7 found
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  1. Believing at will.Barbara Winters - 1979 - Journal of Philosophy 76 (5):243-256.
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  2. Inferring.Barbara Winters - 1983 - Philosophical Studies 44 (2):201 - 220.
    It has been a commonplace from the beginnings of philosophical thought that what distinguishes humans from other species is the ability to reason; reason- ing is held to be an essential characteristic of the species and one that is unique to it. The essence condition requires that all humans possess at least the capacity for reasoning and that it be exercised in many of the ordinary cases of acquiring beliefs. And uniqueness entails that non-humans cannot reason, no matter how much (...)
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  3.  4
    Sceptical Counterpossibilities†.Barbara Winters - 2017 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 62 (1):30-38.
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  4.  38
    Hume on Reason.Barbara Winters - 1979 - Hume Studies 5 (1):20-35.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:20. HUME ON REASON1 One of the main concerns of Hume's Treatise of 2 Human Nature (T) is the investigation of the role that reason plays in belief and action. On the standard interpretation, Hume is taken to argue that neither our beliefs nor our actions are determined by reason; Books I and III are thus seen as sharing a common theme: the denigration of reason's role in human (...)
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  5.  17
    Hume's Argument for the Superiority of Natural Instinct.Barbara Winters - 1981 - Dialogue 20 (4):635-643.
  6.  24
    Reasonable Believing.Barbara Winters - 1980 - Dialectica 34 (1):3-16.
    SummaryThe paper examines the conditions someone's believing must satisfy in order to be reasonable and argues that an important necessary condition concerns the nature of the origin and sustain‐ment of the belief. This requirement cannot be captured by conditions on logical relations among the believed propositions, but instead concerns the psychological process of reasoning, concluding, or basing one belief on another. The implications of this result for traditional epistemology are examined, and it is concluded that the most important issues are (...)
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  7.  19
    Acquiring Beliefs at Will.Barbara Winters - 1978 - Philosophy Research Archives 4:433-464.
    The paper considers the question of whether it is possible to acquire beliefs at will, i.e. directly, simply as the result of willing to do so. In particular, it discusses an argument of Bernard Williams in "Deciding to Believe" to the conclusion that it is a necessary truth that one cannot acquire a belief at will. The argument is first clarified and reformulated so as to exhibit the underlying assumptions and explain precisely what he means by "acquiring beliefs at will." (...)
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