Results for 'Aurelio Jos�� Figueredo'

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  1.  90
    Fundamental Dimensions of Environmental Risk.Bruce J. Ellis, Aurelio José Figueredo, Barbara H. Brumbach & Gabriel L. Schlomer - 2009 - Human Nature 20 (2):204-268.
    The current paper synthesizes theory and data from the field of life history (LH) evolution to advance a new developmental theory of variation in human LH strategies. The theory posits that clusters of correlated LH traits (e.g., timing of puberty, age at sexual debut and first birth, parental investment strategies) lie on a slow-to-fast continuum; that harshness (externally caused levels of morbidity-mortality) and unpredictability (spatial-temporal variation in harshness) are the most fundamental environmental influences on the evolution and development of LH (...)
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  2.  43
    The K-Factor, Covitality, and Personality.Aurelio José Figueredo, Geneva Vásquez, Barbara Hagenah Brumbach & Stephanie M. R. Schneider - 2007 - Human Nature 18 (1):47-73.
    We present a psychometric test of life history theory as applied to human individual differences using MIDUS survey data (Brim et al. 2000). Twenty scales measuring cognitive and behavioral dimensions theoretically related to life history strategy were constructed using items from the MIDUS survey. These scales were used to construct a single common factor, the K-factor, which accounted for 70% of the reliable variance. The scales used included measures of personal, familial, and social function. A second common factor, Covitality, was (...)
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  3.  35
    Effects of Harsh and Unpredictable Environments in Adolescence on Development of Life History Strategies.Barbara Hagenah Brumbach, Aurelio José Figueredo & Bruce J. Ellis - 2009 - Human Nature 20 (1):25-51.
    The National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health data were used to test predictions from life history theory. We hypothesized that (1) in young adulthood an emerging life history strategy would exist as a common factor underlying many life history traits (e.g., health, relationship stability, economic success), (2) both environmental harshness and unpredictability would account for unique variance in expression of adolescent and young adult life history strategies, and (3) adolescent life history traits would predict young adult life history strategy. These (...)
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  4.  20
    Assortative Pairing and Life History Strategy.Aurelio José Figueredo & Pedro S. A. Wolf - 2009 - Human Nature 20 (3):317-330.
    A secondary analysis was performed on preliminary data from an ongoing cross-cultural study on assortative pairing. Independently sampled pairs of opposite-sex romantic partners and of same-sex friends rated themselves and each other on Life History (LH) strategy and mate value. Data were collected in local bars, clubs, coffeehouses, and other public places from three different cultures: Tucson, Arizona; Hermosillo, Sonora; and San José, Costa Rica. The present analysis found that slow LH individuals assortatively pair with both sexual and social partners (...)
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  5.  49
    “Just Not so Stories”: Exaptations, Spandrels, and Constraints.Aurelio José Figueredo & Sarah Christine Berry - 2002 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (4):517-518.
    It is anthropomorphic to speak of Nature designing adaptations for a specific function, as if with conscious intent. Any effect constitutes an adaptive function if it contributes to survival and to reproduction. Natural selection is blind to what might have been the original function. Mutations arise by purest accident and are selected based on whatever fortuitous effects they might produce.
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  6.  28
    The Epigenesis of Sociopathy.Aurelio José Figueredo - 1995 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 18 (3):556-557.
    Mealey distinguishes two types of sociopathy: (1) or obligate, and (2) or facultative. Either sociopathy evolved twice, or one form is derived from the other, e.g., through: (1) genetic assimilation generating polymorphism in the relative strength of biases favoring the development of otherwise facultative strategies, or (2) independently heritable but strategically relevant characteristics biasing the optimal selection of facultative strategies.
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  7.  45
    Apes and Angels: Adaptationism Versus Panglossianism.Aurelio José Figueredo, Mark J. Landau & Jon A. Sefcek - 2004 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (3):334-335.
    The “straw man” prior expectation of the dominant social psychology paradigm is that humans should behave with perfect rationality and high ethical standards. The more modest claim of evolutionary psychologists is that humans have evolved specific adaptations for adaptive problems that were reliably present in the ancestral environment. Outside that restricted range of problems, one should not expect optimal behavior.
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  8.  44
    Attachment and Life History Strategy.Aurelio José Figueredo, Jon A. Sefcek & Sally G. Olderbak - 2009 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (1):26-27.
    Del Giudice addresses a complex and pertinent theoretical issue: the evolutionary adaptiveness of sex differences in attachment styles in relation to life history strategy. Although we applaud Del Giudice for calling attention to the problem, we regret that he does not sufficiently specify how attachment styles serve as an integral part of a coordinate life history strategy for either sex.
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  9.  26
    A Stochastic Optimality Theory of Preparedness and Plasticity.Aurelio José Figueredo - 1995 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 18 (2):300-301.
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  10.  21
    Animal Mentality: Canons to the Right of Them, Canons to the Left of Them ….Aurelio J. Figueredo - 1992 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 15 (1):154-155.
  11.  21
    Parasite Stress, Ethnocentrism, and Life History Strategy.Aurelio José Figueredo, Paul Robert Gladden & Candace Jasmine Black - 2012 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 35 (2):87-88.
    Fincher & Thornhill (F&T) present a compelling argument that parasite stress underlies certain cultural practices promoting assortative sociality. However, we suggest that the theoretical framework proposed is limited in several ways, and that life history theory provides a more explanatory and inclusive framework, making more specific predictions about the trade-offs faced by organisms in the allocation of bioenergetic and material resources.
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  12.  13
    Sexual Strategic Pluralism Through a Brunswikian Lens.Aurelio José Figueredo & W. Jake Jacobs - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (4):603-604.
    Genes controlling the choice of sexual strategy must be sensitive to critical environmental contingencies, including the presence of other strategically relevant genetic traits. To determine which strategy works best for each individual, one must assess both its environment and itself within that environment. Psychosexual development involves an assessment of sociosexual affordances, strategically calibrating optimal utilization of physical and psychosocial assets.
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  13.  7
    Sex, Aggression, and Life History Strategy.Aurelio Jose Figueredo, Paul Robert Gladden & Barbara Hagenah Brumbach - 2009 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (3-4):278-278.
    We agree that sexual selection is a more comprehensive explanation for sex differences in direct aggression than social role theory, which is an unparsimonious and vestigial remnant of human exceptionalism. Nevertheless, Archer misses several opportunities to put the theoretical predictions made by himself and by others into direct competition in a way that would further the interests of strong inference.
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  14.  15
    Does Rape Equal Sex Plus Violence?Aurelio J. Figueredo - 1992 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 15 (2):384-385.
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  15.  19
    Evolutionary Psychology of Eating Disorders: An Explorative Study in Patients With Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia Nervosa.Johanna Nettersheim, Gabriele Gerlach, Stephan Herpertz, Riadh Abed, Aurelio J. Figueredo & Martin Brüne - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
  16.  34
    General Intelligence is a Source of Individual Differences Between Species: Solving an Anomaly.Michael A. Woodley of Menie, Heitor B. F. Fernandes, Jan te Nijenhuis, Mateo Peñaherrera-Aguirre & Aurelio José Figueredo - 2017 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 40.
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  17.  31
    Strategic Differentiation and Integration of Genomic-Level Heritabilities Facilitate Individual Differences in Preparedness and Plasticity of Human Life History.Michael A. Woodley of Menie, Aurelio José Figueredo, Tomás Cabeza de Baca, Heitor B. F. Fernandes, Guy Madison, Pedro S. A. Wolf & Candace J. Black - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  18.  5
    Slowing Life History (K) Can Account for Increasing Micro-Innovation Rates and GDP Growth, but Not Macro-Innovation Rates, Which Declined Following the End of the Industrial Revolution.Michael A. Woodley of Menie, Aurelio José Figueredo & Matthew A. Sarraf - 2019 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 42.
    Baumard proposes that life history slowing in populations over time is the principal driver of innovation rates. We show that this is only true of micro-innovation rates, which reflect cognitive and economic specialization as an adaptation to high population density, and not macro-innovation rates, which relate more to a population's level of general intelligence.
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  19.  5
    Considering the Role of Ecology on Individual Differentiation.Tomás Cabeza de Baca, Rafael Antonio Garcia, Michael Anthony Woodley of Menie & Aurelio José Figueredo - 2016 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 39.
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  20.  4
    Considering the Role of Ecology on Individual Differentiation.Tomás Cabeza de Baca, Rafael Antonio Garcia, Michael Anthony Woodley & Aurelio José Figueredo - 2016 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 39.
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  21.  19
    Homenaje al profesor Jorge Aurelio díaz 17 de junio de 2005.Teacher Jorge Aurelio Díazs Tribute - 2005 - Ideas Y Valores 54 (128).
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  22. Jo Lewisooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooo Commentary.D. O. Jo‘Veathera-Iiooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooo, L. O. Ke18eyoooooooooooooooooooo Oooooooooooooooooo, R. O. HolderOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO, M. O. VeatchOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO, J. O. LevineOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO, Terrence F. Ackerman, Barbara Stanley, Michael Stanley, J. O. Lev-Ineooooooooooooooooooooooooooooo Oooooooooo & Oooo Cohenooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooo - 1984 - Bioethics Reporter 1 (1).
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  23.  20
    Michael Polanyi and His Generation: Origins of the Social Construction of Science.Mary Jo Nye - 2013 - University of Chicago Press.
    In _Michael Polanyi and His Generation_, Mary Jo Nye investigates the role that Michael Polanyi and several of his contemporaries played in the emergence of the social turn in the philosophy of science. This turn involved seeing science as a socially based enterprise that does not rely on empiricism and reason alone but on social communities, behavioral norms, and personal commitments. Nye argues that the roots of the social turn are to be found in the scientific culture and political events (...)
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  24.  21
    Díaz, Jorge Aurelio (Ed.). Corres.Jorge Aurelio Díaz - 2011 - Ideas Y Valores 60 (147).
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  25.  12
    Pragmatism and Ethnicity: Critique, Reconstruction, and the New Hispanic.JosÉ Medina - 2004 - Metaphilosophy 35 (1-2):115-146.
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  26.  11
    Reading Rorty: Critical Responses to Philosophy and the Mirror of Nature (and Beyond).Alan R. Malachowski, Jo Burrows & Richard Rorty (eds.) - 1990 - Blackwell.
    In 'Philosophy and the Mirror of Nature' Richard Rorty presented his provocation and influential vision of the post-philosophical culture, calling upon professional philosophers to accept that epistemology is dead, that the analytic method is a myth, and that philosophy and science are merely forms of literature.
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  27. The Middle Works, 1899-1924 Edited by Jo Ann Boydston; with an Introd. By Joe R. Burnett. --.John Dewey, Jo Ann Boydston & Illinois - 1976 - Southern Illinois University Press, C1976-1976.
     
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  28.  1
    Machiavelli's Discourses on Livy: New Readings.Diogo Pires Aurélio & Andre Santos Campos (eds.) - 2021 - Brill.
    Original scholarly essays by leading philosophers, which bring to life Machiavelli’s lengthiest and most challenging work.
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  29.  8
    The Value of Palliative Care.Jos V. M. Welie, William F. Sullivan & John Heng - 2016 - The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 16 (4):657-662.
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  30.  2
    Politics with Beauvoir: Freedom in the Encounter.Lori Jo Marso - 2017 - Duke University Press.
    In _Politics with Beauvoir_ Lori Jo Marso treats Simone de Beauvoir's feminist theory and practice as part of her political theory, arguing that freedom is Beauvoir's central concern and that this is best apprehended through Marso's notion of the encounter. Starting with Beauvoir's political encounters with several of her key contemporaries including Hannah Arendt, Robert Brasillach, Richard Wright, Frantz Fanon, and Violette Leduc, Marso also moves beyond historical context to stage encounters between Beauvoir and others such as Chantal Akerman, Lars (...)
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  31. There Are No Good Objections to Substance Dualism.Jos’E. Gusmão Rodrigues - 2014 - Philosophy 89 (2):199-222.
    This article aims to review the standard objections to dualism and to argue that will either fail to convince someone committed to dualism or are flawed on independent grounds. I begin by presenting the taxonomy of metaphysical positions on concrete particulars as they relate to the dispute between materialists and dualists, and in particular substance dualism is defined. In the first section, several kinds of substance dualism are distinguished and the relevant varieties of this kind of dualism are selected. The (...)
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  32.  19
    Actualizing Human Rights: Global Inequality, Future People, and Motivation.Jos Philips - 2020 - London: Routledge.
    This book argues that ultimately human rights can be actualized, in two senses. By answering important challenges to them, the real-world relevance of human rights can be brought out; and people worldwide can be motivated as needed for realizing human rights. Taking a perspective from moral and political philosophy, the book focuses on two challenges to human rights that have until now received little attention, but that need to be addressed if human rights are to remain plausible as a global (...)
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  33.  2
    Procesos políticos, crisis y tendencias regionales actuales en América Latina.Darío Salinas Figueredo - 2010 - Cuyo 27:9-31.
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  34.  21
    David Mitchell's Cloud Atlas of Narrative Constraints and Environmental Limits.Jo Alyson Parker - 2010 - In Jo Alyson Parker, Paul Harris & Christian Steineck (eds.), Time: Limits and Constraints. Brill. pp. 201.
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  35.  5
    Aurelio Arturo en la voz de las cosas.Mauricio Chaves-Bustos - 2015 - Cuadernos de Filosofía Latinoamericana 36 (112):22.
    Aurelio Arturo constituye un poeta de una singularidad única en el conjunto de la poesía latinoamericana, con una voz sosegada, pero al ritmo de las concreciones universales, le canta al hombre de siempre, narrando no solo paisajes, sino recreando el escenario donde la humanidad hace su curso. Este ensayo muestra facetas de su vida, el manejo del símbolo en su contexto creativo, su lucha por exponer desde la poesía su sentimiento de hombre que debe dar el paso de lo (...)
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  36.  43
    Reproduction, Ethics, and the Law: Feminist Perspectives. [REVIEW]Jo Trigilio - 1997 - Teaching Philosophy 20 (3):343-346.
  37.  17
    Psychological Profiling of Triathlon and Road Cycling Athletes.Aurelio Olmedilla, Gema Torres-Luque, Alexandre García-Mas, Victor J. Rubio, Eugenio Ducoing & Enrique Ortega - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  38.  2
    Bertrand Russell and the Pacifists in the First World War.Jo Vellacott - 1980 - St. Martin's Press.
  39.  2
    Time and Memory.Jo Alyson Parker, Michael Crawford & Paul Harris (eds.) - 2006 - Brill.
    Time and Memory comprises essays that deal with the nature of memory as a medium that reflects the passage of time, as a tool for the manipulation of time, and as a reflection of the creative and destructive impulse.
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  40. Compendium of the Foundations of Classical Statistical Physics.Jos Uffink - 2005 - In Jeremy Butterfield & John Earman (eds.), Handbook of the Philosophy of Physics. Elsevier.
    Roughly speaking, classical statistical physics is the branch of theoretical physics that aims to account for the thermal behaviour of macroscopic bodies in terms of a classical mechanical model of their microscopic constituents, with the help of probabilistic assumptions. In the last century and a half, a fair number of approaches have been developed to meet this aim. This study of their foundations assesses their coherence and analyzes the motivations for their basic assumptions, and the interpretations of their central concepts. (...)
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  41.  37
    Is It Language That Makes Humans Intelligent?Jo Van Herwegen & Annette Karmiloff-Smith - 2006 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (3):298-298.
    The target article by Locke & Bogin (L&B) focuses on the evolution of language as a communicative tool. They neglect, however, that from infancy onwards humans have the ability to go beyond successful behaviour and to reflect upon language (and other domains of knowledge) as a problem space in its own right. This ability is not found in other species and may well be what makes humans unique.
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  42. Corporate Governance and Firm Value: The Impact of Corporate Social Responsibility. [REVIEW]Hoje Jo & Maretno A. Harjoto - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 103 (3):351-383.
    This study investigates the effects of internal and external corporate governance and monitoring mechanisms on the choice of corporate social responsibility (CSR) engagement and the value of firms engaging in CSR activities. The study finds the CSR choice is positively associated with the internal and external corporate governance and monitoring mechanisms, including board leadership, board independence, institutional ownership, analyst following, and anti- takeover provisions, after controlling for various firm characteristics. After correcting for endogeneity and simultaneity issues, the results show that (...)
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  43.  7
    Philosophy of Philippine Education.Aurelio O. Elevazo - 1995 - National Bookstore.
  44.  4
    A Written Constitution: A Case Not Made.Jo Eric Khushal Murkens - 2021 - Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 41 (4):965-986.
    Whether the UK needs a written constitution is a staple of British constitutional debates. Over the years, the fault lines have shifted from whether to incorporate a Bill of Rights to much deeper disagreement with respect to the people and the central power of the state. In this article I neither endorse the conservative case against a written constitution nor argue for the existing constitution to be codified. Instead, I first assess the content of various proposals for a written constitution. (...)
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  45. The Causal Effect of Corporate Governance on Corporate Social Responsibility.Hoje Jo & Maretno A. Harjoto - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics 106 (1):53-72.
    In this article, we examine the empirical association between corporate governance (CG) and corporate social responsibility (CSR) engagement by investigating their causal effects. Employing a large and extensive US sample, we first find that while the lag of CSR does not affect CG variables, the lag of CG variables positively affects firms’ CSR engagement, after controlling for various firm characteristics. In addition, to examine the relative importance of stakeholder theory and agency theory regarding the associations among CSR, CG, and corporate (...)
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  46. Bluff Your Way in the Second Law of Thermodynamics.Jos Uffink - 2001 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 32 (3):305-394.
    The aim of this article is to analyse the relation between the second law of thermodynamics and the so-called arrow of time. For this purpose, a number of different aspects in this arrow of time are distinguished, in particular those of time-reversal (non-)invariance and of (ir)reversibility. Next I review versions of the second law in the work of Carnot, Clausius, Kelvin, Planck, Gibbs, Caratheodory and Lieb and Yngvason, and investigate their connection with these aspects of the arrow of time. It (...)
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  47.  12
    A Bayesian Approach to Sport Injuries Likelihood: Does Player’s Self-Efficacy and Environmental Factors Plays the Main Role?Aurelio Olmedilla, Víctor J. Rubio, Pilar Fuster-Parra, Constanza Pujals & Alexandre García-Mas - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  48.  26
    Theognis Aurelio Peretti: Teognide nella tradizione gnomologica. (Università di Pisa: Studi Classici e Orientali, iv.) Pp. xii+396. Pisa: Libreria Goliardica, 1953. Paper, L. 4000. [REVIEW]D. C. C. Young - 1955 - The Classical Review 5 (01):35-37.
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  49. El señor y el marginado: la familia morisca Orejón y la rivalidad de los maestros de obras cristianas.Aurelio García López - 1996 - Al-Qantara 17 (2):271-290.
    Dentro del indudable atractivo que provoca hoy día el estudio del siglo XVI, queremos ofrecer la visión de un trabajo local, realizado bajo la óptica de una familia de maestros de obra moriscos: la familia Orejón. Pretendemos dar a conocer la protección de la nobleza a sus criados moriscos que encuentran gran número de obstáculos para realizar su trabajo diario por parte de los cristianos. En el presente trabajo, dejando al margen las cuestiones artísticas, damos una aproximación sobre la formación (...)
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  50.  16
    Going Beyond the Catch-22 of Autism Diagnosis and Research. The Moral Implications of (Not) Asking “What Is Autism?”.Jo Bervoets & Kristien Hens - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    Psychiatric diagnoses such as Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) are primarily attributed on the basis of behavioral criteria. The aim of most of the biomedical research on ASD is to uncover the underlying mechanisms that lead to or even cause pathological behavior. However, in the philosophical and sociological literature, it has been suggested that autism is also to some extent a ‘social construct’ that cannot merely be reduced to its biological explanation. We show that a one-sided adherence to either a biological (...)
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