Results for 'Arno Gruen'

371 found
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  1. Ich Will Eine Welt Ohne Kriege.Arno Gruen - 2006 - Klett-Cotta.
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  2. Der Gehorsam.Arno Gruen - 2002 - Ethik Und Sozialwissenschaften 13:441-450.
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  3.  89
    Ethics and Animals: An Introduction.Lori Gruen - 2011 - Cambridge University Press.
    In this comprehensive introduction to animal ethics, Lori Gruen weaves together poignant and provocative case studies with discussions of ethical theory, urging readers to engage critically and empathetically reflect on our treatment of other animals. In clear and accessible language, Gruen provides a survey of the issues central to human-animal relations and a reasoned new perspective on current key debates in the field. She analyses and explains a range of theoretical positions and poses challenging questions that directly encourage (...)
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  4.  33
    The Ethics of Captivity.Lori Gruen (ed.) - 2014 - Oxford University Press.
    Though conditions of captivity vary widely for humans and for other animals, there are common ethical themes that imprisonment raises. This volume brings together scholars, scientists, and sanctuary workers to address these issues in fifteen new essays.
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  5. The Function Debate in Philosophy.Arno Wouters - 2005 - Acta Biotheoretica 53 (2):123-151.
    This paper reviews the debate on the notion of biological function and on functional explanation as this takes place in philosophy. It describes the different perspectives, issues, intuitions, theories and arguments that have emerged. The author shows that the debate has been too heavily influenced by the concerns of a naturalistic philosophy of mind and argues that in order to improve our understanding of biology the attention should be shifted from the study of intuitions to the study of the actual (...)
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  6.  58
    Four Notions of Biological Function.Arno G. Wouters - 2003 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 34 (4):633-668.
    I argue that there are at least four different ways in which the term ‘function’ is used in connection with the study of living organisms, namely: function as activity, function as biological role, function as biological advantage, and function as selected effect. Notion refers to what an item does by itself; refers to the contribution of an item or activity to a complex activity or capacity of an organism; refers to the value for the organism of an item having a (...)
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  7.  79
    Judging Machines. Philosophical Aspects of Deep Learning.Arno Schubbach - forthcoming - Synthese:1-21.
    Although machine learning has been successful in recent years and is increasingly being deployed in the sciences, enterprises or administrations, it has rarely been discussed in philosophy beyond the philosophy of mathematics and machine learning. The present contribution addresses the resulting lack of conceptual tools for an epistemological discussion of machine learning by conceiving of deep learning networks as 'judging machines' and using the Kantian analysis of judgments for specifying the type of judgment they are capable of. At the center (...)
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  8. Four Notions of Biological Function.Arno G. Wouters - 2002 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 34 (4):633-668.
    I argue that there are at least four different ways in which the term ‘function’ is used in connection with the study of living organisms, namely: function as activity, function as biological role, function as biological advantage, and function as selected effect. Notion refers to what an item does by itself; refers to the contribution of an item or activity to a complex activity or capacity of an organism; refers to the value for the organism of an item having a (...)
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  9. Attending to Nature: Empathetic Engagement with the More Than Human World.Gruen - 2009 - Ethics and the Environment 14 (2):pp. 23-38.
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  10. Design Explanation: Determining the Constraints on What Can Be Alive.Arno G. Wouters - 2007 - Erkenntnis 67 (1):65-80.
    This paper is concerned with reasonings that purport to explain why certain organisms have certain traits by showing that their actual design is better than contrasting designs. Biologists call such reasonings 'functional explanations'. To avoid confusion with other uses of that phrase, I call them 'design explanations'. This paper discusses the structure of design explanations and how they contribute to scientific understanding. Design explanations are contrastive and often compare real organisms to hypothetical organisms that cannot possibly exist. They are not (...)
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  11. Refocusing Environmental Ethics: From Intrinsic Value to Endorsable Valuations.Lori Gruen - 2002 - Philosophy and Geography 5 (2):153 – 164.
    Establishing that nature has intrinsic value has been the primary goal of environmental philosophers. This goal has generated tremendous confusion. Part of the confusion stems from a conflation of two quite distinct concerns. The first concern is with establishing the moral considerability of the natural world which is captured by what I call "intrinsic value p ." The second concern attempts to address a perceived problem with the way nature has traditionally been valued, or as many environmentalists would suggest, undervalued, (...)
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  12. The Faces of Animal Oppression.Lori Gruen - 2009 - In Ann Ferguson & Mechthild Nagel (eds.), Dancing with Iris: The Philosophy of Iris Marion Young. Oxford University Press. pp. 225--37.
  13.  38
    Oocytes for Sale?Lori Gruen - 2007 - Metaphilosophy 38 (2-3):285–308.
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  14.  8
    More Risky Than Radical.Lori Gruen - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (10):45-47.
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  15.  20
    The Micro-Level Foundations and Dynamics of Political Corporate Social Responsibility: Hegemony and Passive Revolution Through Civil Society.Arno Kourula & Guillaume Delalieux - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 135 (4):769-785.
    Exploration of the political roles firms play in society is a flourishing stream within corporate social responsibility research. However, few empirical studies have examined multiple levels of political CSR at the same time from a critical perspective. We explore both how the motivations of managers and internal organizational practices affect a company’s choice between competing CSR approaches, and how the different CSR programs of corporate and civil society actors compete with each other. We present a qualitative interpretative case study of (...)
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  16.  27
    Sex, Morality, and the Law.Lori Gruen & George Panichas (eds.) - 1996 - Routledge.
    Sex, Morality, and the Law combines legal and philosophical arguments to focus on six controversial topics; homosexual sex, prostitution, pornography, abortion, sexual harassment, and rape. Suitable for use in several disciplines at both undergraduate and graduate levels, this anthology includes critical court decisions and essays representing a diversity of conservative, liberal, and feminist positions.
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  17.  62
    Viability Explanation.Arno Wouters - 1995 - Biology and Philosophy 10 (4):435-457.
    This article deals with a type of functional explanation, viability explanation, that has been overlooked in recent philosophy of science. Viability explanations relate traits of organisms and their environments in terms of what an individual needs to survive and reproduce. I show that viability explanations are neither causal nor historical and that, therefore, they should be accounted for as a distinct type of explanation.
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  18. Biomedical and Environmental Ethics Alliance: Common Causes and Grounds. [REVIEW]Lori Gruen & William Ruddick - 2009 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 6 (4):457-466.
    In the late 1960s Van Rensselaer Potter, a biochemist and cancer researcher, thought that our survival was threatened by the domination of military policy makers and producers of material goods ignorant of biology. He called for a new field of Bioethics—“a science of survival.” Bioethics did develop, but with a narrower focus on medical ethics. Recently there have been attempts to broaden that focus to bring biomedical ethics together with environmental ethics. Though the two have many differences—in habits of thought, (...)
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  19.  28
    Introduction.Lori Gruen, Kari Weil, Kelly Oliver, Traci Warkentin, Stephanie Jenkins, Carrie Rohman, Emily Clark & Greta Gaard - 2012 - Hypatia 27 (3):492-526.
  20.  8
    Augustus to Constantine: The Thrust of the Christian Movement Into the Roman World.Erich S. Gruen & Robert M. Grant - 1972 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 92 (1):190.
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  21. Reflecting on Nature: Readings in Environmental Philosophy.Lori Gruen & Dale Jamieson (eds.) - 1994 - Oxford University Press.
    The first anthology to highlight the problems of environmental justice and sustainable development, Reflecting on Nature provides a multicultural perspective on questions of environmental concern, featuring contributions from feminist and minority scholars and scholars from developing countries. Selections examine immediate global needs, addressing some of the most crucial problems we now face: biodiversity loss, the meaning and significance of wilderness, population and overconsumption, and the human use of other animals. Spanning centuries of philosophical, naturalist, and environmental reflection, readings include the (...)
     
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  22. Must Utilitarians Be Impartial?Lori Gruen - 1999 - In Dale Jamieson (ed.), Singer and His Critics. Blackwell. pp. 129--49.
     
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  23.  41
    Entangled Empathy.Alan Wayne & Lori Gruen - 2018 - The Harvard Review of Philosophy 25:21-35.
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  24. Re-Valuing Nature.Lori Gruen - 1993 - In Earl R. Winkler & Jerrold R. Coombs (eds.), Applied Ethics: A Reader. Blackwell. pp. 293--312.
     
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  25.  49
    Death as a Social Harm.Lori Gruen - 2014 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 52 (S1):53-65.
    Lately there has been increased attention to the philosophical issues that death raises, but the focus remains individualistic. Death is philosophically puzzling. Death is thought to be bad for the individual who dies, but there is no one there to experience death as a harm. In this paper I argue that the harm of death is a social harm. Of course, social relationships are fundamentally changed when any member of a social group dies. Death is harmful for those left behind. (...)
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  26.  62
    The Functional Perspective of Organismal Biology.Arno Wouters - 2005 - In Thomas Reydon & Lia Hemerik (eds.), Current Themes in Theoretical Biology. Springer. pp. 33--69.
    Following Mayr (1961) evolutionary biologists often maintain that the hallmark of biology is its evolutionary perspective. In this view, biologists distinguish themselves from other natural scientists by their emphasis on why-questions. Why-questions are legitimate in biology but not in other natural sciences because of the selective character of the process by means of which living objects acquire their characteristics. For that reason, why-questions should be answered in terms of natural selection. Functional biology is seen as a reductionist science that applies (...)
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  27.  14
    On the (Semi)Lattices Induced by Continuous Reducibilities.Arno Pauly - 2010 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 56 (5):488-502.
    Continuous reducibilities are a proven tool in Computable Analysis, and have applications in other fields such as Constructive Mathematics or Reverse Mathematics. We study the order-theoretic properties of several variants of the two most important definitions, and especially introduce suprema for them. The suprema are shown to commutate with several characteristic numbers.
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  28.  35
    Changing Values: A Commentary on Hall.Lori Gruen, William Johnston & Clement Loo - 2013 - Ethics, Policy and Environment 16 (2):142 - 144.
    We think Hall (2013) is correct in arguing that the environmental movement needs a stronger narrative and believe that such a narrative requires significant nuance. Hall rightly recognizes the importance of appropriately framing the current narratives appealed to by the environmental movement. They are too simplistic and, as such, misleading. The optimistic frames tend to ignore the real losses people experience in trying to live greener lifestyles. The ‘doom and gloom’ frames are apt to foster a sense of hopelessness rather (...)
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  29. Functional Explanation in Biology.Arno Wouters - 2005 - Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 84 (1):269-293.
    This paper evaluates Kuipers' account of functional explanation in biology in view of an example of such an explanation taken from real biology. The example is the explanation of why electric fishes swim backwards (Lannoo and Lannoo 1993). Kuipers' account depicts the answer to a request for functional explanation as consisting only of statements that articulate a certain kind of consequence. It is argued that such an account fails to do justice to the main insight provided by the example explanation, (...)
     
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  30.  30
    Animal Others—Editors' Introduction.Lori Gruen & Kari Weil - 2012 - Hypatia 27 (3):477-487.
  31.  19
    Invited Symposium: Feminists Encountering Animals.Lori Gruen, Kari Weil, Kelly Oliver, Traci Warkentin, Stephanie Jenkins, Carrie Rohman, Emily Clark & Greta Gaard - 2012 - Hypatia 27 (3):492 - 526.
  32.  4
    Gendered Knowledge? Examining Influences on Scientific and Ethological Inquiries.Lori Gruen - 1996 - In Colin Allen & D. Jamison (eds.), Readings in Animal Cognition. MIT Press. pp. 17.
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  33.  14
    On the Quantifier Complexity of Definable Canonical Henselian Valuations.Arno Fehm & Franziska Jahnke - 2015 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 61 (4-5):347-361.
  34.  29
    Wesen und Wandlung des Humanismus.Arno Carl Coutinho & Horst Rudiger - 1938 - Journal of Philosophy 35 (13):362.
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  35.  9
    Kants Konzeption der geometrischen Darstellung.Arno Schubbach - 2017 - Kant-Studien 108 (1):19-54.
    Name der Zeitschrift: Kant-Studien Jahrgang: 108 Heft: 1 Seiten: 19-54.
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  36.  10
    Sense and Self-Referentiality in Living Beings.Arno L. Goudsmit - 2009 - Biosemiotics 2 (1):39-46.
    This contribution investigates the idea that an act of signification can be understood in terms of the self-referentiality that is typical of the biological organization. The capacity of a living being to interpret and appreciate its own environment can be understood as being grounded in its ability to perform self-referential experiences. We may call this the living being’s capacity of sense. In any act that generates sense, it is possible to distinguish a process of signification from its outcome, but such (...)
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  37.  63
    Pluralism in Political Corporate Social Responsibility.Jukka Mäkinen & Arno Kourula - 2012 - Business Ethics Quarterly 22 (4):649-678.
    Within corporate social responsibility (CSR), the exploration of the political role of firms (political CSR) has recently experienced a revival. We review three key periods of political CSR literature—classic, instrumental, and new political CSR—and use the Rawlsian conceptualization of division of moral labor within political systems to describe each period’s background political theories. The three main arguments of the paper are as follows. First, classic CSR literature was more pluralistic in terms of background political theories than many later texts. Second, (...)
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  38.  6
    Existential ∅-Definability of Henselian Valuation Rings.Arno Fehm - 2015 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 80 (1):301-307.
  39.  7
    What Are Clinician Scientists Expected to Do? The Undefined Space for Professionalizable Work in Translational Biomedicine.Barbara Hendriks, Arno Simons & Martin Reinhart - 2019 - Minerva 57 (2):219-237.
    Clinician scientists have gained institutional support in the era of translational research, as the key solution to closing the ‘translational gap’ between biomedical research and medical practice. However, clinician scientists remain an ‘endangered species’ in search of a secure niche, while new grants and training programs attempt to counteract their measurable decline in numbers over the past decades. Our study asks how an occupational space for clinician scientists is currently situated between the politics of translation, professional dynamics, and the specialization (...)
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  40.  29
    Philosophers on Function. [REVIEW]Arno Wouters - 2003 - Acta Biotheoretica 51 (3):223-235.
    Review of André Ariew, Robert Cummins & Mark Perlman (eds.) *Functions: New Essays in the Philosophy of Psychology and Biology* (2002).
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  41. The BCN Challenge to Compatibilist Free Will and Personal Responsibility.Maureen Sie & Arno Wouters - 2010 - Neuroethics 3 (2):121-133.
    Many philosophers ignore developments in the behavioral, cognitive, and neurosciences that purport to challenge our ideas of free will and responsibility. The reason for this is that the challenge is often framed as a denial of the idea that we are able to act differently than we do. However, most philosophers think that the ability to do otherwise is irrelevant to responsibility and free will. Rather it is our ability to act for reasons that is crucial. We argue that the (...)
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  42.  48
    Law, Logic, Rhetoric: A Procedural Model of Legal Argumentation.Arno R. Lodder - 2004 - In S. Rahman (ed.), Logic, Epistemology, and the Unity of Science. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 569--588.
  43. Economic Cycles, Crises, and the Global Periphery.Leonid Grinin, Arno Tausch & Andrey Korotayev (eds.) - 2016 - Switzerland: Springer International Publishing Switzerland.
    This work is subject to copyright. All rights are reserved by the Publisher, whether the whole or part of the material is concerned, specifi cally the rights of translation, reprinting, reuse of illustrations, recitation, broadcasting, reproduction on microfi lms or in any other physical way, and transmission or information storage and retrieval, electronic adaptation, computer software, or by similar or dissimilar methodology now known or hereafter developed. The use of general descriptive names, registered names, trademarks, service marks, etc. in this (...)
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  44. What Functions Explain: Functional Explanation and Self-Reproducing Systems. [REVIEW]Arno Wouters - 2006 - Acta Biotheoretica 54 (1):55-59.
  45.  74
    Paul Sheldon Davies: Norms of Nature: Naturalism and the Nature of Functions. [REVIEW]Arno Wouters - 2004 - Philosophy of Science 71 (2):220-222.
    Review of Paul Sheldon Davies *Norms of Nature* (2001).
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  46.  10
    The Economic Impact of High‐Technology Home Care.Peter S. Arno, Karen A. Bonuck & Robert Padgug - 1994 - Hastings Center Report 24 (5):15-19.
  47.  86
    Marx's Embryology of Society.Arno Wouters - 1993 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 23 (2):149-179.
    This article presents a new interpretation of Marx's dialectical method. Marx conceived dialectics as a method for constructing a model of society. The way this model is developed is analogous to the way organisms develop according to the German embryologist Karl Ernst von Baer, and, indeed, Marx's theory of capitalism hinges on the same concept of Organisation that is found in teleomechanical biology. The strong analogy between pre-Darwinian biology and Marx's structure of argument shows that the analogy often supposed to (...)
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  48.  24
    Kants Begriff der synthetischen Urteile a priori.Arno Ros - 1991 - Kant-Studien 82 (2):146-172.
  49.  23
    Evidence‐Based Medicine Training and Implementation in Surgery: The Role of Surgical Cultures.Simon Kitto, Ana Petrovic, Russell L. Gruen & Julian A. Smith - 2011 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17 (4):819-826.
  50.  14
    “Begriff”, “setzung” und “existenz” bei W.V.O. Quine.Arno Ros - 1989 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 35 (1):103-122.
    Auf die Rede von Begriffen und vergleichbaren Entitäten, so behauptet Quine, könne man verzichten. Mit einer solchen Einstellung handelt Quine sich jedoch Schwierigkeiten ein, die z.B. an seinem Konzept des Setzens von Gegenständen sowie an seinem Verständnis von Existenzaussagen sichtbar werden (§ 1 und 2). Im Hintergrund jener Einstellung steht ein unzureichendes Verständnis der Funktion von Begriffen (§ 3). Zudem hat Quine bisher nicht zur Kenntnis genommen, daß Wittgenstein in seiner Spätphilosophie Vorschläge zum Verständnis der Rede von Begriffen entwickelt hat, (...)
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