29 found
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  1.  33
    Addressing the Ethical Challenges of First in-Human Trials.Audrey R. Chapman - 2011 - Journal of Clinical Research and Bioethics 2 (4).
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  2.  29
    Tomorrow’s Child: Unlikely to Be Obsolete.Audrey R. Chapman - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (7):22-23.
    Volume 19, Issue 7, July 2019, Page 22-23.
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  3.  16
    When Going Beyond Gentle Nudges Is Legitimate.Audrey R. Chapman - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (5):68-69.
    Volume 19, Issue 5, May 2019, Page 68-69.
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  4.  81
    Globalization, Human Rights, and the Social Determinants of Health.Audrey R. Chapman - 2009 - Bioethics 23 (2):97-111.
    Globalization, a process characterized by the growing interdependence of the world's people, impacts health systems and the social determinants of health in ways that are detrimental to health equity. In a world in which there are few countervailing normative and policy approaches to the dominant neoliberal regime underpinning globalization, the human rights paradigm constitutes a widely shared foundation for challenging globalization's effects. The substantive rights enumerated in human rights instruments include the right to the highest attainable level of physical and (...)
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  5.  28
    The Social Determinants of Health: Why We Should Care.Audrey R. Chapman - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (3):46-47.
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  6.  11
    Brain Models in a Dish: Ethical Issues in Developing Brain Organoids.Audrey R. Chapman - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 10 (3):113-115.
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  7.  1
    Unprecedented Choices: Religious Ethics at the Frontiers of Genetic Science.Audrey R. Chapman (ed.) - 1999 - Fortress Press.
    With vast new scientific and technological powers, we face unprecedented choices for which traditional ethics provide little direct guidance. What role can the religious community play in addressing the ethical and theological issues that even science now acknowledges as urgent?Chapman's work forges a method for integrating ethical reasoning with scientific data, focusing on four issues -- cloning, genetic engineering, patenting of life, and environmental alteration. For each, she reviews the work of religious thinkers, assesses the roles of the religious community, (...)
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  8.  9
    Patenting in the Public Interest: The California Institute for Regenerative Medicine Model.Audrey R. Chapman - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (12):61-63.
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  9.  39
    Inconsistency of Human Rights Approaches to Human Dignity with Transhumanism.Audrey R. Chapman - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (7):61-63.
  10. The Ethics of Patenting Human Embryonic Stem Cells.Audrey R. Chapman - 2009 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 19 (3):pp. 261-288.
  11.  69
    Evaluating the First-in-Human Clinical Trial of a Human Embryonic Stem Cell-Based Therapy.Audrey R. Chapman & Courtney C. Scala - 2012 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 22 (3):243-261.
    The transition of novel and potentially promising medical therapies into their initial human clinical trials can engender conflicting pressures. On the one side, because Phase I trials raise greater ethical and human protection challenges than later stage clinical trials, there is a need to proceed cautiously. This is particularly the case for Phase I trials with a novel therapy being tested in humans for the first time, usually termed first-in-human (FIH) trials, especially if the FIH trial involves significant risks. On (...)
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  12.  8
    Rethinking the Issue of Reparations for Black Americans.Audrey R. Chapman - 2022 - Bioethics 36 (3):235-242.
    Bioethics, Volume 36, Issue 3, Page 235-242, March 2022.
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  13. Coming to Terms with the Past.Audrey R. Chapman - 1999 - The Annual of the Society of Christian Ethics 19:235-258.
    This paper explores one of the major issues before transitional societies, the balance among truth, justice, and/or reconciliation. It focusses on the role of truth commissions, with an emphasis on the experience of South Africa. A central thesis of the paper is that establishing a shared truth that documents the causes, nature, and extent of severe and gross human rights abuses and/or collective violence under antecedent regimes is a prerequisite for achieving accountability, meaningful reconciliation, and a foundation for a common (...)
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  14. The Ethical Implications of the Social Determinants of Health: A Global Renaissance for Bioethics (Vol 23, Pg NIL_0002, 2009). [REVIEW]Audrey R. Chapman - 2009 - Bioethics 23 (4):261 - 261.
     
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  15. The Greening of Science, Theology, and Ethics.Audrey R. Chapman - unknown
    Rosemary Ruether’s writings, for example, emphasize a need both for a continued critical evaluation of current scientific and societal paradigms from an ecological perspective and a dialogue and new synthesis between science and religion based on contemporary developments in the physical and biological sciences. If science is to serve as a resource for eco-theology and eco-ethics, it is necessary for environmental thought to be consistent with a contemporary scientific worldview. In place of the mind/body dualism, which was prevalent in the (...)
     
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  16.  18
    Ethical Guidelines for Genetic Research on Alcohol Addiction and Its Applications.Audrey R. Chapman, Adrian Carter, Jonathan M. Kaplan, Kylie Morphett & Wayne Hall - 2018 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 28 (1):1-22.
    The misuse of alcohol inflicts a major toll on individual users, their families, and the wider society. This includes disruptions of family life, violence, absenteeism and problems in the workplace, child neglect and abuse, and excess morbidity and mortality. The World Health Organization estimates that alcohol ranks eighth among global risk factors for death and is the third leading global risk factor for disease and disability. In the United States, alcohol dependence affects four to five percent of the population at (...)
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  17.  22
    The Potential Contributions of Translational Research and Ethics.Audrey R. Chapman - 2008 - American Journal of Bioethics 8 (3):64-66.
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  18.  10
    Improving Subject Safety in High-Risk Phase I Trials With Stem Cell-Based Candidate Therapies.Audrey R. Chapman - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 3 (2):18-20.
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  19.  24
    Book Review of Introduction to U.S. Health Policy: The Organization, Financing and Delivery of Health Care in America by Donald A. Barr. [REVIEW]Audrey R. Chapman - 2008 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 3:9.
    Donald A. Barr's Introduction to U.S. Health Policy: The Organization, Financing, and Delivery of Health Care in America (second edition, 2007) offers a lucid and informative overview of the U.S. health system and the dilemmas policy makers currently face. Barr has provided a balanced introduction to the way health care is organized, financed, and delivered in the United States. The thirteen chapters of the book are quite comprehensive in the topics they cover. Even those knowledgeable about the U.S. health care (...)
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  20.  5
    Assessing the Ethical Distinctions Between Different Types of Prospective Human Germline Genetic Interventions.Audrey R. Chapman - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (8):49-50.
    Volume 20, Issue 8, August 2020, Page 49-50.
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  21.  19
    Evaluating ESCROs: Perspectives From the University of Connecticut.Audrey R. Chapman - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics 13 (1):57-58.
  22.  5
    Barr Donald A: Introduction to U.S. Health Policy: The Organization, Financing and Delivery of Health Care in America 2nd Edition. Baltimore, MD, The Johns Hopkins University Press; 2007. Xiv + 303 Pages, ISBN – 13:978-0-8018-8574-7 and 13:978-0-8018-8574-4. [REVIEW]Audrey R. Chapman - 2008 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 3 (1):9.
    Donald A. Barr's Introduction to U.S. Health Policy: The Organization, Financing, and Delivery of Health Care in America offers a lucid and informative overview of the U.S. health system and the dilemmas policy makers currently face. Barr has provided a balanced introduction to the way health care is organized, financed, and delivered in the United States. The thirteen chapters of the book are quite comprehensive in the topics they cover. Even those knowledgeable about the U.S. health care system are likely (...)
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  23.  5
    Health Care Reform.Audrey R. Chapman - 2008 - Journal of the Society of Christian Ethics 28 (2):205-221.
    THERE IS WIDESPREAD DISSATISFACTION WITH THE HEALTH CARE SYSTEM in this country. This essay outlines why. It then reviews and evaluates the contributions of the faith community to the discussions of health care reform to assess whether the perspective and contributions of religious actors are distinct from secular approaches. Finally, it proposes different emphases for the religious community's future involvement with health care reform.
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  24.  5
    Refining Ethical Guidelines for Early Clinical Trials of Pluripotent Stem-Cell-Derived Therapeutics for Parkinson's Disease.Audrey R. Chapman - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 6 (1):65-66.
  25. Patenting Human Genes: Ethical and Policy Issues.Audrey R. Chapman - forthcoming - Bioethics for Scientists:265--278.
     
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  26.  3
    Should We Design Our Descendants?Audrey R. Chapman - 2003 - Journal of the Society of Christian Ethics 23 (2):199-223.
    Rapid breakthroughs in genetic research spurred by the Human Genome Project, advances in molecular biology, and new reproductive technologies are raising the prospect that we may eventually have the technical capacity to modify genes that are transmitted to future generations not only to treat or eliminate diseases but also to "enhance" normal human characteristics beyond what is necessary to sustain or restore good health. This paper explores the ethical and justice implications of such genetic modifications. It argues against developing these (...)
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  27.  2
    Undoing Funding Injustices for Bioethics Research on Racial Justice.Audrey R. Chapman - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 22 (1):21-23.
    The article by Rachel Fabi and Daniel Goldberg contends that current priorities in the field of bioethics perpetuate injustices and inequities. This is because funding is one of the main drivers of...
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  28.  4
    10 Human Dignity and the New Reproductive Technologies.Audrey R. Chapman - 2012 - In Stephen Dilley & Nathan J. Palpant (eds.), Human Dignity in Bioethics: From Worldviews to the Public Square. Routledge. pp. 13--201.
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  29.  1
    Ethics and Human Genetics.Audrey R. Chapman - 1998 - The Annual of the Society of Christian Ethics 18:293-303.
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