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Arthur L. Caplan [137]Arthur Leonard Caplan [1]
  1.  38
    Rethinking the Belmont Report?Phoebe Friesen, Lisa Kearns, Barbara Redman & Arthur L. Caplan - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics 17 (7):15-21.
    This article reflects on the relevance and applicability of the Belmont Report nearly four decades after its original publication. In an exploration of criticisms that have been raised in response to the report and of significant changes that have occurred within the context of biomedical research, five primary themes arise. These themes include the increasingly vague boundary between research and practice, unique harms to communities that are not addressed by the principle of respect for persons, and how growing complexity and (...)
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  2.  52
    All Gifts Large and Small: Toward an Understanding of the Ethics of Pharmaceutical Industry Gift-Giving.Jon F. Merz, Arthur L. Caplan & Dana Katz - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (10):11-17.
    Much attention has been focused in recent years on the ethical acceptability of physicians receiving gifts from drug companies. Professional guidelines recognize industry gifts as a conflict of interest and establish thresholds prohibiting the exchange of large gifts while expressly allowing for the exchange of small gifts such as pens, note pads, and coffee. Considerable evidence from the social sciences suggests that gifts of negligible value can influence the behavior of the recipient in ways the recipient does not always realize. (...)
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  3.  29
    Selecting the Right Tool For the Job.Arthur L. Caplan, Carolyn Plunkett & Bruce Levin - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (4):4-10.
    There are competing ethical concerns when it comes to designing any clinical research study. Clinical trials of possible treatments for Ebola virus are no exception. If anything, the competing ethical concerns are exacerbated in trying to find answers to a deadly, rapidly spreading, infectious disease. The primary goal of current research is to identify experimental therapies that can cure Ebola or cure it with reasonable probability in infected individuals. Pursuit of that goal must be methodologically sound, practical and consistent with (...)
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  4.  30
    Pick Your Poison: Historicism, Essentialism, and Emergentism in the Definition of Species.Arthur L. Caplan - 1981 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 4 (2):285-286.
  5.  26
    Back to Class: A Note on the Ontology of Species.Arthur L. Caplan - 1981 - Philosophy of Science 48 (1):130-140.
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  6.  57
    A National Study of Ethics Committees.Glenn McGee, Joshua P. Spanogle, Arthur L. Caplan & David A. Asch - 2001 - American Journal of Bioethics 1 (4):60-64.
    Conceived as a solution to clinical dilemmas, and now required by organizations for hospital accreditation, ethics committees have been subject only to small-scale studies. The wide use of ethics committees and the diverse roles they play compel study. In 1999 the University of Pennsylvania Ethics Committee Research Group (ECRG) completed the first national survey of the presence, composition, and activities of U.S. healthcare ethics committees (HECs). Ethics committees are relatively young, on average seven years in operation. Eighty-six percent of ethics (...)
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  7.  50
    All Gifts Large and Small.Dana Katz, Arthur L. Caplan & Jon F. Merz - 2003 - American Journal of Bioethics 3 (3):39-46.
    Much attention has been focused in recent years on the ethical acceptability of physicians receiving gifts from drug companies. Professional guidelines recognize industry gifts as a conflict of interest and establish thresholds prohibiting the exchange of large gifts while expressly allowing for the exchange of small gifts such as pens, note pads, and coffee. Considerable evidence from the social sciences suggests that gifts of negligible value can influence the behavior of the recipient in ways the recipient does not always realize. (...)
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  8. Concepts of Health and Disease: Interdisciplinary Perspectives.Arthur L. Caplan, H. Tristram Engelhardt & James J. McCartney (eds.) - 1981 - Addison-Wesley, Advanced Book Program/World Science Division.
     
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  9. The Sociobiology Debate: Readings on Ethical and Scientific Issues.Arthur L. Caplan - 1978 - Harpercollins Publishers.
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  10.  29
    Fair, Just and Compassionate: A Pilot for Making Allocation Decisions for Patients Requesting Experimental Drugs Outside of Clinical Trials.Arthur L. Caplan, J. Russell Teagarden, Lisa Kearns, Alison S. Bateman-House, Edith Mitchell, Thalia Arawi, Ross Upshur, Ilina Singh, Joanna Rozynska, Valerie Cwik & Sharon L. Gardner - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics 44 (11):761-767.
    Patients have received experimental pharmaceuticals outside of clinical trials for decades. There are no industry-wide best practices, and many companies that have granted compassionate use, or ‘preapproval’, access to their investigational products have done so without fanfare and without divulging the process or grounds on which decisions were made. The number of compassionate use requests has increased over time. Driving the demand are new treatments for serious unmet medical needs; patient advocacy groups pressing for access to emerging treatments; internet platforms (...)
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  11.  49
    Successes and Failures of Hospital Ethics Committees: A National Survey of Ethics Committee Chairs.Glenn Mcgee, Joshua P. Spanogle, Arthur L. Caplan, Dina Penny & David A. Asch - 2002 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 11 (1):87-93.
    In 1992, the Joint Commission on the Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations (JCAHO) passed a mandate that all its approved hospitals put in place a means for addressing ethical concerns.Although the particular process the hospital uses to address such concernsmay vary, the hospital or healthcare ethics committee (HEC) is used most often. In a companion study to that reported here, we found that in 1998 over 90% of U.S. hospitals had ethics committees, compared to just 1% in 1983, and that many (...)
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  12.  35
    Nudge, Nudge or Shove, Shove—The Right Way for Nudges to Increase the Supply of Donated Cadaver Organs.Kyle Powys Whyte, Evan Selinger, Arthur L. Caplan & Jathan Sadowski - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics 12 (2):32-39.
    Richard Thaler and Cass Sunstein (2008) contend that mandated choice is the most practical nudge for increasing organ donation. We argue that they are wrong, and their mistake results from failing to appreciate how perceptions of meaning can influence people's responses to nudges. We favor a policy of default to donation that is subject to immediate family veto power, includes options for people to opt out (and be educated on how to do so), and emphasizes the role of organ procurement (...)
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  13.  79
    What's Morally Wrong with Eugenics.Arthur L. Caplan - 2004 - In Arthur Caplan, James J. McCartney & Dominic A. Sisti (eds.), Health, Disease, and Illness: Concepts in Medicine. Georgetown University Press.
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  14.  15
    Ethical Considerations in Deep Brain Stimulation for the Treatment of Addiction and Overeating Associated With Obesity.Jared M. Pisapia, Casey H. Halpern, Ulf J. Muller, Piergiuseppe Vinai, John A. Wolf, Donald M. Whiting, Thomas A. Wadden, Gordon H. Baltuch & Arthur L. Caplan - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 4 (2):35-46.
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  15. Moving the Womb: The Ethics of Uterine Transplants.Arthur L. Caplan - forthcoming - Hastings Center Report.
     
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  16. Does the Philosophy of Medicine Exist?Arthur L. Caplan - 1992 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 13 (1):67-77.
    There has been a great deal of discussion, in this journal and others, about obstacles hindering the evolution of the philosophy of medicine. Such discussions presuppose that there is widespread agreement about what it is that constitutes the philosophy of medicine.Despite the fact that there is, and has been for decades, a great deal of literature, teaching and professional activity carried out explicitly in the name of the philosophy of medicine, this is not enough to establish that consensus exists as (...)
     
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  17.  13
    Special Supplement: Ethical Challenges of Chronic Illness.Bruce Jennings, Daniel Callahan & Arthur L. Caplan - 1988 - Hastings Center Report 18 (1):1.
  18.  18
    It’s Not Easy Bein’ Fair.Kyle Ferguson & Arthur L. Caplan - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (7):160-162.
    Volume 20, Issue 7, July 2020, Page 160-162.
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  19.  14
    The Ethics of the Unmentionable.Arthur L. Caplan - 2020 - Journal of Medical Ethics 46 (10):687-688.
    For decades The People’s Republic of China has been expanding its capacity to perform organ transplants, primarily kidneys and livers but also hearts, lungs and multiorgan transplants. The annual number of organ transplants performed is estimated to be over 30 000. The number is expected to grow with a projected market for immunosuppressants expected to be over ¥30 billion/$4.3 billion by 2024.1 China is second only to the USA and is expected to become the country with the largest number of (...)
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  20. The Unnaturalness of Aging: A Sickness Unto Death?Arthur L. Caplan - 1981 - In Arthur L. Caplan, H. Tristram Engelhardt & James J. McCartney (eds.), Concepts of Health and Disease: Interdisciplinary Perspectives. Addison-Wesley, Advanced Book Program/World Science Division. pp. 725--737.
     
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  21. Is There a Duty to Serve as a Subject in Biomedical Research?Arthur L. Caplan - 1984 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 6 (5):1.
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  22.  1
    Ethical Engineers Need Not Apply: The State of Applied Ethics Today.Arthur L. Caplan - 1980 - Science, Technology and Human Values 5 (4):24-32.
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  23.  20
    Can Applied Ethics Be Effective in Health Care and Should It Strive to Be?Arthur L. Caplan - 1982 - Ethics 93 (2):311-319.
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  24.  16
    The Ethics of Testing and Research of Manufactured Organs on Brain-Dead/Recently Deceased Subjects.Brendan Parent, Bruce Gelb, Stephen Latham, Ariane Lewis, Laura L. Kimberly & Arthur L. Caplan - 2020 - Journal of Medical Ethics 46 (3):199-204.
    Over 115 000 people are waiting for life-saving organ transplants, of whom a small fraction will receive transplants and many others will die while waiting. Existing efforts to expand the number of available organs, including increasing the number of registered donors and procuring organs in uncontrolled environments, are crucial but unlikely to address the shortage in the near future and will not improve donor/recipient compatibility or organ quality. If successful, organ bioengineering can solve the shortage and improve functional outcomes. Studying (...)
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  25.  22
    The Perfect Must Not Overwhelm the Good: Response to Open Peer Commentaries on “Selecting the Right Tool For the Job”.Arthur L. Caplan, Carolyn Plunkett & Bruce Levin - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (4):W8 - W10.
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  26.  1
    Genetics and Life Insurance: Medical Underwriting and Social Policy.Arthur L. Caplan - 2004 - MIT Press.
    Experts discuss the economic, legal, and social issues surrounding the use of genetic testing in determining eligibility for life insurance. Insurance companies routinely use an individual's medical history and family medical history in determining eligibility for life insurance; this is part of the process of medical underwriting. Insurers have also long used genetic information, often derived from family history, in underwriting. But rapid advances in gene identification and genetic testing are changing the way we look at genetic information. Should the (...)
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  27. Why Autonomy Needs Help.Arthur L. Caplan - 2014 - Journal of Medical Ethics 40 (5):301-302.
    Some argue that to be effective in healthcare settings autonomy needs to be strengthened. The author thinks autonomy is fundamentally inadequate in healthcare settings and requires supplementation by experience-based paternalism on the part of doctors and healthcare providers.
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  28.  19
    How Long is Long Enough, and Have We Done Everything We Should?—Ethics of Calling Codes.Primi-Ashley Ranola, Raina M. Merchant, Sarah M. Perman, Abigail M. Khan, David Gaieski, Arthur L. Caplan & James N. Kirkpatrick - 2015 - Journal of Medical Ethics 41 (8):663-666.
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  29. Good, Better, or Best?Arthur L. Caplan - 2010 - In Julian Savulescu & Nick Bostrom (eds.), Human Enhancement. Oxford University Press.
  30.  29
    Moving the Womb.Arthur L. Caplan, Constance Marie Perry, Lauren A. Plante, Joseph Saloma & Frances R. Batzer - 2007 - Hastings Center Report 37 (3):18-20.
  31.  15
    Special Supplement: The Birth of Bioethics.Albert R. Jonsen, Shana Alexander, Judith P. Swazey, Warren T. Reich, Robert M. Veatch, Daniel Callahan, Tom L. Beauchamp, Stanley Hauerwas, K. Danner Clouser, David J. Rothman, Daniel M. Fox, Stanley J. Reiser & Arthur L. Caplan - 1993 - Hastings Center Report 23 (6):S1.
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  32.  64
    A Proposed Ethical Framework for Vaccine Mandates: Competing Values and the Case of HPV.Robert I. Field & Arthur L. Caplan - 2008 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 18 (2):111-124.
    Debates over vaccine mandates raise intense emotions, as reflected in the current controversy over whether to mandate the vaccine against human papilloma virus (HPV), the virus that can cause cervical cancer. Public health ethics so far has failed to facilitate meaningful dialogue between the opposing sides. When stripped of its emotional charge, the debate can be framed as a contest between competing ethical values. This framework can be conceptualized graphically as a conflict between autonomy on the one hand, which militates (...)
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  33. Good, Better or Best.Arthur L. Caplan - 2009 - In Julian Savulescu & Nick Bostrom (eds.), Human Enhancement. Oxford University Press. pp. 199--209.
  34.  21
    Special Supplement: Ethical & Policy Issues in Rehabilitation Medicine.Arthur L. Caplan, Daniel Callahan & Janet Haas - 1987 - Hastings Center Report 17 (4):1.
    The field of medical rehabilitation is relatively new.... Until recently, the ethical problems of this new field were neglected. There seemed to be more pressing concerns as rehabilitation medicine struggled to establish itself, sometimes in the face of considerable skepticism or hostility. There also seemed no pressing moral questions of the kind and intensity to be encountered, say, in high-technology acute care medicine or genetic engineering.... Those in biomedical ethics could and did easily overlook the quiet, less obtrusive issues of (...)
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  35. The Case of Terri Schiavo: Ethics at the End of Life.Arthur L. Caplan, James J. McCartney & Dominic A. Sisti (eds.) - 2006 - Prometheus Books.
    Gathers medical and legal documents, opinions from various perspectives, and a timeline of events in the Terri Shiavo case to provide a resource for examining the moral and ethical issues surrounding end-of-life decisions.
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  36.  13
    Organ Transplants: The Costs of Success.Arthur L. Caplan - 1983 - Hastings Center Report 13 (6):23-32.
  37.  35
    "Who Lost China?" A Foreshadowing of Today's Ideological Disputes in Bioethics.Arthur L. Caplan - 2005 - Hastings Center Report 35 (3):12-13.
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  38.  27
    Mechanics on Duty: The Limitations of a Technical Definition of Moral Expertise for Work in Applied Ethics.Arthur L. Caplan - 1982 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 12 (sup1):1-18.
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  39.  12
    Self-Inflicted Gunshot Wound as a Consideration in the Patient Selection Process for Facial Transplantation.Michelle W. Mcquinn, Laura L. Kimberly, Brendan Parent, J. Rodrigo Diaz-Siso, Arthur L. Caplan, Aileen G. Blitz & Eduardo D. Rodriguez - 2019 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 28 (3):450-462.
    :Facial transplantation is emerging as a therapeutic option for self-inflicted gunshot wounds. The self-inflicted nature of this injury raises questions about the appropriate role of self-harm in determining patient eligibility. Potential candidates for facial transplantation undergo extensive psychosocial screening. The presence of a self-inflicted gunshot wound warrants special attention to ensure that a patient is prepared to undergo a demanding procedure that poses significant risk, as well as stringent lifelong management. Herein, we explore the ethics of considering mechanism of injury (...)
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  40.  13
    The Penn Center Guide to Bioethics.Vardit Ravitsky, Autumn Fiester & Arthur L. Caplan (eds.) - 2009 - Springer Publishing Company.
    This book will also inform the general public, patients, and family members as they seek answers to the bioethical issues of the day.
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  41.  11
    Beyond Schiavo.Arthur L. Caplan & Edward J. Bergman - 2007 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 18 (4):340.
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  42. When Medicine Went Mad: Bioethics and the Holocaust.Arthur L. Caplan & Lynn Gillam - 1996 - Bioethics 10 (2):180-181.
     
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  43.  15
    Bioethics on Trial.Arthur L. Caplan - 1991 - Hastings Center Report 21 (2):19-20.
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  44.  5
    The Quest for Compensation for Research-Related Injury in the United States: A New Proposal.Carolyn Riley Chapman, Sangita Sukumaran, Geremew Tarekegne Tsegaye, Yelena Shevchenko & Arthur L. Caplan - 2019 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 47 (4):732-747.
    In the U.S., there is no requirement for research sponsors to compensate human research subjects who experience injuries as a result of their participation. In this article, we review the moral justifications that compel the establishment of a better research-related injury compensation system. We explore how other countries and certain institutions within the U.S. have adopted various systems of compensation. The existence of these systems demonstrates both that the U.S. lags behind other nations in its protection of human research subjects (...)
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  45.  9
    Off with Their Heads: The Need to Criminalize Some Forms of Scientific Misconduct.Barbara K. Redman & Arthur L. Caplan - 2005 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 33 (2):345-348.
    An increasingly long line of high-profile scientific misconduct cases raises the question of whether regulatory policy ought to incorporate more rigorous sanctions for investigators and their institutions. Broad and Wade graphically describe these cases through the early 1980s. They continue to recent times with the cases of Evan Dreyer, Kimon Angelides and Robert Liburdy, Justin Radolf, and others. In addition, recent Congressional investigation into conflict of interest concerns surrounding consulting by National Institutes of Health scientists has raised further questions about (...)
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  46.  16
    Off with Their Heads: The Need to Criminalize Some Forms of Scientific Misconduct.Barbara K. Redman & Arthur L. Caplan - 2005 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 33 (2):345-346.
    An increasingly long line of high-profile scientific misconduct cases raises the question of whether regulatory policy ought to incorporate more rigorous sanctions for investigators and their institutions. Broad and Wade graphically describe these cases through the early 1980s. They continue to recent times with the cases of Evan Dreyer, Kimon Angelides and Robert Liburdy, Justin Radolf, and others. In addition, recent Congressional investigation into conflict of interest concerns surrounding consulting by National Institutes of Health scientists has raised further questions about (...)
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  47.  25
    Haunt Me No Longer.Arthur L. Caplan & Walter J. Bock - 1988 - Biology and Philosophy 3 (4):443-454.
  48.  71
    What's in the Dish?Glenn McGee & Arthur L. Caplan - 1999 - Hastings Center Report 29 (2):36-38.
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  49.  52
    The Ethics and Politics of Small Sacrifices in Stem Cell Research.Glenn McGee & Arthur L. Caplan - 1999 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 9 (2):151-158.
    : Pluripotent human stem cell research may offer new treatments for hundreds of diseases, but opponents of this research argue that such therapy comes attached to a Faustian bargain: cures at the cost of the destruction of many frozen embryos. The National Bioethics Advisory Commission (NBAC), government officials, and many scholars of bioethics, including, in these pages, John Robertson, have not offered an adequate response to ethical objections to stem cell research. Instead of examining the ethical issues involved in sacrificing (...)
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  50.  1
    Due Consideration: Controversy in the Age of Medical Miracles.Arthur L. Caplan - 1998 - Wiley.
    The bioethicist explores such issues as cloning, abortion, breast-feeding in public, genetic engineering, and assisted suicide.
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1 — 50 / 137