Results for 'Barak Krakauer'

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Barak Krakauer
University of California, Santa Cruz
  1. What Are Impossible Worlds?Barak Krakauer - 2013 - Philosophical Studies 165 (3):989-1007.
    In this paper, I argue for a particular conception of impossible worlds. Possible worlds, as traditionally understood, can be used in the analysis of propositions, the content of belief, the truth of counterfactuals, and so on. Yet possible worlds are not capable of differentiating propositions that are necessarily equivalent, making sense of the beliefs of agents who are not ideally rational, or giving truth values to counterfactuals with necessarily false antecedents. The addition of impossible worlds addresses these issues. The kinds (...)
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  2. Counterpossibles.Barak Krakauer - 2012 - Dissertation, University of Massachusetts
    Counterpossibles are counterfactuals with necessarily false antecedents. The problem of counterpossibles is easiest to state within the "nearest possible world" framework for counterfactuals: on this approach, a counterfactual is true when the consequent is true in the "nearest" possible world where the antecedent is true. Since counterpossibles have necessarily false antecedents, there is no possible world where the antecedent is true. On the approach favored by Lewis, Stalnaker, Williamson, and others, counterpossibles are all trivially true. I introduce several arguments against (...)
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  3.  53
    Motor Skill Depends on Knowledge of Facts.Jason Stanley & John W. Krakauer - 2013 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.
  4.  67
    Prescriptions: Autonomy, Humanism and the Purpose of Health Technology.Eric L. Krakauer - 1998 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 19 (6):525-545.
    My purpose is to examine two of the foundations of medical ethics: the principle of autonomy and the concept of the human. I also investigate the extent to which health technology makes autonomy and humanness possible. I begin by underlining Illich's point that the same health technology designed to promote health and autonomy also is pathogenic. I proceed to analyse the Kantian concept of autonomy, a concept which is closely associated with health and which continues to determine current ethical thinking. (...)
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  5.  14
    Law, Economics, and Morality.Eyal Zamir & Barak Medina - 2010 - Oup Usa.
    Law, Economics, and Morality examines the possibility of combining economic methodology and deontological morality through explicit and direct incorporation of moral constraints into economic models. Economic analysis of law is a powerful analytical methodology. However, as a purely consequentialist approach, which determines the desirability of acts and rules solely by assessing the goodness of their outcomes, standard cost-benefit analysis is normatively objectionable. Moderate deontology prioritizes such values as autonomy, basic liberties, truth-telling, and promise-keeping over the promotion of good outcomes. It (...)
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  6.  2
    The Disposition of the Subject: Reading Adorno's Dialectic of Technology.Eric Krakauer - 1998 - Northwestern University Press.
    The unprecedented mass manipulation, mass death, and trauma of World War II created a heightened interest in technology and totalitarianism among European and American intellectuals. _The Disposition of the Subject _explores Theodor Adorno's attempt to hinder further atrocity through philosophical analysis of technology and of its contribution to totalitarianisms of various kinds: political, aesthetic, epistemological.
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  7.  31
    The Intelligent Reflex.John W. Krakauer - 2019 - Philosophical Psychology 32 (5):822-830.
    ABSTRACTThe seeming distinction between motor and cognitive skills has hinged on the fact that the former are automatic and non-propositional, whereas the latter are slow and deliberative. Here, the physiological and behavioral phenomenon of long-latency stretch reflexes is used to show that “knowing-that” can be incorporated into “knowing-how,” either immediately or through learning. The experimental demonstration that slow computations can, with practice, be cached for fast retrieval, without the need for re-computation, dissolves the intellectualist/anti-intellectualist distinction: All complex human tasks, at (...)
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  8.  12
    Case Study: Mistrust, Racism, and End-of-Life Treatment.Eric L. Krakauer & Robert D. Truog - 1997 - Hastings Center Report 27 (3):23.
  9. Proportionality and Principled Balancing.Aharon Barak - 2010 - Law and Ethics of Human Rights 4 (1):1-16.
    This essay focuses on proportionality stricto sensu as a consequential test of balancing. The basic balancing rule establishes a general criterion for deciding between the marginal benefit to the public good and the marginal limit to human rights. Based on the Israeli constitutional jurisprudence, this essay supports the adoption of a principled balancing approach that translates the basic balancing rule into a series of principled balancing tests, taking into account the importance of the rights and the type of restriction. This (...)
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  10.  3
    Novice Researchers’ Views About Online Ethics Education and the Instructional Design Components that May Foster Ethical Practice.Miri Barak & Gizell Green - 2020 - Science and Engineering Ethics 26 (3):1403-1421.
    The goal of the current study was to examine novice researchers’ views about online ethics education and to identify the instructional design components that may foster ethical practice. Applying the mixed methods approach, data were collected via a survey and semi-structured interviews among M.Sc. and Ph.D. students in science and engineering. The findings point to the need for rethinking the way conventional online ethics courses are developed and delivered; encouraging students to build confidence in learning from distance, engaging them in (...)
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  11.  9
    Recent Insights Into Perceptual and Motor Skill Learning.Lior Shmuelof & John W. Krakauer - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  12.  10
    Hundertwasser - Inspiration for Environmental Ethics: Reformulating the Ecological Self.Nir Barak - 2017 - Environmental Values 26 (3):317-342.
    This article analyses and interprets the works of Friedensreich Hundertwasser as a source of inspiration for environmental ethics and offers an extended model of the Ecological Self based on an interpretation of his works. Hundertwasser was a prominent Jewish-Austrian artist and environmental activist, yet despite his commitment to environmental issues, he has not received the attention he deserves from the environmental ethics community. His works and writings suggest a critique and reformulation of the well-known concept of the Ecological Self. This (...)
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  13.  3
    Applying a Social Constructivist Approach to an Online Course on Ethics of Research.Miri Barak & Gizell Green - 2021 - Science and Engineering Ethics 27 (1):1-24.
    The growing trend of shifting from classroom to distance learning in ethics education programs raises the need to examine ways for adapting best instructional practices to online modes. To address this need, the current study was set to apply a social constructivist approach to an online course in research ethics and to examine its effect on the learning outcomes of science and engineering graduate students. The study applied a pre-test post-test quasi-experimental research design within a framework of a mixed-methods approach. (...)
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  14.  1
    The Implicit Association of High-Fat Food and Shame Among Women Recovered From Eating Disorders.Roni Elran-Barak, Tzipi Dror, Andrea B. Goldschmidt & Bethany A. Teachman - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  15.  3
    Barak Imagined.Brian McKinnon & Ingrid Wood - 2012 - Ethos: Social Education Victoria 20 (4):7.
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  16. Krakauer, Siegfried, Soziologische Wissenschaft. [REVIEW]Alfred Vierkandt - 1925 - Société Française de Philosophie, Bulletin 30:220.
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  17.  4
    Dislocation Dynamics in a Dodecagonal Quasiperiodic Structure.G. Barak & R. Lifshitz - 2006 - Philosophical Magazine 86 (6-8):1059-1064.
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  18.  6
    A State of Inaction: Regulatory Preferences, Rent, and Income Inequality.Barak Orbach - 2015 - Theoretical Inquiries in Law 16 (1):45-68.
    This Article explores several meanings of a regulatory preference for government inaction. It explains the rise to dominance of this inaction preference in the United States and its distorting influence on the perception and understanding of regulation. Specifically, the Article demonstrates how basic terms in regulation, such as “government failure,” “regulatory capture,” and “deregulation,” acquired misleading connotations suggesting that government inaction is always superior to government action. The Article further explains how, through government inaction, the U.S. legal system accommodates rent (...)
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  19.  15
    Dreams, Mnemonics, and Tuning for Criticality.Barak A. Pearlmutter & Conor J. Houghton - 2013 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (6):625-626.
    According to the tuning-for-criticality theory, the essential role of sleep is to protect the brain from super-critical behaviour. Here we argue that this protective role determines the content of dreams and any apparent relationship to the art of memory is secondary to this.
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  20.  3
    How Communities Create Economic Advantages: Jewish Diamond Merchants in New York.Barak D. Richman - 2006 - Law and Social Inquiry 31 (2).
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  21.  13
    Rethinking Private Warfare.Daphné Richemond-Barak - 2011 - Law and Ethics of Human Rights 5 (1):160-191.
    Waging war for money has been frowned upon since the Peace of Westphalia and the rise of the modern nation-state. The stigma associated with private warfare translates, in legal terms, into a prohibition on mercenary activity and denying mercenaries the protection afforded to regular combatants . Noting the apparent similarities between mercenaries and private military contractors, some have sought to extend to the latter the restrictive regime applicable to the former. But the resemblance between these two types of actors should (...)
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  22.  25
    Getting Scientific with Religion:A Darwinian Solution... Or Not?Barak Morgan - 2010 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 17 (3-4):192-230.
    Introducing non-Darwinian mind as a nonaptation I argue that Darwinian mind evolved from non-Darwinian mind through the evolution of desire and aversion. The subject position within Darwinian mind is Darwinian self and is inherently selfish. However the cathexis whereby the subject prioritises motivations of desire and aversion is not an inherent property of mind. Instead it is proposed to be an adaptation, a predisposition to respond to pleasant/unpleasant sensations with desire/aversion. This explains why self-sacrifice and disengagement from desire/aversion are the (...)
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  23.  21
    Ethnic and Racial Employment Discrimination in Low-Wage and High-Wage Markets: Randomized Controlled Trials Using Correspondence Tests in Israel.Barak Ariel, Ilanit Tobby-Alimi, Irit Cohen, Mazal Ben Ezra, Yafa Cohen & Gabriela Sosinski - 2015 - Law and Ethics of Human Rights 9 (1):113-139.
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  24.  17
    Ethnic and Racial Employment Discrimination in Low-Wage and High-Wage Markets: Randomized Controlled Trials Using Correspondence Tests in Israel.Barak Ariel, Ilanit Tobby-Alimi, Irit Cohen, Mazal Ben Ezra, Yafa Cohen & Gabriela Sosinski - 2015 - The Law and Ethics of Human Rights 9 (1).
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  25.  15
    On Barak. On Time: Technology and Temporality in Modern Egypt. Xiii + 341 Pp., Illus., Bibl., Index. Berkeley/Los Angeles: University of California Press, 2013. $29.95. [REVIEW]David Arnold - 2014 - Isis 105 (2):447-448.
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  26.  18
    Banned From the Libraries?: Ovid's Books and Their Fate in the Exile Poetry.Barak Blum - 2017 - American Journal of Philology 138 (3):489-526.
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  27.  7
    Cultor Et Antistes Doctorum Sancte Virorum: The Addressee of Ovid Tr. 3.14.Barak Blum - 2018 - Hermes 146 (3):324.
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  28.  10
    Ovid, Tristia 2.7–8 Revisited.Barak Blum - 2016 - Classical Quarterly 66 (2):598-604.
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  29.  33
    Ethics Committee Consultation Due to Conflict Over Life-Sustaining Treatment: A Sociodemographic Investigation.Andrew M. Courtwright, Frederic Romain, Ellen M. Robinson & Eric L. Krakauer - 2016 - Ajob Empirical Bioethics 7 (4):220-226.
  30.  16
    The Changing Composition of a Hospital Ethics Committee: A Tertiary Care Center’s Experience. [REVIEW]Andrew Courtwright, Sharon Brackett, Alexandra Cist, M. Cornelia Cremens, Eric L. Krakauer & Ellen M. Robinson - 2014 - HEC Forum 26 (1):59-68.
    A growing body of research has demonstrated significant heterogeneity of hospital ethics committee (HEC) size, membership and training requirements, length of appointment, institutional support, clinical and policy roles, and predictors of self identified success. Because these studies have focused on HECs at a single point in time, however, little is known about how the composition of HECs changes over time and what impact these changes have on committee utilization. The current study presents 20 years of data on the evolution of (...)
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  31.  15
    Unlearning Versus Savings in Visuomotor Adaptation: Comparing Effects of Washout, Passage of Time, and Removal of Errors on Motor Memory.Tomoko Kitago, Sophia L. Ryan, Pietro Mazzoni, John W. Krakauer & Adrian M. Haith - 2013 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.
  32.  6
    Translating Research Into Practice: Transitional Care for Older Adults.Mary D. Naylor, Penny Hollander Feldman, Stacen Keating, Mary Jane Koren, Ellen T. Kurtzman, Maureen C. Maccoy & Randall Krakauer - 2009 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 15 (6):1164-1170.
  33.  3
    An Evolutionary Perspective on Hebb's Reverberatory Representations.David C. Krakauer & Alasdair I. Houston - 1995 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 18 (4):636-637.
    Hebbian mechanisms are justified according to their functional utility in an evolutionary sense. The selective advantage of correlating content-contingent stimuli reflects the putative common cause of temporally or spatially contiguous inputs. The selective consequences of such correlations are discussed by using examples from the evolution of signal form in sexual selection and model-mimic coevolution. We suggest that evolutionary justification might be considered in addition to neurophysiology plansibility when constructing representational models.
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  34.  28
    ‘Best Clinical Practice’: Assessment of Processes of Care and of Outcomes in the US Military Health Services System.Henry Krakauer, Monica Jia‐Yeong Lin, Eric M. Schone, Dae Park, Richard C. Miller, Jeffrey Greenwald, R. Clifton Bailey, Barbara Rogers, Geoffrey Bernstein, David E. Lilienfeld, Sidney M. Stahl, Raymond S. Crawford & David C. Schutt - 1998 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 4 (1):11-29.
  35.  3
    Examining Mental Health Knowledge, Stigma, and Service Use Intentions Among Public Safety Personnel.Rachel L. Krakauer, Andrea M. Stelnicki & R. Nicholas Carleton - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  36. Race and the Delivery of Care-Reply.E. L. Krakauer - 1998 - Hastings Center Report 28 (1):6-6.
     
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  37.  11
    High‐Value Transitional Care: Translation of Research Into Practice.Mary D. Naylor, Kathryn H. Bowles, Kathleen M. McCauley, Maureen C. Maccoy, Greg Maislin, Mark V. Pauly & Randall Krakauer - 2013 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 19 (5):727-733.
  38. Mivòhar Ketavim.Haim Hermann Cohn, Aharon Barak & Ruth Gavison - 1991 - Bursi.
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  39.  59
    Raw Feeling: A Model for Affective Consciousness.Jack van Honk, Barak E. Morgan & Dennis J. L. G. Schutter - 2007 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (1):107-108.
    Seeking to unlock the secrets of consciousness, neuroscientists have been studying neural correlates of sensory awareness, such as meaningless randomly moving dots. But in the natural world of species' survival, “raw feelings” mediate conscious adaptive responses. Merker connects the brainstem with vigilance, orientating, and emotional consciousness. However, depending on the brain's phylogenetic level, raw feeling takes particular forms. (Published Online May 1 2007).
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  40.  13
    Civic Ecologism: Environmental Politics in Cities.Nir Barak - 2020 - Tandf: Ethics, Policy and Environment 23 (1):53-69.
    Volume 23, Issue 1, March 2020, Page 53-69.
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  41.  15
    Catherine Hanley, Louis: The French Prince Who Invaded England. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2016. Pp. Xv, 279; 22 Color Plates, 2 Maps, and 2 Tables. $40. ISBN: 978-0-300-21745-2. [REVIEW]Hagar Barak - 2018 - Speculum 93 (1):223-224.
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  42.  11
    Enhancing Undergraduate Students' Chemistry Understanding Through Project‐Based Learning in an IT Environment.Miri Barak & Yehudit Judy Dori - 2005 - Science Education 89 (1):117-139.
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  43.  5
    Hot‐Air Balloons: Project‐Centered Study as a Bridge Between Science and Technology Education.Moshe Barak & Eli Raz - 2000 - Science Education 84 (1):27-42.
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  44.  32
    Kabbalah Versus Philosophy: Rabbi Avraham Itzhak Kook’s Critique of the Spiritual World of Franz Rosenzweig.Uriel Barak - 2015 - Journal of Jewish Thought and Philosophy 23 (1):27-59.
  45.  6
    Les Juges Comme Gardiens de la Constitution Sur L’Acte de Juger.Aharon Barak & Otto Pfersmann - 2017 - Cités 69 (1):19.
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  46.  5
    The Administrative Process as a Domain of Conflicting Interests.Daphne Barak-Erez - 2005 - Theoretical Inquiries in Law 6 (1):193-214.
    The article presents the argument that administrative decision-making should be understood as devoted to balancing between conflicting interests of individuals or groups, usually when none of the affected parties has predefined legal rights that are relevant to the substantial content of the administrative decision. Administrative decisions often have a direct effect not only on human and civil rights issues, but also on matters bearing on the quality of life, living conditions, prices of regulated products, and the allocation of government funds. (...)
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  47.  18
    The Collective Soul.Uriel Barak - 2016 - Journal of Jewish Thought and Philosophy 24 (2):300-317.
    _ Source: _Volume 24, Issue 2, pp 300 - 317 This article examines R. Zvi Yehudah Kook’s reading of two earlier thinkers who were influential in the formulation of his thought—the Maharal of Prague and R. Avraham Azulai. I argue that his creative and unique reading of these texts exemplifies a fascinating dialogue he held with earlier sources, which he interpreted and infused with his own theological postulates. Here I explore his theory of the unique nature of the Jewish soul, (...)
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  48.  21
    The Delusion of Symmetric Rights.D. Barak-Erez & R. Shapira - 1999 - Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 19 (2):297-312.
    This article takes a close look at a rhetoric strategy, often used in an attempt to preserve an appearance of neutrality in conflicts over rights. This strategy rests on the concept of symmetry, and in particular concerns symmetry between so-called 'positive rights' (described as the right to obtain or have an object, to engage in an activity, or to enjoy a desired state of affairs) and 'negative rights' (the right not to have this object, not to engage in this activity, (...)
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  49.  56
    The Private Prison Controversy and the Privatization Continuum.Daphne Barak-Erez - 2011 - Law and Ethics of Human Rights 5 (1):139-157.
    Imprisonment calls into question the institutionalized violence of the state and its organs. It touches on the very core of the meaning of state sovereignty and concerns one of the most disempowered groups of society: indicted criminals. Therefore, privatization of prisons signals the willingness to apply privatization policies almost with no limitations. Private prisons have become a known phenomenon in many countries. After the debate on this issue seemed to lose its pragmatic value—in contrast to its importance on the theoretical (...)
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  50.  12
    The Primaries System and Its Constitutional Effect: Where is the Revolution?Daphne Barak-Erez - 2002 - Theoretical Inquiries in Law 3 (1).
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