Results for 'B-theory'

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  1. Moral Character: An Empirical Theory.Christian B. Miller - 2013 - Oxford, GB: Oxford University Press.
    The goal of this book is to develop a new framework for thinking about what moral character looks like today. My central claim will be that most people have moral character traits, but at the same time they do not have either the traditional  ...
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  2. Toward an Inclusive Populism? On the Role of Race and Difference in Laclau’s Politics.B. L. McKean & Benjamin McKean - 2016 - Political Theory 44 (6):797-820.
    Does the recent success of Podemos and Syriza herald a new era of inclusive, egalitarian left populism? Because leaders of both parties are former students of Ernesto Laclau and cite his account of populism as guiding their political practice, this essay considers whether his theory supports hope for a new kind of populism. For Laclau, the essence of populism is an “empty signifier” that provides a means by which anyone can identify with the people as a whole. However, the (...)
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  3. The Will. A Dual Aspect Theory.B. O'shaughnessy - 1983 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 45 (3):497-498.
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  4.  53
    Argument structure: representation and theory.James B. Freeman - 2011 - New York: Springer.
    An approach to argument macrostructure -- The dialectical nature of argument -- Toulmin's problematic notion of warrant -- The linked-convergent distinction, a first approximation -- Argument structure and disciplinary perspective : the linked-convergent versus multiple-co-ordinatively compound distinctions -- The linked-convergent distinction, refining the criterion -- Argument structure and enthymemes -- From analysis to evaluation.
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  5.  75
    Debate: Pragmatist Epistemology and Democratic Theory: A Reply to Eric MacGilvray.Cheryl Misak & Robert B. Talisse - 2014 - Journal of Political Philosophy 22 (3):366-376.
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  6. Meaning in music and information theory.Leonard B. Meyer - 1957 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 15 (4):412-424.
  7.  89
    Dialectics and the macrostructure of arguments: a theory of argument structure.James B. Freeman - 1991 - Berlin ; New York: Foris Publications.
    Chapter The Need for a Theory of Argument Structure. THE STANDARD APPROACH The approach to argument diagramming which we call standard was originated, ...
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  8.  17
    The nature of evolutionary theory: The semantic challenge.Peter B. Sloep & Wim J. van der Steen - 1987 - Biology and Philosophy 2 (1):1-15.
  9. Judgment ascriptions.Kjell Johan Sæbø - 2009 - Linguistics and Philosophy 32 (4):327-352.
    Some propositional attitude verbs require that the complement contain some “subjective predicate”. In terms of the theory proposed by Lasersohn, these verbs would seem to identify the “judge” of the embedded proposition with the matrix subject, and there have been suggestions in this direction. I show that it is possible to analyze these verbs as setting the judge and doing nothing more; then according to whether a judge index or a judge argument is assumed, unless the complement contains a (...)
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  10.  46
    Serial Fiction, Continued.B. Caplan - 2014 - British Journal of Aesthetics 54 (1):65-76.
    In ‘Truth, Relativism, and Serial Fiction’, Andrew McGonigal presents new data that a theory of truth in fiction should account for, and argues that the data is best accounted for by his relativist view. I argue against McGonigal’s relativist view and in favour of a more metaphysical view. The key feature of this view is that it is one on which the content of a work of fiction can change over time. Along the way I also argue against Ross (...)
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  11.  31
    Tempels' Philosophical Racialism.B. Matolino - 2011 - South African Journal of Philosophy 30 (3):330-342.
    Placide Tempels’ Bantu Philosophy has largely been met with hostility from African philosophers. Whilst Tempels intended to show that the Bantu were not only capable of thinking, but also that they had a distinct and coherent philosophy of their own, his project seems to have achieved exactly the opposite. Temples’ project sought to expose the racism of thinkers such as Lucien Levy-Bruhl, thereby raising the African to the same status as the Westerner. However, his efforts have been rejected for a (...)
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  12.  91
    Studies in the theory of ideology.John B. Thompson - 1984 - Cambridge [Cambridgeshire]: Polity Press.
    Introduction Few areas of social inquiry are more exciting and important, and yet at the same time more marked by controversy and dispute, than the area ...
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  13. General relativity as a perfectly Machian theory.Julian B. Barbour - 1995 - In Julian B. Barbour & H. Pfister (eds.), Mach's Principle: From Newton's Bucket to Quantum Gravity. Birkhäuser. pp. 214--36.
     
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  14. Toward a theory of style.Leonard B. Meyer - 1979 - In Leonard B. Meyer & Berel Lang (eds.), The Concept of style. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press. pp. 3--44.
     
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  15. Scientific Explanation: A Study of the Function of Theory, Probability and Law in Science.R. B. Braithwaite - 1954 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 4 (16):348-349.
     
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  16.  16
    Feeling and facial efference: Implications of the vascular theory of emotion.R. B. Zajonc, Sheila T. Murphy & Marita Inglehart - 1989 - Psychological Review 96 (3):395-416.
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  17.  29
    Translational bioethics: Reflections on what it can be and how it should work.Kristine Bærøe - 2024 - Bioethics 38 (3):187-195.
    Translational ethics (TE) has been developed into a specific approach, which revolves around the argument that strategies for bridging the theory‐practice gap in bioethics must themselves be justified on ethical terms. This version of TE incorporates normative, empirical and foundational ethics research and continues to develop through application and in the face of new ethical challenges. Here, I explore the idea that the academic field of bioethics has not yet sufficiently analysed its own philosophical foundation for how it can, (...)
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  18.  20
    Tests of the two-factor theory of retroactive inhibition.J. A. McGeoch & B. J. Underwood - 1943 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 32 (1):1.
  19.  35
    Virtue as the end of law: an aretaic theory of legislation.Lawrence B. Solum - 2018 - Jurisprudence 9 (1):6-18.
    ABSTRACTThis article investigates a virtue-centered approach to normative legal theory in the context of legislation. The core idea of such a theory is that the fundamental aim of law should be the promotion of human flourishing, where a flourishing human life is understood as a life of rational and social activities that express the human excellences. Law can promote flourishing in several ways. Because peace and prosperity are conducive to human flourishing, legislation should aim at the establishment and (...)
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  20. What is the question for which Hegel's theory of recognition is the answer?Robert B. Pippin - 2000 - European Journal of Philosophy 8 (2):155–172.
  21.  30
    The man within the breast, the supreme impartial spectator, and other impartial spectators in Adam Smith’s The Theory of Moral Sentiments.Daniel B. Klein, Erik W. Matson & Colin Doran - 2018 - History of European Ideas 44 (8):1153-1168.
    ABSTRACTAdam Smith infused the expression ‘impartial spectator’ with a plexus of related meanings, one of which is a super-being, which bears parallels to monotheistic ideas of God. As for any genuine, identified, human spectator, he can be deemed impartial only presumptively. Such presumptive impartiality as regards the incident does not of itself carry extensive implications about his intelligence, nor about his being aligned with benevolence towards any larger whole. We may posit, however, a being who is impartial and who holds (...)
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  22.  9
    A New Concept of Work Engagement Theory in Cognitive Engagement, Emotional Engagement, and Physical Engagement.Stanley Y. B. Huang, Chien-Hsiang Huang & Tai-Wei Chang - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    The concept of work engagement has aroused the interest of many scholars. However, there has been limited academic research in examining how authentic leadership can influence WE, which consequently influences organizational citizenship behavior and task performance. In particular, this study divides WE into cognitive engagement, emotional engagement, and physical engagement to fully reflect the engagement theory. This study introduces three dimensions of WE and tests the theoretical model to validate cognitive engagement, emotional engagement, and physical engagement. Empirical testing using (...)
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  23.  6
    Speech and Phenomena Op: And Other Essays on Husserl's Theory of Signs.David B. Allison (ed.) - 1973 - Evanston, IL, USA: Northwestern University Press.
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  24.  26
    A "rights-based" theory of punishment.James B. Brady - 1987 - Ethics 97 (4):792-795.
  25.  11
    Towards a homotopy domain theory.Daniel O. Martínez-Rivillas & Ruy J. G. B. de Queiroz - 2022 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 62 (3):559-579.
    An appropriate framework is put forward for the construction of $$\lambda $$ -models with $$\infty $$ -groupoid structure, which we call homotopic $$\lambda $$ -models, through the use of an $$\infty $$ -category with cartesian closure and enough points. With this, we establish the start of a project of generalization of Domain Theory and $$\lambda $$ -calculus, in the sense that the concept of proof (path) of equality of $$\lambda $$ -terms is raised to higher proof (homotopy).
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  26. Overview of Contemporary Metaethics and Normative Ethical Theory.Christian B. Miller - 2014 - In Christian Miller (ed.), The Bloomsbury Companion to Ethics. London: Bloomsbury Academic.
     
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  27. La duda como método de conocimiento.B. Ortiz & C. Julio - 1975 - Panamá: [S.N.].
     
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  28.  59
    Self-Consciousness as a Product of Biological Evolution.B. Korzeniewski - 2020 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 27 (7-8):50-76.
    This paper argues that self-consciousness and associated psychic consciousness emerges as a consequence of a recursive selfdirecting on itself of the cognitive centre in the human brain. The neural mechanisms and circuits underlying self-consciousness appeared and developed during biological evolution as an adaptation that increased the fitness of our social ancestors, chances of their survival, and reproduction. These mechanisms/circuits strengthened the efficiency of individuals in various social relations, enabled separation of 'I' from 'he/she' or 'them' and the formation of firstand (...)
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  29.  40
    E-Type Pronouns And E-Terms.B. H. Slater - 1986 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 16 (March):27-38.
    Speaking of Professor Geach's belief that pronouns in natural language function like the bound variables in quantification theory, Gareth Evans, in ‘Pronouns, Quantifiers, and Relative Clauses - I’ says :I want to try to show that there are pronouns with quantifier antecedents that function in a quite different way. Such pronouns typically stand in a different grammatical relation to their antecedents, and; in contrast with bound pronouns, must be assigned a reference, so that their most immediate sentential contexts can (...)
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  30.  33
    Towards a formalization of Hull's behavior theory.Frederic B. Fitch & Gladys Barry - 1950 - Philosophy of Science 17 (3):260-265.
    This paper is a tentative step toward formalizing in symbolic logic some of the central assumptions of Clark L. Hull's theory of behavior. There will be noticeable deviations from Hull's own terminology and form of statement, but this will be largely in the interest of greater logical simplicity. The notation of symbolic logic will not be used, but the behavioral axioms will be so stated as to admit of easy translation into such notation. Such easy translatability seems to be (...)
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  31.  44
    A remembrance of an event – foreword to “the two factor theory of the mind–brain relation” by Ullin T. place.C. B. Martin - 2000 - Brain and Mind 1 (1):27-27.
  32.  31
    Review essay / the best intuitionistic theory yet! Thomson on rights.M. B. E. Smith - 1992 - Criminal Justice Ethics 11 (2):85-97.
    Judith Jarvis Thomson, The Realm Of Rights Harvard University Press, 1990, viii, 383pp.
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  33.  22
    On the existence and the role of chaotic processes in the nervous system.B. Doyon - 1992 - Acta Biotheoretica 40 (2-3):113-119.
    Chaos theory is a rapidly growing field. As a technical term, chaos refers to deterministic but unpredictable processes being sensitively dependent upon initial conditions. Neurobiological models and experimental results are very complicated and some research groups have tried to pursue the neuronal chaos. Babloyantz's group has studied the fractal dimension (d) of electroencephalograms (EEG) in various physiological and pathological states. From deep sleep (d=4) to full awakening (d>8), a hierarchy of strange attractors paralles the hierarchy of states of consciousness. (...)
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  34.  51
    Translating the ICAP Theory of Cognitive Engagement Into Practice.Michelene T. H. Chi, Joshua Adams, Emily B. Bogusch, Christiana Bruchok, Seokmin Kang, Matthew Lancaster, Roy Levy, Na Li, Katherine L. McEldoon, Glenda S. Stump, Ruth Wylie, Dongchen Xu & David L. Yaghmourian - 2018 - Cognitive Science 42 (6):1777-1832.
    ICAP is a theory of active learning that differentiates students’ engagement based on their behaviors. ICAP postulates that Interactive engagement, demonstrated by co‐generative collaborative behaviors, is superior for learning to Constructive engagement, indicated by generative behaviors. Both kinds of engagement exceed the benefits of Active or Passive engagement, marked by manipulative and attentive behaviors, respectively. This paper discusses a 5‐year project that attempted to translate ICAP into a theory of instruction using five successive measures: (a) teachers’ understanding of (...)
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  35.  23
    Facial Movement, Breathing, Temperature, and Affect: Implications of the Vascular Theory of Emotional Efference.Daniel N. McIntosh R. B. Zajonc Peter S. V. - 1997 - Cognition and Emotion 11 (2):171-196.
  36.  7
    Who Will Remember You?: A Philosophical Study and Theory of Memory and Will.Israel B. Bitton - 2021 - Lanham: Hamilton Books.
    This interdisciplinary work is premised on a holistic account of the historical, philosophical, neuroscientific, and sociocultural aspects of memory that yields a novel theory: the primary human drive is not to “power” or “pleasure” but to significance and memorability. Above all, we want to be cosmically important and remembered.
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  37.  24
    Sales agents and clients: Ethics, incentives, and a modified theory of planned behavior.Nancy B. Kurland - 1994 - Business and Society 33 (1):140-141.
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  38.  34
    The Epsilon Calculus and its Applications.B. H. Slater - 1991 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 41 (1):175-205.
    The paper presents and applies Hilbert's Epsilon Calculus, first describing its standard proof theory, and giving it an intensional semantics. These are contrasted with the proof theory of Fregean Predicate Logic, and the traditional (extensional) choice function semantics for the calculus. The semantics provided show that epsilon terms are referring terms in Donnellan's sense, enabling the symbolisation and validation of argument forms involving E-type pronouns, both in extensional and intensional contexts. By providing for transparency in intensional constructions they (...)
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  39. Visualizability and Models in the Theory of Elementary Particles.I. B. Novik - 1965 - In I. V. Kuznet︠s︡ov & M. E. Omelʹi︠a︡novsʹkyĭ (eds.), Philosophical problems of elementary particle physics. Jerusalem,: Israel Program for Scientific Translations.
  40.  6
    The Living Tree: Fixity and Flexibility a General Theory of (Judicial Review in a) Constitutional Democracy?Imer B. Flores - 2008 - Problema. Anuario de Filosofía y Teoria Del Derecho 1 (2):285-305.
    In this article the author aims to assess Wilfrid J. Waluchow’s more recent book, by depicting its main aim, namely to provide a better understanding of judicial review in a constitutional democracy via the “living tree” metaphor; by disapproving an unwarranted claim, purposely to reduce the metaphor to the common law (bottom-up) methodology; and by re-developing his alternative, specifically to identify the community’s constitutional political morality, with a friendly amendment, which is already explicit —or at least somehow implicit— on it, (...)
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  41. What is originalism? : the evolution of contemporary originalist theory.Lawrence B. Solum - 2011 - In Grant Huscroft & Bradley W. Miller (eds.), The challenge of originalism: theories of constitutional interpretation. New York: Cambridge University Press.
  42.  24
    Adorno's Aesthetic Theory. The Redemption of IllusionNotes to Literature, Volume One.Lee B. Brown - 1993 - Journal of Aesthetic Education 27 (2):117.
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  43. Hypothesis for a ceptacle theory.Oren B. Taft - 1900 - Chicago,: Lakeside press.
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  44.  44
    A no-go theorem about rotation in relativity theory.David B. Malament - unknown
    Within the framework of general relativity, in some cases at least, it is a delicate and interesting question just what it means to say that an extended body is or is not "rotating". It is so for two reasons. First, one can easily think of different criteria of rotation. Though they agree if the background spacetime structure is sufficiently simple, they do not do so in general. Second, none of the criteria fully answers to our classical intuitions. Each one exhibits (...)
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  45.  27
    Projective spacetime.B. E. Eichinger - 1977 - Foundations of Physics 7 (9-10):673-703.
    It is suggested that the world is locally projectively flat rather than Euclidean. From this postulate it is shown that an (N+1)-particle system has the global geometry of the symmetric spaceSO(4,N+1)/SO(4)×SO(N+1). A complex representation also exists, with structureSU(2,N+1)/S[U(2)×U(N+1)]. Several aspects of these geometrics are developed. Physical states are taken to be eigenfunctions of the Laplace-Beltrami operators. The theory may provide a rational basis for comprehending the groupsSO(4, 2),SU(2)×U(1),SU(3), etc., of current interest.
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  46.  43
    Putting the puzzle together: Toward a general theory of the neural correlates of consciousness.J. B. Newman - 1997 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 4 (1):47-66.
    Part I of this two-part paper provided a broad overview of clinical and experimental findings bearing on the neural correlates of conscious processes. It was argued that several neurocognitive models related to: orienting to the outer world, dream sleep, and the integration of sensory-motor representations, converge upon a core ‘conscious system’, dubbed the extended reticular-thalamic activating system . The functions of the ERTAS, which shares extensive projections with the cerebral cortex, are mostly ‘implicit’, in contrast to the explicit representation of (...)
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  47. A revision of hohfeld's theory of legal concepts.Frederic B. Fitch - 1967 - Logique Et Analyse 10:269-276.
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  48. The Concept of Philosophical Education.Steinar Bøyum - 2010 - Educational Theory 60 (5):543-559.
    Strangely, the concept of philosophical education is not much in use, at least not as a philosophical concept. In this essay, Steinar Bøyum attempts to outline such a philosophical concept of philosophical education. Bøyum uses Plato's Allegory of the Cave, René Descartes's life of doubt, and Immanuel Kant's criticism of metaphysics as paradigms or defining examples of this concept. Bøyum's aim in this essay is not exegetical; rather, he hopes to describe these examples in a way that will let their (...)
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  49.  64
    General models, descriptions, and choice in type theory.Peter B. Andrews - 1972 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 37 (2):385-394.
  50.  5
    Relativity, the theory and its philosophy.Roger B. Angel - 1980 - New York: Pergamon Press.
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