Results for 'B. M. Kious'

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  1.  32
    Genetic Nondiscrimination and Health Care as an Entitlement.B. M. Kious - 2010 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 35 (2):86-100.
    The Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act of 2008 prohibits most forms of discrimination on the basis of genetic information in health insurance and employment. The findings cited as justification for the act, the almost universal political support for it, and much of the scholarly literature about genetic discrimination, all betray a confusion about what is really at issue. They imply that genetic discrimination is wrong mainly because of genetic exceptionalism: because some special feature of genetic information makes discrimination on the basis (...)
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  2.  13
    The Nuremberg Code: Its History and Implications.B. M. Kious - 2000 - Princeton Journal of Bioethics 4:7-19.
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  3.  25
    [Letter From B. M. Laing].B. M. Laing - 1932 - Philosophy 7 (27):374-374.
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  4. I Ought, Therefore I Can.Peter B. M. Vranas - 2007 - Philosophical Studies 136 (2):167-216.
    I defend the following version of the ought-implies-can principle: (OIC) by virtue of conceptual necessity, an agent at a given time has an (objective, pro tanto) obligation to do only what the agent at that time has the ability and opportunity to do. In short, obligations correspond to ability plus opportunity. My argument has three premises: (1) obligations correspond to reasons for action; (2) reasons for action correspond to potential actions; (3) potential actions correspond to ability plus opportunity. In the (...)
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  5. Gigerenzer's Normative Critique of Kahneman and Tversky.Peter B. M. Vranas - 2000 - Cognition 76 (3):179-193.
  6.  22
    Informed Consent, Vulnerability and the Risks of Group-Specific Attribution.B. M. Schrems - 2014 - Nursing Ethics 21 (7):829-843.
  7.  49
    Can Sex Selection Be Ethically Tolerated?B. M. Dickens - 2002 - Journal of Medical Ethics 28 (6):335-336.
  8. The Indeterminacy Paradox: Character Evaluations and Human Psychology.Peter B. M. Vranas - 2005 - Noûs 39 (1):1–42.
    You may not know me well enough to evaluate me in terms of my moral character, but I take it you believe I can be evaluated: it sounds strange to say that I am indeterminate, neither good nor bad nor intermediate. Yet I argue that the claim that most people are indeterminate is the conclusion of a sound argument—the indeterminacy paradox—with two premises: (1) most people are fragmented (they would behave deplorably in many and admirably in many other situations); (2) (...)
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  9.  14
    Schepens L'‘autopsie’ dans la méthode des historiens grecs du Ve siècle avant J.-C. . . Brussels: Paleis der Academiën. 1980. Pp. xix + 214. Fr. b. 1300. [REVIEW]B. M. Mitchell & G. Schepens - 1984 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 104:240-242.
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  10. New Foundations for Imperative Logic I: Logical Connectives, Consistency, and Quantifiers.Peter B. M. Vranas - 2008 - Noûs 42 (4):529-572.
    Imperatives cannot be true or false, so they are shunned by logicians. And yet imperatives can be combined by logical connectives: "kiss me and hug me" is the conjunction of "kiss me" with "hug me". This example may suggest that declarative and imperative logic are isomorphic: just as the conjunction of two declaratives is true exactly if both conjuncts are true, the conjunction of two imperatives is satisfied exactly if both conjuncts are satisfied—what more is there to say? Much more, (...)
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  11. From Genomic Databases to Translation: A Call to Action.B. M. Knoppers, J. R. Harris, P. R. Burton, M. Murtagh, D. Cox, M. Deschenes, I. Fortier, T. J. Hudson, J. Kaye & K. Lindpaintner - 2011 - Journal of Medical Ethics 37 (8):515-516.
    The rapid rise of international collaborative science has enabled access to genomic data. In this article, it is argued that to move beyond mapping genomic variation to understanding its role in complex disease aetiology and treatment will require extending data sharing for the purposes of clinical research translation and implementation.
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  12. Epsilon-Ergodicity and the Success of Equilibrium Statistical Mechanics.Peter B. M. Vranas - 1998 - Philosophy of Science 65 (4):688-708.
    Why does classical equilibrium statistical mechanics work? Malament and Zabell (1980) noticed that, for ergodic dynamical systems, the unique absolutely continuous invariant probability measure is the microcanonical. Earman and Rédei (1996) replied that systems of interest are very probably not ergodic, so that absolutely continuous invariant probability measures very distant from the microcanonical exist. In response I define the generalized properties of epsilon-ergodicity and epsilon-continuity, I review computational evidence indicating that systems of interest are epsilon-ergodic, I adapt Malament and Zabell’s (...)
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  13. New Foundations for Imperative Logic: Pure Imperative Inference.P. B. M. Vranas - 2011 - Mind 120 (478):369-446.
    Imperatives cannot be true, but they can be obeyed or binding: `Surrender!' is obeyed if you surrender and is binding if you have a reason to surrender. A pure declarative argument — whose premisses and conclusion are declaratives — is valid exactly if, necessarily, its conclusion is true if the conjunction of its premisses is true; similarly, I suggest, a pure imperative argument — whose premisses and conclusion are imperatives — is obedience-valid (alternatively: bindingness-valid) exactly if, necessarily, its conclusion is (...)
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  14. Against Moral Character Evaluations: The Undetectability of Virtue and Vice.Peter B. M. Vranas - 2009 - The Journal of Ethics 13 (2-3):213 - 233.
    I defend the epistemic thesis that evaluations of people in terms of their moral character as good, bad, or intermediate are almost always epistemically unjustified. (1) Because most people are fragmented (they would behave deplorably in many and admirably in many other situations), one's prior probability that any given person is fragmented should be high. (2) Because one's information about specific people does not reliably distinguish those who are fragmented from those who are not, one's posterior probability that any given (...)
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  15.  17
    Semantic Information Processing. [REVIEW]B. M. M. - 1970 - Review of Metaphysics 24 (2):353-353.
    Since the introduction of the computer in the early 1950's, the investigation of artificial intelligence has followed three chief avenues: the discovery of self-organizing systems; the building of working models of human behavior, incorporating specific psychological theories; and the building of "heuristic" machines, without bias in favor of humanoid characteristics. While this work has used philosophical logic and its results may illustrate philosophical problems, the artificial intelligence program is by now an intricate, organized specialty. This book, therefore, has a quite (...)
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  16. In Defense of Imperative Inference.Peter B. M. Vranas - 2010 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 39 (1):59 - 71.
    "Surrender; therefore, surrender or fight" is apparently an argument corresponding to an inference from an imperative to an imperative. Several philosophers, however (Williams 1963; Wedeking 1970; Harrison 1991; Hansen 2008), have denied that imperative inferences exist, arguing that (1) no such inferences occur in everyday life, (2) imperatives cannot be premises or conclusions of inferences because it makes no sense to say, for example, "since surrender" or "it follows that surrender or fight", and (3) distinct imperatives have conflicting permissive presuppositions (...)
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  17.  8
    The Public Interest.B. M. Barry & W. J. Rees - 1964 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 38 (1):1-38.
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  18. Towards a Bottom-Up Perspective on Animal and Human Cognition.Frans B. M. de Waal & Pier Francesco Ferrari - 2010 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 14 (5):201-207.
  19.  5
    Tölle-Kastenbein Herodot und Samos. Bochum: Duris. 1976. Pp. 124, 16 plates, 20 text figs., 2 folding plans. DM 42.B. M. Mitchell - 1978 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 98:194-195.
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  20.  13
    Herodotus and Samos.B. M. Mitchell - 1975 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 95:75-91.
  21. Hempel's Raven Paradox: A Lacuna in the Standard Bayesian Solution.Peter B. M. Vranas - 2004 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 55 (3):545-560.
    According to Hempel's paradox, evidence (E) that an object is a nonblack nonraven confirms the hypothesis (H) that every raven is black. According to the standard Bayesian solution, E does confirm H but only to a minute degree. This solution relies on the almost never explicitly defended assumption that the probability of H should not be affected by evidence that an object is nonblack. I argue that this assumption is implausible, and I propose a way out for Bayesians. Introduction Hempel's (...)
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  22.  36
    Plasticity of Human Spatial Cognition: Spatial Language and Cognition Covary Across Cultures.Daniel B. M. Haun, Christian J. Rapold, Gabriele Janzen & Stephen C. Levinson - 2011 - Cognition 119 (1):70-80.
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  23. Anthropomorphism and Anthropodenial: Consistency in Our Thinking About Humans and Other Animals.Frans B. M. de Waal - 1999 - Philosophical Topics 27 (1):255-280.
  24. Who's Afraid of Undermining?Peter B. M. Vranas - 2002 - Erkenntnis 57 (2):151-174.
    The Principal Principle (PP) says that, for any proposition A, given any admissible evidence and the proposition that the chance of A is x%, one's conditional credence in A should be x%. Humean Supervenience (HS) claims that, among possible worlds like ours, no two differ without differing in the spacetime-point-by-spacetime-point arrangement of local properties. David Lewis (1986b, 1994a) has argued that PP contradicts HS, and the validity of his argument has been endorsed by Bigelow et al. (1993), Thau (1994), Hall (...)
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  25.  23
    The Compleat Angler: Observations on the Rise of Peisistratos in Herodotos (1.59–64).B. M. Lavelle - 1991 - Classical Quarterly 41 (02):317-.
    The Acarnanian chrēsmologos Amphilytos spoke the verses to Peisistratos just before the battle of Pallene in 546 b.c. They contain a prediction of imminent victory for Peisistratos and total defeat for the Athenians. The Athenians will be routed and deprived of political self-determination, while the victory will restore to Peisistratos the tyranny from which he was twice forced, ‘rooting’ it once for all. Of course, all of this appears quite evident from the narrative. But as the verses form part of (...)
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  26.  27
    Essays on the Active Powers of the Human Mind. [REVIEW]B. M. M. - 1970 - Review of Metaphysics 24 (1):141-142.
    Reid was the founder of Scottish common sense realism, a branch of empiricism which avoids the skepticism inherent in the tradition of Locke, Berkeley, and Hume. Reid did not attempt to justify the beliefs which fall victim to Humean skepticism--the belief in an external world, in the identity of the self, or in the efficacy of human will and planning--concepts which he found to be present in men's minds from the start of their rational lives. "Men may dispute about things (...)
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  27.  31
    B. M. Kédrov. Ob otnošénii logiki k marksizmu . Voprosy filosofii, no. 4 , pp. 212–227. - V. K. Astaf'év. O dvuh stupénáh v razvitii logiki . Voprosy filosofii, no. 4 , pp. 227–231. - B. I. Lozovskij. O logiké formal'noj i logiké dialéktičéskoj . Voprosy filosofii, no. 4 , pp. 232–238. - V. P. Rožin. Néskol'ko zaméčanij po spornym voprosam logiki . Voprosy filosofii, no. 4 , pp. 238–241. - A. N. Mitrofanov. Kratkij obzor néopublikovannyh statéj po logiké . Voprosy filosofii, no. 5 , pp. 153–163. - Kitogam obsuždéniá voprosov logiki . Voprosy filosofii, no. 6 , pp. 143–149. [REVIEW]George L. Kline - 1953 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 18 (1):83-86.
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  28.  49
    Nurses' Dilemmas Concerning Support of Relatives in Mental Health Care.B. M. Weimand, C. Sallstrom, M. -L. Hall-Lord & B. Hedelin - 2013 - Nursing Ethics 20 (3):285-299.
    Relatives of persons with severe mental illness face a straining life situation and need support. Exclusion of relatives in mental health care has long been reported. The aim of this study was to describe conceptions of nurses in mental health care about supporting relatives of persons with severe mental illness. Focus group interviews with nurses from all levels of mental health care in Norway were performed. A phenomenographic approach was used. The nurses found that their responsibility first and foremost was (...)
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  29. What Time Travelers May Be Able to Do.Peter B. M. Vranas - 2010 - Philosophical Studies 150 (1):115 - 121.
    Kadri Vihvelin, in "What time travelers cannot do" (Philos Stud 81: 315-330, 1996), argued that "no time traveler can kill the baby who in fact is her younger self, because (V1) "if someone would fail to do something, no matter how hard or how many times she tried, then she cannot do it", and (V2) if a time traveler tried to kill her baby self, she would always fail. Theodore Sider (Philos Stud 110: 115-138, 2002) criticized Vihvelin's argument, and Ira (...)
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  30. Architecture and Politics in Germany: 1918-1945.B. M. LANE - 1968
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  31. Naive Realism and Illusions of Refraction.B. M. Arthadeva - 1959 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 37 (3):118-137.
  32.  66
    Indeterminacy of Translation and Theory.B. M. Humphries - 1970 - Journal of Philosophy 67 (6):167-178.
  33.  32
    Minimally Generated Abstract Logics.Steffen Lewitzka & Andreas B. M. Brunner - 2009 - Logica Universalis 3 (2):219-241.
    In this paper we study an alternative approach to the concept of abstract logic and to connectives in abstract logics. The notion of abstract logic was introduced by Brown and Suszko —nevertheless, similar concepts have been investigated by various authors. Considering abstract logics as intersection structures we extend several notions to their κ -versions, introduce a hierarchy of κ -prime theories, which is important for our treatment of infinite connectives, and study different concepts of κ -compactness. We are particularly interested (...)
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  34.  4
    Drakon's Law on Homicide. [REVIEW]B. M. Caven & R. S. Stroud - 1971 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 91:193-193.
  35.  13
    One Face of Beauty, One Picture of Health: The Hidden Aesthetic of Medical Practice.B. M. Stafford, J. L. Puma & D. L. Schiedermayer - 1989 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 14 (2):213-230.
    Unrecognized presuppositions about patient appearance have become increasingly important in medicine, medical ethics and medical law. Symptoms of these historically conditioned assumptions include common ageism, aesthetic surgery, and litigation about ‘wrongful life’. These phenomena suggest a societal intolerance for what is considered an ‘abnormal’ appearance. Among others, eighteenth-century artists and anatomists helped to set these twentieth-century precedents, actually measuring deviations of external traits to analogous deformations of the soul, and drawing moral conclusions from physiognomic measurements. Other eighteenth-century artists countered with (...)
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  36. Have Your Cake and Eat It Too: The Old Principal Principle Reconciled with the New.Peter B. M. Vranas - 2004 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 69 (2):368–382.
    David Lewis (1980) proposed the Principal Principle (PP) and a “reformulation” which later on he called ‘OP’ (Old Principle). Reacting to his belief that these principles run into trouble, Lewis (1994) concluded that they should be replaced with the New Principle (NP). This conclusion left Lewis uneasy, because he thought that an inverse form of NP is “quite messy”, whereas an inverse form of OP, namely the simple and intuitive PP, is “the key to our concept of chance”. I argue (...)
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  37.  7
    In Defense of Imperative Inference.Peter B. M. Vranas - 2018 - Proceedings of the XXIII World Congress of Philosophy 55:85-92.
    “Surrender; therefore, surrender or fight” is apparently an argument corresponding to an inference from an imperative to an imperative. Several philosophers, however, have denied that imperative inferences exist, arguing that no such inferences occur in everyday life, imperatives cannot be premises or conclusions of inferences because it makes no sense to say, for example, “since surrender” or “it follows that surrender or fight”, and distinct imperatives have conflicting permissive presuppositions, so issuing distinct imperatives amounts to changing one’s mind and thus (...)
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  38.  28
    Sustainability and Peasant Farming Systems: Observations From Zimbabwe. [REVIEW]B. M. Campbell, P. Bradley & S. E. Carter - 1997 - Agriculture and Human Values 14 (2):159-168.
    Many authors suggest the need to define ‘sustainable development’in operational terms. This paper looks at the problems ofattempting to ask whether peasant farming systems are sustainable.Any attempt at sustainability assessment needs to consider issuesrelated to the selected indicators or performance criteria, spatialscale or boundaries, and temporal scale. While there is certainlya need for more rigorous analysis of sustainability issues, thereis limited outlook for an approach based on indicators. Even if themany purely technical problems associated with specific indicatorscan be surmounted, will (...)
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  39.  72
    Uncertainty Principle and Uncertainty Relations.J. B. M. Uffink & Jan Hilgevoord - 1985 - Foundations of Physics 15 (9):925-944.
    It is generally believed that the uncertainty relation Δq Δp≥1/2ħ, where Δq and Δp are standard deviations, is the precise mathematical expression of the uncertainty principle for position and momentum in quantum mechanics. We show that actually it is not possible to derive from this relation two central claims of the uncertainty principle, namely, the impossibility of an arbitrarily sharp specification of both position and momentum (as in the single-slit diffraction experiment), and the impossibility of the determination of the path (...)
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  40.  9
    Emotional Pictures and Sounds: A Review of Multimodal Interactions of Emotion Cues in Multiple Domains. [REVIEW]Antje B. M. Gerdes, Matthias J. Wieser & Georg W. Alpers - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  41. Can I Kill My Younger Self? Time Travel and the Retrosuicide Paradox.Peter B. M. Vranas - 2009 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 90 (4):520-534.
    If time travel is possible, presumably so is my shooting my younger self ; then apparently I can kill him – I can commit retrosuicide. But if I were to kill him I would not exist to shoot him, so how can I kill him? The standard solution to this paradox understands ability as compossibility with the relevant facts and points to an equivocation about which facts are relevant: my killing YS is compossible with his proximity but not with his (...)
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  42.  3
    Threat Vs. Threat: Attention to Fear-Related Animals and Threatening Faces.Elisa Berdica, Antje B. M. Gerdes, Florian Bublatzky, Andrew J. White & Georg W. Alpers - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  43.  68
    Anthropomorphism and Anthropodenial.Frans B. M. De Waal - 1999 - Philosophical Topics 27 (1):255-280.
  44.  35
    Hume and the Contemporary Theory of Instinct.B. M. Laing - 1926 - The Monist 36 (4):645-666.
  45.  11
    Social and Emotional Relevance in Face Processing: Happy Faces of Future Interaction Partners Enhance the Late Positive Potential.Florian Bublatzky, Antje B. M. Gerdes, Andrew J. White, Martin Riemer & Georg W. Alpers - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  46.  15
    Hume's Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion.B. M. Laing - 1937 - Philosophy 12 (46):175 - 190.
    Professor Kemp Smith in providing a new edition of Hume’s Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion , embodying all the author’s additions and corrections, has given expression to the perennial interest and fascination which this work has possessed for many minds during the odd one hundred and fifty years since it was first published by Hume’s nephew. The editor himself has performed a great service by contributing an Introduction and a clear and concise summary of the Dialogues , in both of which (...)
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  47.  9
    David Hume.B. M. Laing - 1932 - New York: Russell & Russell.
  48.  22
    Atrox Fortvna.B. M. Levick - 1972 - The Classical Review 22 (03):309-311.
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  49.  21
    Great Apes’ Capacities to Recognize Relational Similarity.Daniel B. M. Haun & Josep Call - 2009 - Cognition 110 (2):147-159.
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  50.  41
    Dalton's Atomic Theory and its Philosophical Significance.B. M. Kedrov - 1948 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 9 (4):644-662.
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