Results for 'B. Sharkey'

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  1. Modern Christian Living: A Book on Christian Approaches to Social and Ethical Issues for Use with the Religious Education Syllabus of the East African Advanced Certificate of Education.B. Sharkey - 1979 - Oxford University Press.
  2.  8
    How Does the B-Afferent Classification Apply to Vagal Afferent Neurons?J. S. Davison & K. A. Sharkey - 1990 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 13 (2):301-302.
  3.  1
    Book Reviews: Volume 24, Number 1.Neal Grossman, David Schaffer Hafiz, Etzel Cardena, Carlos S. Alvarado, Jim B. Tucker, Michael Levin & Stan V. McDaniel - 2010 - Journal of Scientific Exploration 24 (1).
    The End of Materialism: How Evidence of the Paranormal Is Bringing Science and Spirit Together by Charles T. Tart. Philosophy of Personal Identity and Multiple Personality by Logi Gunnarsson. Eusapia Palladino and Her Phenomena by Hereward Carrington. Can the Mind Survive beyond Death? In Pursuit of Scientific Evidence by Satwant K. Pasricha. Morphic Resonance: The Nature of Formative Causation by Rupert Sheldrake. A New Science of Life: The Hypothesis of Formative Causation by Rupert Sheldrake. “Why AI Is a Dangerous Dream,” (...)
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  4. Granny and the Robots: Ethical Issues in Robot Care for the Elderly.Amanda Sharkey & Noel Sharkey - 2012 - Ethics and Information Technology 14 (1):27-40.
    The growing proportion of elderly people in society, together with recent advances in robotics, makes the use of robots in elder care increasingly likely. We outline developments in the areas of robot applications for assisting the elderly and their carers, for monitoring their health and safety, and for providing them with companionship. Despite the possible benefits, we raise and discuss six main ethical concerns associated with: (1) the potential reduction in the amount of human contact; (2) an increase in the (...)
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  5. Chapter Three The Bowie Business: Capitalising on Subversion? Rodney Sharkey.Rodney Sharkey - 2007 - In John Wall (ed.), Music, Metamorphosis and Capitalism: Self, Poetics and Politics. Cambridge Scholars Press. pp. 33.
     
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  6. Robots and Human Dignity: A Consideration of the Effects of Robot Care on the Dignity of Older People.Amanda Sharkey - 2014 - Ethics and Information Technology 16 (1):63-75.
    This paper explores the relationship between dignity and robot care for older people. It highlights the disquiet that is often expressed about failures to maintain the dignity of vulnerable older people, but points out some of the contradictory uses of the word ‘dignity’. Certain authors have resolved these contradictions by identifying different senses of dignity; contrasting the inviolable dignity inherent in human life to other forms of dignity which can be present to varying degrees. The Capability Approach (CA) is introduced (...)
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  7. The Crying Shame of Robot Nannies: An Ethical Appraisal.Noel Sharkey & Amanda Sharkey - 2010 - Interaction Studies 11 (2):161-190.
    Childcare robots are being manufactured and developed with the long term aim of creating surrogate carers. While total childcare is not yet being promoted, there are indications that it is 'on the cards'. We examine recent research and developments in childcare robots and speculate on progress over the coming years by extrapolating from other ongoing robotics work. Our main aim is to raise ethical questions about the part or full-time replacement of primary carers. The questions are about human rights, privacy, (...)
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  8.  65
    Autonomous Weapons Systems, Killer Robots and Human Dignity.Amanda Sharkey - 2019 - Ethics and Information Technology 21 (2):75-87.
    One of the several reasons given in calls for the prohibition of autonomous weapons systems (AWS) is that they are against human dignity (Asaro, 2012; Docherty, 2014; Heyns, 2017; Ulgen, 2016). However there have been criticisms of the reliance on human dignity in arguments against AWS (Birnbacher, 2016; Pop, 2018; Saxton, 2016). This paper critically examines the relationship between human dignity and autonomous weapons systems. Three main types of objection to AWS are identified; (i) arguments based on technology and the (...)
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  9.  60
    Can We Program or Train Robots to Be Good?Amanda Sharkey - 2020 - Ethics and Information Technology 22 (4):283-295.
    As robots are deployed in a widening range of situations, it is necessary to develop a clearer position about whether or not they can be trusted to make good moral decisions. In this paper, we take a realistic look at recent attempts to program and to train robots to develop some form of moral competence. Examples of implemented robot behaviours that have been described as 'ethical', or 'minimally ethical' are considered, although they are found to only operate in quite constrained (...)
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  10. Should Patients with Self-Inflicted Illness Receive Lower Priority in Access to Healthcare Resources? Mapping Out the Debate.K. Sharkey & L. Gillam - 2010 - Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (11):661-665.
    The distribution of scarce healthcare resources is an increasingly important issue due to factors such as expensive ‘high tech’ medicine, longer life expectancies and the rising prevalence of chronic illness. Furthermore, in the current healthcare context lifestyle-related factors such as high blood pressure, tobacco use and obesity are believed to contribute significantly to the global burden of disease. As such, this paper focuses on an ongoing debate in the academic literature regarding the role of responsibility for illness in healthcare resource (...)
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  11.  91
    Saying 'No!' to Lethal Autonomous Targeting.Noel Sharkey - 2010 - Journal of Military Ethics 9 (4):369-383.
    Plans to automate killing by using robots armed with lethal weapons have been a prominent feature of most US military forces? roadmaps since 2004. The idea is to have a staged move from ?man-in-the-loop? to ?man-on-the-loop? to full autonomy. While this may result in considerable military advantages, the policy raises ethical concerns with regard to potential breaches of International Humanitarian Law, including the Principle of Distinction and the Principle of Proportionality. Current applications of remote piloted robot planes or drones offer (...)
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  12.  42
    Should We Welcome Robot Teachers?Amanda J. C. Sharkey - 2016 - Ethics and Information Technology 18 (4):283-297.
    Current uses of robots in classrooms are reviewed and used to characterise four scenarios: Robot as Classroom Teacher; Robot as Companion and Peer; Robot as Care-eliciting Companion; and Telepresence Robot Teacher. The main ethical concerns associated with robot teachers are identified as: privacy; attachment, deception, and loss of human contact; and control and accountability. These are discussed in terms of the four identified scenarios. It is argued that classroom robots are likely to impact children’s’ privacy, especially when they masquerade as (...)
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  13.  38
    Ethical Practice in Internet Research Involving Vulnerable People: Lessons From a Self-Harm Discussion Forum Study (SharpTalk).S. Sharkey, R. Jones, J. Smithson, E. Hewis, T. Emmens, T. Ford & C. Owens - 2011 - Journal of Medical Ethics 37 (12):752-758.
    The internet is widely used for health information and support, often by vulnerable people. Internet-based research raises both familiar and new ethical problems for researchers and ethics committees. While guidelines for internet-based research are available, it is unclear to what extent ethics committees use these. Experience of gaining research ethics approval for a UK study (SharpTalk), involving internet-based discussion groups with young people who self-harm and health professionals is described. During ethical review, unsurprisingly, concerns were raised about the vulnerability of (...)
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  14. Robot Teachers: The Very Idea!Amanda Sharkey - 2015 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 38.
    Insufficient attention has been paid to the use of robots in classrooms. Robot “teachers” are being developed, but because Kline ignores such technological developments, it is not clear how they would fit within her framework. It is argued here that robots are not capable of teaching in any meaningful sense, and should be deployed only as educational tools.
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  15.  18
    Clinician Gate-Keeping in Clinical Research is Not Ethically Defensible: An Analysis.K. Sharkey, J. Savulescu & S. Aranda - 2010 - Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (6):363-366.
    Clinician gate-keeping is the process whereby healthcare providers prevent access to eligible patients for research recruitment. This paper contends that clinician gate-keeping violates three principles that underpin international ethical guidelines: respect for persons or autonomy; beneficence or a favourable balance of risks and potential benefits; and justice or a fair distribution of the benefits and burdens of research. In order to stimulate further research and debate, three possible strategies are also presented to eliminate gate-keeping: partnership with professional researchers; collaborative research (...)
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  16.  16
    Thine Own Self: Individuality in Edith Stein's Later Writings.Sarah Borden Sharkey - 2010 - Washington: DC: Catholic University of America Press.
    Individual form and relevant distinctions -- Reasons for affirming individual forms -- Types of essential structures -- Types of being -- Principles of individuality -- Individual form and mereology -- Challenges for individual forms -- Alternative accounts of individual form -- An alternative account revisited.
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  17.  30
    Robot Nannies Get a Wheel in the Door: A Response to the Commentaries.Noel Sharkey & Amanda Sharkey - 2010 - Interaction Studiesinteraction Studies Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systems 11 (2):302-313.
  18.  32
    A Stroll Through the Worlds of Robots and Animals: Applying Jakob von Uexkülls Theory of Meaning to Adaptive Robots and Artificial Life.Tom Ziemke & Noel E. Sharkey - 2001 - Semiotica 2001 (134).
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  19.  39
    Armed Military Robots: Editorial.Jürgen Altmann, Peter Asaro, Noel Sharkey & Robert Sparrow - 2013 - Ethics and Information Technology 15 (2):73-76.
    Arming uninhabited vehicles is an increasing trend. Widespread deployment can bring dangers for arms-control agreements and international humanitarian law. Armed UVs can destabilise the situation between potential opponents. Smaller systems can be used for terrorism. Using a systematic definition existing international regulation of armed UVs in the fields of arms control, export control and transparency measures is reviewed; these partly include armed UVs, but leave large gaps. For preventive arms control a general prohibition of armed UVs would be best. If (...)
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  20. The Theory of Natural Monopoly.William W. Sharkey - 1982 - Cambridge University Press.
    The theory of natural monopoly has been substantially transformed in previous years. Ina clear and straightforward style, Dr. Sharkey gives an integrated presentation of the modern approach to this subject. Although the book is mainly conceptual in nature, the final chapter on natural monopoly in the telecommunications industry shows the practical applications of the theory. After an historical survey of natural monopoly, there follows a chapter stating and explaining the main results as well as giving a preliminary overview of (...)
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  21.  8
    European Sources of Human Dignity: A Commented Anthology. By Mette Lebech.Sarah Borden Sharkey - 2020 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 94 (2):353-355.
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  22.  9
    The Concept of Woman. Volume III: The Search for Communion of Persons, 1500–2015. By Sr. Prudence Alle.Sarah Borden Sharkey - 2018 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 92 (4):701-703.
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  23.  25
    An Ironical Tribute to the Boy Who Stole His Father's Credit Card and Passport and Flew to Malaysia.Alix Sharkey - 1995 - The Chesterton Review 21 (3):414-415.
  24.  35
    Applying Philosophy to Psychotherapy.Paul W. Sharkey - 1989 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 4 (4):77-79.
  25.  2
    Avec Quoi Croyons-Nous?Ronan Sharkey - 2020 - Philosophie 2:133.
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  26.  4
    A View of the Resurrection.Michael Sharkey - 1974 - New Blackfriars 55 (647):181-184.
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  27.  5
    Connectionist Representations for Natural Language: Old and New.Noel E. Sharkey - 1990 - In G. Dorffner (ed.), Konnektionismus in Artificial Intelligence Und Kognitionsforschung. Berlin: Springer-Verlag. pp. 1--17.
  28.  7
    Eternal Rest: The Beauty and Challenge of Essential Being.Sarah Borden Sharkey - 2013 - Quaestiones Disputatae 4 (1):45-64.
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  29.  7
    Edith Stein Gesamtausgabe, Vol. 23; Über Die Wahrheit 1, and Vol. 24.Sarah Borden Sharkey - 2009 - International Philosophical Quarterly 49 (2):261-263.
  30.  6
    Gendering Inequalities: The Case of Irish Women.Sabina Sharkey - 1993 - Paragraph 16 (1):5-22.
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  31. Biologically Inspired Robotics.Noel E. Sharkey - 2002 - In M. Arbib (ed.), The Handbook of Brain Theory and Neural Networks. MIT Press. pp. 2--160.
  32.  6
    Implementing Soft Preferences for Structural Disambiguation.Noel E. Sharkey - 1990 - In G. Dorffner (ed.), Konnektionismus in Artificial Intelligence Und Kognitionsforschung. Berlin: Springer-Verlag. pp. 226--236.
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  33.  12
    Introduction to The Legacy of Edith Stein’s Finite and Eternal Being.Sarah Borden Sharkey - 2013 - Quaestiones Disputatae 4 (1):3-6.
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  34. J.A. Anderson and E. Rosenfeld (Eds.), Talking Nets: An Oral History of Neural Networks.Noel E. Sharkey - 2000 - Artificial Intelligence 119 (1-2):287-293.
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  35.  7
    Lived Experience From the Inside Out: Social and Political Philosophy in Edith Stein. By Antonio Calcagno.Sarah Borden Sharkey - 2015 - International Philosophical Quarterly 55 (4):520-523.
  36.  3
    Looking for Transcendence.Michael Sharkey - 1941 - New Blackfriars 22 (255):275-282.
  37.  5
    Looking for Transcendence.Michael Sharkey - 1972 - New Blackfriars 53 (625):275-282.
  38. Newman on the Laity in Les Laïcs Dans l'Eglise D'Aujourd'hui.M. Sharkey - 1987 - Gregorianum 68 (1-2):339-346.
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  39. Robot Nannies Get a Wheel in the Door.Noel Sharkey & Amanda Sharkey - 2010 - Interaction Studies. Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies / Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies 11 (2):302-313.
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  40. The Crying Shame of Robot Nannies.Noel Sharkey & Amanda Sharkey - 2010 - Interaction Studies. Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies / Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies 11 (2):161-190.
    Childcare robots are being manufactured and developed with the long term aim of creating surrogate carers. While total childcare is not yet being promoted, there are indications that it is ‘on the cards’. We examine recent research and developments in childcare robots and speculate on progress over the coming years by extrapolating from other ongoing robotics work. Our main aim is to raise ethical questions about the part or full-time replacement of primary carers. The questions are about human rights, privacy, (...)
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  41.  13
    There is More to Learning Then Meeth the Eye.Noel E. Sharkey - 1990 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 13 (3):506-507.
  42.  4
    Tort-Agency Partnerships in an Age of Preemption.Catherine M. Sharkey - 2014 - Theoretical Inquiries in Law 15 (2):359-386.
    At the core of the tort preemption cases before the U.S. Supreme Court is the extent to which state law can impose more stringent liability standards than federal law. The express preemption cases focus on whether the state law requirements are “different from, or in addition to” the federally imposed requirements. And the implied conflict preemption cases examine whether the state law standards are incompatible or at least at odds with the federal regulatory scheme. But the preemption cases in the (...)
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  43. Vertus, communautés et politique: la philosophie morale d'Alasdair MacIntyre.R. Sharkey - 2001 - Nouvelle Revue Théologique 123 (1):62-87.
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  44.  8
    We Need to Talk About Deception in Social Robotics!Amanda Sharkey & Noel Sharkey - forthcoming - Ethics and Information Technology.
    Although some authors claim that deception requires intention, we argue that there can be deception in social robotics, whether or not it is intended. By focusing on the deceived rather than the deceiver, we propose that false beliefs can be created in the absence of intention. Supporting evidence is found in both human and animal examples. Instead of assuming that deception is wrong only when carried out to benefit the deceiver, we propose that deception in social robotics is wrong when (...)
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  45.  24
    [Letter From B. M. Laing].B. M. Laing - 1932 - Philosophy 7 (27):374-374.
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  46. Retelling Experiments: H. B. D. Kettlewell’s Studies of Industrial Melanism in Peppered Moths. [REVIEW]Joel B. Hagen - 1999 - Biology and Philosophy 14 (1):39-54.
    H. B. D. Kettlewell's field experiments on industrial melanism in the peppered moth, Biston betularia, have become the best known demonstration of natural selection in action. I argue that textbook accounts routinely portray this research as an example of controlled experimentation, even though this is historically misleading. I examine how idealized accounts of Kettlewell's research have been used by professional biologists and biology teachers. I also respond to some criticisms of David Rudge to my earlier discussions of this case study, (...)
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  47.  34
    Sarah Borden Sharkey, Thine Own Self: Individuality in Edith Stein's Later Writings. [REVIEW]Antonio Calcagno - 2010 - Symposium: Canadian Journal of Continental Philosophy/Revue canadienne de philosophie continentale 14 (2):210-214.
  48.  24
    Review of Sarah Borden Sharkey, Thine Own Self: Individuality in Edith Stein's Later Writings[REVIEW]Dermot Moran - 2010 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2010 (8).
  49.  4
    Special Issue on Responsible Robotics: Introduction.Aimee van Wynsberghe & Noel Sharkey - 2020 - Ethics and Information Technology 22 (4):281-282.
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  50.  24
    On the Formation of Interstitial Loops in B.C.C. Metals.B. L. Eyre & R. Bullough - 1965 - Philosophical Magazine 12 (115):31-39.
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