Results for 'Bagus Laksana'

49 found
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  1.  11
    The Mystery Of The Human Person : Mystical Anthropology In Hamzah Fansuri’s Shair.Bagus Laksana - 2017 - Kanz Philosophia : A Journal for Islamic Philosophy and Mysticism 6 (1):33.
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  2.  15
    Entrepreneurial Error Does Not Equal Market Failure.Philipp Bagus, David Howden & Jesús Huerta de Soto Ballester - 2018 - Journal of Business Ethics 149 (2):433-441.
    Barnett and Block claim that Bagus and Howden support indirectly the concept of market failure. In this paper, we show that maturity mismatching in an unhampered market may imply entrepreneurial error but cannot be considered a market failure. We demonstrate why fractional-reserve banking leads to business cycles even if there is no central bank and why maturity mismatching does not per se lead to clusters of errors in a free market. Finally, in contrast to the examples provided by Barnett (...)
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  3.  34
    Some Ethical Dilemmas of Modern Banking.Philipp Bagus & David Howden - 2013 - Business Ethics 22 (3):235-245.
    How ethical have recent banking practices been? We answer this question via an economic analysis. We assess the two dominant practices of the modern banking system – fractional reserves and maturity transformation – by gauging the respective rights of the relevant parties. By distinguishing the legal and economic differences between deposit and loan contracts, we determine that the practice of maturity transformation (in its various guises) is not only ethical but also serves a positive social function. The foundation of the (...)
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  4.  9
    Some Ethical Dilemmas of Modern Banking.Philipp Bagus & David Howden - 2013 - Business Ethics: A European Review 22 (3):235-245.
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  5.  55
    The Legitimacy of Loan Maturity Mismatching: A Risky, but Not Fraudulent, Undertaking.Philipp Bagus & David Howden - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 90 (3):399-406.
    Barnett and Block (Journal of Business Ethics, 2009 ) attack the heart of modern banking by claiming that the practice of borrowing short and lending long is illicit. While their claim of illegitimacy concerning fractional reserve banking can be defended, their justification lacks substance. Their claim is herein strengthened by a legal analysis of deposits and loans based on Huerta de Soto (Money, Bank Credit and Economic Cycles, 2006 ). A combined legal and economic analysis shows that while lending deposits (...)
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  6.  18
    The Continuing Continuum Problem of Deposits and Loans.Philipp Bagus & David Howden - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics 106 (3):295-300.
    Barnett and Block (J Bus Ethics 18(2):179–194, 2011 ) argue that one cannot distinguish between deposits and loans due to the continuum problem of maturities and because future goods do not exist—both essential characteristics that distinguish deposit from loan contracts. In a similar way but leading to opposite conclusions (Cachanosky, forthcoming) maintains that both maturity mismatching and fractional reserve banking are ethically justified as these contracts are equivalent. We argue herein that the economic and legal differences between genuine deposit and (...)
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  7.  22
    Oil and Water Do Not Mix, Or: Aliud Est Credere, Aliud Deponere.Amadeus Gabriel, David Howden & Philipp Bagus - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 128 (1):197-206.
    The financial crisis has led to new interest in the ethics of financial markets. In this article, we further the debate on the nature of banking contracts by showing that the fundamental subjective purposes of loan and deposit contracts are irreconcilable. Any resultant mixture of the two contracts is a legal aberration. We consider a mutual fund as an important and legitimate alternative to the common demand deposit to provide high liquidity and some yield without offering full availability of a (...)
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  8.  16
    Reassessing the Ethicality of Some Common Financial Practices.Philipp Bagus, Amadeus Gabriel & David Howden - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 136 (3):471-480.
    Depositors have perceived banks as acting unethically during the most recent recession. One area of consternation is the ambiguity of the legal obligations entailed by the deposit contract when it is backed with only fractional reserves. In this article, we apply an existing analysis of the legitimacy and ethicality of banking practices to a wider range of financial transactions, including insurance policies, securities lending, perpetual bonds, and callable loans. Securities lending in particular creates rights violations analogous to those in fractional-reserve (...)
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  9. Wresting Land From the Sea: An Argument Against Public Goods Theory.Philipp Bagus - 2006 - Journal of Libertarian Studies 20 (4):21-40.
     
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  10.  29
    The Ethics of Tax Evasion.Philipp Bagus, Walter Block, Marian Eabrasu, David Howden & Jeremie Rostan - 2011 - Business and Society Review 116 (3):375-401.
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  11.  5
    The Hubris of Hybrids.Philipp Bagus, David Howden & Amadeus Gabriel - 2017 - Journal of Business Ethics 145 (2):373-382.
    In the pages of this journal, a fruitful debate has evolved on the ethical legitimacy of fractional-reserve banking. In this article, we respond to the new arguments raised by Evans as we clarify our position on the unethical and illegitimate nature of fractional-reserve banking. Fractional-reserve banking is not a recent financial innovation but represents a long-standing legal aberration. The co-mingling of two mutually exclusive financial contracts, deposit and loan, confounds the contracting parties’ purposes, intents, rights, and obligations. As a result, (...)
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  12.  53
    A-V Reviews.Eileen Bagus - 1980 - Teaching Philosophy 3 (3):210-211.
  13.  78
    Plato's Cave.Eileen Bagus - 1976 - Teaching Philosophy 1 (3):360-361.
  14.  38
    The Fabric of Existentialism: Philosophical and Literary Sources.Eileen Bagus - 1976 - Teaching Philosophy 1 (3):330-331.
  15.  45
    Book Reviews. [REVIEW]N. C. A. Costa, David Harrah, Michael Tye, D. S. Clarke, Jeffrey Olen, Robert Young, Richard Campbell, Michael McKinsey, John Peterson, Alex C. Michalos, John Glucker, John T. Blackmore, Eileen Bagus & Barbara Goodwin - 1985 - Philosophia 15 (1-2):279-281.
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  16.  15
    On the Necessary and Sufficient Conditions for Legitimate Banking Contracts.Philipp Bagus, Amadeus Gabriel & David Howden - 2018 - Journal of Business Ethics 147 (3):669-678.
    What role do demand deposits serve in the financial system? The answer to this simple question has great implications in keeping the legal terms of the contract consistent with the demands of the financial system. Demand deposits are a perfect monetary substitute. Since money is only held to hedge against perceived uncertainty in both the timing and magnitude of future expenditures, demand deposits are demanded for the same reason. From this we derive three main conclusions. First, a financial contract similar (...)
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  17.  7
    A-V Reviews. [REVIEW]Eileen Bagus - 1980 - Teaching Philosophy 3 (3):390-391.
  18.  3
    Causes and Consequences of Inflation.Philipp Bagus, David Howden & Amadeus Gabriel - 2014 - Business and Society Review 119 (4):497-517.
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  19.  72
    Lakṣaṇā as Inference.Nilanjan Das - 2011 - Journal of Indian Philosophy 39 (4-5):353-366.
    This paper questions a few assumptions of Gaṅgeśa Upādhyāya’s theory of ordinary verbal cognition (laukika-śābdabodha). The meaning relation (vṛtti) is of two kinds: śakti (which gives us the primary referent of a word) and lakṣaṇā (which yields the secondary referent). For Gaṅgeśa, the ground (bīja) of lakṣaṇā is a sort of inexplicability (anupapatti) pertaining to the composition (anvaya) of word-meanings. In this connection, one notices that the case of lakṣaṇā is quite similar to that of one variety of postulation, namely, (...)
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  20.  30
    Lakṣaṇā as a Creative Function of Language.Nirmalya Guha - 2012 - Journal of Indian Philosophy 40 (5):489-509.
    When somebody speaks metaphorically, the primary meanings of their words cannot get semantically connected. Still metaphorical uses succeed in conveying the message of the speaker, since lakṣaṇā, a meaning-generating faculty of language, yields the suitable secondary meanings. Gaṅgeśa claims that lakṣaṇā is a faculty of words themselves. One may argue: “Words have no such faculty. In these cases, the hearer uses observation-based inference. They have observed that sometimes competent speakers use the word w in order to mean s, when p, (...)
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  21.  40
    Mukulabhaṭṭa’s Defense of Lakṣaṇā: How We Use Words to Mean Something Else, But Not Everything Else.Malcolm Keating - 2013 - Journal of Indian Philosophy 41 (4):439-461.
    We frequently use single words or expressions to mean multiple things, depending upon context. I argue that a plausible model of this phenomenon, known as lakṣaṇā by Indian philosophers, emerges in the work of ninth-century Kashmiri Mukulabhaṭṭa. His model of lakṣaṇā is sensitive to the lexical and syntactic requirements for sentence meaning, the interpretive unity guiding a communicative act, and the nuances of creative language use found in poetry. After outlining his model of lakṣaṇā, I show how arthāpatti, or presumption, (...)
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  22.  14
    In Defence of ‘Demand’ Deposits: Contractual Solutions to the Barnett and Block, and Bagus and Howden Debate.Anthony J. Evans - 2014 - Journal of Business Ethics 124 (2):351-364.
    This article contributes to a recent debate between Barnett and Block : 711–716, 2009), Bagus and Howden : 399–406, 2009), Barnett and Block, Cachanosky and Bagus and Howden regarding the conceptual distinction between demand deposits and time deposits. It is argued that from an economic perspective there is nothing inherently fraudulent or illegitimate about deposit accounts that are available ‘on demand’, but that this relies on certain contractual provisions. Particular attention is drawn to option clauses and withdrawal clauses, (...)
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  23.  25
    Rejoinder to Bagus and Howden on Borrowing Short and Lending Long.I. I. Barnett & Walter E. Block - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 100 (2):229-238.
    In Barnett and Block (J Bus Ethics 88(4):711–716, 2009a), the present authors claim that borrowing short and lending long is fraudulent, and thus ought to be prohibited on legal grounds. Bagus and Howden (J Bus Ethics 90(3):399, 2009) take issue with our ethical analysis. The present paper is our response to these authors; it is an attempt to defend Barnett and Block (J Bus Ethics 88(4):711–716, 2009a) against the very interesting and important, although we believe, erroneous, criticisms of (...) and Howden (J Bus Ethics 90(3):399, 2009). (shrink)
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  24.  35
    A Comment on Barnett and Block on Time Deposit and Bagus and Howden on Loan Maturity Mismatching.Nicolás Cachanosky - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 104 (2):219-221.
    In Time Deposits, Dimension, and Fraud (2009), William Barnett and Walter Block argue that by borrowing short and lending long there is an over issuance of property rights. Their article, however, does not fully extend the consequences of their contribution. Once this is done, it becomes clearer that their argument suits a great impediment to banking, becoming a possible reason to support rather than to oppose fractional reserve banking. Bagus and Howden (J Bus Ethics 90(3):399–406, 2009) comment on Barnett (...)
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  25.  13
    Rejoinder to Bagus and Howden on Borrowing Short and Lending Long.William Barnett & Walter E. Block - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 100 (2):229-238.
    In Barnett and Block :711–716, 2009a), the present authors claim that borrowing short and lending long is fraudulent, and thus ought to be prohibited on legal grounds. Bagus and Howden :399, 2009) take issue with our ethical analysis. The present paper is our response to these authors; it is an attempt to defend Barnett and Block :711–716, 2009a) against the very interesting and important, although we believe, erroneous, criticisms of Bagus and Howden :399, 2009).
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  26.  8
    Lakṣaṇā as Inference.Nilanjan Das - 2011 - Journal of Indian Philosophy 39 (4-5):353-366.
    This paper questions a few assumptions of Gaṅgeśa Upādhyāya’s theory of ordinary verbal cognition. The meaning relation is of two kinds: śakti and lakṣaṇā. For Gaṅgeśa, the ground of lakṣaṇā is a sort of inexplicability pertaining to the composition of word-meanings. In this connection, one notices that the case of lakṣaṇā is quite similar to that of one variety of postulation, namely, śrutārtāthāpatti, where the subject hears only a part of a sentence and immediately grasps the words that are needed (...)
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  27.  5
    What is the Latin for ‘Mayonnaise’? A Response to Bagus, Howden and Gabriel.Anthony J. Evans - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 131 (3):619-623.
    If fractional-reserve demand deposits are common, and illegitimate, an obvious flaw in the banking system is exposed. However, this article maintains that the only reason why demand deposits may be considered illegitimate is because of a way of defining them that renders them almost irrelevant. This article provides a response to Bagus et al., and identifies examples of how they misrepresent Evans. It also provides further considerations on the tradeoffs relating to the availability of a deposit; methodological subjectivism; and (...)
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  28.  6
    Rejoinder to Bagus and Howden on Borrowing Short and Lending Long.William Barnett Ii & Walter E. Block - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 100 (2):229 - 238.
    In Barnett and Block (J Bus Ethics 88(4): 711-716, 2009a), the present authors claim that borrowing short and lending long is fraudulent, and thus ought to be prohibited on legal grounds. Bagus and Howden (J Bus Ethics 90(3): 399, 2009) take issue with our ethical analysis. The present paper is our response to these authors; it is an attempt to defend Barnett and Block (J Bus Ethics 88(4): 711-716, 2009a) against the very interesting and important, although we believe, erroneous, (...)
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  29.  15
    The Emergence of Semiotics in India: Some Approaches to Understanding Lakṣaṇā in Hindu and Buddhist Philosophical Usages.A. M. Piatigorsky & D. B. Zilberman - 1976 - Semiotica 17 (3).
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  30.  5
    Veda-Lakṣaṇa, Vedic Ancillary Literature: A Descriptive BibliographyVeda-Laksana, Vedic Ancillary Literature: A Descriptive Bibliography.Frederick M. Smith & K. Parameswara Aithal - 1993 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 113 (2):314.
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  31.  2
    13 Buddhist and Mlmamsa Views on Laksana.K. Kunjunni Raja - 1993 - In Alex Wayman & Rāma Karaṇa Śarmā (eds.), Researches in Indian and Buddhist Philosophy: Essays in Honour of Professor Alex Wayman. Motilal Banarsidass Publishers. pp. 195.
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  32. Laksana in Nyaya System.Subas Chandra Dash - 1992 - In V. N. Jha (ed.), Relations in Indian Philosophy. Sri Satguru Publications. pp. 109.
     
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  33. Vivekavilāsa: Jyotiṣa, Vāstu-Śilpa, Aṅgavidyā, Svaravidyā, Hastarekhā, Ṣaḍdarśana, Viṣacikitsā, Yoga-Dhyāna Evaṃ Vividha Dinacaryā Vyavahāropayogī Prācīna Lakṣaṇa-Saṃhitātmaka Grantha, Mohanabodhinīṭīkā Sahita. Jinadattasūri - 2008 - Āryavarta Saṃskr̥ti Saṃsthāna.
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  34. 4. CAITYA-LAKSANA-VIDHI F^ Ft?Gustav Roth - 2009 - In Stupa: Cult and Symbolism. Aditya Prakashan. pp. 624--72.
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  35. 3. Remarks on the Stupa-Laksana-Karika-V1vecana.Gustav Roth - 2009 - In Stupa: Cult and Symbolism. Aditya Prakashan. pp. 624--60.
     
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  36. 2. Stupa-Laksana-Karika-Vivecana Including the Prakirnaka-Caitya-Laksana.Gustav Roth - 2009 - In Stupa: Cult and Symbolism. Aditya Prakashan. pp. 624--34.
     
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  37.  26
    On Arthāpatti.Nirmalya Guha - 2016 - Journal of Indian Philosophy 44 (4):757-776.
    Arthāpatti does not depend on observation of pervasion or background belief. It is certain in the sense that when S cognizes P through postulation, no other epistemic instrument would invalidate P. The Naiyāyika tries to reduce postulation to anumāna and/or tarka. I shall argue that it is neither. Due to its explanatory role, one may think that postulation plays an essential role in lakṣaṇā or indication. But this too is a misconception. Both tarka and lakṣaṇā depend on observation and background (...)
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  38.  34
    Unraveling the Kāvyaprakāśa: Jayadeva Pīyūṣavarṣa’s Idiosyncratic Sequence of Topics in the Candrāloka.David Mellins - 2007 - Journal of Indian Philosophy 35 (3):227-251.
    In his twelfth century alaṃkāraśāstra, the Candrāloka, Jayadeva Pīyūṣavarṣa reverses the sequence of topics found in Mammaṭa’s Kāvyapr-akāśa, an earlier and immensely popular work. With such a structural revisionism, Jayadeva asserts the autonomy of his own work and puts forth an ambitious critique of earlier approaches to literary analysis. Jayadeva investigates the technical and aesthetic components of poetry in the first part of the Candrāloka, prior to his formal semantic investigations in the latter half of the text, thus suggesting that (...)
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  39. Psychological Mechanism of Corruption: A Comprehensive Review. [REVIEW]Juneman Abraham, Julia Suleeman & Bagus Takwin - forthcoming - Asian Journal of Scientific Research.
    Corruption prevention can be more effective if it does not rely merely on legal enforcement. This theoretical review aimed to propose a hypothetical psychological model capable of explaining the behavior of corruption. Moral disengagement is a variable that is considered ontologically closest in “distance” to the variable of corruption behavior. Counterfeit self, implicit self-theory, ethical mindset and moral emotion are taken into account as the pivotal factors of the corruption behavior and its mechanism of moral disengagement. Counterfeit self along with (...)
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  40. Counterfeit Self: A Confirmatory Factor Analysis Among Indonesians.Juneman Abraham, Bagus Takwin & Julia Suleeman - forthcoming - Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences:1-8.
    It is questionable whether counterfeiting in many areas of life contributes to unethical behavior to a wider extent. If the notion is supported by data, then the moral damage in a society could be prevented by reducing the counterfeit self and behavior to a bare minimum. This study aimed at empirically testing the measurement model of counterfeit self of Wood et al. (2008) among Indonesians as well as theoretically reviewing counterfeit self roles in unethical behavior. The participants of this study (...)
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  41.  85
    The Cow is to Be Tied Up: Sort-Shifting in Classical Indian Philosophy.Keating Malcolm - 2013 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 30 (4):311-332.
    This paper undertakes textual exegesis and rational reconstruction of Mukula Bhaṭṭa’s Abhidhā-vṛttta-mātṛkā, or “The Fundamentals of the Communicative Function.” The treatise was written to refute Ānandavardhana’s claim, made in the Dhvanyāloka, that there is a third “power” of words, vyañjanā (suggestion), beyond the two already accepted by traditional Indian philosophy: abhidhā (denotation) and lakṣaṇā(indication).1 I argue that the explanation of lakṣaṇā as presented in his text contains internal tensions, although it may still be a compelling response to Ānandavardhana.
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  42.  19
    Maturity Mismatching and “Market Failure”.Walter E. Block & William Barnett - 2017 - Journal of Business Ethics 142 (2):313-323.
    The present article is a continuation of the debate two sets of authors have been engaging in regarding one type of maturity mismatching: borrowing short and lending long. All four authors had agreed that this practice can set up the Austrian Business Cycle; the present author denies that BSLL would be a legitimate commercial interaction in the free society; Bagus and Howden continue to maintain that it would be licit. Our main criticism of Bagus and Howden is a (...)
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  43.  27
    Ethical Differences Between Loan Maturity Mismatching and Fractional Reserve Banking: A Natural Law Approach.Laura Davidson - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 131 (1):9-18.
    In a number of recent articles, the debate on the ethics of fractional reserve “free” banking has been extended to loan maturity mismatching, specifically the banking practice of borrowing short and lending long. Barnett and Block :711–716, 2009; 2010) claim the practice is illicit, because like fractional reserve banking it creates duplicate property titles. They argue there is a continuum in the time dimension between the two kinds of activities. Bagus and Howden :399–406, 2009; 106:295–300, 2012a; Eur J Law (...)
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  44.  32
    Fractional Reserve Banking, Client Collaboration, and Fraud.Malavika Nair - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 130 (1):85-92.
    This paper traces the recent debate over the legitimacy of maturity mismatching and fractional reserve banking. It shows that there is common ground between Bagus and Howden :399–406, 2009, 106:295–300, 2012) on the one hand and Evans on the other regarding contractual arrangements that lead to fractional reserve banking, while both agree that fractional reserve banking that arises out of a bailment or storage contract constitutes fraud. Block and Barnett :711–716, 2009, 100:229–238, 2011) stress the illegitimacy of fractional reserve (...)
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  45.  15
    Glycemic Control, Hand Activity, and Complexity of Biological Signals in Diabetes Mellitus.Hsien-Tsai Wu, Gen-Min Lin, Bagus Haryadi, Chieh-Ming Yang & Hsiao-Chiang Chu - 2017 - Complexity:1-9.
    Both glycemic control and handgrip strength affect microvascular function. Multiscale entropy of photoplethysmographic pulse amplitudes may differ by diabetes status and hand activity. Of a middle-to-old aged and right-handed cohort without clinical cardiovascular disease, we controlled age, sex, and weight to select the unaffected,the well-controlled diabetes, and the poorly controlled diabetes groups. MSEs were calculated from consecutive 1,500 PPG pulse amplitudes of bilateral index fingertips. Thesmall-, medium-,and large-scale MSEs were defined as the average of scale 1, scales 2–4, and scales (...)
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  46.  7
    Knowledge From Javanese Cultural Heritage: How They Manage and Sustain Teak Wood.Arianti Ayu Puspita, Agus Sachari, Andar Bagus Sriwarno & Jamaludin - 2018 - Cultura 15 (1):23-48.
    Centhini manuscript is one of the ancient manuscripts from Kesultanan Surakarta Hadiningrat in the 19th century which has had a role in the cultural and ecological aspects in regulating the use of teakwood. Therefore, deep study into utilization of teak wood in Centhini Manuscript will be conducted as cultural heritage from Indonesia. Narrative methods is used in this research to present thematic results. Direct observation is conducted on various artifacts to analyze the symbolic value of teakwood. The results show that (...)
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  47.  5
    Akad Bay’, Ijarah Dan Wadi’Ah Perspektif Kompilasi Hukum Ekonomi Syariah.Bagus Ahmadi - 2012 - Epistemé: Jurnal Pengembangan Ilmu Keislaman 7 (2).
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  48. 18. “Unanswered Quibbles with Fractional Reserve Free Banking”.Philipp Bagus & & David Howden - unknown
    In this article we reply to George Selgin’s counterarguments to our article “Fractional Reserve Free Banking: Some Quibbles”. Selgin regards holding cash as saving while we focus on the real savings necessary to maintain investment projects. Real savings are unconsumed real income. Variations in real savings are not [...].
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  49. Definition of Valid Knowledge: Pramālakṣaṇa in Gaṅgeśa's Tattvacintāmaṇi.Nandita Bandyopadhyay - 1989 - Sanskrit Pustak Bhandar.
    v. 1. Opponents' position (Pūrvapakṣa) -- v. 2. Pramā-lakṣaṇa-siddhānta.
     
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