60 found
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  1.  10
    Reasons and Persons.B. C. Postow - 1988 - International Studies in Philosophy 20 (3):136-137.
  2.  53
    Supererogation Again.B. C. Postow - 2005 - Journal of Value Inquiry 39 (2):245-253.
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  3.  40
    Toward Honest Ethical Pluralism.B. C. Postow - 2007 - Philosophical Studies 132 (2):191-210.
    I give the label “ethical pluralism” to the meta-ethical view that competing moral views are valid. I assume that validity is conferred on a moral view by its satisfying the relevant meta-ethical criteria in a maximally satisfactory way. If the relevant meta-ethical criteria are based on something roughly like the wide reflective equilibrium model, then ethical pluralism is likely to be correct. Traditional moral views do not grant exemptions from their own binding rules or principles to agents – should any (...)
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  4. Generalized Act Utilitarianism.B. C. Postow - 1977 - Analysis 37 (2):49 - 52.
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  5.  78
    Agent-Neutral Reasons: Are They for Everyone?: B. C. Postow.B. C. Postow - 1997 - Utilitas 9 (2):249-257.
    According to both deontologists and consequentialists, if there is a reason to promote the general happiness – or to promote any other state of affairs unrelated to one's own projects or self-interest – then the reason must apply to everyone. This view seems almost self-evident; to challenge it is to challenge the way we think of moral reasons. I contend, however, that the view depends on the unwarranted assumption that the only way to restrict the application scope of a reason (...)
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  6.  18
    Women and Masculine Sports.B. C. Postow - 1980 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 7 (1):51-58.
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  7.  42
    A Partial Application Procedure for Ross’s Ethical Theory.B. C. Postow - 2006 - Journal of Philosophical Research 31:239-248.
    W. D. Ross’s ethical theory requires us somehow to compare the metaphorical “weights” of different prima facie duties, but it leaves mysterious how this might be done. The formulation of a procedure to achieve such a comparison would be desirable on practical, theoretical, and pedagogical grounds. I formulate a procedure that is congenial to Ross’s theory. Central to my procedure are instructions to characterize the weight of each prima facie duty with respect to (a) the general stringency of this kind (...)
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  8.  27
    Ethics and the Limits of Philosophy.B. C. Postow - 1990 - International Studies in Philosophy 22 (1):147-148.
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  9. Economic Dependence and Self-Respect.B. C. Postow - 1978 - Philosophical Forum 10 (2):181.
     
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  10.  96
    Thomson and the Trolley Problem.B. C. Postow - 1989 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 27 (4):529-537.
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  11.  51
    Care Ethics and Impartial Reasons.B. C. Postow - 2008 - Hypatia 23 (1):1-8.
    The paper "Care Ethics and Impartial Reasons" was given at the United Kingdom SWIP (Society for Women in Philosophy) meeting in Stirling, Scotland, on April 21, 2007, and while in her lifetime she would surely have reworked this piece thoroughly before allowing it to appear in print, we publish it here as an expression of sorrow and affection.
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  12.  16
    Care Ethics and Impartial Reasons.B. C. Postow - 2008 - Hypatia 23 (1):1-8.
  13.  52
    Bookreviews.B. C. Postow - 1995 - Mind 104 (413):175-178.
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  14. Moral Relativism Avoided.B. C. Postow - 1979 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 60 (1):95.
     
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  15.  58
    Ethical Relativism and the Ideal Observer.B. C. Postow - 1978 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 39 (1):120-121.
    I show that roderick firth's ideal observer theory contains a loophole which allows conflicting ethical statements to be true. To remedy this, I recommend that we add to the list of defining characteristics of an ideal observer, The requirement that he be unable to have obligation-Determining reactions toward acts which he knows to be incompatible.
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  16.  22
    Darwall and the Impartial Standpoint.B. C. Postow - 1986 - Philosophical Studies 49 (1):125 - 144.
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  17.  45
    Dishonest Relativism.B. C. Postow - 1979 - Analysis 39 (1):45 - 48.
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  18.  27
    Thomson and the Trolley Problem.B. C. Postow - 1989 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 27 (4):529-537.
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  19.  25
    Werner's Ethical Realism.B. C. Postow - 1985 - Ethics 95 (2):285-291.
  20.  40
    They Review Games, Don't They?B. C. Postow - 1976 - Teaching Philosophy 1 (4):229-232.
  21.  40
    Principles of Ethics: An Introduction.B. C. Postow - 1975 - Teaching Philosophy 1 (2):215-216.
  22.  12
    Reasons for Action: Toward a Normative Theory and Meta-Level Criteria.B. C. Postow - 1999 - Kluwer Academic.
    What, ultimately, is there good reason to do? This book proposes a unified theory of agent-dependent reasons and agent-independent reasons. It holds that principles which assign reasons to agents are valid if and only if they make maximally good sense in the light of relevant data and background theories. The theory avoids problems encountered by views associated with Nagel, Parfit, Brandt, Hubin, Gert, Baier, and Tiberius, amongst others. By what criteria should a normative theory of ultimate reasons be judged? Plausible (...)
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  23.  6
    Sterba on Morality as a Compromise Between Self-Interested and Altruistic Reasons.B. C. Postow - 2005 - Journal of Social Philosophy 36 (3):388–395.
  24.  4
    Sport, Art, and Gender.B. C. Postow - 1984 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 11 (1):52-55.
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  25.  14
    Morality Within the Limits of Reason.B. C. Postow - 1992 - International Studies in Philosophy 24 (1):105-106.
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  26.  12
    Book ReviewsR. M. Hare, Objective Prescriptions and Other Essays.Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1999. Pp. Vii+229. $65.00.B. C. Postow - 2002 - Ethics 112 (4):831-834.
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  27.  28
    The FPL Model and Practical Inference.B. C. Postow - 1989 - Philosophy of Science 56 (1):165-170.
    The efficacy criterion of the FPL model wrongly takes the goals of practical inference to be uncontroversial. The robustness criterion is arbitrary; the accommodation criterion is too weak to differentiate between arch rival theories. All three criteria of FPL fail to address the relation between background philosophical theories and other elements of an inferential system.
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  28.  29
    Independent Discussion Groups for Introductory Philosophy.B. C. Postow - 1975 - Teaching Philosophy 1 (1):51-54.
  29.  7
    Moral Thinking: Its Levels, Method, and Point. [REVIEW]B. C. Postow - 1986 - International Studies in Philosophy 18 (1):78-79.
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  30.  36
    Rule Utilitarianism in Partial Compliance Theory.B. C. Postow - 1978 - Analysis 38 (4):187 - 193.
    Rule utilitarianism as commonly formulated has the undesired implication that in case wrong has been done, Any act whatsoever is right. This is due to the fact that in setting the criterion for a set of rules which confers rightness, Rule utilitarians fail to require that obedience to the rules in situations of less than universal obedience must result in the most good attainable in those situations. I suggest a rule-Utilitarian criterion which remedies this defect and which, Borrowing from brandt, (...)
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  31.  16
    A Possible Ground of Political Obligation.B. C. Postow - 1980 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 18 (1):63-69.
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  32.  34
    Husserl’s Failure to Establish a Presuppositionless Science.B. C. Postow - 1976 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 14 (2):179-187.
  33.  6
    Gert's Definition of Irrationality.B. C. Postow - 1991 - Ethics 102 (1):103-109.
  34.  8
    Towards Criteria Choice for Practical Rationality.B. C. Postow - 1989 - Metaphilosophy 20 (2):152–162.
    What criteria shall we use to evaluate normative theories of practical rationality? one answer is provided by a version of the wide reflective equilibrium model (wre). What criteria shall we use to evaluate models on the level of wre? one answer is provided by a variant of the historical philosophy of science model. The latter answer may support the former.
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  35.  7
    Criteria for Theories of Practical Rationality: Reflections on Brandt's Theory.B. C. Postow - 1989 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 50 (1):69-87.
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  36.  7
    Masculine Sports Revisited.B. C. Postow - 1981 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 8 (1):60-63.
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  37.  13
    Rights and Obligations.B. C. Postow - 1977 - Philosophical Studies 32 (3):217 - 232.
  38.  15
    Justice and Mode of Production.B. C. Postow - 1979 - Journal of Critical Analysis 7 (4):125-133.
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  39.  20
    The Sources of Normativity.B. C. Postow - 2001 - International Studies in Philosophy 33 (4):133-135.
  40.  21
    Prima Facie Rights And Absolute Rights.B. C. Postow - 1978 - International Studies in Philosophy 10:23-32.
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  41.  12
    The Limits of Morality.B. C. Postow - 1993 - International Studies in Philosophy 25 (1):85-85.
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  42.  18
    Moral Reasoning.B. C. Postow - 1980 - International Studies in Philosophy 12 (1):108-109.
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  43.  7
    Rights, Justice, and the Bounds of Liberty: Essays in Social Philosophy. [REVIEW]B. C. Postow - 1984 - International Studies in Philosophy 16 (1):88-90.
  44.  12
    Response to Markie: Rights and Relations. [REVIEW]B. C. Postow - 1981 - Philosophical Studies 40 (2):303 - 305.
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  45.  9
    Renford Bambrough., Moral Scepticism and Moral Knowledge. [REVIEW]B. C. Postow - 1982 - International Studies in Philosophy 14 (1):70-72.
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  46.  9
    Andre on Privacy.B. C. Postow - 1988 - Journal of Value Inquiry 22 (4):327-330.
  47.  8
    Coercion and the Moral Bindingness of Contracts.B. C. Postow - 1976 - Social Theory and Practice 4 (1):75-92.
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  48.  12
    The Unity and Authority of Reason.B. C. Postow - 2002 - Social Theory and Practice 28 (3):481-501.
  49.  15
    Pornography, Indirect Harm, and Feminist Analysis: A Response to the Professors Häyry. [REVIEW]B. C. Postow - 1997 - Journal of Value Inquiry 31 (4):553-556.
  50.  4
    A Partial Application Procedure for Ross’s Ethical Theory.B. C. Postow - 2006 - Journal of Philosophical Research 31:239-248.
    W. D. Ross’s ethical theory requires us somehow to compare the metaphorical “weights” of different prima facie duties, but it leaves mysterious how this might be done. The formulation of a procedure to achieve such a comparison would be desirable on practical, theoretical, and pedagogical grounds. I formulate a procedure that is congenial to Ross’s theory. Central to my procedure are instructions to characterize the weight of each prima facie duty with respect to the general stringency of this kind of (...)
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