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Avrum Stroll [94]Avrumed Stroll [1]
  1.  25
    Twentieth-Century Analytic Philosophy.Avrum Stroll - 2000 - Cambridge University Press.
    Analytic philosophy is difficult to define since it is not so much a specific doctrine as a loose concatenation of approaches to problems. As well as having strong ties to scientism -the notion that only the methods of the natural sciences give rise to knowledge -it also has humanistic ties to the great thinkers and philosophical problems of the past. Moreover, no single feature characterizes the activities of analytic philosophers. Undaunted by these difficulties, Avrum Stroll investigates the "family resemblances" between (...)
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  2. Moore and Wittgenstein on Certainty.Avrum Stroll - 1994 - Oxford University Press.
    Ludwig Wittgenstein's On Certainty was finished just before his death in 1951 and is a running commentary on three of G.E. Moore's greatest epistemological papers. In the early 1930s, Moore had written a lengthy commentary on Wittgenstein, anticipating some of the issues Wittgenstein would discuss in On Certainty. The philosophical relationship between these two great philosophers and their overlapping, but nevertheless differing, views is the subject of this book. Both defended the existence of certainty and thus opposed any form of (...)
  3.  49
    The Role of Surfaces in an Ecological Theory of Perception.Avrum Stroll - 1986 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 46 (3):437-453.
  4. Much Ado About Nonexistence: Fiction and Reference.Avrum Stroll - 2007 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Fiction, Reference, and Nonexistence contains a new, contemporary theory of fiction and discusses the connection between language and reality. Martinich and Stroll, two of America's leading philosophers, explore fiction and undertake an analytic philosophical study of fiction and its reference, and its relation to truth.
     
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  5.  21
    Surfaces.Avrum Stroll - 1988
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  6. Moore and Wittgenstein on Certainty.Avrum Stroll - 1994 - Philosophy 70 (273):466-469.
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  7. Wittgenstein.Avrum Stroll - 2002
     
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  8.  29
    Counting Surfaces.Avrum Stroll - 1987 - American Philosophical Quarterly 24 (1):97 - 101.
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  9.  84
    Proper Names, Names, and Fictive Objects.Avrum Stroll - 1998 - Journal of Philosophy 95 (10):522.
  10.  12
    Normative Discourse.Avrum Stroll - 1963 - Philosophical Review 72 (2):255.
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  11.  49
    Two Conceptions of Surfaces.Avrum Stroll - 1979 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 4 (1):277-291.
  12. Wittgenstein and Scepticism.Avrum Stroll - 2005 - Mind 114 (455):757-760.
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  13.  40
    Four Comments on Russell's Theory of Deceptions.Avrum Stroll - 1978 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 8 (1):147-155.
    In his article, “Stroll on Russell's ‘Proof’”, Robert Fahrnkopf takes issue with four comments I made about Russell's theory of descriptions in a paper, “Russell's ‘Proof,’” which appeared in the June 1975 issue of this Journal. Though I disagree with Fahrnkopf on the points in question, there would be no point in washing our private conceptual linen in a public place were it not for the ingenious and highly original suggestions he makes in his defense of Russell. I think some (...)
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  14. Reminiscences.Rudolf Arnheim, Charles Gauss, Richard Kuhns, Avrum Stroll, Selma Jeanne Cohen, Gordon Epperson, Arnold Berleant, Hilde Hein & Charles Hartshorne - 1993 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 51 (2):279-289.
  15. 'True' and Truth.Avrum Stroll & Henry Alexander - 1975 - Philosophy of Science 42 (4):384-410.
    In Parts I, II, and III of the paper, the authors show that an argument essential to Alan White's defense of the Correspondence Theory of truth is unsuccessful. They argue that some of the premises of White's argument are false, and others incoherent. They show, further, that certain widely accepted assumptions in the philosophy of language, which underlie White's argument, must also be abandoned. In Part IV, they attempt to say something new about 'true', 'false', truth and falsity, and related (...)
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  16.  25
    A Defense of Same-Sex Marriage.Avrum Stroll - 2009 - Public Affairs Quarterly 23 (4):343-355.
    In reply to Jeremy Garrett's criticism of my paper in the July 2009 issue of Public Affairs Quarterly, I, first, clarify my view of the proper status of same-sex marriage in a liberal society. I, second, defend my claim that moral disapprobation of homosexuality may be a legitimate, nondiscriminatory reason for denying same-sex couples the benefits and protections of the marriage license. Finally, I criticize the view that, as long as marriage is viewed as a contract to be entered into (...)
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  17.  39
    Justus Hartnack, "Wittgenstein and Modern Philosophy"; David Favrholdt, "An Interpretation and Critique of Wittgenstein's Tractatus". [REVIEW]Avrum Stroll - 1967 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 5 (2):190.
  18.  68
    The Fragility of Moral Principles.Avrum Stroll - 1998 - Topoi 17 (2):137-147.
    According to a widely accepted conceptual model, principles play essential roles in moral reasoning: it is asserted that they hold universally and cannot be avoided in the justification of human action and belief. This paper challenges that view. It argues that, though some principles play such substantive roles, most do not. They can be characterized instead as being fragile or defeasible, i.e., they are capable of being weakened, voided or undone. The claim is made that it is the pressures exerted (...)
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  19. Philosophy.Richard Henry Popkin & Avrum Stroll - 1993
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  20.  34
    Tom Regan, "Bloomsbury's Prophet. G. E. Moore and the Development of His Moral Philosophy". [REVIEW]Avrum Stroll - 1988 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 26 (3):504.
  21.  7
    Realms of Value.Avrum Stroll - 1954 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 13 (1):111-111.
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  22. Wittgenstein and the Dream Hypothesis.Avrum Stroll - 2009 - Philosophia 37 (4):681-690.
    The paper deals with Wittgenstein’s treatment of radical skepticism. He holds from his earliest work to his last that skepticism is senseless and therefore no rebuttal, such as G.E. Moore offered, is necessary.
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  23.  24
    Some Different Ways That Things Stand Fast for Us.Avrum Stroll - 1984 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 22 (1):69-89.
    Foundationalism, the idea that there is a basic kind of knowledge which is ground-level and hence beyond proof or justification, is one of the oldest themes in philosophy. It has been held by such great philosophers as Plato, Aristotle, Descartes, Locke, Wittgenstein and Moore inter alia\ but exactly what they mean by "foundationalism" is seldom carefully or fully articulated. This paper attempts to give such an explication. It holds that a foundationalist theory must satisfy at least nine conditions, vagueness, stratification, (...)
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  24.  62
    Descriptions Again.Avrum Stroll - 1973 - Analysis 34 (1):27 - 28.
  25.  14
    Observation and the Hidden.Avrum Stroll - 1991 - Dialectica 45 (2‐3):165-179.
    SummaryA new form of expiricism has developed recently which drives a wedge between the principles that science alone will provide a true account of reality and that any such account must be grounded in observation. These empiricists hold firm to the first principle, but have qualified adherence to the second. Using arguments like Putnam's Twin Earth scenario, they contend that a search for reality must go beneath the observable to find the microstructure of substances . Their arguments are fallacious and (...)
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  26. Did My Genes Make Me Do It? And Other Philosophical Dilemmas.Avrum Stroll - 2004
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  27.  54
    What Water Is or Back to Thales.Avrum Stroll - 1989 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 14 (1):258-274.
  28. Epistemology.Avrum Stroll - 1967 - New York: Harper & Row.
     
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  29.  25
    Seeing Surfaces.Avrum Stroll - 1986 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 10 (1):379-398.
  30.  24
    That Puzzle We Call the Mind.Avrum Stroll - 1993 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 44 (1):189-210.
    The human mind remains a mystery despite the best efforts of philosophers to understand it. Each person knows that he/she has a mind, regards it as something internal, and is aware of its operations. Yet nobody knows what it is. The reason why the mind is so puzzling turns on three of its features: its invisibility while operating, the unique access which its proprietor has to it, and the inability to give a clear meaning to the polar notions of 'internal-external' (...)
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  31.  56
    Reflections on Surfaces.Avrum Stroll - 1992 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 22 (2):191-210.
    Can there be a first-order, philosophical or psychological theory that explains all the facts of surface perception? By ‘first-order’ I mean a theory about the constituents of what J.J. Gibson called ‘the ecological environment’; and by ‘surface perception,’ I mean the perception of the surfaces of any of those ecological constituents that have surfaces. The question about surfaces is important for two reasons. First, as we shall see, they are complex features and, as such, provide a difficult test case for (...)
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  32.  60
    Review of Hans-Johann Glock (Ed.), Wittgenstein and Analytic Philosophy: Essays for P.M.S. Hacker. [REVIEW]Avrum Stroll - 2010 - Philosophical Quarterly 60 (241):865-867.
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  33.  11
    Sketches of Landscapes: Philosophy by Example.Avrum Stroll - 1997 - Bradford.
    Avrum Stroll accepts the ancient tradition that one of the tasks of philosophy is to give an accurate account of the world's features, both animate and inanimate. But, he contends, because these features are inexhaustibly complex, no single theory or conceptual model can provide a complete account. Stroll's approach is piecemeal and example-oriented. In stressing the importance of examples, his work runs counter to one of the most powerful and seductive ways of thinking about the world--the Platonic tradition, which denigrates (...)
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  34.  28
    On Surfaces: A Rejoinder.Avrum Stroll - 1989 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 32 (2):223 – 231.
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  35.  57
    The Paradox of the First Person Singular Pronoun.Avrum Stroll - 1963 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 6 (1-4):217 – 233.
  36.  6
    Primordial Knowledge and Rationality.Avrum Stroll - 1982 - Dialectica 36 (2‐3):179-201.
    SummaryThe author argues that there is a kind of knowledge which is fundamental or basic in the sense that it is certain, is not open to justification or doubt, and yet is – in a certain sense – based upon experience. The paper attempts to give a characterization of such knowledge, in particular showing how it differs from straightforward examples of empirical knowledge. The author's views resemble those of Wittgenstein in Über Gewissheit, but unlike Wittgenstein, he holds that such knowledge (...)
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  37.  58
    Broadened Logic.Avrum Stroll - 2003 - Topoi 22 (1):93-104.
    The early formal logicians (Frege, Russell, Peano et al.) were worried about differentiating logic from psychology. As a result, they interpreted logic in the most abstract way possible: as a theory about inference patterns whose terms lacked descriptive content. Such a theory was also acontextual. What they did not realize was that psychological concepts like expecting someone, doubting, pain etc. each had their own logic, a logic that had two features: it was contextually oriented and its concepts had a restricted (...)
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  38.  11
    Russell's "Proof".Avrum Stroll - 1975 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 4 (4):653 - 662.
    In this paper, I wish to revisit some familiar terrain, namely an argument that occurs in many of Russell's writings on the theory of descriptions and which he repeatedly describes as a “proof.” For the past two decades this argument has been the subject of considerable philosophical controversy. The prevailing view has been that it is invalid. Leonard Linsky, for instance, maintains that it is circular, while Peter Geach, W.V.O. Quine, and Alan White have argued that it equivocates on two (...)
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  39.  27
    Essays in Ontology.Avrum Stroll - 1964 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 2 (2):285-287.
  40.  32
    The Liar: What Paradox? [REVIEW]Avrum Stroll - 1988 - Argumentation 2 (1):63-75.
    Most philosophers believe that the Liar Paradox is semantical in character, and arises from difficulties in the predicate “true.” The author argues that the paradox is pragmatic, not semantic, and arises from violations of essential conditions that define statement-making speech acts. The author shows that his solution to the paradox will not only handle the classical Liar sentences that are “necessarily” or “intrinsically” paradoxical, but also sets of Kripke-sentences that are “contingently” paradoxical.
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  41.  35
    Deconstruction as Analytic Philosophy.Avrum Stroll - 2004 - International Studies in Philosophy 36 (1):358-360.
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  42.  5
    Wittgenstein's Nose.Avrum Stroll - 1989 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 33 (1):395-413.
    J.J. Gibson claims that one who is looking at Niagara Falls is seeing it directly, whereas one who is looking at a picture of Niagara Falls is seeing it indirectly or mediately. Gibson's cognitivist critics claim that all perception is mediated and that "external objects" are never seen directly. Each side takes the debate to be a scientific issue. But following Wittgenstein's "nose" for detecting philosophical intrusions into what do not appear to be philosophical debates, the author shows how such (...)
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  43.  11
    On the First Flowering of Frege's Reputation.Avrum Stroll - 1966 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 4 (1):72-81.
  44.  24
    Moore's Proof of an External World.Avrum Stroll - 1979 - Dialectica 33 (3‐4):379-397.
    SummaryThere is an enormous literature on Moore's so‐called “proof”per se, but practically nothing has been written on the distinctions upon which the proof is bases, such as “being presented in space” and “being met with in space”. These are crucial to the argument, since Moore wishes to draw the line between the external and internal world via such distinctions. The author argues that these distinctions themselves crucially depend on a point that Moore does not argue for, but assumes, namely that (...)
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  45.  31
    Presupposing, Existence, and the Language of Fiction.Avrum Stroll - 1972 - Studi Internazionali Di Filosofia 4:51-66.
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  46.  34
    The Phenomenalistic Interpretation of Kant's Theory of Knowledge.Paul Marhenke & Avrumed Stroll - 1964 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 2 (1):47-59.
  47.  22
    Is Everyday Language Inconsistent?Avrum Stroll - 1954 - Mind 63 (250):219-225.
  48.  35
    Censorship, Models and Self-Government.Avrum Stroll - 1967 - Journal of Value Inquiry 1 (2):81-95.
  49.  28
    Foundationalism and Common Sense.Avrum Stroll - 1987 - Philosophical Investigations 10 (4):279-298.
    The paper attempts to do two things: (1) to give a detailed account of what conditions must be satisfied by theories that hold some knowledge to be more fundamental than the rest, And (2) it asks, And answers affirmatively, Whether there is such a foundationalist account in wittgenstein's "on certainty".
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  50.  14
    Truth‐Bearers, Propositions and the Problem of Universals.Avrum Stroll - 1976 - Dialectica 30 (1):17-34.
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