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Bebe Loff [16]Beatrice Loff [4]B. Loff [3]Bruno Loff [1]
  1.  43
    A Framework to Link International Clinical Research to the Promotion of Justice in Global Health.Bridget Pratt & Bebe Loff - 2013 - Bioethics 27 (3):387-396.
    How international research might contribute to justice in global health has not been substantively addressed by bioethics. Theories of justice from political philosophy establish obligations for parties from high-income countries owed to parties from low and middle-income countries. We have developed a new framework that is based on Jennifer Ruger's health capability paradigm to strengthen the link between international clinical research and justice in global health. The ‘research for health justice’ framework provides direction on three aspects of international clinical research: (...)
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  2.  28
    Evaluating the Capacity of Theories of Justice to Serve as a Justice Framework for International Clinical Research.Bridget Pratt, Deborah Zion & Bebe Loff - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics 12 (11):30-41.
    This article investigates whether or not theories of justice from political philosophy, first, support the position that health research should contribute to justice in global health, and second, provide guidance about what is owed by international clinical research (ICR) actors to parties in low- and middle-income countries. Four theories?John Rawls's theory of justice, the rights-based cosmopolitan theories of Thomas Pogge and Henry Shue, and Jennifer Ruger's health capability paradigm?are evaluated. The article shows that three of the four theories require the (...)
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  3.  51
    Exploitation and Community Engagement: Can Community Advisory Boards Successfully Assume a Role Minimising Exploitation in International Research?Bridget Pratt, Khin Maung Lwin, Deborah Zion, Francois Nosten, Bebe Loff & Phaik Yeong Cheah - 2015 - Developing World Bioethics 15 (1):18-26.
    It has been suggested that community advisory boards can play a role in minimising exploitation in international research. To get a better idea of what this requires and whether it might be achievable, the paper first describes core elements that we suggest must be in place for a CAB to reduce the potential for exploitation. The paper then examines a CAB established by the Shoklo Malaria Research Unit under conditions common in resource-poor settings – namely, where individuals join with a (...)
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  4. Ancillary Care: From Theory to Practice in International Clinical Research.B. Pratt, D. Zion, K. M. Lwin, P. Y. Cheah, F. Nosten & B. Loff - 2013 - Public Health Ethics 6 (2):154-169.
    How international research might contribute to justice in global health has not been substantively addressed by bioethics. This article describes how the provision of ancillary care can link international clinical research to the reduction of global health disparities. It identifies the ancillary care obligations supported by a theory of global justice, showing that Jennifer Ruger’s health capability paradigm requires the delivery of ancillary care to trial participants for a limited subset of conditions that cause severe morbidity and mortality. Empirical research (...)
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  5.  34
    Psychiatric Ethics and a Politics of Compassion: The Case of Detained Asylum Seekers in Australia.Deborah Zion, Linda Briskman & Bebe Loff - 2012 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 9 (1):67-75.
    Australia has one of the harshest regimes for the processing of asylum seekers, people who have applied for refugee status but are still awaiting an answer. It has received sharp rebuke for its policies from international human rights bodies but continues to exercise its resolve to protect its borders from those seeking protection. One means of doing so is the detention of asylum seekers who arrive in Australia by boat. Health care providers who care for asylum seekers in these conditions (...)
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  6.  30
    Returning to History: The Ethics of Researching Asylum Seeker Health in Australia.Deborah Zion, Linda Briskman & Bebe Loff - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (2):48-56.
    Australia's policy of mandatory indefinite detention of those seeking asylum and arriving without valid documents has led to terrible human rights abuses and cumulative deterioration in health for those incarcerated. We argue that there is an imperative to research and document the plight of those who have suffered at the hands of the Australian government and its agents. However, the normal tools available to those engaged in health research may further erode the rights and well being of this population, requiring (...)
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  7.  21
    Linking International Clinical Research with Stateless Populations to Justice in Global Health.Bridget Pratt, Deborah Zion, Khin M. Lwin, Phaik Y. Cheah, Francois Nosten & Bebe Loff - 2014 - BMC Medical Ethics 15 (1):49.
    In response to calls to expand the scope of research ethics to address justice in global health, recent scholarship has sought to clarify how external research actors from high-income countries might discharge their obligation to reduce health disparities between and within countries. An ethical framework—‘research for health justice’—was derived from a theory of justice (the health capability paradigm) and specifies how international clinical research might contribute to improved health and research capacity in host communities. This paper examines whether and how (...)
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  8.  50
    Closing the Translation Gap for Justice Requirements in International Research.B. Pratt, D. Zion, K. M. Lwin, P. Y. Cheah, F. Nosten & B. Loff - 2012 - Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (9):552-558.
    Bioethicists have long debated the content of sponsors and researchers' obligations of justice in international clinical research. However, there has been little empirical investigation as to whether and how obligations of responsiveness, ancillary care, post-trial benefits and research capacity strengthening are upheld in low- and middle-income country settings. In this paper, the authors argue that research ethics guidelines need to be more informed by international research practice. Practical guidance on how to fulfil these obligations is needed if research groups and (...)
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  9. Exploitation and Community Engagement: Can Community Advisory Boards Successfully Assume a Role Minimising Exploitation in International Research?Bridget Pratt, Khin Maung Lwin, Deborah Zion, Francois Nosten, Beatrice Loff & Phaik Yeong Cheah - unknown
     
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  10.  38
    Care or Collusion in Asylum Seeker Detention.Linda Briskman, Deborah Zion & Bebe Loff - 2012 - Ethics and Social Welfare 6 (1):37-55.
    This paper explores ethical questions arising from the work of health practitioners in immigration detention centres in Australia. It raises questions about the roles of professional disciplines and the ways in which they confront dual loyalty issues. The exploration is guided by interviews conducted with health professionals who have worked in asylum seeker detention and an examination of the outsider advocacy role undertaken by the social work profession. The paper discusses the stance taken by individuals and professional associations on participation (...)
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  11.  24
    Justice in International Clinical Research.Bridget Pratt & Bebe Loff - 2011 - Developing World Bioethics 11 (2):75-81.
    Debates about justice in international clinical research problematically conflate two quite different forms of obligation. International research ethics guidelines were intended to describe how to conduct biomedical research in a just manner at the micro or clinical level (within the researcher-participant interaction) but have come to include requirements that are clearly intended to promote justice at the global level. Ethicists have also made a variety of claims regarding what international research should contribute to global justice. This paper argues that the (...)
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  12.  35
    Linking International Research to Global Health Equity: The Limited Contribution of Bioethics.Bridget Pratt & Bebe Loff - 2013 - Bioethics 27 (4):208-214.
    Health research has been identified as a vehicle for advancing global justice in health. However, in bioethics, issues of global justice are mainly discussed within an ongoing debate on the conditions under which international clinical research is permissible. As a result, current ethical guidance predominantly links one type of international research (biomedical) to advancing one aspect of health equity (access to new treatments). International guidelines largely fail to connect international research to promoting broader aspects of health equity – namely, healthier (...)
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  13.  20
    Why Do People Participate in Epidemiological Research?Claudia Slegers, Deborah Zion, Deborah Glass, Helen Kelsall, Lin Fritschi, Ngiare Brown & Bebe Loff - 2015 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 12 (2):227-237.
    Many assumptions are made about public willingness to participate in epidemiological research, yet few empirical studies have been conducted to ascertain whether such assumptions are correct. Our qualitative study of the public and of expert stakeholders leads us to suggest that people are generally prepared to participate in epidemiological research, particularly if it is conducted by a trusted public institution such as a government health department, charity, or university. However, there is widespread community distrust of research conducted or sponsored by (...)
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  14. Why Do People Participate in Epidemiological Research?Claudia Slegers, Deborah Zion, Deborah Glass, Helen Kelsall, Lin Fritschi & Beatrice Loff - unknown
     
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  15. Justice in International Clinical Research.Bridget Pratt & Beatrice Loff - unknown
  16.  15
    Linking International Research to Global Health Equity: The Limited Contribution of Bioethics.Bridget Pratt & Beatrice Loff - unknown
  17.  10
    Patents on Drugs: Manufacturing Scarcity or Advancing Health?Bebe Loff & Mark Heywood - 2002 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 30 (4):621-631.
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  18.  16
    Patents on Drugs: Manufacturing Scarcity or Advancing Health?Bebe Loff & Mark Heywood - 2002 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 30 (4):621-631.
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  19.  17
    Response to Open Peer Commentaries on “Returning to History: The Ethics of Researching Asylum Seeker Health in Australia”.Deborah Zion, Linda Briskman & Bebe Loff - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (2):6-7.
    Australia's policy of mandatory indefinite detention of those seeking asylum and arriving without valid documents has led to terrible human rights abuses and cumulative deterioration in health for those incarcerated. We argue that there is an imperative to research and document the plight of those who have suffered at the hands of the Australian government and its agents. However, the normal tools available to those engaged in health research may further erode the rights and well being of this population, requiring (...)
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  20.  9
    A Cross-Sectional Survey to Investigate Community Understanding of Medical Research Ethics Committees.Lin Fritschi, Helen L. Kelsall, Bebe Loff, Claudia Slegers, Deborah Zion & Deborah C. Glass - 2015 - Journal of Medical Ethics 41 (7):545-548.
  21.  9
    A Foundation for Real Recursive Function Theory.José Félix Costa, Bruno Loff & Jerzy Mycka - 2009 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 160 (3):255-288.
    The class of recursive functions over the reals, denoted by , was introduced by Cristopher Moore in his seminal paper written in 1995. Since then many subsequent investigations brought new results: the class was put in relation with the class of functions generated by the General Purpose Analogue Computer of Claude Shannon; classical digital computation was embedded in several ways into the new model of computation; restrictions of were proved to represent different classes of recursive functions, e.g., recursive, primitive recursive (...)
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  22.  15
    Letter to the Editor Regarding the 5th Global Forum on Bioethics in Research.Dirceu B. Greco, Bebe Loff, Dafna Feinholz, Dirce Guilhem, Carel C. B. IJsselmuiden, Udo Schuklenk & Juan Carlos Tealdi - 2004 - American Journal of Bioethics 4 (4):W38-W38.
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  23.  8
    A Comparison of Justice Frameworks for International Research: Table 1.Bridget Pratt & Bebe Loff - 2015 - Journal of Medical Ethics 41 (7):539-544.