Results for 'Aynat Rubinstein'

210 found
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  1.  12
    Gradable Possibility and Epistemic Comparison.Elena Herburger & Aynat Rubinstein - 2019 - Journal of Semantics 36 (1):165-191.
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  2.  18
    On Necessity and Comparison.Aynat Rubinstein - 2014 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 95 (4):512-554.
    The ability to compare possibilities and designate some as ‘better’ than others is a fundamental aspect of our use of modals and propositional attitude verbs. This article aims to support a proposal by Sloman that certain modal expressions, in particular, ought, in fact have a more pronounced comparative backbone than others . The connection between ‘ought’ and ‘better’ is supported by linguistic data and a proposal is advanced for modeling ideals in a way that makes room for non-comparative, strong, priority-type (...)
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  3.  23
    Lecture Notes in Microeconomic Theory: The Economic Agent.Ariel Rubinstein - 2012 - Princeton University Press.
    This book presents Ariel Rubinstein's lecture notes for the first part of his well-known graduate course in microeconomics.
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  4. Economics and Language: Five Essays.Ariel Rubinstein - 2000 - Cambridge University Press.
    Arising out of the author's lifetime fascination with the links between the formal language of mathematical models and natural language, this short book comprises five essays investigating both the economics of language and the language of economics. Ariel Rubinstein touches the structure imposed on binary relations in daily language, the evolutionary development of the meaning of words, game-theoretical considerations of pragmatics, the language of economic agents and the rhetoric of game theory. These short essays are full of challenging ideas (...)
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  5. From Ecclesiastes to Simone Weil: Varieties of Philosophical Spirituality.Ernest Rubinstein - 2014 - Fairleigh Dickinson University Press.
    This book reads major philosophers from the Western philosophical canon and beyond for the spirituality implicit in their metaphysics, epistemology, ethics, aesthetics, and logic. Ernest Rubinstein revives for the modern reader the spiritual import of philosophy as an area of inquiry and study.
     
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  6.  88
    Modeling Bounded Rationality.Ariel Rubinstein - unknown
    p. cm. — (Zeuthen lecture book series) Includes bibliographical references (p. ) and index. ISBN 0-262-18187-8 (hardcover : alk. paper). — ISBN 0-262-68100-5 (pbk. : alk. paper) 1. Decision-making. 2. Economic man. 3. Game theory. 4. Rational expectations (Economic theory) I. Title. II. Series.
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  7.  23
    Reducing Implicit Racial Preferences: II. Intervention Effectiveness Across Time.Calvin K. Lai, Allison L. Skinner, Erin Cooley, Sohad Murrar, Markus Brauer, Thierry Devos, Jimmy Calanchini, Y. Jenny Xiao, Christina Pedram, Christopher K. Marshburn, Stefanie Simon, John C. Blanchar, Jennifer A. Joy-Gaba, John Conway, Liz Redford, Rick A. Klein, Gina Roussos, Fabian M. H. Schellhaas, Mason Burns, Xiaoqing Hu, Meghan C. McLean, Jordan R. Axt, Shaki Asgari, Kathleen Schmidt, Rachel Rubinstein, Maddalena Marini, Sandro Rubichi, Jiyun-Elizabeth L. Shin & Brian A. Nosek - 2016 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 145 (8):1001-1016.
  8.  49
    Comments On the Interpretation of Game Theory.Ariel Rubinstein - unknown
    The paper is a discussion of the interpretation of game theory. Game theory is viewed as an abstract inquiry into the concepts used in social reasoning when dealing with situations of conflict and not as an attempt to predict behavior. The first half of the paper..
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  9.  41
    On the Interpretation of Decision Problems with Imperfect Recall.Michele Piccione & Ariel Rubinstein - manuscript
    We argue that in extensive decision problems (extensive games with a single player) with imperfect recall care must be taken in interpreting information sets and strategies. Alternative interpretations allow for different kinds of analysis. We address the following issues: 1. randomization at information sets; 2. consistent beliefs; 3. time consistency of optimal plans; 4. the multiselves approach to decision making. We illustrate our discussion through an example that we call the ‘‘paradox of the absentminded driver.’’ Journal of Economic Literature Classification (...)
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  10.  30
    A Sceptic's Comment on the Study of Economics.Ariel Rubinstein - manuscript
    A survey was carried out among two groups of undergraduate economics students and four groups of students in mathematics, law, philosophy and business administration. The main survey question involved a conflict between profit maximisation and the welfare of the workers who would be fired to achieve it. Significant differences were found between the choices of the groups. The results were reinforced by a survey conducted among readers of an Israeli business newspaper and PhD students of Harvard. It is argued that (...)
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  11.  5
    Statistical Learning is Constrained to Less Abstract Patterns in Complex Sensory Input.Lauren L. Emberson & Dani Y. Rubinstein - 2016 - Cognition 153:63-78.
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  12. A Model of Choice From Lists.Ariel Rubinstein - unknown
    The standard economic choice model assumes that the decision maker chooses from sets of alternatives. In contrast, we analyze a choice model in which the decision maker encounters the alternatives in the form of a list. We present two axioms similar in nature to the classical axioms of choice from sets. We show that they characterize all the choice functions from lists that involve the choice of either the first or the last optimal alternative in the list according to some (...)
     
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  13. Judging the Other: Responding to Traditional Female Genital Surgeries.Sandra D. Lane & Robert A. Rubinstein - 1996 - Hastings Center Report 26 (3):31-40.
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  14.  33
    Instinctive and Cognitive Reasoning: A Study of Response Times.Ariel Rubinstein - manuscript
    Lecture audiences and students were asked to respond to virtual decision and game situations at gametheory.tau.ac.il. Several thousand observations were collected and the response time for each answer was recorded. There were significant differences in response time across responses. It is suggested that choices made instinctively, that is, on the basis of an emotional response, require less response time than choices that require the use of cognitive reasoning.
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  15.  19
    On the Interpretation of Decision Problems with Imperfect Recall.Ariel Rubinstein - unknown
    This paper is an examination of some modelling problems regarding imperfect recall within the model of extensive games. It is argued that, if the assumption of perfect recall is violated, care must be taken in interpreting the main elements of the model. Interpretations that are inconsequential under perfect recall have important implications in the analysis of games with imperfect recall.
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  16.  47
    Comments on Neuroeconomics.Ariel Rubinstein - 2008 - Economics and Philosophy 24 (3):485-494.
    Neuroeconomics is examined critically using data on the response times of subjects who were asked to express their preferences in the context of the Allais Paradox. Different patterns of choice are found among the fast and slow responders. This suggests that we try to identify types of economic agents by the time they take to make their choices. Nevertheless, it is argued that it is far from clear if and how neuroeconomics will change economics.
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  17.  10
    The Enemy as a Patient: What Can Be Learned From the Emotional Experience of Physicians and Why Does It Matter Ethically?Gil Rubinstein & Miriam Ethel Bentwich - 2017 - Developing World Bioethics 17 (2):100-111.
    This qualitative research examines the influence of animosity on physicians during clinical encounters and its ethical implications. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with ten Israeli-Jewish physicians: four treated Syrians and six treated Palestinian terrorists/Hezbollah militants or Palestinian civilians. An interpretive phenomenological analysis was used to uncover main themes in these interviews. Whereas the majority of physicians stated they are obligated to treat any patient, physicians who treated Syrians exhibited stronger emotional expression and implicit empathy, while less referring to the presence of (...)
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  18. Translating Good Science Into Good Policy: The Us Factor.Ellis Rubinstein - 2006 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 73 (3):1043-1048.
    Scientists and science policy experts understandably wring their hands about the politicization of science and the failure of the general public to recognize good science from bad, good policy from bad. This concern is not new to the scientific community. But the frustration factor is exacerbated by the rising stakes of science illiteracy and politicization in a world in which science plays an increasingly integral part. That said, the usual reaction among the outraged is to scapegoat one or another societal (...)
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  19.  8
    Reduction of Routine Radiographs in the Follow-Up of Distal Radius and Ankle Fractures: Barriers and Facilitators Perceived by Orthopaedic Trauma Surgeons.Pieter van Gerven, Leti van Bodegom-Vos, Nikki L. Weil, Jasper van den Berg, Sidney M. Rubinstein, Marco F. Termaat, Pieta Krijnen, Maurits W. van Tulder & Inger B. Schipper - forthcoming - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice.
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  20.  39
    A Theorist's View of Experiments.Ariel Rubinstein - manuscript
    The paper springs from a position that economic theory is an abstract investigation of the concepts and considerations involved in real life economic decision making rather than a tool for predicting or describing real behavior. It is argued that when experimental economics is motivated by theory, it should not look to verify the predictions of theory but instead should focus on verifying that the considerations contained in the economic model are sound and in common use. It is argued that when (...)
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  21.  32
    Dilemmas of an Economic Theorist.Ariel Rubinstein - manuscript
    What on earth are economic theorists like me trying to accomplish? This paper discusses four dilemmas encountered by an economic theorist: The dilemma of absurd conclusions: Should we abandon a model if it produces absurd conclusions or should we regard a model as a very limited set of assumptions that will inevitably fail in some contexts? The dilemma of responding to evidence: Should our models be judged according to experimental results? The dilemma of modelless regularities: Should models provide the hypothesis (...)
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  22.  23
    A Study in the Pragmatics of Persuasion: A Game Theoretical Approach.Jacob Glazer & Ariel Rubinstein - unknown
    A speaker wishes to persuade a listener to take a certain action. The conditions under which the request is justified, from the listener’s point of view, depend on the state of the world, which is known only to the speaker. Each state is characterized by a set of statements from which the speaker chooses. A persuasion rule specifies which statements the listener finds persuasive. We study persuasion rules that maximize the probability that the listener accepts the request if and only (...)
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  23. The Beginnings of Political Thought in Florence. A Study in Mediaeval Historiography.Nicolai Rubinstein - 1942 - Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 5:198-227.
  24.  22
    Immigration and Refugee Crises in Fourth-Century Greece: An Athenian Perspective.Lene Rubinstein - 2018 - The European Legacy 23 (1-2):5-24.
    The fourth-century B.C. was a period during which a large number of Greek cities were affected by civil wars, military conquests, and destruction, with the displacement of large numbers of men, women and children as a result. This has implications for the modern debate on Athenian attitudes to immigration, which normally focuses on just two groups of free non-citizens: adult, able-bodied men who moved to Athens voluntarily to take advantage of the city’s economic opportunities and on the free non-citizen population (...)
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  25.  2
    Reduction of Routine Radiographs in the Follow‐Up of Distal Radius and Ankle Fractures: Barriers and Facilitators Perceived by Orthopaedic Trauma Surgeons.Pieter Gerven, Leti Bodegom‐Vos, Nikki L. Weil, Jasper Berg, Sidney M. Rubinstein, Marco F. Termaat, Pieta Krijnen, Maurits W. Tulder & Inger B. Schipper - 2019 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 25 (2):265-274.
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  26.  94
    Political Ideas in Sienese Art: The Frescoes by Ambrogio Lorenzetti and Taddeo di Bartolo in the Palazzo Pubblico.Nicolai Rubinstein - 1958 - Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 21 (3/4):179-207.
  27.  55
    Tracking Decision Makers Under Uncertainty.Amos Arieli & Ariel Rubinstein - unknown
    Eye tracking is used to investigate human choice procedures. We infer from eye movement patterns in choice problems where the deliberation process is clear to deliberations in problems of choice between two lotteries. The results indicate that participants tend to compare prizes and probabilities separately. The data provide little support for the hypothesis that decision makers use an expected utility type of calculation exclusively. This is particularly true when the calculations involved in comparing the lotteries are complicated.
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  28.  66
    (A, F ) Choice with Frames.Ariel Rubinstein - manuscript
    We develop a framework for modeling choice in the presence of framing effects. An extended choice function assigns a chosen element to every pair (A, f ) where A is a set of alternatives and f is a frame. A frame includes observable information that is irrelevant in the rational assessment of the alternatives, but nonetheless affects choice. We relate the new framework to the classical model of choice correspondence. Conditions are identified under which there exists either a transitive or (...)
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  29.  27
    New Directions in Economic Theory- Bounded Rationality.Ariel Rubinstein - unknown
    Resumert Este trabajo presenta varios modelos que destacan el contraste entre las teorias de la decision y de los juegos, por una parte, y la intuicidn y los datos empiricos y experimentales, por otra. Estos ejemplos estimulan la adopcion del punto de vista de la ra-.
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  30.  42
    On the Question "Who is a J?"* A Social Choice Approach.Ariel Rubinstein - manuscript
    The determination of “who is a J” within a society is treated as an aggregation of the views of the members of the society regarding this question. Methods, similar to those used in Social Choice theory are applied to axiomatize three criteria for determining who is a J: 1) a J is whoever defines oneself to be a J. 2) a J is whoever a “dictator” determines is a J. 3) a J is whoever an “oligarchy” of individuals agrees is (...)
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  31.  13
    Language Games and Natural Reactions.David Rubinstein - 2004 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 34 (1):55–71.
    Ludwig Wittgenstein imagines a variety of eccentric social practices—like a tribe trained “to give no expression of feeling of any kind”. But he also speaks of “the common behavior of mankind” that is rooted in “natural/primitive reactions”. This emphasis on the uniformities of human behavior raises questions about the plausibility of some of his imagined language games. Indeed, it suggests the claim of evolutionary psychologists that there are biologically based human universals that shape social practices. But in contrast to E.O. (...)
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  32.  35
    Discussion of “Behavioral Economics”.Ariel Rubinstein - manuscript
    For me, economics is a collection of ideas and conventions which economists accept and use to reason with. Namely, it is a culture. Behavioral economics represents a transformation of that culture. Nonetheless, as pointed out by Camerer and Loewenstein (2003), its methods are pretty much the same as those introduced by the Game Theory revolution. At the core of most models in Behavioral Economics there are still agents who maximize a preference relation over some space of consequences and the solution (...)
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  33.  24
    Freak-Freakonomics.Ariel Rubinstein - manuscript
    New York University. He is the recipient of the Bruno Prize (2000), the Israel Prize (2002), the Nemmers Prize (2004).
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  34.  14
    The Concept of Action in the Social Sciences.D. Rubinstein - 1977 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 7 (2):209–236.
  35.  22
    The Concept of Justice in Sociology.David Rubinstein - 1988 - Theory and Society 17 (4):527-550.
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  36.  56
    Q1. I Am Desperate. I Don't Have Any Ideas for My Dissertation. What Should I.Ariel Rubinstein - unknown
    Let me start with what you should not do. Do not attend too many seminars in your own field. Otherwise you may simply end up adding a comment to the existing literature, which is mostly made up of comments on previous comments which were themselves only marginal comments. If you want a good idea, look at the world around you or take courses in other disciplines. Some of the papers in my own dissertation (like my 1979 paper on a principal-agent (...)
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  37.  15
    Safe Takeoffs—Soft Landings.Douglas L. Medin, Woo-Kyoung Ahn, Jeffrey Bettger, Judy Florian, Robert Goldstone, Mary Lassaline, Arthur Markman, Joshua Rubinstein & Edward Wisniewski - 1990 - Cognitive Science 14 (1):169-178.
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  38.  56
    Colonel Blotto's Top Secret Files.Ariel Rubinstein - unknown
    Colonel Blotto “secret files” are opened and Information about the way that people play the game is revealed. The files rely on web-based experiments, which involve a tournament version of the Colonel Blotto Game. A total of 6,500 subjects from two diverse populations participated in the tournaments. The results are analyzed in light of a novel procedure of multi-dimensional iterative reasoning. According to the procedure, a player decides separately about different features of his strategy using iterative reasoning. Measuring the response (...)
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  39. Sellars' Philosophy of Mind.Eric M. Rubinstein - 2006 - Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  40. The Letters of Medici, Lorenzo, de and of the Medici Bank-Problems of Authorship.Nicolai Rubinstein - 1982 - Rinascimento 22:277-279.
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  41.  21
    The Reasonable Man? A Social Choice Approach.Ariel Rubinstein - 1983 - Theory and Decision 15 (2):151-159.
  42.  20
    BiDil in the Clinic: An Interdisciplinary Investigation of Physicians’ Prescription Patterns of a Race-Based Therapy.Koffi N. Maglo, Jack Rubinstein, Bin Huang & Richard F. Ittenbach - 2014 - Ajob Empirical Bioethics 5 (4):37-52.
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  43.  5
    Filmguide to "The General"Filmguide to "La Passion de Jeanne d'Arc"Filmguide to "The Rules of the Game"Filmguide to "The Grapes of Wrath"Filmguide to "Henry V"Filmguide to "Psycho"Filmguide to "The Battle of Algiers"Filmguide to "2001: A Space Odyssey".S. A. Selby, E. Rubinstein, David Bordwell, Gerald Mast, Warren French, Harry M. Geduld, James Naremore, Joan Mellen & Carolyn Geduld - 1975 - Journal of Aesthetic Education 9 (2):123.
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  44.  23
    Motives and Implementation: On the Design of Mechanisms to Elicit Opinions.Jacob Glazer & Ariel Rubinstein - unknown
    A number of experts receive noisy signals regarding a desirable public decision. The public target is to make the best possible decision on the basis of all the information held by the experts. We compare two ``cultures.'' In one, all experts are driven only by the public motive to increase the probability that the desirable action will be taken. In the second, each expert is also driven by a private motive: to have his recommendation accepted. We show that in the (...)
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  45.  35
    On Optimal Rules of Persuasion.Ariel Rubinstein - manuscript
    A speaker wishes to persuade a listener to accept a certain request. The conditions under which the request is justified, from the listener’s point of view, depend on the values of two aspects. The values of the aspects are known only to the speaker and the listener can check the value of at most one. A mechanism specifies a set of messages that the speaker can send and a rule that determines the listener’s response, namely, which aspect he checks and (...)
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  46.  37
    The Absent-Minded Driver's Paradox: Synthesis and Responses.Ariel Rubinstein - unknown
    from now on , was to point out that the model commonly used to describe . a decision problem with imperfect recall suffers from major ambiguities in its interpretation. We claimed that several issues which were immaterial in decision problems with perfect recall may be of importance in the analysis of decision problems with imperfect recall. The issues that we raised can be summarized by the following questions.
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  47.  20
    Marx and Wittgenstein: Social Praxis and Social Explanation.David Rubinstein - 1981 - Routledge & Kegan Paul.
  48.  17
    Eliciting Welfare Preferences From Behavioral Datasets.Ariel Rubinstein - unknown
    A behavioral dataset contains various preference orderings displayed by the same individual in different payoff-irrelevant circumstances. We introduce a framework for eliciting the individual’s underlying preferences in such cases, in which it is conjectured that the variation in the observed preference orderings is the outcome of some cognitive process that distorts the underlying preferences. We then demonstrate for two cognitive processes how to elicit the individual’s underlying preferences from behavioral datasets.
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  49.  15
    Wittgenstein and Science.David Rubinstein - 1979 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 9 (3):341-346.
  50.  19
    An Extensive Game as a Guide for Solving a Normal Game.Jacob Glazer & Ariel Rubinstein - unknown
    We show that for solvable games, the calculation of the strategies which survive iterative elimination of dominated strategies in normal games is equivalent to the calculation of the backward induction outcome of some extensive game. However, whereas the normal game form does not provide information on how to carry out the elimination, the corresponding extensive game does. As a by-product, we conclude that implementation using a subgame perfect equilibrium of an extensive game with perfect information is equivalent to implementation through (...)
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