Results for 'Aysha S. Keisler'

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  1.  46
    Unconscious Abstraction in Motor Learning.Aysha S. Keisler & Daniel T. Willingham - 2002 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (3):342-343.
    Given the complexity and generalizability of motor skills, it is difficult to account for learning in this area without incorporating the concept of unconscious abstraction. A model based solely on association does not seem to account for data in this domain; specifically, instances that require learners to execute a practiced motor skill in a novel situation.
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  2. The Kleene Symposium: Proceedings of the Symposium Held June 18-24, 1978 at Madison, Wisconsin, U.S.A.Stephen Cole Kleene, Jon Barwise, H. Jerome Keisler & Kenneth Kunen (eds.) - 1980 - Sole Distributors for the U.S.A. And Canada, Elsevier North-Holland.
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  3.  4
    Handbook of Mathematical Logic.Jon Barwise, H. J. Keisler, K. Kunen, Y. N. Moschovakis, A. S. Troelstra & J. R. Shoenfield - 1984 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 49 (3):971-975.
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  4.  5
    Handbook of Mathematical Logic.Jon Barwise, H. J. Keisler, K. Kunen, Y. N. Moschovakis & A. S. Troelstra - 1984 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 49 (3):968-971.
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  5.  3
    Handbook of Mathematical Logic.Jon Barwise, H. J. Keisler, K. Kunen, Y. N. Moschovakis & A. S. Troelstra - 1984 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 49 (3):980-988.
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  6.  3
    Handbook of Mathematical Logic.Jon Barwise, H. J. Keisler, K. Kunen, Y. N. Moschovakis & A. S. Troelstra - 1984 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 49 (3):975-980.
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  7.  8
    Realization of Φ -Types and Keisler’s Order.M. E. Malliaris - 2009 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 157 (2-3):220-224.
    We show that the analysis of Keisler’s order can be localized to the study of φ-types. Specifically, if is a regular ultrafilter on λ such that and M is a model whose theory is countable, then is λ+-saturated iff it realizes all φ-types of size λ.
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  8.  24
    Peter Aczel. Frege Structures and the Notions of Proposition, Truth and Set. The Kleene Symposium, Proceedings of the Symposium Held June 18–24, 1978 at Madison, Wisconsin, U.S.A., Edited by Jon Barwise, H. Jerome Keisler, and Kenneth Kunen, Studies in Logic and the Foundations of Mathematics, Vol. 101, North-Holland Publishing Company, Amsterdam, New York, and Oxford, 1980, Pp. 31–59. [REVIEW]William S. Hatcher - 1986 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 51 (1):244-246.
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  9.  23
    Handbook of Mathematical Logic, Edited by Barwise Jon with the Cooperation of Keisler H. J., Kunen K., Moschovakis Y. N., and Troelstra A. S., Studies in Logic and the Foundations of Mathematics, Vol. 90, North-Holland Publishing Company, Amsterdam, New York, and Oxford, 1978 , Xi + 1165 Pp.Smoryński C.. D.1. The Incompleteness Theorems. Pp. 821–865.Schwichtenberg Helmut. D.2. Proof Theory: Some Applications of Cut-Elimination. Pp. 867–895.Statman Richard. D.3. Herbrand's Theorem and Gentzen's Notion of a Direct Proof. Pp. 897–912.Feferman Solomon. D.4. Theories of Finite Type Related to Mathematical Practice. Pp. 913–971.Troelstra A. S.. D.5. Aspects of Constructive Mathematics. Pp. 973–1052.Fourman Michael P.. D.6. The Logic of Topoi. Pp. 1053–1090.Barendregt Henk P.. D.1. The Type Free Lambda Calculus. Pp. 1091–1132.Paris Jeff and Harrington Leo. D.8. A Mathematical Incompleteness in Peano Arithmetic. Pp. 1133–1142. [REVIEW]W. A. Howard - 1984 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 49 (3):980-988.
  10.  16
    Review: Jon Barwise, H. J. Keisler, K. Kunen, Y. N. Moschovakis, A. S. Troelstra, Handbook of Mathematical Logic. [REVIEW]Daniel Lascar - 1984 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 49 (3):968-971.
  11.  15
    Review: Jon Barwise, H. J. Keisler, K. Kunen, Y. N. Moschovakis, A. S. Troelstra, Handbook of Mathematical Logic; J. R. Shoenfield, B.1. Axioms of Set Theory. [REVIEW]Akihiro Kanamori - 1984 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 49 (3):971-975.
  12.  12
    Maitra A. And Ryll-Nardzewski C.. On the Existence of Two Analytic Non-Borel Sets Which Are Not Isomorphic. Bulletin de L'Académie Polonaise des Sciences, Série des Sciences Mathematiques, Astronomiques Et Physiques, Vol. 18 , Pp. 177–178.Mauldin R. Daniel. On Nonisomorphic Analytic Sets. Proceedings of the American Mathematical Society, Vol. 58 , Pp. 241–244.Hrbacek Karel. On the Complexity of Analytic Sets. Zeitschrift Für Mathematische Logik Und Grundlagen der Mathematik, Vol. 24 , Pp. 419–425.Hrbacek Karel and Simpson Stephen G.. On Kleene Degrees of Analytic Sets. The Kleene Symposium, Proceedings of the Symposium Held June 18–24, 1978 at Madison, Wisconsin, U.S.A., Edited by Barwise Jon, Keisler H. Jerome, and Kunen Kenneth, Studies in Logic and the Foundations of Mathematics, Vol. 101, North-Holland Publishing Company, Amsterdam, New York, and Oxford, 1980, Pp. 347–352.Harrington Leo. Analytic Determinacy and 0#. [REVIEW]Jacques Stern - 1984 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 49 (2):665-668.
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  13.  3
    Keisler’s Order is Not Linear, Assuming a Supercompact.Douglas Ulrich - 2018 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 83 (2):634-641.
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  14.  10
    Handbook of Mathematical Logic, Edited by Barwise Jon with the Cooperation of Keisler H. J., Kunen K., Moschovakis Y. N., and Troelstra A. S., Studies in Logic and the Foundations of Mathematics, Vol. 90, North-Holland Publishing Company, Amsterdam, New York, and Oxford, 1978 , Xi + 1165 Pp. [REVIEW]Akihiro Kanamori - 1984 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 49 (3):971-975.
  15.  10
    Handbook of Mathematical Logic, Edited by Barwise Jon with the Cooperation of Keisler H. J., Kunen K., Moschovakis Y. N., and Troelstra A. S., Studies in Logic and the Foundations of Mathematics, Vol. 90, North-Holland Publishing Company, Amsterdam, New York, and Oxford, 1978 , Xi + 1165 Pp. [REVIEW]Daniel Lascar - 1984 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 49 (3):968-971.
  16.  7
    Handbook of Mathematical Logic, Edited by Barwise Jon with the Cooperation of Keisler H. J., Kunen K., Moschovakis Y. N., and Troelstra A. S., Studies in Logic and the Foundations of Mathematics, Vol. 90, North-Holland Publishing Company, Amsterdam, New York, and Oxford, 1978 , Xi + 1165 Pp. [REVIEW]Sy D. Friedman - 1984 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 49 (3):975-980.
  17. Review: Jon Barwise, H. J. Keisler, K. Kunen, Y. N. Moschovakis, A. S. Troelstra, Handbook of Mathematical Logic. [REVIEW]Sy D. Friedman - 1984 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 49 (3):975-980.
  18. Review: Jon Barwise, H. J. Keisler, K. Kunen, Y. N. Moschovakis, A. S. Troelstra, Handbook of Mathematical Logic. [REVIEW]W. A. Howard - 1984 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 49 (3):980-988.
  19.  26
    Understanding the Brandenburger-Keisler Paradox.Eric Pacuit - 2007 - Studia Logica 86 (3):435-454.
    Adam Brandenburger and H. Jerome Keisler have recently discovered a two person Russell-style paradox. They show that the following configurations of beliefs is impossible: Ann believes that Bob assumes that Ann believes that Bob’s assumption is wrong. In [7] a modal logic interpretation of this paradox is proposed. The idea is to introduce two modal operators intended to represent the agents’ beliefs and assumptions. The goal of this paper is to take this analysis further and study this paradox from (...)
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  20.  6
    On Keisler Singular‐Like Models.Shahram Mohsenipour - 2008 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 54 (3):330-336.
    Keisler in [7] proved that for a strong limit cardinal κ and a singular cardinal λ, the transfer relation κ → λ holds. We analyze the λ -like models produced in the proof of Keisler's transfer theorem when κ is further assumed to be regular. Our main result shows that with this extra assumption, Keisler's proof can be modified to produce a λ -like model M with built-in Skolem functions that satisfies the following two properties: M is (...)
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  21.  17
    Some Initial Segments of the Rudin-Keisler Ordering.Andreas Blass - 1981 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 46 (1):147-157.
    A 2-affable ultrafilter has only finitely many predecessors in the Rudin-Keisler ordering of isomorphism classes of ultrafilters over the natural numbers. If the continuum hypothesis is true, then there is an ℵ 1 -sequence of ultrafilters D α such that the strict Rudin-Keisler predecessors of D α are precisely the isomorphs of the D β 's for $\beta.
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  22.  22
    Ultrafilters, Monotone Functions and Pseudocompactness.M. Hrušák, M. Sanchis & Á Tamariz-Mascarúa - 2004 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 44 (2):131-157.
    In this article we, given a free ultrafilter p on ω, consider the following classes of ultrafilters:(1) T(p) - the set of ultrafilters Rudin-Keisler equivalent to p,(2) S(p)={q ∈ ω*:∃ f ∈ ω ω , strictly increasing, such that q=f β (p)},(3) I(p) - the set of strong Rudin-Blass predecessors of p,(4) R(p) - the set of ultrafilters equivalent to p in the strong Rudin-Blass order,(5) P RB (p) - the set of Rudin-Blass predecessors of p, and(6) P RK (...)
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  23.  4
    Review: Peter Aczel, Jon Barwise, H. Jerome Keisler, Kenneth Kunen, Frege Structures and the Notions of Proposition, Truth and Set. [REVIEW]William S. Hatcher - 1986 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 51 (1):244-246.
  24. Fitch's Paradox and Level-Bridging Principles.Weng Kin San - forthcoming - Journal of Philosophy.
    Fitch’s Paradox shows that if every truth is knowable, then every truth is known. Standard diagnoses identify the factivity/negative infallibility of the knowledge operator and Moorean contradictions as the root source of the result. This paper generalises Fitch’s result to show that such diagnoses are mistaken. In place of factivity/negative infallibility, the weaker assumption of any ‘level-bridging principle’ suffices. A consequence is that the result holds for some logics in which the “Moorean contradiction” commonly thought to underlie the result is (...)
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  25.  19
    A Non-Standard Analysis of a Cultural Icon: The Case of Paul Halmos.Piotr Błaszczyk, Alexandre Borovik, Vladimir Kanovei, Mikhail G. Katz, Taras Kudryk, Semen S. Kutateladze & David Sherry - 2016 - Logica Universalis 10 (4):393-405.
    We examine Paul Halmos’ comments on category theory, Dedekind cuts, devil worship, logic, and Robinson’s infinitesimals. Halmos’ scepticism about category theory derives from his philosophical position of naive set-theoretic realism. In the words of an MAA biography, Halmos thought that mathematics is “certainty” and “architecture” yet 20th century logic teaches us is that mathematics is full of uncertainty or more precisely incompleteness. If the term architecture meant to imply that mathematics is one great solid castle, then modern logic tends to (...)
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  26. Salvaging Pascal’s Wager.Elizabeth Jackson & Andrew Rogers - 2019 - Philosophia Christi 21 (1):59-84.
    Many think that Pascal’s Wager is a hopeless failure. A primary reason for this is because a number of challenging objections have been raised to the wager, including the “many gods” objection and the “mixed strategy” objection. We argue that both objections are formal, but not substantive, problems for the wager, and that they both fail for the same reason. We then respond to additional objections to the wager. We show how a version of Pascalian reasoning succeeds, giving us a (...)
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  27. Kant on Moral Agency and Women's Nature.Mari Mikkola - 2011 - Kantian Review 16 (1):89-111.
    Some commentators have condemned Kant’s moral project from a feminist perspective based on Kant’s apparently dim view of women as being innately morally deficient. Here I will argue that although his remarks concerning women are unsettling at first glance, a more detailed and closer examination shows that Kant’s view of women is actually far more complex and less unsettling than that attributed to him by various feminist critics. My argument, then, undercuts the justification for the severe feminist critique of Kant’s (...)
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  28. Prisoner's Dilemma Doesn't Explain Much.Robert Northcott & Anna Alexandrova - 2015 - In Martin Peterson (ed.), The Prisoner’s Dilemma. Classic philosophical arguments. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 64-84.
    We make the case that the Prisoner’s Dilemma, notwithstanding its fame and the quantity of intellectual resources devoted to it, has largely failed to explain any phenomena of social scientific or biological interest. In the heart of the paper we examine in detail a famous purported example of Prisoner’s Dilemma empirical success, namely Axelrod’s analysis of WWI trench warfare, and argue that this success is greatly overstated. Further, we explain why this negative verdict is likely true generally and not just (...)
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  29.  20
    Beyond the Instinct-Inference Dichotomy: A Unified Interpretation of Peirce's Theory of Abduction.Mousa Mohammadian - 2019 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 55 (2):138.
    I examine and resolve an exegetical dichotomy between two main interpretations of Peirce’s theory of abduction, namely, the Generative Interpretation and the Pursuitworthiness Interpretation. According to the former, abduction is the instinctive process of generating explanatory hypotheses through a mental faculty called insight. According to the latter, abduction is a rule-governed procedure for determining the relative pursuitworthiness of available hypotheses and adopting the worthiest one for further investigation—such as empirical tests—based on economic considerations. It is shown that the Generative Interpretation (...)
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  30. Curry’s Paradox and Ω -Inconsistency.Andrew Bacon - 2013 - Studia Logica 101 (1):1-9.
    In recent years there has been a revitalised interest in non-classical solutions to the semantic paradoxes. In this paper I show that a number of logics are susceptible to a strengthened version of Curry's paradox. This can be adapted to provide a proof theoretic analysis of the omega-inconsistency in Lukasiewicz's continuum valued logic, allowing us to better evaluate which logics are suitable for a naïve truth theory. On this basis I identify two natural subsystems of Lukasiewicz logic which individually, but (...)
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  31.  61
    Females in Aristotle’s Embryology.Jessica Gelber - 2017 - In Andrea Falcon and David Lefebvre (ed.), Aristotle’s Generation of Animals: A Critical Guide. pp. 171-187.
    How does Aristotle view the production of females? The prevailing view is that Aristotle thinks female births are teleological failures of a process aiming to produce males. However, as I argue, that is not a view Aristotle ever expresses, and it blatantly contradicts what he does explicitly say about female births: Aristotle believes that females are and come to be for the sake of something, namely, reproduction. I argue that an alternative to that prevailing view, according to which the embryo’s (...)
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  32. The Good, the Bad, and the Badass: On the Descriptive Adequacy of Kant's Conception of Moral Evil.Mark Timmons - 2017 - In Significance and System: Essays on Kant's Ethics. New York, USA: pp. 293-330.
    This chapter argues for an interpretation of Kant's psychology of moral evil that accommodates the so-called excluded middle cases and allows for variations in the magnitude of evil. The strategy involves distinguishing Kant's transcendental psychology from his empirical psychology and arguing that Kant's character rigorism is restricted to the transcendental level. The chapter also explains how Kant's theory of moral evil accommodates 'the badass'; someone who does evil for evil's sake.
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  33.  56
    Pascal’s Wager and the Origins of Decision Theory: Decision-Making by Real Decision-Makers.James Franklin - 2018 - In Paul Bartha & Lawrence Pasternack (eds.), Pascal's Wager. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 27-44.
    Pascal’s Wager does not exist in a Platonic world of possible gods, abstract probabilities and arbitrary payoffs. Real decision-makers, such as Pascal’s “man of the world” of 1660, face a range of religious options they take to be serious, with fixed probabilities grounded in their evidence, and with utilities that are fixed quantities in actual minds. The many ingenious objections to the Wager dreamed up by philosophers do not apply in such a real decision matrix. In the situation Pascal addresses, (...)
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  34. Simpson's Paradox and Causality.Prasanta S. Bandyopadhyay, Mark Greenwood, Don Dcruz & Venkata Raghavan - 2015 - American Philosophical Quarterly 52 (1):13-25.
    There are three questions associated with Simpson’s Paradox (SP): (i) Why is SP paradoxical? (ii) What conditions generate SP?, and (iii) What should be done about SP? By developing a logic-based account of SP, it is argued that (i) and (ii) must be divorced from (iii). This account shows that (i) and (ii) have nothing to do with causality, which plays a role only in addressing (iii). A counterexample is also presented against the causal account. Finally, the causal and logic-based (...)
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  35.  26
    Perpetuation of Retracted Publications Using the Example of the Scott S. Reuben Case: Incidences, Reasons and Possible Improvements.Helmar Bornemann-Cimenti, Istvan S. Szilagyi & Andreas Sandner-Kiesling - 2016 - Science and Engineering Ethics 22 (4):1063-1072.
    In 2009, Scott S. Reuben was convicted of fabricating data, which lead to 25 of his publications being retracted. Although it is clear that the perpetuation of retracted articles negatively effects the appraisal of evidence, the extent to which retracted literature is cited had not previously been investigated. In this study, to better understand the perpetuation of discredited research, we examine the number of citations of Reuben’s articles within 5 years of their retraction. Citations of Reuben’s retracted articles were assessed (...)
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  36. Kant's Theory of Motivation: A Hybrid Approach.Benjamin S. Yost - 2017 - Review of Metaphysics 71 (2):293-319.
    To vindicate morality against skeptical doubts, Kant must show that agents can be moved to act independently of their sensible desires. Kant must therefore answer a motivational question: how does an agent get from the cognition that she ought to act morally to acting morally? Affectivist interpretations of Kant hold that agents are moved to act by feelings, while intellectualists appeal to cognition alone. To overcome the significant shortcomings of each view, I develop a hybrid theory of motivation. My central (...)
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  37.  59
    What Is the Validity Domain of Einstein’s Equations? Distributional Solutions Over Singularities and Topological Links in Geometrodynamics.Elias Zafiris - 2016 - 100 Years of Chronogeometrodynamics: The Status of the Einstein's Theory of Gravitation in Its Centennial Year.
    The existence of singularities alerts that one of the highest priorities of a centennial perspective on general relativity should be a careful re-thinking of the validity domain of Einstein’s field equations. We address the problem of constructing distinguishable extensions of the smooth spacetime manifold model, which can incorporate singularities, while retaining the form of the field equations. The sheaf-theoretic formulation of this problem is tantamount to extending the algebra sheaf of smooth functions to a distribution-like algebra sheaf in which the (...)
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  38.  26
    Charles Peirce's Pragmatic Pluralism.Sandra B. Rosenthal - 1994 - State University of New York Press.
    This work runs counter to the traditional interpretations of Peirce's philosophy by eliciting an inherent strand of pragmatic pluralism that is embedded in the very core of his thought and that weaves his various doctrines into a systematic ...
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  39.  50
    Quine's Monism and Modal Eliminativism in the Realm of Superveniences.Atilla Akalın - 2019 - International Journal of Social Humanities Sciences Research (JSHRS) 6 (34):795-800.
    This study asserts that W.V.O. Quine’s eliminative philosophical gaze into mereological composition affects inevitably his interpretations of composition theories of ontology. To investigate Quine’s property monism from the account of modal eliminativism, I applied to his solution for the paradoxes of de re modalities’ . Because of its vital role to figure out how dispositions are encountered by Quine, it was significantly noted that the realm of de re modalities doesn’t include contingent and impossible inferences about things. Therefore, for him, (...)
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  40. Rethinking Plato’s Forms.Necip Fikri Alican & Holger Thesleff - 2013 - Arctos: Acta Philologica Fennica 47:11–47.
    This is a proposal for rethinking the main lines of Plato’s philosophy, including some of the conceptual tools he uses for building and maintaining it. Drawing on a new interpretive paradigm for Plato’s overall vision, the central focus is on the so-called Forms. Regarding the guiding paradigm, we propose replacing the dualism of a world of Forms separated from a world of particulars, with the monistic model of a hierarchically structured universe comprising interdependent levels of reality. Regarding the tools of (...)
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  41. C. S. Peirce and the Hispanic Philosophy of the Twentieth Century.Jaime Nubiola - 1998 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 24 (1):31-49.
    A surprising fact in the historiography of the Hispanic philosophy of this century is its almost total opacity towards the American philosophy, in spite of the real affinity between the central questions of American pragmatism and the topics addressed by the most relevant Hispanic thinkers of the century: Unamuno, Ortega y Gasset, d'Ors, Vaz Ferreira. In this paper that situation is studied, paying special attention to Charles S. Peirce, his personal connections with the Hispanic world, the reception of his texts (...)
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  42.  31
    Biosemiotics and the Foundation of Cybersemiotics: Reconceptualizing the Insights of Ethology, Second-Order Cybernetics, and Peirce’s Semiotics in Biosemiotics to Create a Non-Cartesian Information Science.Søren Brier - 1999 - Semiotica 127 (1-4):169-198.
    Any great new theoretical framework has an epistemological and an ontological aspect to its philosophy as well as an axiological one, and one needs to understand all three aspects in order to grasp the deep aspiration and idea of the theoretical framework. Presently, there is a widespread effort to understand C. S. Peirce's (1837–1914) pragmaticistic semeiotics, and to develop it by integrating the results of modern science and evolutionary thinking; first, producing a biosemiotics and, second, by integrating it with the (...)
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  43. Peirce's Final Account of Signs and the Philosophy of Language.Albert Atkin - 2008 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 44 (1):pp. 63-85.
    In this paper I examine parallels between C.S. Peirce's most mature account of signs and contemporary philosophy of language. I do this by first introducing a summary of Peirce's final account of Signs. I then use that account of signs to reconstruct Peircian answers to two puzzles of reference: The Problem of Cognitive Significance, or Frege's Puzzle; and The Same-Saying Phenomenon for Indexicals. Finally, a comparison of these Peircian answers with both Fregean and Direct Referentialist approaches to the puzzles highlights (...)
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  44.  78
    Lessons of Bell's Theorem: Nonlocality, Yes; Action at a Distance, Not Necessarily.Wayne C. Myrvold - 2016 - In Shan Gao Mary Bell (ed.), Quantum Nonlocality and Reality: 50 Years of Bell's Theorem. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 238-260.
    Fifty years after the publication of Bell's theorem, there remains some controversy regarding what the theorem is telling us about quantum mechanics, and what the experimental violations of Bell inequalities are telling us about the world. This chapter represents my best attempt to be clear about what I think the lessons are. In brief: there is some sort of nonlocality inherent in any quantum theory, and, moreover, in any theory that reproduces, even approximately, the quantum probabilities for the outcomes of (...)
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  45. Zeno's Metrical Paradox of Extension and Descartes' Mind-Body Problem.Rafael Ferber - 2010 - In Stefania Giombini E. Flavia Marcacci (ed.), Estratto da/Excerpt from: Il quinto secolo. Studi di loso a antica in onore di Livio Rossetti a c. di Stefania Giombini e Flavia Marcacci. Aguaplano—Of cina del libro, Passignano s.T. 2010, pp. 295-310 [isbn/ean: 978-88-904213-4-1]. pp. 205-310.
    The article uses Zeno’s metrical paradox of extension, or Zeno’s fundamental paradox, as a thought-model for the mind-body problem. With the help of this model, the distinction contained between mental and physical phenomena can be formulated as sharply as possible. I formulate Zeno’s fundamental paradox and give a sketch of four different solutions to it. Then I construct a mind-body paradox corresponding to the fundamental paradox. Through that, it becomes possible to copy the solutions to the fundamental paradox on the (...)
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  46. Wittgenstein’s Method: The Third Phase of Its Development (1933–36).Nikolay Milkov - 2012 - In Marques Antonio (ed.), Knowledge, Language and Mind: Wittgenstein’s Early Investigations. de Gruyter.
    Wittgenstein’s interpreters are undivided that the method plays a central role in his philosophy. This would be no surprise if we have in mind the Tractarian dictum: “philosophy is not a body of doctrine but an activity” (4.112). After 1929, Wittgenstein’s method evolved further. In its final form, articulated in Philosophical Investigations, it was formulated as different kinds of therapies of specific philosophical problems that torment our life (§§ 133, 255, 593). In this paper we follow the changes in Wittgenstein’s (...)
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  47. Motive and Rightness in Kant's Ethical System.Mark Timmons - 2002 - In Kant's Metaphysics of Morals: Interpretative Essays. Oxford University Press.
    Some contemporary intepreters of Kant maintain that on Kant's view fulfilling duties of virtue require doing so from the motive of duty. I argue that there are interpretive and doctinal reasons for rejecting this interpretation. However, I argue that for Kant motives can be deontically relevant; one's motives can affect the deontic status of actions.
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  48.  30
    Autonomy and Moral Rationalism: Kant’s Criticisms of ‘Rationalist’ Moral Principles (1762-1785).Stefano Bacin - 2019 - In Stefano Bacin & Oliver Sensen (eds.), The Emergence of Autonomy in Kant's Moral Philosophy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 48-66.
    This paper attempts to shed light on Kant’s notion of autonomy in his moral philosophy by considering Kant’s critique of the rationalist theories of morality that Kant discussed in his lectures on practical philosophy from the 1760s to the time of the Groundwork. The paper first explains Kant’s taxonomy of moral theories. Second, it considers Kant's arguments against the two main variants of ‘rationalism’ as he construes it, that is, perfectionism and theological voluntarism, pointing out the similarities to previous criticisms. (...)
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  49. Real (M)Othering: The Metaphysics of Maternity in Children's Literature.Shelley M. Park - 2005 - In Sally Haslanger & Charlotte Witt (eds.), Real (M)othering: The Metaphysics of Maternity in Children's Literature. In Sally Haslanger and Charlotte Witt, eds. Adoption Matters: Philosophical and Feminist Essays. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press. 171-194. Cornell University Press. pp. 171-194.
    This paper examines the complexity and fluidity of maternal identity through an examination of narratives about "real motherhood" found in children's literature. Focusing on the multiplicity of mothers in adoption, I question standard views of maternity in which gestational, genetic and social mothering all coincide in a single person. The shortcomings of traditional notions of motherhood are overcome by developing a fluid and inclusive conception of maternal reality as authored by a child's own perceptions.
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    Expanding Western Definitions of Shamanism: A Conversation with Stephan Beyer, Stanley Krippner, and Hillary S. Webb.Hillary S. Webb - 2013 - Anthropology of Consciousness 24 (1):57-75.
    Where has the Western attraction to the study and practice of shamanic techniques brought us? Where might it take us? In what ways have our Western biases and philosophical underpinnings influenced and changed how shamanism is practiced, both in the West and in the traditional cultures out of which they emerged? Is it time to stop using the umbrella term “shamanism” to refer to such diverse cross-cultural practices? What are our responsibilities, both as researchers and as spiritual seekers? In this (...)
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