7 found
  1.  14
    On the status of inhibitory mechanisms in cognition: Memory retrieval as a model case.Michael C. Anderson & Barbara A. Spellman - 1995 - Psychological Review 102 (1):68-100.
  2.  15
    The relation between counterfactual and causal reasoning.Barbara A. Spellman, Alexandra P. Kincannon & Stephen J. Stose - 2005 - In David R. Mandel, Denis J. Hilton & Patrizia Catellani (eds.), The Psychology of Counterfactual Thinking. Routledge. pp. 28--43.
  3.  24
    On the relation between counterfactual and causal reasoning.Barbara A. Spellman & Dieynaba G. Ndiaye - 2007 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (5-6):466-467.
    We critique the distinction Byrne makes between strong causes and enabling conditions, and its implications, on both theoretical and empirical grounds. First, we believe that the difference is psychological, not logical. Second, we disagree that there is a strict Third, we disagree that it is easier for people to generate causes than counterfactuals.
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  4.  20
    What the replication reformation wrought.Barbara A. Spellman & Daniel Kahneman - 2018 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 41.
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  5.  17
    The socio-ecological approach turns variance among populations from a liability to an asset.Selin Kesebir, Shigehiro Oishi & Barbara A. Spellman - 2010 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 33 (2-3):96-97.
    We emphasize the value of the socio-ecological approach in addressing the problem of population variances. The socio-ecological perspective studies how social and natural habitats shape human behaviors, and are in turn shaped by those behaviors. This focus on system-level factors is particularly well-suited to studying the origins of group differences in human behavior.
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  6.  35
    Hypothesis testing: Strategy selection for generalising versus limiting hypotheses.Barbara A. Spellman - 1999 - Thinking and Reasoning 5 (1):67 – 92.
    Humans appear to follow normative rules of inductive reasoning in "premise diversity tasks" that is, they know that dissimilar rather than similar evidence is better for generalising hypotheses. In three experiments, we use a "hypothesis limitation task" to compare a related inductive reasoning skill knowing how to limit hypotheses by using a negative test strategy. Participants are told that one category member has some property (e.g. Dogs have a merocrine gland) and are asked what evidence they would test to ensure (...)
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  7.  22
    The implicit use of base rates in experiential and ecologically valid tasks.Barbara A. Spellman - 1996 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 19 (1):38-38.