Results for 'Arne ��hman'

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  1. Perception, Empathy, and Judgment: An Inquiry Into the Preconditions of Moral Performance.Arne Johan Vetlesen - 1993 - Pennsylvania State University Press.
    _In Perception, Empathy, and Judgment_ Arne Johan Vetlesen focuses on the indispensable role of emotion, especially the faculty of empathy, in morality. He contends that moral conduct is severely threatened once empathy is prevented from taking part in an interplay with cognitive faculties in acts of moral perception and judgment. Drawing on developmental psychology, especially British "object relations" theory, to illuminate the nature and functioning of empathy, Vetlesen shows how moral performance is constituted by a sequence involving perception, judgment, (...)
     
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  2. Experience-Dependent Structural Plasticity in the Adult Human Brain.Arne May - 2011 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 15 (10):475-482.
    Contrary to assumptions that changes in brain networks are possible only during crucial periods of development, research in the past decade has supported the idea of a permanently plastic brain. Novel experience, altered afferent input due to environmental changes and learning new skills are now recognized as modulators of brain function and underlying neuroanatomic circuitry. Given findings in experiments with animals and the recent discovery of increases in gray and white matter in the adult human brain as a result of (...)
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  3. Is It Painful to Think? Conversations with Arne Næss.David Rothenberg & Arne Næss - 1993
  4.  26
    Arne Naess and Empirical Semantics.Siobhan Chapman - 2011 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 54 (1):18-30.
    ABSTRACT This article focuses on Arne Naess's work in the philosophy of language, which he began in the mid-1930s and continued into the 1960s. This aspect of his work is nowadays relatively neglected, but it deserves to be revisited. Firstly, it is intrinsically interesting to the history of analytic philosophy in the twentieth century, because Naess questioned some of the established philosophical methodologies and assumptions of his day. Secondly, it suggests a compelling but unacknowledged intellectual pedigree for some recent (...)
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  5.  46
    Fears, Phobias and Preparedness: Toward an Evolved Module of Fear and Fear Learning.Arne Öhman & Susan Mineka - 2001 - Psychological Review 108 (3):483-522.
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  6.  42
    Emotion Drives Attention: Detecting the Snake in the Grass.Arne Öhman, Anders Flykt & Francisco Esteves - 2001 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 130 (3):466.
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  7. The Shallow and the Deep, Long-Range Ecology Movement. A Summary.Arne Naess - 1973 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 16 (1-4):95 – 100.
    Ecologically responsible policies are concerned only in part with pollution and resource depletion. There are deeper concerns which touch upon principles of diversity, complexity, autonomy, decentralization, symbiosis, egalitarianism, and classlessness.
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  8.  50
    The Shallow and the Deep, Lono-Ranoe Eooloov Movement.Arne Naess - forthcoming - Environmental Ethics.
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  9. In Sceptical Wonder Inquiries Into the Philosophy of Arne Naess on the Occasion of His 70th Birthday.Arne Næs, Ingemund Gullvåg & Jon Wetlesen - 1982
     
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  10. Neurocognitive Mechanisms Underlying the Experience of Flow.Arne Dietrich - 2004 - Consciousness and Cognition 13 (4):746-761.
    Recent theoretical and empirical work in cognitive science and neuroscience is brought into contact with the concept of the flow experience. After a brief exposition of brain function, the explicit–implicit distinction is applied to the effortless information processing that is so characteristic of the flow state. The explicit system is associated with the higher cognitive functions of the frontal lobe and medial temporal lobe structures and has evolved to increase cognitive flexibility. In contrast, the implicit system is associated with the (...)
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  11. Philosophical Dialogues: Arne Naess and the Progress of Philosophy.Peder Anker, Per Ariansen, Alfred J. Ayer, Murray Bookchin, Baird Callicott, John Clark, Bill Devall, Fons Elders, Paul Feyerabend, Warwick Fox, William C. French, Harold Glasser, Ramachandra Guha, Patsy Hallen, Stephan Harding, Andrew Mclaughlin, Ivar Mysterud, Arne Naess, Bryan Norton, Val Plumwood, Peter Reed, Kirkpatrick Sale, Ariel Salleh, Karen Warren, Richard A. Watson, Jon Wetlesen & Michael E. Zimmerman (eds.) - 1999 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    The volume documents, and makes an original contribution to, an astonishing period in twentieth-century philosophy—the progress of Arne Naess's ecophilosophy from its inception to the present. It includes Naess's most crucial polemics with leading thinkers, drawn from sources as diverse as scholarly articles, correspondence, TV interviews and unpublished exchanges. The book testifies to the skeptical and self-correcting aspects of Naess's vision, which has deepened and broadened to include third world and feminist perspectives. Philosophical Dialogues is an essential addition to (...)
     
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  12.  27
    Ethical Products = Less Strong: How Explicit and Implicit Reliance on the Lay Theory Affects Consumption Behaviors.Arne Buhs, Wassili Lasarov, Stefan Hoffmann & Robert Mai - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 158 (3):659-677.
    Many consumers implicitly associate sustainability with lower product strength. This so-called ethical = less strong intuition poses a major threat for the success of sustainable products. This article explores this pervasive lay theory and examines whether it is a key barrier for sustainable consumption patterns. Even more importantly, little is known about the underlying mechanisms that might operate differently at the implicit and explicit levels of the consumer’s decision-making. To fill this gap, three studies examine how the implicit judgments that (...)
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  13.  38
    Evil and Human Agency: Understanding Collective Evildoing.Arne Johan Vetlesen - 2005 - Cambridge University Press.
    Evil is a poorly understood phenomenon. In this provocative 2005 book, Professor Vetlesen argues that to do evil is to intentionally inflict pain on another human being, against his or her will, and causing serious and foreseeable harm. Vetlesen investigates why and in what sort of circumstances such a desire arises, and how it is channeled, or exploited, into collective evildoing. He argues that such evildoing, pitting whole groups against each other, springs from a combination of character, situation, and social (...)
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  14.  16
    Arne Naess — Dogmas and Problems of Empiricism.Friedrich Stadler - 2010 - Vienna Circle Institute Yearbook 14:11-31.
    Arne Dekke Eide Naess was born on January 27, 1912 in Oslo. After a long and successful life he passed away on January 12, 2009 in Oslo as the most renowned Norwegian philosopher, where he was honoured with a state funeral. He was one of the most important public figures in Norway and in his later years became known all over the world as a pioneer of the ecological movement. Given this publicity in recent decades his earlier life was (...)
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  15.  16
    The Premise of Equipotentiality in Human Classical Conditioning: Conditioned Electrodermal Responses to Potentially Phobic Stimuli.Arne Ohman, Mats Fredrikson, Kenneth Hugdahl & Per-Arne Rimmo - 1976 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 105 (4):313-337.
  16.  68
    Arne Naess and the Task of Gestalt Ontology.Christian Diehm - 2006 - Environmental Ethics 28 (1):21-35.
    While much of Arne Naess’s ecosophy underscores the importance of understanding one’s ecological Self, his analyses of gestaltism are significant in that they center less on questions of the self than on questions of nature and what is other-than-human. Rather than the realization of a more expansive Self, gestalt ontology calls for a “gestalt shift” in our thinking about nature, one that allows for its intrinsic value to emerge clearly. Taking such a gestalt shift as a central task enables (...)
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  17.  5
    A critique of robotics in health care.Arne Maibaum, Andreas Bischof, Jannis Hergesell & Benjamin Lipp - forthcoming - AI and Society:1-11.
    When the social relevance of robotic applications is addressed today, the use of assistive technology in care settings is almost always the first example. So-called care robots are presented as a solution to the nursing crisis, despite doubts about their technological readiness and the lack of concrete usage scenarios in everyday nursing practice. We inquire into this interconnection of social robotics and care. We show how both are made available for each other in three arenas: innovation policy, care organization, and (...)
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  18.  72
    Unconscious Emotion: Evolutionary Perspectives, Psychophysiological Data and Neuropsychological Mechanisms.Arne Öhman, Anders Flykt & Daniel Lundqvist - 2000 - In Richard D. R. Lane, L. Nadel & G. L. Ahern (eds.), Cognitive Neuroscience of Emotion. Series in Affective Science. Oxford University Press. pp. 296-327.
  19.  10
    A Neurocognitive Framework for Human Creative Thought.Arne Dietrich & Hilde Haider - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  20.  87
    Grounding Action Representations.Arne M. Weber & Gottfried Vosgerau - 2012 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 3 (1):53-69.
    In this paper we discuss an approach called grounded action cognition, which aims to provide a theory of the interdependencies between motor control and action-related cognitive processes, like perceiving an action or thinking about an action. The theory contrasts with traditional views in cognitive science in that it motivates an understanding of cognition as embodied, through application of Barsalou’s general idea of grounded cognition. To guide further research towards an appropriate theory of grounded action cognition we distinguish between grounding qua (...)
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  21. The Deep Ecological Movement: Some Philosophical Aspects.Arne Naess - 1986 - Philosophical Inquiry 8 (1/2):10-31.
  22.  9
    Emotional Conditioning to Masked Stimuli: Expectancies for Aversive Outcomes Following Nonrecognized Fear-Relevant Stimuli.Arne Öhman & Joaquim J. F. Soares - 1998 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 127 (1):69-82.
  23.  72
    Neuroethics as a Brain-Based Philosophy of Life: The Case of Michael S. Gazzaniga.Arne Rasmusson - 2009 - Neuroethics 2 (1):3-11.
    Michael S. Gazzaniga, a pioneer and world leader in cognitive neuroscience, has made an initial attempt to develop neuroethics into a brain-based philosophy of life that he hopes will replace the irrational religious and political belief-systems that still partly govern modern societies. This article critically examines Gazzaniga’s proposal and shows that his actual moral arguments have little to do with neuroscience. Instead, they are based on unexamined political, cultural and moral conceptions, narratives and values. A more promising way of interpreting (...)
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  24. A Defence of the Deep Ecology Movement.Arne Naess - 1984 - Environmental Ethics 6 (3):265-270.
    There is an international deep ecology social movement with key terms, slogans, and rhetorical use of language comparable to what we find in other activist “alternative” movements today. Some supporters of the movement partake in academic philosophy and have developed or at least suggested philosophies, “ecosophies,” inspired by the movement. R. A. Watson does not distinguish sufficiently between the movement and the philosophical expressions with academic pretensions. As a result, he falsely concludes that deep ecology implies setting man apart from (...)
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  25.  28
    Die Effiziente Organisation: Beobachtungen Zur Sinn- Und Seinskrise des Krankenhauses.Arne Manzeschke - 2011 - Ethik in der Medizin 23 (4):271-282.
    Die Gesundheitsreformen der vergangenen Jahrzehnte haben die Organisation Krankenhaus einem grundlegenden Wandel unterzogen. Neben offenkundig notwendigen und sinnvollen Veränderungen hat es aber auch solche gegeben, die die Frage aufwerfen, welchen gesellschaftlichen Aufgaben das Krankenhaus in Zukunft dienen soll. Pointiert gefragt: Welcher Effektivität soll die seit Jahren betriebene Effizienzsteigerung in der Organisation Krankenhaus dienen außer der Begrenzung eines allgemeinen Kostenanstiegs? Es ergibt sich ein paradoxer Befund: Der Wandel der Organisation Krankenhaus scheint sich maßgeblich der Ökonomisierung zu verdanken, die zugleich das Mittel (...)
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  26.  13
    Towards Data Justice? The Ambiguity of Anti-Surveillance Resistance in Political Activism.Jonathan Cable, Arne Hintz & Lina Dencik - 2016 - Big Data and Society 3 (2).
    The Snowden leaks, first published in June 2013, provided unprecedented insights into the operations of state-corporate surveillance, highlighting the extent to which everyday communication is integrated into an extensive regime of control that relies on the ‘datafication’ of social life. Whilst such data-driven forms of governance have significant implications for citizenship and society, resistance to surveillance in the wake of the Snowden leaks has predominantly centred on techno-legal responses relating to the development and use of encryption and policy advocacy around (...)
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  27.  71
    The Influence of Retail Management’s Use of Social Power on Corporate Ethical Values, Employee Commitment, and Performance. [REVIEW]Arne Nygaard & Harald Biong - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 97 (3):341 - 363.
    Recent cases in retailing reflect that ethics have a major impact on brands and performance, in turn, demonstrating that brand owners, employees, and consumers focus on ethical values. In this study, we analyze how various sources of social power affect corporate ethical values, retailer's commitment to the retail organization, and ultimately sales and service quality. Multisource data based on a sample of 225 retailers indicated a strong link between power, ethics, and commitment and that these affected output performance.
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  28. The Deep Ecological Movement: Some Philosophical Aspects.Arne Naess - 1986 - Philosophical Inquiry 8 (1-2):10-31.
  29.  52
    Was Arne Naess Recognized as the Founder of Deep Ecology Prematurely? Semantics and Environmental Philosophy.Benjamin Howe - 2010 - Environmental Ethics 32 (4):369-383.
    According to Arne Naess, his environmental philosophy is influenced by the philosophy of language called empirical semantics, which he first developed in the 1930s as a participant in the seminars of the Vienna Circle. While no one denies his claim, most of his commentators defend views about his environmental philosophy that contradict the tenets of his semantics. In particular, they argue that he holds that deep ecology’s supporters share a world view, and that the movement’s platform articulates shared principles. (...)
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  30. Spinoza and Ecology.Arne Naess - 1977 - Philosophia 7 (1):45-54.
  31.  16
    Towards a Common Framework of Grounded Action Cognition: Relating Motor Control, Perception and Cognition.Antje Gentsch, Arne Weber, Matthis Synofzik, Gottfried Vosgerau & Simone Schütz-Bosbach - 2016 - Cognition 146:81-89.
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  32. Arne Naess, Val Plumwood, and Deep Ecological Subjectivity: A Contribution to the "Deep Ecology-Ecofeminism Debate".Christian Diehm - 2002 - Ethics and the Environment 7 (1):24-38.
  33.  15
    Finding the Face in a Crowd: Relationships Between Distractor Redundancy, Target Emotion, and Target Gender.Arne Öhman, Pernilla Juth & Daniel Lundqvist - 2010 - Cognition and Emotion 24 (7):1216-1228.
  34.  17
    Differential Effects of Theta/Beta and SMR Neurofeedback in ADHD on Sleep Onset Latency.Martijn Arns, Ilse Feddema & J. Leon Kenemans - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  35.  34
    Common-Sense And Truth.Arne Ness - 1938 - Theoria 4 (1):39-58.
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  36.  31
    Arne Næss (1912–2009).Erik C. W. Krabbe - 2010 - Argumentation 24 (4):527-530.
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  37.  94
    Will Consumers Save the World? The Framing of Political Consumerism.Eivind Jacobsen & Arne Dulsrud - 2007 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 20 (5):469-482.
    An active ethically conscious consumer has been acclaimed as the new hero and hope for an ethically improved capitalism. Through consumers’ “voting” at the checkout, corporations are supposed to be held accountable for their conduct. In the literature on political consumerism, this has mainly been approached as political participation and governance. In this article, we do a critical review of this literature. We do so by questioning the existence of what we call a “generic active consumer model.” At the core (...)
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  38.  35
    Worlds Apart?: Habermas and Levinas.Arne Johan Vetlesen - 1997 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 23 (1):1-20.
    Though doubtless two of the leading philosophers in ethics today, Habermas and Levinas have yet to be subjected to sys tematic comparison. This essay undertakes a first step. Differences of terminology aside, Habermas and Levinas can be seen to pursue, via separate routes, a similar core idea. I term this the idea of immanent normativity. While Habermas locates an unchosen normative pull in the medium of interpersonal communication, Levinas locates an unconditional ethical command in the Other as face. Hence they (...)
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  39.  11
    Die Entwicklung der Sozialgeschichte der modernen Mathematik und Naturwissenschaft und die Frage nach dem sozialen Raum zwischen Disziplin und Wissenschaftler.Arne Schirrmacher - 2003 - Berichte Zur Wissenschafts-Geschichte 26 (1):17-34.
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  40.  16
    The Pluralist and Possibilist Aspect of the Scientific Enterprise.Arne Naess - 1972 - Universitetsforlaget.
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  41.  18
    The Influence of Retail Management’s Use of Social Power on Corporate Ethical Values, Employee Commitment, and Performance.Arne Nygaard & Harald Biong - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 97 (1):87-108.
    Recent cases in retailing reflect that ethics have a major impact on brands and performance, in turn, demonstrating that brand owners, employees, and consumers focus on ethical values. In this study, we analyze how various sources of social power affect corporate ethical values, retailer’s commitment to the retail organization, and ultimately sales and service quality. Multi-source data based on a sample of 225 retailers indicated a strong link between power, ethics, and commitment and that these affected output performance.
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  42.  9
    Introduction: Communicating Science: National Approaches in Twentieth-Century Europe.Arne Schirrmacher - 2013 - Science in Context 26 (3):393-404.
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  43.  56
    Arne Naess: Ecology, Community and Lifestyle: Outline of an Ecosophy. [REVIEW]Jim Cheney - 1991 - Environmental Ethics 13 (3):263-273.
  44.  45
    A Defence of the Deep Ecology Movement.Arne Naess - 1984 - Environmental Ethics 6 (3):265-270.
    There is an international deep ecology social movement with key terms, slogans, and rhetorical use of language comparable to what we find in other activist “alternative” movements today. Some supporters of the movement partake in academic philosophy and have developed or at least suggested philosophies, “ecosophies,” inspired by the movement. R. A. Watson does not distinguish sufficiently between the movement and the philosophical expressions with academic pretensions. As a result, he falsely concludes that deep ecology implies setting man apart from (...)
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  45.  23
    Leading by Example: Values-Based Strategy to Instill Ethical Conduct.Arne Nygaard, Harald Biong, Ragnhild Silkoset & Roland E. Kidwell - 2017 - Journal of Business Ethics 145 (1):133-139.
    Years of research clearly shows that relying on traditional organizational power bases is not effective when companies want to promote business ethics and performance. It is not only that the use of legitimate power to establish ethics codes and coercive power to punish employees who do not comply does not work; this study—based on a multi-method research approach in the retail industry—indicates that the classic iron fist leads to unethical business values and lower service performance. But there is a light (...)
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  46.  46
    Arne Naess on Deep Ecology and Ethics.D. W. Lauer - 2002 - Journal of Value Inquiry 36 (1):111-117.
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  47. Hannah Arendt on Conscience and Evil.Arne Johan Vetlesen - 2001 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 27 (5):1-33.
    Though there exists a vast literature dealing with Hannah Arendt's thoughts on evil in general and Adolf Eichmann in particular, few attempts have been made to assess Arendt's position on evil by tracing its connection with her reflections on conscience. This essay examines the nature and significance of such a connection. Beginning with her doctoral dissertation on St Augustine and ending with her posthumously published studies in The Life of the Mind, Arendt's oeuvre exhibits strong thematic continuity: the triad thinking-conscience-evil (...)
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  48.  37
    Science as Salvation: George Lakoff and Steven Pinker as Secular Political Theologians.Arne Rasmusson - 2012 - Modern Theology 28 (2):197-228.
    This article critically analyzes two leading cognitive scientists, George Lakoff and Steven Pinker, as competing secular political “theologians”. The idea of Science as savior is at the heart of the set of stories modernity tells about itself. The modern world, it is assumed, has left the age of religion and reached the age of Science. Lakoff and Pinker, who advocate opposing moral and political worldviews, make their claims on the basis of their scientific work, but it is implicit narratives and (...)
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  49.  16
    The “Social Gaze Space”: A Taxonomy for Gaze-Based Communication in Triadic Interactions.Mathis Jording, Arne Hartz, Gary Bente, Martin Schulte-Rüther & Kai Vogeley - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
  50. Synonymity as Revealed by Intuition.Arne Naess - 1957 - Philosophical Review 66 (1):87-93.
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