Results for 'Aur��lien Allard'

998 found
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  1.  37
    The Logical Foundations of Bradley's Metaphysics: Judgment, Inference, and Truth.James Allard - 2004 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book is a major contribution to the study of the philosopher F. H. Bradley, the most influential member of the nineteenth-century school of British Idealists. It offers a sustained interpretation of Bradley's Principles of Logic, explaining the problem of how it is possible for inferences to be both valid and yet have conclusions that contain new information. The author then describes how this solution provides a basis for Bradley's metaphysical view that reality is one interconnected experience and how this (...)
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  2. The irreducibility of collective obligations.Allard Tamminga & Frank Hindriks - 2020 - Philosophical Studies 177 (4):1085-1109.
    Individualists claim that collective obligations are reducible to the individual obligations of the collective’s members. Collectivists deny this. We set out to discover who is right by way of a deontic logic of collective action that models collective actions, abilities, obligations, and their interrelations. On the basis of our formal analysis, we argue that when assessing the obligations of an individual agent, we need to distinguish individual obligations from member obligations. If a collective has a collective obligation to bring about (...)
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  3.  16
    From Extreme Emotions to Extreme Actions: Explaining Non-Normative Collective Action and Reconciliation.Allard R. Feddes, Liesbeth Mann & Bertjan Doosje - 2012 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 35 (6):432-433.
    A key argument of Dixon et al. in the target article is that prejudice reduction through intergroup contact and collective action work in opposite ways. We argue for a complementary approach focusing on extreme emotions to understand why people turn to non-normative collective action and to understand when and under what conditions extreme emotions may influence positive effects of contact on reconciliation.
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  4.  54
    Correspondence Analysis for Strong Three-Valued Logic.Allard Tamminga - 2014 - Logical Investigations 20:255-268.
    I apply Kooi and Tamminga's (2012) idea of correspondence analysis for many-valued logics to strong three-valued logic (K3). First, I characterize each possible single entry in the truth-table of a unary or a binary truth-functional operator that could be added to K3 by a basic inference scheme. Second, I define a class of natural deduction systems on the basis of these characterizing basic inference schemes and a natural deduction system for K3. Third, I show that each of the resulting natural (...)
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  5.  47
    Collective Obligations, Group Plans and Individual Actions.Allard Tamminga & Hein Duijf - 2017 - Economics and Philosophy 33 (2):187-214.
    If group members aim to fulfill a collective obligation, they must act in such a way that the composition of their individual actions amounts to a group action that fulfills the collective obligation. We study a strong sense of joint action in which the members of a group design and then publicly adopt a group plan that coordinates the individual actions of the group members. We characterize the conditions under which a group plan successfully coordinates the group members' individual actions, (...)
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  6.  70
    Deontic Logic for Strategic Games.Allard Tamminga - 2013 - Erkenntnis 78 (1):183-200.
    We develop a multi-agent deontic action logic to study the logical behaviour of two types of deontic conditionals: (1) conditional obligations, having the form "If group H were to perform action aH, then, in group F's interest, group G ought to perform action aG" and (2) conditional permissions, having the form "If group H were to perform action aH, then, in group F's interest, group G may perform action aG". First, we define a formal language for multi-agent deontic action logic (...)
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  7.  25
    Expressivity Results for Deontic Logics of Collective Agency.Allard Tamminga, Hein Duijf & Frederik Van De Putte - forthcoming - Synthese:1-21.
    We use a deontic logic of collective agency to study reducibility questions about collective agency and collective obligations. The logic that is at the basis of our study is a multi-modal logic in the tradition of *stit* logics of agency. Our full formal language has constants for collective and individual deontic admissibility, modalities for collective and individual agency, and modalities for collective and individual obligations. We classify its twenty-seven sublanguages in terms of their expressive power. This classification enables us to (...)
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  8. Katz’s Revisability Paradox Dissolved.Allard Tamminga & Sander Verhaegh - 2013 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 91 (4):771-784.
    Quine's holistic empiricist account of scientific inquiry can be characterized by three constitutive principles: *noncontradiction*, *universal revisability* and *pragmatic ordering*. We show that these constitutive principles cannot be regarded as statements within a holistic empiricist's scientific theory of the world. This claim is a corollary of our refutation of Katz's [1998, 2002] argument that holistic empiricism suffers from what he calls the Revisability Paradox. According to Katz, Quine's empiricism is incoherent because its constitutive principles cannot themselves be rationally revised. Using (...)
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  9.  15
    What Information is Necessary for Speech Categorization? Harnessing Variability in the Speech Signal by Integrating Cues Computed Relative to Expectations.Bob McMurray & Allard Jongman - 2011 - Psychological Review 118 (2):219-246.
  10. Logics of Rejection: Two Systems of Natural Deduction.Allard Tamminga - 1994 - Logique Et Analyse 146:169-208.
    This paper presents two systems of natural deduction for the rejection of non-tautologies of classical propositional logic. The first system is sound and complete with respect to the body of all non-tautologies, the second system is sound and complete with respect to the body of all contradictions. The second system is a subsystem of the first. Starting with Jan Łukasiewicz's work, we describe the historical development of theories of rejection for classical propositional logic. Subsequently, we present the two systems of (...)
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  11.  85
    Expansion and Contraction of Finite States.Allard Tamminga - 2004 - Studia Logica 76 (3):427-442.
    We present a theory that copes with the dynamics of inconsistent information. A method is set forth to represent possibly inconsistent information by a finite state. Next, finite operations for expansion and contraction of finite states are given. No extra-logical element — a choice function or an ordering over (sets of) sentences — is presupposed in the definition of contraction. Moreover, expansion and contraction are each other's duals. AGM-style characterizations of these operations follow.
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  12. Estimating the Reproducibility of Experimental Philosophy.Florian Cova, Brent Strickland, Angela Abatista, Aurélien Allard, James Andow, Mario Attie, James Beebe, Renatas Berniūnas, Jordane Boudesseul, Matteo Colombo, Fiery Cushman, Rodrigo Diaz, Noah N’Djaye Nikolai van Dongen, Vilius Dranseika, Brian D. Earp, Antonio Gaitán Torres, Ivar Hannikainen, José V. Hernández-Conde, Wenjia Hu, François Jaquet, Kareem Khalifa, Hanna Kim, Markus Kneer, Joshua Knobe, Miklos Kurthy, Anthony Lantian, Shen-yi Liao, Edouard Machery, Tania Moerenhout, Christian Mott, Mark Phelan, Jonathan Phillips, Navin Rambharose, Kevin Reuter, Felipe Romero, Paulo Sousa, Jan Sprenger, Emile Thalabard, Kevin Tobia, Hugo Viciana, Daniel Wilkenfeld & Xiang Zhou - 2018 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology (1):1-36.
    Responding to recent concerns about the reliability of the published literature in psychology and other disciplines, we formed the X-Phi Replicability Project to estimate the reproducibility of experimental philosophy. Drawing on a representative sample of 40 x-phi studies published between 2003 and 2015, we enlisted 20 research teams across 8 countries to conduct a high-quality replication of each study in order to compare the results to the original published findings. We found that x-phi studies – as represented in our sample (...)
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  13.  11
    Withdraw or Affiliate? The Role of Humiliation During Initiation Rituals.Liesbeth Mann, Allard R. Feddes, Bertjan Doosje & Agneta H. Fischer - 2016 - Cognition and Emotion 30 (1):80-100.
  14.  94
    Completeness Via Correspondence for Extensions of the Logic of Paradox.Barteld Kooi & Allard Tamminga - 2012 - Review of Symbolic Logic 5 (4):720-730.
    Taking our inspiration from modal correspondence theory, we present the idea of correspondence analysis for many-valued logics. As a benchmark case, we study truth-functional extensions of the Logic of Paradox (LP). First, we characterize each of the possible truth table entries for unary and binary operators that could be added to LP by an inference scheme. Second, we define a class of natural deduction systems on the basis of these characterizing inference schemes and a natural deduction system for LP. Third, (...)
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  15.  24
    Behavioral and Facial Thermal Variations in 3-to 4-Month-Old Infants During the Still-Face Paradigm.Tiziana Aureli, Annalisa Grazia, Daniela Cardone & Arcangelo Merla - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  16.  98
    Ethical Issues Relating to the Health Effects of Long Working Hours.Allard E. Dembe - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 84 (S2):195-208.
    Considerable research evidence has accumulated indicating that there is an increased likelihood for illness and injury among employees working in long-hour schedules and schedules involving unconventional shift work. In addition, studies show that fatigue-related errors made by employees working in these kind of demanding schedules can have serious and adverse repercussions for public safety. As the result of these concerns, new protective legislation is being advocated in the United States, for instance, to restrict the hours of work among nurses and (...)
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  17. Belief Dynamics: (Epistemo)Logical Investigations.Allard Tamminga - 2001 - Dissertation, University of Amsterdam
    C.S. Peirce's and Isaac Levi's accounts of the belief-doubt-belief model are discussed and evaluated. It is argued that the contemporary study of belief change has metamorphosed into a branch of philosophical logic where empirical considerations have become obsolete. A case is made for reformulations of belief change systems that do allow for empirical tests. Last, a belief change system is presented that (1) uses finite representations of information, (2) can adequately deal with inconsistencies, (3) has finite operations of change, (4) (...)
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  18.  49
    Virtue in Aristotle's Rhetoric: A Metaphysical and Ethical Capacity.Susan K. Allard-Nelson - 2001 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 34 (3):245 - 259.
  19.  70
    Moral Conflicts Between Groups of Agents.Barteld Kooi & Allard Tamminga - 2008 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 37 (1):1-21.
    Two groups of agents, G1 and G2, face a *moral conflict* if G1 has a moral obligation and G2 has a moral obligation, such that these obligations cannot both be fulfilled. We study moral conflicts using a multi-agent deontic logic devised to represent reasoning about sentences like "In the interest of group F of agents, group G of agents ought to see to it that phi". We provide a formal language and a consequentialist semantics. An illustration of our semantics with (...)
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  20.  6
    Heavenly Clockwork, the Great Astronomical Clocks of Medieval China.Lien-Sheng Yang, Joseph Needham, Wang Ling & Derek J. de Solla Price - 1960 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 80 (4):371.
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  21.  33
    Brokers and Bricoleurs: Entrepreneurship in Wales' Online Music Scene. [REVIEW]Gillian Allard - 2003 - AI and Society 17 (1):12-24.
    The power of some new entrants to the music industry derives from their position as brokers in computer-mediated environments. Brokers act instrumentally to exploit their position within a network which, in turn, depends on their ability to build and sustain links (and, in computer-mediated environments, hyperlinks). Bricolage in computer-mediated entrepreneurship refers to the intuitive manipulation of resources in order to achieve (perhaps tacit) goals. Without careful stewardship of the new intellectual wealth thus created, bricolage may profit neither the individual nor (...)
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  22.  91
    Three-Valued Logics in Modal Logic.Barteld Kooi & Allard Tamminga - 2013 - Studia Logica 101 (5):1061-1072.
    Every truth-functional three-valued propositional logic can be conservatively translated into the modal logic S5. We prove this claim constructively in two steps. First, we define a Translation Manual that converts any propositional formula of any three-valued logic into a modal formula. Second, we show that for every S5-model there is an equivalent three-valued valuation and vice versa. In general, our Translation Manual gives rise to translations that are exponentially longer than their originals. This fact raises the question whether there are (...)
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  23.  54
    Introspection and Change in Carnap’s Logical Behaviourism.Allard Tamminga - 2005 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 36 (4):650-667.
    In the 1930s, Carnap set out to incorporate psychology into the unity of science, by showing that all cognitively meaningful sentences of psychology can be translated into the language of physics. I will argue that Carnap, relying on his notion of protocol languages, defends a physicalistic philosophy of psychology that shows due appreciation to 'introspection' as a strictly subjective, but reliable way to verify sentences about one’s own mind. Second, I will point out that Carnap’s philosophy of psychology not only (...)
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  24.  20
    Lien social et religion positiviste chez les penseurs de la Troisième République.Laurent Fedi - 2003 - Revue des Sciences Philosophiques Et Théologiques 1:127-151.
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  25. A Natural Deduction System for First Degree Entailment.Allard M. Tamminga & Koji Tanaka - 1999 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 40 (2):258-272.
    This paper is concerned with a natural deduction system for First Degree Entailment (FDE). First, we exhibit a brief history of FDE and of combined systems whose underlying idea is used in developing the natural deduction system. Then, after presenting the language and a semantics of FDE, we develop a natural deduction system for FDE. We then prove soundness and completeness of the system with respect to the semantics. The system neatly represents the four-valued semantics for FDE.
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  26.  4
    Videoconferencing Psychotherapy for Panic Disorder and Agoraphobia: Outcome and Treatment Processes From a Non-Randomized Non-Inferiority Trial.Stéphane Bouchard, Micheline Allard, Geneviève Robillard, Stéphanie Dumoulin, Tanya Guitard, Claudie Loranger, Isabelle Green-Demers, André Marchand, Patrice Renaud, Louis-Georges Cournoyer & Giulia Corno - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  27. Education for Freedom: The Philosophy of Education of Jacques Maritain.Jean-Louis Allard - 1982 - University of Ottawa Press.
  28. Armed Intervention and Democratic Dreams : Small Western Liberal Democracies and Multinational Intervention.Allard Wagemaker - 2009 - In Ted van Baarda & Désirée Verweij (eds.), The Moral Dimension of Asymmetrical Warfare: Counter-Terrorism, Democratic Values and Military Ethics. Martinus Nijhoff.
  29.  17
    Healthy Older Observers Show Equivalent Perceptual-Cognitive Training Benefits to Young Adults for Multiple Object Tracking.Isabelle Legault, Rémy Allard & Jocelyn Faubert - 2013 - Frontiers in Psychology 4.
  30.  28
    Consolation, Reconciliation, and a Possible Cognitive Difference Between Macaques and Chimpanzees.Frans Bm de Waal & Filippo Aureli - 1996 - In A. Russon, Kim A. Bard & S. Parkers (eds.), Reaching Into Thought: The Minds of the Great Apes. Cambridge University Press.
  31.  57
    What's in a Name for Memory Errors? Implications and Ethical Issues Arising From the Use of the Term "False Memory" for Errors in Memory for Details.Anne P. DePrince, Carolyn B. Allard, Hannah Oh & Jennifer J. Freyd - 2004 - Ethics and Behavior 14 (3):201 – 233.
    The term "false memories" has been used to refer to suggestibility experiments in which whole events are apparently confabulated and in media accounts of contested memories of childhood abuse. Since 1992 psychologists have increasingly used the term "false memory" when discussing memory errors for details, such as specific words within word lists. Use of the term to refer to errors in details is a shift in language away from other terms used historically (e.g., "memory intrusions"). We empirically examine this shift (...)
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  32.  35
    Toward Modelling a Global Social Contract: Jean-Jacques Rousseau and John Locke.Takashi Inoguchi & Lien Thi Quynh Le - 2016 - Japanese Journal of Political Science 17 (3):489-522.
    The paper attempts to construct a global model of a social contract using well-known metaphors of two great philosophers: Jean-Jacques Rousseau and John Locke. By modelling a global social contract, I mean the formulation of a social contract using two sets of data: one is global citizens' preferences about values and norms while the other is sovereign states' participation in multilateral treaties. Both Rousseau and Locke formulate their versions of social contract theories in the national context of eighteenth-century Europe. This (...)
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  33.  27
    Ethics and the Politics of Food.Marianne Elisabeth Lien & Raymond Anthony - 2007 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 20 (5):413-417.
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  34.  21
    Organ Donation After Medical Assistance in Dying or Cessation of Life-Sustaining Treatment Requested by Conscious Patients: The Canadian Context.Julie Allard & Marie-Chantal Fortin - 2017 - Journal of Medical Ethics 43 (9):601-605.
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  35.  27
    Better Control with Less Effort: The Advantage of Using Focused-Breathing Strategy Over Focused-Distraction Strategy on Thought Suppression.Yu-Jeng Ju & Yunn-Wen Lien - 2016 - Consciousness and Cognition 40:9-16.
  36. Un lien intradiscursif remarquable: Bowiem.Henri Adamczewski - 1983 - Contrastes 6:7-22.
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  37.  6
    New Sincerity and Frances Ha in Light of Sartre: A Proposal for an Existentialist Conceptual Framework.Allard den Dulk - 2020 - Film-Philosophy 24 (2):140-161.
    There is a growing discourse on “new sincerity,” and related terms like “quirky” and “metamodernism,” as a movement or sensibility in contemporary cinema developing from the late 1990s onward, exemplified by the work of filmmakers such as Wes Anderson and Charlie Kaufman. However, what this new concept means in the context of cinema has so far remained under-defined and requires further philosophical analysis. This article provides such an analysis by offering a reconceptualization of Jean-Paul Sartre's existentialist-phenomenological notions of good faith (...)
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  38. Economische eenzijdigheid.Allard Plate - forthcoming - Idee.
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  39.  7
    Le Lien Substantiel Et la Substance Composée D’Après Leibniz.James M. Somerville - 1973 - International Philosophical Quarterly 13 (4):588-590.
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  40.  2
    A Note on Taxation, Development, and Representative Government.Da-Hsiang Donald Lien & Robert H. Bates - 1985 - Politics and Society 14 (1):53-70.
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  41.  1
    Attentional Disengagement Deficits Predict Brooding, but Not Reflection, Over a One-Year Period.Eric S. Allard & Ilya Yaroslavsky - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  42.  16
    Who is Prone to Wander and When? Examining an Integrative Effect of Working Memory Capacity and Mindfulness Trait on Mind Wandering Under Different Task Loads.Yu-Jeng Ju & Yunn-Wen Lien - 2018 - Consciousness and Cognition 63:1-10.
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  43.  6
    Le Lien Sexuel, l'Inconscient En Couple.Paul-Laurent Assoun - 2009 - Dialogue: Families & Couples 183 (1):25.
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  44.  5
    Mānatuṅgācārya aur unke StotraAnusandhānManatungacarya aur unke StotraAnusandhan.John E. Cort, Madhusūdan Ḍhāṅkī Dhaky), Jitendra Śāh Shah), Ācārya Vijay Śīlcandrasūri, Harivallabh Bhāyāṇī [H. C. Bhayani], Madhusudan Dhanki Dhaky), Jitendra Sah Shah), Acarya Vijay Silcandrasuri & Harivallabh Bhayani [H. C. Bhayani] - 2000 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 120 (2):293.
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  45.  5
    Are Locus Equations Sufficient or Necessary for Obstruent Perception?Allard Jongman - 1998 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (2):271-272.
    Two issues are addressed in this commentary: the universality and the “psychological reality” of locus equations as cues to place of articulation. Preliminary data collected in our laboratory suggest that locus equations do not reliably distinguish place of articulation for fricatives. Additionally, perception studies show that listeners can identify place of articulation based on much less temporal information than that required for deriving locus equations.
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  46.  5
    ALLARD, Gérald, éd., Rousseau : sur les sciences et les arts. Premier discours. Préface au Narcisse. Fiction ALLARD, Gérald, éd., Rousseau : sur les sciences et les arts. Premier discours. Préface au Narcisse. Fiction. [REVIEW]Philip Knee - 1988 - Laval Théologique et Philosophique 44 (3):398-401.
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  47. Iqbāl Aur Maghribī Mufakkirīn.Jagan Nāth Āzād - 1975
  48.  26
    S. Aureli Augustini Confessionum libri tredecim: post Pium Knoell iteratis curis edidit Martinus Skutella. Pp. xxxii + 381. Leipzig: Teubner, 1934. Cloth, RM. 6.80 (paper, 5.40). [REVIEW]A. Souter - 1935 - The Classical Review 49 (04):156-.
  49.  10
    S. Aureli Augustini Hipponiensis episcopi De Catechizandis Rudibus liber unus. J. P. Christopher.A. Souter - 1927 - Speculum 2 (2):214-216.
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  50.  17
    Le Lien de Causalité En Matière de Responsabilité Médicale.P. Vayre, D. Planquelle & H. Fabre - 2005 - Médecine et Droit 2005 (72):78-84.
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