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Avery Kolers [28]Avery H. Kolers [2]Avery Harman Kolers [1]
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Avery Kolers
University of Louisville
  1.  44
    "Are You My Mommy?" On the Genetic Basis of Parenthood.Avery Kolers & Tim Bayne - 2001 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 18 (3):273–285.
    What exactly is it that makes someone a parent? Many people hold that parenthood is grounded, in the first instance, in the natural derivation of one person's genetic constitution from the genetic constitutions of others. We refer to this view as "Geneticism". In Part I we distinguish three forms of geneticism on the basis of whether they hold that direct genetic derivation is sufficient, necessary, or both sufficient and necessary, for parenthood. Parts two through four examine three arguments for geneticism: (...)
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  2.  45
    The Grasshopper’s Error: Or, On How Life is a Game.Avery Kolers - 2015 - Dialogue 54 (4):727-746.
    I here defend the thesis that the best life is the life that one plays as a game—specifically, a ‘Suitsian’ game that meets the definition proposed in The Grasshopper by Bernard Suits. Even more specifically, it is a nested, open, role-playing game where the life’s quality as a game partly depends on there being no more people than players. To defend this thesis I refute two powerful challenges to it, one from Thomas Hurka (2006) and another from within The Grasshopper (...)
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  3.  33
    The Priority of Solidarity to Justice.Avery Kolers - 2014 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 31 (4):420-433.
    Recognising and responding to injustices that benefit us is a pervasive problem of contemporary life, and arguably a mark of moral seriousness in anyone who presumes to take moral stands at all. In response, a number of authors have defended the view that such benefits normally bring with them prima facie obligations of compensation. This ‘wrongful-benefits’ approach has considerable intuitive plausibility, much of it founded in the financial metaphor that gives it an appearance of precision. Yet while the compensation scenario (...)
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  4.  50
    Toward a Pluralist Account of Parenthood.Tim Bayne & Avery Kolers - 2003 - Bioethics 17 (3):221–242.
    What is it that makes someone a parent? Many writers – call them ‘monists’– claim that parenthood is grounded solely in one essential feature that is both necessary and sufficient for someone's being a parent. We reject not only monism but also ‘necessity’ views, in which some specific feature is necessary but not also sufficient for parenthood. Our argument supports what we call ‘pluralism’, the view that any one of several kinds of relationship is sufficient for parenthood. We begin by (...)
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  5.  35
    Floating Provisos and Sinking Islands.Avery Kolers - 2012 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 29 (3):333-343.
    Rising sea levels may sink entire countries. Individualistic solutions to this climate catastrophe, such as those proposed by Meisels and Risse, are inadequate on both Kantian and Lockean criteria. This article concurs with Cara Nine's recent argument that such ‘ecological refugee states’ are entitled to territorial remedies. But Nine's proposal, founded on Locke's ‘sufficiency’ proviso and Nozick's famous application of it to waterholes in the desert, is instructively incorrect. Careful consideration of the distinction between land and territory, and of the (...)
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  6.  34
    Attachment to Territory: Status or Achievement?Avery Kolers - 2012 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 42 (2):101-123.
    It is by now widely agreed that a theory of territorial rights must be able to explain attachment or particularity: what can link a particular group to a particular place with the kind of normative force necessary to forbid encroachment or colonization?1 Attachment is one of the pillars on which any successful theory of territory will have to stand. But the notion of attachment is not yet well understood, and such agreement as does exist relies on unexamined assumptions. One such (...)
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  7.  10
    Locating the People.Avery Kolers - forthcoming - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy:1-8.
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  8.  10
    Am I My Profession's Keeper?Avery Kolers - 2014 - Bioethics 28 (1):1-7.
    Conscientious refusal is distinguished by its peculiar attitude towards the obligations that the objector refuses: the objector accepts the authority of the institution in general, but claims a right of conscience to refuse some particular directive. An adequate ethics of conscientious objection will, then, require an account of the institutional obligations that the objector claims a right to refuse. Yet such an account must avoid two extremes: ‘anarchism,’ where obligations apply only insofar as they match individual conscience; and ‘totalitarianism,’ where (...)
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  9.  17
    Justice and the Politics of Deference.Avery Kolers - 2005 - Journal of Political Philosophy 13 (2):153–173.
    Steady progress toward justice is not evident within extant political systems. A good-faith commitment to justice therefore requires oppositional collective action. This paper articulates and defends a moral principle of “progressive solidarity” that guides oppositional political action. Solidarity requires us to work alongside others according to their choice of action, even if this requires doing what we believe unwise or immoral. Progressive solidarity requires deference to the decisions of the least well-off group. Although individual judgment is by no means suspended, (...)
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  10.  29
    The Territorial State in Cosmopolitan Justice.Avery Kolers - 2002 - Social Theory and Practice 28 (1):29-50.
    Cosmopolitans oppose excluding persons from political institutions on grounds of geographic location. But this problem of illegitimate exclusion is parallel to an equally pressing, but widely ignored, problem of illegitimate inclusion. Best understood, cosmopolitanism requires small-scale territorial self-determination. Impoverished states' inability to exclude powerful governments and regulatory institutions from decision procedures is a grave injustice that cosmopolitans ignore. Cultural groups have a strong interest in maintaining effective control of land use by excluding nonresidents. Appealing to democracy and political equality, the (...)
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  11.  43
    Dynamics of Solidarity.Avery H. Kolers - 2012 - Journal of Political Philosophy 20 (4):365-383.
    Solidarity is a significant but poorly understood feature of political life. It is typically conceived, in “associative and teleological” terms, as working together for common political aims. But this conception misses the fact that solidarity requires individuals to will collective ends despite incompletely shared interests. Careful consideration of these elements reveals four “dynamics of solidarity”: its characteristic duties, the durability of commitments made in solidarity, the deference it involves, and its effects over time on agents’ habits and capacities. In this (...)
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  12.  1
    Floating Provisos and Sinking Islands.Avery Kolers - 2012 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 29 (4):333-343.
    abstractRising sea levels may sink entire countries. Individualistic solutions to this climate catastrophe, such as those proposed by Meisels and Risse, are inadequate on both Kantian and Lockean criteria. This article concurs with Cara Nine's recent argument that such ‘ecological refugee states’ are entitled to territorial remedies. But Nine's proposal, founded on Locke's ‘sufficiency’ proviso and Nozick's famous application of it to waterholes in the desert, is instructively incorrect. Careful consideration of the distinction between land and territory, and of the (...)
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  13.  21
    Cloning and Genetic Parenthood.Avery Kolers - 2003 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 12 (4):401-410.
    This paper explores the implications of human reproductive cloning for our notions of parenthood. Cloning comes in numerous varieties, depending on the kind of cell to be cloned, the age of the source at the time the clone is created, the intended social relationship, if any, between source and clone, and whether the clone is to be one of one, or one of many, genetically identical individuals alive at a time. The moral and legal character of an act of cloning (...)
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  14.  2
    Ludic Constructivism: Or, Individual Life and the Fate of Humankind.Avery Kolers - forthcoming - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy:1-14.
    In The Grasshopper, Bernard Suits argues that the best life is the one whose essence is game-play. In fact, only through the concept of game-play can we understand how anything at all is worth doing. Yet this seems implausible: morality makes things worth doing independently of any game, and games are themselves subject to moral evaluation. So games must be logically posterior to morality. The current paper responds to these objections by developing the theory of Ludic Constructivism.Constructivist theories such as (...)
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  15.  25
    Ethical Investing: The Permissibility of Participation.Avery Kolers - 2001 - Journal of Political Philosophy 9 (4):435–452.
    Ethical investing is all the rage. Unfortunately, excitement about it has outpaced plausible philosophical discussions. This article asks and answers two questions: “What counts as investment?”, and “What moral choices do investors have?”. I answer the first question broadly. Investment is pervasive in our economy, and by participating we share responsibility for corporate practices. These facts lead to an “austere conclusion”: short of outright withdrawal from the standard forms of investment, we have little hope of avoiding participation in immoral activities. (...)
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  16.  37
    Parenthood and Procreation.Tim Bayne & Avery Kolers - forthcoming - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  17.  14
    Social Movements.Avery Kolers - 2016 - Philosophy Compass 11 (10):580-590.
    Social movements are ubiquitous in political life. But what are they? What makes someone a member of a social movement, or some action an instance of movement activity? Are social movements compatible with democracy? Are they required for it? And how should individuals respond to movement calls to action? Philosophers have had much to say on issues impinging on social movements but much less to say on social movements as such. The current article provides a philosophical overview of social movements. (...)
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  18.  21
    The Lockean Efficiency Argument and Aboriginal Land Rights.Avery Kolers - 2000 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 78 (3):391 – 404.
  19.  33
    Subsidiarity, Secession, and Cosmopolitan Democracy.Avery Kolers - 2006 - Social Theory and Practice 32 (4):659-669.
  20.  10
    Resilience as a Political Ideal.Avery Kolers - 2016 - Ethics, Policy and Environment 19 (1):91-107.
    “Resilience” is booming. No longer a mere metaphor or abstract reference to dispositional properties, the resilience of communities or social-ecological systems is increasingly grounded in specific first-order properties. Consequently, resilience now constitutes a contentful and achievable partial conception of a good society. Yet political philosophers have taken little notice. The current article first discerns within recent social-scientific literature a set of attainable and measurable first-order properties that constitute “community resilience” or “ecological resilience.” Then, specifying “resilience” as the resilience of high-HDI (...)
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  21.  10
    Resilient Life: The Art of Living Dangerously Brad Evans and Julian Reid Cambridge, Uk and Malden, Mass: Polity Press, 2014; XVIII + 240 Pp.; $76.95 , $26.95 , $21.99. [REVIEW]Avery Kolers - 2015 - Dialogue 54 (4):803-805.
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  22.  21
    Book Review. [REVIEW]Avery Kolers - 2006 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 27 (5):463-470.
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  23.  1
    Solidarity as Environmental Justice in Brownfields Remediation.Avery Kolers - forthcoming - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy:1-16.
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  24.  8
    Courtney S. Campbell, Ph. D., is Professor and Director, Program for Ethics, Science, and the Environment, Department of Philosophy, Oregon State Uni-Versity, Corvallis, Oregon. Jean E. Chambers, Ph. D., is Associate Professor in the Philosophy Department of the State University of New York, Oswego. She is Currently Working On. [REVIEW]John Harris, Bryan Hilliard, Søren Holm, Kenneth V. Iserson, Avery Kolers, Greg Loeben, Peter Montague & John C. Moskop - 2003 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 12:329-330.
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  25.  11
    Democracy in a Global World.Avery Kolers - 2009 - Social Theory and Practice 35 (1):141-147.
    Review of Democracy in a Global World, ed. by Deen K. Chatterjee.
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  26.  10
    Book Notes. [REVIEW]Bettina G. Bergo, Bernard Boxill, Matthew B. Crawford, Patrick Croskery, Michael J. Degnan, Paul Graham, Kenneth Kipnis, Avery H. Kolers, Henry S. Richardson & David S. Weberman - 2002 - Ethics 112 (4):884-889.
  27.  6
    Confronting Injustice: Moral History and Political Theory Lyons David Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013; 240 Pp.; $55.00. [REVIEW]Avery Kolers - 2014 - Dialogue 53 (2):352-354.
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  28.  21
    A Moral Theory of Solidarity.Avery Kolers - 2016 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Accounts of solidarity typically defend it in teleological or loyalty terms, justifying it by invoking its goal of promoting justice or its expression of support for a shared community. Such solidarity seems to be a moral option rather than an obligation. In contrast, A Moral Theory of Solidarity develops a deontological theory grounded in equity. With extended reflection on the Spanish conquest of the Americas and the US Civil Rights movement, Kolers defines solidarity as political action on others' terms. Unlike (...)
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  29. Democracy in a Global World: Human Rights and Political Participation in the 21st Century. [REVIEW]Avery Kolers - 2009 - Social Theory and Practice 35 (1):141-147.
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  30. Land, Conflict, and Justice: A Political Theory of Territory.Avery Kolers - 2011 - Cambridge University Press.
    Territorial disputes have defined modern politics, but political theorists and philosophers have said little about how to resolve such disputes fairly. Is it even possible to do so? If historical attachments or divine promises are decisive, it may not be. More significant than these largely subjective claims are the ways in which people interact with land over time. Building from this insight, Avery Kolers evaluates existing political theories and develops an attractive alternative. He presents a novel link between political legitimacy (...)
     
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