Results for 'Barbara Gault'

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  1.  42
    The roles of empathy, anger, and gender in predicting attitudes toward punitive, reparative, and preventative public policies.Barbara A. Gault & John Sabini - 2000 - Cognition and Emotion 14 (4):495-520.
  2.  42
    Intention isn't indivisible.George Ainslie & Barbara Gault - 1997 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (2):365-366.
    An intertemporal bargaining model of commitment does not entail the interaction of parts within the person as Rachlin claims, and is needed to explain properties of self-control that his molar generalization model does not predict.
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  3.  27
    Solidarity in Biomedicine and Beyond.Barbara Prainsack & Alena Buyx - 2016 - Cambridge University Press.
    In times of global economic and political crises, the notion of solidarity is gaining new currency. This book argues that a solidarity-based perspective can help us to find new ways to address pressing problems. Exemplified by three case studies from the field of biomedicine: databases for health and disease research, personalised healthcare, and organ donation, it explores how solidarity can make a difference in how we frame problems, and in the policy solutions that we can offer.
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  4. The body problem.Barbara Montero - 1999 - Noûs 33 (2):183-200.
  5. A defense of the via negativa argument for physicalism.Barbara Montero & David Papineau - 2005 - Analysis 65 (3):233-237.
  6. Must Physicalism Imply the Supervenience of the Mental on the Physical?Barbara Gail Montero - 2013 - Journal of Philosophy 110 (2):93-110.
  7.  25
    The “We” in the “Me”: Solidarity and Health Care in the Era of Personalized Medicine.Barbara Prainsack - 2018 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 43 (1):21-44.
    This article challenges a key tacit assumption underpinning legal and ethical instruments in health care, namely, that people are ideally bounded, independent, and often also strategically rational individuals. Such an understanding of personhood has been criticized within feminist and other critical scholarship as being unfit to capture the deeply relational nature of human beings. In the field of medicine, however, it also causes tangible problems. I propose that a solidarity-based perspective entails a relational approach and as such helps to formulate (...)
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  8.  67
    Making Room for a This-Worldly Physicalism.Barbara Gail Montero & Chris Brown - 2018 - Topoi 37 (3):523-532.
    Physicalism is thought to entail that mental properties supervene on microphysical properties, or in other words that all God had to do was to create the fundamental physical properties and the rest came along for free. In this paper, we question the all-god-had-to-do reflex.
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  9.  65
    Making Room for a This-Worldly Physicalism.Barbara Gail Montero & Christopher Devlin Brown - 2018 - Topoi 37 (3):523-532.
    Physicalism is thought to entail that mental properties supervene on microphysical properties, or in other words that all God had to do was to create the fundamental physical properties and the rest came along for free. In this paper, we question the all-god-had-to-do reflex.
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  10.  66
    Mathematical platonism and the causal relevance of abstracta.Barbara Gail Montero - 2022 - Synthese 200 (6):1-18.
    Many mathematicians are platonists: they believe that the axioms of mathematics are true because they express the structure of a nonspatiotemporal, mind independent, realm. But platonism is plagued by a philosophical worry: it is unclear how we could have knowledge of an abstract, realm, unclear how nonspatiotemporal objects could causally affect our spatiotemporal cognitive faculties. Here I aim to make room in our metaphysical picture of the world for the causal relevance of abstracta.
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  11. Social Science and Social Pathology.Barbara Wootton - 1959 - Philosophy 37 (140):165-175.
     
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  12.  55
    A reply to ‘Spirituality and nursing: a reductionist approach’ by John Paley: Dialogue.Barbara Pesut - 2008 - Nursing Philosophy 9 (2):131-137.
  13.  27
    Meditation-related activations are modulated by the practices needed to obtain it and by the expertise: an ALE meta-analysis study.Barbara Tomasino, Sara Fregona, Miran Skrap & Franco Fabbro - 2012 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.
  14. Music and Language Perception: Expectations, Structural Integration, and Cognitive Sequencing.Barbara Tillmann - 2012 - Topics in Cognitive Science 4 (4):568-584.
    Music can be described as sequences of events that are structured in pitch and time. Studying music processing provides insight into how complex event sequences are learned, perceived, and represented by the brain. Given the temporal nature of sound, expectations, structural integration, and cognitive sequencing are central in music perception (i.e., which sounds are most likely to come next and at what moment should they occur?). This paper focuses on similarities in music and language cognition research, showing that music cognition (...)
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  15.  22
    Naturalism and Physicalism.Barbara Gail Montero & David Papineau - 2016 - In Kelly James Clark (ed.), The Blackwell Companion to Naturalism. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley. pp. 182–195.
    This chapter is concerned with materialistic views of the mind and the natural world in general. It examines the scientific evidence for the claim that everything within the spatiotemporal realm is physically constituted, and considers whether this evidence leaves room for any alternatives to this physicalist thesis.
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  16.  54
    Pathological Altruism.Barbara Oakley, Ariel Knafo, Guruprasad Madhavan & David Sloan Wilson (eds.) - 2011 - Oxford University Press.
  17.  63
    Thinking in the Zone: The Expert Mind in Action.Barbara Gail Montero - 2015 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 53 (S1):126-140.
    Athletes sometimes describe “being in the zone,” as a time when their actions flow effortlessly and flawlessly without the guidance of thought. But is it true that athletes don't think when performing at their best? Numerous studies (such as Beilock et al. 2004, 2007 Ford et al 2005, Baumeister 1984, Masters 1992, Wulf & Prinz 2001, Beilock & DeCaro, 2007). However, I aim to argue that because even highly‐practiced skills can remain in part under an expert athlete's conscious control, thinking (...)
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  18.  44
    Childhood, Philosophy and Play: Friedrich Schiller and the Interface between Reason, Passion and Sensation.Barbara Weber - 2011 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 45 (2):235-250.
    Philosophy for Children claims to foster not only critical thinking, but also creative and caring thinking. However, its theoretical foundations draw mainly on the analytic and pragmatist philosophical tradition. Consequently, and made evident by the choice of the terms ‘caring thinking’ and ‘creative thinking’, it seem to reduce these concepts mostly to ‘thinking skills’. In this article I will first briefly explicate the difficulties of such a reduction. Secondly I will try to resolve this problem by embedding rationality, creativity and (...)
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  19.  30
    The Artist as Critic: Dance Training, Neuroscience, and Aesthetic Evaluation.Barbara Gail Montero - 2013 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 71 (2):169-175.
  20.  15
    6. Die Sorge als Sein des Daseins.Barbara Merker - 2003 - In Thomas Rentsch (ed.), Martin Heidegger. Sein und Zeit. Peeters Press. pp. 109-124.
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  21.  4
    Die Macht der Atmosphären.Barbara Wolf & Christian Julmi (eds.) - 2020 - Verlag Karl Alber.
    Atmosphären zeichnen sich gleichermaßen durch ihre Profanität und ihre Wirkmächtigkeit aus. Wo immer man hinsieht, sind Atmosphären ein bestimmendes, vielleicht sogar das wichtigste Element im menschlichen Leben. Das Ziel des Sammelbandes besteht darin, die Bedeutung der Atmosphären im Gefühlsraum theoretisch und praktisch zu verdeutlichen und das Phänomen der Atmosphären in seinen vielfältigen Facetten, etwa in der Architektur, Kunst, Medizin, Psychiatrie, in der Pädagogik, in der Altenpflege, in Beruf und Privatleben, zu beleuchten.
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  22.  9
    Life in its fullness: Ecology, eschatology and ecodomy in a time of climate change.Barbara R. Rossing & Johan Buitendag - 2020 - HTS Theological Studies 76 (1).
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  23. On willing selves: neoliberal politics vis-à-vis the neuroscientific challenge.Sabine Maasen & Barbara Sutter (eds.) - 2007 - New York: Plagrave Macmiilan.
    Currently, the neurosciences challenge the concept of will to be scientifically untenable, specifying that it is our brain rather than our "self" that decides what we want to do. At the same time, we seem to be confronted with increasing possibilities and necessities of free choice in all areas of social life. Based on up-to-date (empirical) research in the social sciences and philosophy, the authors convened in this book address this seeming contradiction: By differentiating the physical, the psychic, and the (...)
     
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  24.  48
    The value of work: Addressing the future of work through the lens of solidarity.Barbara Prainsack & Alena Buyx - 2018 - Bioethics 32 (9):585-592.
    Designing the future of work is crucial to the health and well‐being of people and societies. Experts predict that developments such as the advancement of digital technologies, automation, and the movement of manufacturing jobs to low‐wage countries will lead to major transformations in the labour market, and some foresee significant job losses. Due to the close relationship between employment and health, major job losses would have significant negative impacts on the health and well‐being of individuals and societies. Job losses would (...)
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  25.  72
    Irreverent Physicalism.Barbara Gail Montero - 2012 - Philosophical Topics 40 (2):91-102.
    Imagine that our world were such that the entities, properties, laws, and relations of fundamental physics did not determine what goes on at the mental level; imagine that duplicating our fundamental physics would fail to duplicate the pleasures, feelings of joy, and experiences of wonder that we know and love; in other words, imagine that the mental realm did not supervene on the physical realm. Would our world, then, be a world in which physicalism is false? A good number of (...)
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  26.  18
    Transformed Corporate Community Relations: A Management Tool for Achieving Corporate Citizenship 1.Barbara W. Altman - 1999 - Business and Society Review 102-103 (1):43-51.
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  27.  8
    MindWorks: Making scientific concepts come alive.Barbara J. Becker - 2000 - Science & Education 9 (3):269-278.
  28.  16
    The Gap in the Knowledge Argument.Barbara Montero - 2024 - Philosophia 52 (2):235-244.
    Alter (The Matter of Consciousness: From the Knowledge Argument to Russellian Monism, GB: Oxford University Pres, 2023) argues for something surprising: despite being widely rejected by philosophers, including Frank Jackson himself, Jackson’s knowledge argument succeeds. Alter’s defense of Jackson’s argument is not only surprising; it’s also exciting: the knowledge argument, if it’s sound, underscores the power of armchair philosophy, the power of pure thought to arrive at substantial conclusions about the world. In contrast, I aim to make a case for (...)
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  29. The relative importance of local and global structures in music perception.Barbara Tillmann & Emmanuel Bigand - 2004 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 62 (2):211–222.
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  30.  60
    Testimony in seventeenth-century English natural philosophy: legal origins and early development.Barbara J. Shapiro - 2002 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 33 (2):243-263.
    This essay argues that techniques for assessing testimonial credibility were well established in English legal contexts before they appeared in English natural philosophy. ‘Matters of fact’ supported by testimony referred to human actions and events before the concept was applied to natural phenomena. The article surveys English legal views about testimony and argues that the criteria for credible testimony in both legal and scientific venues were not limited to those of gentle status. Natural philosophers became concerned with testimony when they (...)
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  31.  11
    Twelve-month-olds disambiguate new words using mutual-exclusivity inferences.Barbara Pomiechowska, Gábor Bródy, Gergely Csibra & Teodora Gliga - 2021 - Cognition 213 (C):104691.
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  32.  14
    Response: A commentary on: “Neural overlap in processing music and speech”.Barbara Tillmann & Emmanuel Bigand - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  33.  17
    The Neuropsychology of Feature Binding and Conscious Perception.Barbara Treccani - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9:427944.
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  34.  17
    Meaning making in long‐term care: what do certified nursing assistants think?Michelle Gray, Barbara Shadden, Jean Henry, Ro Di Brezzo, Alishia Ferguson & Inza Fort - 2016 - Nursing Inquiry 23 (3):244-252.
    Certified nursing assistants (CNAs) provide up to 80% of the direct care to older adults in long‐term care facilities.CNAs are perceived as being at the bottom of the hierarchy among healthcare professionals often negatively affecting their job satisfaction. However, manyCNAs persevere in providing quality care and even reporting high levels of job satisfaction. The aim of the present investigation was to identify primary themes that may helpCNAs make meaning of their chosen career; thus potentially partially explaining increases in job satisfaction (...)
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  35.  5
    David Hartley and the Association of Ideas.Barbara Bowen Oberg - 1976 - Journal of the History of Ideas 37 (3):441.
  36. "Back to the Future" in Philosophical Dialogue: A Plea for Changing P4C Teacher Education.Barbara Weber & Susan T. Gardner - 2009 - Analytic Teaching and Philosophical Praxis 29 (1).
    While making P4C much more easily disseminated, short-term weekend and weeklong P4C training programs not only dilute the potential laudatory impact of P4C, they can actually be dangerous. As well, lack of worldwide standards precludes the possibility of engaging in sufficiently high quality research of the sort that would allow the collection of empirical data in support the efficacy of worldwide P4C adoption. For all these reasons, the authors suggest that P4C advocates ought to insist that programs of a minimum (...)
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  37. Feminist Perspectives on the Body.Barbara Brook, Gail Weiss, Honi Fern Haber, Jane Arthurs & Jean Grimshaw - 2004 - Hypatia 19 (2):160-169.
  38.  20
    Patient autonomy writ large.Barbara Russell - 2009 - American Journal of Bioethics 9 (2):32 – 34.
  39.  26
    The Sacralization of Memory.Barbara A. Misztal - 2004 - European Journal of Social Theory 7 (1):67-84.
    This article argues that today’s search for identity, in the context of the rise of a new spirituality and the decline of authoritative memories, facilitates the forging of a new connection between soul and memory and enhances the importance of traumatic memories. Consequently, we witness the sacralization of memory which in unsettled times, when memories tend to become fixed and frozen, can undermine intergroup cooperation. The article asserts that an ethical burden, prompted by viewing memory as the surrogate of the (...)
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  40. Social robots-emotional agents: Some remarks on naturalizing man-machine interaction.Barbara Becker - 2006 - International Review of Information Ethics 6:37-45.
    The construction of embodied conversational agents - robots as well as avatars - seem to be a new challenge in the field of both cognitive AI and human-computer-interface development. On the one hand, one aims at gaining new insights in the development of cognition and communication by constructing intelligent, physical instantiated artefacts. On the other hand people are driven by the idea, that humanlike mechanical dialog-partners will have a positive effect on human-machine-communication. In this contribution I put for discussion whether (...)
     
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  41.  6
    Personal Growth, African Style.Barbara Nussbaum - 2010 - Penguin Books. Edited by Sudhanshu Palsule & Velaphi Mkhize.
    "Against a backdrop of global change of every kind, from climate to demography, from national security to international terrorism, it is becoming increasingly evident that we live in a deeply interconnected world. However, our approach to leaders continues to be stuck in an individual-centred mindset that perceives the world from a disconnected and fragmentary perspective. And so it is critical that we make the shift to a new kind of global leadership. Such a leadership would be born out of a (...)
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  42. Rethinking the Rhetorical Situation from within the Thematic of Difference.Biesecker Barbara - 1989 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 22:110-30.
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  43. Social interaction as apprenticeship in thinking: Guided participation in spatial planning.Barbara Rogoff - 1991 - In Lauren Resnick, Levine B., M. John, Stephanie Teasley & D. (eds.), Perspectives on Socially Shared Cognition. American Psychological Association. pp. 349--364.
     
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  44.  18
    Interesting Experiences.Barbara Montero - 2023 - Journal of Philosophical Research 48:253-258.
    Lorraine Besser argues that interesting experiences confer prudential value on those who have them. After summing up what Besser means by this, I question whether interesting experiences always confer such value and whether the experience of the interesting has its own distinctive phenomenal feel. Beyond this, I ponder the contours of Besser’s discussion of how people with Alzheimer’s might experience the interesting, agreeing with her that it seems likely that they can but questioning her suggestion that they may even be (...)
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  45.  10
    Testament for Social Science: An Essay in the Application of Scientific Method to Human Problems.Barbara Wootton - 2016 - Allen & Unwin.
    The contrast between man's amazing ability to manipulate his world and his pitiful incompetence in managing his own affairs is now as commonplace as it is tragic. It is by rigorous devotion to scientific method that we have made our conquests over the material environment; it is obvious that this method is not normally applied to the field of relations of human beings, individual and collective. These are conducted in a quite different way, governed by a medley of primitive impulses (...)
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  46.  12
    Questioning assumptions about culture and individuals.Barbara Rogoff, Pablo Chavajay & Eugene Matusov - 1993 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (3):533-534.
  47. The Crucible of Anorexia Nervosa.Barbara Russell - 2009 - Journal of Ethics in Mental Health 2 (2):5.
    Anorexia nervosa is a very serious condition because of the suffering and loss of life that it causes. However, the wishes of the people directly involved can be strongly opposed. The person with severe AN may not want treatment, yet her family beseeches professionals to unilaterally intervene and clinical teams are divided over the defensibility of involuntary hospitalization and treatment. The metaphor of a crucible is used in this paper to help identify how much is at stake and how much (...)
     
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  48.  50
    The Possibility of a Duty to Love.Barbara P. Solheim - 1999 - Journal of Social Philosophy 30 (1):1-17.
  49.  38
    Just a Spoonful of Sugar: Drug Safety for Pediatric Populations.Barbara A. Noah - 2009 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 37 (2):280-291.
    Children deserve optimal medical care. Although prescription drugs play a prominent and essential role in pediatric health care delivery, health care providers often must make prescribing decisions for their young patients based on imperfect or absent safety and efficacy data for pediatric populations. Until relatively recently, the Food and Drug Administration made surprisingly little effort to improve the quality or quantity of clinical research data for this patient group. Despite recent agency efforts to improve the situation, only one-third of drugs (...)
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  50.  13
    (Germany) Towards a Philosophical Attitude or How to Teach Intellectual Virtues: A Dialogue with Pierre Hadot's.Barbara Weber - 2009 - In Eva Marsal, Takara Dobashi & Barbara Weber (eds.), Children Philosophize Worldwide: Theoretical and Practical Concepts. Peter Lang. pp. 9--387.
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