Results for 'Audrey Arnal'

398 found
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  1.  26
    Host Manipulation by Cancer Cells: Expectations, Facts, and Therapeutic Implications.Tazzio Tissot, Audrey Arnal, Camille Jacqueline, Robert Poulin, Thierry Lefèvre, Frédéric Mery, François Renaud, Benjamin Roche, François Massol, Michel Salzet, Paul Ewald, Aurélie Tasiemski, Beata Ujvari & Frédéric Thomas - 2016 - Bioessays 38 (3):276-285.
    Similar to parasites, cancer cells depend on their hosts for sustenance, proliferation and reproduction, exploiting the hosts for energy and resources, and thereby impairing their health and fitness. Because of this lifestyle similarity, it is predicted that cancer cells could, like numerous parasitic organisms, evolve the capacity to manipulate the phenotype of their hosts to increase their own fitness. We claim that the extent of this phenomenon and its therapeutic implications are, however, underappreciated. Here, we review and discuss what can (...)
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  2. Credibility Excess and the Social Imaginary in Cases of Sexual Assault.Audrey S. Yap - 2017 - Feminist Philosophy Quarterly 3 (4):1-24.
    Open Access: This paper will connect literature on epistemic injustice with literature on victims and perpetrators, to argue that in addition to considering the credibility deficit suffered by many victims, we should also consider the credibility excess accorded to many perpetrators. Epistemic injustice, as discussed by Miranda Fricker, considers ways in which someone might be wronged in their capacity as a knower. Testimonial injustice occurs when there is a credibility deficit as a result of identity-prejudicial stereotypes. However, criticisms of Fricker (...)
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  3.  98
    Cortical Oscillations and Sensory Predictions.Luc H. Arnal & Anne-Lise Giraud - 2012 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 16 (7):390-398.
  4.  7
    Is There a G Factor for Metacognition? Correlations in Retrospective Metacognitive Sensitivity Across Tasks.Audrey Mazancieux, Stephen M. Fleming, Céline Souchay & Chris J. A. Moulin - 2020 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 149 (9):1788-1799.
  5.  19
    Corporate Social Responsibility and Corporate Disclosures: An Investigation of Investors’ and Analysts’ Perceptions.Audrey Hsu, Kevin Koh, Sophia Liu & Yen H. Tong - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 158 (2):507-534.
    We conjecture that corporate social responsibility can be indicative of managerial ethics and integrity and examine whether equity investors and financial analysts consider CSR performance when they assess firms’ disclosures of actual and forecasted earnings. We find that only adverse CSR performance affects investors’ assessments of these disclosures. In contrast, we find that both positive and adverse CSR performance affect analysts’ forecast revisions in response to firms’ disclosures. We also find that firms with adverse CSR performance exhibit lower disclosure quality (...)
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  6. Ad Hominem Fallacies, Bias, and Testimony.Audrey Yap - 2013 - Argumentation 27 (2):97-109.
    An ad hominem fallacy is committed when an individual employs an irrelevant personal attack against an opponent instead of addressing that opponent’s argument. Many discussions of such fallacies discuss judgments of relevance about such personal attacks, and consider how we might distinguish those that are relevant from those that are not. This paper will argue that the literature on bias and testimony can helpfully contribute to that analysis. This will highlight ways in which biases, particularly unconscious biases, can make ad (...)
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  7.  89
    Feminist Radical Empiricism, Values, and Evidence.Audrey Yap - 2016 - Hypatia 31 (1):58-73.
    Feminist epistemologies consider ways in which gender influences knowledge. In this article, I want to consider a particular kind of feminist empiricism that has been called feminist radical empiricism. I am particularly interested in this view's treatment of values as empirical, and consequently up for revision on the basis of empirical evidence. Proponents of this view cite the fact that it allows us to talk about certain things such as racial and gender equality as objective facts: not just whether we (...)
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  8. Idealization, Epistemic Logic, and Epistemology.Audrey Yap - 2014 - Synthese 191 (14):3351-3366.
    Many criticisms of epistemic logic have centered around its use of devices such as idealized knowers with logical omniscience and perfect self-knowledge. One possible response to such criticisms is to say that these idealizations are normative devices, and that epistemic logic tells us how agents ought to behave. This paper will take a different approach, treating epistemic logic as descriptive, and drawing the analogy between its formal models and idealized scientific models on that basis. Treating it as descriptive matches the (...)
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  9. Logical Structuralism and Benacerraf’s Problem.Audrey Yap - 2009 - Synthese 171 (1):157-173.
    There are two general questions which many views in the philosophy of mathematics can be seen as addressing: what are mathematical objects, and how do we have knowledge of them? Naturally, the answers given to these questions are linked, since whatever account we give of how we have knowledge of mathematical objects surely has to take into account what sorts of things we claim they are; conversely, whatever account we give of the nature of mathematical objects must be accompanied by (...)
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  10.  34
    Non-Articulable Content and the Realm of Reasons.Stella Gonzalez Arnal - 2006 - Teorema: International Journal of Philosophy 25 (1):121-131.
  11.  5
    Kavka, Audrey : Psychoanalyst Assistance Casebook of the American Psychoanalytic Association. New York 2017. 89 Seiten, Ca. $ 20,00. [REVIEW]Dirk Hamelmann-Fischer - 2019 - Psyche 73 (8):624-626.
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  12.  17
    Colortalk: Whiteness and Off White.Audrey Thompson - 1999 - Educational Studies 30 (2):141-160.
  13.  29
    Dedekind and Cassirer on Mathematical Concept Formation†.Audrey Yap - 2017 - Philosophia Mathematica 25 (3):369-389.
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  14.  12
    Sequential Processing During Noun Phrase Production.Audrey Bürki, Jasmin Sadat, Anne-Sophie Dubarry & F. -Xavier Alario - 2016 - Cognition 146:90-99.
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  15.  16
    Tacit Knowledge and Public Accounts.Stella Gonzalez Arnal & Stephen Burwood - 2003 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 37 (3):377–391.
  16. L’apprentissage professionnel des enseignants stagiaires de l’enseignement agricole français durant le stage de pratique accompagnéeProfessional training of student teachers in French agricultural education during their practical work experience.Audrey Garcia - 2012 - Revue Phronesis 1 (4):37.
    This article, based on a socio-cognitive approach, deals with the professional training of student teachers in French agricultural education during their practical work experience. The main objective is to demonstrate that the student teacher’s social interaction with his academic advisor allows him to use and develop his professional knowledge relating to practical matters. Based on a qualitative analysis this study presents the results of an investigation of seven students and six academic advisors. The article studies the interrelations between the nature (...)
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  17.  45
    Dedekind and Cassirer on Mathematical Concept Formation.Audrey Yap - 2014 - Philosophia Mathematica:nku029.
    Dedekind's major work on the foundations of arithmetic employs several techniques that have left him open to charges of psychologism, and through this, to worries about the objectivity of the natural-number concept he defines. While I accept that Dedekind takes the foundation for arithmetic to lie in certain mental powers, I will also argue that, given an appropriate philosophical background, this need not make numbers into subjective mental objects. Even though Dedekind himself did not provide that background, one can nevertheless (...)
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  18.  14
    When Going Beyond Gentle Nudges Is Legitimate.Audrey R. Chapman - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (5):68-69.
    Volume 19, Issue 5, May 2019, Page 68-69.
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  19.  4
    Que Peut la Théorie Greimassienne Pour Une Sémiotique de la Perception? Enquête Et Perspectives.Audrey Moutat - 2017 - Semiotica 2017 (219):147-165.
    RésuméPartant de la considération inaugurale de.
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  20.  30
    Fundamental Issues in Teacher Education for Human Rights: A European Perspective.Audrey Osler & Hugh Starkey - 1994 - Journal of Moral Education 23 (3):349-359.
    Abstract Human rights education is an essential part of preparation for participation in a pluralistic democracy. As Europe aspires to be a continent of democratic states accepting human rights as their basic principles, a human rights ethic should be a feature of all schools within Europe. Human rights education provides an ethical and moral framework for living in community. Moreover, this ethical position is backed in Europe by the powerful legal framework of the European Convention on Human Rights. This paper (...)
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  21.  6
    A Case Study in Adolescent Participation in Clinical Research: Eleven Clinical Sites, One Common Protocol, and Eleven IRBs.Audrey Smith Rogers, Donald F. Schwartz, Gloria Weissman & A. English - 1998 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 21 (1):6-10.
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  22.  32
    Feminism and Carnap's Principle of Tolerance.Audrey Yap - 2010 - Hypatia 25 (2):437-454.
    The logical empiricists often appear as a foil for feminist theories. Their emphasis on the individualistic nature of knowledge and on the value-neutrality of science seems directly opposed to most feminist concerns. However, several recent works have highlighted aspects of Carnap's views that make him seem like much less of a straightforwardly positivist thinker. Certain of these aspects lend themselves to feminist concerns much more than the stereotypical picture would imply.
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  23.  17
    Guidelines for Adolescent Participation in Research: Current Realities and Possible Resolutions.Audrey Smith Rogers, Lawrence D'Angelo & Donna Futterman - 1994 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 16 (4):1.
  24.  5
    Tacit Knowledge and Public Accounts.Stella Gonzalez Arnal & Stephen Burwood - 2003 - Philosophy of Education 37 (3):377-391.
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  25.  20
    Addressing the Ethical Challenges of First in-Human Trials.Audrey R. Chapman - 2011 - Journal of Clinical Research and Bioethics 2 (4).
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  26.  1
    Autonomy Issues for Young Adults Dealing with Psychic Disorders.Audrey Parron - 2014 - Alter - European Journal of Disability Research / Revue Européenne de Recherche Sur le Handicap 8 (4):245-255.
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  27.  22
    Use of the Social Cognitive Theory to Frame University Students’ Perceptions of Cheating.Audrey J. Burnett, Theresa M. Enyeart Smith & Maria T. Wessel - 2016 - Journal of Academic Ethics 14 (1):49-69.
    The purpose of this qualitative study was to examine the perceptions related to ethics and cheating among a representative sample of primarily female undergraduate students, compared to trends reported in the literature. Focus groups were organized to discuss nine scripted questions. Transcripts and audiotapes were analyzed and four main themes emerged: demographics of those who cheat, students’ perceptions of cheating, the role of technology in cheating, and consequences of cheating, including students’ attitudes and behaviors related to reporting cheating incidents. Bandura’s (...)
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  28.  45
    A Relentless Spinozism: Deleuze's Encounter with Beckett.Audrey Wasser - 2012 - Substance 41 (1):124-136.
  29.  78
    Globalization, Human Rights, and the Social Determinants of Health.Audrey R. Chapman - 2009 - Bioethics 23 (2):97-111.
    Globalization, a process characterized by the growing interdependence of the world's people, impacts health systems and the social determinants of health in ways that are detrimental to health equity. In a world in which there are few countervailing normative and policy approaches to the dominant neoliberal regime underpinning globalization, the human rights paradigm constitutes a widely shared foundation for challenging globalization's effects. The substantive rights enumerated in human rights instruments include the right to the highest attainable level of physical and (...)
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  30.  27
    Tomorrow’s Child: Unlikely to Be Obsolete.Audrey R. Chapman - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (7):22-23.
    Volume 19, Issue 7, July 2019, Page 22-23.
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  31. Feminism and Carnap's Principle of Tolerance.Y. A. P. Audrey - 2010 - Hypatia 25 (2):437-454.
    The logical empiricists often appear as a foil for feminist theories. Their emphasis on the individualistic nature of knowledge and on the value-neutrality of science seems directly opposed to most feminist concerns. However, several recent works have highlighted aspects of Carnap's views that make him seem like much less of a straightforwardly positivist thinker. Certain of these aspects lend themselves to feminist concerns much more than the stereotypical picture would imply.
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  32.  30
    Deleuze's Expressionism.Audrey Wasser - 2007 - Angelaki 12 (2):49 – 66.
  33.  84
    Predicativity and Structuralism in Dedekind’s Construction of the Reals.Audrey Yap - 2009 - Erkenntnis 71 (2):157-173.
    It is a commonly held view that Dedekind's construction of the real numbers is impredicative. This naturally raises the question of whether this impredicativity is justified by some kind of Platonism about sets. But when we look more closely at Dedekind's philosophical views, his ontology does not look Platonist at all. So how is his construction justified? There are two aspects of the solution: one is to look more closely at his methodological views, and in particular, the places in which (...)
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  34.  36
    Gauss' Quadratic Reciprocity Theorem and Mathematical Fruitfulness.Audrey Yap - 2011 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 42 (3):410-415.
  35.  28
    The Social Determinants of Health: Why We Should Care.Audrey R. Chapman - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (3):46-47.
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  36. Dynamic Epistemic Logic with Branching Temporal Structures.Tomohiro Hoshi & Audrey Yap - 2009 - Synthese 169 (2):259 - 281.
    van Bentham et al. (Merging frameworks for interaction: DEL and ETL, 2007) provides a framework for generating the models of Epistemic Temporal Logic ( ETL : Fagin et al., Reasoning about knowledge, 1995; Parikh and Ramanujam, Journal of Logic, Language, and Information, 2003) from the models of Dynamic Epistemic Logic ( DEL : Baltag et al., in: Gilboa (ed.) Tark 1998, 1998; Gerbrandy, Bisimulations on Planet Kripke, 1999). We consider the logic TDEL on the merged semantic framework, and its extension (...)
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  37.  6
    Family Planning Clinics in Sheffield, 1967.Audrey W. M. Ward - 1969 - Journal of Biosocial Science 1 (3):207-219.
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  38.  49
    Moral Responsibility and Desert of Praise and Blame.Audrey L. Anton - 2015 - Lexington Books.
    Through critical examination of three main contemporary approaches to describing moral responsibility, this book illustrates why philosophers must take into account the relationship between retrospective moral responsibility and desert of praise or blame. The author advances the moral attitude account, whereby desert of praise and blame depends on the agent’s moral attitudes in response to moral reasons, and retrospective moral responsibility results from expressions of those attitudes in overt behavior.
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  39.  14
    Running the Number Line: Rapid Shifts of Attention in Single-Digit Arithmetic.Romain Mathieu, Audrey Gourjon, Auriane Couderc, Catherine Thevenot & Jérôme Prado - 2016 - Cognition 146:229-239.
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  40.  27
    Another Kind of 'BOLD Response': Answering Multiple-Choice Questions Via Online Decoded Single-Trial Brain Signals.Bettina Sorger & Audrey Maudoux - unknown
    The term ‘locked-in’ syndrome (LIS) describes a medical condition in which persons concerned are severely paralyzed and at the same time fully conscious and awake. The resulting anarthria makes it impossible for these patients to naturally communicate, which results in diagnostic as well as serious practical and ethical problems. Therefore, developing alternative, muscle-independent communication means is of prime importance. Such communication means can be realized via brain–computer interfaces (BCIs) circumventing the muscular system by using brain signals associated with preserved cognitive, (...)
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  41.  31
    The Challenge of Disentangling Reportability and Phenomenal Consciousness in Post-Comatose States.Audrey Vanhaudenhuyse, Marie-Aurélie Bruno, Serge Brédart, Alain Plenevaux & Steven Laureys - 2007 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (5-6):529-530.
    Determining whether or not noncommunicative patients are phenomenally conscious is a major clinical and ethical challenge. Clinical assessment is usually limited to the observation of these patients' motor responses. Recent neuroimaging technology and brain computer interfaces help clinicians to assess whether patients are conscious or not, and to avoid diagnostic errors.
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  42.  23
    Stakeholder Influence Strategies: The Roles of Structural and Demographic Determinants.Jeff Frooman & Audrey J. Murrell - 2005 - Business and Society 44 (1):3-31.
  43.  11
    Cocaine Addiction as a Homeostatic Reinforcement Learning Disorder.Mehdi Keramati, Audrey Durand, Paul Girardeau, Boris Gutkin & Serge H. Ahmed - 2017 - Psychological Review 124 (2):130-153.
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  44.  10
    López arnal, Salvador: Manuel sacristán Y la obra Del lógico Y filósofo norteamericano Willard Van Orman Quine. [REVIEW]Sergio Urueña López - 2016 - Daimon: Revista Internacional de Filosofía 68:171.
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  45.  8
    Patenting in the Public Interest: The California Institute for Regenerative Medicine Model.Audrey R. Chapman - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (12):61-63.
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  46. Breaking the Habit: Aristotle on Recidivism and How a Thoroughly Vicious Person Might Begin to Improve.Audrey L. Anton - 2006 - Philosophy in the Contemporary World 13 (2):58-66.
    Aristotle’s virtue ethics can teach us about the relationship between our habits and our actions. Throughout his works, Aristotle explains much about how one may develop a virtuous character, and little about how one might change from one character type to another. In recent years criminal law has been concerned with the issue of recidivism and how our system might reform the criminals we return to society more effectively. This paper considers how Aristotle might say a vicious person could change (...)
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  47.  48
    Impact of Post-Restatement Actions Taken by a Firm on Non-Professional Investors' Credibility Perceptions.Elizabeth Dreike Almer, Audrey A. Gramling & Steven E. Kaplan - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 80 (1):61 - 76.
    The frequency of earnings restatements has been increasing over the last decade. Restating previous earnings erodes perceived trustworthiness and competence of management, giving firms strong incentives to take actions to enhance perceived credibility of future financial reports [Farber, D. B.: 2005, The Accounting Review 80(2), 539–561.]. Using an experimental case, we examine the ability of post-restatement actions taken by a firm to positively influence non-professional investors’ perceptions of management’s financial reporting credibility. Our examination considers credibility judgments following two types of (...)
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  48.  11
    Surrogate Family Values: The Refeminization of Teaching.Audrey Thompson - 1997 - Educational Theory 47 (3):315-339.
  49.  9
    Signaling Positive Corporate Social Performance An Event Study of Family-Friendly Firms.Ray Jones & Audrey J. Murrell - 2001 - Business and Society 40 (1):59-78.
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  50. Revisiting Galison’s ‘Aufbau/Bauhaus’ in Light of Neurath’s Philosophical Projects.Angela Potochnik & Audrey Yap - 2006 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 37 (3):469-488.
    Historically, the Vienna Circle and the Dessau Bauhaus were related, with members of each group familiar with the ideas of the other. Peter Galison argues that their projects are related as well, through shared political views and methodological approach. The two main figures that connect the Vienna Circle to the Bauhaus—and the figures upon which Galison focuses—are Rudolf Carnap and Otto Neurath. Yet the connections that Galison develops do not properly capture the common themes between the Bauhaus and Neurath’s philosophical (...)
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