20 found
Order:
See also
Błażej Skrzypulec
Polish Academy of Sciences
  1.  29
    The Nonclassical Mereology of Olfactory Experiences.Błażej Skrzypulec - forthcoming - Synthese:1-20.
    While there is a growing philosophical interest in analysing olfactory experiences, the mereological structure of odours considered in respect of how they are perceptually experienced has not yet been extensively investigated. The paper argues that odours are perceptually experienced as having a mereological structure, but this structure is significantly different from the spatial mereological structure of visually experienced objects. Most importantly, in the case of the olfactory part-structure, the classical weak supplementation principle is not satisfied. This thesis is justified by (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  2.  31
    Perceptual Kinds as Supervening Sortals.Błażej Skrzypulec - 2019 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 100 (1):174-201.
    It seems intuitive that in situations of perceptual recognition additional properties are represented. While much has been written about the significance of such properties for perceptual phenomenology, it is still unclear (a) what is the relation between recognition-based properties and lower-level perceptual properties, and (b) whether it is justified to classify them as kind-properties. Relying on results in cognitive psychology, I argue that recognition-based properties (I) are irreducible, high-level properties, (II) are kind properties by virtue of being sortal properties, but (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  3.  16
    Thisness and Visual Objects.Błażej Skrzypulec - 2018 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 9 (1):17-32.
    According to the traditional view, visual objects can be characterized as bundles of features and locations. This initially plausible idea is contested within the contemporary psychology and philosophy of perception, where it is claimed that the visual system can represent objects as merely ‘this’ or ‘that’, in abstraction from their qualities. In this paper, I consider whether philosophical and psychological arguments connected with the rejection of the ‘bundle’ view of visual objects show that it is needed to postulate an additional, (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  4.  30
    Ontology of Early Visual Content.Błażej Skrzypulec - 2016 - Philosophical Psychology 29 (2):261-276.
    The main goal of the paper is to sketch an ontological model of visual content at the low- and medium-level of visual processing, relying on psychological conceptions of vision. It is argued that influential cognitive models contain assumptions concerning “objects of content,” that is, objects whose presence is a necessary condition of the adequacy of visual representations. Subsequently, the structure of considered objects of content is presented, and its development through the perceptual process is described. In addition, during the course (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  5.  26
    Do We Need Visual Subjects?Błażej Skrzypulec - 2018 - Philosophical Psychology 31 (4):574-594.
    It is widely accepted within contemporary philosophy of perception that the content of visual states cannot be characterized simply as a list of represented features. This is because such characterization leads to the so-called, “Many Properties problem”, i.e. it does not allow us to explain how the visual system is able to distinguish between scenes containing different arrangements of the same features. The usual solution to the Many Properties problem is to characterize some elements of content as subjects, to which (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  6.  11
    Olfactory Objecthood.Błażej Skrzypulec - forthcoming - Philosophia.
    In the contemporary analytic discussions concerning human olfactory perception, it is commonly claimed that (1) olfactory experiences are representations having content and (2) olfactory experiences represent odours, like coffee odour or vanilla odour. However, despite these common assumptions, there seems to be an ontological controversy between two views: the first states that odours are perceptually represented as features and the second states that they are represented as objects. In this paper, I aim to systematically address the Bfeature or object^ status (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  7.  13
    Particularity of Content and Illusions of Identity.Błażej Skrzypulec - 2018 - Axiomathes 28 (5):491-506.
    This paper argues that the accuracy of perceptual experiences cannot be properly characterized by using the particular notion of content without breaking one of the three plausible assumptions. On the other hand, the general notion of content is not threatened by this problem. The first assumption is that all elements of content determine the accuracy conditions of an experience. The second states that objects needed for the accuracy of experiences are physical entities that stand in a perceptual relation to a (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  8.  30
    Vision, Olfaction, and the Unity of Senses.Błażej Skrzypulec - unknown
    In the contemporary analytic discussions concerning human olfactory perception, it is commonly claimed that olfactory experiences are representations having content and olfactory experiences represent odours, like coffee odour or vanilla odour. However, despite these common assumptions, there seems to be an ontological controversy between two views: the first states that odours represented by olfaction should be characterised as features and the second states that they should be interpreted as objects. In this paper, I aim to systematically address the “feature or (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  9.  7
    Visual Endurance and Auditory Perdurance.Błażej Skrzypulec - forthcoming - Erkenntnis:1-22.
    Philosophers often state that the persistence of objects in vision is experienced differently than the persistence of sounds in audition. This difference is expressed by using metaphors from the metaphysical endurantism/perdurantism debate. For instance, it is claimed that only sounds are perceived as “temporally extended”. The paper investigates whether it is justified to characterize visually experienced objects and auditorily experienced sounds as different types of entities: endurants and perdurants respectively. This issue is analyzed from the perspective of major specifications of (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  10.  5
    Dynamic Essences: Absolute, Prospective, Retrospective, and Relative Modalities.Paweł Rojek & Błażej Skrzypulec - 2018 - Studia Humana 7 (1):3-20.
    Essential properties are usually thought as properties that things must always possess, whereas accidental properties are considered as changeable. In this paper, we challenge this traditional view. We argue that in some important cases, such as social or biological development, we face not only the change of accidents, but also the change of essences. To analyze this kind of change we propose an alternative view on the relations between the modalities and time. Some properties might be necessary or possible for (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  11.  38
    Rodzaje Naturalne. Rozważania Z Filozofii Języka [Natural Kinds From the Point of View of the Philosophy of Language].Błażej Skrzypulec - 2009 - Polish Journal of Philosophy 3 (2):136-140.
  12.  2
    Bradley’s Regress and Visual Content.Błażej Skrzypulec - forthcoming - Axiomathes:1-18.
    According to the well-known Bradley’s Regress argument, one cannot explain the unity of states of affairs by referring to relations combining objects with properties. This argument has been widely discussed within analytic metaphysics, but has not been recognized as relevant for the philosophy of perception. I argue that the mainstream characterization of visual content is threatened by the Bradley’s Regress, and the most influential metaphysical solutions to the regress argument cannot be applied in the context of visual content. However, I (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  13.  19
    Nonconceptual Content, Causal Theory, and Realism.Błażej Skrzypulec - 2014 - The Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication 9.
    In this paper the connections between the nonconceptual content of perceptual states and realism are considered. In particular, I investigate the argument for realism that uses the notion of nonconceptual content, specifically the version proposed by Raftopoulos in Cognition and Perception. To evaluate the argument two forms of realism are identified: correlation realism, according to which distinctions in perceptual content correlate with distinctions in the environment, and ontological realism, according to which perceptual content and perceived reality are both organized according (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  14.  8
    Two Types of Visual Objects.Błażej Skrzypulec - 2015 - Studia Humana 4 (2):26-38.
    While it is widely accepted that human vision represents objects, it is less clear which of the various philosophical notions of ‘object’ adequately characterizes visual objects. In this paper, I show that within contemporary cognitive psychology visual objects are characterized in two distinct, incompatible ways. On the one hand, models of visual organization describe visual objects in terms of combinations of features, in accordance with the philosophical bundle theories of objects. However, models of visual persistence apply a notion of visual (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  15.  7
    Commentary: Swapping or Dropping? Electrophysiological Measures of Difficulty During Multiple Object Tracking.Błażej Skrzypulec - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
    Within cognitive psychology it is widely accepted that the human visual system represents the numerical sameness of objects. However, the relation of visual sameness itself has not attracted as much attention and no detailed description of this relation is yet available. One of the most important questions is whether this relation can be understood as classical identity, and thus whether it is an equivalence relation. Despite this research gap, I intend to show that results of some psychological works can be (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  16. Czy idealizm Fichtego jest antyrealizmem w ujęciu Dummetta?Błażej Skrzypulec - 2009 - Studia Philosophica Wratislaviensia:103-110.
    No categories
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  17. Eksplanacyjna Rola Teorii Filozoficznych W Badaniach Kognitywistycznych.Błażej Skrzypulec - 2013 - Studia Z Kognitywistyki I Filozofii Umysłu 7 (1).
    Tematem artykułu jest eksplanacyjna rola jaką mogą pełnić teorie filozoficzne w badaniach z zakresu kognitywistyki. Wyróżnione zostają cztery uzupełniające się role, powiązane z różnymi koncepcjami wyjaśniania. Zgodnie z pierwszą rolą eksplanacyjną teorie filozoficzne wyjaśniają na sposób opisywany w koncepcjach naukowego wyjaśniania. Uzyskanie tego rodzaju wyjaśnień przy użyciu teorii filozoficznych wymaga jednak przeformułowania ich tez, przy użyciu pewnych rozumowań analogicznych, w twierdzenia mające charakter naukowy. Wedle drugiej roli ekplanacyjnej teorie filozoficzne wyjaśniają poprzez sformułowanie koniecznych i wystarczających warunków, które muszą być spełnione (...)
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  18. Is Fichte’s Idealism An Example Of Dummett’s Antirealism?Błażej Skrzypulec - 2009 - Studia Philosophica Wratislaviensia 4 (2):103-109.
    The aim of paper is to consider some similarities and differences between Fichte’s doctrine of idealism and Dummett’s conception of semantic antirealism. While Fichte built his idealistic view in the classical way as a metaphysical doctrine, Dummet sought to ground the fundamental distinction between realistic and antirealistic theories in alternative semantic conceptions of truth conditions. The main question of the paper is whether it is possible to interpret Fichte’s metaphysical doctrine as an anti-realist one according to the criteria proposed by (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  19. Ontologia między nauką a metafizyką.Błażej Skrzypulec - 2014 - Filozofia Nauki 22 (1):59-84.
    The article considers a claim that scientific theories can serve as models for philosophical conceptions. It is argued that a scientific theory is modelling a metaphysical conception iff the ontology connected with the metaphysical conception is included in the ontology connected with the scientific theory. However, metaphysical and scientific ontologies may be compared only after the application of interpretative procedures that constitute 'philosophical hermeneutics'. To justify this claim, it is argued that: (1) there are ontologies connected with metaphysical conceptions, (2) (...)
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  20. Relational Construction of Visual Objects.Błażej Skrzypulec - 2015 - Filozofia Nauki 23 (2):45-68.
    One of the main functions of visual system is to construct representations of objects. These ‘visual objects’ are formed by developing the structure of more primitive visual representations. In the course of the article, I define the notions of ‘minimal visual object’, ‘maximal-non object representation’, and ‘constructing characteristic’ that differentiates minimal objects from maximal non-objects. Relying on these distinctions, I consider the type of ontological change that transforms visual regions, treated as maximal non-object representations, into basic, low-level visual objects. In (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark