, it is implicit that we have a standard by which to understand what is both good and bad for us. Because strict negativism operates without reference to what is good, it seems to be detached from real interests too. Torture, it is argued, is, among other things, a violation of those interests. (...)
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  27. Reconsidering Surrogate Decision Making: Aristotelianism and Confucianism on Ideal Human Relations.Ruiping Fan - 2002 - Philosophy East and West 52 (3):346-372.
    The rise in the recent Western pattern of surrogate decision making is not a necessary result of an increase in the number of elderly with decreased competence; it may rather manifest the dominant Western vision of human life and relations. From a comparative philosophical standpoint, the Western pattern of medical decision making is individualistic, while the Chinese is familistic. These two distinct patterns may reflect two different comprehensive perspectives on human life and relations, disclosing a foundational difference that can be (...)
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  28. Uninstantiated Properties and Semi-Platonist Aristotelianism.James Franklin - 2015 - Review of Metaphysics 69 (1):25-45.
    Once the reality of properties is admitted, there are two fundamentally different realist theories of properties. Platonist or transcendent realism holds that properties are abstract objects in the classical sense, of being nonmental, nonspatial, and causally inefficacious. By contrast, Aristotelian or moderate realism takes properties to be literally instantiated in things. An apple’s color and shape are as real and physical as the apple itself. The most direct reason for taking an Aristotelian realist view of properties is that we perceive (...)
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  29.  77
    Platonism and Aristotelianism in Mathematics.Richard Pettigrew - 2007 - Philosophia Mathematica 16 (3):310-332.
    Philosophers of mathematics agree that the only interpretation of arithmetic that takes that discourse at 'face value' is one on which the expressions 'N', '0', '1', '+', and 'x' are treated as proper names. I argue that the interpretation on which these expressions are treated as akin to free variables has an equal claim to be the default interpretation of arithmetic. I show that no purely syntactic test can distinguish proper names from free variables, and I observe that any semantic (...)
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  30.  79
    Powers and Capacities in Philosophy: The New Aristotelianism. By Ruth Groff and John Greco. [REVIEW]Tamer Nawar - 2014 - Philosophical Quarterly 64 (257):670-672.
  31.  13
    Scientific Knowledge and the Metaphysics of Experience The Debate in Early Modern Aristotelianism.Stefan Heßbrüggen-Walter - 2013 - Studia Neoaristotelica 10 (2):134-156.
    Early modern commentaries on Aristotle’s Metaphysics contain a lively debate on whether experience is ‘rational’, so that it may count as ‘proto-knowledge’, or whether experience is ‘non-rational’, so that experience must be regarded as a primarily perceptual process. If experience is just a repetitive apprehension of sensory contents, the connection of terms in a scientific proposition can be known without any experiential input, as the ‘non-rational’ Scotists state. ‘Rational’ Thomists believe that all principles of scientific knowledge must rely on experiential (...)
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  32. The Vitality and Importance of Early Modern Aristotelianism.Christia Mercer - 1993 - In Tom Sorell (ed.), The Rise Of Modern Philosophy: The Tension Between the New and Traditional Philosophies from Machiavelli to Leibniz. Oxford University Press.
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  33.  23
    How Aristotelianism Can Become Revolutionary.Alasdair MacIntyre - 2008 - Philosophy of Management 7 (1):3-7.
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  34.  73
    Medieval Aristotelianism and the Case Against Secondary Causation in Nature.Alfred Freddoso - 1988 - In Thomas V. Morris (ed.), Divine and Human Action: Essays in the Metaphysics of Theism. Cornell Up. pp. 74-118.
    Central to the western theistic understanding of divine providence is the conviction that God is the sovereign Lord of nature. He created the physical universe and continually conserves it in existence. What's more, He is always and everywhere active in it by His power. The operations of nature, be they minute or catastrophic, commonplace or unprecedented, are the work of His hands, and without His constant causal influence none of them would or could occur.
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  35.  37
    How Aristotelianism Can Become Revolutionary : Ethics, Resistance, and Utopia.Alasdair MacIntyre - 2011 - In Paul Blackledge & Kelvin Knight (eds.), Philosophy of Management. University of Notre Dame Press. pp. 3-7.
  36.  94
    The Aristotelianism at the Core of Leibniz's Philosophy.Christia Mercer - 2002 - In C. H. Leijenhorst J. M. M. H. Thijssen & C. H. Lüthy (eds.), The Dynamics of Aristotelian Natural Philosophy from Antiquity to the Seventeenth Century. Brill Academic Publisher.
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  37.  36
    Contemporary Aristotelianism.J. R. Wallach - 1992 - Political Theory 20 (4):613-641.
  38.  78
    Review of Groff and Greco, Powers and Capacities in Philosophy: The New Aristotelianism[REVIEW]Troy Cross - 2013 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews.
  39.  3
    MacIntyre’s Contemporary Aristotelianism: Aristotelianism as a Tradition.Eleni Leontsini - 2010 - Phainomena 72:153-165.
    Since the 1980’s, a key issue in political philosophy has been the debate between communitarian philosophers, such as Alasdair MacIntyre, Michael Sandel, Michael Walzer and Charles Taylor, and those who support forms of liberal individualism, such as that found in Rawls’s Theory of Justice. In this debate, reference has quite often been made to Aristotle. This is particularly so in the case of Alasdair MacIntyre, who is frequently seen as presenting a neo-Aristotelian view. Nevertheless, it is not clear whether MacIntyre (...)
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  40.  15
    The Mechanisation of Aristotelianism: The Late Aristotelian Setting of Thomas Hobbes' Natural Philosophy.Cornelis Hendrik Leijenhorst - 2002 - Brill.
    This book discusses the Aristotelian setting of Thomas Hobbes' main work on natural philosophy, "De Corpore (1655).
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  41.  92
    The Foundations of Neo-Aristotelianism: Critical Notice of Michael Thompson, Life and Action.Talbot Brewer - 2009 - Philosophical Books 50 (4):197-212.
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  42.  15
    Time and Perception in Late Renaissance Aristotelianism.Michael Edwards - 2008 - In Kärkkäinen Knuuttila (ed.), Theories of Perception in Medieval and Early Modern Philosophy. pp. 225--244.
  43.  2
    Aristotelianism, Apriorism, Essentialism.Barry Smith - 1994 - In Peter Boettke (ed.), The Elgar Companion to Austrian Economics. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgard. pp. 33-37.
  44.  10
    Towards a Reassessment of Renaissance Aristotelianism.Charles B. Schmitt - 1973 - History of Science 11 (3):159-193.
  45.  28
    Galileo and Pisan Aristotelianism: Galileo's De Motu Antiquiora and the Quaestiones De Motu Elementorum of the Pisan Professors.Mario Helbing & Michele Camerota - 2000 - Early Science and Medicine 5 (4):319-366.
    The group of writings entitled De motu constitutes Galileo's earliest writings on dynamics. These manuscripts are usually dated to the years 1589 to 1592, when Galileo taught mathematics at the University of Pisa. Among their characteristics, the application of dynamic principles of Archimedean hydrostatics to the problem of motion stands out, as does their anti-Aristotelian tone. This paper tries to embed these writings within the cultural context in which they were created by documenting their link to the debate over the (...)
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  46.  42
    Values and Virtues: Aristotelianism in Contemporary Ethics.T. D. J. Chappell (ed.) - 2006 - Oxford University Press.
    After 25 centuries, Aristotle's influence on our society's moral thinking remains profound and he continues to be a very important contributor to contemporary debates in philosophical ethics. This collection showcases some of the best new writing on the Aristotelian notion of virtue of character, which remains central to much of the most interesting work in ethical theory.
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  47.  11
    The Aristotelianism of Locke's Politics.J. S. Maloy - 2009 - Journal of the History of Ideas 70 (2):235-257.
  48.  23
    Aristotelianism and Modern Physics.Edward MacKinnon - 1964 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 38:102-109.
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  49. Pietro Pomponazzi (1462-1525) : Secular Aristotelianism in the Renaissance.Jill Kraye - 2010 - In Paul Richard Blum (ed.), Philosophers of the Renaissance. Catholic University of America Press.
  50.  86
    Roger Bacon and Aristotelianism.Jeremiah Hackett - 1997 - Vivarium 35 (2):129-135.
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