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Baruch Brody
Rice University
  1.  78
    The Ethics of Biomedical Research: An International Perspective.Baruch A. Brody - 1998 - Oxford University Press.
    A broad critical review of national policies on biomedical research - human, epidemiologic, clinical trials, genetic, reproductive, etc.
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  2.  1
    Identity and Essence.Baruch A. Brody - 1980 - Princeton University Press.
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  3. Life and Death Decision Making.Baruch A. Brody - 1988 - Oxford University Press.
    Integrating theory with case studies, this book examines the practical application of moral theory in clinical decision-making through 40 composite cases based on actual clinical experience. Complex, realistic, and challenging, these examples contain the multiplicity of factors faced in clinical crises, making this a superb exploration of the ways in which theory relates to actual life-or-death situations.
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  4.  56
    Towards an Aristotelean Theory of Scientific Explanation.B. A. Brody - 1972 - Philosophy of Science 39 (1):20-31.
    In this paper, I consider a variety of objections against the covering-law model of scientific explanation, show that Aristotle was already aware of them and had solutions for them, and argue that these solutions are correct. These solutions involve the notions of nonHumean causality and of essential properties. There are a great many familiar objections, both methodological and epistemological, to introducing these concepts into the methodology of science, but I show that these objections are based upon misunderstandings of these concepts.
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  5.  3
    Readings in the Philosophy of Science.Baruch A. Brody - 1970 - Englewood Cliffs, N.J., Prentice-Hall.
  6.  57
    Is Futility a Futile Concept?B. A. Brody & A. Halevy - 1995 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 20 (2):123-144.
    This paper distinguishes four major types of futility (physiological, imminent demise, lethal condition, and qualitative) that have been advocated in the literature either in a patient dependent or a patient independent fashion. It proposes five criteria (precision, prospective, social acceptability, significant number, and non-agreement) that any definition of futility must satisfy if it is to serve as the basis for unilaterally limiting futile care. It then argues that none of the definitions that have been advocated meet the criteria, primarily because (...)
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  7. Intellectual Property, State Sovereignty, and Biotechnology.Baruch A. Brody - 2010 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 20 (1):pp. 51-73.
  8.  12
    Doubly Distributing Special Obligations: What Professional Practice Can Learn From Parenting.Jon Tilburt & Baruch Brody - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics 44 (3):212-216.
    A traditional ethic of medicine asserts that physicians have special obligations to individual patients with whom they have a clinical relationship. Contemporary trends in US healthcare financing like bundled payments seem to threaten traditional conceptions of special obligations of individual physicians to individual patients because their population-based focus sets a tone that seems to emphasise responsibilities for groups of patients by groups of physicians in an organisation. Prior to undertaking a cogent debate about the fate and normative weight of special (...)
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  9.  30
    The Task Force Responds.Baruch Brody, Nancy Dubler, Jeff Blustein, Arthur Caplan, Jeffrey P. Kahn, Nancy Kass, Bernard Lo, Jonathan Moreno, Jeremy Sugarman & Laurie Zoloth - 2002 - Hastings Center Report 32 (3):22-23.
  10.  53
    Abortion and the Sanctity of Human Life.B. A. Brody - 1973 - American Philosophical Quarterly 10 (2):133 - 140.
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  11. Why Settle for Anything Less Than Good Old-Fashioned Aristotelian Essentialism.Baruch A. Brody - 1973 - Noûs 7 (4):351-365.
  12. A Taxonomy of Multinational Ethical and Methodological Standards for Clinical Trials of Therapeutic Interventions.C. M. Ashton, N. P. Wray, A. F. Jarman, J. M. Kolman, D. M. Wenner & B. A. Brody - 2011 - Journal of Medical Ethics 37 (6):368-373.
    Background If trials of therapeutic interventions are to serve society's interests, they must be of high methodological quality and must satisfy moral commitments to human subjects. The authors set out to develop a clinical - trials compendium in which standards for the ethical treatment of human subjects are integrated with standards for research methods. Methods The authors rank-ordered the world's nations and chose the 31 with >700 active trials as of 24 July 2008. Governmental and other authoritative entities of the (...)
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  13.  16
    Abortion and the Sanctity of Human Life: A Philosophical View.Baruch A. Brody - 1975 - MIT Press.
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  14.  25
    Readings in the Philosophy of Religion: An Analytic Approach.Baruch A. Brody - 1954 - Englewood Cliffs, N.J., Prentice-Hall.
    This anthology brings together 59 classic and contemporary readings on the philosophy of religion which stress, in particular, the analytical viewpoint.
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  15.  50
    Pharmacogenetics: Ethical Issues and Policy Options.Allen E. Buchanan, Andrea Califano, Jeffrey Kahn, Elizabeth McPherson, John A. Robertson & Baruch A. Brody - 2002 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 12 (1):1-15.
    : Pharmacogenetics offers the prospect of an era of safer and more effective drugs, as well as more individualized use of drug therapies. Before the benefits of pharmacogenetics can be realized, the ethical issues that arise in research and clinical application of pharmacogenetic technologies must be addressed. The ethical issues raised by pharmacogenetics can be addressed under six headings: regulatory oversight, confidentiality and privacy, informed consent, availability of drugs, access, and clinicians' changing responsibilities in the era of pharmacogenetic medicine. We (...)
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  16. Conflicts Among Multinational Ethical and Scientific Standards for Clinical Trials of Therapeutic Interventions.Jacob M. Kolman, Nelda P. Wray, Carol M. Ashton, Danielle M. Wenner, Anna F. Jarman & Baruch A. Brody - 2012 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 40 (1):99-121.
    There has been a growing concern over establishing norms that ensure the ethically acceptable and scientifically sound conduct of clinical trials. Among the leading norms internationally are the World Medical Association's Declaration of Helsinki, guidelines by the Council for International Organizations of Medical Sciences, the International Conference on Harmonization's standards for industry, and the CONSORT group's reporting norms, in addition to the influential U.S. Federal Common Rule, Food and Drug Administration's body of regulations, and information sheets by the Department of (...)
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  17.  38
    Doubly Distributing Special Obligations: What Professional Practice Can Learn From Parenting.Jon Tilburt & Baruch Brody - 2016 - Journal of Medical Ethics:medethics-2015-103071.
    A traditional ethic of medicine asserts that physicians have special obligations to individual patients with whom they have a clinical relationship. Contemporary trends in US healthcare financing like bundled payments seem to threaten traditional conceptions of special obligations of individual physicians to individual patients because their population-based focus sets a tone that seems to emphasise responsibilities for groups of patients by groups of physicians in an organisation. Prior to undertaking a cogent debate about the fate and normative weight of special (...)
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  18. Thomson on Abortion.Baruch Brody - 1972 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 1 (3):335-340.
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  19. Assessing Empirical Research in Bioethics.Baruch A. Brody - 1993 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 14 (3).
    Empirical research can aid ethical reflection in bioethics by identifying issues, by seeing how they are currently resolved, and by assessing the consequences of these current resolutions. This potential can be misused when the ethical issues in question are fundamentally non-consequentialist or when they are consequentialist but the empirical research fails to address the important consequences. An example of the former problem is some recent studies about bad consequences resulting from commercialized living kidney donor programs. These consequences could be avoided, (...)
     
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  20. Natural Kinds and Real Essences.B. A. Brody - 1967 - Journal of Philosophy 64 (14):431-446.
  21.  80
    Redistribution Without Egalitarianism.Baruch Brody - 1983 - Social Philosophy and Policy 1 (1):71.
    I will, in this paper, set out the philosophical foundations and the basic structure of a new theory of justice. I will argue that both these foundations and the theory which is based upon them are intuitively attractive and theoretically sound. Finally, I will argue that both are supported by the fact that they lead to attractive implications such as the following: One can justify at least some governmental redistributive programs which presuppose that those receiving the wealth have a right (...)
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  22.  58
    Intellectual Property and Biotechnology: The U.S. Internal Experience--Part I.Baruch A. Brody - 2006 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 16 (1):1-37.
    : In the development of biotechnology in the United States, many questions were raised about the appropriateness of applying to this area a traditional robust system of intellectual property rights. Despite these hesitations, the U.S. rejected suggested modifications. This was a mistake, and there is a need to develop a modified system that promotes more of the relevant ethical values.
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  23.  51
    Kripke on Proper Names.Baruch A. Brody - 1979 - In A. French Peter, E. Uehling Theodore, Howard Jr & K. Wettstein (eds.), Contemporary Perspectives in the Philosophy of Language. University of Minnesota Press. pp. 64-69.
    Kripke has argued that proper names, as rigid designators, cannot be equivalent in meaning to definite descriptions. in this paper, i argue that definite descriptions are sometimes used rigidly and that proper names are equivalent to definite descriptions used rigidly.
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  24.  88
    Intuitions and Objective Moral Knowledge.Baruch A. Brody - 1979 - The Monist 62 (4):446-456.
    Recent years have witnessed a proliferation of philosophical discussion about such concrete moral issues as just war, distribution of food aid, euthanasia, reverse discrimination, etc. Much of this discussion implicitly assumes that there are true and false positions on these issues, valid or invalid arguments for these positions, etc. Recent years have not witnessed, however, a proliferation of philosophical defenses of these assumptions. With the decline of metaethical discussions, these assumptions have remained just assumptions rather than the conclusions of a (...)
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  25.  31
    Intellectual Property and Biotechnology: The U.S. Internal Experience--Part II.Baruch A. Brody - 2006 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 16 (2):105-128.
    : Continuing the discussion begun in the March 2006 issue of the Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal, this paper further documents the failure of the United States to adequately consider possible modifications in the traditional robust system of intellectual property rights as applied to biotechnology. It discusses concrete suggestions for alternative disclosure requirements, for exemptions for research tools, and for improved access to clinical advances. In each of these cases, the modifications might be more responsive to the full set of (...)
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  26.  5
    Quality of Scholarship in Bioethics.Baruch A. Brody - 1990 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 15 (2):161-178.
    This paper identifies four major forms of scholarship in bioethics: empirical research, the articulation of mid-level principles of bioethics, the relating of these principles to fundamental moral theories, and discussions of the bioethical implications of legal principles and health delivery policies. It develops a reflective equilibrium approach to the relation between these four forms of scholarship. It then presents, in light of this approach, criteria for quality research in each of these forms of scholarship in bioethics. Keywords: quality of scholarship, (...)
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  27.  7
    Do Surgical Trials Meet the Scientific Standards for Clinical Trials.Danielle M. Wenner, Baruch A. Brody, Anna Jarman, Jacob M. Kolman, Nelda Wray & Carol Ashton - 2012 - Journal of the American College of Surgeons 215 (5):722-730.
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  28. Readings in the Philosophy of Religion an Analytic Approach.Baruch A. Brody - 1992
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  29.  9
    Public Goods and Fair Prices: Balancing Technological Innovation with Social Well‐Being.Baruch Brody - 1996 - Hastings Center Report 26 (2):5-11.
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  30.  39
    Confirmation and Explanation.B. A. Brody - 1968 - Journal of Philosophy 65 (10):282-299.
  31.  5
    Conceptual Idealism.Baruch Brody & Nicholas Rescher - 1975 - Philosophical Review 84 (4):580.
  32.  1
    Kripke on Proper Names.Baruch A. Brody - 1977 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 2 (1):64-69.
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  33.  59
    Freedom and Responsibility in Genetic Testing.Baruch A. Brody - 2002 - Social Philosophy and Policy 19 (2):343-359.
    Public statements by various international groups emphasize that decisions to undergo genetic screening, either for disease-carrier status or for predisposition-to-disease status, and decisions about the use of the resulting information should be made voluntarily by the party to be screened. For example, the World Medical Association, in its Declaration on the Human Genome Project, says, “One should respect the will of persons screened and their right to decide about participation and about the use of the information obtained.” Giving this principle (...)
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  34.  77
    Intellectual Property and Biotechnology: The European Debate.Baruch A. Brody - 2007 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 17 (2):69-110.
    : The European patent system allows for the introduction of moral issues into decisions about the granting of patents. This feature has greatly impacted European debates about the patenting of biotechnology. This essay explores the European experience, in both the European Union and the European Patent Organization. It argues that there has been great confusion surrounding these issues primarily because the Europeans have not developed a general theory about when exclusion from patentability is the best social mechanism for dealing with (...)
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  35.  6
    The Legacy of Logical Positivism.Boruch A. Brody - 1972 - Philosophy of Science 39 (1):102-104.
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  36. Hume, Reid, and Kant on Causality.Baruch A. Brody - 1976 - In Stephen Francis Barker & Tom L. Beauchamp (eds.), Thomas Reid: Critical Interpretations. University City Science Center. pp. 3-8.
  37.  31
    Special Ethical Issues in the Management of PVS Patients.Baruch Brody - 1992 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 20 (1-2):104-115.
  38.  10
    Should All Research Subjects Be Treated the Same?Baruch Brody, Stephen A. Migueles & David Wendler - 2015 - Hastings Center Report 45 (1):17-20.
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  39.  39
    Innovation in Human Research Protection: The AbioCor Artificial Heart Trial.E. Haavi Morreim, George E. Webb, Harvey L. Gordon, Baruch Brody, David Casarett, Ken Rosenfeld, James Sabin, John D. Lantos, Barry Morenz, Robert Krouse & Stan Goodman - 2006 - American Journal of Bioethics 6 (5):W6-W16.
  40.  25
    Locke on the Identity of Persons.Baruch Brody - 1972 - American Philosophical Quarterly 9 (4):327 - 334.
  41.  17
    The President's Commission: The Need to Be More Philosophical.Baruch A. Brody - 1989 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 14 (4):369-383.
    This paper argues, contrary to what has sometimes been claimed, that public commissions need to be more philosophical than they have been in analyzing crucial bioethical issues. It argues (a) that the failure of the President's Commission to develop and use even simple distinctions between life and personhood led to flaws in both its discussion of death and its discussion of persistent vegetative patients, and (b) that its treatment of access to health care fails to develop a coherent approach precisely (...)
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  42.  38
    Introduction.Baruch A. Brody - 1990 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 15 (4):345-346.
  43.  21
    Ethical Questions Raised by the Persistent Vegetative Patient.Baruch A. Brody - 1988 - Hastings Center Report 18 (1):33-37.
  44.  32
    Reid and Hamilton on Perception.B. A. Brody - 1971 - The Monist 55 (3):423-441.
    Until a few years ago, the works of Thomas Reid were known only by specialists in the history of philosophy, and, insofar as people did think at all about Reid and his school of common sense philosophy, it was generally thought that Kant had been right in dismissing them as naive thinkers who did not really understand what philosophical skepticism was all about. This attitude about Reid changed very rapidly in recent years. More and more people now realize that Reid (...)
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  45.  19
    Marriage, Morality, & Sex‐Change Surgery: Four Traditions in Case Ethics.Baruch A. Brody, Richard A. Mccormick, David H. Smith & Stephen Toulmin - 1981 - Hastings Center Report 11 (4):8-13.
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  46.  9
    New Perspectives on Emergency Room Research.Baruch A. Brody - 1997 - Hastings Center Report 27 (1):7-7.
  47.  95
    De Re and de Dicto Interpretations of Modal Logic or a Return to an Aristotelean Essentialism.Baruch A. Brody - 1972 - Philosophia 2 (1-2):117-136.
  48.  65
    Towards a Theory of Respect for Persons.Baruch A. Brody - 1982 - Tulane Studies in Philosophy 31:61-76.
  49.  76
    Abortion and the Law.B. A. Brody - 1971 - Journal of Philosophy 68 (12):357-369.
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  50.  2
    Surgical Ethics.Laurence B. McCullough, James Wilson Jones & Baruch A. Brody - 1998 - Oxford University Press.
    The first textbook on the subject, this is a practical, clinically comprehensive guide to ethical issues in surgical practice, research, and education written by some of the most prominent figures in the fields of surgery and bioethics. Discussions of informed consent, confidentiality, and advance directives--core concepts integral to every surgeon-patient relationship--open the volume. Seven chapters tackle the ethical issues in surgical practice, covering the full range of surgical patients--from emergency, acute, high-risk, and elective patients, to poor surgical risk and dying (...)
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