Results for 'Barbara Hayes'

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  1.  52
    A Cognitive Model of Planning.Barbara Hayes-Roth & Frederick Hayes-Roth - 1979 - Cognitive Science 3 (4):275-310.
    This paper presents a cognitive model of the planning process. The model generalizes the theoretical architecture of the Hearsay‐ll system. Thus, it assumes that planning comprises the activities of a variety of cognitive “specialists.” Each specialist can suggest certain kinds of decisions for incorporation into the plan in progress. These include decisions about: (a) how to approach the planning problem; (b) what knowledge bears on the problem; (c) what kinds of actions to try to plan; (d) what specific actions to (...)
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  2.  16
    A blackboard architecture for control.Barbara Hayes-Roth - 1985 - Artificial Intelligence 26 (3):251-321.
  3.  29
    Evolution of cognitive structures and processes.Barbara Hayes-Roth - 1977 - Psychological Review 84 (3):260-278.
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  4.  59
    Trust and distrust in cpr decisions.Barbara Hayes - 2010 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 7 (1):111-122.
    Trust is essential in human relationships including those within healthcare. Recent studies have raised concerns about patients’ declining levels of trust. This article will explore the role of trust in decision-making about cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). In this research thirty-three senior doctors, junior doctors and division 1 nurses were interviewed about how decisions are made about providing CPR. Analysis of these interviews identified lack of trust as one cause for poor understanding of treatment decisions and lack of acceptance of medical judgement. (...)
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  5.  7
    An architecture for adaptive intelligent systems.Barbara Hayes-Roth - 1995 - Artificial Intelligence 72 (1-2):329-365.
  6.  9
    Configural Effects in Human Memory: The Superiority of Memory over External Information Sources as a Basis for Inference Verification.Barbara Hayes-Roth & Carol Walker - 1979 - Cognitive Science 3 (2):119-140.
    The ability to integrate information from diverse texts and to detect logical implications of the integrated information is fundamental to the understanding process. This paper shows that identifying and configuring relevant facts in order to support hypothesized inferences is extremely difficult unless the facts have been committed to memory. Simply reading relevant texts for familiarization and then referring to them as needed provides an inadequate basis for deductive logic. Further, apprehension of the logical configuration of fads underlying a particular inference (...)
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  7.  18
    Configural effects in human memory: The superiority of memory over external information sources as a basis for inference verification.Barbara Hayes-Roth & Carol Walker - 1979 - Cognitive Science 3 (2):119-139.
    The ability to integrate information from diverse texts and to detect logical implications of the integrated information is fundamental to the understanding process. This paper shows that identifying and configuring relevant facts in order to support hypothesized inferences is extremely difficult unless the facts have been committed to memory. Simply reading relevant texts for familiarization and then referring to them as needed provides an inadequate basis for deductive logic. Further, apprehension of the logical configuration of fads underlying a particular inference (...)
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  8.  7
    Intelligent control.Barbara Hayes-Roth - 1993 - Artificial Intelligence 59 (1-2):213-220.
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  9.  3
    Using action-based hierarchies for real-time diagnosis.David Ash & Barbara Hayes-Roth - 1996 - Artificial Intelligence 88 (1-2):317-347.
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  10.  8
    Understanding Pandemic Solidarity: Mutual Support During the First COVID-19 Lockdown in the United Kingdom.Stephanie Johnson, Stephen Roberts, Sarah Hayes, Amelia Fiske, Federica Lucivero, Stuart McLennan, Amicia Phillips, Gabrielle Samuel & Barbara Prainsack - 2023 - Public Health Ethics 16 (3):245-260.
    Throughout the COVID-19 pandemic, the concept of solidarity has been invoked frequently. Much interest has centred around how citizens and communities support one another during times of uncertainty. Yet, empirical research which accounts and understands citizen’s views on pandemic solidarity, or their actual practices has remained limited. Drawing upon the analysis of data from 35 qualitative interviews, this article investigates how residents in England and Scotland enacted, understood, or criticised (the lack of) solidarity during the first national lockdown in the (...)
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  11.  29
    From personal reflection to social positioning: the development of a transformational model of professional education in midwifery.Diane Phillips, Rod Fawns & Barbara Hayes - 2002 - Nursing Inquiry 9 (4):239-249.
    A transformational model of professional identity formation, anchored and globalized in workplace conversations, is advanced. Whilst the need to theorize the aims and methods of clinical education has been served by the techno-rational platform of ‘reflective practice’, this platform does not provide an adequate psychological tool to explore the dynamics of social episodes in professional learning and this led us to positioning theory. Positioning theory is one such appropriate tool in which individuals metaphorically locate themselves within discursive action in everyday (...)
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  12.  39
    JME referees in 2003.Rebecca Glover, Barbara Applebaum, William F. Arsenio, Joan Goodman, John Gibbs, James Arthur, Dan Hart, Hae-Jeong Baek, Roger Bergman & Richard Hayes - 2004 - Journal of Moral Education 33 (2):231-232.
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  13. On building integrated cognitive agents: a review of Allen Newell's Unified Theories of Cognition. [REVIEW]Barbara Hayes-Roth - 1993 - Artificial Intelligence 59 (1-2):329-341.
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  14.  4
    De lo inmutable en las guerras. Una lectura sobre la violencia hacia el cuerpo del otro.Bárbara Álvarez Rodríguez - 2023 - Pensamiento 79 (303):481-491.
    Si hay una acción, dentro de un contexto bélico, que muestre la magnitud del odio hacia el Otro enemigo es, sin duda, el tratamiento que se da a los cadáveres. En las escenas bélicas de la Ilíada se observa un deseo poderoso de mutilar el cuerpo del enemigo, ya sea con las propias manos o dejándoselo a los perros o aves de rapiña. En la actualidad, hemos sido testigos en más de una ocasión de cómo las redes sociales han sido (...)
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  15.  11
    Nicolas Chuquet, Renaissance Mathematician: A Study with Extensive Translation of Chuquet's Mathematical Manuscript Completed in 1484. Graham Flegg, Cynthia Hay, Barbara Moss.William Eamon - 1986 - Isis 77 (4):690-691.
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  16.  10
    Beauty, Health, and Permanence: Environmental Politics in the United States, 1955-1985Samuel P. Hays Barbara D. Hays.Susan R. Schrepfer - 1989 - Isis 80 (1):191-193.
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  17. Replies.Barbara Vetter - 2020 - Philosophical Inquiries 1 (8):199-222.
    This paper responds to the contributions by Alexander Bird, Nathan Wildman, David Yates, Jennifer McKitrick, Giacomo Giannini & Matthew Tugby, and Jennifer Wang. I react to their comments on my 2015 book Potentiality: From Dispositions to Modality, and in doing so expands on some of the arguments and ideas of the book.
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  18.  87
    Linguistic solutions to philosophical problems: The case of knowing how.Barbara Abbott - 2013 - Philosophical Perspectives 27 (1):1-21.
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  19. The development of formal semantics in linguistic theory.Barbara H. Partee - 1996 - In Shalom Lappin (ed.), The handbook of contemporary semantic theory. Cambridge, Mass., USA: Blackwell Reference. pp. 11--38.
     
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  20. A note on the nature of "water".Barbara Abbott - 1997 - Mind 106 (422):311-319.
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  21.  29
    The Continuum of Inductive Methods.William H. Hay - 1953 - Philosophical Review 62 (3):468.
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  22. Nondescriptionality and natural kind terms.Barbara Abbott - 1989 - Linguistics and Philosophy 12 (3):269 - 291.
    The phrase "natural kind term" has come into the linguistic and philosophical literature in connection with well-known work of Kripke (1972) and Putnam (1970, 1975a). I use that phrase here in the sense it has acquired from those and subseqnent works on related topics. This is not the transparent sense of the phrase. That is, if I am right in what follows there are words for kinds of things existing in nature which are not natural kind terms in the current (...)
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  23. What is the physical.Barbara Montero - 2007 - In Brian P. McLaughlin, Ansgar Beckermann & Sven Walter (eds.), The Oxford handbook of philosophy of mind. New York: Oxford University Press.
     
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  24. The risk society and beyond: critical issues for social theory.Barbara Adam, Ulrich Beck & Joost van Loon (eds.) - 2000 - Thousand Oaks, Calif.: SAGE.
    Ulrich Beck's best selling Risk Society established risk on the sociological agenda. It brought together a wide range of issues centering on environmental, health and personal risk, provided a rallying ground for researchers and activists in a variety of social movements and acted as a reference point for state and local policies in risk management. The Risk Society and Beyond charts the progress of Beck's ideas and traces their evolution. It demonstrates why the issues raised by Beck reverberate widely throughout (...)
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  25.  94
    A Reply to Szabó’s “Descriptions and Uniqueness”.Barbara Abbott - 2003 - Philosophical Studies 113 (3):223 - 231.
    Szabó follows Heim in viewing familiarity, rather than uniqueness, as the essence of the definite article, but attempts to derive both familiarity and uniqueness implications pragmatically, assigning a single semantic interpretation to both the definite and indefinite articles. I argue that if there is no semantic distinction between the articles, then there is no way to derive these differences between them pragmatically.
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  26. A plenitude of powers.Barbara Vetter - 2018 - Synthese 198 (Suppl 6):1365-1385.
    Dispositionalism about modality is the view that metaphysical modality is a matter of the dispositions possessed by actual objects. In a recent paper, David Yates has raised an important worry about the formal adequacy of dispositionalism. This paper responds to Yates’s worry by developing a reply that Yates discusses briefly but dismisses as ad hoc: an appeal to a ’plenitude of powers’ including such powers as the necessarily always manifested power for 2+2\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} (...)
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  27. Getting clear what hope is.Barbara V. Nunn - 2005 - In J. Elliot (ed.), Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Hope. Nova Science Publishers.
     
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  28.  43
    Pirates, privateers and the contract theories of Hobbes and Locke.Peter Hayes - 2008 - History of Political Thought 29 (3):461-484.
    A company of buccaneers invites comparison with states founded on the social contracts of Hobbes and Locke. These companies were formed by an explicit contract, the articles of agreement, and transgressors risked being marooned in a literal state of nature. Buccaneers were relatively powerful and their authority structure and share system was relatively democratic. The role of venture capitalists in organizing buccaneering may explain why parallels with Locke's social contract are particularly striking. Matthew Tindall attempted to exclude pirates and include (...)
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  29. Dispositional accounts of abilities.Barbara Vetter & Romy Jaster - 2017 - Philosophy Compass 12 (8):e12432.
    This paper explores the prospects for dispositional accounts of abilities. According to so-called new dispositionalists, an agent has the ability to Φ iff they have a disposition to Φ when trying to Φ. We show that the new dispositionalism is beset by some problems that also beset its predecessor, the conditional analysis of abilities, and bring up some further problems. We then turn to a different approach, which links abilities not to motivational states but to the notion of success, and (...)
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  30. A feminist redefinition of privatization and economic reform.Barbara E. Hopkins - 1995 - In Edith Kuiper & Jolande Sap (eds.), Out of the margin: feminist perspectives on economics. New York: Routledge. pp. 181.
  31.  45
    Embodied Normativity: Revitalizing Hegel’s Account of the Human Organism.Barbara Merker - 2012 - Critical Horizons 13 (2):154 - 175.
    Against the background of recent developments in neuroscience, the paper shows how, for Hegel, the theoretical, practical and evaluative functions of the mind are grounded in something like a natural normativity, based on the interaction of the body's inner world with the outer world. These forms of organic homeostasis are the basis for further kinds and levels of norms, and deviations from these norms, which result in mental pathologies, provide insights into the complexity of spirit.
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  32. The effect of an ignored or attended abrupt auditory distractor on representational momentum.A. E. Hayes & J. J. Freyd - 2004 - In Robert Schwartz (ed.), Perception. Malden Ma: Blackwell. pp. 120-120.
  33.  7
    Women's consciousness, women's conscience: a reader in feminist ethics.Barbara Hilkert Andolsen, Christine E. Gudorf & Mary D. Pellauer (eds.) - 1985 - San Francisco: Harper & Row.
    Essays discuss the division of household labor, anti-semitism, violence against women, reproductive freedom, parenting, friendship between women, and feminist theology.
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  34.  23
    Le désir et la distance: introduction à une phénoménologie de la perception.Renaud Barbaras - 1999 - Paris: J. Vrin.
    Cette introduction explique la perception, reconnue par Husserl sous le titre de "donation par esquisses". Il s'agit d'opérer une réduction radicale qui va de la critique du néant au monde comme a priori de tout apparaître. A ce monde correspond un sujet dont le sens d'être fait problème puisqu'il est à la fois un moment du monde et en rapport avec la totalité comme telle.
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  35. Bleisch, Barbara (2009). Complicity in harmful action : contributing to world poverty and duties of care. In: Mack, Elke; Schramm, Michael; Klasen, Stephan; Pogge, Thomas. Absolute poverty and global justice : empirical data, moral theories, initiatives.Barbara Bleisch, Elke Mack, Michael Schramm, Stephan Klasen & Thomas Pogge (eds.) - 2009
  36.  11
    Le tournant de l'expérience: recherches sur la philosophie de Merleau-Ponty.Renaud Barbaras - 1998 - Paris: J. Vrin.
    L'oeuvre de Merleau-Ponty est tout entiere commandee par le souci de mettre rigoureusement en oeuvre le mot d'ordre husserlien de retour aux choses memes, ce qui exige, conformement au geste amorce par Husserl dans la Krisis, de reconnaitre l'oeuvre de l'idealisation -c'est-a-dire de l'objectivation- la meme ou elle se fait oublier, afin de la neutraliser. A l'instar de Bergson, pour qui la tache de la philosophie etait d'aller chercher l'experience au-dessus du tournant ou, s'inflechissant dans le sens de l'utilite, elle (...)
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  37.  62
    Justice by lottery.Barbara Goodwin - 1992 - Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    In this imaginative and provocative book, Barbara Goodwin explores the question of how lottery systems can achieve egalitarian social justice in societies with seemingly ineradicable inequalities. She begins with the utopian fable of Aleatoria, a country not unlike our own in the not-too-distant-future, where most goods are distributed by lottery--even the right to have children. She then analyzes the philosophical arguments for and against lottery distribution and a comparison of "justice by lottery" with other contemporary theories of justice. Goodwin (...)
  38. Möglichkeit ohne mögliche Welten.Barbara Vetter - 2022 - Philosophisches Jahrbuch 129 (1):115-137.
  39. Practicing Relativism in the Anthropocene: On Science, belief, and the Humanities.Barbara Herrnstein Smith - 2018 - London UK: Open Humanities Press.
    Contemporary issues involving knowledge and science examined from a constructivist-pragmatist perspective often labeled "relativism." Individual chapters include a review of the difference between constructivist-pragmatist epistemology and "social constructivism;" an examination of recent writings by Bruno Latour; a critique of computational methods in literary studies; a skeptical look at current efforts to "integrate" the humanities and the natural sciences; and reflections on the social dynamics of belief in relation to denials of climate change and to hopes expressed by environmentalists.
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  40.  13
    Belief and resistance: dynamics of contemporary intellectual controversy.Barbara Herrnstein Smith - 1997 - Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
    An extended analysis and account of the psychological/social/cognitive dynamics of intellectual controversy. The immediate focus is the recurrent failure of intellectual engagement, in encounters having to do with with truth, knowledge, language, science, and/or objectivity, between, on the one hand, rationalist-realist-objectivist philosophers and/or those they have instructed and, on the other hand, constructivist-pragmatist ("postmodern") theorists and/or those persuaded by their critiques and/or alternative views. Individual chapters examine critiques and defenses of objectivist-rationalist views in law, politics, literary studies, ethics, communication theory, (...)
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  41. Reference.Barbara Abbott - 2010 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    This book presents the most important problems of reference and considers their solution. It presupposes no technical knowledge, presents analyses from first principles, illustrates every stage with examples, and is written with verve and clarity. This is the ideal introduction to reference for students of linguistics and philosophy of language.
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  42. John Locke and America: the defence of English colonialism.Barbara Arneil - 1996 - New York: Oxford Unioversity Press.
    This book considers the context of the colonial policies of Britain, Locke's contribution to them, and the importance of these ideas in his theory of property. It also reconsiders the debate about John Locke's influence in America. The book argues that Locke's theory of property must be understood in connection with the philosopher's political concerns, as part of his endeavour to justify the colonialist policies of Lord Shaftesbury's cabinet, with which he was personally associated. The author maintains that traditional scholarship (...)
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  43. Unloading the self-refutation charge.Barbara Herrnstein Smith - 1996 - In Roger T. Ames & Wimal Dissanayake (eds.), Self and Deception: A Cross-Cultural Philosophical Enquiry. Albany: SUNY Press.
    A critical examination of the charge of self-refutation, particularly as leveled by orthodoxy-defending philosophers against those maintaining epistemologically unorthodox, especially relativistic or skeptical, views. Beginning with an analysis of its classic illustration in Plato’s *Theaetetus* as leveled against Protagoras’s “Man is the measure ...,” I consider various aspects of the charge, including logical, rhetorical, pedagogic, affective, and cognitive.
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  44. Is female to male as ground is to figure?Barbara Johnson - 1989 - In Richard Feldstein & Judith Roof (eds.), Feminism and psychoanalysis. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press. pp. 255--67.
     
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  45. Scientizing the humanities.Barbara Herrnstein Smith - 2016 - Common Knowledge 22 (3):353-372.
    Advocates of literary Darwinism, cognitive cultural studies, neuroaesthetics, digital humanities, and other such hybrid fields now seek explicitly to make the aims and methods of one or another humanities discipline approximate more closely the aims and methods of science, and at their most visionary, they urge as well the overall integration of the humanities and natural sciences. This essay indicates some major considerations—historical, conceptual, and pragmatic—that may be useful for assessing these efforts and predicting their future. Arguments promoting integration often (...)
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  46.  14
    New media, social capital and transnational migration: Slovaks in the UK.Barbara Lášticová - 2014 - Human Affairs 24 (4):406-422.
    This paper investigates Slovak migrants’ use of new media to build social capital. It draws on data from a pilot study with 36 Slovaks living in the UK, and on content analysis of the main Facebook page for Czechs and Slovaks in the UK. The data suggest that Facebook is used for sharing emotions rather than to build a community and share practical information. While Facebook and Skype are used to maintain preexisting strong ties in the country of origin, face-to-face (...)
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  47.  3
    Natürlichkeit und Künstlichkeit: philosophische Diskussionsgrundlagen zum Problem der Körper-Inszenierung: Tagung der DVS-Sektion Sportphilosophie vom 12.-13.11.1998 in Köln.Barbara Deutsche Vereinigung fèur Sportwissenschaft & Rèansch-Trill (eds.) - 2000 - Hamburg: Czwalina.
    Das menschliche Leben vollzieht sich in der Spannung von "Natürlichkeit und Künstlichkeit". Jede Epoche definiert ihre Lebensvollzüge in dieser Spannung neu. Die Gegenwart verzeichnet in ihrem technisch zivilisierten Ambiente neue Schübe von "Künstlichkeit", denen kompensatorisch neue Ideen von "Natürlichkeit" entgegentreten. Der Sport ist davon zentral betroffen. Diese Tagung versucht, von unterschiedlichen philosophischen Fragestellungen her sich dem Problem der Künstlichkeit unseres gegenwärtigen Lebens (und des Sports) zu nähern und das Postulat der "Natürlichkeit" in seiner regulativen Funktion zu begreifen. Die nun in (...)
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  48. Moral literacy.Barbara Herman - 2007 - New York: Harvard University Press.
    Making room for character -- Pluralism and the community of moral judgment -- A cosmopolitan kingdom of ends --Responsibility and moral competence --Can virtue be taught?: the problem of new moral facts -- Training to autonomy: Kant and the question of moral education -- Bootstrapping -- Rethinking Kant's hedonism -- The scope of moral requirement -- The will and its objects -- Obligatory ends -- Moral improvisation -- Contingency in obligation.
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  49.  8
    Anerkennung oder Abwertung: über die Verarbeitung sozialer Desintegration.Barbara Kaletta - 2008 - Wiesbaden: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften.
    Anerkannt zu werden, ist nicht nur ein menschliches Grundbedurfnis, sondern vermittelt ebenfalls das Gefuhl, in einen sozialen Kontext integriert zu sein.
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  50.  28
    Are Apes and Elephants Persons?Barbara J. King - 2011 - In J. Wentzel Van Huyssteen & Erik P. Wiebe (eds.), In search of self: interdisciplinary perspectives on personhood. Grand Rapids, Mich.: W.B. Eerdmans. pp. 70.
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