Results for 'B. B. J'

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  1.  19
    Malina, B J & Neyrey, J H - Portraits of Paul: An Archaeology of Ancient Personality.B. J. Malina & J. H. Neyrey - 1998 - Hts Theological Studies 54 (1/2).
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  2.  86
    Doing and Deserving: Essays in the Theory of Responsibility.B. J. Diggs - 1974 - Journal of Philosophy 71 (3):90-96.
  3. WEBB, C. C. J. -Problems in the Relations of God with Man[REVIEW]J. B. B. J. B. B. - 1914 - Mind 23:439.
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  4. Epistemological Disjunctivism and the New Evil Demon.B. J. C. Madison - 2014 - Acta Analytica 29 (1):61-70.
    In common with traditional forms of epistemic internalism, epistemological disjunctivism attempts to incorporate an awareness condition on justification. Unlike traditional forms of internalism, however, epistemological disjunctivism rejects (...)
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  5. On Justifications and Excuses.B. J. C. Madison - 2018 - Synthese 195 (10):4551-4562.
    The New Evil Demon problem has been hotly debated since the case was introduced in the early 1980s (e.g. Lehrer and Cohen 1983; Cohen 1984), and (...) there seems to be recent increased interest in the topic. In a forthcoming collection of papers on the New Evil Demon problem (Dutant and Dorsch, forthcoming), at least two of the papers, both by prominent epistemologists, attempt to resist the problem by appealing to the distinction between justification and excuses. My primary aim here is to critically evaluate this new excuse maneuver as a response to the New Evil Demon problem. -/- Their response attempts to give us reason to reject the idea that victims of the New Evil Demon have justification for believing as they do. I shall argue that this approach is ultimately unsuccessful, however much of value can be learned from these attempts. In particular, progress in the debate can be made by following those who advance the excuse maneuver and make explicit the connection between epistemic justification and epistemic norms. By doing so, the questions being debated are clarified, as is the methodology being used to attempt to answer them. (shrink)
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  6. Epistemic Value and the New Evil Demon.B. J. C. Madison - 2017 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 98 (1):89-107.
    In this article I argue that the value of epistemic justification cannot be adequately explained as being instrumental to truth. I intend to show that false belief, (...)
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  7. Consciousness Provides the Nervous System with Coherent, Globally Distributed Information.B. J. Baars - 1983 - In Richard J. Davidson, Gary E. Schwartz & D. H. Shapiro (eds.), Consciousness and Self-Regulation. Plenum. pp. 101.
  8.  6
    An Essay on Free Will.B. J. Garrett - 1984 - Philosophical Quarterly 34 (135):171-172.
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  9. Combating Anti Anti-Luck Epistemology.B. J. C. Madison - 2011 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 89 (1):47-58.
    One thing nearly all epistemologists agree upon is that Gettier cases are decisive counterexamples to the tripartite analysis of knowledge; whatever else is true of knowledge, it (...)
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  10. Internalism and Externalism.B. J. C. Madison - 2017 - In Sven Bernecker & Kourken Michaelian (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Memory. Routledge. pp. 283-295.
    This chapter first surveys general issues in the epistemic internalism / externalism debate: what is the distinction, what motivates it, and what arguments can be given on both (...) sides. -/- The second part of the chapter will examine the internalism / externalism debate as regards to the specific case of the epistemology of memory belief. (shrink)
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  11. Perspectives on Socially Shared Cognition.J. V. Wertsch, L. B. Resnick, J. M. Levine & S. D. Teasley - 1991 - In Lauren Resnick, Levine B., M. John, Stephanie Teasley & D. (eds.), Perspectives on Socially Shared Cognition. American Psychological Association.
     
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  12.  80
    On When a Semantics is Not a Semantics: Some Reasons for Disliking the Routley-Meyer Semantics for Relevance Logic[REVIEW]B. J. Copeland - 1979 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 8 (1):399-413.
  13.  38
    The Foundations of Empirical Knowledge.J. B. - 1941 - Journal of Philosophy 38 (8):219.
  14.  69
    Imaging the Developing Brain: What Have We Learned About Cognitive Development?B. J. Casey, N. Tottenham, C. Liston & S. Durston - 2005 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 9 (3):104-110.
  15. Vagueness and identity.B. J. Garrett - 1988 - Analysis 48 (3):130.
    The thesis that there can be vague objects is the thesis that there can be identity statements which are indeterminate in truth-value (i.e., neither true nor (...) false) as a result of vagueness (as opposed, e.g., to reference-failure), "the singular terms of which do not have their references fixed by vague descriptive means". (if this is "not" what is meant by the thesis that there can be vague objects, it is not clear what "is" meant by it.) the possibility of vague objects should not be taken, in itself, to imply the more radical thesis that the identity relation can be one of "degree". one can hold that the concept of degrees of identity is absurd (how can one thing be more or less identical to another?) "and" that indeterminacy in identity is possible; hence, any incoherence in the idea of degrees of identity does not thereby undermine the idea of indeterminate identity. (shrink)
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  16.  5
    Changing Climates: Introduction.B. Szerszynski & J. Urry - 2010 - Theory, Culture and Society 27 (2-3):1-8.
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  17.  38
    Identity in the Information Society-Special Issue, Edited by J. Backhouse, B.-J. Koops, V. Matyas.James Backhouse, B. -J. Koops & V. Matyas - 2008 - Identity in the Information Society 1 (1):1-228.
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  18.  8
    Associations of Prostate Cancer Risk Variants with Disease Aggressiveness: Results of the NCI-SPORE Genetics Working Group Analysis of 18,343 Cases[REVIEW]B. T. Helfand, K. A. Roehl, P. R. Cooper, B. B. McGuire, L. M. Fitzgerald, G. Cancel-Tassin, J. N. Cornu, S. Bauer, E. L. Van Blarigan, X. Chen, D. Duggan, E. A. Ostrander, M. Gwo-Shu, Z. F. Zhang, S. C. Chang, S. Jeong, E. T. H. Fontham, G. Smith, J. L. Mohler, S. I. Berndt, S. K. McDonnell, R. Kittles, B. A. Rybicki, M. Freedman, P. W. Kantoff, M. Pomerantz, J. P. Breyer, Smith Jr, T. R. Rebbeck, D. Mercola, W. B. Isaacs, F. Wiklund, O. Cussenot, S. N. Thibodeau, D. J. Schaid, L. Cannon-Albright, K. A. Cooney, S. J. Chanock, J. L. Stanford, J. M. Chan, J. Witte, J. Xu, J. T. Bensen, J. A. Taylor & W. J. Catalona - unknown
    © 2015, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.Genetic studies have identified single nucleotide polymorphisms associated with the risk of prostate cancer. It remains unclear whether such genetic variants are (...)associated with disease aggressiveness. The NCI-SPORE Genetics Working Group retrospectively collected clinicopathologic information and genotype data for 36 SNPs which at the time had been validated to be associated with PC risk from 25,674 cases with PC. Cases were grouped according to race, Gleason score and aggressiveness. Statistical analyses were used to compare the frequency of the SNPs between different disease cohorts. After adjusting for multiple testing, only PC-risk SNP rs2735839 was significantly and inversely associated with aggressive and high-grade disease in European men. Similar associations with aggressive and high-grade disease were documented in African-American subjects. The G allele of rs2735839 was associated with disease aggressiveness even at low PSA levels in both European and African-American men. Our results provide further support that a PC-risk SNP rs2735839 near the KLK3 gene on chromosome 19q13 may be associated with aggressive and high-grade PC. Future prospectively designed, case-case GWAS are needed to identify additional SNPs associated with PC aggressiveness. (shrink)
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  19. STIRLING, A. H. - James Hutchinson Stirling: His Life and Work[REVIEW]J. B. B. J. B. B. - 1912 - Mind 21:564.
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  20. Parietal Lobe Contributions to Episodic Memory Retrieval.A. D. Wagner, B. J. Shannon, I. Kahn & R. L. Buckner - 2005 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 9 (9):445-453.
  21. Review: B. J. Copeland, On When a Semantics is Not a Semantics: Some Reasons for Disliking the Routley-Meyer Semantics for Relevance Logic[REVIEW]Johan van Benthem - 1984 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 49 (3):994-995.
  22.  21
    Economics and Ethics.B. J. Reilly & M. J. Kyj - 1990 - Journal of Business Ethics 9 (9):691-698.
    Business theory and management practices are outgrowths of basic economic principles. To evaluate the proper place of ethics in business, the meaning of ethics as defined by (...)
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  23.  7
    A Review of the Principal Questions in Morals[REVIEW]J. L. B., Richard Price & D. Daiches Raphael - 1949 - Journal of Philosophy 46 (22):733.
  24.  13
    Language and Myth[REVIEW]J. B. - 1946 - Journal of Philosophy 43 (21):582-584.
  25. Epistemic Internalism, Justification, and Memory.B. J. C. Madison - 2014 - Logos and Episteme 5 (1):33-62.
    Epistemic internalism, by stressing the indispensability of the subjects perspective, strikes many as plausible at first blush. However, many people have tended to reject the position (...)because certain kinds of beliefs have been thought to pose special problems for epistemic internalism. For example, internalists tend to hold that so long as a justifier is available to the subject either immediately or upon introspection, it can serve to justify beliefs. Many have thought it obvious that no such view can be correct, as it has been alleged that internalism cannot account for the possibility of the justification of beliefs stored in memory. -/- My aim in this paper is to offer a response that explains how memory justification is possible in a way that is consistent with epistemic internalism and an awareness condition on justification. Specifically, I will explore the plausibility of various options open to internalists, including both foundationalist and non-foundationalist approaches to the structure of justification. I intend to show that despite other difficult challenges that epistemic internalism might face, memory belief poses no special problems that the resources of internalism cannot adequately address. (shrink)
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  26.  57
    Walking the Tightrope of Just War[REVIEW]B. J. Strawser - 2011 - Analysis 71 (3):533-544.
  27.  37
    The Effect of Clinical Medical Ethics Consultation on Healthcare Costs.B. J. Heilicser, D. Meltzer & M. Siegler - 2000 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 11 (1):31.
  28. On the Compatibility of Epistemic Internalism and Content Externalism.B. J. C. Madison - 2009 - Acta Analytica 24 (3):173-183.
    In this paper I consider a recent argument of Timothy Williamsons that epistemic internalism and content externalism are indeed incompatible, and since he takes content externalism (...)to be above reproach, so much the worse for epistemic internalism. However, I argue that epistemic internalism, properly understood, remains substantially unaffected no matter which view of content turns out to be correct. What is key to the New Evil Genius thought experiment is that, given everything of which the inhabitants are consciously aware, the two worlds are subjectively indistinguishable for them, which is what matters on internalist accounts of epistemic justification. I argue that even if a standard moral of the New Evil Genius intuition is untenable due to considerations arising from content externalism, the case can be understood as supporting epistemic internalism in a way that is wholly compatible with content externalism. In short, epistemic internalism is committed to sameness of justificatory status between subjectively indistinguishable counterparts, not sameness of content of their justifiers. (shrink)
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  29.  15
    Biology and Philosophy: The Methodological Foundations of Biometry.B. J. Norton - 1975 - Journal of the History of Biology 8 (1):85 - 93.
  30.  71
    Turing's O-Machines, Searle, Penrose and the Brain.B. J. Copeland - 1998 - Analysis 58 (2):128-138.
  31.  57
    A Rousseau Dictionary.C. J. B. & N. J. H. Dent - 1993 - Philosophical Quarterly 43 (173):582.
    The social, educational and political writings of Jean-Jacques Rousseau have become enormously influential in the 200 years since his death. But the breadth as well as (...)the depth of Rousseau's achievement - he was amongst other things a creative writer and musical composer as well as a philosopher - is not always appreciated. In around 100 articles, alphabetically arranged and fully cross-referenced, N. J. H. Dent explores all facets of Rousseau's work and thoughts, while his subject's remarkable life is summarized in a biographical introduction. Details of works by and about Rousseau are listed in an extensive bibliography. For students or general readers seeking an introduction to Rousseau's work, and for those already familiar with the material who require a convenient reference source, this dictionary is essential reading. (shrink)
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  32.  72
    Clues to the Paradoxes of Knowability: Reply to Dummett and Tennant.B. Brogaard & J. Salerno - 2002 - Analysis 62 (2):143-150.
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  33.  86
    What is Erased in the Quantum Erasure?B. J. Hiley & R. E. Callaghan - 2006 - Foundations of Physics 36 (12):1869-1883.
    In this paper, we re-examine a series of gedanken welcher Weg (WW) experiments introduced by Scully, Englert and Walther that contain the essential ideas underlying the (...)quantum eraser. For this purpose we use the Bohm model which gives a sharp picture of the behaviour of the atoms involved in these experiments. This model supports the thesis that interference disappears in such WW experiments, even though the centre of mass wave function remains coherent throughout the experiment. It also shows exactly what it means to saythat the interference can be restored by manipulating the WW detectors long after the atoms have passed’. It does not support Wheelers notion thatthe past is undefined and undefinable without the observation (in the present)’. (shrink)
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  34.  33
    结构论: 生物系统泛进化理论.B. J. Zeng - 2008 - Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 43:273-287.
    Modern science developed in the interflow of culture between west and east. Combing of pratice technology with philosophic thoughts formed experimental method. Holistic views contacting atomism produced (...)
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  35.  53
    Influence of Physicians' Life Stances on Attitudes to End-of-Life Decisions and Actual End-of-Life Decision-Making in Six Countries.J. Cohen, J. van Delden, F. Mortier, R. Lofmark, M. Norup, C. Cartwright, K. Faisst, C. Canova, B. Onwuteaka-Philipsen & J. Bilsen - 2008 - Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (4):247-253.
    Aim: To examine how physicianslife stances affect their attitudes to end-of-life decisions and their actual end-of-life decision-making.Methods: Practising physicians from various specialties (...)
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  36. Noonan, 'best candidate' theories and the ship of Theseus.B. J. Garrett - 1985 - Analysis 45 (4):212.
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  37.  20
    Nurses' Perceptions of and Responses to Morally Distressing Situations.C. Varcoe, B. Pauly, J. Storch, L. Newton & K. Makaroff - 2012 - Nursing Ethics 19 (4):488-500.
    Research on moral distress has paid limited attention to nursesresponses and actions. In a survey of nursesperceptions of moral distress and ethical climate, 292 nurses (...)
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  38. Is Justification Knowledge?B. J. C. Madison - 2010 - Journal of Philosophical Research 35:173-191.
    Analytic epistemologists agree that, whatever else is true of epistemic justification, it is distinct from knowledge. However, if recent work by Jonathan Sutton is correct, this view (...)
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  39.  16
    Balancing Urgency, Age and Quality of Life in Organ Allocation DecisionsWhat Would You Do?: a Survey.J. E. Stahl, A. C. Tramontano, J. S. Swan & B. J. Cohen - 2008 - Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (2):109-115.
    Purpose: Explore public attitudes towards the trade-offs between justice and medical outcome inherent in organ allocation decisions.Background: The US Task Force on Organ Transplantation recommended that (...) considerations of justice, autonomy and medical outcome be part of all organ allocation decisions. Justice in this context may be modeled as a function of three types of need, related to age, clinical urgency, and quality of life.Methods: A web-based survey was conducted in which respondents were asked to choose between two hypothetical patients who differed in clinical urgency , age, pretransplant and post-transplant quality of life, and life expectancy.Results: A pool of 1600 people were notified via email about the survey; 623 responded. Respondents preferred giving organs to younger people up to an age difference of <15.4 years and more clinically urgent people up to a difference in urgency of <2.54 months . Priority varied with the quality of life of the worst-off patient and the relative status of the patients. If both had worse than average quality of life, respondents preferred the better-off patient. When both had better than average quality of life, they preferred the worse-off patient. In analysis according to age versus clinical urgency, the older the patient, the more urgency needed to receive priority. In quality of life versus clinical urgency, the better the controls quality of life, the more urgency the competing patient required. The worse the patients post-transplant outcome, the more urgency needed to receive priority.Conclusions: It appears that clinical urgency is only one of many factors influencing attitudes about allocation decisions and that respondents may invoke different principles of fairness depending the relative clinical status of patients. (shrink)
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  40. Newton's Alchemy and His Theory of Matter.B. J. T. Dobbs - 1982 - Isis 73:511--528.
  41.  29
    What is a Semantics for Classical Negation?B. J. Copeland - 1986 - Mind 95 (380):478-490.
  42.  44
    The Trouble Anderson and Belnap Have with Relevance.B. J. Copeland - 1980 - Philosophical Studies 37 (4):325 - 334.
  43.  70
    Clifford Algebras and the Dirac-Bohm Quantum Hamilton-Jacobi Equation.B. J. Hiley & R. E. Callaghan - 2012 - Foundations of Physics 42 (1):192-208.
    In this paper we show how the dynamics of the Schrödinger, Pauli and Dirac particles can be described in a hierarchy of Clifford algebras, ${\mathcal{C}}_{1, (...)3}, {\mathcal{C}}_{3,0}$ , and ${\mathcal{C}}_{0,1}$ . Information normally carried by the wave function is encoded in elements of a minimal left ideal, so that all the physical information appears within the algebra itself. The state of the quantum process can be completely characterised by algebraic invariants of the first and second kind. The latter enables us to show that the Bohm energy and momentum emerge from the energy-momentum tensor of standard quantum field theory. Our approach provides a new mathematical setting for quantum mechanics that enables us to obtain a complete relativistic version of the Bohm model for the Dirac particle, deriving expressions for the Bohm energy-momentum, the quantum potential and the relativistic time evolution of its spin for the first time. (shrink)
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  44.  28
    Strategies for Consulting with the Community: The Cases of Four Large-Scale Genetic Databases.B. Godard, J. Marshall, C. Laberge & B. M. Knoppers - 2004 - Science and Engineering Ethics 10 (3):457-477.
    Large-scale genetic databases are being developed in several countries around the world. However, these databases depend on public participation and acquiescence. In the past, information campaigns (...)have been waged and little attention has been paid to dialogue. Nowadays, it is important to include the public in the development of scientific research and to encourage a free, open and useful dialogue among those involved. This paper is a review of community consultation strategies as part of four proposed large-scale genetic databases in Iceland, Estonia, United Kingdom and Quebec. The Iceland Health Sector Database and Estonian Genome Project have followed acommunication approachin order to address public concerns, whereas, UK Biobank and Quebec CARTaGENE have chosen apartnership approachto involve the public in decision-making processes. (shrink)
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  45.  14
    The Biometric Defense of Darwinism.B. J. Norton - 1973 - Journal of the History of Biology 6 (2):283-316.
  46.  88
    Pure Semantics and Applied Semantics.B. J. Copeland - 1983 - Topoi 2 (2):197-204.
  47.  40
    Classic American Philosophers. Peirce, James, Royce, Santayana, Dewey, Whitehead.J. L. B. - 1951 - Journal of Philosophy 48 (17):536-537.
  48.  10
    The Bathymetry and Possible Origin of Lakes Sibayi, Nhlange and Sifungwe in Zululand.B. J. Hill - 1969 - Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 38 (3):205-216.
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  49.  53
    Rules and Utilitarianism.B. J. Diggs - 1964 - American Philosophical Quarterly 1 (1):32 - 44.
  50.  10
    LXXVII. Soft X-Ray Spectroscopy of Solid Solutions of Aluminium and Magnesium.B. Gale & J. Trotter - 1956 - Philosophical Magazine 1 (8):759-770.
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