Results for 'Barbara Pierscionek'

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  1.  59
    What is presumed when we presume consent?Barbara K. Pierscionek - 2008 - BMC Medical Ethics 9 (1):8.
    The organ donor shortfall in the UK has prompted calls to introduce legislation to allow for presumed consent: if there is no explicit objection to donation of an organ, consent should be presumed. The current debate has not taken in account accepted meanings of presumption in law and science and the consequences for rights of ownership that would arise should presumed consent become law. In addition, arguments revolve around the rights of the competent autonomous adult but do not always consider (...)
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  2.  26
    A critique of the regulation of data science in healthcare research in the European Union.John M. M. Rumbold & Barbara K. Pierscionek - 2017 - BMC Medical Ethics 18 (1):27.
    The EU offers a suitable milieu for the comparison and harmonisation of healthcare across different languages, cultures, and jurisdictions, which could provide improvements in healthcare standards across the bloc. There are specific ethico-legal issues with the use of data in healthcare research that mandate a different approach from other forms of research. The use of healthcare data over a long period of time is similar to the use of tissue in biobanks. There is a low risk to subjects but it (...)
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  3. Position paper on ethical, legal and social challenges linked to audio- and video-based AAL solutions.Alin Ake-Kob, Slavisa Aleksic, Zoltán Alexin, Aurelija Blaževičiene, Anto Čartolovni, Liane Colonna, Carina Dantas, Anton Fedosov, Eduard Fosch-Villaronga, Francisco Florez-Revuelta, Zhicheng He, Aleksandar Jevremović, Andrzej Klimczuk, Maksymilian Kuźmicz, Lambros Lambrinos, Christoph Lutz, Anamaria Malešević, Renata Mekovec, Cristina Miguel, Tamar Mujirishvili, Zada Pajalic, Rodrigo Perez Vega, Barbara Pierscionek, Siddharth Ravi, Pika Sarf, Agusti Solanas & Aurelia Tamo-Larrieux - 2022 - Https://Goodbrother.Eu/.
    In this position paper, we have used Alan Cooper’s persona technique to illustrate the utility of audio- and video-based AAL technologies. Therefore, two primary examples of potential audio- and video-based AAL users, Anna and Irakli, serve as reference points for describing salient ethical, legal and social challenges related to use of AAL. These challenges are presented on three levels: individual, societal, and regulatory. For each challenge, a set of policy recommendations is suggested.
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  4. State of the Art on Ethical, Legal, and Social Issues Linked to Audio- and Video-Based AAL Solutions.Alin Ake-Kob, Aurelija Blazeviciene, Liane Colonna, Anto Cartolovni, Carina Dantas, Anton Fedosov, Francisco Florez-Revuelta, Eduard Fosch-Villaronga, Zhicheng He, Andrzej Klimczuk, Maksymilian Kuźmicz, Adrienn Lukacs, Christoph Lutz, Renata Mekovec, Cristina Miguel, Emilio Mordini, Zada Pajalic, Barbara Krystyna Pierscionek, Maria Jose Santofimia Romero, Albert AliSalah, Andrzej Sobecki, Agusti Solanas & Aurelia Tamo-Larrieux - 2021 - Alicante: University of Alicante.
    Ambient assisted living technologies are increasingly presented and sold as essential smart additions to daily life and home environments that will radically transform the healthcare and wellness markets of the future. An ethical approach and a thorough understanding of all ethics in surveillance/monitoring architectures are therefore pressing. AAL poses many ethical challenges raising questions that will affect immediate acceptance and long-term usage. Furthermore, ethical issues emerge from social inequalities and their potential exacerbation by AAL, accentuating the existing access gap between (...)
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  5.  5
    Duchy polityczne i duchy w polityce.Barbara Anna Markiewicz - 2020 - Civitas. Studia Z Filozofii Polityki 23:17-33.
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  6.  6
    Etyka gościnności / gościnność etyki.Barbara Markowska - 2020 - Civitas. Studia Z Filozofii Polityki 19:13-26.
    This article contains an analysis of the concept of hospitality as defined in the thinking of Jacques Derrida, who applies the concept of an unsolvable aporia. Thinking about the ethics of hospitality takes place between the right hospitality described by Kant, and the decision to open up to the Other, revealing the infinite hospitality of ethics. Questions posed by Derrida result from a combination of two different traditions of thought: first, how to reconcile Kantian universal law with the particularity of (...)
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  7.  71
    The Practice of Moral Judgment.Barbara Herman - 1985 - Journal of Philosophy 82 (8):414.
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  8. Az elektronikus prevenció lehetőségei az új (szintetikus) drogok használatának megelőzésében: a Rekreációs Drogok Európai Hálózatának (Recreational Drugs European Network ….Zsolt Demetrovics, Barbara Mervo, Ornella Corazza, Zoe Davey, Paolo Deluca, Colin Drummond, A. Enea, Jacek Moskalewicz, G. Di Melchiorre, L. Di Furia, Magí Farré, Liv Flesland, Luciano Floridi, Fruzsina Iszáj, N. Scherbaum, Holger Siemann, Arvid Skutle, Marta Torrens, M. Pasinetti, Cinzia Pezzolesi, Agnieszka Pisarska, Harry Shapiro, Elias Sferrazza, Peer Van der Kreeft & F. Schifano - 2010 - Addictologia Hungarica 1:289–297.
    Recreational Drugs European Network (ReDNet) project aims to use the Psychonaut Web Mapping Project database (Psychonaut Web Mapping Group, 2009) containing novel psychoactive compounds usually not mentioned in the scientific literature and thus unknown to clinicians as a unique source of information. The database will be used to develop an integrated ICT prevention approach targeted at vulnerable individuals and focused on novel synthetic and herbal compounds and combinations. Particular care will be taken in keeping the health professionals working directly with (...)
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  9. Nominal and temporal anaphora.Barbara H. Partee - 1984 - Linguistics and Philosophy 7 (3):243--286.
  10. The Scope of Moral Requirement.Barbara Herman - 2001 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 30 (3):227-256.
  11.  38
    How counting represents number: What children must learn and when they learn it.Barbara W. Sarnecka & Susan Carey - 2008 - Cognition 108 (3):662-674.
  12.  4
    Integrating The Two Literacies: Humanities in The Engineering Curriculum.Ronald L. Miller & Barbara M. Olds - 1987 - Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society 7 (5-6):875-882.
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  13. Could it be Worth Thinking about Kant on Sex and Marriage?Barbara Herman - 1993 - In Louise M. Antony & Charlotte Witt (eds.), A Mind of One’s Own: Feminist Essays on Reason and Objectivity. Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press. pp. 49-68.
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  14. Solidarity.Katharina Kieslich & Barbara Prainsack - 2021 - In Graeme T. Laurie (ed.), The Cambridge handbook of health research regulation. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.
     
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  15.  34
    Functional Explanations in Sociobiology.Barbara L. Horan - 1989 - Biology and Philosophy 4 (2):131.
    In this essay I defend functional explanations in sociobiology against the charge that they are exercises in speculative story-telling. I distinguish proximate and ultimate biological functions, and discuss their role in functional explanations. I characterize functional explanations as a kind of "consequence explanation", and argue that sociobiologists need to justify a "functional fact" in addition to a "consequence law". Two methods used to supply evidence for functional hypotheses, the technique of optimality analyses and the comparative method, are discussed and illustrated (...)
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  16. Being Helped and Being Grateful: Imperfect Duties, the Ethics of Possession, and the Unity of Morality.Barbara Herman - 2012 - Journal of Philosophy 109 (5-6):391-411.
  17.  98
    Opacity, coreference, and pronouns.Barbara Hall Partee - 1970 - Synthese 21 (3-4):359 - 385.
    The problem discussed here is to find a basis for a uniform treatment of the relation between pronouns and their antecedents, taking into account both linguists' and philosophers' approaches. The two main candidates would appear to be the linguists' notion of coreference and the philosophers' notion of pronouns as variables. The notion of coreference can be extended to many but not all cases where the antecedent is non-referential. The pronouns-as-variables approach appears to come closer to full generality, but there are (...)
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  18. Antirepresentationalism Before and After Rorty.Barbara Herrnstein Smith - 2022 - Common Knowledge 28 (3):424-442.
    Richard Rorty's rejection of prevailing interior-mirror understandings of the presumed relationship between “minds” and “nature,” along with his promotion of nonrepresentational accounts of knowledge, truth, and science, participates in a rich tradition of jointly pragmatist and constructivist views that spans the twentieth century. This contribution to the symposium “Whatever Happened to Richard Rorty?” considers Rorty's complex and ambivalent relation to that tradition, particularly to the work of his American pragmatist predecessors, William James and John Dewey, and to subsequent pragmatist-constructivist antirepresentationalism (...)
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  19.  51
    The Idea of an Exact Number: Children's Understanding of Cardinality and Equinumerosity.Barbara W. Sarnecka & Charles E. Wright - 2013 - Cognitive Science 37 (8):1493-1506.
    Understanding what numbers are means knowing several things. It means knowing how counting relates to numbers (called the cardinal principle or cardinality); it means knowing that each number is generated by adding one to the previous number (called the successor function or succession), and it means knowing that all and only sets whose members can be placed in one-to-one correspondence have the same number of items (called exact equality or equinumerosity). A previous study (Sarnecka & Carey, 2008) linked children's understanding (...)
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  20.  27
    Meditation-related activations are modulated by the practices needed to obtain it and by the expertise: an ALE meta-analysis study.Barbara Tomasino, Sara Fregona, Miran Skrap & Franco Fabbro - 2012 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.
  21.  39
    Category essence or essentially pragmatic? Creator’s intention in naming and what’s really what.Barbara C. Malt & Steven A. Sloman - 2007 - Cognition 105 (3):615-648.
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  22.  16
    What are Clinician Scientists Expected to do? The Undefined Space for Professionalizable Work in Translational Biomedicine.Barbara Hendriks, Arno Simons & Martin Reinhart - 2019 - Minerva 57 (2):219-237.
    Clinician scientists have gained institutional support in the era of translational research, as the key solution to closing the ‘translational gap’ between biomedical research and medical practice. However, clinician scientists remain an ‘endangered species’ in search of a secure niche, while new grants and training programs attempt to counteract their measurable decline in numbers over the past decades. Our study asks how an occupational space for clinician scientists is currently situated between the politics of translation, professional dynamics, and the specialization (...)
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  23.  14
    Intellectual Property and Agricultural Science and Innovation in Germany and the United States.Leland L. Glenna & Barbara Brandl - 2017 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 42 (4):622-656.
    In the 1950s and 1960s, prominent institutional economists in the United States offered what became the orthodox theory on the obstacles to commercializing scientific knowledge. According to this theory, scientific knowledge has inherent qualities that make it a public good. Since the 1970s, however, neoliberalism has emphasized the need to convert public goods to private goods to enhance economic growth, and this theory has had global impacts on policies governing the generation and diffusion of scientific research and innovation. We critique (...)
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  24.  50
    Quantificational structures and compositionality.Barbara H. Partee - 1995 - In Emmon W. Bach, Eloise Jelinek, Angelika Kratzer & Barbara H. Partee (eds.), Quantification in Natural Languages. Dordrecht, Netherland: Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 541--601.
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  25. Formal Semantics: Origins, Issues, Early Impact.Barbara H. Partee - 2010 - The Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication 6 (1).
    Formal semantics is an approach to SEMANTICS1, the study of meaning, with roots in logic, the philosophy of language, and linguistics, and since the 1980’s a core area of linguistic theory. Characteristics of formal semantics to be treated in this article include the following: Formal semanticists treat meaning as mind-independent (though abstract), contrasting with the view of meanings as concepts “in the head” (see I-LANGUAGE AND E-LANGUAGE and MEANING EXTERNALISM AND INTERNALISM); formal semanticists distinguish semantics from knowledge of semantics (Lewis (...)
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  26.  33
    At the Mercy of Strategies: The Role of Motor Representations in Language Understanding.Barbara Tomasino & Raffaella Ida Rumiati - 2013 - Frontiers in Psychology 4.
  27. Forever Functional: Sexual Fitness and the Ageing Male Body.Barbara L. Marshall & Stephen Katz - 2002 - Body and Society 8 (4):43-70.
    Historically, male sexual fitness was framed by a patriarchal politics of life centred on regeneration, population and nation. In the later 20th century, as successful ageing became promoted by the lifestyle practices of an idealized healthy and active senior citizenry, traditional gerontocratic power over the sexual risks of youth gave way to a medical sexology concerned with sexual functionality across the lifecourse; in particular, erectility. Recently, erectile dysfunction has expanded to become a population-wide health problem with increasingly refined diagnoses based (...)
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  28.  8
    Diderot, lecteur de Montaigne.Barbara de Negroni - 2023 - Cahiers Philosophiques 174 (3):82-97.
    Tout au long des Essais, Montaigne analyse les manières de cultiver et de soigner le corps. Cette attention portée au corps s’oppose aussi bien à une position chrétienne qui méprise le corps et cherche à le mortifier, qu’à une position stoïcienne qui dédaigne le corps. Il faut au contraire pour Montaigne éduquer le corps, l’exercer et l’endurcir. Ce soin du corps est d’autant plus essentiel qu’il permet également de développer l’esprit : il est important de renouer constamment la relation de (...)
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  29.  17
    Ethics in Robotics and Intelligent Machines.Fiorella Battaglia, Barbara Henry & Alberto Pirni - 2023 - Humana Mente 16 (44).
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  30.  37
    Thinking in action.Barbara Tversky & Angela Kessell - 2014 - Pragmatics and Cognition 22 (2):206-223.
    When thought overwhelms the mind, the mind uses the body and the world. Several studies reveal ways that people alone or together use gesture and marks on paper to structure and augment their thought for comprehension, inference, and discovery. The studies show that the mapping of thought to gesture or the page is more direct than the arbitrary mapping to language and suggest that these forms of visual/spatial/action representation are used to “translate” language into mental representations. It is argued that (...)
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  31.  19
    Family firm status and environmental disclosure: The moderating effect of board gender diversity.Barbara Maggi, Rafaela Gjergji, Luigi Vena, Salvatore Sciascia & Alessandro Cortesi - 2023 - Business Ethics, the Environment and Responsibility 32 (4):1334-1351.
    Building on agency and resource-based view theories, this study investigates the level of environmental disclosure (ED) practices of family versus non-family firms and explores the moderating role of board gender diversity. We test our hypotheses on a 3-year (2018–2020) panel data sample comprising 324 observations of Italian small- and medium-sized enterprises traded on the Euronext Growth Milan. Findings show that, compared to non-family firms, companies with a family firm status are characterized by lower levels of ED. Gender diversity on the (...)
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  32.  17
    Rescuing Womanly Virtues: Some Dangers of Moral Reclamation.Barbara Houston - 1987 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 17 (sup1):237-262.
    Kathryn Morgan has introduced us to a typology of ‘the ways in which women’s moral voice and her sense of moral integrity are twisted and destroyed by patriarchal ideology and lived experience.’ She claims that this experience can induce in women ‘a sense of confusion and genuine moral madness.’I am in agreement with much of what Morgan says. However, I suspect that some others might find her case less convincing than I for the reason that she supports her claims by (...)
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  33. Formal Semantics: Origins, Issues, Early Impact.Barbara H. Partee - 2011 - The Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication 6:13.
    Formal semantics and pragmatics as they have developed since the late 1960's have been shaped by fruitful interdisciplinary collaboration among linguists, philosophers, and logicians, among others, and in turn have had noticeable effects on developments in syntax, philosophy of language, computational linguistics, and cognitive science.In this paper I describe the environment in which formal semantics was born and took root, highlighting the differences in ways of thinking about natural language semantics in linguistics and in philosophy and logic. With Montague as (...)
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  34.  26
    Thinking in action.Barbara Tversky & Angela Kessell - 2014 - Pragmatics and Cognition 22 (2):206-223.
    When thought overwhelms the mind, the mind uses the body and the world. Several studies reveal ways that people alone or together use gesture and marks on paper to structure and augment their thought for comprehension, inference, and discovery. The studies show that the mapping of thought to gesture or the page is more direct than the arbitrary mapping to language and suggest that these forms of visual/spatial/action representation are used to “translate” language into mental representations. It is argued that (...)
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  35.  53
    Until RCT proven? On the asymmetry of evidence requirements for risk assessment.Barbara Osimani - 2013 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 19 (3):454-462.
    The problem of collecting, analyzing and evaluating evidence on adverse drug reactions (ADRs) is an example of the more general class of epistemological problems related to scientific inference and prediction, as well as a central problem of the health-care practice. Philosophical discussions have critically analysed the methodological pitfalls and epistemological implications of evidence assessment in medicine, however they have mainly focused on evidence of treatment efficacy. Most of this work is devoted to statistical methods of causal inference with a special (...)
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  36. Murder and Mayhem.Barbara Herman - 1989 - The Monist 72 (3):411-431.
    This paper began in the startled realization that little if anything is said in Kant’s ethics about the more violent forms of immoral action. There are discussions of lying, deception, self-neglect, nonbeneficence—but apart from suicide, a great silence about the darker actions. At the least, this should be an occasion for curiosity. Although the degree of concern with acts of violence in contemporary ethics may be in its own way curious, it does not seem unreasonable to expect a moral theory (...)
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  37.  37
    Concepts and Methods in Evolutionary Biology.Barbara L. Horan - 1998 - Philosophical Review 107 (3):483.
    This collection of essays by Robert Brandon spans two decades and most of the important problems in the philosophy of biology. Four of his five most important contributions to the philosophy of biology can be found here: the concept of relative adaptedness and its role in the propensity interpretation of fitness; the principle of natural selection; the use of the screening-off relation in defense of organismic selection; and the distinction between units of selection and levels of selection. The fifth major (...)
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  38. Possible Worlds Semantics and Linguistic Theory.Barbara H. Partee - 1977 - The Monist 60 (3):303-326.
    The goal of this paper is to argue for the fruitfulness for linguistic theory of an approach to semantics that has been developed primarily by logicians and philosophers. That the theory of possible worlds semantics has been extremely fruitful for logic and philosophy is widely if not universally accepted, and I will not try to convince remaining skeptics on that score. But the goals of linguistics are sufficiently different from those of philosophy and logic that there are independent and highly (...)
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  39.  25
    A typology of issue evolution.Barbara Bigelow, Liam Fahey & John Mahon - 1993 - Business and Society 32 (1):18-29.
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  40.  40
    Vigilance as a Response to White Complicity.Barbara Applebaum - 2013 - Educational Theory 63 (1):17-34.
    Calls for vigilance have been a recurrent theme in social justice education. Scholars making this call note that vigilance involves a continuous attentiveness, that it presumes some type of criticality, and that it is transformative. In this essay Barbara Applebaum expands upon some of these attributes and calls attention to three particular features of vigilance that, while they may be alluded to in the aforementioned discussions, are rarely made explicit. These three features are critique, staying in the anxiety of (...)
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  41. The Law of the Street.Barbara Levenbook - 2022 - In James Penner & Mark McBride (eds.), New Essays on the Nature of Legal Reasoning. Hart Publishing. pp. 23-44..
    Everyone agrees that law is a constituent of social reality. Law seems to be a system by which conduct is governed and guided. Its usefulness consists, in part, on its ability to govern and guide conduct in its characteristic way. If laws guides the conduct of lay law subjects, then it must be (really) possible for the content of the laws governing their conduct to be known by them under standard social conditions. Moreover, if some degree of efficacy in guiding (...)
     
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  42.  11
    Questioning and Disputing Vaccination Policies. Scientists and Experts in the Italian Public Debate.Barbara Sena & Giampietro Gobo - 2022 - Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society 42 (1-2):25-38.
    Most literature about vaccine hesitancy has been focused on parental attitudes. Less attention has been devoted to both scientists and experts who raise criticism about immunization policies and intervene in the public debate. This consideration aims to balance the current emphasis in the literature on parents’ attitudes about vaccination, offering a complementary angle to reframe and widen the controversy. Focusing on scientists and experts, an unattended complex picture of multiple attitudes towards vaccines and vaccinations has been discovered through a qualitative (...)
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  43. Ethics: theory and contemporary issues.Barbara MacKinnon - 2000 - Belmont, CA: Wadsworth/Thomson Learning. Edited by Andrew Fiala.
    Closely examine the major areas of ethical theory as well as a broad range of contemporary moral debates using MacKinnon's acclaimed ETHICS: THEORY AND CONTEMPORARY ISSUES, Sixth Edition. Recognized for its breadth of coverage, this book provides a superbly balanced introduction that effectively integrates ethical theory with today's most relevant moral issues. Illuminating overviews and a selection of readings from both traditional and contemporary sources make even complex philosophical concepts reader friendly. Comprehensive, clear-sighted introductions to general and specific areas of (...)
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  44. Bound Variables and Other Anaphors.Barbara H. Partee - 2004 - In Barbara Hall Partee (ed.), Compositionality in formal semantics: selected papers of Barbara H. Partee. Malden, MA: Blackwell. pp. 110--121.
     
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  45.  7
    Four Pragmatists: A Critical Introduction to Peirce, James, Mead and Dewey.Barbara Humphries - 1976 - Philosophical Review 85 (3):419.
  46.  74
    Why We Should Do Without Concepts.Barbara C. Malt - 2010 - Mind and Language 25 (5):622-633.
    Machery (2009) has proposed that the notion of ‘concept’ ought to be eliminated from the theoretical vocabulary of psychology. I raise three questions about his argument: (1) Is there a meaningful distinction between concepts and background knowledge? (2) Do we need to discard the hybrid view? (3) Are there really categories of things in the world that are the basis for concepts? Although I argue that the answer to all three is ‘no’, I agree with Machery's conclusion that seeking a (...)
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  47.  17
    Effects of Stimulus Type and Strategy on Mental Rotation Network: An Activation Likelihood Estimation Meta-Analysis.Barbara Tomasino & Michele Gremese - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  48.  29
    The Cognitive Design of Tools of Thought.Barbara Tversky - 2015 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 6 (1):99-116.
    When thought overwhelms the mind, the mind puts it into the world, notably in diagrams and gestures.Both use space and arrays of elements, depictive and non-depictive, to convey ideas, concrete and abstract,clear and sketchy. The arrays and the non-depictive elements like boxes and arrows serve to showrelationships and organizations, thematic, categorical, and more. on paper, in the air, in the diagrammedworld. Human actions organize space to convey abstractions: spraction.
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  49. A cosmopolitan kingdom of ends.Barbara Herman - 1997 - In Andrews Reath, Barbara Herman & Christine M. Korsgaard (eds.), Reclaiming the History of Ethics: Essays for John Rawls. New York: Cambridge University Press. pp. 187--213.
     
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  50.  6
    Rescuing Womanly Virtues: Some Dangers of Moral Reclamation.Barbara Houston - 1987 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy, Supplementary Volume 13:237-262.
    Kathryn Morgan has introduced us to a typology of ‘the ways in which women’s moral voice and her sense of moral integrity are twisted and destroyed by patriarchal ideology and lived experience.’ She claims that this experience can induce in women ‘a sense of confusion and genuine moral madness.’I am in agreement with much of what Morgan says. However, I suspect that some others might find her case less convincing than I for the reason that she supports her claims by (...)
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