Results for 'B-theory'

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  1. Is There Change on the B-Theory of Time?Luca Banfi - 2021 - European Journal of Analytic Philosophy 17 (1):(B1)5-28.
    The purpose of this paper is to explore the connection between change and the B-theory of time, sometimes also called the Scientific view of time, according to which reality is a four-dimensional spacetime manifold, where past, present and future things equally exist, and the present time and non-present times are metaphysically the same. I argue in favour of a novel response to the much-vexed question of whether there is change on the B-theory or not. In fact, B-theorists are (...)
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  2. B-Theory and Time Biases.Sayid Bnefsi - 2019 - In Patrick Blackburn, Per Hasle & Peter Øhrstrøm (eds.), Logic and Philosophy of Time: Further Themes from Prior. Aalborg, Denmark: Aalborg University Press. pp. 41-52.
    We care not only about what experiences we have, but when we have them too. However, on the B-theory of time, something’s timing isn’t an intrinsic way for that thing to be or become. Given B-theory, should we be rationally indifferent about the timing per se of an experience? In this paper, I argue that B-theorists can justify time-biased preferences for pains to be past rather than present and for pleasures to be present rather than past. In support (...)
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  3. B-Theory, Fixity, and Fatalism.Joseph Diekemper - 2007 - Noûs 41 (3):429–452.
  4. B-Theory Old and New: On Ontological Commitment.Daniel M. Johnson - 2013 - Synthese 190 (17):3953-3970.
    The most important argument against the B-theory of time is the paraphrase argument. The major defense against that argument is the “new” tenseless theory of time, which is built on what I will call the “indexical reply” to the paraphrase argument. The move from the “old” tenseless theory of time to the new is most centrally a change of viewpoint about the nature and determiners of ontological commitment. Ironically, though, the new tenseless theorists have generally not paid (...)
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  5. The B-Theory of Time and the Fear of Death.Mikel Burley - 2008 - Polish Journal of Philosophy 2 (2):21-38.
    This paper discusses Robin Le Poidevin’s proposal that a commitment to the B-theory of time provides a reason to relinquish the fear of death. After outlining Le Poidevin’s views on time and death, I analyze the specific passages in which he makes his proposal, giving close attention to the claim that, for the B-theorist, one’s life is “eternally real.” I distinguish two possible interpretations of this claim, which I call alethic eternalism and ontic eternalism respectively, and argue, with reference (...)
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  6. B-Theory, Language and Ethics.Alexander Pruss - manuscript
    The A-theory of time states that there is an absolute fact of the matter about what events are, respectively, in the past, present and future. The B-theory says that all there is to temporality are the relations of earlier-than, later-than and simultaneous-with, and the past, present and future are merely relative.
     
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  7.  36
    Existential Dread and the B-Theory of Time.Luca Banfi - 2021 - Synthese (5-6):1-18.
    In this paper I describe a specific emotional reaction to the fact that we will cease to exist, namely existential dread, and I argue that the B-theory of time, according to which reality contains a four-dimensional spacetime manifold and the present time is metaphysically on a par with past and future times, cannot accommodate it. Some may see this as an advantage of the B-theory; some may see it as a problem for the view. My aim is not (...)
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  8. EDGELL, B. -Theories of Memory. [REVIEW]M. H. Carré - 1924 - Mind 33:337.
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  9. The B-Theory in the 20th Century.M. Joshua Mozersky - forthcoming - In Adrian Bardon & Heather Dyke (eds.), The Blackwell Companion to the Philosophy of Time. Wiley-Blackwell.
  10. RUSSELL, B.: "Theory of Knowledge: The 1913 Manuscript", Vol. 7 of "The Collected Papers of Bertrand Russell".A. Pavkovic - 1986 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 64:514.
     
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  11. Our Experience of Passage on the B-Theory.Natalja Deng - 2013 - Erkenntnis 78 (4):713-726.
    Elsewhere I have suggested that the B-theory includes a notion of passage, by virtue of including succession. Here, I provide further support for that claim by showing that uncontroversial elements of the B-theory straightforwardly ground a veridical sense of passage. First, I argue that the B-theory predicts that subjects of experience have a sense of passivity with respect to time that they do not have with respect to space, which they are right to have, even according to (...)
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  12. The A‐Theory of Time, The B‐Theory of Time, and ‘Taking Tense Seriously’.Dean W. Zimmerman - 2005 - Dialectica 59 (4):401-457.
    The paper has two parts: First, I describe a relatively popular thesis in the philosophy of propositional attitudes, worthy of the name ‘taking tense seriously’; and I distinguish it from a family of views in the metaphysics of time, namely, the A‐theories. Once the distinction is in focus, a skeptical worry arises. Some A‐theorists maintain that the difference between past, present, and future, is to be drawn in terms of what exists: growing‐block theorists eschew ontological commitment to future entities; presentists, (...)
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  13.  66
    Tense and the New B-Theory of Language.William Lane Craig - 1996 - Philosophy 71 (275):5 - 26.
    New B-Theorists of language, while conceding the untranslatability of tensed sentences by tenseless sentences, deny that the ineliminability of tense implies the reality of tensed facts. Thus, New BTheorist Nathan Oaklander explains, For a variety of reasons, ... recent defenders of the tenseless view have come to embrace the thesis that tensed sentences cannot be translated by tenseless ones without loss of meaning. Nevertheless, recent detensers have denied that the ineliminability of tensed language and thought entails the reality of temporal (...)
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  14. Do We Really Need a New B-Theory of Time?Francesco Orilia & L. Nathan Oaklander - 2015 - Topoi 34 (1):1-14.
    It is customary in current philosophy of time to distinguish between an A- (or tensed) and a B- (or tenseless) theory of time. It is also customary to distinguish between an old B-theory of time, and a new B-theory of time. We may say that the former holds both semantic atensionalism and ontological atensionalism, whereas the latter gives up semantic atensionalism and retains ontological atensionalism. It is typically assumed that the B-theorists have been induced by advances in (...)
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  15.  12
    A and B Theories of Closed Time.Phill Dowe - 2017 - Manuscrito 40 (1):183-196.
    ABSTRACT Closed time is possible in several senses of ‘possible’. One might like to know, therefore, whether closed time is possible in the sense that it is compatible with standard metaphysical theories of time. In this paper I am concerned with whether closed time is compatible with A and/or B theories of time. A common enough view amongst philosophers is that B theories do but A theories do not allow closed time. However, I show that prima-facie neither approach allows closed (...)
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  16. The New B-Theory's Tu Quoque Argument.William Lane Craig - 1996 - Synthese 107 (2):249 - 269.
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  17. Truth-Conditions, Truth-Bearers and the New B-Theory of Time.Stephan Torre - 2009 - Philosophical Studies 142 (3):325-344.
    In this paper I consider two strategies for providing tenseless truth-conditions for tensed sentences: the token-reflexive theory and the date theory. Both theories have faced a number of objections by prominent A-theorists such as Quentin Smith and William Lane Craig. Traditionally, these two theories have been viewed as rival methods for providing truth-conditions for tensed sentences. I argue that the debate over whether the token-reflexive theory or the date theory is true has arisen from a failure (...)
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  18.  38
    Aristotelians and the A/B Theory Debate About Time.Robert C. Koons - 2020 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 94 (3):463-474.
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  19. BRAITHWAITE, R. B. - Theory of Games as a Tool for the Moral Philosopher. [REVIEW]S. Vajda - 1957 - Mind 66:423.
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  20.  3
    What Was the “Appendix B” Theory of Types For?:「付録B」タイプ理論とは何だったのか.Yasushi Nomura - 2021 - Kagaku Tetsugaku 53 (2):45-63.
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  21.  17
    Tense and the New B-Theory Of.William Lane Craig - 1996 - Philosophy 71:5.
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  22.  61
    Computability and Physical Theories.Robert Geroch & James B. Hartle - 1986 - Foundations of Physics 16 (6):533-550.
    The familiar theories of physics have the feature that the application of the theory to make predictions in specific circumstances can be done by means of an algorithm. We propose a more precise formulation of this feature—one based on the issue of whether or not the physically measurable numbers predicted by the theory are computable in the mathematical sense. Applying this formulation to one approach to a quantum theory of gravity, there are found indications that there may (...)
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  23.  88
    Kant’s Theory of Form: An Essay on the Critique of Pure Reason.Robert B. Pippin - 1982 - Yale University Press.
  24.  85
    A Cybernetic Theory of Persons: How and Why Sellars Naturalized Kant.Carl B. Sachs - 2022 - Philosophical Inquiries 10 (1).
    I argue that Sellars’s naturalization of Kant should be understood in terms of how he used behavioristic psychology and cybernetics. I first explore how Sellars used Edward Tolman’s cognitive-behavioristic psychology to naturalize Kant in the early essay “Language, Rules, and Behavior”. I then turn to Norbert Wiener’s understanding of feedback loops and circular causality. On this basis I argue that Sellars’s distinction between signifying and picturing, which he introduces in “Being and Being Known,” can be understood in terms of what (...)
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  25.  71
    Are Theories of Learning Necessary?B. F. Skinner - 1950 - Psychological Review 57 (4):193-216.
  26. A Theory of the Good and the Right.Richard B. Brandt - 1979 - Prometheus Books.
    What system of morals should rational people select as the best for society? Using a contemporary psychological theory of action and of motivation, Richard Brandt's Oxford lectures argue that the purpose of living should be to strive for the greatest good for the largest number of people. Brandt's discussions range from the concept of welfare to conflict between utilitarian moral codes and the dictates of self-interest.
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  27.  14
    Continuity Theory Revisited: Reply to D. B. Berch.Gerald B. Biederman - 1972 - Psychological Review 79 (2):178-179.
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  28.  39
    Greek Theories of Art and Literature Down to 400 B.C.T. B. L. Webster - 1939 - Classical Quarterly 33 (3-4):166-.
    Greek art and literature follow parallel courses through the long period from Homer to Euripides. Homer and Euripides, Dipylon vases and the latest white lekythoi are as far apart from each other as it is possible for works in the same medium to be. The distance can only be explained by a similar change in the views of artists, writers, and their public.
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  29.  52
    Causal Powers. A Theory of Natural Necessity. [REVIEW]B. W. A. - 1976 - Review of Metaphysics 29 (4):735-736.
    This provocative but persuasive book is essentially a radical attack upon the Humean conception of causality and the presentation and defense of a counter-theory, closer to everyday experience and pre-Humean traditional views. As formulated by empiricist philosophers, the Humean approach depends on two basic postulates. The philosophical analysis of any non-empirical concept must be a formal explication; any residue elements have to be accounted for in terms of their psychological origins. The world as experienced can be conceived adequately as (...)
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  30. A-Theory for B-Theorists.Josh Parsons - 2002 - Philosophical Quarterly 52 (206):1-20.
    The debate between A-theory and B-theory in the philosophy of time is a persistent one. It is not always clear, however, what the terms of this debate are. A-theorists are often lumped with a miscellaneous collection of heterodox doctrines: the view that only the present exists, that time flows relentlessly, or that presentness is a property (Williams 1996); that time passes, tense is unanalysable, or that earlier than and later than are defined in terms of pastness, presentness, and (...)
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  31.  20
    Abian Alexander. The Theory of Sets and Transfinite Arithmetic. W. B. Saunders Company, Philadelphia and London 1965, Xiii + 406 Pp. [REVIEW]B. Rotman - 1971 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 36 (1):167.
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  32.  10
    Reply to Hasker: Does the B-Theory of Time Imply Fatalism?Gregory E. Ganssle - 1995 - International Philosophical Quarterly 35 (2):217-218.
  33. Prior's' Thank Goodness That's Over'Objection to the B-Theory.Michelle Beer - 2008 - In L. Nathan Oaklander (ed.), The Philosophy of Time. Routledge.
     
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  34.  4
    Burks Arthur W. And Wright Jesse B.. Theory of Logical Nets. Proceedings of the I.R.E., Vol. 41 , Pp. 1357–1365.Alonzo Church - 1954 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 19 (2):141-142.
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  35.  54
    The Theory of Concrete Universals.H. B. Acton - 1936 - Mind 45 (180):417-431.
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  36.  51
    The Theory of Concrete Universals (I.).H. B. Acton - 1936 - Mind 45 (180):1-13.
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  37. The Political Theory of Possessive Individualism: Hobbes to Locke.C. B. Macpherson - 1962 - Oxford, Clarendon Press.
    Introduction. The roots of liberal-democratic theory -- Problems of interpretation -- Hobbe : the political obligation of the market. Philosophy and political theory -- Human nature and the state of nature -- Models of society -- Political obligation -- Penetration and limits of Hobbe's political theory -- The Levellers : franchise and freedom. The problem of franchise -- Types of franchise -- The record -- Theoretical implications -- Harrington : the opportunity state. Unexamined ambiguities -- The balance (...)
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  38.  4
    On Rawls: A Liberal Theory of Justice and Justification.Robert B. Talisse - 2001 - Wadsworth.
    This brief text assists students in understanding Rawls' philosophy and thinking so they can more fully engage in useful, intelligent class dialogue and improve their understanding of course content. Part of the Wadsworth Notes Series,, ON RAWLS is written by a philosopher deeply versed in the philosophy of this key thinker. Like other books in the series, this concise book offers sufficient insight into the thinking of a notable philosopher, better enabling students to engage in reading and to discuss the (...)
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  39. A-, B and R-Theories of Time: A Debate.L. Nathan Oaklander - 2012 - In Adrian Bardon (ed.), The Future of the Philosophy of Time. Boston, MA, USA; Berlin, Munich: pp. 1-24.
     
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  40. Ethical Theory.Richard B. Brandt - 1959 - Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall.
  41. The Political Theory of Possessive Individualism: Hobbes to Locke.C. B. Macpherson - 2010 - Oup Canada.
    This seminal work by political philosopher C.B. Macpherson was first published by the Clarendon Press in 1962, and remains of key importance to the study of liberal-democratic theory half-a-century later. In it, Macpherson argues that the chief difficulty of the notion of individualism that underpins classical liberalism lies in what he calls its "possessive quality" - "its conception of the individual as essentially the proprietor of his own person or capacities, owing nothing to society for them." Under such a (...)
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  42.  6
    Hume's Theory of Knowledge: A Critical Examination. By M. B. Singer. [REVIEW]M. B. Singer - 1937 - Ethics 48:128.
  43. A Theory of the Good and the Right.Richard B. Brandt - 1979 - Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 35 (2):307-310.
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  44.  48
    A Probabilistic Theory of Coherence.B. Fitelson - 2003 - Analysis 63 (3):194-199.
  45.  32
    Hopelessness Depression: A Theory-Based Subtype of Depression.Lyn Y. Abramson, Gerald I. Metalsky & Lauren B. Alloy - 1989 - Psychological Review 96 (2):358-372.
  46.  99
    Theory-Based Bayesian Models of Inductive Learning and Reasoning.Joshua B. Tenenbaum, Thomas L. Griffiths & Charles Kemp - 2006 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 10 (7):309-318.
  47. A Uniform Theory of Conditionals.William B. Starr - 2014 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 43 (6):1019-1064.
    A uniform theory of conditionals is one which compositionally captures the behavior of both indicative and subjunctive conditionals without positing ambiguities. This paper raises new problems for the closest thing to a uniform analysis in the literature (Stalnaker, Philosophia, 5, 269–286 (1975)) and develops a new theory which solves them. I also show that this new analysis provides an improved treatment of three phenomena (the import-export equivalence, reverse Sobel-sequences and disjunctive antecedents). While these results concern central issues in (...)
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  48.  12
    A Theory for the Storage and Retrieval of Item and Associative Information.Bennet B. Murdock - 1982 - Psychological Review 89 (6):609-626.
  49. A Theory of the Good and the Right.Richard B. Brandt - 1979 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 44 (1):181-182.
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  50.  39
    The Theory of Concrete Universals (II.).H. B. Acton - 1937 - Mind 46 (181):1-13.
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