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  1. Apostasy as Objective and Depersonalized Fact: Two Recent Egyptian Court Judgments.Baber Johansen - 2003 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 70 (3):687-710.
    The jurists of classical Islamic Law defined the interior forum as a limit to the religious validity of the sentences of Muslim judges , because these have neither access to God's knowledge nor to the individual believer’s conscience and motivations. They can base their decisions solely on exterior appearances and can, therefore, neither be sure that their judgments correspond to the facts nor to the intentions and memories of the individuals concerned. This holds especially true for questions of belief and (...)
     
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    Contingency in a Sacred Law: Legal and Ethical Norms in the Muslim Fiqh.Jonathan E. Brockopp & Baber Johansen - 2001 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 121 (1):108.
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    The Islamic Law on Land Tax and Rent: The Peasants' Loss of Property Rights as Interpreted in the Hanafite Legal Literature of the Mamluk and Ottoman Periods.Farhat J. Ziadeh & Baber Johansen - 1991 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 111 (3):602.
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