Results for 'Bailey E. Williams'

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  1.  39
    How Impaired Is Too Impaired? Ratings of Psychologist Impairment by Psychologists in Independent Practice.Jonathan C. Pettibone, Daniel J. Segrist, Andrew M. Pomerantz & Bailey E. Williams - 2010 - Ethics and Behavior 20 (2):149-160.
    Although psychologist impairment has received attention from researchers, there is a paucity of empirical data aimed at determining the point at which such impairment necessitates action. The purpose of this study was to provide such empirical data. Members of Division 42 ( n = 285) responded to vignettes describing a psychologist whose symptoms of either depression or substance abuse varied across five levels of severity. Results identified specific levels of impairment at which psychologists were deemed too impaired to practice psychotherapy, (...)
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  2.  2
    Authorship Policies at U.S. Doctoral Universities: A Review and Recommendations for Future Policies.Lisa M. Rasmussen, Courtney E. Williams, Mary M. Hausfeld, George C. Banks & Bailey C. Davis - 2020 - Science and Engineering Ethics 26 (6):3393-3413.
    Intellectual contribution in the form of authorship is a fundamental component of the academic career. While research has addressed questionable and harmful authorship practices, there has largely been no discussion of how U.S. academic institutions interpret and potentially mitigate such practices through the use of institution-level authorship policies. To gain a better understanding of the role of U.S. academic institutions in authorship practices, we conducted a systematic review of publicly available authorship policies for U.S. doctoral institutions, focusing on components such (...)
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  3.  6
    Index L0c0rum.A. Andrewes, D. R. Bailey, J. W. B. Barns, W. Beare, D. E. Eichholtz, I. M. Glarmlle, G. F. Hourani, A. Hudson-Williams, H. Hudson-Williams & H. Klos - unknown - Diogenes 17 (1):140.
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  4.  16
    Why and How Do Journals Retract Articles? An Analysis of Medline Retractions 1988-2008.E. Wager & P. Williams - 2011 - Journal of Medical Ethics 37 (9):567-570.
    Background Journal editors are responsible for what they publish and therefore have a duty to correct the record if published work is found to be unreliable. One method for such correction is retraction of an article. Anecdotal evidence suggested a lack of consistency in journal policies and practices regarding retraction. In order to develop guidelines, we reviewed retractions in Medline to discover how and why articles were retracted. Methods We retrieved all available Medline retractions from 2005 to 2008 and a (...)
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  5.  31
    A Dispositional Theory of Possibility.Neil E. Williams Andrea Borghini - 2008 - Dialectica 62 (1):21-41.
    The paper defends a naturalistic version of modal actualism according to which what is metaphysically possible is determined by dispositions found in the actual world. We argue that there is just one world – this one – and that all genuine possibilities are grounded in the dispositions exemplified in it. This is the case whether or not those dispositions are manifested. As long as the possibility is one that would obtain were the relevant disposition manifested, it is a genuine possibility. (...)
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  6. The Powers Metaphysic.Neil E. Williams - 2019 - Oxford University Press.
    Neil E. Williams develops a systematic metaphysics centred on the idea of powers, as a rival to neo-Humeanism, the dominant systematic metaphysics in philosophy today. Williams takes powers to be inherently causal properties and uses them as the foundation of his explanations of causation, persistence, laws, and modality.
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  7.  11
    A Review of the Systems of Ethics Founded on the Theory of Evolution. [REVIEW]E. Ritchie & C. M. Williams - 1894 - Philosophical Review 3 (2):221.
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  8.  10
    Islam.G. E. von Grunebaum & John Alden Williams - 1962 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 82 (1):83.
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  9. Joyce E. Williams and Vicky M. MacLean, Settlement Sociology in the Progressive Years. Faith, Science, and Reform. Studies in Critical Social Sciences Series. [REVIEW]Anthony J. Blasi - 2016 - Critical Research on Religion 4 (1):119-122.
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  10.  18
    Amorphic Kinds: Cluster’s Last Stand?Neil E. Williams - 2018 - Biology and Philosophy 33 (1-2):14.
    I raise a puzzle case for “cluster” accounts of natural kinds—the homeostatic property cluster and stable property cluster accounts, especially—on the basis of their expected treatment of the metaphysics of certain disease kinds. Some kinds, I argue, fail to exhibit the co-instantiated property clusters these cluster views take to be constitutive of natural kinds. Some genetic diseases, for example, have archetypical instances with few or none of the pathological processes or symptoms associated with the kind: their instances are typified by (...)
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  11.  11
    (A new paradigm for) the problem of the many.Neil E. Williams - forthcoming - Synthese:1-18.
    This paper offers an original solution to the problem of the many, built on a foundation of powers-based causation. At its most basic, the solution should be understood as a type of maximality response, and on those grounds its originality might be questioned. However, it is argued that novelty of the solution owes as much to the meta-metaphysical context in which the solution is framed as it does the model of causal powers. A discussion of paradigms in metaphysics is included.
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  12.  5
    Meaning, Reference and Tense.Clifford E. Williams & Alonso Church - 1976 - Analysis 36 (3):132.
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  13.  5
    Positive Information Facilitates Response Inhibition in Older Adults Only When Emotion is Task-Relevant.Samantha E. Williams, Eric J. Lenze & Jill D. Waring - 2020 - Tandf: Cognition and Emotion 34 (8):1632-1645.
    Volume 34, Issue 8, December 2020, Page 1632-1645.
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  14.  1
    The Factory Model of Disease.Neil E. Williams - 2007 - The Monist 90 (4):555-584.
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  15.  5
    A Physical Basis for Primary Recovery Creep.H. E. Evans & K. R. Williams - 1972 - Philosophical Magazine 25 (6):1399-1408.
  16. World, Mind, and Ethics: Essays on the Ethical Philosophy of Bernard Williams.Bernard Williams (ed.) - 1995 - Cambridge University Press.
    This collection is a festschrift prepared for Williams on his retirement from the White’s Professorship of Moral Philosophy at Oxford. The topics covered include equality, consistency, comparison between science and ethics, integrity, moral reasons, the moral system, and moral knowledge. Most of the chapters combine exegetical and critical ambitions. With contributions by J. E. J. Altham, Jon Elster, Nicholas Jardine, Ross Harrison, Christopher Hookway, John McDowell, Martin Hollis, Martha Nussbaum, Amartya Sen, and Charles Taylor, and replies by Bernard (...). (shrink)
     
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  17.  40
    The Dislocation Distribution, Flow Stress, and Stored Energy in Cold-Worked Polycrystalline Silver.J. E. Bailey & P. B. Hirsch - 1960 - Philosophical Magazine 5 (53):485-497.
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  18.  29
    "He Got His Last Wishes": Ways of Knowing a Loved One's End-of-Life Preferences and Whether Those Preferences Were Honored.A. R. Wittich, B. R. Williams, F. A. Bailey, L. L. Woodby & K. L. Burgio - 2013 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 24 (2):113-124.
    As a patient approaches death, family members often are asked about their loved one’s preferences regarding treatment at the end of life. Advance care directives may provide information for families and surrogate decision makers; however, less than one-third of Americans have completed such documents. As the U.S. population continues to age, many surrogate decision makers likely will rely on other means to discern or interpret a loved one’s preferences. While many surrogates indicate that they have some knowledge of their loved (...)
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  19.  27
    Book Reviews : Douglas E. Williams, Truth, Hope, and Power: The Thought of Karl Popper. University of Toronto Press, Toronto, 1989. Pp. 237, $35.00. [REVIEW]Robert D'Amico - 1992 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 22 (2):251-255.
  20.  1
    Orokaiva Magic by F. E. Williams[REVIEW]George Sarton - 1928 - Isis 11:401-403.
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  21.  1
    Orokaiva Magic. F. E. Williams.George Sarton - 1928 - Isis 11 (2):401-403.
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  22.  7
    An Illusion of Length.C. E. Seashore & Mabel C. Williams - 1900 - Psychological Review 7 (6):592-599.
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  23.  4
    In Memoriam.Gregory E. Trickett, David Williams, Bradley Palmer & John B. Howell - 2020 - Philosophia Christi 22 (2):205-207.
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  24.  13
    Age-Related Similarities and Differences in First Impressions of Trustworthiness.Phoebe E. Bailey, Paulina Szczap, Skye N. McLennan, Gillian Slessor, Ted Ruffman & Peter G. Rendell - 2016 - Cognition and Emotion 30 (5).
  25.  7
    Marital Assortment for Genetic Similarity.Ronael E. Eckman, Robert Williams & Craig Nagoshi - 2002 - Journal of Biosocial Science 34 (4):511-523.
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  26. Reconsidering Psychology.James E. Faulconer & R. Williams (eds.) - 1990 - Duquesne University Press.
  27. Reconsidering Psychology Perspectives From Continental Philosophy.James E. Faulconer & Richard N. Williams - 1990
  28.  21
    H. Boyd Hawes, B.E. Williams, R.B. Seager, E.H. Hall Gournia, Vasiliki and Other Prehistoric Sites on the Isthmus of Hierapetra, Crete. Excavations of the Wells-Houston-Cramp Expeditions 1901, 1903, 1904. Second Edition. Pp. Xv + 120, Ills, B/W & Colour Maps, Colour Pls. Philadelphia, PA: INSTAP Academic Press, 2014 . Cased, £30. ISBN: 978-1-931534-79-6. [REVIEW]Florence Gaignerot-Driessen - 2017 - The Classical Review 67 (1):313-314.
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  29.  3
    Methodological Naturalism, Saturation, and Psychology's Failure to Save the Phenomena.Edwin E. Gantt & Richard N. Williams - 2020 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 50 (1):84-102.
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  30.  18
    Psychology and the Legacy of Newtonianism: Motivation, Intentionality, and the Ontological Gap.Edwin E. Gantt & Richard N. Williams - 2014 - Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 34 (2):83-100.
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  31.  22
    Unending Conversations: New Writings by and About Kenneth Burke.Greig E. Henderson & David Cratis Williams (eds.) - 2001 - Southern Illinois University Press.
    Previously unpublished writings by and about Kenneth Burke plus essays by such Burkean luminaries as Wayne C. Booth, William H. Rueckert, Robert Wess, Thomas Carmichael, and Michael Feehan make the publication of Unending Conversations a ...
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  32.  12
    The Dislocation Density, Flow Stress and Stored Energy in Deformed Polycrystalline Copper.J. E. Bailey - 1963 - Philosophical Magazine 8 (86):223-236.
  33. Puzzling Powers: The Problem of Fit.Neil E. Williams - 2010 - In Anna Marmodoro (ed.), The Metaphysics of Powers: Their Grounding and Their Manifestations. Routledge. pp. 84--105.
    – The conjunction of three plausible theses about the nature of causal powers—that they are intrinsic, that their effects are produced mutually, and that the manifestations they are for are essential to them—leads to a problem concerning the ability of causal powers to work together to produce manifestations. I call this problem the problem of fit. Fortunately for proponents of a power-based metaphysic, the problem of fit is not insurmountable. Fit can be engineered if powers are properties whose natures are (...)
     
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  34.  35
    Trevor I. Williams, A History of the British Gas Industry. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1981. Pp. Xvii + 304. ISBN 0-19-858157-2. £18.50. [REVIEW]Mari E. W. Williams - 1985 - British Journal for the History of Science 18 (2):246-247.
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  35.  9
    Electron Microscope Observations on the Annealing Processes Occurring in Cold-Worked Silver.J. E. Bailey - 1960 - Philosophical Magazine 5 (56):833-842.
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  36.  10
    Homer: The Iliad. Translated by E. V. Rieu. Pp. 469. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books, 1950. 2s. 6d.R. D. Williams, Homer & E. V. Rieu - 1952 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 72:161-161.
  37. Dispositions and the Argument From Science.Neil E. Williams - 2011 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 89 (1):71 - 90.
    Central to the debate between Humean and anti-Humean metaphysics is the question of whether dispositions can exist in the absence of categorical properties that ground them (that is, where the causal burden is shifted on to categorical properties on which the dispositions would therefore supervene). Dispositional essentialists claim that they can; categoricalists reject the possibility of such ?baseless? dispositions, requiring that all dispositions must ultimately have categorical bases. One popular argument, recently dubbed the ?Argument from Science?, has appeared in one (...)
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  38.  28
    A Democratic Case for Comparative Political Theory.Melissa S. Williams & Mark E. Warren - 2014 - Political Theory 42 (1):26-57.
    Globalization generates new structures of human interdependence and vulnerability while also posing challenges for models of democracy rooted in territorially bounded states. The diverse phenomena of globalization have stimulated two relatively new branches of political theory: theoretical accounts of the possibilities of democracy beyond the state; and comparative political theory, which aims at bringing non-Western political thought into conversation with the Western traditions that remain dominant in the political theory academy. This article links these two theoretical responses to globalization by (...)
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  39. Putting Powers Back on Multi-Track.Neil E. Williams - 2011 - Philosophia 39 (3):581-595.
    Power theorists are divided on the question of whether individual powers are single-track (for a single manifestation type) or are multi-track (capable of producing distinct manifestation types for distinct stimuli). EJ Lowe has recently defended single-tracking, arguing that the multi-tracker can provide no adequate reason for treating powers as capable of having multiple manifestation types, and claiming that putative instances of multi-track powers are either single-track powers in need of unifying descriptions or are merely several single-track powers. I respond to (...)
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  40.  84
    Arthritis and Nature's Joints.Neil E. Williams - 2011 - In Michael O'Rourke, Joseph Keim Campbell & Matthew H. Slater (eds.), Carving Nature at its Joints: Natural Kinds in Metaphysics and Science. MIT Press.
    This chapter focuses on the view that diseases comprise natural kinds and how this view is in conflict with the essentialist picture of natural kinds as championed by Kripke and Putnam. This essentialist depiction of natural kinds contends that in order for a class of entities to be a natural kind, it is required that all and only members of the class instantiate very specific properties that explain the presence of any other properties typically associated with being a member of (...)
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  41.  39
    Felt Moral Obligation and the Moral Judgement–Moral Action Gap: Toward a Phenomenology of Moral Life.Richard N. Williams & Edwin E. Gantt - 2012 - Journal of Moral Education 41 (4):417-435.
    The step-off point for this article is the problem of the ?moral judgement?moral action gap? as found in contemporary literature of moral education and moral development. We argue that this gap, and the conceptual problems encountered by attempts to bridge it, reflects the effect of a different, deeper and more problematic conceptual gap: the ?ontological? gap between meaningful moral events and the underlying natural structures or mechanical processes presumed to produce them. We contend that the very real fact that moral (...)
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  42. Three Philosophers: Aristotle, Aquinas, Frege.C. J. F. Williams, G. E. M. Anscombe & P. T. Geach - 1963 - Philosophical Quarterly 13 (52):270.
  43. Putnam's Traditional Neo-Essentialism.Neil E. Williams - 2011 - Philosophical Quarterly 61 (242):151 - 170.
    Recently, several philosophers have defended what might be called `neo-essentialism' about natural kinds. Their views purport to improve upon the traditional essentialism of Kripke and Putnam by rejecting the claim that essences must be comprised of intrinsic properties. I argue that this so-called break from traditional essentialism is not a break at all, because the widespread interpretation of Putnam according to which he takes essences to be intrinsic is mistaken. Putnam makes no claim to the effect that essences of natural (...)
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  44. Review of Tom Bailey and Valentina Gentile (Eds.), Rawls and Religion (Columbia University Press, 2015). [REVIEW]Jeremy Williams - 2015 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews.
  45.  23
    Bailey's Lucretius Lucreti de rerum natura libri sex, recognouit breuique adnotatione critica instruxit Cyrillus Bailey, collegii Exoniensis socius. Oxonii, e typographeo Clarendoniano. No date. Pp. 248. 2s. 6d., 3s., and 4s. [REVIEW]A. E. Housman - 1900 - The Classical Review 14 (07):367-368.
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  46.  10
    Goodnight Book: Sleep Consolidation Improves Word Learning Via Storybooks.Sophie E. Williams & Jessica S. Horst - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  47.  2
    Differential Effects of Knowledge and Aging on the Encoding and Retrieval of Everyday Activities.Maverick E. Smith, Kimberly M. Newberry & Heather R. Bailey - 2020 - Cognition 196:104159.
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  48.  36
    Biobanking, Consent, and Certificates of Confidentiality: Does the ANPRM Muddy the Water?Brett A. Williams & Leslie E. Wolf - 2013 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 41 (2):440-453.
    The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services has proposed substantial changes to the current regulatory system governing human subjects research in its Advanced Notice of Proposed Rulemaking, entitled “Human Subjects Research Protections: Enhancing Protections for Research Subjects and Reducing Burden, Delay, and Ambiguity for Investigators.” Some of the most significant proposed changes concern the use of biospecimens in research. Because research involving biological materials begins with an initial interaction with an individual, such research falls squarely within the human subjects (...)
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  49. The Factory Model of Disease.Neil E. Williams - 2007 - The Monist 90 (4):555-584.
    The aim of the paper is to give an ontologically informed account of disease that can aid in the construction of disease ontologies. The paper begins by distinguishing cases of diseases from what are purely structural abnormalities, referred to as ‘disorders’. The paper then presents a causal model apt for the understanding of disease that distinguishes diseases from both their causes and their potential effects. The analysis of disease defended treats disease in terms of distortions of standard cellular network processes, (...)
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  50. A Dispositional Theory of Possibility.Andrea Borghini & Neil E. Williams - 2008 - Dialectica 62 (1):21–41.
    – The paper defends a naturalistic version of modal actualism according to which what is metaphysically possible is determined by dispositions found in the actual world. We argue that there is just one world—this one—and that all genuine possibilities are anchored by the dispositions exemplified in this world. This is the case regardless of whether or not those dispositions are manifested. As long as the possibility is one that would obtain were the relevant disposition manifested, it is a genuine possibility. (...)
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