Results for 'Barbara Sina'

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  1.  5
    Introduction: International Research Ethics Education.Joseph Millum and Barbara Sina - 2014 - Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics: An International Journal 9 (2):1-2.
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  2. Introduction: The Fogarty International Research Ethics Education and Curriculum Development Program in Historical Context.Joseph Millum, Christine Grady, Gerald Keusch & Barbara Sina - 2013 - Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics: An International Journal 8 (5):3-16.
    In response to the increasing need for research ethics expertise in low and middle income countries (LMICs), the NIH's Fogarty International Research Ethics Education and Curriculum Development Program has provided grants for the development of training programs in international research ethics for LMIC professionals since 2000. This collection of papers draws upon the combined expertise of Fogarty grantees, trainees, and other experts to assess the state of research ethics in LMICs, and the lessons learned over 12 years of international research (...)
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  3. Compositionality in Formal Semantics: Selected Papers of Barbara Partee.Barbara Hall Partee - 2004 - Blackwell.
     
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  4. An Unpublished Chapter by Sofia Vanni Rovighi, Edited by Mario Sina.Mario Sina - forthcoming - Rivista di Filosofia Neo-Scolastica.
  5.  78
    Potentiality: From Dispositions to Modality.Barbara Vetter - 2015 - Oxford University Press.
    Individual objects have potentials: paper has the potential to burn, an acorn has the potential to turn into a tree, some people have the potential to run a mile in less than four minutes. Barbara Vetter provides a systematic investigation into the metaphysics of such potentials, and an account of metaphysical modality based on them. -/- In contemporary philosophy, potentials have been recognized mostly in the form of so-called dispositions: solubility, fragility, and so on. Vetter takes dispositions as her (...)
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  6.  10
    Critique and the Possibility of Radical Politics: Symposium on Sina Kramer’s Excluded Within: The (Un)Intelligibility of Radical Political Actors, Oxford University Press, 2017.Rocío Zambrana, María del Rosario Acosta López & Sina Kramer - 2019 - Political Theory 47 (6):864-884.
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  7.  24
    Information Elaboration and Epistemic Effects of Diversity.Daniel Steel, Sina Fazelpour, Bianca Crewe & Kinley Gillette - 2019 - Synthese 198 (2):1287-1307.
    We suggest that philosophical accounts of epistemic effects of diversity have given insufficient attention to the relationship between demographic diversity and information elaboration, the process whereby knowledge dispersed in a group is elicited and examined. We propose an analysis of IE that clarifies hypotheses proposed in the empirical literature and their relationship to philosophical accounts of diversity effects. Philosophical accounts have largely overlooked the possibility that demographic diversity may improve group performance by enhancing IE, and sometimes fail to explore the (...)
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  8.  27
    Populism and Informal Fallacies: An Analysis of Right-Wing Populist Rhetoric in Election Campaigns.Sina Blassnig, Florin Büchel, Nicole Ernst & Sven Engesser - 2019 - Argumentation 33 (1):107-136.
    Populism is on the rise, especially in Western Europe. While it is often assumed that populist actors have a tendency for fallacious reasoning, this has not been systematically investigated. We analyze the use of informal fallacies by right-wing populist politicians and their representation in the media during election campaigns. We conduct a quantitative content analysis of press releases of right-wing populist parties and news articles in print media during the most recent elections in the United Kingdom and Switzerland in 2015. (...)
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  9.  84
    In Search of Ibn Sīnā's “Oriental Philosophy” in Medieval Castile.Ryan Szpiech - 2010 - Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 20 (2):185-206.
    Abstract. Scholars have long debated the possibility of a mystical or illuminationist strain of thought in Ibn Sīnā 's body of writing. This debate has often focused on the meaning and contents of his partly lost work al-Mashriqiyyūn (The Easterners), also known as al-Ḥikma al-Mashriqiyya (EasternWisdom), mentioned by Ibn Sīnā himself as well as by numerous Western writers including Ibn Rushd and Ibn Ṭufayl. A handful of references to what is called Ibn Sīnā 's “Oriental Philosophy” are also found in (...)
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  10. Prefazione ; Introduzione Con Allegate le Theses Ex Universa Philosophia Selectae, Saumer 1667 ; Notizia Sui Manoscritti E Criteri di Edizione / Mario Sina E Marco Ballardin. Syntagma Logicum / Jean-Robert Chouet ; a Cura di Mario Sina E Marco Ballardin. Breuis Introductio Ad Metaphysicam.Jean-Robert Chouet & A. Cura di Mario Sina - 2010 - In Corsi di Filosofia. L.S. Olschki.
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  11.  20
    Ibn Sīnā on Reductio Ad Absurdum.Wilfrid Hodges - 2017 - Review of Symbolic Logic 10 (3):583-601.
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  12.  29
    Ibn Sīnā and the Early History of Thought Experiments.Taneli Kukkonen - 2014 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 52 (3):433-459.
    the history and philosophy of thought experiments has attracted considerable attention in recent years. Of particular interest to philosophers as well as historians of science has been the emergence of thought experiments as a common procedure in early modern science, along with the methodological presuppositions that underwrite this practice.1 From a philosophical perspective, the notion of thought experiments is intimately tied in with the much-debated connection between conceivability and possibility, as exemplified by the radical affirmation of the Conceivability Criterion of (...)
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  13.  29
    Barbara Stoddard Burks.Barbara S. Bosanquet - 1944 - The Eugenics Review 36 (1):25.
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  14.  36
    Barbara Hannan, Review of Cartesian Psychology and Physical Minds: Individualism and the Sciences of the Mind by Robert A. Wilson. [REVIEW]Barbara Hannan - 1997 - Philosophy of Science 64 (3):515-516.
  15.  12
    Barbara Hahn. Making Tobacco Bright: Creating an American Commodity, 1617–1937. X + 236 Pp., Illus., Tables, App., Index. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2011. $60. [REVIEW]Barbara Kimmelman - 2012 - Isis 103 (4):766-767.
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  16. Barbara Katz Roth.Barbara Katz Rothman - forthcoming - Contemporary Issues in Bioethics.
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  17.  37
    Professor Barbara Skarga’s Ceremonial Lecture.Barbara Skarga - 2010 - Dialogue and Universalism 20 (1-2):215-221.
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  18. Dispositions Without Conditionals.Barbara Vetter - 2014 - Mind 123 (489):129-156.
    Dispositions are modal properties. The standard conception of dispositions holds that each disposition is individuated by its stimulus condition(s) and its manifestation(s), and that their modality is best captured by some conditional construction that relates stimulus to manifestation as antecedent to consequent. I propose an alternative conception of dispositions: each disposition is individuated by its manifestation alone, and its modality is closest to that of possibility — a fragile vase, for instance, is one that can break easily. The view is (...)
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  19.  24
    The Other Side of the Coin: Oxytocin Decreases the Adherence to Fairness Norms.Sina Radke & Ellen R. A. de Bruijn - 2012 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.
  20. Multi‐Track Dispositions.Barbara Vetter - 2013 - Philosophical Quarterly 63 (251):330-352.
    It is a familiar point that many ordinary dispositions are multi-track, that is, not fully and adequately characterisable by a single conditional. In this paper, I argue that both the extent and the implications of this point have been severely underestimated. First, I provide new arguments to show that every disposition whose stimulus condition is a determinable quantity must be infinitely multi-track. Secondly, I argue that this result should incline us to move away from the standard assumption that dispositions are (...)
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  21.  14
    Modeling of Causes of Sina Weibo Continuance Intention with Mediation of Gender Effects.Lingyu Wang, Wenguo Zhao, Xianghong Sun, Rui Zheng & Weina Qu - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  22.  15
    Hannah Arendt—Complete Works, Critical Edition in Digital and Print: An Interview with Barbara Hahn, James McFarland, and Thomas Wild.Barbara Hahn, James McFarland & Thomas Wild - 2019 - Arendt Studies 3:9-14.
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  23.  40
    A Cosmopolitan in the Provinces: G. M. Galanti, Geography, and Enlightenment Europe*: Barbara Naddeo.Barbara Naddeo - 2013 - Modern Intellectual History 10 (1):1-26.
    This essay reconstructs the career of the 18th-cetnury Neapolitan publicist Giuseppe Maria Galanti, who championed the genre of anthropological geography in the Kingdom of Naples. Although little attention has been paid to Galanti by the English-language historiography, the person and work of the Neapolitan publicist has loomed large in Italian studies on the Enlightenment. In landmark Italian studies, Galanti has been hailed as a clear-sighted reformer committed to the improvement of socioeconomic conditions within the Kingdom. Likewise, the geographical literature he (...)
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  24. Williamsonian Modal Epistemology, Possibility-Based.Barbara Vetter - 2016 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 46 (4-5):766-795.
    Williamsonian modal epistemology is characterized by two commitments: realism about modality, and anti-exceptionalism about our modal knowledge. Williamson’s own counterfactual-based modal epistemology is the best known implementation of WME, but not the only option that is available. I sketch and defend an alternative implementation which takes our knowledge of metaphysical modality to arise, not from knowledge of counterfactuals, but from our knowledge of ordinary possibility statements of the form ‘x can F’. I defend this view against a criticism indicated in (...)
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  25.  21
    The End of Progress: Decolonizing the Normative Foundations of Critical Theory by Amy Allen.Sina Kramer - 2017 - philoSOPHIA: A Journal of Continental Feminism 7 (2):357-362.
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  26. Embodied and Disembodied Cognition: Spatial Perspective-Taking.Barbara Tversky & Bridgette Martin Hard - 2009 - Cognition 110 (1):124-129.
    Although people can take spatial perspectives different from their own, it is widely assumed that egocentric perspectives are natural and have primacy. Two studies asked respondents to describe the spatial relations between two objects on a table in photographed scenes; in some versions, a person sitting behind the objects was either looking at or reaching for one of the objects. The mere presence of another person in a position to act on the objects induced a good proportion of respondents to (...)
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  27. Thought in Action: Expertise and the Conscious Mind.Barbara Gail Montero - 2016 - Oxford University Press UK.
    How does thinking affect doing? There is a widely held view that thinking about what you are doing, as you are doing it, hinders performance. Once you have acquired the ability to putt a golf ball, play an arpeggio on the piano, or parallel-park, reflecting on your actions leads to inaccuracies, blunders, and sometimes even utter paralysis--that's what is widely believed. But is it true? After exploring some of the contemporary and historical manifestations of the idea, Barbara Gail Montero (...)
     
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  28. Are Abilities Dispositions?Barbara Vetter - forthcoming - Synthese 196 (1).
    Abilities are in many ways central to what being an agent means, and they are appealed to in philosophical accounts of a great many different phenomena. It is often assumed that abilities are some kind of dispositional property, but it is rarely made explicit exactly which dispositional properties are our abilities. Two recent debates provide two different answers to that question: the new dispositionalism in the debate about free will, and virtue reliabilism in epistemology. This paper argues that both answers (...)
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  29.  23
    Ibn Sina's 'Burhan Al-Siddiqin'.T. Mayer - 2001 - Journal of Islamic Studies 12 (1):18-39.
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  30. Ibn Sina and Husserl on Intention and Intentionality.Marina Paola Banchetti-Robino - 2004 - Philosophy East and West 54 (1):71-82.
    : The concepts of intention and intentionality were particularly significant notions within the Christian, Jewish, and Islamic medieval philosophical traditions, and they regained philosophical importance in the twentieth century. The theories of intention and intentionality of the medieval Islamic philosopher and physician Ibn Sina and the phenomenological philosopher and mathematician Edmund Husserl are examined, compared, and contrasted here, showing that Ibn Sina's conception of intention is naturalistic and, in its naturalism, is influenced by the medical professional culture to (...)
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  31. Counterpossibles (Not Only) for Dispositionalists.Barbara Vetter - 2016 - Philosophical Studies 173 (10):2681-2700.
    Dispositionalists try to provide an account of modality—possibility, necessity, and the counterfactual conditional—in terms of dispositions. But there may be a tension between dispositionalist accounts of possibility on the one hand, and of counterfactuals on the other. Dispositionalists about possibility must hold that there are no impossible dispositions, i.e., dispositions with metaphysically impossible stimulus and/or manifestation conditions; dispositionalist accounts of counterfactuals, if they allow for non-vacuous counterpossibles, require that there are such impossible dispositions. I argue, first, that there are in (...)
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  32. Recent Work: Modality Without Possible Worlds.Barbara Vetter - 2011 - Analysis 71 (4):742-754.
    This paper surveys recent "new actualist" approaches to modality that do without possible worlds and locate modality squarely in the actual world. New actualist theories include essentialism and dispositionalism about modality, each of which can come in different varieties. The commonalities and differences between these views, as well as their shared motivations, are layed out.
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  33.  33
    Affect-Biased Attention and Predictive Processing.Madeleine Ransom, Sina Fazelpour, Jelena Markovic, James Kryklywy, Evan T. Thompson & Rebecca M. Todd - 2020 - Cognition 203:104370.
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  34. Visualizing Thought.Barbara Tversky - 2011 - Topics in Cognitive Science 3 (3):499-535.
    Depictive expressions of thought predate written language by thousands of years. They have evolved in communities through a kind of informal user testing that has refined them. Analyzing common visual communications reveals consistencies that illuminate how people think as well as guide design; the process can be brought into the laboratory and accelerated. Like language, visual communications abstract and schematize; unlike language, they use properties of the page (e.g., proximity and place: center, horizontal/up–down, vertical/left–right) and the marks on it (e.g., (...)
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  35. Ibn Sina on Necessary and Possible Existence.George F. Hourani - 1972 - Philosophical Forum 4 (1):74-86.
     
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  36. Ibn Sînâ (Avicenna) and René Descartes on the Faculty of Imagination.Hulya Yaldir - 2009 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 17 (2):247-278.
  37.  1
    Exploring Diversity in a Field: An Application of Dooyeweerd’s Philosophy.Sina Joneidy & Andrew Basden - 2018 - Philosophia Reformata 83 (2):149-176.
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  38. How Many Meanings for ‘May’? The Case for Modal Polysemy.Barbara Vetter & Emanuel Viebahn - 2016 - Philosophers' Imprint 16.
    The standard Kratzerian analysis of modal auxiliaries, such as ‘may’ and ‘can’, takes them to be univocal and context-sensitive. Our first aim is to argue for an alternative view, on which such expressions are polysemous. Our second aim is to thereby shed light on the distinction between semantic context-sensitivity and polysemy. To achieve these aims, we examine the mechanisms of polysemy and context-sensitivity and provide criteria with which they can be held apart. We apply the criteria to modal auxiliaries and (...)
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  39.  10
    Objects, Parts, and Categories.Barbara Tversky & Kathleen Hemenway - 1984 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 113 (2):169-193.
  40. Believing at Will.Barbara Winters - 1979 - Journal of Philosophy 76 (5):243-256.
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  41. 'Can' Without Possible Worlds: Semantics for Anti-Humeans.Barbara Vetter - 2013 - Philosophers' Imprint 13.
    Metaphysicians of modality are increasingly critical of possible-worlds talk, and increasingly happy to accept irreducibly modal properties – and in particular, irreducible dispositions – in nature. The aim of this paper is to provide the beginnings of a modal semantics which uses, instead of possible-worlds talk, the resources of such an 'anti-Humean' metaphysics. One central challenge to an anti-Humean view is the context-sensitivity of modal language. I show how that challenge can be met and a systematic modal semantics provided, given (...)
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  42.  9
    Optimal Economic Load Dispatch Based on Wind Energy and Risk Constrains Through an Intelligent Algorithm.Sina Ghaffari, Gholamreza Aghajani, Alireza Noruzi & Hadi Hedayati Mehr - 2016 - Complexity 21 (S2):494-506.
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  43.  16
    Judith Butler’s “New Humanism”.Sina Kramer - 2015 - philoSOPHIA: A Journal of Continental Feminism 5 (1):25-40.
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  44. The Practice of Moral Judgment.Barbara Herman - 1985 - Journal of Philosophy 82 (8):414-436.
  45. Dispositional Accounts of Abilities.Barbara Vetter & Romy Jaster - 2017 - Philosophy Compass 12 (8):e12432.
    This paper explores the prospects for dispositional accounts of abilities. According to so-called new dispositionalists, an agent has the ability to Φ iff they have a disposition to Φ when trying to Φ. We show that the new dispositionalism is beset by some problems that also beset its predecessor, the conditional analysis of abilities, and bring up some further problems. We then turn to a different approach, which links abilities not to motivational states but to the notion of success, and (...)
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  46.  59
    Ibn Sina Avicenna and Malcolm and the Ontological Argument.Parviz Morewedge - 1970 - The Monist 54 (2):234-249.
    It has generally been assumed that Anselm was the originator of the ontological argument. Notwithstanding the fact that it has received much criticism, Malcolm defends its so-called second version. In this paper we shall examine some features of ibn Sina’s notion of the Necessary Existent which show that prior to Anselm, ibn Sina formulated a version of this argument which corresponds in some senses to Malcolm’s version, and that a close examination of ibn Sina’s peculiar version enables (...)
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  47.  29
    Ibn Sīnā’s Flying Man: Logical Analyses of a (Religious) Thought Experiment.C. P. Hertogh - 2013 - Journal of Islamic Philosophy 9:54-74.
  48. On Linking Dispositions and Which Conditionals?Barbara Vetter - 2011 - Mind 120 (480):1173-1189.
    Manley and Wasserman (2008) have provided a convincing case against analyses of dispositions in terms of one conditional, and a very interesting positive proposal that links any disposition to a ‘suitable proportion’ of a particular set of precise conditionals. I focus on their positive proposal and ask just how precise those conditionals are to be. I argue that, contrary to what Manley and Wasserman imply in their paper, they must be maximally specific, describing in their antecedents complete centred worlds. This (...)
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  49.  15
    Ibn Sīnā’s Approach to Equality and Unity.Shahid Rahman, Johan Georg Granström & Zaynab Salloum - 2014 - Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 24 (2):297-307.
  50.  39
    Ibn Sīnā and Descartes on the Origins and Structure of the Universe: Cosmology and Cosmogony.Hulya Yaldir - 2009 - Journal of Islamic Philosophy 5:3-58.
    This article begins with an examination of Ibn Sīnā’s conception of emanation and its origin within the Greek and Islamic philosophical traditions. Secondly, I present his view of the multiplicity of the universe from a single unitary First Cause, followed by a discussion of the function of the Active Intellect in giving rise to the existence of the sublunary world and its contents. In the second part of the article, I consider Cartesian cosmology, without, however, going into detail about what (...)
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