213 found
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Arthur L. Caplan [126]Arthur Caplan [86]Arthur C. Caplan [1]Arthur Leonard Caplan [1]
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Arthur J. Caplan
Utah State University
  1.  23
    Selecting the Right Tool For the Job.Arthur L. Caplan, Carolyn Plunkett & Bruce Levin - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (4):4-10.
    There are competing ethical concerns when it comes to designing any clinical research study. Clinical trials of possible treatments for Ebola virus are no exception. If anything, the competing ethical concerns are exacerbated in trying to find answers to a deadly, rapidly spreading, infectious disease. The primary goal of current research is to identify experimental therapies that can cure Ebola or cure it with reasonable probability in infected individuals. Pursuit of that goal must be methodologically sound, practical and consistent with (...)
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  2.  3
    The Quest for Compensation for Research-Related Injury in the United States: A New Proposal.Carolyn Riley Chapman, Sangita Sukumaran, Geremew Tarekegne Tsegaye, Yelena Shevchenko & Arthur L. Caplan - 2019 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 47 (4):732-747.
    In the U.S., there is no requirement for research sponsors to compensate human research subjects who experience injuries as a result of their participation. In this article, we review the moral justifications that compel the establishment of a better research-related injury compensation system. We explore how other countries and certain institutions within the U.S. have adopted various systems of compensation. The existence of these systems demonstrates both that the U.S. lags behind other nations in its protection of human research subjects (...)
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  3.  45
    All Gifts Large and Small.Dana Katz, Arthur L. Caplan & Jon F. Merz - 2003 - American Journal of Bioethics 3 (3):39-46.
    Much attention has been focused in recent years on the ethical acceptability of physicians receiving gifts from drug companies. Professional guidelines recognize industry gifts as a conflict of interest and establish thresholds prohibiting the exchange of large gifts while expressly allowing for the exchange of small gifts such as pens, note pads, and coffee. Considerable evidence from the social sciences suggests that gifts of negligible value can influence the behavior of the recipient in ways the recipient does not always realize. (...)
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  4.  36
    Rethinking the Belmont Report?Phoebe Friesen, Lisa Kearns, Barbara Redman & Arthur L. Caplan - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics 17 (7):15-21.
    This article reflects on the relevance and applicability of the Belmont Report nearly four decades after its original publication. In an exploration of criticisms that have been raised in response to the report and of significant changes that have occurred within the context of biomedical research, five primary themes arise. These themes include the increasingly vague boundary between research and practice, unique harms to communities that are not addressed by the principle of respect for persons, and how growing complexity and (...)
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  5.  49
    A National Study of Ethics Committees.Glenn McGee, Joshua P. Spanogle, Arthur L. Caplan & David A. Asch - 2001 - American Journal of Bioethics 1 (4):60-64.
    Conceived as a solution to clinical dilemmas, and now required by organizations for hospital accreditation, ethics committees have been subject only to small-scale studies. The wide use of ethics committees and the diverse roles they play compel study. In 1999 the University of Pennsylvania Ethics Committee Research Group (ECRG) completed the first national survey of the presence, composition, and activities of U.S. healthcare ethics committees (HECs). Ethics committees are relatively young, on average seven years in operation. Eighty-six percent of ethics (...)
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  6.  18
    Expanding Access to Testicular Tissue Cryopreservation: An Analysis by Analogy.Tuua Ruutiainen, Steve Miller, Arthur Caplan & Jill P. Ginsberg - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics 13 (3):28 - 35.
    Researchers are developing a fertility preservation technique?testicular tissue cryopreservation (TTCP)?for prepubescent boys who may become infertile as a result of their cancer treatment. Although this technique is still in development, some researchers are calling for its widespread use. They argue that if boys do not bank their tissue now, they will be unable to benefit from any therapies that might be developed in the future. There are, however, risks involved with increasing access to an investigational procedure. This article examines four (...)
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  7.  23
    Back to Class: A Note on the Ontology of Species.Arthur L. Caplan - 1981 - Philosophy of Science 48 (1):130-140.
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  8.  25
    Pick Your Poison: Historicism, Essentialism, and Emergentism in the Definition of Species.Arthur L. Caplan - 1981 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 4 (2):285-286.
  9.  25
    Nudge, Nudge or Shove, Shove—The Right Way for Nudges to Increase the Supply of Donated Cadaver Organs.Kyle Powys Whyte, Evan Selinger, Arthur L. Caplan & Jathan Sadowski - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics 12 (2):32-39.
    Richard Thaler and Cass Sunstein (2008) contend that mandated choice is the most practical nudge for increasing organ donation. We argue that they are wrong, and their mistake results from failing to appreciate how perceptions of meaning can influence people's responses to nudges. We favor a policy of default to donation that is subject to immediate family veto power, includes options for people to opt out (and be educated on how to do so), and emphasizes the role of organ procurement (...)
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  10.  66
    The Use of Prisoners as Sources of Organs–An Ethically Dubious Practice.Arthur Caplan - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (10):1 - 5.
    The movement to try to close the ever-widening gap between demand and supply of organs has recently arrived at the prison gate. While there is enthusiasm for using executed prisoners as sources of organs, there are both practical barriers and moral concerns that make it unlikely that proposals to use prisoners will or should gain traction. Prisoners are generally not healthy enough to be a safe source of organs, execution makes the procurement of viable organs difficult, and organ donation post-execution (...)
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  11.  45
    Successes and Failures of Hospital Ethics Committees: A National Survey of Ethics Committee Chairs.Glenn Mcgee, Joshua P. Spanogle, Arthur L. Caplan, Dina Penny & David A. Asch - 2002 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 11 (1):87-93.
    In 1992, the Joint Commission on the Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations (JCAHO) passed a mandate that all its approved hospitals put in place a means for addressing ethical concerns.Although the particular process the hospital uses to address such concernsmay vary, the hospital or healthcare ethics committee (HEC) is used most often. In a companion study to that reported here, we found that in 1998 over 90% of U.S. hospitals had ethics committees, compared to just 1% in 1983, and that many (...)
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  12.  8
    It’s Not Easy Bein’ Fair.Kyle Ferguson & Arthur Caplan - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (7):160-162.
    Volume 20, Issue 7, July 2020, Page 160-162.
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  13.  10
    Ethical Considerations in Deep Brain Stimulation for the Treatment of Addiction and Overeating Associated With Obesity.Jared M. Pisapia, Casey H. Halpern, Ulf J. Muller, Piergiuseppe Vinai, John A. Wolf, Donald M. Whiting, Thomas A. Wadden, Gordon H. Baltuch & Arthur L. Caplan - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 4 (2):35-46.
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  14.  16
    Human Rights Violations in Organ Procurement Practice in China.Norbert W. Paul, Arthur Caplan, Michael E. Shapiro, Charl Els, Kirk C. Allison & Huige Li - 2017 - BMC Medical Ethics 18 (1):11.
    Over 90% of the organs transplanted in China before 2010 were procured from prisoners. Although Chinese officials announced in December 2014 that the country would completely cease using organs harvested from prisoners, no regulatory adjustments or changes in China’s organ donation laws followed. As a result, the use of prisoner organs remains legal in China if consent is obtained. We have collected and analysed available evidence on human rights violations in the organ procurement practice in China. We demonstrate that the (...)
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  15. Moving the Womb: The Ethics of Uterine Transplants.Arthur L. Caplan - forthcoming - Hastings Center Report.
     
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  16.  10
    The Ethics of Testing and Research of Manufactured Organs on Brain-Dead/Recently Deceased Subjects.Brendan Parent, Bruce Gelb, Stephen Latham, Ariane Lewis, Laura L. Kimberly & Arthur L. Caplan - 2020 - Journal of Medical Ethics 46 (3):199-204.
    Over 115 000 people are waiting for life-saving organ transplants, of whom a small fraction will receive transplants and many others will die while waiting. Existing efforts to expand the number of available organs, including increasing the number of registered donors and procuring organs in uncontrolled environments, are crucial but unlikely to address the shortage in the near future and will not improve donor/recipient compatibility or organ quality. If successful, organ bioengineering can solve the shortage and improve functional outcomes. Studying (...)
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  17.  44
    Paradigms for Clinical Ethics Consultation Practice.Mark D. Fox, Glenn Mcgee & Arthur Caplan - 1998 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 7 (3):308-314.
    Clinical bioethics is big business. There are now hundreds of people who bioethics in community and university hospitals, nursing homes, rehabilitation and home care settings, and some who play the role of clinical ethics consultant to transplant teams, managed care companies, and genetic testing firms. Still, there is as much speculation about what clinically active bioethicists actually do as there was ten years ago. Various commentators have pondered the need for training standards, credentials, exams, and malpractice insurance for ethicists engaged (...)
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  18.  49
    All Gifts Large and Small: Toward an Understanding of the Ethics of Pharmaceutical Industry Gift-Giving.Jon F. Merz, Arthur L. Caplan & Dana Katz - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (10):11-17.
    Much attention has been focused in recent years on the ethical acceptability of physicians receiving gifts from drug companies. Professional guidelines recognize industry gifts as a conflict of interest and establish thresholds prohibiting the exchange of large gifts while expressly allowing for the exchange of small gifts such as pens, note pads, and coffee. Considerable evidence from the social sciences suggests that gifts of negligible value can influence the behavior of the recipient in ways the recipient does not always realize. (...)
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  19.  18
    The Perfect Must Not Overwhelm the Good: Response to Open Peer Commentaries on “Selecting the Right Tool For the Job”.Arthur L. Caplan, Carolyn Plunkett & Bruce Levin - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (4):W8 - W10.
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  20.  90
    No One Likes a Snitch.Barbara Redman & Arthur Caplan - 2015 - Science and Engineering Ethics 21 (4):813-819.
    Whistleblowers remain essential as complainants in allegations of research misconduct. Frequently internal to the research team, they are poorly protected from acts of retribution, which may deter the reporting of misconduct. In order to perform their important role, whistleblowers must be treated fairly. Draft regulations for whistleblower protection were published for public comment almost a decade ago but never issued. In the face of the growing challenge of research fraud, we suggest vigorous steps, to include: organizational responsibility to certify the (...)
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  21.  26
    Direct to Confusion: Lessons Learned From Marketing Brca Testing.Ellen Matloff & Arthur Caplan - 2008 - American Journal of Bioethics 8 (6):5 – 8.
    Myriad Genetics holds a patent on testing for the hereditary breast and ovarian cancer genes, BRCA1 and BRCA2, and therefore has a forced monopoly on this critical genetic test. Myriad launched a Direct-to-Consumer (DTC) marketing campaign in the Northeast United States in September 2007 and plans to expand that campaign to Florida and Texas in 2008. The ethics of Myriad's patent, forced monopoly and DTC campaign will be reviewed, as well as the impact of this situation on patient access and (...)
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  22. Why Autonomy Needs Help.Arthur Caplan - 2014 - Journal of Medical Ethics 40 (5):301-302.
    Some argue that to be effective in healthcare settings autonomy needs to be strengthened. The author thinks autonomy is fundamentally inadequate in healthcare settings and requires supplementation by experience-based paternalism on the part of doctors and healthcare providers.
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  23.  11
    Shouldn't Dead Be Dead?: The Search for a Uniform Definition of Death.Ariane Lewis, Katherine Cahn-Fuller & Arthur Caplan - 2017 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 45 (1):112-128.
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  24.  26
    The Task Force Responds.Baruch Brody, Nancy Dubler, Jeff Blustein, Arthur Caplan, Jeffrey P. Kahn, Nancy Kass, Bernard Lo, Jonathan Moreno, Jeremy Sugarman & Laurie Zoloth - 2002 - Hastings Center Report 32 (3):22-23.
  25.  22
    Historical Development and Current Status of Organ Procurement From Death-Row Prisoners in China.Kirk C. Allison, Arthur Caplan, Michael E. Shapiro, Charl Els, Norbert W. Paul & Huige Li - 2015 - BMC Medical Ethics 16 (1):1-7.
    BackgroundIn December 2014, China announced that only voluntarily donated organs from citizens would be used for transplantation after January 1, 2015. Many medical professionals worldwide believe that China has stopped using organs from death-row prisoners.DiscussionIn the present article, we briefly review the historical development of organ procurement from death-row prisoners in China and comprehensively analyze the social-political background and the legal basis of the announcement. The announcement was not accompanied by any change in organ sourcing legislations or regulations. As a (...)
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  26.  25
    Is It Sound Public Policy to Let the Terminally Ill Access Experimental Medical Innovations?Arthur Caplan - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (6):1 – 3.
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  27.  17
    How Long is Long Enough, and Have We Done Everything We Should?—Ethics of Calling Codes.Primi-Ashley Ranola, Raina M. Merchant, Sarah M. Perman, Abigail M. Khan, David Gaieski, Arthur L. Caplan & James N. Kirkpatrick - 2015 - Journal of Medical Ethics 41 (8):663-666.
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  28.  64
    What's Morally Wrong with Eugenics.Arthur L. Caplan - 2004 - In Arthur Caplan, James J. McCartney & Dominic A. Sisti (eds.), Health, Disease, and Illness: Concepts in Medicine. Georgetown University Press.
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  29.  19
    Fair, Just and Compassionate: A Pilot for Making Allocation Decisions for Patients Requesting Experimental Drugs Outside of Clinical Trials.Arthur L. Caplan, J. Russell Teagarden, Lisa Kearns, Alison S. Bateman-House, Edith Mitchell, Thalia Arawi, Ross Upshur, Ilina Singh, Joanna Rozynska, Valerie Cwik & Sharon L. Gardner - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics 44 (11):761-767.
    Patients have received experimental pharmaceuticals outside of clinical trials for decades. There are no industry-wide best practices, and many companies that have granted compassionate use, or ‘preapproval’, access to their investigational products have done so without fanfare and without divulging the process or grounds on which decisions were made. The number of compassionate use requests has increased over time. Driving the demand are new treatments for serious unmet medical needs; patient advocacy groups pressing for access to emerging treatments; internet platforms (...)
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  30.  27
    Moving the Womb.Arthur L. Caplan, Constance Marie Perry, Lauren A. Plante, Joseph Saloma & Frances R. Batzer - 2007 - Hastings Center Report 37 (3):18-20.
  31.  52
    Death Is Just Not What It Used to Be.James N. Kirkpatrick, Kara D. Beasley & Arthur Caplan - 2010 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 19 (1):7.
    It is said there are only two things in life that are certain: death and taxes … maybe only taxes.
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  32.  49
    A Proposed Ethical Framework for Vaccine Mandates: Competing Values and the Case of HPV.Robert I. Field & Arthur L. Caplan - 2008 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 18 (2):111-124.
    Debates over vaccine mandates raise intense emotions, as reflected in the current controversy over whether to mandate the vaccine against human papilloma virus (HPV), the virus that can cause cervical cancer. Public health ethics so far has failed to facilitate meaningful dialogue between the opposing sides. When stripped of its emotional charge, the debate can be framed as a contest between competing ethical values. This framework can be conceptualized graphically as a conflict between autonomy on the one hand, which militates (...)
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  33. Scientific Controversies Case Studies in the Resolution and Closure of Disputes in Science and Technology.H. Tristram Engelhardt & Arthur L. Caplan - 1987
  34.  12
    Special Supplement: Ethical Challenges of Chronic Illness.Bruce Jennings, Daniel Callahan & Arthur L. Caplan - 1988 - Hastings Center Report 18 (1):1.
  35. Good, Better or Best.Arthur L. Caplan - 2009 - In Julian Savulescu & Nick Bostrom (eds.), Human Enhancement. Oxford University Press. pp. 199--209.
  36.  9
    Beyond Schiavo.Arthur L. Caplan & Edward J. Bergman - 2007 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 18 (4):340.
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  37. The Case of Terri Schiavo: Ethics at the End of Life.Arthur L. Caplan, James J. McCartney & Dominic A. Sisti (eds.) - 2006 - Prometheus Books.
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  38.  44
    Duty and 'Euthanasia': The Nurses of Meseritz-Obrawalde.Susan Benedict, Arthur Caplan & Traute Lafrenz Page - 2007 - Nursing Ethics 14 (6):781-794.
    This article examines the actions and testimonies of 14 nurses who killed psychiatric patients at the state hospital of Meseritz-Obrawalde in the Nazi 'euthanasia' program. The nurses provided various reasons for their decisions to participate in the killings. An ethical analysis of the testimonies demonstrates that a belief in the relief of suffering, the notion that the patients would 'benefit' from death, their selection by physicians for the 'treatment' of 'euthanasia', and a perceived duty to obey unquestioningly the orders of (...)
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  39.  32
    "Who Lost China?" A Foreshadowing of Today's Ideological Disputes in Bioethics.Arthur L. Caplan - 2005 - Hastings Center Report 35 (3):12-13.
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  40. Good, Better, or Best?Arthur L. Caplan - 2010 - In Julian Savulescu & Nick Bostrom (eds.), Human Enhancement. Oxford University Press.
  41.  27
    Charlie Gard and the Limits of Parental Authority.Arthur Caplan & Kelly McBride Folkers - 2017 - Hastings Center Report 47 (5):15-16.
    The parents of Charlie Gard, who was born August 4, 2016, with an exceedingly rare and incurable disease called mitochondrial DNA depletion syndrome, fought a prolonged and heated legal battle to allow him access to experimental treatment that they hoped would prolong his life and to prevent his doctors from withdrawing life-sustaining care. Charlie's clinicians at the Great Ormond Street Hospital in London believed that the brain damage Charlie had suffered as a result of frequent epileptic seizures, along with many (...)
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  42. Should Foetuses or Infants Be Utilized as Organ Donors.Arthur L. Caplan - 1987 - Bioethics 1 (2):119-140.
     
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  43. Concepts of Health and Disease: Interdisciplinary Perspectives.Arthur L. Caplan, H. Tristram Engelhardt & James J. McCartney (eds.) - 1981 - Addison-Wesley, Advanced Book Program/World Science Division.
  44.  4
    About Face.Arthur Caplan & Dana Katz - 2003 - Hastings Center Report 33 (1):8-8.
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  45.  3
    Policy & Politics: "Who Lost China?" A Foreshadowing of Today's Ideological Disputes in Bioethics.Arthur Caplan - 2005 - Hastings Center Report 35 (3):12.
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  46.  18
    A Quiet Revolution in Organ Transplant Ethics.Arthur Caplan & Duncan Purves - 2017 - Journal of Medical Ethics 43 (11):797-800.
    A quiet revolution is occurring in the field of transplantation. Traditionally, transplants have involved solid organs such as the kidney, heart and liver which are transplanted to prevent recipients from dying. Now transplants are being done of the face, hand, uterus, penis and larynx that aim at improving a recipient's quality of life. The shift away from saving lives to seeking to make them better requires a shift in the ethical thinking that has long formed the foundation of organ transplantation. (...)
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  47.  6
    Hard Choices for Vulnerable Patients: Some Lessons Learned That May Apply.Arthur L. Caplan & Lisa Kearns - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics 17 (10):68-69.
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  48.  7
    Fair is Fair: We Must Re-Allocate Livers for Transplant.Brendan Parent & Arthur L. Caplan - 2017 - BMC Medical Ethics 18 (1):26.
    The 11 original regions for organ allocation in the United States were determined by proximity between hospitals that provided deceased donors and transplant programs. As liver transplants became more successful and demand rose, livers became a scarce resource. A national system has been implemented to prioritize liver allocation according to disease severity, but the system still operates within the original procurement regions, some of which have significantly more deceased donor livers. Although each region prioritizes its sickest patients to be liver (...)
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  49.  69
    What's in the Dish?Glenn McGee & Arthur L. Caplan - 1999 - Hastings Center Report 29 (2):36-38.
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  50.  7
    Off with Their Heads: The Need to Criminalize Some Forms of Scientific Misconduct.Barbara K. Redman & Arthur L. Caplan - 2005 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 33 (2):345-348.
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