Results for 'Barbara Hyams'

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  1. Nancy A. Harrowitz and Barbara Hyams, Eds., Jews and Gender: Responses to Otto Weininger Reviewed By.Steven Burns - 1997 - Philosophy in Review 17 (6):418-420.
     
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  2.  12
    Jews & Gender: Responses to Otto Weininger.Nancy A. Harrowitz & Barbara Hyams (eds.) - 1995 - Temple University Press.
    This collection of essays, many translated into English for the first time, examines Weininger's influence and reception in Western culture, particularly his ...
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  3.  16
    Paul R. Hyams, Rancor and Reconciliation in Medieval England. (Conjunctions of Religion and Power in the Medieval Past.) Ithaca, N.Y., and London: Cornell University Press, 2003. Pp. Xxvii, 344. $45. [REVIEW]Barbara A. Hanawalt - 2006 - Speculum 81 (1):208-209.
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  4.  6
    Book Review: Jews and Gender: Responses to Otto Weininger. [REVIEW]Nancy A. Harrowitz & ed Hyams, Barbara - 1996 - Philosophy and Literature 20 (2).
  5. Compositionality in Formal Semantics: Selected Papers of Barbara Partee.Barbara Hall Partee - 2004 - Blackwell.
     
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  6.  88
    Hypothetical Choice, Egalitarianism and the Separateness of Persons.Keith D. Hyams - 2015 - Utilitas 27 (2):217-239.
    Luck egalitarians claim that disadvantage is worse when it emerges from an unchosen risk than when it emerges from a chosen risk. I argue that disadvantage is also worse when it emerges from an unchosen risk that the disadvantaged agent would have declined to take, had he or she been able to do so, than when it emerges from an unchosen risk that the disadvantaged agent would not have declined to take. Such a view is significant because it allows both (...)
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  7.  21
    When Do Risky Choices Justify Inequality?Keith Hyams - 2017 - Diametros 53:60-74.
    Luck egalitarianism is the view that inequalities are justified when and only when a particular condition is met. Recent years have seen considerable debate about the exact nature of the risky choices thought by luck egalitarians to justify inequality. All positions in the debate emphasise the importance of choice, but they differ in the precise details of how choice features in the inequality-justifying condition. The present paper argues for a novel view about the conditions under which risky choices should justify (...)
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  8.  61
    A Just Response to Climate Change: Personal Carbon Allowances and the Normal-Functioning Approach.Keith Hyams - 2009 - Journal of Social Philosophy 40 (2):237-256.
  9.  86
    When Consent Doesn't Work: A Rights-Based Case for Limits to Consent's Capacity to Legitimise.Keith Hyams - 2011 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 8 (1):110-138.
    Consent's capacity to legitimise actions and claims is limited by conditions such as coercion, which render consent ineffective. A better understanding of the limits to consent's capacity to legitimise can shed light on a variety of applied debates, in political philosophy, bioethics, economics and law. I show that traditional paternalist explanations for limits to consent's capacity to legitimise cannot explain the central intuition that consent is often rendered ineffective when brought about by a rights violation or threatened rights violation. I (...)
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  10.  45
    The Ethics of Carbon Offsetting.Keith Hyams & Tina Fawcett - 2013 - Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change 4 (2):91-98.
    Carbon offsetting can be loosely characterized as a mechanism by which an organization or individual contributes to a scheme that is projected either to remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere or to deliver carbon dioxide emission reductions on the part of other organizations or individuals. An activity that has been offset therefore purports to make no long-term net contribution to atmospheric greenhouse gas concentrations. The ethical basis for using carbon offsetting as an approach to tackling climate change is very much (...)
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  11.  41
    Nozick's Real Argument for the Minimal State.Keith Hyams - 2004 - Journal of Political Philosophy 12 (3):353–364.
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  12. Barbara Katz Roth.Barbara Katz Rothman - forthcoming - Contemporary Issues in Bioethics.
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  13.  37
    Professor Barbara Skarga’s Ceremonial Lecture.Barbara Skarga - 2010 - Dialogue and Universalism 20 (1-2):215-221.
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  14.  29
    Barbara Stoddard Burks.Barbara S. Bosanquet - 1944 - The Eugenics Review 36 (1):25.
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  15.  36
    Barbara Hannan, Review of Cartesian Psychology and Physical Minds: Individualism and the Sciences of the Mind by Robert A. Wilson. [REVIEW]Barbara Hannan - 1997 - Philosophy of Science 64 (3):515-516.
  16.  12
    Barbara Hahn. Making Tobacco Bright: Creating an American Commodity, 1617–1937. X + 236 Pp., Illus., Tables, App., Index. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2011. $60. [REVIEW]Barbara Kimmelman - 2012 - Isis 103 (4):766-767.
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  17.  72
    Potentiality: From Dispositions to Modality.Barbara Vetter - 2015 - Oxford University Press.
    Individual objects have potentials: paper has the potential to burn, an acorn has the potential to turn into a tree, some people have the potential to run a mile in less than four minutes. Barbara Vetter provides a systematic investigation into the metaphysics of such potentials, and an account of metaphysical modality based on them. -/- In contemporary philosophy, potentials have been recognized mostly in the form of so-called dispositions: solubility, fragility, and so on. Vetter takes dispositions as her (...)
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  18.  3
    Edward Hyams: Ecology and Politics 'Under the Vine'.Mick Smith - 2011 - Environmental Values 20 (1):95-119.
    This paper offers an assessment of the agricultural eco-politics of Edward Hyams, novelist, gardener, historian, broadcaster and anarchist. It focuses in particular on his collaboration with the conservative writer on rural England, and founding member of the Soil Association, H.J. Massingham which resulted in a book, Prophecy of Famine — a fundamental critique of the effects of industrial capitalism on farming and a call for agricultural self-sufficiency and soil conservation. This collaboration between two writers with very different political views (...)
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  19. Thought in Action: Expertise and the Conscious Mind.Barbara Gail Montero - 2016 - Oxford University Press UK.
    How does thinking affect doing? There is a widely held view that thinking about what you are doing, as you are doing it, hinders performance. Once you have acquired the ability to putt a golf ball, play an arpeggio on the piano, or parallel-park, reflecting on your actions leads to inaccuracies, blunders, and sometimes even utter paralysis--that's what is widely believed. But is it true? After exploring some of the contemporary and historical manifestations of the idea, Barbara Gail Montero (...)
     
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  20.  16
    Charitable Hospital Accountability: A Review and Analysis of Legal and Policy Initiatives.Alice A. Noble, Andrew L. Hyams & Nancy M. Kane - 1998 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 26 (2):116-137.
    Hospitals long ago shed their role as alms houses for the poor. What vestiges remain of the early American hospital are the tax-exempt, nonprofit hospital form and a general perception that hospitals, as charitable institutions, owe a duty to their communities. The appropriateness of the nonprofit hospital tax exemption has long been debated, and many theories have been advanced to justify the tax exemption of nonprofit hospitals. In a growing number of jurisdictions, however, state and local authorities have gone beyond (...)
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  21.  16
    C. Warren Hollister, Henry I. Edited and Completed by Amanda Clark Frost. New Haven, Conn., and London: Yale University Press, 2001. Pp. Xx, 554 Plus 21 Black-and-White Figures; Tables and 1 Map. $39.95. [REVIEW]Paul R. Hyams - 2004 - Speculum 79 (1):208-210.
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  22. Due Process Versus the Maintenance of Order in European Law: The Contribution of the Ius Commune.Paul Hyams & Peter Coss - 2000 - In Peter R. Coss (ed.), The Moral World of the Law. Cambridge University Press. pp. 62.
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  23.  9
    Early Emergence of Linguistic Knowledge: How Early?Nina Hyams - 1991 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 14 (4):623-624.
  24.  13
    Equality, Responsibility, and the Balance of Interests.Keith Hyams - 2013 - Journal of Social Philosophy 44 (4):392-401.
  25.  3
    First Person: Ruminations on a Career in British Bookselling, 1949–1988.John Hyams - 2008 - Logos 19 (2):77-83.
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  26.  25
    Henry IC. Warren Hollister Amanda Clark Frost.Paul R. Hyams - 2004 - Speculum 79 (1):208-210.
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  27.  2
    Introduction.Keith Hyams - 2013 - Journal of Social Philosophy 44 (4):313-315.
  28.  59
    On the Contribution of Ex Ante Equality to Ex Post Fairness.Keith D. Hyams - unknown
    When distributing an indivisible harm or benefit between multiple individuals, all of whom have an equal claim to avoid the harm or receive the benefit, it is commonly thought that one should hold a lottery in order to give each claimant an equal chance of winning. Moreover, it is often said that, by holding a lottery, one makes the resultant outcome inequality between those who receive the harm or benefit and those who do not less unfair than it would otherwise (...)
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  29. Political Authority and Obligation.Keith Hyams - 2008 - In Catriona McKinnon (ed.), Issues in Political Theory. Oxford University Press.
     
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  30.  9
    Patricia Skinner, Ed., Jews in Medieval Britain: Historical, Literary and Archaeological Perspectives. Woodbridge, UK, and Rochester, NY: Boydell Press, 2012. Paper. Pp. X, 175. $34.95. ISBN: 978-1-84383-733-6. [REVIEW]Paul Hyams - 2015 - Speculum 90 (4):1166-1167.
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  31.  41
    Rights, Exploitation, and Third-Party Harms: Why Background Injustice Matters to Consensual Exchange.Keith Hyams - 2012 - Journal of Social Philosophy 43 (2):113-124.
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  32.  20
    Risk, Responsibility, and Choice.Keith Hyams - 2019 - Social Theory and Practice 45 (1):21-41.
    Choice-based conceptions of substantive responsibility face a number of powerful counterexamples. In order to avoid some of these counterexamples, it is widely claimed that agents are substantively responsible for disadvantage arising from their choices only when the option set from which they chose satisfied a reasonability criterion. I examine three possible justifications for a reasonability criterion: an agent-responsibility-based motivation, a voluntariness-based motivation, and what I call a ‘denied-claim’-based motivation. In each case, I argue that the putative motivation cannot in fact (...)
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  33.  15
    The Peasant Land Market in Medieval England. P. D. A. Harvey.Paul Hyams - 1987 - Speculum 62 (3):690-692.
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  34.  22
    Charitable Hospital Accountability: A Review and Analysis of Legal and Policy Initiatives.Alice A. Noble, Andrew L. Hyams & Nancy M. Kane - 1998 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 26 (2):116-137.
    Hospitals long ago shed their role as alms houses for the poor. What vestiges remain of the early American hospital are the tax-exempt, nonprofit hospital form and a general perception that hospitals, as charitable institutions, owe a duty to their communities. The appropriateness of the nonprofit hospital tax exemption has long been debated, and many theories have been advanced to justify the tax exemption of nonprofit hospitals. In a growing number of jurisdictions, however, state and local authorities have gone beyond (...)
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  35. Dispositions Without Conditionals.Barbara Vetter - 2014 - Mind 123 (489):129-156.
    Dispositions are modal properties. The standard conception of dispositions holds that each disposition is individuated by its stimulus condition(s) and its manifestation(s), and that their modality is best captured by some conditional construction that relates stimulus to manifestation as antecedent to consequent. I propose an alternative conception of dispositions: each disposition is individuated by its manifestation alone, and its modality is closest to that of possibility — a fragile vase, for instance, is one that can break easily. The view is (...)
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  36. Multi‐Track Dispositions.Barbara Vetter - 2013 - Philosophical Quarterly 63 (251):330-352.
    It is a familiar point that many ordinary dispositions are multi-track, that is, not fully and adequately characterisable by a single conditional. In this paper, I argue that both the extent and the implications of this point have been severely underestimated. First, I provide new arguments to show that every disposition whose stimulus condition is a determinable quantity must be infinitely multi-track. Secondly, I argue that this result should incline us to move away from the standard assumption that dispositions are (...)
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  37. On the Value of Acting From the Motive of Duty.Barbara Herman - 1981 - Philosophical Review 90 (3):359-382.
    Richard Henson attempts to take the sting out of this view of Kant on moral worth by arguing (i) that attending to the phenomenon of the overdetermination of actions leads one to see that Kant might have had two distinct views of moral worth, only one of which requires the absence of cooperating inclinations, and (ii) that when Kant insists that there is moral worth only when an action is done from the motive of duty alone, he need not also (...)
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  38.  72
    Reference.Barbara Abbott - 2010 - Oxford University Press.
    This book introduces the most important problems of reference and considers the solutions that have been proposed to explain them. Reference is at the centre of debate among linguists and philosophers and, as Barbara Abbott shows, this has been the case for centuries. She begins by examining the basic issue of how far reference is a two place (words-world) or a three place (speakers-words-world) relation. She then discusses the main aspects of the field and the issues associated with them, (...)
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  39.  15
    Hannah Arendt—Complete Works, Critical Edition in Digital and Print: An Interview with Barbara Hahn, James McFarland, and Thomas Wild.Barbara Hahn, James McFarland & Thomas Wild - 2019 - Arendt Studies 3:9-14.
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  40.  40
    A Cosmopolitan in the Provinces: G. M. Galanti, Geography, and Enlightenment Europe*: Barbara Naddeo.Barbara Naddeo - 2013 - Modern Intellectual History 10 (1):1-26.
    This essay reconstructs the career of the 18th-cetnury Neapolitan publicist Giuseppe Maria Galanti, who championed the genre of anthropological geography in the Kingdom of Naples. Although little attention has been paid to Galanti by the English-language historiography, the person and work of the Neapolitan publicist has loomed large in Italian studies on the Enlightenment. In landmark Italian studies, Galanti has been hailed as a clear-sighted reformer committed to the improvement of socioeconomic conditions within the Kingdom. Likewise, the geographical literature he (...)
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  41. His, Unity, Injury: Hegel E Hoelderlin by Barbara Santini.Barbara Santini - 2007 - Verifiche: Rivista Trimestrale di Scienze Umane 36 (1-4):245-262.
     
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  42.  29
    Bibliography for the Texts by Barbara Skarga.Barbara Skarga - 2010 - Dialogue and Universalism 20 (1-2):223-224.
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  43. Williamsonian Modal Epistemology, Possibility-Based.Barbara Vetter - 2016 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 46 (4-5):766-795.
    Williamsonian modal epistemology is characterized by two commitments: realism about modality, and anti-exceptionalism about our modal knowledge. Williamson’s own counterfactual-based modal epistemology is the best known implementation of WME, but not the only option that is available. I sketch and defend an alternative implementation which takes our knowledge of metaphysical modality to arise, not from knowledge of counterfactuals, but from our knowledge of ordinary possibility statements of the form ‘x can F’. I defend this view against a criticism indicated in (...)
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  44.  95
    Can Business Ethics Be Trained? A Study of the Ethical Decision-Making Process in Business Students.Barbara A. Ritter - 2006 - Journal of Business Ethics 68 (2):153-164.
    The purpose of this paper is to examine the various guidelines presented in the literature for instituting an ethics curriculum and to empirically study their effectiveness. Three questions are addressed concerning the trainability of ethics material and the proper integration and implementation of an ethics curriculum. An empirical study then tested the effect of ethics training on moral awareness and reasoning. The sample consisted of two business classes, one exposed to additional ethics curriculum (experimental), and one not exposed (control). For (...)
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  45. Words and the Mind: How Words Capture Human Experience.Barbara Malt & Phillip Wolff (eds.) - 2010 - Oxford University Press USA.
    The study of word meanings promises important insights into the nature of the human mind by revealing what people find to be most cognitively significant in their experience. However, as we learn more about the semantics of various languages, we are faced with an interesting problem. Different languages seem to be telling us different stories about the mind. For example, important distinctions made in one language are not necessarily made in others. What are we to make of these cross-linguistic differences? (...)
     
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  46.  32
    Google Control. Ein Gespräch mit Barbara Cassin.Barbara Cassin - 2015 - Zeitschrift für Medien- Und Kulturforschung 2015 (2):161-170.
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  47. Women Look at Biology Looking at Women a Collection of Feminist Critiques; Edited by Ruth Hubbard, Mary Sue Henifin, and Barbara Fried, with the Collaboration of Vicki Druss and Susan Leigh Star. --.Barbara Fried, Ruth Hubbard & Mary Sue Henifin - 1979 - G.K. Hall.
  48.  71
    To Choose or Not to Choose: Locke and Lowe On the Nature and Powers of the Self: Barbara Hannan.Barbara Hannan - 2011 - Philosophy 86 (1):59-73.
    I compare Locke's views on the nature and powers of the self with E. J. Lowe's view, ‘non-Cartesian substance dualism’. Lowe agrees with Locke that persons have a power to choose or not to choose. Lowe takes this power to be non-causal. I argue that this move does not obviously succeed in evading the notorious interaction problem that arises for all forms of substance dualism, including those of Locke and Descartes. However, I am sympathetic to Lowe's attempt to give a (...)
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  49.  13
    Artificial Intelligence: The Very Idea.Barbara Von Eckardt - 1988 - Philosophical Review 97 (2):286.
  50. Are Abilities Dispositions?Barbara Vetter - forthcoming - Synthese 196 (1).
    Abilities are in many ways central to what being an agent means, and they are appealed to in philosophical accounts of a great many different phenomena. It is often assumed that abilities are some kind of dispositional property, but it is rarely made explicit exactly which dispositional properties are our abilities. Two recent debates provide two different answers to that question: the new dispositionalism in the debate about free will, and virtue reliabilism in epistemology. This paper argues that both answers (...)
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