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Ave Mets
University of Tartu
  1. Measurement Theory, Nomological Machine And Measurement Uncertainties (In Classical Physics).Ave Mets - 2012 - Studia Philosophica Estonica 5 (2):167-186.
    Measurement is said to be the basis of exact sciences as the process of assigning numbers to matter (things or their attributes), thus making it possible to apply the mathematically formulated laws of nature to the empirical world. Mathematics and empiria are best accorded to each other in laboratory experiments which function as what Nancy Cartwright calls nomological machine: an arrangement generating (mathematical) regularities. On the basis of accounts of measurement errors and uncertainties, I will argue for two claims: 1) (...)
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    Normativity of Scientific Laws : Aspects of Implicit Normativity.Ave Mets - 2018 - Problemos 94:49.
    [full article, abstract in English; only abstract in Lithuanian] In Normativity of Scientific Laws explicit and implicit normativities were discerned and it was shown, following Joseph Rouse, that scientific laws implicitly harbour what Alchourrón and Bulygin imply to be the core of normativity. Here I develop this claim by discerning six aspects of implicit normativity in scientific laws: general and special conceptual normativity, concerning analytical thinking and special scientific terminologies; theoretical and material epistemic normativity, concerning mathematical and experimental accountability of (...)
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    Chemistry is pluralistic.Klaus Ruthenberg & Ave Mets - forthcoming - Foundations of Chemistry:1-17.
    Recently, philosophers have come forth with approaches to chemistry based on its actual practice, imparting to it a proper aim and character of its own. These approaches add to the currently growing movement of pluralist philosophies of science. We draw on recent pluralist accounts from chemistry and analyse three notions from modern chemical practice and theory in terms of these accounts, in order to complement the so far more general pluralist approaches with specific evidence. Our survey reveals that the concept (...)
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  4. The Constructive Realist Account of Science and Its Application to Ilya Prigogine’s Conception of Laws of Nature.Ave Mets & Piret Kuusk - 2009 - Foundations of Science 14 (3):239-248.
    Sciences are often regarded as providing the best, or, ideally, exact, knowledge of the world, especially in providing laws of nature. Ilya Prigogine, who was awarded the Nobel Prize for his theory of non-equilibrium chemical processes—this being also an important attempt to bridge the gap between exact and non-exact sciences [mentioned in the Presentation Speech by Professor Stig Claesson (nobelprize.org, The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1977)]—has had this ideal in mind when trying to formulate a new kind of science. Philosophers (...)
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    Sotsiaalteaduste teaduslikkusest. Rein Taagepera, Making Social Sciences More Scientific: The Need for Predictive Models.Ave Mets - 2009 - Studia Philosophica Estonica 2 (1):112-134.
    Physics has for a long time been regarded as the most mature of all sciences due to strict mathematically formulated laws of physics and success of theories in applications, for which it has been taken as the example of scientificity which other sciences should strive towards. Just what aspect of physics it is that is regarded as the cause of its success and hence the yardstick of scientificity – this question has given rise to differing opinions. In his book Making (...)
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    Mountain, masculine mining: An interpretation of entbergen.Ave Mets - 2018 - Eidos: Revista de Filosofía de la Universidad Del Norte 29:119-149.
    ABSTRACT Unverborgenheit is truth in Heidegger's Greek-inspired view that happens in Entbergen, or bringing forth. Technology is a way of bringing forth and the truths brought forth in ancient and contemporary science-based technologies are essentially different, the latter being destined by enframing or Gestell that is the essence of contemporary science and technology. Here I give an etymological-ecological-feminist interpretation to the essences of ancient and contemporary technologies as ontogeneses and their unconcealments. A turning point is also identified, on the basis (...)
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    Mokslo Dėsnių Normatyvumas : Dvi Normatyvumo Rūšys.Ave Mets - 2018 - Problemos 93:60.
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    Female Mountain, Masculine Mining: An Interpretation of Entbergen.Ave Mets - 2018 - Eidos: Revista de Filosofía de la Universidad Del Norte 29:119-149.
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    A Philosophical Critique of the Distinction of Representational and Pragmatic Measurements on the Example of the Periodic System of Chemical Elements.Ave Mets - 2019 - Foundations of Science 24 (1):73-93.
    Measurement theory in is concerned with the assignment of number to objects of phenomena. Representational aspect of measurement is the extent to which the assigned numbers and arithmetics truthfully represent the underlying objects and their relations, and is characteristic to natural sciences; pragmatic aspect is the extent to which the assigned numbers serve purposes other than representing the underlying phenomena, and is characteristic to social sciences. Here I criticise this distinction of representational and pragmatic measurements on the basis of the (...)
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