Results for 'Arun L. W. Bokde'

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  1.  2
    The Role of Empathy in Alcohol Use of Bullying Perpetrators and Victims: Lower Personal Empathic Distress Makes Male Perpetrators of Bullying More Vulnerable to Alcohol Use.Maren Prignitz, Tobias Banaschewski, Arun L. W. Bokde, Sylvane Desrivières, Antoine Grigis, Hugh Garavan, Penny Gowland, Andreas Heinz, Jean-Luc Martinot, Marie-Laure Paillère Martinot, Eric Artiges, Dimitri Papadopoulos Orfanos, Luise Poustka, Sarah Hohmann, Juliane H. Fröhner, Lauren Robinson, Michael N. Smolka, Henrik Walter, Jeanne M. Winterer, Robert Whelan, Gunter Schumann, Frauke Nees, Herta Flor & on Behalf of the Imagen Consortium - 2023 - International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 20 (13):6286.
    Bullying often results in negative coping in victims, including an increased consumption of alcohol. Recently, however, an increase in alcohol use has also been reported among perpetrators of bullying. The factors triggering this pattern are still unclear. We investigated the role of empathy in the interaction between bullying and alcohol use in an adolescent sample (IMAGEN) at age 13.97 (±0.53) years (baseline (BL), N = 2165, 50.9% female) and age 16.51 (±0.61) years (follow-up 1 (FU1), N = 1185, 54.9% female). (...)
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  2.  10
    The interaction of child abuse and rs1360780 of the FKBP5 gene is associated with amygdala resting-state functional connectivity in young adults.Christiane Wesarg, Ilya M. Veer, Nicole Y. L. Oei, Laura S. Daedelow, Tristram A. Lett, Tobias Banaschewski, Gareth J. Barker, Arun L. W. Bokde, Erin Burke Quinlan, Sylvane Desrivières, Herta Flor, Antoine Grigis, Hugh Garavan, Rüdiger Brühl, Jean-Luc Martinot, Eric Artiges, Frauke Nees, Dimitri Papadopoulos Orfanos, Luise Poustka, Sarah Hohmann, Juliane H. Fröhner, Michael N. Smolka, Robert Whelan, Gunter Schumann, Andreas Heinz & Henrik Walter - 2021 - Human Brain Mapping 42 (10):3269-3281.
    Extensive research has demonstrated that rs1360780, a common single nucleotide polymorphism within the FKBP5 gene, interacts with early-life stress in predicting psychopathology. Previous results suggest that carriers of the TT genotype of rs1360780 who were exposed to child abuse show differences in structure and functional activation of emotion-processing brain areas belonging to the salience network. Extending these findings on intermediate phenotypes of psychopathology, we examined if the interaction between rs1360780 and child abuse predicts resting-state functional connectivity (rsFC) between the amygdala (...)
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  3. Two Theories of the Good: L. W. SUMNER.L. W. Sumner - 1992 - Social Philosophy and Policy 9 (2):1-14.
    Suppose that the ultimate point of ethics is to make the world a better place. If it is, we must face the question: better in what respect? If the good is prior to the right — that is, if the rationale for all requirements of the right is that they serve to further the good in one way or another — then what is this good? Is there a single fundamental value capable of underlying and unifying all of our moral (...)
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  4.  23
    Positive Sexism*: L. W. SUMINER.L. W. Sumner - 1987 - Social Philosophy and Policy 5 (1):204-222.
    No one who cares about equal opportunity can derive much comfort from the present occupational distribution of working women. In the various industrial societies of the West, women comprise between one quarter and one-half of the national labor force. However, they tend to clustered in employment sectors – especially clerical, sales, and service J occupations – which rank relatively low in remuneration, status, autonomy, and other perquisites. Meanwhile, the more prestigious and rewarding managerial and professional positions, as well as the (...)
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  5.  83
    Is Virtue Its Own Reward?: L. W. SUMNER.L. W. Sumner - 1998 - Social Philosophy and Policy 15 (1):18-36.
    If I lead a life of virtue, that may well be good for you. But will it also be good for me? The idea that it will—or even must—is an ancient one, and its appeal runs deep. For if this idea is correct then we can provide everyone with a good reason—arguably the best reason—for being virtuous. However, for all the effort which has been invested in defending the idea, by some of the best minds in the history of philosophy, (...)
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  6. Welfare, happiness, and ethics.L. W. Sumner - 1996 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    Moral philosophers agree that welfare matters. But they disagree about what it is, or how much it matters. In this vital new work, Wayne Sumner presents an original theory of welfare, investigating its nature and discussing its importance. He considers and rejects all notable theories of welfare, both objective and subjective, including hedonism and theories founded on desire or preference. His own theory connects welfare closely with happiness or life satisfaction. Reacting against the value pluralism that currently dominates moral philosophy, (...)
  7. The Moral Foundation of Rights.L. W. Sumner - 1989 - Philosophy 64 (247):120-122.
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  8. A Commentary on Kant's Critique of Practical Reason.L. W. BECK - 1960 - Les Etudes Philosophiques 19 (3):438-439.
     
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  9. Assisted death: a study in ethics and law.L. W. Sumner - 2011 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    In this timely book L.W. Sumner addresses these issues within the wider context of palliative care for patients in the dying process.
  10. The moral foundation of rights.L. W. Sumner - 1987 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    What does it mean for someone to have a moral right to something? What kinds of creatures can have rights, and which rights can they have? While rights are indispensable to our moral and political thinking, they are also mysterious and controversial; as long as these controversies remain unsolved, rights will remain vulnerable to skepticism. Here, Sumner constructs both a coherent concept of a moral right and a workable substantive theory of rights to provide the moral foundation necessary to dispel (...)
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  11. Simon L. Altmann, Is Nature Supernatural? A Philosophical Exploration of Science and Nature Reviewed by.L. W. Colter - 2003 - Philosophy in Review 23 (2):79-81.
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  12. Abortion and Moral Theory.L. W. Sumner - 1983 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 45 (4):670-671.
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  13.  32
    Interests and Rights: The Case Against Animals.L. W. Sumner - 1983 - Philosophical Review 92 (3):447.
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  14.  56
    The Case for Animal Rights.L. W. Sumner - 1986 - Noûs 20 (3):425-434.
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  15. Uhlfelder, M. L., De Proprietate Sermonum vel Rerum: A Study and Critical Edition of a Set of Verbal Distinctions.L. W. Jones - 1955 - Classical Weekly 49:195.
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  16.  34
    An experimental study of reflex and voluntary eyelid responses.L. W. Allison - 1932 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 15 (1):56.
  17. The subjectivity of welfare.L. W. Sumner - 1995 - Ethics 105 (4):764-790.
  18.  19
    Institutional refusal to offer assisted dying: A response to Shadd and Shadd.L. W. Sumner - 2019 - Bioethics 33 (8):970-972.
    Ever since medical assistance in dying (MAID) became legal in Canada in 2016, controversy has enveloped the refusal by many faith‐based institutions to allow this service on their premises. In a recent article in this journal, Philip and Joshua Shadd have proposed ‘changing the conversation’ on this issue, reframing it as an exercise not of conscience but of an institutional right of self‐governance. This reframing, they claim, will serve to show how health‐care institutions may be justified in refusing to provide (...)
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  19.  8
    The Hateful and the Obscene: Studies in the Limits of Free Expression.L. W. Sumner - 2004 - University of Toronto Press.
  20. Criminalizing expression : hate speech and obscenity.L. W. Sumner - 2011 - In John Deigh & David Dolinko (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of the Philosophy of the Criminal Law. Oxford University Press.
     
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  21.  72
    A matter of life and death.L. W. Sumner - 1976 - Noûs 10 (2):145-171.
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  22. Psychische Prasenzzeit.L. W. Stern - 1897 - Philosophical Review 6:668.
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  23. Classical utilitarianism and the population optimum.L. W. Sumner - 1978 - In Richard I. Sikora & Brian M. Barry (eds.), Obligations to Future Generations. White Horse Press. pp. 91--111.
     
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  24.  15
    J. L. Austin.L. W. Forguson - 1979 - Philosophical Books 20 (3):117-119.
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  25.  25
    The importance of listening to medical students' experiences when teaching them medical ethics.L. W. Osborne & C. M. Martin - 1989 - Journal of Medical Ethics 15 (1):35-38.
    This paper describes the change of emphasis that occurred in the teaching of ethics to small groups of clinical students. Although the original focus of the course was on the analysis of ethical dilemmas associated with individual patients known to the students, it soon became evident that there were, for the students themselves, more fundamental ethical dilemmas in their new role as clinical students. These included worries about how to respond when patients asked questions which their consultants had previously deceived (...)
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  26. Equity against truth: Value choices in deceptive investigations.L. W. Sherman - 1985 - In William C. Heffernan & Timothy Stroup (eds.), Police Ethics: Hard Choices in Law Enforcement. J. Jay Press. pp. 117--133.
     
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  27.  25
    Tarski and geometry.L. W. Szczerba - 1986 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 51 (4):907-912.
  28. DS Shwayder, Statement and Reference: An Inquiry into the Foundations of Our Conceptual Order Reviewed by.L. W. Colter - 1994 - Philosophy in Review 14 (2):139-141.
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  29. Journals and New Books.L. W. Cole - 1908 - Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 5 (13):363.
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  30. Robert J. Stainton, Philosophical Perspectives on Language Reviewed by.L. W. Colter - 1996 - Philosophy in Review 16 (5):376-378.
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  31. Advance Requests for Medically-Assisted Dying.L. W. Sumner - manuscript
    When medical assistance in dying (MAiD) was legalized in Canada in June 2016, the question of allowing decisionally capable persons to make advance requests in anticipation of later incapacity was reserved for further consideration during the mandatory parliamentary review originally scheduled to begin in June 2020 (but since delayed by COVID-19). In its current form the legislation does not permit such requests, since it stipulates that at the time at which the procedure is to be administered the patient must give (...)
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  32. University Governance and Campus Speech.L. W. Sumner - manuscript
    Hate speech, understood broadly, is any form of expression intended to arouse hatred or contempt toward members of a particular social group. When university administrators have reason to believe that a planned speaking event on campus may feature hate speech (at least in the eyes of some), how should they respond? In this paper I address this question as it arises for Canadian universities. I argue that, where the regulation of campus speech is concerned, the right course of action for (...)
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  33. The Electromagnetic Tools of the Creator and Created Co-creator.L. W. Fagg - 2004 - Synthesis Philosophica 19 (1):239-244.
     
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  34.  31
    More light on the later mill.L. W. Sumner - 1974 - Philosophical Review 83 (4):504-527.
  35. Normative ethics and metaethics.L. W. Sumner - 1967 - Ethics 77 (2):95-106.
  36. Das Faktum der Vernunft.L. W. Beck - 1960 - Société Française de Philosophie, Bulletin 52:271.
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  37.  71
    Liars, Medicine, and Compassion.L. W. Ekstrom - 2012 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 37 (2):159-180.
    This paper defends an account of compassion and argues for the centrality of compassion to the proper practice of medicine. The argument proceeds by showing that failures of compassion can lead to poor medical treatment and disastrous outcomes. Several case studies are discussed, exemplifying the difference between compassionate and noncompassionate responses to patients seeking help. Arguments are offered in support of approaching reports of persistent pain with a trusting attitude, rather than distrust or skepticism. The article concludes by suggesting educational (...)
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  38.  16
    Philosophical Perspectives on Bioethics.L. W. Sumner & Joseph M. Boyle (eds.) - 1996 - University of Toronto Press.
    How are we to understand the role of bioethics in the health care system, government, and academe? This collection of original essays raises these and other questions about the nature of bioethics as a discipline.
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  39. What do we know about the aging of cognitive abilities in everyday life.L. W. Poon - 1989 - In L. Poon, David C. Rubin & B. Wilson (eds.), Everyday Cognition in Adulthood and Late Life. Cambridge University Press. pp. 129--132.
     
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  40.  18
    Diffusion of gold in sodium.L. W. Barr, J. N. Mundy & F. A. Smith - 1966 - Philosophical Magazine 14 (132):1299-1301.
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  41. Utility and Capability.L. W. Sumner - 2006 - Utilitas 18 (1):1-19.
    When Amartya Sen defends his capability theory of well-being he contrasts it with the utility theory advocated by the classical utilitarians, including John Stuart Mill. Yet a closer examination of the two theories reveals that they are much more similar than they appear. Each theory can be interpreted in either a subjective or an objective way. When both are interpreted subjectively the differences between them are slight, and likewise for the objective interpretations. Finally, whatever differences may remain are less important (...)
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  42. Moderate views of abortion.L. W. Sumner - 1997 - Advances in Bioethics 2:203.
  43. Abortion and Morality.L. W. SUMNER - 1981
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  44. Die Wahrnehmung von Helligkeitsveranderungen.L. W. Stern - 1895 - Philosophical Review 4:97.
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  45. Die Wahrnehmung von Tonveranderung.L. W. Stern - 1900 - Philosophical Review 9:215.
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  46. Die Wahrnemung von Bewegungen vermittelst des Augen.L. W. Stern - 1895 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 3 (3):4-4.
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  47. Ein Beitrag zur differentiellen Psychologie des Urtheilens.L. W. Stern - 1900 - Philosophical Review 9:215.
     
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  48. Wahrnehmung von Bewegungen vermittelst des Auges.L. W. Stern - 1895 - Philosophical Review 4:96.
     
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  49.  12
    A Response to Morris.L. W. Sumner - 1986 - Bowling Green Studies in Applied Philosophy 8:22-23.
  50. CL Ten, Mill on Liberty Reviewed by.L. W. Sumner - 1981 - Philosophy in Review 1 (5):229-232.
     
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