Results for 'Artificial intelligence Philosophy'

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  1. Philosophy and Theory of Artificial Intelligence, 3–4 October (Report on PT-AI 2011).Vincent C. Müller - 2011 - The Reasoner 5 (11):192-193.
    Report for "The Reasoner" on the conference "Philosophy and Theory of Artificial Intelligence", 3 & 4 October 2011, Thessaloniki, Anatolia College/ACT, http://www.pt-ai.org. --- Organization: Vincent C. Müller, Professor of Philosophy at ACT & James Martin Fellow, Oxford http://www.sophia.de --- Sponsors: EUCogII, Oxford-FutureTech, AAAI, ACM-SIGART, IACAP, ECCAI.
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  2. Introduction: Philosophy and Theory of Artificial Intelligence.Vincent C. Müller - 2012 - Minds and Machines 22 (2):67-69.
    The theory and philosophy of artificial intelligence has come to a crucial point where the agenda for the forthcoming years is in the air. This special volume of Minds and Machines presents leading invited papers from a conference on the “Philosophy and Theory of Artificial Intelligence” that was held in October 2011 in Thessaloniki. Artificial Intelligence is perhaps unique among engineering subjects in that it has raised very basic questions about the nature (...)
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    Historical Dictionary of Quotations in Cognitive Science: A Treasury of Quotations in Psychology, Philosophy, and Artificial Intelligence.Morton Wagman (ed.) - 2000 - Greenwood Press.
    Focuses on distinguished quotations representing the best thinking in philosophy, psychology, and artificial intelligence from classical civilization to ...
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  4. The Philosophy of Artificial Intelligence.Margaret A. Boden (ed.) - 1990 - Oxford University Press.
    This interdisciplinary collection of classical and contemporary readings provides a clear and comprehensive guide to the many hotly-debated philosophical issues at the heart of artificial intelligence.
     
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  5.  77
    Philosophy of Artificial Intelligence: A Critique of the Mechanistic Theory of Mind.Rajakishore Nath - 2009 - Universal Publishers.
    This book deals with the major philosophical issues in the theoretical framework of Artificial Intelligence (AI) in particular and cognitive science in general.
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  6. Philosophy and Theory of Artificial Intelligence.Vincent C. Müller (ed.) - 2011 - Springer.
    Can we make machines that think and act like humans or other natural intelligent agents? The answer to this question depends on how we see ourselves and how we see the machines in question. Classical AI and cognitive science had claimed that cognition is computation, and can thus be reproduced on other computing machines, possibly surpassing the abilities of human intelligence. This consensus has now come under threat and the agenda for the philosophy and theory of AI must (...)
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  7. A Framework for the Foundation of the Philosophy of Artificial Intelligence.Viola Schiaffonati - 2003 - Minds and Machines 13 (4):537-552.
    The peculiarity of the relationship between philosophy and Artificial Intelligence (AI) has been evidenced since the advent of AI. This paper aims to put the basis of an extended and well founded philosophy of AI: it delineates a multi-layered general framework to which different contributions in the field may be traced back. The core point is to underline how in the same scenario both the role of philosophy on AI and role of AI on (...) must be considered. Moreover, this framework is revised and extended in the light of the consideration of a type of multiagent system devoted to afford the issue of scientific discovery both from a conceptual and from a practical point of view. (shrink)
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  8. Philosophy and Artificial Intelligence.Todd C. Moody - 1993 - Prentice-Hall.
  9.  17
    Logic, Action, and Information: Essays on Logic in Philosophy and Artificial Intelligence.A. Fuhrmann & Hans Rott (eds.) - 1996 - W. De Gruyter.
    Janusz Czelakowski Elements of Formal Action Theory 1. Elementary Action Systems 1.1 Introductory Remarks. In contemporary literature one may distinguish ...
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  10. After Leibniz ...: Discussions on Philosophy and Artificial Intelligence.D. Bruce Anderson (ed.) - 1974 - Available From the National Technical Information Service.
     
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  11. Systems Theory and Scientific Philosophy: An Application of the Cybernetics of W. Ross Ashby to Personal and Social Philosophy, the Philosophy of Mind, and the Problems of Artificial Intelligence.John Bryant - 1991 - Upa.
    Systems Theory and Scientific Philosophy constitutes a totally new approach to philosophy, the philosophy of mind and the problems of artificial intelligence, and is based upon the pioneering work in cybernetics of W. Ross Ashby. While science is humanity's attempt to know how the world works and philosophy its attempt to know why, scientific philosophy is the application of scientific techniques to questions of philosophy.
     
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  12.  33
    Philosophy and Distributed Artificial Intelligence: The Case of Joint Intention.Raimo Tuomela - 1996 - In N. Jennings & G. O'Hare (eds.), Foundations of Distributed Artificial Intelligence. Wiley.
    In current philosophical research the term 'philosophy of social action' can be used - and has been used - in a broad sense to encompass the following central research topics: 1) action occurring in a social context; this includes multi-agent action; 2) joint attitudes (or "we-attitudes" such as joint intention, mutual belief) and other social attitudes needed for the explication and explanation of social action; 3) social macro-notions, such as actions performed by social groups and properties of social groups (...)
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  13. Philosophy of Artificial Intelligence: A Course Outline.William J. Rapaport - 1986 - Teaching Philosophy 9 (2):103-120.
    In the Fall of 1983, I offered a junior/senior-level course in Philosophy of Artificial Intelligence, in the Department of Philosophy at SUNY Fredonia, after returning there from a year’s leave to study and do research in computer science and artificial intelligence (AI) at SUNY Buffalo. Of the 30 students enrolled, most were computerscience majors, about a third had no computer background, and only a handful had studied any philosophy. (I might note that enrollments (...)
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  14.  18
    Rationality in Philosophy and Artificial Intelligence.John L. Pollock - 2000 - In The Proceedings of the Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy. Charlottesville: Philosophy Doc Ctr. pp. 123-132.
    I argue here that sophisticated AI systems, with the exception of those aimed at the psychological modeling of human cognition, must be based on general philosophical theories of rationality and, conversely, philosophical theories of rationality should be tested by implementing them in AI systems. So the philosophy and the AI go hand in hand. I compare human and generic rationality within a broad philosophy of AI and conclude by suggesting that ultimately, virtually all familiar philosophical problems will turn (...)
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  15.  17
    Artificial Intelligence, Psychology, and the Philosophy of Discovery.Paul Thagard - 1982 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1982:166 - 175.
    Buchanan and Darden have provided compelling reasons why philosophers of science concerned with the nature of scientific discovery should be aware of current work in artificial intelligence. This paper contends that artificial intelligence is even more than a source of useful analogies for the philosophy of discovery: the two fields are linked by interfield connections between philosophy of science and cognitive psychology and between cognitive psychology and artificial intelligence. Because the philosophy (...)
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  16.  48
    Mind Design II: Philosophy, Psychology, Artificial Intelligence.John Haugeland (ed.) - 1997 - Cambridge: MIT Press.
    Contributors: Rodney A. Brooks, Paul M. Churchland, Andy Clark, Daniel C. Dennett, Hubert L. Dreyfus, Jerry A. Fodor, Joseph Garon, John Haugeland, Marvin...
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  17.  7
    Rethinking Machines: Artificial Intelligence Beyond the Philosophy of Mind.Daniel Estrada - unknown
    Recent philosophy of mind has increasingly focused on the role of technology in shaping, influencing, and extending our mental faculties. Technology extends the mind in two basic ways: through the creative design of artifacts and the purposive use of instruments. If the meaningful activity of technological artifacts were exhaustively described in these mind-dependent terms, then a philosophy of technology would depend entirely on our theory of mind. In this dissertation, I argue that a mind-dependent approach to technology is (...)
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  18. Philosophy and Artificial Intelligence.John L. Pollock - 1990 - Philosophical Perspectives 4:461-498.
  19.  23
    Book Review -- John Haugeland (Editor), Mind Design II: Philosophy, Psychology, and Artificial Intelligence[REVIEW]Varol Akman - 1998 - Philosophical Explorations.
    This is a review of Mind Design II: Philosophy, Psychology, and Artificial Intelligence, edited by John Haugeland, published by MIT Press in 1997.
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    Dictionary of Cognitive Science: Neuroscience, Psychology, Artificial Intelligence, Linguistics, and Philosophy.Olivier Houdé (ed.) - 2004 - Psychology Press.
    A translation of the renowned French reference book, Vocabulaire de sciences cognitives , the Dictionary of Cognitive Science presents comprehensive definitions of more than 120 terms. The editor and advisory board of specialists have brought together 60 internationally recognized scholars to give the reader a comprehensive understanding of the most current and dynamic thinking in cognitive science. Topics range from Abduction to Writing, and each entry covers its subject from as many perspectives as possible within the domains of psychology, (...) intelligence, neuroscience, philosophy, and linguistics. This multidisciplinary work is an invaluable resource for all collections. (shrink)
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  21. Trends in Legal Knowledge: The Semantic Web and the Regulation of Electronic Social Systems: Papers From the B-4 Workshop on Artificial Intelligence and Law, May 25th- 27th 2005: Xxii World Congress of Philosophy Ivr '05 Granada, May 24th-29th 2005. [REVIEW]Pompeu Casanovas Romeu (ed.) - 2007 - European Press Academic.
  22. Philosophy, Language, and Artificial Intelligence Resources for Processing Natural Language.Jack Kulas, James H. Fetzer & Terry L. Rankin - 1988
     
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  23. Against the Global Replacement: On the Application of the Philosophy of Artificial Intelligence to Artificial Life.Brian L. Keeley - 1994 - In C. G. Langton (ed.), Artificial Life Iii: Proceedings of the Workshop on Artificial Life. Reading, Mass: Addison-Wesley.
    This paper is a complement to the recent wealth of literature suggesting a strong philosophical relationship between artificial life (A-Life) and artificial intelligence (AI). I seek to point out where this analogy seems to break down, or where it would lead us to draw incorrect conclusions about the philosophical situation of A-Life. First, I sketch a thought experiment (based on the work of Tom Ray) that suggests how a certain subset of A-Life experiments should be evaluated. In (...)
     
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  24.  86
    AIonAI: A Humanitarian Law of Artificial Intelligence and Robotics.Hutan Ashrafian - 2015 - Science and Engineering Ethics 21 (1):29-40.
    The enduring progression of artificial intelligence and cybernetics offers an ever-closer possibility of rational and sentient robots. The ethics and morals deriving from this technological prospect have been considered in the philosophy of artificial intelligence, the design of automatons with roboethics and the contemplation of machine ethics through the concept of artificial moral agents. Across these categories, the robotics laws first proposed by Isaac Asimov in the twentieth century remain well-recognised and esteemed due to (...)
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  25. Philosophy and Artificial Intelligence.Martin Ringle - 1979 - In Philosophical Perspectives in Artificial Intelligence. Humanities Press.
  26.  2
    Rationality in Philosophy and Artificial Intelligence.L. Pollock John - 2000 - The Proceedings of the Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy 9:123-132.
    I argue here that sophisticated AI systems, with the exception of those aimed at the psychological modeling of human cognition, must be based on general philosophical theories of rationality and, conversely, philosophical theories of rationality should be tested by implementing them in AI systems. So the philosophy and the AI go hand in hand. I compare human and generic rationality within a broad philosophy of AI and conclude by suggesting that ultimately, virtually all familiar philosophical problems will turn (...)
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    Artificial Intelligence and Philosophy.John McCarthy - manuscript
    AI needs many ideas that have hitherto been studied only by philosophers. This is because a robot, if it is to have human level intelligence and ability to learn from its experience, needs a general world view in which to organize facts. It turns out that many philosophical problems take new forms when thought about in terms of how to design a robot. Some approaches to philosophy are helpful and others are not.
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  28. Fundamental Issues of Artificial Intelligence.Vincent C. Müller (ed.) - 2016 - Springer.
    PT-AI 2013: This volume offers a look at the fundamental issues of present and future AI, especially from cognitive science, computer science, neuroscience and philosophy. This work examines the conditions for artificial intelligence, how these relate to the conditions for intelligence in humans and other natural agents, as well as ethical and societal problems that artificial intelligence raises or will raise. The key issues this volume investigates include the relation of AI and cognitive science, (...)
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  29. Clark Glymour, Richard Scheines, Peter Spirtes and Kevin Kelly, Discovering Causal Structure: Artificial Intelligence, Philosophy of Science and Statistical Modelling Reviewed By.Mike Oaksford - 1990 - Philosophy in Review 10 (1):19-21.
     
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  30. Philosophy and Cybernetics Essays Delivered to the Philosophic Institute for Artificial Intelligence at the University of Notre Dame.Frederick James Crosson & Kenneth M. Sayre - 1968 - Simon &Schuster.
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  31.  28
    Witness Testimony Evidence: Argumentation, Artificial Intelligence, and Law.Douglas N. Walton - 2008 - Cambridge University Press.
    Recent work in artificial intelligence has increasingly turned to argumentation as a rich, interdisciplinary area of research that can provide new methods related to evidence and reasoning in the area of law. Douglas Walton provides an introduction to basic concepts, tools and methods in argumentation theory and artificial intelligence as applied to the analysis and evaluation of witness testimony. He shows how witness testimony is by its nature inherently fallible and sometimes subject to disastrous failures. At (...)
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  32.  15
    Recognition: A Study in the Philosophy of Artificial Intelligence.Alan Ross Anderson & Kenneth M. Sayre - 1965 - Philosophical Quarterly 16 (65):387.
  33.  29
    Artificial Intelligence and Philosophy of Science: Reasoning by Analogy in Theory Construction.Lindley Darden - 1982 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1982:147 - 165.
    This paper examines the hypothesis that analogies may play a role in the generation of new ideas that are built into new explanatory theories. Methods of theory construction by analogy, by failed analogy, and by modular components from several analogies are discussed. Two different analyses of analogy are contrasted: direct mapping (Mary Hesse) and shared abstraction (Michael Genesereth). The structure of Charles Darwin's theory of natural selection shows various analogical relations. Finally, an "abstraction for selection theories" is shown to be (...)
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  34.  16
    Theorizing Change in Artificial Intelligence: Inductivising Philosophy From Economic Cognition Processes. [REVIEW]Debasis Patnaik - 2015 - AI and Society 30 (2):173-181.
    Economic value additions to knowledge and demand provide practical, embedded and extensible meaning to philosophizing cognitive systems. Evaluation of a cognitive system is an empirical matter. Thinking of science in terms of distributed cognition (interactionism) enlarges the domain of cognition. Anything that actually contributes to the specific quality of output of a cognitive system is part of the system in time and/or space. Cognitive science studies behaviour and knowledge structures of experts and categorized structures based on underlying structures. Knowledge representation (...)
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    Review. Artificial Intelligence and Scientific Method. Donald Gillies. Philosophy and AI: Essays at the Interface. Robert Cummins, John Pollock (Eds). [REVIEW]J. Preston - 1997 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 48 (4):610-612.
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  36. Margaret A Boden, Ed., The Philosophy of Artificial Intelligence Reviewed By.Don Ross - 1991 - Philosophy in Review 11 (4):225-230.
     
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  37. Philosophy and Artificial Intelligence in Canada.John Baker - unknown - Eidos: The Canadian Graduate Journal of Philosophy 12.
     
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  38. Minnesota Center for the Philosophy of Science Although the Last International Conference on Cybernetics Was Held in 1955, the Ensuing Blitzkrieg of Articles and Books in the Overlapping Areas of Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Computer Simu.Keith Gunderson - 1968 - In Raymond Klibansky (ed.), Contemporary Philosophy. Firenze, la Nuova Italia. pp. 2--416.
  39. Information, Artificial, Intelligence, and the Praxical in Philosophy and Technology II. Information Technology and Computers in Theory and Practice.J. Margolis - 1986 - Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science 90:171-186.
     
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  40. Margaret A Boden, Ed., The Philosophy of Artificial Intelligence[REVIEW]Don Ross - 1991 - Philosophy in Review 11:225-230.
     
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  41. Recognition: A Study in the Philosophy of Artificial Intelligence.Kenneth M. Sayre - 1966 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 17 (2):165-167.
     
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  42. Cognitive Science and the Mind-Body Problem: From Philosophy to Psychology to Artificial Intelligence to Imaging of the Brain.Morton Wagman - 1998 - Praeger.
  43.  2
    Recognition: A Study in the Philosophy of Artificial Intelligence[REVIEW]M. P. - 1965 - Review of Metaphysics 19 (1):158-158.
  44.  3
    Mysticism as a Philosophy of Artificial Intelligence.Martin Ringle - 1980 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3 (3):444.
  45.  6
    Minds and Computers: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Artificial Intelligence. By Matt Carter.Guy Lancaster - 2009 - Heythrop Journal 50 (3):565-565.
  46. Recognition: A Study in the Philosophy of Artificial Intelligence[REVIEW]Patrick Bastable - 1966 - Philosophical Studies 15:330-331.
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  47. The Philosophy of Artificial Intelligence, « Oxford Readings in philosophy ».Margaret Boden - 1992 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 182 (1):94-95.
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  48. The Essential Turing: Seminal Writings in Computing, Logic, Philosophy, Artificial Intelligence, and Artificial Life: Plus the Secrets of Enigma.Jack Copeland (ed.) - 2004 - Oxford University Press.
  49. Recognition: A Study in the Philosophy of Artificial Intelligence[REVIEW]Charles R. Dechert - 1967 - New Scholasticism 41 (1):123-126.
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  50. Philosophy of Artificial Intelligence.Eric Dietrich - 2002 - In Lynn Nadel (ed.), The Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science. Macmillan. pp. 203--208.
     
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