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Bryson Brown
University of Lethbridge
Benjamin Brown
Hebrew University of Jerusalem
3 more
  1.  23
    International Handbook of Philosophy of Education.Ann Chinnery, Nuraan Davids, Naomi Hodgson, Kai Horsthemke, Viktor Johansson, Dirk Willem Postma, Claudia W. Ruitenberg, Paul Smeyers, Christiane Thompson, Joris Vlieghe, Hanan Alexander, Joop Berding, Charles Bingham, Michael Bonnett, David Bridges, Malte Brinkmann, Brian A. Brown, Carsten Bünger, Nicholas C. Burbules, Rita Casale, M. Victoria Costa, Brian Coyne, Renato Huarte Cuéllar, Stefaan E. Cuypers, Johan Dahlbeck, Suzanne de Castell, Doret de Ruyter, Samantha Deane, Sarah J. DesRoches, Eduardo Duarte, Denise Egéa, Penny Enslin, Oren Ergas, Lynn Fendler, Sheron Fraser-Burgess, Norm Friesen, Amanda Fulford, Heather Greenhalgh-Spencer, Stefan Herbrechter, Chris Higgins, Pádraig Hogan, Katariina Holma, Liz Jackson, Ronald B. Jacobson, Jennifer Jenson, Kerstin Jergus, Clarence W. Joldersma, Mark E. Jonas, Zdenko Kodelja, Wendy Kohli, Anna Kouppanou, Heikki A. Kovalainen, Lesley Le Grange, David Lewin, Tyson E. Lewis, Gerard Lum, Niclas Månsson, Christopher Martin & Jan Masschelein (eds.) - 2018 - Springer Verlag.
    This handbook presents a comprehensive introduction to the core areas of philosophy of education combined with an up-to-date selection of the central themes. It includes 95 newly commissioned articles that focus on and advance key arguments; each essay incorporates essential background material serving to clarify the history and logic of the relevant topic, examining the status quo of the discipline with respect to the topic, and discussing the possible futures of the field. The book provides a state-of-the-art overview of philosophy (...)
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  2.  93
    Markets, Interpersonal Practices, and Signal Distortion.Barry Maguire & Brookes Brown - 2019 - Philosophers' Imprint 19.
    Semiotic objections to market exchange of a good or service maintain that such exchanges signal an inappropriate attitude to the good or to associated individuals, and that this provides a weighty reason against having or participating in such markets. This style of argument has recently come under withering attack from Jason Brennan and Peter Jaworski (2015a, 2015b). They point out that the significance of any market exchange is explained by a contingent semiotic norm. Given the tremendous value that could be (...)
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  3. Chunk and Permeate, a Paraconsistent Inference Strategy. Part I: The Infinitesimal Calculus.Bryson Brown & Graham Priest - 2004 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 33 (4):379-388.
    In this paper we introduce a paraconsistent reasoning strategy, Chunk and Permeate. In this, information is broken up into chunks, and a limited amount of information is allowed to flow between chunks. We start by giving an abstract characterisation of the strategy. It is then applied to model the reasoning employed in the original infinitesimal calculus. The paper next establishes some results concerning the legitimacy of reasoning of this kind - specifically concerning the preservation of the consistency of each chunk (...)
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  4.  28
    The Ebola Outbreak in Western Africa: Ethical Obligations for Care.Aminu Yakubu, Morenike Oluwatoyin Folayan, Nasir Sani-Gwarzo, Patrick Nguku, Kristin Peterson & Brandon Brown - 2016 - Journal of Medical Ethics 42 (4):209-210.
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  5.  53
    How to Be Realistic About Inconsistency in Science.Bryson Brown - 1990 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 21 (2):281-294.
  6.  17
    Thing Theory.Bill Brown - 2001 - Critical Inquiry 28 (1):1-22.
  7.  72
    Yes, Virginia, There Really Are Paraconsistent Logics.Bryson Brown - 1999 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 28 (5):489-500.
    B. H. Slater has argued that there cannot be any truly paraconsistent logics, because it's always more plausible to suppose whatever "negation" symbol is used in the language is not a real negation, than to accept the paraconsistent reading. In this paper I neither endorse nor dispute Slater's argument concerning negation; instead, my aim is to show that as an argument against paraconsistency, it misses (some of) the target. A important class of paraconsistent logics - the preservationist logics - are (...)
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  8.  37
    Old Quantum Theory: A Paraconsistent Approach.Bryson Brown - 1992 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1992:397 - 411.
    Just what forms do (or should) our cognitive attitudes towards scientific theories take? The nature of cognitive commitment becomes particularly puzzling when scientists' commitments are) inconsistent. And inconsistencies have often infected our best efforts in science and mathematics. Since there are no models of inconsistent sets of sentences, straightforward semantic accounts fail. And syntactic accounts based on classical logic also collapse, since the closure of any inconsistent set under classical logic includes every sentence. In this essay I present some evidence (...)
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  9.  7
    A Call for Radical Transparency Regarding Research Payments.Emily E. Anderson & Brandon Brown - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (3):45-47.
    In the target article “Promoting Ethical Payment in Human Infection Challenge Studies,” Fernandez Lynch et al. call for more information sharing about research payment amounts to study parti...
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  10.  60
    Defending Backwards Causation.Bryson Brown - 1992 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 22 (4):429 - 443.
    Whether we’re reading H.G. Wells, Robert Heinlein, Ray Bradbury, or Kurt Vonnegut, time travel is a wonderful narrative trick, freeing a story from the normal ‘one damn thing after another’ progression of time. But many philosophers claim it can never be more than that because backwards causation in general, and time travel in particular, are logically impossible.In this paper I examine one type of argument commonly given for this disappointing conclusion: the time travel paradoxes. Happily for science fiction fans, these (...)
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  11.  14
    Ethical Considerations for HIV Cure-Related Research at the End of Life.Karine Dubé, Sara Gianella, Susan Concha-Garcia, Susan J. Little, Andy Kaytes, Jeff Taylor, Kushagra Mathur, Sogol Javadi, Anshula Nathan, Hursch Patel, Stuart Luter, Sean Philpott-Jones, Brandon Brown & Davey Smith - 2018 - BMC Medical Ethics 19 (1):83.
    The U.S. National Institute of Allergies and Infectious Diseases and the National Institute of Mental Health have a new research priority: inclusion of terminally ill persons living with HIV in HIV cure-related research. For example, the Last Gift is a clinical research study at the University of California San Diego for PLWHIV who have a terminal illness, with a prognosis of less than 6 months. As end-of-life HIV cure research is relatively new, the scientific community has a timely opportunity to (...)
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  12.  21
    Debating Ethics in HIV Research: Gaps Between Policy and Practice in Nigeria.Morenike Oluwatoyin Folayan, Kristin Peterson, Bridget Haire, Brandon Brown, Kadiri Audu, Olumide Makanjuola, Babatunde Pelemo & Vicki Marsh - 2015 - Developing World Bioethics 15 (3):214-225.
    HIV prevention is a critical health issue in Nigeria; a country that has one of the worst HIV epidemic profiles in the world. With 270,000 new infections in 2012, Nigeria is a prime site for HIV prevention research. One effect of the HIV epidemic has been to revolutionalise ethical norms for the conduct of research: it is now considered unethical to design and implement HIV related studies without community engagement. Unfortunately, there is very little commensurate effort in building the capacity (...)
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  13.  20
    Peter Vickers: Understanding Inconsistent Science. [REVIEW]Bryson Brown - 2015 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 46 (2):413-418.
  14.  8
    Philosophy of Ecology.Kevin deLaplante, Bryson Brown & Kent A. Peacock (eds.) - 2011 - North-Holland.
    The most pressing problems facing humanity today - over-population, energy shortages, climate change, soil erosion, species extinctions, the risk of epidemic disease, the threat of warfare that could destroy all the hard-won gains of civilization, and even the recent fibrillations of the stock market - are all ecological or have a large ecological component. in this volume philosophers turn their attention to understanding the science of ecology and its huge implications for the human project. To get the application of ecology (...)
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  15.  1
    The Need to Track Payment Incentives to Participate in HIV Research.Brandon Brown, Jerome T. Galea, Karine Dubé, Peter Davidson, Kaveh Khoshnood, Lisa Holtzman, Logan Marg & Jeff Taylor - 2018 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 40 (4):8-12.
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  16.  9
    Peruvian Female Sex Workers’ Ethical Perspectives on Their Participation in an HPV Vaccine Clinical Trial.Brandon Brown, Mariam Davtyan & Celia B. Fisher - 2015 - Ethics and Behavior 25 (2):115-128.
    This study examined female sex workers’ evaluation of ethically relevant experiences of participating in an HPV4 vaccine clinical trial conducted in Lima, Peru. The Sunflower Study provided all participants with HPV testing, treatment for those testing positive, and access to the vaccine for all testing negative. Themes that emerged from content analysis of interviews with 16 former participants included the importance of respectful treatment and access to healthcare not otherwise available and concerns about privacy protections, the potential for HIV stigma, (...)
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  17.  35
    A Solution to the Completeness Problem for Weakly Aggregative Modal Logic.Peter Apostoli & Bryson Brown - 1995 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 60 (3):832-842.
  18.  33
    The Do-Not-Resuscitate Order: Associations with Advance Directives, Physician Specialty and Documentation of Discussion 15 Years After the Patient Self-Determination Act.E. D. Morrell, B. P. Brown, R. Qi, K. Drabiak & P. R. Helft - 2008 - Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (9):642-647.
    Background: Since the passage of the Patient Self-Determination Act, numerous policy mandates and institutional measures have been implemented. It is unknown to what extent those measures have affected end-of-life care, particularly with regard to the do-not-resuscitate order.Methods: Retrospective cohort study to assess associations of the frequency and timing of DNR orders with advance directive status, patient demographics, physician’s specialty and extent of documentation of discussion on end-of-life care.Results: DNR orders were more frequent for patients on a medical service than on (...)
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  19.  17
    A Global Public Incentive Database for Human Subjects Research.B. Brown & M. W. Merritt - 2013 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 35 (2):14-17.
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  20.  46
    Logic and Aggregation.Bryson Brown & Peter Schotch - 1999 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 28 (3):265-288.
    Paraconsistent logic is an area of philosophical logic that has yet to find acceptance from a wider audience. The area remains, in a word, disreputable. In this essay, we try to reassure potential consumers that it is not necessary to become a radical in order to use paraconsistent logic. According to the radicals, the problem is the absurd classical account of contradiction: Classically inconsistent sets explode only because bourgeois classical semantics holds, in the face of overwhelming evidence to the contrary, (...)
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  21.  19
    Reification, Reanimation, and the American Uncanny.Bill Brown - 2006 - Critical Inquiry 32 (2):175.
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  22. Denis, P. St., 29 Ferreira, F., 165 Foulks, F., 235 Fuhrmann, A., 559 Guelev, DP, 575.L. Åqvist, R. Bradley, D. S. Bridges, B. Brown, D. DeVidi, C. Oakes, M. Pagnucco, G. Priest & P. la ReedRoeper - 1999 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 28 (663).
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  23.  11
    Double Talk: Synthesizing Everyday and Science Language in the Classroom.Bryan A. Brown & Eliza Spang - 2008 - Science Education 92 (4):708-732.
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  24.  75
    Post-Approval Monitoring and Oversight of U.S.-Initiated Human Subjects Research in Resource-Constrained Countries.Brandon Brown, Janni Kinsler, Morenike O. Folayan, Karen Allen & Carlos F. Cáceres - 2014 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 11 (2):119-123.
    The history of human subjects research and controversial procedures in relation to it has helped form the field of bioethics. Ethically questionable elements may be identified during research design, research implementation, management at the study site, or actions by a study’s investigator or other staff. Post-approval monitoring (PAM) may prevent violations from occurring or enable their identification at an early stage. In U.S.-initiated human subjects research taking place in resource-constrained countries with limited development of research regulatory structures, arranging a site (...)
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  25. Knowledge and Non-Contradiction.Bryson Brown - 2004 - In Graham Priest, J. C. Beall & Bradley Armour-Garb (eds.), The Law of Non-Contradiction. Clarendon Press.
     
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  26.  21
    Ethical Issues in Adolescents' Sexual and Reproductive Health Research in Nigeria.Morenike Oluwatoyin Folayan, Bridget Haire, Abigail Harrison, Morolake Odetoyingbo, Olawunmi Fatusi & Brandon Brown - 2015 - Developing World Bioethics 15 (3):191-198.
    There is increasing interest in the need to address the ethical dilemmas related to the engagement of adolescents in sexual and reproductive health research. Research projects, including those that address issues related to STIs and HIV, adverse pregnancy outcomes, violence, and mental health, must be designed and implemented to address the needs of adolescents. Decisions on when an individual has adequate capacity to give consent for research most commonly use age as a surrogate rather than directly assessing capacity to understand (...)
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  27.  14
    Scientific Literacy and Discursive Identity: A Theoretical Framework for Understanding Science Learning.Bryan A. Brown, John M. Reveles & Gregory J. Kelly - 2005 - Science Education 89 (5):779-802.
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  28.  9
    ""Focal Paper Halo-Removed Residuals of Fortune's" Responsibility to the Community and Environment"—A Decade of Data.Brad Brown & Susan Perry - 1995 - Business and Society 34 (2):199-215.
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  29.  13
    Objects, Others, and Us (The Refabrication of Things).Bill Brown - 2010 - Critical Inquiry 36 (2):183-217.
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  30.  6
    Pavlovian Factors in Choice Behavior.Bruce L. Brown - 1985 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 8 (2):333-333.
  31.  25
    Using the Ebola Outbreak as an Opportunity to Educate on Vaccine Utility.Brandon Brown - 2014 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 11 (4):415-416.
    The first domestic death from Ebola in the United States occurred in Texas in October 2014. Family members who were potentially exposed to the infected individual were legally and involuntarily quarantined. Quarantine may not be a recent normal practice in the United States, but it was used extensively during the influenza pandemic in the early 20th century. However, health care ethics comes into play when we quarantine someone whose infection status is unknown versus active. To prevent the spread of a (...)
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  32.  49
    Environmental Ethics and Cosmology: A Buddhist Perspective.Brian Edward Brown - 2004 - Zygon 39 (4):885-900.
  33.  28
    Adjunction and Aggregation.Bryson Brown - 1999 - Noûs 33 (2):273-283.
  34.  2
    Peter Vickers: Understanding Inconsistent Science: Oxford University Press, Oxford 2013, 288 Pp, £40.00, ISBN: 978-0-19-969202-6. [REVIEW]Bryson Brown - 2015 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 46 (2):413-418.
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  35.  42
    Entrepreneurship and Ethics in the Chinese Context.Brad Brown - 2002 - The Ruffin Series of the Society for Business Ethics 2002:219-229.
    The importance of entrepreneurship in China’s emergence as a global economic power is acknowledged—but will Chinese entrepreneurs have a positive or negative effect on social justice and business ethics in China? Increased reliance on guanxi relationships to facilitate business transactions has been witnessed as the communist party relaxed its grip on many segments of the economy. Although decentralizing control of the economy has produced rapid growth, there are many inequities as large numbers of Chinese citizens are exploited by Chinese entrepreneurs, (...)
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  36.  33
    Mad Lit.: Introduction to a Special Issue of the Journal of Medical Humanities. [REVIEW]Paul Crawford, Charley Baker & Brian Brown - 2011 - Journal of Medical Humanities 32 (4):253-255.
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  37.  15
    How to Do Things with Things.Bill Brown - 1998 - Critical Inquiry 24 (4):935-964.
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  38.  4
    Consequence as Preservation: Some Refinements.Bryson Brown - 2013 - In Francesco Berto, Edwin Mares, Koji Tanaka & Francesco Paoli (eds.), Paraconsistency: Logic and Applications. Springer. pp. 123--139.
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  39.  8
    Apparent Double Alternation in the Rat: A Failure to Replicate.Sarah Pitt, Stephen F. Davis & Bobby R. Brown - 1973 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 2 (6):359-361.
  40.  2
    14. Bootstrapping Norms: From Cause to Intention.Bryson Brown - 2006 - In Susan Sherwin & Peter Schotch (eds.), Engaged Philosophy: Essays in Honour of David Braybrooke. University of Toronto Press. pp. 343-364.
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  41. The Pragmatics of Empirical Adequacy.Bryson Brown - 2004 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 82 (2):242 – 264.
    Empirical adequacy is a central notion in van Fraassen's empiricist view of science. I argue that van Fraassen's account of empirical adequacy in terms of a partial isomorphism between certain structures in some model(s) of the theory and certain actual structures (the observables) in the world, is untenable. The empirical adequacy of a theory can only be tested in the context of an accepted practice of observation. But because the theory itself does not determine the correct practice of observation, its (...)
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  42.  6
    Ecology as Historical Science.Bryson Brown - 2011 - In Kevin deLaplante, Bryson Brown & Kent A. Peacock (eds.), Philosophy of Ecology. North-Holland. pp. 11--251.
  43.  3
    1. Objects, Others, and Us (The Refabrication of Things) Objects, Others, and Us (The Refabrication of Things)(Pp. 183-217). [REVIEW]Bill Brown, John Wilkinson, Edward Baring, Brian Britt, Lydia H. Liu & John Guillory - 2010 - Critical Inquiry 36 (2):183-217.
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  44.  87
    An Empty Refinement in Mellor's Definition of Chances.Bryson Brown - 2000 - Analysis 60 (3):238–243.
  45.  65
    Notes on Hume and Skepticism of the Senses.Bryson Brown - 2003 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 3 (3):289-303.
    In A Treatise of Human Nature Hume wrote a long section titled “Of skepticism with regard to the senses.” The discussion examines two key features of our beliefs about the objects making up the external world: 1. They continue to exist, even when unperceived. 2. They are distinct from the mind and its perceptions. The upshot of the discussion is a graceful sort of intellectual despair:I cannot conceive how such trivial qualities of the fancy, conducted by such false suppositions, can (...)
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  46.  68
    Rational Inconsistency and Reasoning.Bryson Brown - 1992 - Informal Logic 14 (1).
    Nicholas Rescher has argued we must tolerate inconsistency because of our cognitive limitations. He has also produced, together with R. Brandom, a serious attempt at exploring the logic of inconsistency. Inconsistency tolerance calls for a systematic rewriting of our logical doctrines: it requires a paraconsistent logic. However, having given up all aggregation of premises, Rescher's proposal for a paraconsistenl logic fails to account for the reductive reasoning Rescher appeals to in his account of inconsistency tolerance. A non-adjunctive logic developed by (...)
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  47.  8
    Genre and the City: Tokyo’s Urban Space.Bettina Johanna Brown - 2008 - Journal for Cultural Research 12 (1):3-18.
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  48.  8
    Contextual Shifting: Teachers Emphasizing Students' Academic Identity to Promote Scientific Literacy.John M. Reveles & Bryan A. Brown - 2008 - Science Education 92 (6):1015-1041.
  49.  27
    “Talk That Talk!”: African American English in Its Social and Cultural Context.Becky Brown - 2001 - Radical Philosophy Review 4 (1/2):54-77.
    The author examines almost three decades of sociolinguistic and anthropological research to present the most up-to-date definition of African American English or “Ebonics” and offers a defense of its value in contemporary American culture.
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  50.  11
    Smoke and Mirrors: A Few Nice Tricks.Bryson Brown - 1999 - Dialogue 38 (1):123-134.
    Two aims are at work in James Brown's Smoke and Mirrors: to defend realism against some of its recent detractors, and to expound his own programmatic commitment to a Platonic form of realism. I am sympathetic to his first goal, and dubious about the second, so, as Brown himself predicts, I am enthusiastic about the critical part of the book but critical of his Platonic project. But I will begin this review with a hearty recommendation. Smoke and Mirrors is clear, (...)
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