Results for 'Barak Krakauer'

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Barak Krakauer
University of California, Santa Cruz
  1. What Are Impossible Worlds?Barak Krakauer - 2013 - Philosophical Studies 165 (3):989-1007.
    In this paper, I argue for a particular conception of impossible worlds. Possible worlds, as traditionally understood, can be used in the analysis of propositions, the content of belief, the truth of counterfactuals, and so on. Yet possible worlds are not capable of differentiating propositions that are necessarily equivalent, making sense of the beliefs of agents who are not ideally rational, or giving truth values to counterfactuals with necessarily false antecedents. The addition of impossible worlds addresses these issues. The kinds (...)
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  2. Counterpossibles.Barak Krakauer - 2012 - Dissertation, University of Massachusetts
    Counterpossibles are counterfactuals with necessarily false antecedents. The problem of counterpossibles is easiest to state within the "nearest possible world" framework for counterfactuals: on this approach, a counterfactual is true when the consequent is true in the "nearest" possible world where the antecedent is true. Since counterpossibles have necessarily false antecedents, there is no possible world where the antecedent is true. On the approach favored by Lewis, Stalnaker, Williamson, and others, counterpossibles are all trivially true. I introduce several arguments against (...)
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  3.  36
    Motor Skill Depends on Knowledge of Facts.Jason Stanley & John W. Krakauer - 2013 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.
  4. Proportionality and Principled Balancing.Aharon Barak - 2010 - Law and Ethics of Human Rights 4 (1):1-16.
    This essay focuses on proportionality stricto sensu as a consequential test of balancing. The basic balancing rule establishes a general criterion for deciding between the marginal benefit to the public good and the marginal limit to human rights. Based on the Israeli constitutional jurisprudence, this essay supports the adoption of a principled balancing approach that translates the basic balancing rule into a series of principled balancing tests, taking into account the importance of the rights and the type of restriction. This (...)
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  5.  32
    Ethics Committee Consultation Due to Conflict Over Life-Sustaining Treatment: A Sociodemographic Investigation.Andrew M. Courtwright, Frederic Romain, Ellen M. Robinson & Eric L. Krakauer - 2016 - Ajob Empirical Bioethics 7 (4):220-226.
  6.  5
    Translating Research Into Practice: Transitional Care for Older Adults.Mary D. Naylor, Penny Hollander Feldman, Stacen Keating, Mary Jane Koren, Ellen T. Kurtzman, Maureen C. Maccoy & Randall Krakauer - 2009 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 15 (6):1164-1170.
  7.  3
    Civic Ecologism: Environmental Politics in Cities.Nir Barak - forthcoming - Ethics, Policy and Environment:1-17.
    This paper accepts Ecologism’s basic argument that sustainable existence implies radical change in our relationship with the nonhuman world and in our social and political lives, and seeks to ascer...
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  8.  24
    The Intelligent Reflex.John W. Krakauer - 2019 - Philosophical Psychology 32 (5):822-830.
    ABSTRACTThe seeming distinction between motor and cognitive skills has hinged on the fact that the former are automatic and non-propositional, whereas the latter are slow and deliberative. Here, the physiological and behavioral phenomenon of long-latency stretch reflexes is used to show that “knowing-that” can be incorporated into “knowing-how,” either immediately or through learning. The experimental demonstration that slow computations can, with practice, be cached for fast retrieval, without the need for re-computation, dissolves the intellectualist/anti-intellectualist distinction: All complex human tasks, at (...)
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  9.  9
    Hundertwasser - Inspiration for Environmental Ethics: Reformulating the Ecological Self.Nir Barak - 2017 - Environmental Values 26 (3):317-342.
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  10.  64
    Prescriptions: Autonomy, Humanism and the Purpose of Health Technology.Eric L. Krakauer - 1998 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 19 (6):525-545.
    My purpose is to examine two of the foundations of medical ethics: the principle of autonomy and the concept of the human. I also investigate the extent to which health technology makes autonomy and humanness possible. I begin by underlining Illich's point that the same health technology designed to promote health and autonomy also is pathogenic. I proceed to analyse the Kantian concept of autonomy, a concept which is closely associated with health and which continues to determine current ethical thinking. (...)
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  11.  8
    High‐Value Transitional Care: Translation of Research Into Practice.Mary D. Naylor, Kathryn H. Bowles, Kathleen M. McCauley, Maureen C. Maccoy, Greg Maislin, Mark V. Pauly & Randall Krakauer - 2013 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 19 (5):727-733.
  12.  2
    Different Shades of Beauty: Adolescents’ Perspectives on Drawing From Observation.Nurit Wolk, Adi Barak & Dani Yaniv - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  13.  8
    Recent Insights Into Perceptual and Motor Skill Learning.Lior Shmuelof & John W. Krakauer - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  14.  12
    The Changing Composition of a Hospital Ethics Committee: A Tertiary Care Center’s Experience. [REVIEW]Andrew Courtwright, Sharon Brackett, Alexandra Cist, M. Cornelia Cremens, Eric L. Krakauer & Ellen M. Robinson - 2014 - HEC Forum 26 (1):59-68.
    A growing body of research has demonstrated significant heterogeneity of hospital ethics committee (HEC) size, membership and training requirements, length of appointment, institutional support, clinical and policy roles, and predictors of self identified success. Because these studies have focused on HECs at a single point in time, however, little is known about how the composition of HECs changes over time and what impact these changes have on committee utilization. The current study presents 20 years of data on the evolution of (...)
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  15.  4
    Dislocation Dynamics in a Dodecagonal Quasiperiodic Structure.G. Barak & R. Lifshitz - 2006 - Philosophical Magazine 86 (6-8):1059-1064.
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  16.  12
    Case Study: Mistrust, Racism, and End-of-Life Treatment.Eric L. Krakauer & Robert D. Truog - 1997 - Hastings Center Report 27 (3):23.
  17.  15
    Catherine Hanley, Louis: The French Prince Who Invaded England. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2016. Pp. Xv, 279; 22 Color Plates, 2 Maps, and 2 Tables. $40. ISBN: 978-0-300-21745-2. [REVIEW]Hagar Barak - 2018 - Speculum 93 (1):223-224.
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  18. The Disposition of the Subject: Reading Adorno's Dialectic of Technology.Eric Krakauer - 1998 - Northwestern University Press.
    The unprecedented mass manipulation, mass death, and trauma of World War II created a heightened interest in technology and totalitarianism among European and American intellectuals. _The Disposition of the Subject _explores Theodor Adorno's attempt to hinder further atrocity through philosophical analysis of technology and of its contribution to totalitarianisms of various kinds: political, aesthetic, epistemological.
     
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  19.  24
    Kabbalah Versus Philosophy: Rabbi Avraham Itzhak Kook’s Critique of the Spiritual World of Franz Rosenzweig.Uriel Barak - 2015 - Journal of Jewish Thought and Philosophy 23 (1):27-59.
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  20.  17
    The Collective Soul.Uriel Barak - 2016 - Journal of Jewish Thought and Philosophy 24 (2):300-317.
    _ Source: _Volume 24, Issue 2, pp 300 - 317 This article examines R. Zvi Yehudah Kook’s reading of two earlier thinkers who were influential in the formulation of his thought—the Maharal of Prague and R. Avraham Azulai. I argue that his creative and unique reading of these texts exemplifies a fascinating dialogue he held with earlier sources, which he interpreted and infused with his own theological postulates. Here I explore his theory of the unique nature of the Jewish soul, (...)
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  21.  26
    ‘Best Clinical Practice’: Assessment of Processes of Care and of Outcomes in the US Military Health Services System.Henry Krakauer, Monica Jia‐Yeong Lin, Eric M. Schone, Dae Park, Richard C. Miller, Jeffrey Greenwald, R. Clifton Bailey, Barbara Rogers, Geoffrey Bernstein, David E. Lilienfeld, Sidney M. Stahl, Raymond S. Crawford & David C. Schutt - 1998 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 4 (1):11-29.
  22.  1
    Novice Researchers’ Views About Online Ethics Education and the Instructional Design Components That May Foster Ethical Practice.Miri Barak & Gizell Green - forthcoming - Science and Engineering Ethics:1-19.
    The goal of the current study was to examine novice researchers’ views about online ethics education and to identify the instructional design components that may foster ethical practice. Applying the mixed methods approach, data were collected via a survey and semi-structured interviews among M.Sc. and Ph.D. students in science and engineering. The findings point to the need for rethinking the way conventional online ethics courses are developed and delivered; encouraging students to build confidence in learning from distance, engaging them in (...)
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  23.  12
    Unlearning Versus Savings in Visuomotor Adaptation: Comparing Effects of Washout, Passage of Time, and Removal of Errors on Motor Memory.Tomoko Kitago, Sophia L. Ryan, Pietro Mazzoni, John W. Krakauer & Adrian M. Haith - 2013 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.
  24.  11
    Enhancing Undergraduate Students' Chemistry Understanding Through Project‐Based Learning in an IT Environment.Miri Barak & Yehudit Judy Dori - 2005 - Science Education 89 (1):117-139.
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  25.  5
    Les Juges Comme Gardiens de la Constitution Sur L’Acte de Juger.Aharon Barak & Otto Pfersmann - 2017 - Cités 69 (1):19.
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  26.  4
    Hot‐Air Balloons: Project‐Centered Study as a Bridge Between Science and Technology Education.Moshe Barak & Eli Raz - 2000 - Science Education 84 (1):27-42.
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  27.  3
    An Evolutionary Perspective on Hebb's Reverberatory Representations.David C. Krakauer & Alasdair I. Houston - 1995 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 18 (4):636-637.
    Hebbian mechanisms are justified according to their functional utility in an evolutionary sense. The selective advantage of correlating content-contingent stimuli reflects the putative common cause of temporally or spatially contiguous inputs. The selective consequences of such correlations are discussed by using examples from the evolution of signal form in sexual selection and model-mimic coevolution. We suggest that evolutionary justification might be considered in addition to neurophysiology plansibility when constructing representational models.
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  28. Novice Researchers’ Views About Online Ethics Education and the Instructional Design Components That May Foster Ethical Practice.Miri Barak & Gizell Green - forthcoming - Science and Engineering Ethics:1-19.
    The goal of the current study was to examine novice researchers’ views about online ethics education and to identify the instructional design components that may foster ethical practice. Applying the mixed methods approach, data were collected via a survey and semi-structured interviews among M.Sc. and Ph.D. students in science and engineering. The findings point to the need for rethinking the way conventional online ethics courses are developed and delivered; encouraging students to build confidence in learning from distance, engaging them in (...)
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  29. Novice Researchers’ Views About Online Ethics Education and the Instructional Design Components That May Foster Ethical Practice.Miri Barak & Gizell Green - forthcoming - Science and Engineering Ethics:1-19.
    The goal of the current study was to examine novice researchers’ views about online ethics education and to identify the instructional design components that may foster ethical practice. Applying the mixed methods approach, data were collected via a survey and semi-structured interviews among M.Sc. and Ph.D. students in science and engineering. The findings point to the need for rethinking the way conventional online ethics courses are developed and delivered; encouraging students to build confidence in learning from distance, engaging them in (...)
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  30. Mivòhar Ketavim.Haim Hermann Cohn, Aharon Barak & Ruth Gavison - 1991 - Bursi.
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  31. Examining Mental Health Knowledge, Stigma, and Service Use Intentions Among Public Safety Personnel.Rachel L. Krakauer, Andrea M. Stelnicki & R. Nicholas Carleton - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  32. Race and the Delivery of Care-Reply.E. L. Krakauer - 1998 - Hastings Center Report 28 (1):6-6.
     
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  33.  14
    On Barak. On Time: Technology and Temporality in Modern Egypt. Xiii + 341 Pp., Illus., Bibl., Index. Berkeley/Los Angeles: University of California Press, 2013. $29.95. [REVIEW]David Arnold - 2014 - Isis 105 (2):447-448.
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  34.  3
    Numerus und mensura in der Krakauer naturphilosophie Des XV. jahrhunderts.Mieczyslaw Markowski - 1983 - In Andreas Speer (ed.), Mensura, 1. Halbband: Mass, Zahl, Zahlensymbolik Im Mittelalter. De Gruyter. pp. 177-191.
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  35.  3
    Barak Imagined.Brian McKinnon & Ingrid Wood - 2012 - Ethos: Social Education Victoria 20 (4):7.
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  36. Krakauer, Siegfried, Soziologische Wissenschaft. [REVIEW]Alfred Vierkandt - 1925 - Société Française de Philosophie, Bulletin 30:220.
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  37.  11
    Law, Economics, and Morality.Eyal Zamir & Barak Medina - 2010 - Oup Usa.
    Law, Economics, and Morality examines the possibility of combining economic methodology and deontological morality through explicit and direct incorporation of moral constraints into economic models. Economic analysis of law is a powerful analytical methodology. However, as a purely consequentialist approach, which determines the desirability of acts and rules solely by assessing the goodness of their outcomes, standard cost-benefit analysis is normatively objectionable. Moderate deontology prioritizes such values as autonomy, basic liberties, truth-telling, and promise-keeping over the promotion of good outcomes. It (...)
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  38.  82
    Skill and Motor Control: Intelligence All the Way Down.Ellen Fridland - 2017 - Philosophical Studies 174 (6):1-22.
    When reflecting on the nature of skilled action, it is easy to fall into familiar dichotomies such that one construes the flexibility and intelligence of skill at the level of intentional states while characterizing the automatic motor processes that constitute motor skill execution as learned but fixed, invariant, bottom-up, brute-causal responses. In this essay, I will argue that this picture of skilled, automatic, motor processes is overly simplistic. Specifically, I will argue that an adequate account of the learned motor routines (...)
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  39. The Core of the Case Against Judicial Review.Jeremy Waldron - unknown
    author. University Professor in the School of Law, Columbia University. (From July 2006, Professor of Law, New York University.) Earlier versions of this Essay were presented at the Colloquium in Legal and Social Philosophy at University College London, at a law faculty workshop at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, and at a constitutional law conference at Harvard Law School. I am particularly grateful to Ronald Dworkin, Ruth Gavison, and Seana Shiffrin for their formal comments on those occasions and also to (...)
     
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  40.  4
    Skill and Motor Control: Intelligence All the Way Down.Ellen Fridland - 2017 - Philosophical Studies 174 (6):1539-1560.
    When reflecting on the nature of skilled action, it is easy to fall into familiar dichotomies such that one construes the flexibility and intelligence of skill at the level of intentional states while characterizing the automatic motor processes that constitute motor skill execution as learned but fixed, invariant, bottom-up, brute-causal responses. In this essay, I will argue that this picture of skilled, automatic, motor processes is overly simplistic. Specifically, I will argue that an adequate account of the learned motor routines (...)
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  41.  51
    How to Be Skilful: Opportunistic Robustness and Normative Sensitivity.Andrew Buskell - 2015 - Synthese 192 (5):1445-1466.
    In a recent article, Fridland characterises a central capacity of skill users, an aspect she calls ‘control’. Control, according to Fridland, is evidenced in the way in which skill users are able to marshal a variety of mental and bodily resources in order to keep skill deployment operating fluidly and appropriately. According to Fridland, two prevalent contemporary accounts of skill—Stanley & Krakauer’s and Hubert Dreyfus’s —fail to account for the features of control, and do so necessarily. While I agree (...)
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  42.  4
    Israel’s “Constitutional Revolution”: A Thought From Political Liberalism.Frank I. Michelman - 2018 - Theoretical Inquiries in Law 19 (2):745-765.
    In his book The Purse and the Sword: The Trials of Israel’s Legal Revolution, Daniel Friedmann brings under critical inspection what he names as a legal revolution in Israel. Friedmann gives us, under that name, an account of a shift of certain major and sensitive state powers from elected leaders and legislators to politically insulated officials and judges. The Supreme Court’s construction of two Basic Law enactments of the twelfth Knesset into a justiciable, substantive “formal constitution” for Israel figures in (...)
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  43.  36
    Deontology, Thresholds, and Efficiency.Christopher T. Wonnell - 2011 - Legal Theory 17 (4):301-317.
    This article explores four topics raised by Eyal Zamir and Barak Medina's treatment of constrained deontology. First, it examines whether mathematical threshold functions are the proper way to think about limits on deontology, given the discontinuities of our moral judgments and the desired phenomenology of rule-following. Second, it asks whether constrained deontology is appropriate for public as well as private decision-making, taking issue with the book's conclusion that deontological options are inapplicable to public decision-making, whereas deontological constraints are applicable. (...)
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  44.  14
    Sex Differences in Human Aggression: The Interaction Between Early Developmental and Later Activational Testosterone.David Terburg, Jiska S. Peper, Barak Morgan & Jack van Honk - 2009 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (3-4):290 - 290.
    The relation between testosterone levels and aggressive behavior is well established. From an evolutionary viewpoint, testosterone can explain at least part of the sex differences found in aggressive behavior. This explanation, however, is mediated by factors such as prenatal testosterone levels and basal levels of cortisol. Especially regarding sex differences in aggression during adolescence, these mediators have great influence. Based on developmental brain structure research we argue that sex differences in aggression have a pre-pubertal origin and are maintained during adolescence. (...)
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  45.  39
    Book Review Section 4. [REVIEW]Timothy Boggs, Charles B. Keely, John P. Sikula, Elliott S. M. Gatner, Dwight W. Allen, Frederick H. Stutz, Dan Landis, David A. Potter, Joseph M. Scandura, Larry S. Bowen, Jay M. Smith, Gerald Kulm, Barak Rosenshine, Lawrence M. Knolle, Jacquelin A. Stitt, Joan K. Smith, Nicholas F. Rayder, B. R. Bugelski, Karen F. Swoope, Joan Duff Kise, Robert S. Means, Gladys H. Means, Stanley H. Rude & James E. Ysseldyke - 1974 - Educational Studies: Journal of the American Educational Studies Association 5 (1):78-97.
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  46.  17
    Banned From the Libraries?: Ovid's Books and Their Fate in the Exile Poetry.Barak Blum - 2017 - American Journal of Philology 138 (3):489-526.
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  47.  52
    The Private Prison Controversy and the Privatization Continuum.Daphne Barak-Erez - 2011 - Law and Ethics of Human Rights 5 (1):139-157.
    Imprisonment calls into question the institutionalized violence of the state and its organs. It touches on the very core of the meaning of state sovereignty and concerns one of the most disempowered groups of society: indicted criminals. Therefore, privatization of prisons signals the willingness to apply privatization policies almost with no limitations. Private prisons have become a known phenomenon in many countries. After the debate on this issue seemed to lose its pragmatic value—in contrast to its importance on the theoretical (...)
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  48.  7
    Cultor Et Antistes Doctorum Sancte Virorum: The Addressee of Ovid Tr. 3.14.Barak Blum - 2018 - Hermes 146 (3):324-340.
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  49.  52
    Raw Feeling: A Model for Affective Consciousness.Jack van Honk, Barak E. Morgan & Dennis J. L. G. Schutter - 2007 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (1):107-108.
    Seeking to unlock the secrets of consciousness, neuroscientists have been studying neural correlates of sensory awareness, such as meaningless randomly moving dots. But in the natural world of species' survival, “raw feelings” mediate conscious adaptive responses. Merker connects the brainstem with vigilance, orientating, and emotional consciousness. However, depending on the brain's phylogenetic level, raw feeling takes particular forms. (Published Online May 1 2007).
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  50.  21
    The Delusion of Symmetric Rights.D. Barak-Erez & R. Shapira - 1999 - Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 19 (2):297-312.
    This article takes a close look at a rhetoric strategy, often used in an attempt to preserve an appearance of neutrality in conflicts over rights. This strategy rests on the concept of symmetry, and in particular concerns symmetry between so-called 'positive rights' (described as the right to obtain or have an object, to engage in an activity, or to enjoy a desired state of affairs) and 'negative rights' (the right not to have this object, not to engage in this activity, (...)
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