Results for 'Arthur M. Farley'

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  1.  73
    A Model of Argumentation and its Application to Legal Reasoning.Kathleen Freeman & Arthur M. Farley - 1996 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 4 (3-4):163-197.
    We present a computational model of dialectical argumentation that could serve as a basis for legal reasoning. The legal domain is an instance of a domain in which knowledge is incomplete, uncertain, and inconsistent. Argumentation is well suited for reasoning in such weak theory domains. We model argument both as information structure, i.e., argument units connecting claims with supporting data, and as dialectical process, i.e., an alternating series of moves by opposing sides. Our model includes burden of proof as a (...)
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  2.  36
    Textualities in the Digital Age.Arthur M. Farley - 2013 - Humanist Studies and the Digital Age 3 (1):7-10.
    The article provides an overview of the symposium of the same name held at the University of Oregon on April 14, 2012. A summary of the presentations is included.
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  3. What Memory is For: Creating Meaning in the Service of Action.Arthur M. Glenberg - 1997 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (1):1-19.
    I address the commentators' calls for clarification of theoretical terms, discussion of similarities to other proposals, and extension of the ideas. In doing so, I keep the focus on the purpose of memory: enabling the organism to make sense of its environment so that it can take action appropriate to constraints resulting from the physical, personal, social, and cultural situations.
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  4.  41
    Neurocognitive Poetics: Methods and Models for Investigating the Neuronal and Cognitive-Affective Bases of Literature Reception.Arthur M. Jacobs - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  5. The Gravest Threat: Dealing with North Korea's Nuclear Program.M. August & Cj Farley - 1993 - In Jonathan Westphal & Carl Avren Levenson (eds.), Time. Hackett Pub. Co.. pp. 142--22.
     
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  6.  16
    Arthur M. Diamond, Jr.Arthur Diamond - 1993 - Social Epistemology 7 (3):245-248.
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  7.  40
    10 Years of BAWLing Into Affective and Aesthetic Processes in Reading: What Are the Echoes?Arthur M. Jacobs, Melissa L.-H. Võ, Benny B. Briesemeister, Markus Conrad, Markus J. Hofmann, Lars Kuchinke, Jana Lã¼Dtke & Mario Braun - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  8.  87
    Dr. Arthur Conan Doyle and the Case of Congenital Syphilis.Arthur M. Silverstein & Christine Ruggere - 2006 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 49 (2):209-219.
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  9.  13
    Philosophy Between the Lines: The Lost History of Esoteric Writing.Arthur M. Melzer - 2014 - University of Chicago Press.
    Philosophy Between the Lines is the first comprehensive, book-length study of the history and theoretical basis of philosophical esotericism, and it provides a crucial guide to how many major writings—philosophical, but also theological, ...
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  10.  15
    “The Brain Is the Prisoner of Thought”: A Machine-Learning Assisted Quantitative Narrative Analysis of Literary Metaphors for Use in Neurocognitive Poetics.M. Jacobs Arthur & Kinder Annette - 2017 - Metaphor and Symbol 32 (3):139-160.
    Two main goals of the emerging field of neurocognitive poetics are the use of more natural and ecologically valid stimuli, tasks and contexts and providing methods and models allowing to quantify distinctive features of verbal materials used in such tasks and contexts and their effects on readers responses. A natural key element of poetic language, metaphor, still is understudied insofar as relatively little empirical research looked at literary or poetic metaphors. An exception is Katz et al.’s corpus of 204 literary (...)
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  11.  21
    What Makes a Metaphor Literary? Answers From Two Computational Studies.Arthur M. Jacobs & Annette Kinder - 2018 - Metaphor and Symbol 33 (2):85-100.
    ABSTRACTIn this article we investigate structural differences between “literary” metaphors created by renowned poets and “nonliterary” ones imagined by non-professional authors from Katz et al.’s 1988 corpus. We provide data from quantitative narrative analyses of the altogether 464 metaphors on over 70 variables, including surface features like metaphor length, phonological features like sonority score, or syntactic-semantic features like sentence similarity. In a first computational study using machine learning tools we show that Katz et al.’s literary metaphors can be successfully discriminated (...)
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  12.  8
    The Natural Goodness of Man: On the System of Rousseau's Thought.Arthur M. Melzer - 1990 - University of Chicago Press.
    The true key to all the perplexities of the human condition, Rousseau boldly claims, is the “natural goodness of man.” It is also the key to his own notoriously contradictory writings, which, he insists, are actually the disassembled parts of a rigorous philosophical system rooted in that fundamental principle. What if this problematic claim—so often repeated, but as often dismissed—were resolutely followed and explored? Arthur M. Melzer adopts this approach in The Natural Goodness of Man. The first two parts (...)
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  13.  40
    Gender, Emotion, and the Embodiment of Language Comprehension.Arthur M. Glenberg, Bryan J. Webster, Emily Mouilso, David Havas & Lisa M. Lindeman - 2009 - Emotion Review 1 (2):151-161.
    Language comprehension requires a simulation that uses neural systems involved in perception, action, and emotion. A review of recent literature as well as new experiments support five predictions derived from this framework. 1. Being in an emotional state congruent with sentence content facilitates sentence comprehension. 2. Because women are more reactive to sad events and men are more reactive to angry events, women understand sentences about sad events with greater facility than men, and men understand sentences about angry events with (...)
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  14.  9
    Quantifying the Beauty of Words: A Neurocognitive Poetics Perspective.Arthur M. Jacobs - 2017 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 11.
  15. Medicine's Symbolic Reality.Arthur M. Kleinman - 1973 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 16 (1-4):206 – 213.
    Modern socio?cultural studies of medicine demonstrate the symbolic character of much of medical reality. This symbolic reality can be appreciated as mediating the traditional division of medicine into biophysical and human sciences. Comparative studies of medical systems offer a general model for medicine as a human science. These studies document that medicine, from an historical and cross?cultural perspective, is constituted as a cultural system in which symbolic meanings take an active part in disease formation, the classification and cognitive management of (...)
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  16.  39
    Science as a Rational Enterprise.Arthur M. Diamond - 1988 - Theory and Decision 24 (2):147-167.
  17.  10
    The Reflexive Universe: Evolution of Consciousness.Arthur M. Young - 1973 - [N.P.]Big Sur Recordings.
    Twentieth-century developments in quantum physics, together with an emerging science of consciousness, have created the need for a new cosmology, or model of the universe. The theory of process contained in THE REFLEXIVE UNIVERSE places consciousness within the context of contemporary science. One of the central themes of this extraordinary work is that each successive organization of matter, from fundamental particles in physics to living organisms, expresses a particular stage in the evolution of mind. Starting with the photon, the basic (...)
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  18. Book Review: Christ and Caesar: The Gospel and the Roman Empire in the Writings of Paul and LukeChrist and Caesar: The Gospel and the Roman Empire in the Writings of Paul and LukebyKimSeyoonEerdmans, Grand Rapids, 2008. 244 Pp $24 00 ISBN 978-0-8028-6008-8. [REVIEW]Arthur M. Wright - 2010 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 64 (1):100-102.
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  19.  3
    Sentiment Analysis of Children and Youth Literature: Is There a Pollyanna Effect?Arthur M. Jacobs, Berenike Herrmann, Gerhard Lauer, Jana Lüdtke & Sascha Schroeder - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  20.  19
    The Vital Center.Arthur M. Schlesinger - 1950 - Philosophical Review 59 (2):246-249.
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  21. Language and Action: Creating Sensible Combinations of Ideas.Arthur M. Glenberg - 2009 - In Gareth Gaskell (ed.), Oxford Handbook of Psycholinguistics. Oxford University Press.
     
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  22.  15
    The Economics of Science.Arthur M. Diamond - 1996 - Knowledge and Policy 9 (2-3):6-49.
  23.  1
    Which Way Out?: And Other Essays.Arthur M. Young - 1990 - R. Briggs Associates.
  24.  18
    Arthur M. Silverstein. A History of Immunology. Second Edition. Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2009. $79.96.Ed Cohen. A Body Worth Defending: Immunity, Biopolitics, and the Apotheosis of the Modern Body. Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press, 2009. $89.95. [REVIEW]Alfred I. Tauber - 2010 - Isis 101 (3):636-637.
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  25. Diderot.Arthur M. Wilson - 1978 - Diderot Studies 19:221-225.
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  26.  11
    Morita Psychotherapy.Arthur M. Kleinman & David K. Reynolds - 1977 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 97 (3):350.
  27.  8
    Archaeology in Greece, 1924–25.Arthur M. Woodward - 1925 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 45 (2):210-228.
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  28.  7
    Archaeology in Greece, 1922–24.Arthur M. Woodward - 1924 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 44 (2):254-280.
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  29.  6
    Some Unpublished Attic Inscriptions.Arthur M. Woodward - 1908 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 28 (2):291-312.
  30.  8
    Orthographic Processing in Visual Word Recognition: A Multiple Read-Out Model.Jonathan Grainger & Arthur M. Jacobs - 1996 - Psychological Review 103 (3):518-565.
  31. Framing the Debate.Arthur M. Glenberg, Manuel de Vega & Graesser & C. Arthur - 2008 - In Manuel de Vega, Arthur Glenberg & Arthur Graesser (eds.), Symbols and Embodiment: Debates on Meaning and Cognition. Oxford University Press.
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  32.  3
    Inscriptions From Thessaly and Macedonia.Arthur M. Woodward - 1913 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 33:313-346.
  33.  3
    Some More Unpublished Fragments of Attic Treasure-Records.Arthur M. Woodward - 1911 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 31:31-41.
  34. The Vital Center. By Martin Gardner. [REVIEW]Arthur M. Schlesinger - 1949 - Ethics 60:296.
     
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  35.  2
    Three New Fragments of Attic Treasure-Records.Arthur M. Woodward - 1909 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 29 (2):168-191.
  36. Radical Changes in Cognitive Process Due to Technology.Arthur M. Glenberg - 2006 - Pragmatics and Cognition 14 (2):263-274.
    A strong case can be made that the cognitive system is designed for guiding action, not, for example, symbol manipulation. I review empirical work demonstrating the link between action and cognition with special attention to the processes of language comprehension. Next, I sketch an embodied cognition framework for integrating work on language understanding with a more general approach to cognition and action. This general approach considers contributions to action of bodily states, emotions, social and cultural processes, and learning within a (...)
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  37.  16
    Mind Mappers and Cognitive Modelers: Toward Cross-Fertilization.Arthur M. Jacobs & Thomas H. Carr - 1995 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 18 (2):362-363.
  38.  5
    What Is the Difference? Rereading Shakespeare’s Sonnets —An Eye Tracking Study.Shuwei Xue, Arthur M. Jacobs & Jana Lüdtke - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  39.  9
    The End is Near!: The Phenomenon of the Declaration of Closure in a Discipline.Arthur M. Silverstein - 1999 - History of Science 37 (118):407-425.
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  40.  31
    Arthur M. Diamond, Jr., Openness to Creative Destruction Sustaining Innovative Dynamism. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2019. [REVIEW]Kelly Kate Evans - forthcoming - Journal of Value Inquiry:1-12.
    The Pfizer-BioNTech coronavirus vaccine is 90 percent effective in protecting against COVID-19. It would not have been possible without the tireless effort of Professor Katalin Karikó, a scientific innovator fitting the mold of dynamic inventor Arthur Diamond presents in his book, Openness to Creative Destruction Sustaining Innovative Dynamism. Not only did Professor Karikó persist in her beliefs in the therapeutic potential of synthetic messenger RNA over the course of four decades, but she did so despite the criticisms of other (...)
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  41.  75
    Comment on Walter’s “Social Cognitive Neuroscience of Empathy: Concepts, Circuits, and Genes”.Arthur M. Jacobs - 2012 - Emotion Review 4 (1):20-21.
    In his review, Walter (2012) links conceptual perspectives on empathy with crucial results of neurocognitive and genetic studies and presents a descriptive neurocognitive model that identifies neuronal key structures and links them with both cognitive and affective empathy via a high and a low road. After discussion of this model, the remainder of this comment deals more generally with the possibilities and limitations of current neurocognitive models, considering ways to develop process models allowing specific quantitative predictions.
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  42.  10
    Avery's "Neurotic Reluctance".Arthur M. Diamond - 1982 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 26 (1):137-150.
  43.  48
    Caring About Dostoyevsky: The Untapped Potential of Studying Literature.Roel M. Willems & Arthur M. Jacobs - 2016 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 20 (4):243-245.
  44.  5
    Enhancing Calibration of Comprehension.Arthur M. Glenberg, Thomas Sanocki, William Epstein & Craig Morris - 1987 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 116 (2):119-136.
  45.  53
    An Affordance Field for Guiding Movement and Cognition.Arthur M. Glenberg, Monica R. Cowart & Michael P. Kaschak - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (1):43-44.
    An embodied movement-planning field cannot account for behavior and cognition more abstract than that of reaching. Instead, we propose an affordance field, and we sketch how it could enhance the analysis of the A-not-B error, underlie cognition, and serve as a base for language. Admittedly, a dynamic systems account of an affordance field awaits significant further development.
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  46.  64
    The Heuristic Value of Experimental Systems: The Case of Immune Hemolysis.Arthur M. Silverstein - 1994 - Journal of the History of Biology 27 (3):437-447.
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  47. Diderot.Arthur M. Wilson - 1974 - Political Theory 2 (4):447-448.
     
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  48.  19
    On Computational Theories and Multilevel, Multitask Models of Cognition: The Case of Word Recognition.Arthur M. Jacobs - 1994 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (4):670-672.
  49.  14
    Symbols and Embodiment: Debates on Meaning and Cognition.Manuel de Vega, Arthur M. Glenberg & Arthur C. Graesser (eds.) - 2008 - Oxford University Press.
    Cognitive scientists have a variety of approaches to studying cognition: experimental psychology, computer science, robotics, neuroscience, educational psychology, philosophy of mind, and psycholinguistics, to name but a few. In addition, they also differ in their approaches to cognition - some of them consider that the mind works basically like a computer, involving programs composed of abstract, amodal, and arbitrary symbols. Others claim that cognition is embodied - that is, symbols must be grounded on perceptual, motoric, and emotional experience. The existence (...)
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  50. Questions Concerning the Law of Nature.Arthur M. Melzer - 1991 - Review of Metaphysics 44 (4):849-851.
    For much the greater part of Western history, moral and political thinking took fundamental guidance from "natural law," a standard of justice and human flourishing resting ambiguously on the dual foundation of the rational knowledge of human nature and the revelation of divine will. Modern politics and philosophy, by contrast, may be said to have emerged through the rise of a doctrine of "natural rights," which rested ambiguously on the rejection and the transformation of natural law. In the present "postmodern (...)
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