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  1.  85
    Positive emotions broaden the scope of attention and thought‐action repertoires.Barbara L. Fredrickson & Christine Branigan - 2005 - Cognition and Emotion 19 (3):313-332.
    The broaden‐and‐build theory (CitationFredrickson, 1998, Citation2001) hypothesises that positive emotions broaden the scope of attention and thought‐action repertoires. Two experiments with 104 college students tested these hypotheses. In each, participants viewed a film that elicited (a) amusement, (b) contentment, (c) neutrality, (d) anger, or (e) anxiety. Scope of attention was assessed using a global‐local visual processing task (Experiment 1) and thought‐action repertoires were assessed using a Twenty Statements Test (Experiment 2). Compared to a neutral state, positive emotions broadened the scope (...)
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  2. The broaden-and-build theory of positive emotions.Barbara L. Fredrickson - 2005 - In Felicia A. Huppert, Nick Baylis & Barry Keverne (eds.), The Science of Well-Being. Oxford University Press.
  3.  34
    Extracting meaning from past affective experiences: The importance of peaks, ends, and specific emotions.Barbara L. Fredrickson - 2000 - Cognition and Emotion 14 (4):577-606.
    This article reviews existing empirical research on the peak-and-end rule. This rule states that people's global evaluations of past affective episodes can be well predicted by the affect experienced during just two moments: the moment of peak affect intensity and the ending. One consequence of the peak-and-end rule is that the duration of affective episodes is largely neglected. Evidence supporting the peak-and-end rule is robust, but qualified. New directions for future work in this emerging area of study are outlined. In (...)
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  4.  9
    Self-transcendent positive emotions increase spirituality through basic world assumptions.Patty Van Cappellen, Vassilis Saroglou, Caroline Iweins, Maria Piovesana & Barbara L. Fredrickson - 2013 - Cognition and Emotion 27 (8):1378-1394.
    Spirituality has mostly been studied in psychology as implied in the process of overcoming adversity, being triggered by negative experiences, and providing positive outcomes. By reversing this pathway, we investigated whether spirituality may also be triggered by self-transcendent positive emotions, which are elicited by stimuli appraised as demonstrating higher good and beauty. In two studies, elevation and/or admiration were induced using different methods. These emotions were compared to two control groups, a neutral state and a positive emotion (mirth). Self-transcendent positive (...)
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  5.  23
    Smile to see the forest: Facially expressed positive emotions broaden cognition.Kareem J. Johnson, Christian E. Waugh & Barbara L. Fredrickson - 2010 - Cognition and Emotion 24 (2):299-321.
  6.  2
    Positive emotions broaden the scope of attention and thought‐action repertoires.Barbara L. Fredrickson & Christine Branigan - 2005 - Cognition and Emotion 19 (3):313-332.
    The broaden‐and‐build theory (CitationFredrickson, 1998, Citation2001) hypothesises that positive emotions broaden the scope of attention and thought‐action repertoires. Two experiments with 104 college students tested these hypotheses. In each, participants viewed a film that elicited (a) amusement, (b) contentment, (c) neutrality, (d) anger, or (e) anxiety. Scope of attention was assessed using a global‐local visual processing task (Experiment 1) and thought‐action repertoires were assessed using a Twenty Statements Test (Experiment 2). Compared to a neutral state, positive emotions broadened the scope (...)
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  7.  72
    Re-examining hope: The roles of agency thinking and pathways thinking.Eddie Mw Tong, Barbara L. Fredrickson, Weining Chang & Zi Xing Lim - 2010 - Cognition and Emotion 24 (7):1207-1215.
  8.  3
    No Peace for the Wicked? Immorality Is Thought to Disrupt Intrapersonal Harmony, Impeding Positive Psychological States and Happiness.Michael M. Prinzing & Barbara L. Fredrickson - 2023 - Cognitive Science 47 (11):e13371.
    Why do people think that someone living a morally bad life is less happy than someone living a good life? One possibility is that judging whether someone is happy involves not only attributing positive psychological states (i.e., lots of pleasant emotions, few unpleasant emotions, and satisfaction with life) but also forming an evaluative judgment. Another possibility is that moral considerations affect happiness attributions because they tacitly influence attributions of positive psychological states. In two studies, we found strong support for the (...)
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  9.  8
    Bodily feedback: expansive and upward posture facilitates the experience of positive affect.Patty Van Cappellen, Kevin L. Ladd, Stephanie Cassidy, Megan E. Edwards & Barbara L. Fredrickson - 2022 - Cognition and Emotion 36 (7):1327-1342.
    Most emotion theories recognise the importance of the body in expressing and constructing emotions. Focusing beyond the face, the present research adds needed empirical data on the effect of static full body postures on positive/negative affect. In Studies 1 (N = 110) and 2 (N = 79), using a bodily feedback paradigm, we manipulated postures to test causal effects on affective and physiological responses to emotionally ambiguous music. Across both studies among U.S. participants, we find the strongest support for an (...)
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