Results for 'Atsushi Sawai'

200 found
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  1.  42
    The New Individualism and Contemporary Japan: Theoretical Avenues and the Japanese New Individualist Path.Anthony Elliott, Masataka Katagiri & Atsushi Sawai - 2012 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 42 (4):425-443.
    Recent social theory has identified various institutional forces operating at a global level promoting novel trends towards “individualization”, “reflexive self-identity” and “new individualism” (Beck and Beck-Gernsheim, 2001; Giddens, 1991, 1992; Elliott and Lemert, 2009, 2009a). This article develops an exploratory overview of the theory of new individualism with reference to Japanese sociologies of self specifically and contemporary Japanese society more generally. Detailing the large-scale societal shift in Japan from traditional forms of identity-construction (based on a citizenship model of social order) (...)
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  2.  2
    Routledge Companion to Contemporary Japanese Social Theory: From Individualization to Globalization in Japan Today.Anthony Elliott, Masataka Katagiri & Atsushi Sawai (eds.) - 2013 - Routledge.
    The Routledge Companion to Contemporary Japanese Social Theory breaks new ground in providing a detailed, systematic appraisal of the major traditions of social theory prominent in Japan today – from theories of identity and individualization to globalization studies. The volume introduces readers to the rich diversity of social-theoretical critique in contemporary Japanese social theory. The editors have brought together some of the most influential Japanese social scientists to assess current trends in Japanese social theory, including Kazuhisa Nishihara, Aiko Kashimura, Masahiro (...)
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  3.  1
    Atsushi Koyanagi: Geschichte und Gemeinschaft bei Ernst Troeltsch.Atsushi Koyanagi - 2019 - Journal for the History of Modern Theology/Zeitschrift für Neuere Theologiegeschichte 26 (2):152-155.
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  4. Atsushi Koyanagi: Liberal Protestantism and Christian Studies at Kyoto University: A Case Study of Seiichi Hatano.Atsushi Koyanagi - 2020 - Journal for the History of Modern Theology/Zeitschrift für Neuere Theologiegeschichte 27 (1):4-11.
    Der Lehrstuhl für Christentumswissenschaft an der Kaiserlichen Universität Kyoto wurde 1922 als Stiftungslehrstuhl gegründet. Die Gründung der Christentumswissenschaft in Kyoto erfolgte in einer spezifischen bildungspolitischen Konstellation: Es ging um die spannungsreichen Beziehung zwischen staatlichen Hochschulen und den Religionsgemeinschaften sowie um die Ansprüche einer dezidiert nationalen Politik. Der erste Inhaber des Lehrstuhls war einer der prominentesten japanischen Ideenhistoriker und Philosophen, Seiichi Hatano. Für Hatano gab es keinen Unterschied zwischen Theologie und Christentumswissenschaft. Er wandte die historische Methode auf die Forschung zum frühen (...)
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  5.  66
    Illusion of Sense of Self-Agency: Discrepancy Between the Predicted and Actual Sensory Consequences of Actions Modulates the Sense of Self-Agency, but Not the Sense of Self-Ownership.Atsushi Sato & Asako Yasuda - 2005 - Cognition 94 (3):241-255.
  6.  31
    Both Motor Prediction and Conceptual Congruency Between Preview and Action-Effect Contribute to Explicit Judgment of Agency.Atsushi Sato - 2009 - Cognition 110 (1):74-83.
  7. Commentary by Atsushi Asai & Takuro Shimbo.Atsushi Asai & Takuro Shimbo - 1998 - Eubios Journal of Asian and International Bioethics 8 (4):106-106.
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  8. Commentary by Atsushi Asai.Atsushi Asai - 2002 - Eubios Journal of Asian and International Bioethics 12 (1):23-24.
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  9. Commentary By Atsushi Asai.Atsushi Asai - 1997 - Eubios Journal of Asian and International Bioethics 7 (4):107-107.
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  10. The Eye Contact Effect: Mechanisms and Development.Atsushi Senju & Mark H. Johnson - 2009 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 13 (3):127-134.
  11.  33
    Intersubjective Action-Effect Binding: Eye Contact Modulates Acquisition of Bidirectional Association Between Our and Others' Actions.Atsushi Sato & Shoji Itakura - 2013 - Cognition 127 (3):383-390.
  12.  35
    Understanding the Referential Nature of Looking: Infants’ Preference for Object-Directed Gaze.Atsushi Senju, Gergely Csibra & Mark H. Johnson - 2008 - Cognition 108 (2):303-319.
  13. Tools for the Body.Angelo Maravita & Atsushi Iriki - 2004 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 8 (2):79-86.
  14.  20
    Eye Contact Facilitates Awareness of Faces During Interocular Suppression.Timo Stein, Atsushi Senju, Marius V. Peelen & Philipp Sterzer - 2011 - Cognition 119 (2):307-311.
  15.  26
    Operational Constraints in Diagrammatic Reasoning.Atsushi Shimojima - 1996 - In Gerard Allwein & Jon Barwise (eds.), Logical Reasoning with Diagrams. Oxford University Press.
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  16.  1
    Finding Core for Coalition Structure Utilizing Dual Solution.Atsushi Iwasaki, Suguru Ueda, Naoyuki Hashimoto & Makoto Yokoo - 2015 - Artificial Intelligence 222:49-66.
  17. Should We Maintain Baby Hatches in Our Society?Asai Atsushi & Ishimoto Hiroko - 2013 - BMC Medical Ethics 14 (1):1-7.
    Background A baby hatch called the “Stork’s Cradle” has been in place at Jikei Hospital in Kumamoto City, Japan, since May 10, 2007. Babyklappes were first established in Germany in 2000, and there are currently more than 90 locations. Attitudes regarding baby hatches are divided in Japan and neither opinions for nor against baby hatches have thus far been overwhelming. To consider the appropriateness of baby hatches, we present and examine the validity of each major objection to establishing baby hatches. (...)
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  18.  18
    Instance-Based Policy Learning by Real-Coded Genetic Algorithms and Its Application to Control of Nonholonomic Systems.Atsushi Miyamae, Jun Sakuma, Isao Ono & Shigenobu Kobayashi - 2009 - Transactions of the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence 24 (1):104-115.
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  19.  23
    The Influence of Action-Outcome Delay and Arousal on Sense of Agency and the Intentional Binding Effect.Wen Wen, Atsushi Yamashita & Hajime Asama - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 36:87-95.
  20.  10
    Eye Contact Does Not Facilitate Detection in Children with Autism.Atsushi Senju, Kiyoshi Yaguchi, Yoshikuni Tojo & Toshikazu Hasegawa - 2003 - Cognition 89 (1):B43-B51.
  21.  16
    Optimal Tempo for Groove: Its Relation to Directions of Body Movement and Japanese Nori.Takahide Etani, Atsushi Marui, Satoshi Kawase & Peter E. Keller - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
  22.  39
    An Eye-Tracking Study of Exploitations of Spatial Constraints in Diagrammatic Reasoning.Atsushi Shimojima & Yasuhiro Katagiri - 2013 - Cognitive Science 37 (2):211-254.
    Semantic studies on diagrammatic notations (Barwise & Etchemendy, ; Shimojima, ; Stenning & Lemon, ) have revealed that the “non-deductive,” “emergent,” or “perceptual” effects of diagrams (Chandrasekaran, Kurup, Banerjee, Josephson, & Winkler, ; Kulpa, ; Larkin & Simon, ; Lindsay, ) are all rooted in the exploitation of spatial constraints on graphical structures. Thus, theoretically, this process is a key factor in inference with diagrams, explaining the frequently observed reduction of inferential load. The purpose of this study was to examine (...)
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  23.  55
    Divided Attention and Processes Underlying Sense of Agency.Wen Wen, Atsushi Yamashita & Hajime Asama - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
  24.  17
    The Influence of Goals on Sense of Control.Wen Wen, Atsushi Yamashita & Hajime Asama - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 37:83-90.
  25.  48
    Is Eye Contact the Key to the Social Brain?Atsushi Senju & Mark H. Johnson - 2010 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 33 (6):458-459.
    Eye contact plays a critical role in many aspects of face processing, including the processing of smiles. We propose that this is achieved by a subcortical route, which is activated by eye contact and modulates the cortical areas involve in social cognition, including the processing of facial expression. This mechanism could be impaired in individuals with autism spectrum disorders.
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  26.  21
    Dissociation of Conscious and Unconscious Repetition Priming Effect on Event-Related Potentials.Atsushi Matsumoto, Tetsuya Iidaka, Michio Nomura & Hideki Ohira - 2005 - Neuropsychologia 43 (8):1168-1176.
  27.  43
    Action Observation Modulates Auditory Perception of the Consequence of Others' Actions.Atsushi Sato - 2008 - Consciousness and Cognition 17 (4):1219-1227.
    We can easily discriminate self-produced from externally generated sensory signals. Recent studies suggest that the prediction of the sensory consequences of one’s own actions made by forward model can be used to attenuate the sensory effects of self-produced movements, thereby enabling a differentiation of the self-produced sensation from the externally generated one. The present study showed that attenuation of sensation occurred both when participants themselves performed a goal-directed action and when they observed experimenter performing the same action, although they clearly (...)
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  28.  50
    Doctors' and Nurses' Attitudes Towards and Experiences of Voluntary Euthanasia: Survey of Members of the Japanese Association of Palliative Medicine.Atsushi Asai, Motoki Ohnishi, Shizuko K. Nagata, Noritoshi Tanida & Yasuji Yamazaki - 2001 - Journal of Medical Ethics 27 (5):324-330.
    Objective—To demonstrate Japanese doctors' and nurses' attitudes towards and practices of voluntary euthanasia (VE) and to compare their attitudes and practices in this regard. Design—Postal survey, conducted between October and December 1999, using a self-administered questionnaire.Participants—All doctor members and nurse members of the Japanese Association of Palliative Medicine.Main outcome measure—Doctors' and nurses' attitude towards and practices of VE.Results—We received 366 completed questionnaires from 642 doctors surveyed (response rate, 58%) and 145 from 217 nurses surveyed (68%). A total of 54% (95% (...)
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  29. Arguments Against Promoting Organ Transplants From Brain-Dead Donors, and Views of Contemporary Japanese on Life and Death.Atsushi Asai, Yasuhiro Kadooka & Kuniko Aizawa - 2012 - Bioethics 26 (4):215-223.
    As of 2009, the number of donors in Japan is the lowest among developed countries. On July 13, 2009, Japan's Organ Transplant Law was revised for the first time in 12 years. The revised and old laws differ greatly on four primary points: the definition of death, age requirements for donors, requirements for brain- death determination and organ extraction, and the appropriateness of priority transplants for relatives.In the four months of deliberations in the National Diet before the new law was (...)
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  30.  10
    Islamic Values in the Unites States: A Comparative Study.Mohammed Sawaie, Yvonne Yazbeck Haddad & Adair T. Lummis - 1989 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 109 (1):132.
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  31.  1
    Strategyproof Matching with Regional Minimum and Maximum Quotas.Masahiro Goto, Atsushi Iwasaki, Yujiro Kawasaki, Ryoji Kurata, Yosuke Yasuda & Makoto Yokoo - 2016 - Artificial Intelligence 235:40-57.
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  32.  18
    Matters to Address Prior to Introducing New Life Support Technology in Japan: Three Serious Ethical Concerns Related to the Use of Left Ventricular Assist Devices as Destination Therapy and Suggested Policies to Deal with Them.Atsushi Asai, Sakiko Masaki, Taketoshi Okita, Aya Enzo & Yasuhiro Kadooka - 2018 - BMC Medical Ethics 19 (1):1-8.
    Background Destination therapy is the permanent implantation of a left ventricular assist device in patients with end-stage, severe heart failure who are ineligible for heart transplantation. DT improves both the quality of life and prognosis of patients with end-stage heart failure. However, there are also downsides to DT such as life-threatening complications and the potential for the patient to live beyond their desired length of life following such major complications. Because of deeply ingrained cultural and religious beliefs regarding death and (...)
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  33. Reexamination of the Ethics of Placebo Use in Clinical Practice.Atsushi Asai & Yasuhiro Kadooka - 2013 - Bioethics 27 (4):186-193.
    A placebo is a substance or intervention believed to be inactive, but is administered by the healthcare professional as if it was an active medication. Unlike standard treatments, clinical use of placebo usually involves deception and is therefore ethically problematic. Our attitudes toward the clinical use of placebo, which inevitably includes deception or withholding information, have a tremendous effect on our practice regarding truth-telling and informed consent. A casual attitude towards it weakens the current practice based on shared decision-making and (...)
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  34.  12
    Matters to address prior to introducing new life support technology in Japan: three serious ethical concerns related to the use of left ventricular assist devices as destination therapy and suggested policies to deal with them.Atsushi Asai, Sakiko Masaki, Taketoshi Okita, Aya Enzo & Yasuhiro Kadooka - 2018 - BMC Medical Ethics 19 (1):12.
    Destination therapy is the permanent implantation of a left ventricular assist device in patients with end-stage, severe heart failure who are ineligible for heart transplantation. DT improves both the quality of life and prognosis of patients with end-stage heart failure. However, there are also downsides to DT such as life-threatening complications and the potential for the patient to live beyond their desired length of life following such major complications. Because of deeply ingrained cultural and religious beliefs regarding death and the (...)
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  35.  45
    Focus Group Interviews Examining Attitudes Towards Medical Research Among the Japanese: A Qualitative Study.Atsushi Asai, Motoki Ohnishi, Etsuyo Nishigaki, Miho Sekimoto, Shunichi Fukuhara & Tsuguya Fukui - 2004 - Bioethics 18 (5):448–470.
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  36.  47
    Can Physicians' Judgments of Futility Be Accepted by Patients?: A Comparative Survey of Japanese Physicians and Laypeople.Yasuhiro Kadooka, Atsushi Asai & Seiji Bito - 2012 - BMC Medical Ethics 13 (1):7.
    Back groundEmpirical surveys about medical futility are scarce relative to its theoretical assumptions. We aimed to evaluate the difference of attitudes between laypeople and physicians towards the issue.MethodsA questionnaire survey was designed. Japanese laypeople (via Internet) and physicians with various specialties (via paper-and-pencil questionnaire) were asked about whether they would provide potentially futile treatments for end-of-life patients in vignettes, important factors for judging a certain treatment futile, and threshold of quantitative futility which reflects the numerical probability that an act will (...)
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  37.  32
    The Influence of Performance on Action-Effect Integration in Sense of Agency.Wen Wen, Atsushi Yamashita & Hajime Asama - 2017 - Consciousness and Cognition 53:89-98.
  38.  18
    A Critical Discussion of Arguments Against the Introduction of a Two-Tier Healthcare System in Japan.Atsushi Asai, Taketoshi Okita, Masashi Tanaka & Yasuhiro Kadooka - 2017 - Asian Bioethics Review 9 (3):171-181.
    In medical ethics, an appropriate national healthcare system that meets the requirements of justice in healthcare resource allocation is a major concern. Japan is no exception to this trend, and the pros and cons of introducing a two-tier healthcare system, which permits insured medical care services to be provided along with services not covered by social health insurance, have been the subject of debate for many years. The Supreme Court ruled in 2011 that it was valid for the government to (...)
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  39.  24
    Inferential and Expressive Capacities of Graphical Representations: Survey and Some Generalizations.Atsushi Shimojima - 2004 - In A. Blackwell, K. Marriott & A. Shimojima (eds.), Diagrammatic Representation and Inference. Springer. pp. 18--21.
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  40.  95
    Preference for Information and Dynamic Consistency.Simon Grant, Atsushi Kajii & Ben Polak - 2000 - Theory and Decision 48 (3):263-286.
    We provide necessary and sufficient conditions for a dynamically consistent agent always to prefer more informative signals (in single-agent problems). These conditions do not imply recursivity, reduction or independence. We provide a simple definition of dynamically consistent behavior, and we discuss whether an intrinsic information lover (say, an anxious person) is likely to be dynamically consistent.
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  41.  17
    A Logical Analysis of Graphical Consistency Proofs.Atsushi Shimojima - 2002 - In L. Magnani, N. J. Nersessian & C. Pizzi (eds.), Logical and Computational Aspects of Model-Based Reasoning. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 93--115.
  42.  10
    Ethical Framework for Next-Generation Genome and Epigenome Editing.Kyoko Akatsuka, Mitsuru Sasaki-Honda & Tsutomu Sawai - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (8):32-36.
    Volume 20, Issue 8, August 2020, Page 32-36.
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  43.  24
    Tsunami-Tendenkoand Morality in Disasters.Atsushi Asai - 2015 - Journal of Medical Ethics 41 (5):365-366.
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  44.  23
    Simultaneous tDCS-fMRI Identifies Resting State Networks Correlated with Visual Search Enhancement.Daniel E. Callan, Brian Falcone, Atsushi Wada & Raja Parasuraman - 2016 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10.
  45.  49
    Voluntary Active Euthanasia and the Nurse: A Comparison of Japanese and Australian Nurses.Noritoshi Tanida, Atsushi Asai, Motoki Ohnishi, Shizuko K. Nagata, Tsuguya Fukui, Yasuji Yamazaki & Helga Kuhse - 2002 - Nursing Ethics 9 (3):313-322.
    Although euthanasia has been a pressing ethical and public issue, empirical data are lacking in Japan. We aimed to explore Japanese nurses’ attitudes to patients’ requests for euthanasia and to estimate the proportion of nurses who have taken active steps to hasten death. A postal survey was conducted between October and December 1999 among all nurse members of the Japanese Association of Palliative Medicine, using a self-administered questionnaire based on the one used in a previous survey with Australian nurses in (...)
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  46.  34
    Defining Futile Life-Prolonging Treatments Through Neo-Socratic Dialogue.Kuniko Aizawa, Atsushi Asai & Seiji Bito - 2013 - BMC Medical Ethics 14 (1):51.
    In Japan, people are negative towards life-prolonging treatments. Laws that regulate withholding or discontinuing life-prolonging treatments and advance directives do not exist. Physicians, however, view discontinuing life-prolonging treatments negatively due to fears of police investigations. Although ministerial guidelines were announced regarding the decision process for end-of-life care in 2007, a consensus could not be reached on the definition of end-of-life and conditions for withholding treatment. We established a forum for extended discussions and consensus building on this topic.
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  47.  5
    Sawai Jai Singh and His Astronomy. Virendra Nath Sharma.Raymond Mercier - 1997 - Isis 88 (1):150-151.
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  48. Plotinus on Matter's Participation in the Forms.Atsushi Sumi - 2007 - Dionysius 25.
     
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  49.  9
    A Valuable Up-to-Date Compendium of Bioethical Knowledge.Atsushi Asai & Sachi Oe - 2005 - Developing World Bioethics 5 (3):216-219.
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  50.  32
    Dissociative Experience and Mood-Dependent Memory.Noriaki Kanayama, Atsushi Sato & Hideki Ohira - 2008 - Cognition and Emotion 22 (5):881-896.
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