Results for 'Arthur B. Sacks'

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  1.  77
    “Nature and Human Values” at the Colorado School of Mines.Carl Mitcham & Arthur B. Sacks - 2001 - Science and Engineering Ethics 7 (1):129-136.
  2. In Defense of Representation.Arthur B. Markman & Eric Dietrich - 2000 - Cognitive Psychology 40 (2):138--171.
    The computational paradigm, which has dominated psychology and artificial intelligence since the cognitive revolution, has been a source of intense debate. Recently, several cognitive scientists have argued against this paradigm, not by objecting to computation, but rather by objecting to the notion of representation. Our analysis of these objections reveals that it is not the notion of representation per se that is causing the problem, but rather specific properties of representations as they are used in various psychological theories. Our analysis (...)
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  3. Extending the Classical View of Representation.Arthur B. Markman & Eric Dietrich - 2000 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 4 (12):470-475.
    Representation is a central part of models in cognitive science, but recently this idea has come under attack. Researchers advocating perceptual symbol systems, situated action, embodied cognition, and dynamical systems have argued against central assumptions of the classical representational approach to mind. We review the core assumptions of the dominant view of representation and the four suggested alternatives. We argue that representation should remain a core part of cognitive science, but that the insights from these alternative approaches must be incorporated (...)
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  4.  40
    Knowledge Representation.Arthur B. Markman - 2002 - In J. Wixted & H. Pashler (eds.), Stevens' Handbook of Experimental Psychology. Wiley.
  5.  8
    Constraints on Analogical Inference.Arthur B. Markman - 1997 - Cognitive Science 21 (4):373-418.
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  6.  9
    Referential Communication and Category Acquisition.Arthur B. Markman & Valerie S. Makin - 1998 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 127 (4):331-354.
  7.  38
    Nonintentional Similarity Processing.Arthur B. Markman & Dedre Gentner - 2005 - In Ran R. Hassin, James S. Uleman & John A. Bargh (eds.), The New Unconscious. Oxford Series in Social Cognition and Social Neuroscience. Oxford University Press. pp. 107--137.
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  8. Discrete Thoughts: Why Cognition Must Use Discrete Representations.Eric Dietrich & Arthur B. Markman - 2003 - Mind and Language 18 (1):95-119.
    Advocates of dynamic systems have suggested that higher mental processes are based on continuous representations. In order to evaluate this claim, we first define the concept of representation, and rigorously distinguish between discrete representations and continuous representations. We also explore two important bases of representational content. Then, we present seven arguments that discrete representations are necessary for any system that must discriminate between two or more states. It follows that higher mental processes require discrete representations. We also argue that discrete (...)
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  9.  6
    LMS Rules and the Inverse Base-Rate Effect: Comment on Gluck and Bower.Arthur B. Markman - 1989 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 118 (4):417-421.
  10.  27
    Are Dynamical Systems the Answer?Arthur B. Markman - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (1):50-51.
    The proposed model is put forward as a template for the dynamical systems approach to embodied cognition. In order to extend this view to cognitive processing in general, however, two limitations must be overcome. First, it must be demonstrated that sensorimotor coordination of the type evident in the A-not-B error is typical of other aspects of cognition. Second, the explanatory utility of dynamical systems models must be clarified.
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  11.  22
    Critical Thinking Attitudes: A Framework for the Issues.Arthur B. Millman - 1988 - Informal Logic 10 (1).
  12.  1
    Darwin's Use of Analogical Reasoning in Theory Construction.Arthur B. Millman & Carol L. Smith - 1997 - Metaphor and Symbol 12 (3):159-187.
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  13.  65
    Digging Beneath Rules and Similarity.Arthur B. Markman, Sergey Blok, Kyungil Kim, Levi Larkey, Lisa R. Narvaez, C. Hunt Stilwell & Eric Taylor - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (1):29-30.
    Pothos suggests dispensing with the distinction between rules and similarity, without defining what is meant by either term. We agree that there are problems with the distinction between rules and similarity, but believe these will be solved only by exploring the representations and processes underlying cases purported to involve rules and similarity.
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  14.  11
    The Plausibility of Research Programs.Arthur B. Millman - 1976 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1976:140 - 148.
    Although, when first introduced, Copernicus's theory considered as a whole was not superior to the Ptolemaic theory according to any of the usual criteria for comparing theories and determining their acceptability, it did have features which provided the early Copernicans with good reasons for entertaining it and trying to develop it further. These features are discussed and then three plausibility considerations which seem to be operative in this case are formulated.
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  15.  28
    Can Developmental Psychology Provide a Blueprint for the Study of Adult Cognition?Arthur B. Markman - 2011 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 34 (3):140-141.
    In order to develop sophisticated models of the core domains of knowledge that support complex cognitive processing in infants and children, developmental psychologists have mapped out the content of these knowledge domains. This research strategy may provide a blueprint for advancing research on adult cognitive processing. I illustrate this suggestion with examples from analogical reasoning and decision making.
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  16.  50
    Consciousness: Of David Chalmers and Other Philosophers of Mind.Arthur B. Cody - 1997 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 40 (4):379 – 405.
    On reading David Chalmers's book, The Conscious Mind (Oxford/New York: Oxford University Press, 1996), one is struck by the author's efforts to meet the difficulties and obscurities in understanding the human mind, as indeed most other philosophers have, by hazarding theories. Such undertakings rest on two broad, usually unexamined, assumptions. One is that we have direct access to our conscious minds such that pronouncements about it and its contents are descriptive. The other is that our actions have causal explanations which (...)
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  17.  12
    Cognitive Systems Optimize Energy Rather Than Information.Arthur B. Markman & A. Ross Otto - 2011 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 34 (4):207-207.
  18.  8
    Retrospective Revaluation in Sequential Decision Making: A Tale of Two Systems.Samuel J. Gershman, Arthur B. Markman & A. Ross Otto - 2014 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 143 (1):182-194.
  19.  11
    The Empirical Case for Role-Governed Categories.Micah B. Goldwater, Arthur B. Markman & C. Hunt Stilwell - 2011 - Cognition 118 (3):359-376.
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  20.  51
    Is 'Human Action' A Category?Arthur B. Cody - 1971 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 14 (1-4):386-419.
    It seems to have been taken for granted that we all know what a human action is. However in attempting to draw from what philosophers have said about actions the necessary clues as to their distinguishing features, one finds little to discourage the idea that there is no way of distinguishing one category of occurrences, human actions, from the complex of different sorts of things which happen. From this I am tempted to conclude that there is no category of human (...)
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  21.  43
    Can a Single Action Have Many Different Descriptions?Arthur B. Cody - 1967 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 10 (1-4):164 – 180.
    To say that a single human action can be given different descriptions is to imply that the contrast between action and description is intelligible. There are several ways in which such a contrast is easily understood, but those ways do not meet philosophers? needs. They have said that the descriptions are all true, thereby excluding that interpretation in which no more than one description could be true. They have emphasized the word ?different?, therefore that interpretation in which the descriptions are (...)
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  22.  11
    Decision Making.Arthur B. Markman & Douglas L. Medin - 2002 - In J. Wixted & H. Pashler (eds.), Stevens' Handbook of Experimental Psychology. Wiley.
  23.  11
    Roots: Molecular Basis of Gene Expression: Origins From the Pajama Experiment.Arthur B. Pardee - 1985 - Bioessays 2 (2):86-89.
  24.  12
    Rhetorical Exigence.Arthur B. Miller - 1972 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 5 (2):111 - 118.
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  25. The Prepared Mind: The Role of Representational Change in Chance Discovery.Eric Dietrich, Arthur B. Markman & Michael Winkley - 2003 - In Yukio Ohsawa Peter McBurney (ed.), Chance Discovery by Machines. Springer-Verlag, pp. 208-230..
    Analogical reminding in humans and machines is a great source for chance discoveries because analogical reminding can produce representational change and thereby produce insights. Here, we present a new kind of representational change associated with analogical reminding called packing. We derived the algorithm in part from human data we have on packing. Here, we explain packing and its role in analogy making, and then present a computer model of packing in a micro-domain. We conclude that packing is likely used in (...)
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  26.  6
    Roots: Molecular Basis of Biological Regulation: Origins From Feedback Inhibition and Allostery.Arthur B. Pardee - 1985 - Bioessays 2 (1):37-40.
  27.  35
    Processes of Similarity Judgment.Levi B. Larkey & Arthur B. Markman - 2005 - Cognitive Science 29 (6):1061-1076.
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  28.  7
    A Reply to Mr. Dowling.Arthur B. Cody - 1967 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 10 (1-4):449-452.
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  29.  2
    Human Consciousness.Arthur B. Cody - 1994 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 37:117.
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  30.  18
    Constructional Sources of Implicit Agents in Sentence Comprehension.Micah B. Goldwater & Arthur B. Markman - 2006 - Cognitive Linguistics 20 (4).
  31.  35
    Dynamical Description Versus Dynamical Modeling.Eric Dietrich & Arthur B. Markman - 2001 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 5 (8):332.
  32.  13
    Licensing Novel Role-Governed Categories: An ERP Analysis.Micah B. Goldwater, Arthur B. Markman, Logan T. Trujillo & David M. Schnyer - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  33.  56
    Null.Doohwan Ahn, Sanda Badescu, Giorgio Baruchello, Raj Nath Bhat, Laura Boileau, Rosalind Carey, Camelia-Mihaela Cmeciu, Alan Goldstone, James Grieve, John Grumley, Grant Havers, Stefan Höjelid, Peter Isackson, Marguerite Johnson, Adrienne Kertzer, J.-Guy Lalande, Clinton R. Long, Joseph Mali, Ben Marsden, Peter Monteath, Michael Edward Moore, Jeff Noonan, Lynda Payne, Joyce Senders Pedersen, Brayton Polka, Lily Polliack, John Preston, Anthony Pym, Marina Ritzarev, Joseph Rouse, Peter N. Saeta, Arthur B. Shostak, Stanley Shostak, Marcia Landy, Kenneth R. Stunkel, I. I. I. Wheeler & Phillip H. Wiebe - 2009 - The European Legacy 14 (6):731-771.
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  34.  42
    Embodied Cognition as a Practical Paradigm: Introduction to the Topic, The Future of Embodied Cognition.Joshua Ian Davis & Arthur B. Markman - 2012 - Topics in Cognitive Science 4 (4):685-691.
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  35.  16
    Book Review: On the Road to Christian Unity: An Appraisal of the Ecumenical Movement. [REVIEW]Arthur B. Crabtree - 1963 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 17 (1):115-116.
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  36.  2
    Book Review: The Hope of Glory. [REVIEW]Arthur B. Crabtree - 1966 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 20 (1):119-120.
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  37. Emergency and Trauma Medicine Ethics.Arthur B. Sanders - 2008 - In Peter A. Singer & A. M. Viens (eds.), The Cambridge Textbook of Bioethics. Cambridge University Press. pp. 469.
     
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  38.  13
    A Jewish Kapo in Auschwitz: History, Memory, and the Politics of Survival.Arthur B. Shostak - 2016 - The European Legacy 21 (7):761-762.
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  39.  17
    A People’s Parliament.Arthur B. Shostak - 2014 - The European Legacy 19 (1):1-2.
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  40.  13
    After the Holocaust: Challenging the Myth of Silence.Arthur B. Shostak - 2014 - The European Legacy 19 (2):281-282.
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  41.  20
    Contemporary Capitalism and Its Crises. Edited by Terrence McDonough, Michael Reich, and David M. Kotz.Arthur B. Shostak - 2013 - The European Legacy 18 (1):114-115.
  42.  31
    Century of Genocide: Critical Essays and Eyewitness Accounts. Edited by Samuel Totten and William S. Parsons.Arthur B. Shostak - 2012 - The European Legacy 17 (4):561 - 562.
    The European Legacy, Volume 17, Issue 4, Page 561-562, July 2012.
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  43.  31
    Gaming the World: How Sports and Politics Are Reshaping Global Politics and Culture. By Andrei S. Markovits and Lars Rensmann.Arthur B. Shostak - 2012 - The European Legacy 17 (6):850-851.
  44.  1
    Hiding, Sheltering, and Borrowing Identities: Avenues of Rescue During the Holocaust.Arthur B. Shostak - forthcoming - The European Legacy:1-2.
    From 1945 to date Holocaust research has concentrated on complex matters such as militant Jewish resistance, convoluted Nazi strategies, ambivalent bystander behavior, controversial ghetto leadersh...
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  45.  15
    Jewish Resistance Against the Nazis.Arthur B. Shostak - 2016 - The European Legacy 21 (8):867-868.
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  46.  21
    New Reflections on Primo Levi: Before and After Auschwitz.Arthur B. Shostak - 2015 - The European Legacy 20 (6):684-685.
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  47.  19
    Physics and Technology for Future Presidents: An Introduction to the Essential Physics Every World Leader Needs to Know.Arthur B. Shostak - 2014 - The European Legacy 19 (4):525-525.
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  48. Private Sociology: Unsparing Reflections, Uncommon Gains.Arthur B. Shostak (ed.) - 1996 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Each contributor to this book has used personal experience as the basis from which to frame his individual sociological perspectives. Because they have personalized their work, their accounts are real, and recognizable as having come from 'real' persons, about 'real' experiences. There are no objectively-distanced disembodied third person entities in these accounts. These writers are actual people whose stories will make you laugh, cry, think, and want to know more.
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  49.  11
    Resistance: Jews and Christians Who Defied the Nazi Terror.Arthur B. Shostak - 2016 - The European Legacy 21 (5-6):620-621.
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  50.  19
    Screen Epiphanies: Filmmakers on the Films That Inspired Them.Arthur B. Shostak - 2014 - The European Legacy 19 (7):944-945.
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