Results for 'Atsushi Mizunaga'

142 found
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  1.  33
    A Study of Self-Awareness in Robots.Toshiyuki Takiguchi, Atsushi Mizunaga & Junichi Takeno - 2013 - International Journal of Machine Consciousness 5 (2):145-164.
    The present paper studies self-awareness and introduces some self-awareness related incidents. It then describes the relationship between self-awareness and consciousness and explains the MoNAD, a neural network circuit developed by the authors that capably describes the phenomena of self-awareness and consciousness. A model of self-awareness is then presented. This self-awareness model is a parallel network system in which multiple independent MoNADs communicate with one another. In experiments with robots, three test robots were used: (1) a self-image robot reflected in a (...)
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  2. Should We Maintain Baby Hatches in Our Society?Asai Atsushi & Ishimoto Hiroko - 2013 - BMC Medical Ethics 14 (1):1-7.
    Background A baby hatch called the “Stork’s Cradle” has been in place at Jikei Hospital in Kumamoto City, Japan, since May 10, 2007. Babyklappes were first established in Germany in 2000, and there are currently more than 90 locations. Attitudes regarding baby hatches are divided in Japan and neither opinions for nor against baby hatches have thus far been overwhelming. To consider the appropriateness of baby hatches, we present and examine the validity of each major objection to establishing baby hatches. (...)
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  3.  26
    Attitudes of the Japanese Public and Doctors Towards Use of Archived Information and Samples Without Informed Consent: Preliminary Findings Based on Focus Group Interviews. [REVIEW]Fukuhara Shunichi, Sekimoto Miho, Nishigaki Etsuyo, Ohnishi Motoki, Asai Atsushi & Fukui Tsuguya - 2002 - BMC Medical Ethics 3 (1):1-10.
    Background The purpose of this study is to explore laypersons' attitudes toward the use of archived (existing) materials such as medical records and biological samples and to compare them with the attitudes of physicians who are involved in medical research. Methods Three focus group interviews were conducted, in which seven Japanese male members of the general public, seven female members of the general public and seven physicians participated. Results It was revealed that the lay public expressed diverse attitudes towards the (...)
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  4. Commentary by Atsushi Asai & Takuro Shimbo.Atsushi Asai & Takuro Shimbo - 1998 - Eubios Journal of Asian and International Bioethics 8 (4):106-106.
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  5. Commentary by Atsushi Asai.Atsushi Asai - 2002 - Eubios Journal of Asian and International Bioethics 12 (1):23-24.
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  6. Commentary By Atsushi Asai.Atsushi Asai - 1997 - Eubios Journal of Asian and International Bioethics 7 (4):107-107.
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  7.  2
    Atsushi Akera. Calculating a Natural World: Scientists, Engineers, and Computers During the Rise of U.S. Cold War Research. Ix + 427 Pp., Illus., Bibl., Index. Cambridge, Mass./London: MIT Press, 2007. $40. [REVIEW]Jon Agar - 2008 - Isis 99 (3):646-647.
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  8.  49
    Illusion of Sense of Self-Agency: Discrepancy Between the Predicted and Actual Sensory Consequences of Actions Modulates the Sense of Self-Agency, but Not the Sense of Self-Ownership.Atsushi Sato & Asako Yasuda - 2005 - Cognition 94 (3):241-255.
  9.  70
    Tools for the Body.Angelo Maravita & Atsushi Iriki - 2004 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 8 (2):79-86.
  10.  71
    The Eye Contact Effect: Mechanisms and Development.Atsushi Senju & Mark H. Johnson - 2009 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 13 (3):127-134.
  11.  19
    Both Motor Prediction and Conceptual Congruency Between Preview and Action-Effect Contribute to Explicit Judgment of Agency.Atsushi Sato - 2009 - Cognition 110 (1):74-83.
  12.  9
    Eye Contact Facilitates Awareness of Faces During Interocular Suppression.Timo Stein, Atsushi Senju, Marius V. Peelen & Philipp Sterzer - 2011 - Cognition 119 (2):307-311.
  13.  9
    The Influence of Goals on Sense of Control.Wen Wen, Atsushi Yamashita & Hajime Asama - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 37:83-90.
  14.  28
    Divided Attention and Processes Underlying Sense of Agency.Wen Wen, Atsushi Yamashita & Hajime Asama - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  15.  20
    Understanding the Referential Nature of Looking: Infants’ Preference for Object-Directed Gaze.Atsushi Senju, Gergely Csibra & Mark H. Johnson - 2008 - Cognition 108 (2):303-319.
  16.  12
    The Influence of Action-Outcome Delay and Arousal on Sense of Agency and the Intentional Binding Effect.Wen Wen, Atsushi Yamashita & Hajime Asama - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 36:87-95.
  17.  31
    Mirror Neurons Through the Lens of Epigenetics.Pier F. Ferrari, Antonella Tramacere, Elizabeth A. Simpson & Atsushi Iriki - 2013 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 17 (9):450-457.
  18.  68
    Arguments Against Promoting Organ Transplants From Brain-Dead Donors, and Views of Contemporary Japanese on Life and Death.Atsushi Asai, Yasuhiro Kadooka & Kuniko Aizawa - 2012 - Bioethics 26 (4):215-223.
    As of 2009, the number of donors in Japan is the lowest among developed countries. On July 13, 2009, Japan's Organ Transplant Law was revised for the first time in 12 years. The revised and old laws differ greatly on four primary points: the definition of death, age requirements for donors, requirements for brain- death determination and organ extraction, and the appropriateness of priority transplants for relatives.In the four months of deliberations in the National Diet before the new law was (...)
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  19.  64
    Experts' Attitudes Towards Medical Futility: An Empirical Survey From Japan. [REVIEW]Alireza Bagheri, Atsushi Asai & Ryuichi Ida - 2006 - BMC Medical Ethics 7 (1):1-7.
    BackgroundThe current debate about medical futility is mostly driven by theoretical and personal perspectives and there is a lack of empirical data to document experts and public attitudes towards medical futility.MethodsTo examine the attitudes of the Japanese experts in the fields relevant to medical futility a questionnaire survey was conducted among the members of the Japan Association for Bioethics. A total number of 108 questionnaires returned filled in, giving a response rate of 50.9%. Among the respondents 62% were healthcare professionals (...)
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  20.  24
    Voluntary Active Euthanasia and the Nurse: A Comparison of Japanese and Australian Nurses.Noritoshi Tanida, Atsushi Asai, Motoki Ohnishi, Shizuko K. Nagata, Tsuguya Fukui, Yasuji Yamazaki & Helga Kuhse - 2002 - Nursing Ethics 9 (3):313-322.
    Although euthanasia has been a pressing ethical and public issue, empirical data are lacking in Japan. We aimed to explore Japanese nurses’ attitudes to patients’ requests for euthanasia and to estimate the proportion of nurses who have taken active steps to hasten death. A postal survey was conducted between October and December 1999 among all nurse members of the Japanese Association of Palliative Medicine, using a self-administered questionnaire based on the one used in a previous survey with Australian nurses in (...)
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  21.  25
    Intersubjective Action-Effect Binding: Eye Contact Modulates Acquisition of Bidirectional Association Between Our and Others' Actions.Atsushi Sato & Shoji Itakura - 2013 - Cognition 127 (3):383-390.
  22.  28
    An Eye-Tracking Study of Exploitations of Spatial Constraints in Diagrammatic Reasoning.Atsushi Shimojima & Yasuhiro Katagiri - 2013 - Cognitive Science 37 (2):211-254.
    Semantic studies on diagrammatic notations (Barwise & Etchemendy, ; Shimojima, ; Stenning & Lemon, ) have revealed that the “non-deductive,” “emergent,” or “perceptual” effects of diagrams (Chandrasekaran, Kurup, Banerjee, Josephson, & Winkler, ; Kulpa, ; Larkin & Simon, ; Lindsay, ) are all rooted in the exploitation of spatial constraints on graphical structures. Thus, theoretically, this process is a key factor in inference with diagrams, explaining the frequently observed reduction of inferential load. The purpose of this study was to examine (...)
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  23.  36
    Can Physicians' Judgments of Futility Be Accepted by Patients?: A Comparative Survey of Japanese Physicians and Laypeople.Yasuhiro Kadooka, Atsushi Asai & Seiji Bito - 2012 - BMC Medical Ethics 13 (1):7.
    Back groundEmpirical surveys about medical futility are scarce relative to its theoretical assumptions. We aimed to evaluate the difference of attitudes between laypeople and physicians towards the issue.MethodsA questionnaire survey was designed. Japanese laypeople (via Internet) and physicians with various specialties (via paper-and-pencil questionnaire) were asked about whether they would provide potentially futile treatments for end-of-life patients in vignettes, important factors for judging a certain treatment futile, and threshold of quantitative futility which reflects the numerical probability that an act will (...)
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  24.  34
    Doctors' and Nurses' Attitudes Towards and Experiences of Voluntary Euthanasia: Survey of Members of the Japanese Association of Palliative Medicine.Atsushi Asai, Motoki Ohnishi, Shizuko K. Nagata, Noritoshi Tanida & Yasuji Yamazaki - 2001 - Journal of Medical Ethics 27 (5):324-330.
    Objective—To demonstrate Japanese doctors' and nurses' attitudes towards and practices of voluntary euthanasia (VE) and to compare their attitudes and practices in this regard. Design—Postal survey, conducted between October and December 1999, using a self-administered questionnaire.Participants—All doctor members and nurse members of the Japanese Association of Palliative Medicine.Main outcome measure—Doctors' and nurses' attitude towards and practices of VE.Results—We received 366 completed questionnaires from 642 doctors surveyed (response rate, 58%) and 145 from 217 nurses surveyed (68%). A total of 54% (95% (...)
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  25. Reexamination of the Ethics of Placebo Use in Clinical Practice.Atsushi Asai & Yasuhiro Kadooka - 2013 - Bioethics 27 (4):186-193.
    A placebo is a substance or intervention believed to be inactive, but is administered by the healthcare professional as if it was an active medication. Unlike standard treatments, clinical use of placebo usually involves deception and is therefore ethically problematic. Our attitudes toward the clinical use of placebo, which inevitably includes deception or withholding information, have a tremendous effect on our practice regarding truth-telling and informed consent. A casual attitude towards it weakens the current practice based on shared decision-making and (...)
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  26.  10
    The Associations Among the Dopamine D2 Receptor Taq1, Emotional Intelligence, Creative Potential Measured by Divergent Thinking, and Motivational State and These Associations' Sex Differences. [REVIEW]Hikaru Takeuchi, Hiroaki Tomita, Yasuyuki Taki, Yoshie Kikuchi, Chiaki Ono, Zhiqian Yu, Atsushi Sekiguchi, Rui Nouchi, Yuka Kotozaki, Seishu Nakagawa, Carlos M. Miyauchi, Kunio Iizuka, Ryoichi Yokoyama, Takamitsu Shinada, Yuki Yamamoto, Sugiko Hanawa, Tsuyoshi Araki, Hiroshi Hashizume, Keiko Kunitoki, Yuko Sassa & Ryuta Kawashima - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  27.  25
    The New Individualism and Contemporary Japan: Theoretical Avenues and the Japanese New Individualist Path.Anthony Elliott, Masataka Katagiri & Atsushi Sawai - 2012 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 42 (4):425-443.
    Recent social theory has identified various institutional forces operating at a global level promoting novel trends towards “individualization”, “reflexive self-identity” and “new individualism” (Beck and Beck-Gernsheim, 2001; Giddens, 1991, 1992; Elliott and Lemert, 2009, 2009a). This article develops an exploratory overview of the theory of new individualism with reference to Japanese sociologies of self specifically and contemporary Japanese society more generally. Detailing the large-scale societal shift in Japan from traditional forms of identity-construction (based on a citizenship model of social order) (...)
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  28.  17
    The Process of Whistleblowing in a Japanese Psychiatric Hospital.Kayoko Ohnishi, Yumiko Hayama, Atsushi Asai & Shinji Kosugi - 2008 - Nursing Ethics 15 (5):631-642.
    This study aims to unveil the process of whistleblowing. Two nursing staff members who worked in a psychiatric hospital convicted of large-scale wrongdoing were interviewed. Data were analyzed using a modified grounded theory approach. Analysis of the interviews demonstrated that they did not decide to whistleblow when they were suspicious or had an awareness of wrongdoing. They continued to work, driven by appreciation, affection, and a sense of duty. Their decision to whistleblow was ultimately motivated by firm conviction. Shortly after (...)
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  29. A Historical Survey of the Structural Changes in the American System of Engineering Education.Bruce Seely & Atsushi Akera - 2015 - In Byron Newberry, Carl Mitcham, Martin Meganck, Andrew Jamison, Christelle Didier & Steen Hyldgaard Christensen (eds.), International Perspectives on Engineering Education. Springer Verlag.
     
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  30.  9
    What Deserves Our Respect? Reexamination of Respect for Autonomy in the Context of the Management of Chronic Conditions.Aya Enzo, Taketoshi Okita & Atsushi Asai - forthcoming - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy.
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  31.  17
    Contemporary Issues Concerning Informed Consent in Japan Based on a Review of Court Decisions and Characteristics of Japanese Culture.Sakiko Masaki, Hiroko Ishimoto & Atsushi Asai - 2014 - BMC Medical Ethics 15 (1):8.
    Since Japan adopted the concept of informed consent from the West, its inappropriate acquisition from patients in the Japanese clinical setting has continued, due in part to cultural aspects. Here, we discuss the current status of and contemporary issues surrounding informed consent in Japan, and how these are influenced by Japanese culture.
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  32.  11
    Memory Effect on Adaptive Decision Making with a Chaotic Semiconductor Laser.Takatomo Mihana, Yuta Terashima, Makoto Naruse, Song-Ju Kim & Atsushi Uchida - 2018 - Complexity 2018:1-8.
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  33.  14
    Dissociative Experience and Mood-Dependent Memory.Noriaki Kanayama, Atsushi Sato & Hideki Ohira - 2008 - Cognition and Emotion 22 (5):881-896.
  34.  18
    Operational Constraints in Diagrammatic Reasoning.Atsushi Shimojima - 1996 - In Gerard Allwein & Jon Barwise (eds.), Logical Reasoning with Diagrams. Oxford University Press.
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  35.  4
    Eye Contact Does Not Facilitate Detection in Children with Autism.Atsushi Senju, Kiyoshi Yaguchi, Yoshikuni Tojo & Toshikazu Hasegawa - 2003 - Cognition 89 (1):B43-B51.
  36.  28
    Is Eye Contact the Key to the Social Brain?Atsushi Senju & Mark H. Johnson - 2010 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 33 (6):458-459.
    Eye contact plays a critical role in many aspects of face processing, including the processing of smiles. We propose that this is achieved by a subcortical route, which is activated by eye contact and modulates the cortical areas involve in social cognition, including the processing of facial expression. This mechanism could be impaired in individuals with autism spectrum disorders.
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  37.  21
    Focus Group Interviews Examining Attitudes Towards Medical Research Among the Japanese: A Qualitative Study.Atsushi Asai, Motoki Ohnishi, Etsuyo Nishigaki, Miho Sekimoto, Shunichi Fukuhara & Tsuguya Fukui - 2004 - Bioethics 18 (5):448–470.
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  38.  22
    Toward Computer-Supported Design for Non-Verbal Media.Haruhiro Katayose, Keiji Hirata, Kenzi Noike, Toshinobu Harada, Atsushi Kasao, Kazunori Miyata & Rumi Hiraga - 2005 - Transactions of the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence 20:129-138.
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  39.  14
    Dissociation of Conscious and Unconscious Repetition Priming Effect on Event-Related Potentials.Atsushi Matsumoto, Tetsuya Iidaka, Michio Nomura & Hideki Ohira - 2005 - Neuropsychologia 43 (8):1168-1176.
  40.  48
    Preference for Information and Dynamic Consistency.Simon Grant, Atsushi Kajii & Ben Polak - 2000 - Theory and Decision 48 (3):263-286.
    We provide necessary and sufficient conditions for a dynamically consistent agent always to prefer more informative signals (in single-agent problems). These conditions do not imply recursivity, reduction or independence. We provide a simple definition of dynamically consistent behavior, and we discuss whether an intrinsic information lover (say, an anxious person) is likely to be dynamically consistent.
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  41.  4
    A Critical Discussion of Arguments Against the Introduction of a Two-Tier Healthcare System in Japan.Atsushi Asai, Taketoshi Okita, Masahi Tanaka & Yasuhiro Kadooka - 2017 - Asian Bioethics Review 9 (3):171-181.
    In medical ethics, an appropriate national healthcare system that meets the requirements of justice in healthcare resource allocation is a major concern. Japan is no exception to this trend, and the pros and cons of introducing a two-tier healthcare system, which permits insured medical care services to be provided along with services not covered by social health insurance, have been the subject of debate for many years. The Supreme Court ruled in 2011 that it was valid for the government to (...)
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  42.  11
    Instance-Based Policy Learning by Real-Coded Genetic Algorithms and Its Application to Control of Nonholonomic Systems.Atsushi Miyamae, Jun Sakuma, Isao Ono & Shigenobu Kobayashi - 2009 - Transactions of the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence 24:104-115.
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  43.  6
    Optimal Tempo for Groove: Its Relation to Directions of Body Movement and Japanese Nori.Takahide Etani, Atsushi Marui, Satoshi Kawase & Peter E. Keller - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  44.  1
    Effect of Impurity Atoms on Α2/Γ Lamellar Interfacial Misfit in Ti–Al Alloy: A Systematic First Principles Study.Yuichiro Koizumi, Masato Yoshiya, Atsushi Sugihara & Yoritoshi Minamino - 2011 - Philosophical Magazine 91 (28):3685-3704.
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  45. Should Japan Abolish the Death Penalty? No Definite Answer Exists Yet.Sakiko Maki & Atsushi Asai - 2012 - Eubios Journal of Asian and International Bioethics 22 (1):27-32.
    How should the Japanese death penalty system stand in the future? While banning the death penalty has become a global trend, Japanese public opinion still supports it, and the government continues to strongly insist retention of the system. Despite worldwide criticism towards Japanese opinion, until very recently have been no reductions in death penalty sentences or executions. Both abolitionist and retentionist countries have strong arguments to support their opinions, thus there is no decisive argument that overwhelmingly refutes others. Consideration for (...)
     
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  46.  6
    Automated Extraction of Statistical Expressions From Text for Information Compilation.Tatsunori Mori, Atsushi Fujioka & Ichiro Murata - 2008 - Transactions of the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence 23:310-318.
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  47.  10
    The Ontology of Stories.Takada Atsushi - 2017 - Journal of the Japan Association for Philosophy of Science 44 (1-2):35-53.
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  48. Plotinus on Matter's Participation in the Forms.Atsushi Sumi - 2007 - Dionysius 25.
     
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  49.  13
    Enhanced Feedback-Related Negativity in Alzheimer’s Disease.Shuhei Yamaguchi, Eri Nitta, Keiichi Onoda, Fuminori Ishitobi, Ryota Okazaki, Seiji Mishima & Atsushi Nagai - 2017 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 11.
  50.  19
    Toward Contribution of Contents Design Support Technology to Public.Keiji Hirata, Haruhiro Katayose, Atsushi Kasao, Kazunori Miyata & Toshinobu Harada - 2006 - Transactions of the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence 21:215-218.
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